Publicly Shared Interactive Bibliography on Metropolitan Regionalism from Center for Metropolitan Studies in Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at University of Pittsburgh
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Coding NumberCitation of Source Article in APA FormatPrimary Area of RegionalismPrimary Policy ArenaPrimary Government LevelRelevant GeographyDescription of Relevant GeographyTypeAnnotationVolunteer
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1c3c001Wolf, Jeffrey, and Deborah Sherman. "Transportation Project More than a Billion Dollars." Action 9 News. NBC. Denver, Colorado, 18 May 2007. 1C-IP2-Transportation3-Local4-USMetroThe city of Denver, CO; Counties of Boulder, Broomfield, Denver, Jefferson, and portions of Adams, Arapahoe, Douglas, Longmont, and Erie.5-ApplicationDenver Regional Transportation District case study analyzed a multi-billion dollar project meant to provide an extensive and useful transportation system in the Denver metropolitan area. NBC 9 News provided pertinent and concise information about some residual taxation issues that arose after the project went over-budget. In a field as fast-paced as television, their ability to completely illustrate the infrastructure issues or benefits might be limited to the time they have to investigate but the way this article was written was informative. Jessica
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1c5a002Green, Andrew D. (2006). Life in the Fast Lane: Transportation Finance and the Local Option Sales Tax. State and Local Government Review, 38 (2), 92-103.1C-IP2-Tax3-State4-USStateState of California, Sacramento, Santa Clara County 5-ApplicationState of California implemented a local option sales taxes in 1987. This authorized local governments to raise sales tax to fund transportation on a county level. This article discusses the causation for the California Legislator to willingly devolve power to a local government. Factors include the tax revolt and subsequent establishment of Proposition 13 during the 1970s as well as dissatisfaction with the California Transportation Commission (CalTrans). Further data is gathered and analyzed through a series of interviews with former California legislators who served in office during the 1980s. Jessica
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3d5c003Turner, R. C., & Cassell, M. K. (2010). Racing to the Bottom? The Impact of Intrastate Competition on Tax Abatement Generosity in Ohio. State & Local Government Review , 42 (3), 195-209.1F-Other2-Tax3-Local4-USStateOhio5-TheoryThe authors discuss the possibility of intrajurisdictional tax competition leading local governments to offer large tax abatements to firms. Data was collected between 1983 to 2004 with detailed information on the 4,408 individual tax abatements negotiated between local governments and firms. The authors particularly note that Ohio has increased the number of local governments able to offer tax abatements to firms. Jessica
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3b5c004Davis, B. (1999). Florida Revenue Sharing Act of 1972.
Retrieved Feb. 19th, 2012 from http://archive.flsenate.gov/data/Publications/2000/Senate/reports/interim_reports/pdf/00-46fr.pdf
1F-Tax2-Tax3-Local4-USStateFlorida municipalities and counties.5-ApplicationThe Florida Revenue Sharing Act of 1972 established formulas for sharing cigarette and intangibles taxes with municipalities and counties. This report aims to examine three policy options on sources of tax sharing, namely, cigarette tax, intangibles tax, and sales tax, in terms of its usage and the different tax sharing experiences for municipalities and counties. It is noted that the cigarette tax and intangible tax sharing measures created unstable funding for municipalities and counties due to the yearly fluctuation of the consumption of such products. The briefing, as a result, recommended using half-cent sales tax distribution since it is the only stable and growing sources for the tax purpose.Jessica
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3b5c005Horne, J.(1999). Revenue Sharing with Local Governments: Examination of Alternatives. The Florida Senate Interim Project Summary 2000-46.
Retrieved Feb. 19th, 2012 from http://archive.flsenate.gov/data/Publications/2000/Senate/reports/interim_reports/pdf/00-46fr.pdf
1F-Tax2-Tax3-Local4-USStateFlorida municipalities and counties.5-ApplicationThe Florida Revenue Sharing Act of 1972 established formulas for sharing cigarette and intangibles taxes with municipalities and counties. This report aims to examine three policy options on sources of tax sharing, namely, cigarette tax, intangibles tax, and sales tax, in terms of its usage and the different tax sharing experiences for municipalities and counties. It is noted that the cigarette tax and intangible tax sharing measures created unstable funding for municipalities and counties due to the yearly fluctuation of the consumption of such products. The briefing, as a result, recommended using half-cent sales tax distribution since it is the only stable and growing sources for the tax purpose.Jessica
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3d10c006Miller, D.(2000). "Fiscal Regionalism: Metropolitan Reform Without Boundary Changes." Government Finance Review. Dec. 2000, p. 7.1F-Other2-Economic3-Local4-USState5-TheoryThis article provides a review of the fiscal regionalism approach which local governments could adopt to address a number of important regional issues. It provides applicable ways for fiscal cooperation at local government level which is beyond the traditional governmental boundaries. The result is win-win solutions that could improve the fairness and competitiveness of the whole regions. “Fiscal regionalism” has three specific forms: cultural asset districts, tax and revenue-sharing programs, and peaceful coexistence plans. Several successful examples illustrate the effectiveness of such approach.Jessica
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3b5b007Jensen, Brian and James Turner(2000). "Act 77: Revenue Sharing in Allegheny County." Government Finance Review, p. 17.

1F-Tax2-Tax3-County4-USStateAllegheny County, Pennsylvania5-ApplicationAct 77 Revenue Sharing in Allegheny County has strengthened southwestern Pennsylvania in a number of aspects. Using tax base sharing as a way to provide tax relief to local municipalities, Act 77 mitigated the county's noncompetitive tax environment, have shifted part of the tax burdens on non-residential property to other neighboring counties so as to make fairer redistribution, helped the financially weaker municipalities with their budgets, reduced inefficiencies through mandatory allocations, and has further improved the region’s economic competitiveness and strengthened intergovernmental cooperation. Jessica
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3a5f008Turner, James.(1995). "The Allegheny Regional Asset District: Communities Thinking and Acting Like a Region." Government Finance Review, p. 19.

1F-Cultural2-Tax3-Special4-USStateAllegheny county, Pennsylvania 5-ApplicationThe Allegheny County Regional Asset District was created by passing the Regional Asset District bill in 1993. The district was set as a special-purpose unit of the local government which has the authority to disburse the funds allocated to it by law. The creation of the District has resulted in savings and the received allocation of the sales tax revenues. Although problems still remain, the creation of the Allegheny Regional Asset District and the passage of the 1 percent local option sales show the ability of the community as a whole to deal with its own problems in an effective, creative, and regional way.Jessica
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2c2c009Matthew Mckenny, Craig Fitch and WIill Harmons, Regionalism in the West(2002), 101-1921A-Inter2-Land3-Local4-USStateStates, US5-ApplicationThis article documents the current situations and trends of regionalism in the West. Discuss the accomplishment and pitfalls of regional initiatives, and offer some strategies to promote regionalism. The article concludes that regionalism is an important means to sustain communities and land use. Hard as it is when it comes to collaborative leadership, the article called for some specific strategies to support and promote regionalism.Jessica
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3b5b010stlo7. (2007, December 7). Judge Fisher rules against schools and for unfair plan. Retrieved March 5, 2012, from RochesterTurning: http://rochesterturning.com/2007/12/10/judge-fisher-rules-against-schools-and-for-unfair-plan/1F-Tax2-Tax3-County4-USStateState of New York
Monroe County and jurisdictions including, City of Rochester, 19 towns, 11 villages and 24 school districts
5-ApplicationIn 2007, Monroe county adjusted the Morin-Ryan agreement of 1985, cutting allocations to school districts in half. 24 school districts filed a lawsuit claiming that the county had violated state laws governing local tax dollar distribution.
The county won the suit on December 7, 2007, to which this blog posting illustrates the local reaction to the suit.
Jessica
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3d5b011Brooks: Budget Crisis Solved; Property Taxes Cut; Negative Watch Removed. (2007, November). Retrieved March 2012, from Monroe County : http://www.monroecounty.gov/brooks_budget_crisis_solved_property_taxes_cut_negative_watch_removed1F-Other2-Tax3-County4-USStateMonroe County
State of New York
5-ApplicationMonroe County Executive Maggie Brooks, announced the reduction of county spending, the decrease in property tax, and projection of a fund balance for the 2008 budget - all while the county keeps vital services intact. The press release mentions the budget holds true to the 1985 Morin-Ryan agreement, to which the county shares half off all countywide sales tax revenue collected to the City of Rochester. Jessica
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3a10f012Moon, M. J. (2001). Cultural Governance: A Comparative Study of Three Cultural Districts. Administration & Society, 33(4), 432-454.
1F-Cultural2-Economic3-Special4-USStateCultural Asset Districts in:
Colorado
Pennsylvania
Missouri
5-ApplicationThis study examines three "Cultural Asset Districts" across three states: Scientific and Cultural Facilities District (SCFD) in Colorado, the Metropolitan Zoological Park and Museum District (MZPMD) in Missouri, and the Allegheny Regional Asset District (ARAD) in Pennsylvania. The study suggests three areas important for success in governing Cultural Asset Districts strategic coalitions between cultural stake-holders, healthy city-county partnerships, and stable funding mechanisms.Jessica
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4a15b013Briem, C. (n.d.). Some Major City-County Consolidation Referenda in the 20th Century. Retrieved March 2012, from University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh: http://www.briem.com/frag/CityCountyReferenda.htm1S-City-county2-Other3-County4-USStateUnited States5-ApplicationThe link contains a document listing the city-county consolidation referendas attempted by governments in the 20th century. The site indicates the year of the referenda, city, county, state, and whether the referenda passed or failed.
Jessica
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3a5b014Jensen, B. K., & Turner, J. W. (2000). Act 77: Revenue Sharing in Allegheny County. Government Finance Review , 17-21.1F-Cultural2-Tax3-County4-USStateAllegheny County, Pennsylvania
Allegheny County Regional Asset District
City of Pittsburgh
5-ApplicationThis article recounts the establishment of the Allegheny County Regional Asset District (ARAD) in 1994 through Act 77. This legislation allowed for the use of an optional sales tax of 1 percent in Allegheny County, generating revenue to support the counties cultural assets, the eight councils of county government, and to provide new revenue for local government tax relief. This article specifically focuses on the use of the new funds to provide additional revenue for local government tax relief, shifting away from high property tax and "nuisances" taxes as well as redistributing funds to poor municipalities. Jessica
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2a5b015Farmer, J. (2010). County Government Choices for Redistributive Services. Urban Affairs Review, 47(1), 60-83. 1A-Urban2-Tax3-County4-USState5-TheoryThis article seeks to examine factors that influence county government preferences for redistributive policies. An analysis of county services in 2007 reveals that political economic and political institutional influences stimulate redistributive service choices. Not only do these influences promote the provision of redistribution, but they also carry important implications for choices to internalize versus outsource production efforts. State-level influences and the reformed government structure consistently stimulate both the provision and internal production of redistributive services. Moreover, the findings suggest that the politics of redistribution as commonly understood for cities has different implications when applied to the environments of counties.Jessica
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1c10d016Ataöv, A., & Eraydin, A. (2010). Different Forms of Governance: Responses to Two Metropolitan Regions in Turkey to State Restructuring. Urban Affairs Review, 47(1), 84-128. 1C-IP2-Economic3-MPORegion4-DevelopedTurkey, Izmir, Antalya5-BothImportant differences have recently become apparent in the forms of governance being implemented in different metropolitan regions, even among those within the same country. A number of theoretical debates attempt to explain the nature of these differences, emphasizing the importance of structural factors as well as embedded economic and social characteristics. This article aims to show that existing theoretical debates are linked by three issues that act as interfaces among them: institutions, flows in the form of material resources and regulatory power, and governance capacity and coalitions. This article explores the emerging forms of governance within the two largest metropolitan regions of Turkey, Izmir and Antalya, taking into consideration these three issues.Jessica
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1b1c017Hawkins, C., & Andrew, S. (2011). Understanding Horizontal and Vertical Relations
in the Context of Economic Development Joint Venture Agreements. Urban
Affairs Review, 47(3), 375-412.
1C-CPC2-Economic3-Local4-USMetroBoston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA; Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY; Columbus, OH; Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH; Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI; Salt Lake City, UT; Riverside-San Bernardino, CA; Denver-Aurora, CO; San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA; Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL; Houston, TX; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL5-TheoryInstitutional Collective Action theory provides various avenues for cooperation of localities in economic development activities. This paper aims to understand the mitigation of collective action dilemmas in the formation of a joint venture between different levels of government and local and regional institutions. When vertical relations are present, perceived coordination problems are a greater barrier to joint venture formation. Similarly, coordination problems are perceived to be more problematic than defection problems when local governments have horizontal relations. The statistical analysis outcomes further highlight potential role relations that institutional actors can play to diminish collective action dilemmas.Jessica
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1a13c018Sharp, E., Daley, D., Lynch, M. (2011). Understanding Local Adoption and
Implementation of Climate Change Mitigation Policy. Urban Affairs Review,
47(3), 433-457.
1C-MPO2-Climate3-Local4-USMetro50% sampling of all municipalities in the US with a population of at least 100,0005-TheoryThe study focuses on the International Council on Local Environmental Initiatives
(ICLEI) and local governments that have signed on to the initiative. Evidence shows that fiscally strapped municipalities are more likely to sign on to ICLEI because of the presence of cobenefits, but realizing the city's commitment to climate change protection is greatly impacted by internal financial resources. Environmental nonprofit prevalence helps shape city progress in achieving ICLEI milestones, but only in mayor-led cities. The statistical results show a mix of budgetary factors, governing institutions, organized interests, and longevity in the network help explain which cities do more and which cities do less in terms of climate protection action.
Jessica
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2d1C019http://uar.sagepub.com/content/47/2/2561A-Other2-Housing3-Local4-Europe4 case studies:
- Bristol, England
- Bergen, Norway
- Heidelberg, Germany
- Cinisello Balsamo, Italy
5-BothThe article asks how political leadership and community involvement together can contribute to legitimate and effective policy making in the context of urban governance. Particularly, the question is discussed if the interplay between both increases capacities for governing localities. Conceptually, this is based on Jessop’s assumption that every mode of coordination is failure prone and that there is a need for enduring “metagovernance.” The concept of metagovernance is then linked with considerations on institutional contexts and a comparison of four case studies, situated in different contexts. Whereas the case studies can show different practices or failures of metagovernance in the interaction between political leaders and involved societal actors, the institutional contexts are shown to more or less facilitate these practices. The cases focus on urban regeneration projects.Jessica
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2c14c020Nelson, K.L. & Nollenberger, K.(2011). Conflict and Cooperation in Municipalities: Do Variations in Form of Government Have an Effect?. Urban Affairs Review 47(5), 696-7201A-Inter2-Sustainability3-Local4-USState5-ApplicationThis study uses an expanded typology of local government form and additional independent variables to determine what factors are likely to lead to conditionsconductive to cooperation and lower perceived conflict in the local governance process. Their results suggest that form of government and proportion of council members elected by district are two factors that significantly influence governance at the local level.Jessica
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1a10d021Lee, I., Feiock, R., & Lee, Y. (2012). Competitors and Cooperators: A Micro-Level Analysis of Regional Economic Development Collaboration Networks. Public Administration Review, 72(2), 253-262.1C-MPO2-Economic3-MPORegion4-USMetroKissimmee–Orlando metropolitan area5-TheoryThis article explores the relationships between competitive/cooperative motivations and policy communication through informal policy networks among local governments using a network survey conducted in the Orlando, Florida, metropolitan area.Unlike extant research in public administration that focuses primarily on macro-level determinants such as institutional and environmental factors related to collaborative networks among local governments, this article emphasizes micro-level explanations for the emergence of informal networks for economic development. The central hypothesis that they test is that both strong perceptions of competition and strong perceptions of cooperation produce proactive approaches to collaborate on economic development issues. Jessica
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2a9d022Leyden, K.M., Goldberg, A & Michelbach, P.(2011). Understanding the Pursuit of Happiness in Ten Major Cities. Urban Affairs Review1A-Urban2-Recreation3-MPORegion4-MultiMetroNew York, London, Paris, Stockholm, Toronto, Milan, Berlin, Seoul, Beijing, and Tokyo.5-ApplicationThis research suggests that self-reported happiness of city residents is associated with important aspects of their built environments and the way these places are maintained. People also care about the places in which they live and how those places are maintained.Jessica
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1a10d023McFarland, C., McConnell, K., & Hoene, C. (2012). Commentary on “Competitors and Cooperators: A Micro-Level Analysis of Regional Economic Development Collaboration Networks”. Public Administration Review, 72(2), 263-264.1C-MPO2-Economic3-MPORegion4-USMetroTrade Development Alliance of Greater Seattle (TDA)5-ApplicationThe authors use TDA area as an example to illustrate how the local governors and stakeholders make efforts to realize their community’s economic development goals with a collaborative approach.Jessica
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1c1c024Mukhija, Vinit, Lara Regus, Sara Slovin, and Ashok Das. "Can Inclusionary Zoning Be An Effective and Efficient housing Policy? Evidence From Los Angeles and Orange Counties." Journal of Urban Affairs 32.2 (2010): 229–252. Print.1C-IP2-Housing3-Local4-USStateLos Angeles and Orange Counties5-ApplicationThe authors evaluate the inclusionary zoning programs in Los Angeles and Orange Counties through their structure and elements, effectiveness in delivering affordable housing, and effect on housing markets and supply. They give the conclusion that if inclusionary zoning programs are designed as mandatory, flexible, and with suitable in-lieu fees, the policy can be very effective and efficient housing policy for local governments.Jessica
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2b10d025Hanson, Royce, Harold Wolman, David Connolly, Katherine Pearson, and Robert Mcmanmon. "Corporate Citizenship and Urban Problem Solving: The Changing Civic Role of Business Leaders in American Cities." Journal of Urban Affairs 32.1 (2010): 1–23. Print.1A-Regional2-Economic3-MPORegion4-USMetro5-ApplicationThe article begins by looking briefly at changes in the economies of some metropolitan regions over past years, including shifts in their industrial structure and the rise and fall of Fortune 500 firms headquartered in the regions’ main city. It then examines how these economic shifts have affected the level and character of participation in local and regional public affairs by corporate CEOs, focusing particularly on the loss of hometown bankers; the rise in managerial regencies; the role of nonprofits; changing CEO-organization memberships and connections with local chambers; and increasingly regional agendas and governance partnerships. The article concludes by discussing the implications of these changes for the capacity of cities and urban regions to address major urban problems.Jessica
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4d10c026Brown-Saracino, Japonica, and Cesraea Rumpf. "Diverse Imageries of Gentrification: Evidence from Newspaper Coverage in Seven U.S. Cities, 1986–2006." Journal of Urban Affairs 33.3 (2011): 289–315. Print.1S-Other2-Economic3-Local4-USStateNew York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, San Diego, and Dallas5-TheoryThis article choose a seldom chosen aspect to the definition and mutable use of the term “gentrification.” In the end, it also calls for further studies and analyses on this topic. Jessica
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4a10b027Downey, D. J.& Smith, D. A.(2011). Metropolitan Reconfiguration and Contemporary Zones of Transition: Conceptualizing Border Communities in Postsurburban Califoria. Journal of Urban Affairs, 33(1), 21-441S-City-county2-Economic3-County4-USStateOrange County, Costa Mesa5-ApplicationIn the near-century metropolitan areas have been fundamentally reconfigured by processes such as suburban expansion, demographic diversification, and economic transformation. This article explains how those reconfigurations have generated new zones of transition, based on a new spatial logic shaped by fundamental tension between polarization and proximity that simultaneously push groups apart and force them together.Jessica
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2a13c028Krause, R. M. (2011). Policy Innovation, Intergovernmental Relations, and the Adoption of Climate Protection Initiatives by U.S. Cities. Journal of Urban Affairs, 33(1), 45-601A-Urban2-Climate3-Local4-USState5-ApplicationA multilevel model is developed to examine the factors influencing over 900 U.S. cities to eschew free-rider tendencies and formally commit to greenhouse gas reduction. Multilevel analysis recognizes the nested structure of cities within states and accounts for the shared economic, political, and policy environments experienced by cities within the same state. The level of initiative state governments have taken toward climate protection varies considerably, and the influence of different state policies on related local decisions is empirically exmined.Jessica
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2d15c029Adams, B. E.& Schreiber, R.(2011) Gender, Campaign Finance, and Electoral Success in Municipal Elections. Journal of Urban Affairs, 33(1), 83-971A-Other2-Other3-Local4-USStateNew York, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco, Louisville, Seattle, Lexington5-TheoryThis article explores electoral and fundraising patterns in mayoral and council elections in seven cities. Similar to state and federal elections, women do just as well as men when they seek office but fewer women run. Further, of the women who do mount campaigns their backgrounds are quite similar to male candidates, raise comparable amounts of campaign funds, and receive contributions from the same resources. In general, there are few differences between male and female.Jessica
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2d10c030Rosdil, Donald. (2010). Testing cultural and economic explanations for local development policies: the competing claims of security, distress, and nontraditional subcultures. Journal of Urban Affairs, 32 (1), 105-130.1A-Other2-Economic3-Local4-USState5-TheoryA particularly compelling aspect of the debate about the interrelationship of economic conditions and culture, at least for political scientists, concerns their joint impact on local policy decisions. Do cities that hold business investors accountable for the social and environmental costs of growth rely upon unconventional ways of life for support? Or, conversely, does the presence
of cultural traditionalists encourage a city to adopt a pro-business approach to development choices? Finally, how do cultural behavior or beliefs and economic conditions jointly influence a city’s willingness to adopt various types of development policies? The objective of this article is to examine all these questions using a sample of large U.S. cities. But before doing so, the article will first explain how taking cultural factors into account in
explanations of urban decision making helps to make sense of progressive outcomes that political economy models have struggled to explain.
Jessica
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1c12c031McGinnis, D., & Ostrom, E. (2011). Reflections on Vincent Ostrom, Public Administration, and Polycentricity. Public Administration Review. 72(1), 15-25. 1C-IP2-Safety3-Local4-USMetro5-TheoryAmong Vincent Ostrom's many contributions to the study of public administration, policy, and political science, the concept of polycentricity remains his single most important legacy. This essay locates the origins of this concept in Ostrom's early research on resource management in the Western United States and demonstrates its continuing influence throughout The Intellectual Crisis in Public Administration, The Political Theory of a Compound Republic, and his other major publications. Although typically pigeonholed within the confines of the public choice tradition, Ostrom's body of work should be widely appreciated as an early statement of the critical importance of network forms of governance in democratic societies.Jessica
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1a10c032Smith, J. (2010). "Re-Stating" Theories of Urban Development: The Politics of Authority Creation and Intergovernmental Triads in Postindustrial Chicago. Journal of Urban Affairs. 32(4). 425-448. 1C-MPO2-Economic3-Local4-USStateChicago5-BothState governments and special-purpose authorities, together with city governments and private-sector actors, play a crucial role in building contemporary urban development partnerships, or intergovernmental triads. Such triads significantly shape decision-making outcomes, and yet existing theories and case studies of urban development overlook these formal coalitions. Three cases from Chicago are examined in which the intergovernmental triad arrangement was utilized in attempts to reach development goals: the city's attempt to host the 1992 World's Fair, the construction of a new stadium for the Chicago White Sox, and Navy Pier's redevelopment. Using archival and interview data, the article traces events involving local and state governments that lead to the creation of special-purpose authorities to manage development projects. The study concludes that current theories cannot explain such outcomes and must be adapted to account for the critical role of authorities and states.Jessica
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2c3c033Leroux, K., & Carr, J. (2009). Prospects for Centralizing Services in an Urban County: Evidence from Self-Organized Networks of Eight Local Public Services. Journal of Urban Affairs. 32(4). 449-470. 1A-Inter2-Transportation3-Local4-USMetroDetroit 5-ApplicationNetworks of interlocal agreements (ILAs) provide a way for municipal governments in a fragmented region to cooperate on services, and these networks may be especially likely to form when local government officials are linked through interpersonal networks. Drawing on insights from Williams’ Lifestyle Model of Metropolitan Politics and Frederickson’s theory of administrative conjunctions, this paper uses network analytic methods to examine the structure of ILA networks, and to assess the impact of governing officials’ interpersonal networks on the probability of ILAs forming between cities. Four-four local governments in the Detroit metropolitan area provide the context for this study. Our findings show that these municipalities cooperate more extensively for system maintenance functions, such as for transportation infrastructure and public works. More importantly, we find that any given cluster of municipalities has an increased probability of cooperating through ILAs when their senior administrators participate in the same local professional associations. The same effects hold true for elected executives’ networking with counterparts, and for some functions, these electoral conjunctions serve as even stronger predictors of ILA usage than administration conjunctions.Jessica
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1a10c034Hawkins, C. (2010). Competition and Cooperation: Local Government Joint Ventures
for Economic Development. Journal of Urban Affairs, 32(2), 253-275.
1C-MPO2-Economic3-Local4-USMetroBoston-Cambridge-Quincy MA; Buffalo-Niagara Falls NY; Columbus OH; Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor OH; Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis WI; Salt Lake City UT; Riverside-San Bernardino CA; Denver-Aurora CO; San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont CA; Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-Miami Beach FL; Houston TX; Tampa-St. Petersburg- Clearwater FL5-TheoryLocal governments increasingly use voluntary cooperative arrangements for economic development. Findings show that local governments will more likely overcome transaction costs and form a joint venture when officials trust other regional governments and they conform to informal expectations of reciprocity. Endogenous resources and frequent communication increase the probability of cooperative efforts. Larger and fragmented groups undermine the likelihood of collective action.Jessica
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1c2c035Nguyen, M. (2009). Why do Communities Mobilize Against Growth: Growth
Pressures, Community Status, Metropolitan Hierarchy, or Strategic
Interaction? Journal of Urban Affairs, 31(1), 25-43.
1C-IP2-Land3-Local4-USStateCalifornia5-TheoryThe study compares low-income, middle-income, and high-income suburbs and the variables contributing to community mobilization through ballot box growth controls in the state of California. Low-income suburbs are found to be many times more likely to vote for growth controls than other suburb types. Results showed mixed support for the local growth pressures hypothesis and no support for the metropolitan hierarchy thesis.Jessica
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1a10c036Pastor, M., Lester, T., & Scoggins, J. (2009). Why Regions? Why Now? Who Cares?
Journal of Urban Affairs, 31(3), 269-296.
1C-MPO2-Economic3-Local4-USMetro5-TheoryData indicates that regionalism is important in addressing social equity and has risen in importance in the last several decades. When locally supporting growth is simply not enough to tackle equity issues, a regional agenda is necessary. Efficiency concerns (e.g. transportation cooperation, government fragmentation, and high suburban employment levels) impel business interests; concerns which are more easily tackled by a regional collective.Jessica
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3d5a037Horan, C. (2009). THe Politics of Competitive Regionalism in Greater Boston. Journal of Urban Affairs. 31(3). 349-369. 1F-Other2-Tax3-State4-USStateBoston 5-BothNeil Brenner argues that contemporary scholarship often neglects the changing contexts of regionalism and thus overstates the possibilities for organizing new political responses to changing economic conditions. Drawing on Brenner's analysis, this paper examines the politics of regionalism in Greater Boston, a metropolitan area where state government plays the dominant role in policymaking. It examines how state elected officials have responded to the region's volatile economic context, and in particular how they have attempted to enhance the region's competitive advantage through tax cuts, deregulation and downsizing government. Their successes, however, have complicated efforts to reform local land use regulation, an issue increasingly seen as central to the region's economic future.Jessica
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1b0c038Provan, K., & Lemaire, R. (2012). Core Concepts and Key Ideas for Understanding Public Sector Organizational Networks: Using Research to Inform Scholarship and Practice. Public Administration Review, 72(5), 638-648. 1C-CPC2-Other3-Local4-USState5-TheoryThis article provides an overview of the key research findings and core concepts on the topic of organizational networks. The primary focus is on goal-directed “whole” service delivery networks, which are prevalent in the public and nonprofit sectors. The findings and ideas presented are especially salient for helping public managers build, maintain, operate, and govern multiorganizational networks in ways that will enhance their effectiveness. Because research and theory on networks extend well beyond the boundaries of public management and administration, the authors draw on thinking from a number of fields, providing a broad understanding of public networks and network functioning. The article is intended to provide usable information on networks for both practitioners and students, as well as to suggest directions for future research for the many public management scholars who now study organizational networks.Jessica
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3d5a039Bae, S., & Moon, S. (2012). Economic Effects of State-Level Tax and Expenditure Limitations. Public Administration Review, 72(5), 649-658. 1F-Other2-Tax3-State4-USState5-ApplicationAs a result of devolution, state governments have taken on greater responsibility for financing and providing public services. Increasingly, states have adopted state-level tax and expenditure limitations (TELs) to manage the growth and size of state budgets. The adoption of TELs is supported by claims that they have a positive effect on state economies, although such claims lack empirical evidence and have been contested by several scholars. Despite the ongoing debate about validating the actual economic effects of state-level TELs, there is a lack of empirical assessments of their effects. The empirical results of this article indicate that the presence of state-level TELs has a negative effect on the level of employment but no effect on the state's personal income per capita. The presence of state-level TELs has no effect on either the growth of personal income per capita or the growth of employment.Jessica
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2d1d040Timberlake, J. M., Howell, A. J., & Staight, A. J. (2010). Trends in the suburbanization of racial/ethnic groups in U.S. Metropolitan Areas, 1970 to 2000. Urban Affairs Review, 47 (2), 218-255.1A-Other2-Housing3-MPORegion4-USStateMetropolitan Areas5-TheoryThis research examines recent trends in suburbanization for non-Latino Whites, Blacks, and Asians, and Latinos of all races. Starting point is the finding that the twentieth century was marked by three major demographic trends that dramatically altered the racial/ethnic composition and spatial location of the U.S. population: Great Migration from Blacks from 1910 - 1970 from rural parts into the cities (1), the rapidly increasing immigration from countries with Asian, especially Latino population (2), and the trend that suburbs became the dominant living arrangement for U.S.Americans (3). The article then inquires about the extent to which racial and ethnic minorities have become suburbanized fro 1970 to 2000 and to ask what MA-level factors may account for this change.Jessica
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1a15d041MATKIN, DAVID, and GEORGE FREDERICKSON. "METROPOLITAN GOVERNANCE: INSTITUTIONAL ROLES AND INTERJURISDICTIONAL COOPERATION." Journal of Urban Affairs 31.1 (2009): 45-66. Print.1C-MPO2-Other3-MPORegion4-USMetroKansas City metropolitan area5-ApplicationThis paper uses a one-shot prisoner’s dilemma experiment among the elected and administrative officials in Kansas City metropolitan area to indicate their willingness to participate in a metropolitan-level technology project. Embedded within a questionnaire to evaluate how jurisdictionally based institutional roles. The authors find elected executives to be particularly supportive of the proposed project. They also find that local government officials are likely to consider the expected benefits to the residents of other jurisdictions when deciding whether their government will participate in an interjurisdictional project.Jessica
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2b14d042Lindstrom, B. (2010). The Metropolitan Mayors Caucus: Institution Building in a Political Fragmented Metropolitan Region by Bonnie Lindstrom. Urban Affairs Review, 46, 37-671A-Regional2-Sustainability3-MPORegion4-USMetroChicago metropolitan region5-ApplicationThis research is a case study of the development of the Mayors Caucus as a new institution established to overcome the region's extreme government fragmentation and decades of city-suburban hostility.Jessica
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2b2d043Lewis, N. M. (2010). Grappling with Governance: The Emergence of Business Improvement Districts in a National Capital. Urban Affairs Review, 46, 180-2171A-Regional2-Land3-MPORegion4-USMetroWashington, D.C.5-ApplicationBusiness improvement districts (BIDs) are typically considered an innovation means of improving urban area or at the very least a benign intervention of business owners to draw new consumers, but the case of Washington, D.C., shows that BIDs are also an increasing entrenched neoliberal institution promoted by state restructuring and interurban competition. Using a mixed-methods approach that integrates irban governance theory, performance metrics, and interviews with BID and D.C. government officials, this study finds that Washington's BIDs have promoted revitalization but also pose concerns about limited public accountability, exacerbated socioeconomic and spatial inequalities, and further retreat of the municipal government.Jessica
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4c14c044Andersen, O. J.& Pierre, J. (2010). Exploring the Strategic Region: Rationality, Context, and Institutional Collective Action. Urban Affairs Review, 46, 218-2401S-Mergers2-Sustainability3-Local4-USState5-TheoryThe article elaborates the concept of strategic regions which refer to bottom-up processes of inter-local cooperation.Jessica
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1c10d045Feiock, Richard , In Won Lee, Hyung Jun Park, and Keon-Hyung Lee. "Collaboration Networks Among Local Elected Officials: Information, Commitment, and Risk Aversion." Urban Affairs Review 46.2 (2010): 241-262. Print.1C-IP2-Economic3-MPORegion4-USState40 city and country in the four countries (Lake, Orange, Osceola, Seminole) within the Orlando, Florida 5-TheoryThe article discuss about Institutional collective action (ICA) problems with an exponential random graph (p*) model to test if network structures are more likely to emerge in self-organizing economic development networks among local elected officials.The results has confirmed that when there are greater commitment risks to collaboration, the actors are more likely to create mechanisms that can enhance trustworthiness to resolve cooperative problems.Jessica
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4d15c046Nelson, K., & Svara, J. (2010). Adaptation of models versus variations in form: Classifying structures of city government. (Vol. 45, pp. 544-562). Urban Affairs Review. Retrieved from http://uar.sagepub.com/content/45/4/5441S-Other2-Other3-Local4-USStateU.S. cities with a population of over 10,000 people.5-ApplicationThe authors of this study investigated the different forms of local government structures existing throughout the United States. Through their research, they discovered that many differences existed in terms of local government classification, partly due to the fact that there appears to be no central way to classify city governments. Through data collection, the authors formulated a new classifcation system to catalogue local governments ranking levels of political leadership and professional autonomy. Jessica
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2c14a047Owens, M. L. (2010). Public support for the "regional perspective": A consideration of religion,. (Vol. 45, pp. 745-774). Urban Affairs Review. Retrieved from http://uar.sagepub.com/content/45/6/7451A-Inter2-Sustainability3-State4-USStateMetropolitan areas of Georgia5-TheoryThe author of this publication investigates whether or not religion plays a role in a community's willingness to share resources with neighboring communities that share metropolitan areas. The author that religion at both the individual and organizational level impacts political perspectives and agendas across metropolitan areas, including the desire and necessity to share resources with neighboring communities. Using data from 420 residents in 15 metropolitan areas of Georgia, the author discovered that individuals represented in his data believe that local governments should share resources on a very broad level; however, the support for this sharing declined when specific policy issues such as cross-community redistribution of tax revenues was introduced. The author's findings also suggest that particular religious traditions, especially those of Catholicism and evangelical Protestantism, do, to a degree, affect support for resource sharing across communities. Jessica
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2a15c048Krebs, T., & Pelissero, J. (2010). Urban managers and public policy: Do institutional arrangments influence decisions to initiate policy?. (Vol. 45, pp. 391-411). Urban Affairs Review. Retrieved 1A-Urban2-Other3-Local4-USStateU.S. cities with populations of over 10,000 people. 5-TheoryThe authors of this study test their theory that urban administrators in places with political institutions that generally produce conflict will be less active in policy-making decisions than those managers of places that generally experience less conflict. Using a 1997 survey of administrators in cities with populations of over 10,000 individuals, the authors' findings indicate their hypothesis to be true. The likelihood of administrators to initiate public policy change is often conditioned on the strength of the local government institution. However, administrators are more likely to propose public policy focused on reinventing government in larger cities and in those cities experiencing healthy economies. Jessica
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3d4a049Pallas, A., & Jennings, J. (2010). A multiplex theory of urban service distribution: The case of school expenditures,. (Vol. 45, pp. 608-643). Urban Affairs Review. Retrieved from http://uar.sagepub.com/content/45/5/6081F-Other2-Education3-State4-USStateNew York City5-TheoryThe authors utilize data from school-building level expenditures in New York City over a six year period to investigate the distribution of funds on public education in the city. Their findings show that from year to year, there is substantial stability in funding spent on a per pupil basis, funding is based in some respect on social and economic characteristics of their clients, and that allocation of funding decisions made at a certain level in the bureaucratic chain have the possibility of affecting decisions made at higher levels of the system. Jessica
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4d15a050Lieske, Joel. "American State Cultures: Testing a New Measure and Theory." Publius 42.1 (2012): 108-133. Print.1S-Other2-Other3-State4-USStateNordic Mormon Ang-French Germanic Heartland Rurban Global Border Blackbelt NTIVE-AmerICAN Latin5-ApplicationThis article mainly talking about Lieske's new eleven-dimensional measurement to predict the cultural differences on the political processes, governmental institutions, and public policies of the American states.
Jessica
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5,1c051Gilderbloom, J., Ye, L., Hanka, M., & Usher, K. (2009). Intercity Rent Differentials in the U.S. housing market 2000: Understanding rent variations as a sociological phenomenon. Journal of Urban Affairs, 31(4), 409-430. 1O-Other2-Housing3-Local4-USState5-TheoryThis study extends the intercity rent differentials investigation by Gilderbloom and Appelbaum (1988) in relatively independent housing markets to see how it can be replicated using U.S. census data from the year 2000 against the 1970 and 1980 models with the addition of several new variables to measure its impact on intercity rents. We find that region, race, and climate no longer explain rent differentials in 2000 as it did in the 1980 research, while affirming that a large percentage of old houses and small mom-and-pop landlords causes rents to fall. We find that both the cost of homeownership and the level of household income remain critical factors in explaining the level of median rent across cities. We also find a strong correlation between cities with extensive anti-war activity in the late 1960s and same sex households having higher rents, although more research needs to be done before we argue a causal relationship. We contend that sociology needs to be put back into the equation in order to understand how rents vary from city to city.Jessica
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2a10b052Martin, J., & Jacobson, J. (2008). A County and Its Cities: The Impact of Hennepin
Community Works. Journal of Urban Affairs, 30(3), 309-323.
1A-Urban2-Economic3-County4-USMetroMinneapolis, MN; Hennepin County, MN5-ApplicationHennepin County launched the Hennepin Community Works (HCW) in 1994 to engage the problem of a growing imbalance between the declining prosperity of Minneapolis and suburban municipalities. Five goals were set forth: enhance the tax base; reshape troubled neighborhoods; create jobs; protect green space; and improve transportation. In the eleven years of budgeted work under consideration, 11 of the 19 projects launched by HCW are completed. The impacts brought on by the HCW are an improvement over what any lone-government unit might accomplish. This program suggests new ways of attaining intergovernmental cooperation for simultaneous support of the central city and county areas in other regions.Jessica
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4d5c053Tkacheva, O. (2008). New cities, local officials, and municipal incorporation laws: A supply-side model of city formation. Journal of Urban Affairs, 30(2), 155-174. 1S-Other2-Tax3-Local4-USState5-TheoryThis article develops a framework for analyzing when and why municipal incorporation laws impede or facilitate boundary changes that benefit special interests. This goal is achieved by shifting the attention from demand-side factors—such as wealth, race, and heterogeneity of tastes—behind the formation of municipalities to actors who supply them: city, county, and state officials. I develop a theoretical model that shows that there is an inverse relation between the number of jurisdictions and the size of the constituency of those public officials who review incorporation petitions. I also find that: (1) ceteris paribus, more new municipalities are formed in counties with a large volume of retail trade, and (2) neither state nor local officials can block fiscally motivated incorporations.Jessica
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2d15c054Demir, T., & Reddick, C. (2012). Understanding Shared Roles in Policy and
Administration: An Empirical Study of Council-Manager Relations. Public
Administration Review, 72(4), 526-536.
1A-Other2-Other3-Local4-USMetro5-TheoryThis article aims to expand the understanding of role-sharing between elected officials and public administrators by proposing and testing variables to understand what enhances cross-functional roles. The resulting regressions show promise, but are simply the initiation of such types of study in this area.Jessica
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1b15d055Campbell, D. (2012). Public managers in integrated services collaboratives: What works is workarounds. Public Administration Review, 72(5), 721-730. 1C-CPC2-Other3-MPORegion4-USState5-BothPublic managers in local integrated services collaboratives find that commitment to local partnership goals sometimes requires evading policy directives that are imposed by legislation or bureaucratic superiors. Using data that reveal what is often concealed, the author finds that these workarounds can be defined and identified and that they often revolve around central features of policy rather than marginal details. Workarounds emerge in the space created by certain managerial strategies and dispositions: treating directives as starting points for negotiation, using performance to justify discretion and manage risk, establishing local collaborative goals as an alternative locus of accountability, and distinguishing front-door services from back-door accounting. By aggregating data from clusters of workaround stories, researchers and practitioners can (1) identify policy flaws in need of repair, (2) illuminate tensions in the integrated service ideal, and (3) inform the enduring normative debate over administrative discretion and public accountability.Jessica
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2c5c056Tanguay, G. & Wihry, D. (2008). Voters' Preferences Regarding Municipal
Consolidation: Evidence from the Quebex De-Merger Referenda. Journal
of Urban Affairs, 30(3), 325-345.
1A-Inter2-Tax3-Local4-DevelopedQuebec, Canada5-TheoryThis paper analyzes the results of the 2004 Quebec referenda on municipality mergers in relation to citizen preferences regarding consolidation and fragmentation. The economic theory of optimal jurisdictional size generate their core hypotheses for the empirical model. De-merger is shown to be more likely supported when the merged unit will display different public expenditure levels than the current municipality. If voters expect an increase to taxes, then de-merger garners less support.Jessica
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2a12c057Caruson, K.& Macmanus, S. A. (2012). Interlocal Emergency Management Collaboration: Vertical and Horizontal Roadblocks, Publius, 42(1): 162-1871A-Inter2-Safety3-Local4-USStateFlorida5-TheoryThis study examines the degree to which vertical and horizontal roadblocks to interlocal cooperation persist well after the 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina. perceptions differ significantly by jurisdiction, population size, MSA locaiton, and position.Jessica
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5,15c058Hrast, M. F., & Dolnicar, V. (2012), Sense of community and the importance of values: comparison of two neighborhoods in Slovenia. Journal of Urban Affairs, 34 (3), 317-336 1O-Other2-Other3-Local4-DevelopedLjubljana, Slovenia: Different types of neighborhoods, one a large housing estate and the other a middle-class neighborhood of individual houses.5-TheorySense of community is analyzed in two very different types of neighborhoods in Ljubljana, Slovenia: a large housing estate and a middle-class neighborhood of individual houses. The main research question posed is which individual characteristics are associated with sense of community in the two neighborhoods. A specific addition to current knowledge involves the inclusion of values as important characteristics associated with sense of community. The analysis was made on a quota sample of 337 individuals. Sense of community was shown to be comprised of three factors: (1) contact with neighbors; (2) social control; and (3) attachment. We observed this separately in the two neighborhoods. The analysis showed that values significantly increase the model's explanatory power and that the two neighborhoods differ significantly in terms of which variables are important for sense of community, therefore indicating that this could be highly context-dependent. In addition, qualitative data are used to illustrate the sense of community in the two neighborhoods.Jessica
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1c1b059Setha Low, Gregory T. Donovan, Jen Gieseking. (2011). Shoestring Democracy: Gated Condominiums and Market-Rate Cooperatives in New York. Journal of Urban Affairs. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9906.2011.00576.x1C-IP2-Housing3-County4-USStateNew York City and Nassau County5-BothThis article develops the concept of shoestring democracy as a way to characterize the resulting social relations of private governance structures embedded in two types of collective housing schemes: gated condominium communities and market-rate cooperative apartment complexes. The authors include shoestring democracy as a broad range of behavior utilized to insulate residents from local conflicts and disagreements, and limits rather than promotes political participation. And moral minimalism and a lack of structural and procedural knowledge may insulate residents from local conflicts and disagreement, but also may discourage civic participation.Jessica
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2a4c060Berkman, M. B.& Plutzer, E. (2011). Local Autonomy versus State Constraints: Balancing Evolution and Creationism in U.S. High Schools, Publius, 41(2), 1-261A-Inter2-Education3-Local4-USState5-ApplicationThe study finds that teachers are less responsive to public opinion when state curricular standards are supported by high-stakes testing. Therefore, a general model of how policy implementation can be influenced by local community sentiment and how the architecture of public policy can attenuate responsiveness to local public opinion is offered.Jessica
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2d14c061Richardson, J. J. Jr. (2011). Dillon's Rule is From Mars, Home Rule is From Venus: Local Government Autonomy and the Rules of Statutory Construction, Publius, 41(4), 662-6851A-Other2-Sustainability3-Local4-USState5-TheoryThis article explores the questions surrounding the true nature of Dillon's Rule and its influence, or lack thereof, on local government autonomy. The author explains that Dillons' Rule is a rule of statutory construction, while home rule lacks easy or uniform explanation. The article finds that home rule and Dillon's Rule are neither inapposite nor exclusive. Dillon's Rule exerts limited influence on local government autonomy.Jessica
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2b15a062Papillon, Martin . "Adapting Federalism: Indigenous Multilevel Governance in Canada and the United States." Publius 42.2 (2012): 289-312. Print.1A-Regional2-Other3-State4-OtherCanada and America5-TheoryThis article compares the trajectories of Canadian and American federalism in response to the self-determination claims of indigenous peoples. Building on the literature on institutional change,the author first suggests that both federations have followed similar patterns of institutional adaptation to indigenous claims through the development of multilevel governance (MLG) regimes that are layered over the existing federal structure without altering its foundations. And then he underlines the variations in the two MLG regimes and suggest these differences are the product of specific policy legacies as well as strategic choices made by the indigenous leadership, notably around venue selection.Jessica
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1d13a063Rabe, Berry (2011). Contested federalism and American climate policy. The Journal of Federalism, 41 (3), 494-521.1C-Other2-Climate3-State4-USState5-ApplicationJessica
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3d10a064Zimmermann , Jochen , and Philipp Volmer . "EU Federalism and the Governance of Financial Reporting: Cost and Benefits of Centralized Standard Setting by Jochen Zimmermann, Philipp Volmer :: SSRN." Going to search. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2012. <http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=878114>.1F-Other2-Economic3-State4-Europethe European Union5-TheoryThis paper shows the cause and influence factors on how the current governance level of accounting regulation in Europe is balanced between centralised and decentralised decision making. But to be honest, the structure in this article is not very clear and we cannot see the necessary relationships between the different parts. Moreover, the conclusions and the solutions are not strong enough to explain what should the EU do next, and how can the countries in the EU acted in the future.Jessica
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4b15c065Krueger, S., Walker, R., & Bernick,E. (2011). The Intergovernmental Context of Alternative Service Delivery Choices. Plubius, 41(4), 686-708. 1S-Annex2-Other3-Local4-USState5-TheoryResearch suggests that outsourcing is one way that local governments have to meet rising expectations and unwillingness to pay when resources are constrained. The degree to which resources are constrained is a function not only of local economic and political conditions, but of state rules as well. We build on previous models of local government outsourcing by studying the interaction between state rules and local fiscal, economic, and political conditions. We find that cities in states that place limits on the resources available to local governments choose differently from among the constellation of service provision options than cities in states without such limits.Jessica
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2b5b066Carr, J., & Farmer, J. (2011). Contingent Effects of Municipal and County TELs on Special District Usage in the United States. Plubius, 41(4), 709-733. 1A-Regional2-Tax3-County4-USState5-TheoryThis research examines the joint effects of the tax and expenditure limits states impose on municipal and county governments on the structure of local government in 500 randomly selected U.S. counties. Understanding the contingent effects of these limitations is critical to assessing the consequences of TELs on the structure of local government in communities and the “circumvention” arguments common in this literature. They find evidence of a circumvention effect for restrictive limits on county governments, but not for the limits states place on municipal governments. Also, the findings indicate that the effect of increasing the limits on either government is to mitigate any circumvention effects created by limitations on the other.Jessica
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2c10a067John Kincaid, Carl W. Stenberg. (2011). “Big Questions” about Intergovernmental Relations and Management: Who Will Address Them? Public Administration Review. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2011.02330.x1A-Inter2-Economic3-State4-MultiMetroUnited States, Canada, Switzerland5-TheoryFiscal, administrative, and political tensions among the partners in the federal system have not eased, and perhaps have grown, since the demise of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations inn 1996. Yet no governmental organizational capacity exists to address big intergovernmental questions in an ongoing manner through nonpartisan or bipartisan research, data collection, deliberation, and policy formulation. Jessica
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2b14c068Heike Mayer, Paul L. Knox. (2006). Slow Cities: Sustainable Places in a Fast World. Journal of Urban Affairs. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9906.2006.00298.x1A-Regional2-Sustainability3-Local4-EuropeGermany (Waldkirch, Hersbruck, Schwarzenbruck, and Überlingen)
Italy (the regions of Tuscany and Umbria)
Norway (Levanger and Sokndal)
the United Kingdom (Ludlow and Aylsham)
5-BothThis paper examines the Slow Food and Slow City movement as an alternative approach to urban development that focuses on local resources, strengths, and the unique historical context of a town. It also examines the slow city movement as a strategy to address the interdependencies between goals for economic, environmental, and equitable urban development. The study is placed in the context of globalization and the need to develop urban strategies that promote local distinctiveness and sustainability, which could be applied to both European countries and the United States.Jessica
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1d10d069Miller, D. Y., & Lee, J. H. (2009). Making sense of metropolitan regions: A dimensional approach to regional governance . Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 41(1), 126-145. Retrieved from http://publius.oxfordjournals.org/content/41/1/126.full.pdf html?sid=d70f6dcf-d558-47da-b23a-081adfff80f21C-Other2-Economic3-MPORegion4-USMetroBoston, Pittsburgh, Minneapolis, St. Louis5-TheoryThe authors investigate the emergence of the metropolitan region as a unit of political process. By investigating the regional governance structure of four highly fragmented regions in the Northeast and Midwest, the authors report that the four regions actually have three different structures of regional governance: Fully Integrated, State Centric, and Mixed. While the authors do not attempt to make an argument in favor of one structure over another, they open the door for additional research to be conducted with respect to which model of regional governance works best and why. Jessica
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2d6g070Konisky, D. (2010). Public preferences for environmental policy responsibility . Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 41(1), 76-100. Retrieved from http://publius.oxfordjournals.org/content/41/1/76.full.pdf html1A-Other2-Environment3-Other4-USState5-TheoryAnalyzing survey data from the 2007 Cooperative Congressional Election Study, this article examines citizens’ preferences for assigning policy responsibility for environmental problems to different levels of government. The author's analysis indicates that the general public assumes that more responsibility should be placed on the federal government, especially in large-scale, national issues, such as pollution. However, depending on the policy issue being debated, the public would perfer their state or local governments to handle local-level issues, especially any that would impact resource management. Jessica
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3d10d071Hall, J. L. (2010). Giving and Taking Away: Exploring Federal Grants' Differential Burden on Metropolitian and Nonmetropolitan Regions, Publius, 40(2), 257-2741F-Other2-Economic3-MPORegion4-USMetroAlabama, Georgia, South Carolina5-ApplicationThis article examines federal economic development policy implemented through fisal federalism. A new method is developed to determine if burden varies by metropolitan or nonmetropolitan status. It is found that match burden is disproportionately higher in nonmetropolitan areas than in metropolitan areas. Jessica
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2d15g072Kincaid, J., & Cole , R. (2010). Citizen attitudes toward issues of federalism in canada, mexico, and the united states . Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 41(1), 53-75. Retrieved from http://publius.oxfordjournals.org/content/41/1/53.full.pdf html1A-Other2-Other3-Other4-OtherUnited States, Canada, Mexico5-TheoryThe authors explore public opinion and attitude as it relates to various federalism issues in Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The authors hypothesize that cutural, historical, social, and political differences amongst the three countries will affect their attitudes toward federalism. Between 2002 and 2009, the authors conducted national surveys in the three countries, asking individuals about their feelings toward their government as it related to trust in their government and respect that they felt they received from their government, among other questions. Jessica
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2a2b073Davis. C& Hoffer. K(2010). Energy Development in the US Rockies: ARole for Counties?, Publius, 40(2), 296-311
1A-Urban2-Land3-County4-USStateColorado and Montana5-ApplicationThis article analyzes the role played by county commissioners in Colorado and Montana in restricting or facilitating the use of clean energy sources in the generation of electrical power. Many commissioners in both states developed land use policies dealing with renewable energy resources over the preceding five years.Jessica
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3d15g074Wlezian, C., & Soroka, S. (2010). Federalism and public responsiveness to policy . Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 41(1), 31-52. Retrieved from http://publius.oxfordjournals.org/content/41/1/31.full.pdf html1F-Other2-Other3-Other4-DevelopedCanada 5-TheoryThe authors explore the extent of public responsiveness in federal regimes as it relates to welfare spending in Canada. Their analysis suggests that individuals' preferences for spending at the federal level are affected by changes in both federal and provincial spending, and to an equal degree; they suggest, in short, that federalism poses serious problems where public responsiveness is concerned. Jessica
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4c14c075Linder, W.(2010). On the Merits of Decentralization in Young Democracies, Publius, 40(1), 1-301S-Mergers2-Sustainability3-Local4-USState5-TheoryThree features of decentralization proposed by institutional development theory are analyzed for Mozambique's Autarquias, politically autonomous municipalities since 1997. The three issues analyzed in this article are: Consolidation of the fiscal state, democracy, and the development of service quality in the local administration.Jessica
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4d15a076Schneider, S., Jacoby, W., & Lewis, D. (2010). Public opinion toward intergovernmental policy responsibilities . Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 41(1), 1-30. Retrieved from http://publius.oxfordjournals.org/content/41/1/1.full.pdf html1S-Other2-Other3-State4-USState5-TheoryWhile previous research has been conducted on the public's opinion toward governmental responsibility, there seems to be no real concensus on the public's feelings toward a large, national government versus state government. Using the 2006 Cooperative Congressional Election Study, the authors look at data measuring 1,000 Americans general feelings toward local, state, and national government responsibility. According to the findings, American citizens not only want government to take on more responsibilities; they also have strong beliefs about which levels of government should be involved indifferent kinds of policy activities.Jessica
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1c13a077Koliba, Christopher, Russell Mills, and Asim Zia. "Accountability in Governance Networks: An Assessment of Public, Private, and Nonprofit Emergency Management Practices Following Hurricane Katrina." Public Administration Review 71.2 (2011): 201-220. Print.1C-IP2-Climate3-State4-USStateNew Orleans5-ApplicationThis article focus on the complex realities at work within governance networks involving actors spanning sectors and geographic scale, also it shows how accountability structures impact network dynamics.“Agent-based” models can be used to solve the governance network accountability framework。 Jessica
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2d5a078Krueger, S. & Bernick, E. (2009). State Rules and Local Governance Choices. Publius:
The Journal of Federalism, 40(4), 697-718.
1A-Other2-Tax3-State4-USMetro5-TheoryState-level rules can alter how local government leaders make decisions. The situational complexity is noted because state influence mechanisms are, at times, indirect. When states change methods of resource extraction, cities revamp service providing strategies. Cooperative agreements between cities are more likely when states make other means of achieving policy goals more costly than cooperation.Jessica
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3d5c079Edwards, Mary, and Yu Xiao. "Annexation, Local Government Spending, and the Complicating Role of Density." Urban Affairs Review 45.2 (2009): 147-165. Print.1F-Other2-Tax3-Local4-USStatea sample of 952 cities containing at least 10,000 people that annexed during the decade of 1992–2002, based on U.S. Census Bureau (1992, 2002) and the Geography Division of the U.S Census Bureau (1999-2000).5-ApplicationThis article using models to test and show the effects of annexation on local expenditures and revenues also the role of density in the cost of public service provision. Moreover, it shows us opinions from others and give a conclusion from their own data and models that if annexation is accompanied by higher densities, a municipality will certainly have lower increases in per-capita spending levels.Jessica
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2d15g080Light, P. C. (2011), Federalist No. 1: How Would Publius Define Good Government Today?. Public Administration Review, 71: s7–s14. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1540-6210.2011.02456.x/full1A-Other2-Other3-Other4-USState5-TheoryThis special issue of Public Administration Review, called the Federalist Papers Revised for 21st Century Reality, takes a modern day look and approach at the arguments that the authors of The Federalist Papers made in terms of what "good government" means. It appears that today, Alexander Hamilton's beliefs are being tested, whether because of polarization between different factions or the inability to predict the rise of the administrative state. Jessica
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2d15g081Agranoff, R. (2011), Federalist No. 44: What Is the Role of Intergovernmental Relations in Federalism?. Public Administration Review, 71: s68–s77. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1540-6210.2011.02464.x/full1A-Other2-Other3-Other4-USState5-TheoryConnections between governments were of particular concern in historical confederations, as the essays in the Federalist Papers reveal. Indeed, it was partially “flaws” in the connective setup among historical confederate systems, along with those of the American Articles of Confederation, that led Publius to justify an entirely new form, that of the modern federation. This hybrid allowed, as Federalist No. 44 makes clear, for a national government to have its own revenue sources, a set of general powers, and the ability to act directly on the people, along with the ability to act on and through its constituent units. This article discusses this structure in greater detail. Jessica
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4d12f082BOLLENS, S. A. (2007), URBAN GOVERNANCE AT THE NATIONALIST DIVIDE: COPING WITH GROUP-BASED CLAIMS. Journal of Urban Affairs, 29: 229–253. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9906.2007.00341.x/abstract1S-Other2-Safety3-Special4-EuropeBasque Country and Barcelona, Spain
Sarajevo and Mostar
Bosnia-Herzegovina
5-TheoryThe author investigates four different settings and scenarios of locations that have experienced intergroup conflict, war, and major social transformation to see how local governance and urbanism address group differences. The author discovers that urban areas can constitute unique and essential peace-building resources that can be used to transcend nationalist divides. Urban interventions aimed at creating inter-group coexistence can play distinct roles in societal peace building and constitute a bottom-up approach that supplements and catalyzes top-down diplomatic peace-making efforts.Jessica
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4d15c083Blatter, J. K. (2006), GEOGRAPHIC SCALE AND FUNCTIONAL SCOPE IN METROPOLITAN GOVERNANCE REFORM: THEORY AND EVIDENCE FROM GERMANY. Journal of Urban Affairs, 28: 121–150. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0735-2166.2006.00264.x/abstract1S-Other2-Other3-Local4-EuropeWest Germany 5-TheoryThe author studies six West German metropolitan areas that have recently undergone metropolitan governance reforms in an attempt to identify the way that the world is shifting in terms of emerging institutions of metropolitan governments. The findings show that there is a general trend to create soft institutions of governance on a larger scale as a reaction to global competition and continental integration. The regions which are strongly embedded in the global economy tend toward a “deterritorialized” form of metropolitan governance with rather weak institutions characterized by large geographic scales and functional specialization. In contrast, the regions which are not as much embedded in the global economy have been able to create strong governance institutions on a regional level characterized by a rather small geographic scope.Jessica
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1d2a084Schmidt, S., & Paulsen, K. (2009). Is open-space preservation a form of exclusionary zoning?: The evolution of municipal open-space policies in new jersey. Urban Affairs Review. Retrieved from http://uar.sagepub.com/content/early/2009/02/031C-Other2-Land3-State4-USStateNew Jersey5-TheoryThis article examines the evolving policy context of municipal open-space acquisition in New Jersey. The authors hypothesize that voters’ interest in open-space protection is sensitive to changes in state policy and that municipal acquisition may have exclusionary effects. The authors examine local acquisition practices using three different approaches: voting behavior, municipal acquisition, and parcel-level characteristics of acquired lands. They find that support for preservation is responsive to growth pressures and changing state policy environments. Jessica
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1a6c085Mark Tranel, Larry B. Handlin, Jr. (2006) Metromorphosis: Documenting Change. Journal of Urban Affairs. j.0735-2166.2006.00265.x1C-MPO2-Environment3-Local4-USStateSt. Louis5-BothThis study examines a community development process for achieving revitalization in urban neighborhoods. It reports that community gardens purport to have a wide range of beneficial impacts on their surrounding neighborhoods. The study focused on a series of variables that estimate the well-being of the neighborhoods in general and Garden Impact Areas in particular. Using difference of differences to measure change, the findings of the study record Garden Impact Areas improved in indicators of resident quality of life and neighborhood conditions.Jessica
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2a15b086Jim Faught. (2006). Breaking Up is Hard to Do: Explaining the 2002 San Fernando Valley Secession Vote. Journal of Urban Affairs. j.1467-9906.2006.00301.x1A-Urban2-Other3-County4-USStateSan Fernando Valley;
Los Angeles
5-TheoryIn November 2002 the voters of Los Angeles soundly rejected Proposition F which, if approved, would have authorized the secession of the San Fernando Valley in order to constitute a city independent of Los Angeles. This article attempts to delineate the interplay of social, economic and political conditions related to support for secession. The analysis of the data identifies distinctive social bases of support for secession in the San Fernando Valley that contrast with those outside the region. The results are interpreted in the context of Sonenshein's sescussion of the role of coalition formation in urban politics.Jessica
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1a10c087Richard C. Feiock. (2009). Metropolitan Governance and Institutional Collective Action. Urban Affairs Review. DOI: 10.1177/10780874083240001C-MPO2-Economic3-Local4-USState5-TheoryThis article describes the institutional collective action framework and its application to the study of governance arrangements in metropolitan areas. Regional governance mechanisms are classified by their focus on either collective or network relationships. The concluding discussion identifies the limitations of self-organizing mechanisms and develops a research agenda to investigate the emergence, evolution, and performance of regional governance institutions.Jessica
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1b12d088Andrew, S. (2008). Regional Integration Through Contracting Networks: An Empirical Analysis of Institutional Collection Action Framework. Urban Affairs Review, 44(3), 378-402. 1C-CPC2-Safety3-MPORegion4-USStateOrlando-Kissimmee metropolitan area5-BothThis article advances two general hypotheses, bonding and bridging, to explain the process by which local governments decide whether to enter into contracts. The characteristics of goods and services are important factors in these decisions. In high asset-specificity transactions, the bridging hypothesis predicts local governments will establish ties with only a few “high status” actors, whereas in transactions for services with measurement difficulties, the bonding hypothesis predicts local governments will establish ties with partners of their existing partners to pool resources and reduce commitment risks. The general hypotheses are tested using agreements for law enforcement activities linking 66 actors in the Orlando-Kissimmee metropolitan area during five time periods (i.e., between 1986 and 2003). Using simulation investigation network analysis (SIENA) techniques, this study finds strong statistical support for these hypotheses.Jessica
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1c10c089Ramirez de la Cruz, E. (2009). Local Political Institutions and Smart Growth: An
Empirical Study of the Politics of Compact Development. Urban Affairs
Review, 45(2), 218-246.
1C-IP2-Economic3-Local4-USStateFlorida5-TheoryThis article aims to provide reasons for local governments to adopt smart growth and compact development designs. Analysis of data from Florida suggests that adoption of these practices is hinged on activism from interest groups and how they interact with local government institutions. Direct resident participation is significantly associated with an increase to density bonuses and smart growth zoning instruments.Jessica
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1b5d090McDowell, B. (2011). Reflections on the Spirit and Work of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations. Public Administration Review, 71(2), 161-168. 1C-CPC2-Tax3-MPORegion4-USState5-ApplicationThis article reviews the U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations' (ACIR) origins, history, and accomplishments, and addresses future intergovernmental needs. The ACIR’s accomplishments were substantial, but are largely unavailable today. Lessons learned from the ACIR suggest the need to (1) recreate a network of intergovernmental advocates within the legislative and executive branches of the federal government; (2) restart the information flows and high-level federal, state, and local policy dialogues that withered after the ACIR’s demise; (3) strengthen boundary-crossing institutions capable of addressing metropolitan and multistate problems; and (4) develop new opportunities to achieve public policy outcomes that can be attained only by the cumulative efforts of federal, state, and local governments working together—often with private parties as well.Jessica
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2c15c091Carr, J., LeRoux, K., & Shrestha, M. (2008). Institutional Ties, Transaction Costs, and External Service Production. Urban Affairs Review, 44(3), 403-427. 1A-Inter2-Other3-Local4-USStateMichigan 5-Both We use data describing service production arrangements of cities in Michigan to examine the proposition that service production decisions are conditioned by the communication networks created through institutional linkages in addition to the transaction characteristics of services. We examine three different production options: (1) internal production, (2) joint or complete contracting with another government, and (3) production by a private or nonprofit organization, and find strong support for the expected role of transaction costs in these production choices. We also find that some types of networks created by institutions increase the likelihood that local governments will rely on intergovernmental service arrangements.Jessica
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2d15c092Spence, L., McClerking, H., & Brown, R. (2009). Revisiting Black Incorporation and
Local Political Participation. Urban Affairs Review, 45(2), 274-285.
1A-Other2-Other3-Local4-USMetro5-TheoryThe authors attempt to test the assertion that electing black mayors has a positive effect on the political participation of black people. Their findings suggest that long-term black mayoral may not have a positive influence on local black participation, but it does exhibit an increase in voting for President. Their analysis also shows a direct correlation between black population increases in a city and local black political participation, causal mechanisms are lacking from the model presented.Jessica
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1c2c093Ghitter, Geoff , and Alan Smart. "Mad Cows, Regional Governance, and Urban Sprawl: Path Dependence and Unintended Consequences in the Calgary Region by Geoff Ghitter and Alan Smart." Urban Affairs Review 44.5 (2009): 617-644. Print.1C-IP2-Land3-Local4-Developed metropolitan region of Calgary, Canada5-TheoryThis article are presenting a narrative model of Calgary’s historical development to illustrate how pathways of decision making are intertwined with chance circumstances and systemic processes to produce outcomes with spatial consequences that both constrain and enable particular urban futures. Jessica
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1d14a094Stenberg, C. W. (2011), An ACIR Perspective on Intergovernmental Institutional Development, Public Administration Review, 7(2), 169–1761C-Other2-Sustainability3-State4-USState5-ApplicationThis article traces the creation and demise of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations (ACIR) and assesses the prospects for restoring an ACIRlike capability to the federal system. At least three ingredients in the formula that gave birth to the ACIR in 1959 will need to be present more than 50 years later: (1) support from congressional champions, the president, and public interest groups; (2) visibility and urgency of intergovernmental fi scal and management issues and the need for a permanent intergovernmental presence to address them; and (3) “homework and spadework” to enlist potential conservative and liberal interest group
and think tank backers.
Jessica
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1c3d095Weir, M., Rongerude, J.& Ansell, C. K.(2009), Collaboration Is Not Enough Virtuous Cycles of Reform in Transportation Policy, Urban Affairs Review, 44(4), 455-489 1C-IP2-Transportation3-MPORegion4-MultiMetroChicago and Los Angeles5-ApplicationThis article challenges the premise that horizontal collaboration alone can empower regional decision-making venues. Only by exercising power at multiple levels of the political system can local reformers launch a virtuous cycle of reform that begins to build enduring regional capacities.Jessica
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2a10d096Shearmur, R. & Motte, B.(2009), Weak Ties that Bind: Do Commutes Bind Montreal's Central and Suburban Economies?, Urban Affairs Review, 44(4), 490-5241A-Urban2-Economic3-MPORegion4-DevelopedMontreal5-ApplicationUsing Montreal as a case study, the authors find only weak evidence of commuting ties between particular suburbs and the city center. However, economic functions are distributed unevenly across the metropolitan area. The authors suggest that other connections, such as those generated by occasional consumption activities, interfirm exchanges, and other weak ties could be explored to more fully understand the economic ties between constituent parts of metropolitan areas.Jessica
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1a10d097Osypuk, Th. Galea, S., McArdle, N., & Acevedo-Garcia, D. (2009). Quantifying separate and unequal: racial-ethnic distribution of neighborhood poverty in metropolitan America. Urban Affairs Review, 45 (1), 25-65.1C-MPO2-Economic3-MPORegion4-USStateMetropolitan Areas in the U.S.5-TheoryResearchers measuring racial inequality of neighborhood environment across metropolitan areas have traditionally used segregation measures; yet such measures are limited for incorporating a third axis of information, including neighborhood opportunity. Using Census 2000 tract-level data for the largest U.S. metropolitan areas, the authors introduce the interquartile-range overlap statistic to summarize the substantial separation of entire distributions of neighborhood environments between racial groups. They find that neighborhood poverty distributions for minorities overlap only 27%, compared to the distributions for Whites. Furthermore, the separation of racial groups into neighborhoods of differing poverty rates is strongly correlated with racial residential segregation. The overlap statistic provides a straightforward, policy-relevant metric for monitoring progress toward achieving more equal environments of neighborhood opportunity space.Jessica
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2d15a098Schneider, Saundra . "Who's to Blame? (Mis) perceptions of the Intergovernmental Response to Disasters." Publius 38.4 (2008): 715-738. Print.1A-Other2-Other3-State4-USState5-ApplicationThis analysis shows that the intergovernmental response to Hurricane Katrina collapsed because those involved in the process did not have a clear understanding of their own roles and responsibilities or how the entire governmental response system should operate. Jessica
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1c15a099Charron, Nicholas . "Government Quality and Vertical Power-Sharing in Fractionalized States." Publius 39.4 (2009): 585-605. Print.1C-IP2-Other3-State4-Otheralmost all over the world5-BothHow to devise political institutions and share power in divided societies “is one of the most difficult and important issues of contemporary politics.” (Choudry 2007: 1). This analysis has contributed in evaluating two contrasting constitutional designs for heterogeneous societies—accommodationist and integrationist vertical power-sharing—focusing on their performance with respect to government quality. The results demonstrate that for a number of different QoG indicators, ethno-federations outperform integrationist constitutions at the aggregate level in cases where ethno-linguistic fractionalization is relatively high. Jessica
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