Tree Species List
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Afrocarpus gracilior (Podocarpus gracilior)Fern pineE40-60' x 25-40'30-35'6-8'18-24MS-PWD; C,L,SLmale 9 female 1MLawn watering ok; very little leaf litter; pest and disease free; used as hedge.
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Agonis flexuosaPeppermint treeE25-40' x 25-40'35-40'4-6'19-24M/LS-PC,L,SM6S6" narrow, peppermint-scented leaves; weeping habit; white flowers in June. Prefers moist sandy soil.
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Agonis flexuosa 'Jervis Bay After Dark'After Dark peppermint treeE15-20' x 10-15'15-20'4-6'19-24M/LS-PC,L,SL-M6SDark purple leaves that are more narrow than A. flexuosa; red stems.
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Albizzia julibrissin Silk treeD20-40' x 20-50'35-40'4-6'18-23MS-PC,L,SM8WPink, fluffy flowers; ferny leaves; umbrella canopy. Likes high summer heat; not as good near the coast.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Bauhinia x blakeana Hong Kong orchid treeS15-25' x 15-30'25-30'3-4'19-24MS-PWD; L,SL4MWFragrant, pink-magenta, 5-6" flowers winter-spring. Leaves 2-lobed. Semi-deciduous during bloom. Frequent initial pruning to train. Sterile, no fruit.
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Bauhinia variegata (B. purpurea) Purple orchid treeS20-35' x 20-35'25-30'3-4'18-24MS-PWD; L,SL4MFragrant, pink, 3-4" variegated flowers winter-spring. Semi-deciduous at bloom. Leaves 2-lobed. Frequent initial pruning to train. Multi or single trunk.
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Calocedrus decurrens Incense cedarxE70-90' x 20-40'30-35'6-8'18-24M/LS-PC,L,SM8MSlow growth when young. Fragrant leaf. Columnar with branches to the ground. Remove lower branches for under canopy access.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Cassia leptophyllaGold medallion treeS20-25' x 20-40'30-35'4-6'20-24MSWD; L,SL6MWBright yellow flower clusters summer-fall. 16" seed pods used as musical shakers.
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Casuarina cunninghamianaRiver she-oakE70' x 20-40'35-40'6-8'18-24M/LS-PL,SLmale 10 female 1MLooks like a pine. Smog and salt tolerant. Separate male and female trees.
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Catalpa bignonioidesCommon catalpa, Indian bean treeD30-40' x 15-40'30-35'6-8'18-24MS-ShC,L,SM8MGood for lawns. 7", heart-shaped leaves smell when crushed. White showy flowers early summer. 7-14" seed pods in fall. Slow to leaf out.
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Catalpa speciosaWestern catalpaD40-60' x 30-60'35-40'6-8'18-24MS-ShC,L,SM8MGood for lawns. 7", heart-shaped leaves. Leaves do not smell. White showy flowers early summer. 7-14" seed pods in fall. Slow to leaf out.
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Cedrus atlantica Atlas cedarE50-60' x 40-50'35-40'8'+18-24M/LS-PC,L,SM2MShort, green, 1" needles and stiff branches. Fragrant leaf and bark. Upright cones fall apart on the tree.
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Cedrus atlantica ‘Glauca’ Blue atlas cedarE50'60' x 40-50'35-40'8'+18-24M/LS-PC,L,SM2MShort, silver-blue, 1" needles and stiff branches. Fragrant leaf and bark. Upright cones fall apart on the tree.
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Cedrus deodara Deodar cedarE60-80' x 40'35-40'8'+18-24M/LS-PC,L,SMmale 5 female 1 bi 3MBlue-green to medium green 1-2" needles. Very tall and wide. Leader tip droops. Branches sweep low. Upright cones fall apart on the tree.
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Cedrus libaniCedar of LebanonE80-100' x 80-100'35-40'8'+18-24M/LS-PC,L,SL2MTallest of the true cedars. Upright cones fall apart on the tree. Grey-green 3/4" needles.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Celtis reticulataWestern or Net-leaf hackberryxD20-30' x 20-35'30-35'4-6'18-24M/LS-PL,SL8MSmall red fruits feed native birds through winter. Generally bush form, but can be limbed up for tree form. Best inland.
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Cercis occidentalis Western redbudxD15-20' x 15-20'25-30'3-4'18-24M/LS-PC,L,SL5MPurple-pink flowers in early spring; magenta seedpods; heart-shaped leaves are yellow in fall. Usually multi trunk.
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Chilopsis linearis and cultivarsDesert willow (e.g. Burgundy Lace, Warren Jones evergreen d. willow)xD15-30' x 15-30'25-30'4-6'18-23M/LS-PL,SL5MFragrant pink, lavendar or white trumpet-shaped flowers. Usually multi-trunk. Does best away from the coast.
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Chionanthus retusus Chinese fringe treeD20' x 20'25-30'4-6'18-24MS-PC,LLmale 10 female 1MFragrant white flowers with many petals are dazzling in spring. Likes regular water - good for lawns. Clean looking.
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x Chitalpa tashkenensis ChitalpaxD20-30' x 20-30'25-30'4-6'18-24M/LS-PL,SL6MWHybrid between Catalpa bignonioides and Chilopsis. Large pink trumpet-shaped flowers; 5" narrow leaves. Prune early to direct growth.
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Cinnamomum camphoraCamphor treeE50-65' x 65'+40-60'8'+18-24MS-PWD; C,L,SH8SMassive tree; wide canopy, above ground roots. Bright yellow-green, camphor-scented leaves. Does best in rich, loamy, moist soil.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Cupressus arizonica (C. arizonica arizonica)Arizona or Cuyamaca cypressxE35-50' x 20-30'25-30'6-8'18-24L/VLSWD; L,SL10MBlue-green to yellow-green foliage and shredded red-brown bark. Upright or pyramidal form. Best inland.
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Cupressus arizonica glabraSmooth Arizona cypressxE30-50' x 10-20' 15-20'6-8'18-24L/VLSWD; C,L,SM10MBlue-grey foliage and smooth red-brown bark. Upright or pyramidal form. Best inland.
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Eriobotrya deflexa Bronze loquatE25' x 25'25-30'3-4'18-24MS-PC,L,SL3MLarge shrub to small tree. 8-10" long, thick, glossy leaves with serrated edges. New leaves are red. White flowers and small, inedible fruit.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Geijera parviflora Australian willowE25-35' x 20-25'30-35'6-8'18-24M/LS-PWD; C,L,SL6MWillow-like thick leaves and pedulous branches. Pest free. Low maintenance. Slow growing. Wide pH range.
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Ginkgo biloba (male only cultivars)Ginkgo (e.g. Saratoga, Fairmount)
D35-80' x 20-60'30-35'4-6'18-24MS-PC,L,SMmale 7 female 2SFruit of female smells horrible Only plant male trees and cultivars. Brilliant yellow fall color. Very long-lived.
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Gleditsia triacanthos inermis Honey locust (thornless)D35-70' x 25-40'25-35'4-6'18-20MS-PL,SMmale 7, female 1 bi 4MFor the Valley only. Leafs out late. Produces light shade; good for understory plants.
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Handroanthus chrysotrichus (Tabebuia chrysotricha)Golden trumpet treeD20-30' x 20-30'30-35'3-4'20-24MS-PL,SM5MWFuzzy leaves and seed pods. Yellow flowers before the leaves emerge. Slow growth if given inadequate care or poor drainage. Prefers moist soil.
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Handroanthus impetiginosus (Tabebuia impetiginosa)Purple trumpet tree, Pink trumpet treeD25-50' x 30-40'30-35'3-4'20-24MSWD; C,L,SL5MWPink flowers before the leaves emerge. Slow growth if given inadequate care or poor drainage.
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Harpephyllum caffrum Kaffir plumE25-40' x 25'-40'30-35'6-8'19, 21-24MS-PL,SLmale 9 female 4MFemale trees have edible red fruits. Fallen fruit can be an issue. Green, glossy leaves.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Hymenosporum flavumSweetshadeE40' x 15-20'25-30'3-4'18-24MS-PWD; L,SL3WYellow fragrant flowers spring-summer. Moist soil. Hard to establish, use sparingly.
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Jacaranda mimosifolia JacarandaS25-50' x 25-40'35-40'6-8'18-24MSL,SL4WLavender flowers in spring that litter the ground below. Needs heat to bloom. Ferny leaves are partly deciduous.
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Koelreuteria bipinnata Chinese flame treeD20-40' x 20-40'30-35'6-8'18-24MS-PC,L,SL4MYellow summer flowers. Salmon colored papery seed pods. Bright red-orange fall color. Umbrella canopy. Takes a few years to form branches.
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Lagerstroemia hybrids (Indian series)Crape myrtle (e.g. Biloxi, Muskogee, Natchex, Tonto, Tuscarora, Tuskegee)D15-25' x 18-25'25-30'3-4'18-24MS-PC,L,SL5MBright orange fall color. Magenta, pink, purple, red and white flower color. Smooth red and tan bark. Multi or single trunk. Sun and climate needs vary with each hybrid.
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Lagerstroemia hybrids (shorter Indian series)Crape myrtle (e.g. Acoma, Comanche, Hopi, Lipan, Pecos, Sioux, Yuma, Zuni) D8-15' x 5-18'10-20'3-4'18-24MS-PC,L,SL5MSee above description.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Laurus nobilis and cultivarsSweet bay (e.g. 'Saratoga')E15-25' x 20-30'25-30'4-6'18-24M/LS-PC,L,SL-Mmale 9 female 2MStraight species is multitrunk or suckers; dense screen. 'Saratoga' has the lowest water needs, no fruit (male), is single trunk and psyllid resistant. Leaves used in cooking.
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Lophostemon confertus (Tristania conferta)Brisbane boxE30-60' x 20-40'30-35'4-6'19-24MS-PC,L,SM5MOk with lawn watering. White feathery flowers. Red peeling bark, smooth underneath. Grows quickly demanding a longer staked period.
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Lyonothamnus floribundus Catalina ironwoodxE20-35' x 15'30-35'4-6'19-24M/LS-PWD; L,SM4SRed peeling bark; white clusters of flowers; smooth-edged leaf. Very tolerant of salt spray. Best at the coast.
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Lyonothamnus floribundus asplenifoliusSanta Cruz Island ironwood; Catalina fernleaf ironwoodxE20-35' x 15'30-35'4-6'19-24M/LS-PWD; L,SM4SLeaf has a scalloped edge. This subspecies is the one generally found in nurseries, and thus the one most planted. Native to Santa Cruz island, not Catalina island.
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Magnolia grandiflora and cultivarsSouthern magnolia (e.g. St. Mary, Majestic Beauty, Samuel Sommer, D.D. Blanchard, Little GemE60-80' x 40-60'25-40'6-8'18-24MS-PWD; L,SH5MLarge white fragrant flowers. The smaller the cultivar, the less the root damage potential. Best in hot climates and areas with regular water.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Melaleuca linariifolia Flaxleaf paperbarkE30' x 30'30-35'4-6'18-24MS-PC,L,SL7MWhite peeling/flaking bark. White small, fragrant flowers in summer. Small, narrow leaves.
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Melaleuca quinquenervia Cajeput treeE20-40' x 15-30'30-35'4-6'20-24MS-PC,L,SL7MUpright tree with weeping branches. White spongy, peeling bark; white bottlebrush flowers summer to fall.
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Metrosideros excelsus New Zealand Christmas treeE20-30'+ x 10-35'25-30'3-4'23-24M/LS-PL,SM6MRed bottlebrush flowers in winter. Leaves are white fuzzy underneath. Aerial roots hang down and root into the ground. Best near the coast.
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Olea europaea Fruitless olive only (eg. Swan Hill)E35' x 35'30-35'6-8'18-24M/LS-PC,L,SMmale 10 Swan Hill 1SGrey-green linear leaves. Low branching to vase-shaped tree. Swan Hill has no pollen and little to no fruit.
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Pistacia chinensis Chinese pistacheD30-60' x 40-50'35-40'6-8'18-24MS-PWD; C,L,SLmale 8 female 1SBrilliant scarlet and orange fall color. Summer to fall fruit is red and turns blue.
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Podocarpus henkeliiLongleafed yellow woodE30-50' x 15-20'20-25'4'18-24MS-PWD; C,L,SLmale 9 female 1MDrooping foliage. Erect narrow tree.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Podocarpus macrophyllusYew pineE15-50' x 6-15'25-30'4-6'18-24MPWD; C,L,SLmale 9 female 1MSimilar to Afrocarpus gracilior, but more heat and drought tolerant and the leaves are wider and longer.
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Prunus caroliniana Carolina laurel cherryE15-35' x 15-35'30-35'4-6'18-24MS-PC,L,SL7MShowy white flowers winter-spring. Shiny green leaves. Wet fruit is a litter issue.
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Prunus cerasifera (Purple leaf cultivars)Purple leaf plum (Krauter Vesuvius, Newport, Purple Pony)DSee notes25-30'3-4'18-22MS-PC,L,SL3MPurple Pony - 10-12' x 12'; no fruit. Krauter Vesuvius - 18' x 12'; little-no fruit. Newport - 15-20' x 20'; a little fruit.
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Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyoniiCatalina cherryxE15-25' x 10-15'15-20'4-6'18-24M/LS-PC,L,SL7MEdible fruit. Hybrides with the mainland sub-species P. i. ssp. Ilicifolia; do not plant near wild areas.
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Pyrus calleryana ‘Aristocrat’ Ornamental pearD35-45' x 30-35'30-35'3-4'18-24 (18-21)MSC,L,SM4MFairly resistant to Fire Blight. Less susceptible to branch breakage than species. Purple-red fall color. Thornless.
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Pyrus calleryana ‘Chanticleer’ Ornamental pearD35-40' x 15-20'20-25'3-4'18-24 (18-21)MSC,L,SM4MFairly resistant to Fire Blight. Less susceptible to branch breakage than species. Purple-red fall color. Thornless.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Quercus agrifolia Coast live oakxE20-70' x 30-85'40-50'8'+18-24M/LS-PWD; C,L,SM-H9SDark green, holly-like leaves. Common oak in L.A. Only water in summer if stressed.
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Quercus douglasiiBlue oakxD20-50' x 20-50'35-40'8'+18-24L/VLS-PWD; C,L,SL8SVery slow growing. Blue-tinted, wavy-edged (sometimes lobed) leaves are drought or fall deciduous.
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Quercus durataLeather oakxE5-20' x 10-20'15-20'8'+19-24L/VLS-PWD; C,LL9SLow canopy. Leaves are smooth-edged or toothed and convex, white-grey underneath.
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Quercus engelmanniiEngelmann oakxS50-65' x 40'35-40'6-8'18-21M/LS-PWD; C,L,SM9SFor the Valley only. Broad, dense canopy.
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Quercus ilex Holly oakE65' x 65'40-50'8'+18-24M/LS-PWD; C,L,SL9SLeaves are dark green on top, white underneath. Often umbrella-shaped.
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Quercus lobata Valley oakxD50-75' x 80'40-50'8'+18-24M/LS-PL,SM8M-MSThe fastest CA oak. Lobed leaves and big acorns.
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Quercus suber Cork oakE60-70' x 60-70'40-50'6-8'18-24M/LS-PWD; C,L,SM9SBest away from the coast. Underside of leaves is grey. Its bark is the source of cork.
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Quercus tomentellaIsland oakxE25-50' x 10-20'20-25'8'+19-24M/LS-PC,L,SM9SLarge, glossy green leaves with tan hairs underneath. Very clean looking oak.
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Quercus wislizeniiInterior live oakxE65' x 65'+50-60'8'+18-21L/VLS-PC,L,SM9SBroad, dense canopy. Leaves are flat, smooth-edged or toothed, often yellow-green underneath. Inland only.
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Botanical NameCommon NameCA NativeDeciduous, Evergreen, SemiHeight x WidthSpacingL.A. City Parkway SizeL.A. Sunset Climate ZonesWater UseSun NeedsSoil NeedsRoot Damage PotentialAllergy Potential (1 Low to 10 High)Branch StrengthNotes
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Stenocarpus sinuatus Firewheel treeE30' x 15'30-35'4-6'20-24MS-PC,L,SM3MWSlow growing. Needs moisture. Takes years before blooming. Bright red pinwheel flowers.
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Tipuana tipu Tipu treeS50' x 50'40-45'8'+18-24MS-PC,L,SM3MWYellow-orange flowers June - July. Fast grower and quick shade. Frequent pruning the first few years to train.
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Key
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Parkway Size
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The measurement from the curb to sidewalk. This is the minimum the city of Los Angeles allows for the specific species listed. The minimum is up to the
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discretion of the city tree inspector.
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L.A. Sunset Climate Zone - Refers to the climate zones in the Sunset Western Garden Book for the Los Angeles area.
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Watering Needs (ratings from Landscape Plants for California Gardens - Bob Perry)
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* water needs for first 3 years FOR ALL TREES (while their roots are becoming established) is 15-20 gallons once/week whenever it's not raining!!!
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Where plants are listed with two ratings divided by a "/", such as "M/L", the second letter is the summer water need. These plants are best adapted for SoCal.
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VL = Very low. These trees should not need water other than natural rainfall. A prolonged drought might require a deep watering once or twice per season.
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L = Low. One deep watering per month in summer & fall (or whenever temps stay above 85 degrees most days).
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M = Moderate. Two deep waterings per month in summer & fall. Perhaps once or twice during the spring.
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Sun Needs
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S = Full sun
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P = Part sun/part shade
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Sh = Shade
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Soil Needs: C = Clay; L = Loam; S = Sand; WD = Well drained
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Root Damage Potential: These ratings obtained from the SelecTree website: http://selectree.calpoly.edu. L = Low; M = Moderate; H = High
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