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Fishery Information
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Improvement StatusFisheryFishSource RatingSustainability IssuesImprovement ObjectivesImprovements (2 years)FIP Rating & CommentAdditional Improvement Needs/Comments% of Sector
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)French Polynesia Albacore and Yellowfin Longline Fishery (FAO 71)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAConducted MSC FA and got certified in Sep 2017NANA0.2
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)Fiji albacore tuna longline (FAO 71)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAgot certified in Dec 2012, re-certified in Jan 2018, with components in assessmentNANA0.1
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)Walker Seafood Australian albacore, yellowfin tuna, and swordfish longline (FAO 81)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAgot certified in Dec 2015, with components in assessmentNANA0.01
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)SZLC CSFC & FZLC FSM EEZ Longline Yellowfin and Bigeye Tuna (FAO 77, 81)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAgot certified in June 2015 (yellowfin)NANA0.5
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)SZLC, CSFC & FZLC Cook Islands EEZ South Pacific albacore & yellowfin longlineModerate riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NACertified June 2015NANA0.3
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)MIFV RMI EEZ Longline Yellowfin and Bigeye TunaLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NACertified October 2019NA<0.1
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)US North Atlantic Swordfish fishery, yellowfinModerate riskETP and other bycatch issues0.3
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)North Buru and Maluku Fair Trade fishing associations, Indonesia handline yellowfin tunaHigh riskStatus of yellowfin tunaNAEntered FA February 2019; certified in May 2020NA<0.1
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)Pan Pacific yellowfin, bigeye and albacore longline fishery (FAO 71, 77, 81)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAStarted FA in March 2018, certified in June 2020NA0.5
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Improving (MSC FA)Cook Islands bigeye tuna – longlineHigh riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Management actions to address stock status/harvest controls and bycatch issues to achieve MSC Certification in 2020Started FA in Oct 2017 (bigeye) entered re-certification with other tuna species October 2019NA0.1
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Improving (MSC FA)Kiribati albacore, bigeye and yellowfin tuna longline fisheryHigh riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAEntered FA February 2019NA<1.0
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Improving (MSC FA)Solomon Islands longline albacore and yellowfin tuna fisheryHigh riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAEntered FA January 2019NA0.5
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Improving (MSC FA)Owasebussan Co. Ltd. North Pacific Longline Tuna Fishery for Albacore, Yellowfin Tuna &amp; Bigeye TunaHigh RiskLack of target reference point for bigeye and yellowfin tuna; Lack of harvest control rules; Low observer coverage; Potential ETP interactionsNAEntered FA January 2020NAunknown
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Improving (FIP A-C)Atlantic Ocean tuna - longline (StarKist)Moderate riskFishing mortality rates are above sustainable levels.
Formal reference points and harvest control rules (only interim) have not been adopted.
Observer coverage (required) in the longline fishery is too low (5%).
There continues to be uncertainty surrounding the stock assessment results.
The longline and purse seine fisheries can interact with ETP species
Sustainable Fish Stocks – To ensure tuna and other primary species catches across the Atlantic Ocean do not exceed sustainable levels by 2025.
Minimising Environmental Impacts – To promote the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management by 2025.
Effective Management – To strengthen governance systems in Flag States, RFMO and the fishery by 2025.
Be in a place to enter MSC full assessment in 2025.
FIP started public reporting in fisheryprogress in March 2020; FIP started in Feb 2020.Not yet rated<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Eastern Pacific Ocean tuna - longline (Transmarina)High RiskFishing mortality rates are slighly above sustainable levels.
There are no management measures specific to yellowfin tuna caught by the longline fleet.
There are time/area closures in place for the purse seine fleet but these measures are not sufficient to manage the fish aggregating device (FAD) fishery.
Observer coverage (required) in the longline fishery is low (5%).
Achieve MSC v2.0 Standard certification by 2020.FIP started public reporting in fisheryprogress in Sept 2018; FIP started in Nov 2017.C – all good<0.1
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indian Ocean tuna - longline (Thai Union)HIgh riskYellowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean are overfished and undergoing overfishing. The most recent 2018 stock assessment is more pessimistic than previous assessments. Despite adoption of management measures to reduce catches, catches have actually increased. The most recent assessment had too much uncertainty to suggest what catch limits should be. A number of bycatch species, including sharks, sea turtles and sea birds are incidentally captured in fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna. Observer coverage rates are low in fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna.Achieve sustainable stock status’ for albacore, bigeye and yellowfin that is consistent with the Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) and management systems strengthened to achieve this.
To improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and especially bycatch by strengthening information systems and training.
To collaborate with other institutions working on tuna fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries for example Harvest Control Rules.
Increase observer coverage electronically.
Promote the adoption by the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) and member countries of precautionary and ecosystem-based management measures and encourage the IOTC to adopt management measures that will reduce fishing mortality.
Strengthen ETP and retained species management strategies and reduce bycatch
Promote Malaysia to join the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing as approved by the FAO Conference at its thirty-sixth Session.
Improve governance and decision-making process.
To achieve a certifiable status by 2024.
30 June 2019 — Vessels are being installed with EM over the next year, with currently 20 vessels already having EM installed.
The FIP has started public reporting in fisheryprogress.org in December 2018.
A – all good0.2
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indian Ocean albacore tuna - longline (Bumble Bee/ FCF)
High RiskLack of HS and HCR; ETP issuesRobust harvest strategy in place; improved data on catches including bycatch; improved reporting; Chinese taipei have transparent management systemFIP started Nov 2019Not yet rated<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Banda Sea Yellowfin Tuna - handlineHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
To promote traceability to ensure that the origins and status of tuna products purchased are well-known and all coming from legal fisheries by engaging the supply chains that support improvement
To improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and by catch
To collaborate with other institutions working on tuna fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries.
A socio-economic study of the small scale fishery in the Banda Sea has been completed
Enumerators have been trained and started collecting and submitting data on ETP bycatch species,
Catch data and port sampling landing for 2017 have been submitted to MMAF for analysis
Supporting boat registration
A – all good0.1
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Indian Ocean yellowfin tuna - pole&lineHigh RiskYellowfin tuna status, lack of HS and HCRAchieve MSC within 5 years; promote best practices for one-by-one fisheries; cross-sectoral collaboration; increase transparancy; improve market demandFIP started Nov 2017B – all good0.5
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Western and Central Pacific Ocean yellowfin tuna - pole&lineModerate riskLack of HS and HCRAchieve MSC within 5 years; promote best practices for one-by-one fisheries; cross-sectoral collaboration; increase transparancy; improve market demandFIP started Nov 2017B – all good<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Western and Central Pacific Ocean yellowfin tuna - handline (IPNLF)Moderate riskTimely submissions and data accuracy from some member countries, including Indonesia, Vietnam and the Philippines, has been identified as an issue by the WCPFC Scientific Committee.
Mandated observer coverage rates by the WCPFC in the longline fishery is low (5%) compared to other fisheries (i.e. purse seine, 100%) and many fleets still do not reach this threshold.
Bycatch of ecologically important species such as sharks, sea turtles and sea birds continues to be a problem in many fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna.
Intense fishing practice on FADs resulted in declining of tuna catch over the years because sometimes yellowfin tuna caught were of small size.
Most cases of fisheries in Indonesia are complex and encounter limited data situation while demand sounds having appropriate and acceptable fisheries management at national and international levels (Satria and Sadiyah 2018b).
This fishery improvement effort seeks to achieve the following objectives by the end of 2025:

Implement a work plan to transition these fisheries to operate on par with an unconditional pass of the MSC standard within the prescribed 5-years;
Establish and promote industry best practices for Indonesian handline and one-by-one tuna fisheries;
Support cross-sectorial collaboration that advances the implementation of national and regional sustainable management measures;
Increase transparency of Indonesian handline tuna fishery supply chains;
Improve market demand and market access for Indonesia's handline tuna fisheries;
Demonstrate the benefits of well-managed fisheries that support the livelihoods of coastal communities and sustainable businesses.
FIP started in Dec 2019Not yet rated<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Western and Central Pacific Ocean yellowfin tuna - handlineModerate riskLack of HS and HCRAchieve MSC within 5 years; promote best practices for one-by-one fisheries; cross-sectoral collaboration; increase transparancy; improve market demandFIP started Nov 2017A – all good0.5
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Improving (FIP A-C)Japan albacore tunaModerate RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Objectives to be achieved by September 2022 are:

To have a TRP and other elements of harvest strategies, selected based on MSE, in place for North Albacore stocks managed by the WCPFC.
To have a fishery that is not hindering recovery of depleted main, primary species.
To have a fishery that minimizes impacts on ETP species and habitats.
To have fishery management objectives aligned with WCPFC and MSC principles 1 and 2; and with precautionary decision-making processes in place.
To achieve a level of performance consistent with an unconditional pass of the MSC Standard.
FIP strated in Oct 2017
1 October 2018 — FIP obtained 4 years of catch data (2014-2017) from the fishing vessel and confirmed that bigeye tuna, yellowfin tuna, and Japanese pilchard (bait) are main primary species (information confidential).
3 March 2018 — Increase in PI score 2.4.3
2 March 2018 — Increase in PI 2.3.2. and 2.3.3. scores
C - All good<0.1
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Improving (FIP A-C)Marshall Islands bigeye/yellowfin tuna - longlineHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
By January 2021, this FIP aims to improve fisheries management and practices to a point where the fishery is able to pass an assessment against the MSC fishery standard.≥ 5% of trips are observed through human observers and/or electronic monitoringA – all goodPilot in bycatch guideline implementation0.4
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Improving (FIP A-C)Mozambique & Mauritius tuna and large pelagics - longlineHigh RiskYellowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean are overfished and undergoing overfishing. The most recent 2018 stock assessment is more pessimistic than previous assessments. Despite adoption of management measures to reduce catches, catches have actually increased. The most recent assessment had too much uncertainty to suggest what catch limits should be. A number of bycatch species, including sharks, sea turtles and sea birds are incidentally captured in fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna. Observer coverage rates are low in fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna.Achieve sustainable stock status’ for tuna and swordfish species that is consistent with the Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) and management systems strengthened to achieve this.
To improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and especially bycatch by strengthening information systems and training.
To collaborate with other institutions working on tuna fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries for example Harvest Control Rules.
Increase observer coverage electronically or in person.
Promote the adoption by the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) and member countries of precautionary and ecosystem-based management measures and encourage the IOTC to adopt management measures that will reduce fishing mortality.
Strengthen mahi mahi, ETP and retained species management strategies and reduce bycatch
Improve governance and decision-making process.
To achieve a certifiable status by 2025.
SR Participant Afritex Ventures Ltd hired SFP to assist in FIP scoping and initiation the FIP and contracted Key Traceabilty as FIP implementation lead. The project has been registered as Prospective FIP in fishery progress in Jan 2019 and published its workplan in June 2019, thus started as full FIP thenC- all good<1.0
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Improving (FIP A-C)Pacific Tuna (Vanuatu) - longlineHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
By 2022, this FIP aims to improve fisheries management and practices to a point where the fishery is able to pass an assessment against the MSC fishery standard, incl. stock status consistent with MSY, catch and bycatch data available, Bycatch of TP species reduced and adequately managed, improved governance and decision taking processes, improved traceabilityNew stock assessments for bigeye were released stating that the stock is no longer overfished, nor is overfishing occurring, so no rebuilding timeframe is now necessary. This new stock assessment improves the scores for bigeye across P1 and closes out the action to Analyse WCPFC Stock assessment and Rebuilding timeframe for bigeye.
Confirmed the scope of PI 2.2
Reviewed Assessment of bait species and the impacts the fishery has on the ecosystem
A – all goodPilot in bycatch guideline implementation70.00%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Pacific Ocean tuna - longline (Liancheng)High RiskETP issues and low observer coverage rates. Need to improve traceability and governanceAchieve sustaianble stock status for albacore, bigeye and yellowfin that is consistent with MSY. Improve availability of accurate data. Collaborate with other institutions. Strengthen ETP management. Promote traceability and improve governance. Achieve MSC C by 2024A – all good<1.0
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Improving (FIP A-C)Pacific Ocean tuna - longline (Starkist)High RiskFishing mortality rates are above sustainable levels and the biomass is below sustainable levels
There are no management measures specific to yellowfin tuna caught by the longline fleet.
There are time/area closures in place for the purse seine fleet but these measures are not sufficient to manage the fish aggregating device (FAD) fishery.
Fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna can incidentally capture endangered, threatened and protected species such as sea turtles, sea birds and sharks.
Observer coverage (required) in the longline fishery is low (5%).
Sustainable Fish Stocks – To ensure tuna and other primary species catches across the Pacific Ocean do not exceed sustainable levels by 2025.
Minimising Environmental Impacts – To promote the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management by 2025.
Effective Management – To strengthen governance systems in Flag States, RFMO and the fishery by 2025.
Be in a place to enter MSC full assessment in 2025.
FIP published in fisheryprogress.org in March 2020C<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Pacific Ocean tuna - longline (Fue Shin)High RiskFishing mortality rates are above sustainable levels and the biomass is below sustainable levels
There are no management measures specific to yellowfin tuna caught by the longline fleet.
There are time/area closures in place for the purse seine fleet but these measures are not sufficient to manage the fish aggregating device (FAD) fishery.
Fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna can incidentally capture endangered, threatened and protected species such as sea turtles, sea birds and sharks.
Observer coverage (required) in the longline fishery is low (5%).
FIP Objective(s)
Sustainable Fish Stocks – To ensure tuna and other primary species catches across the Pacific Ocean do not exceed sustainable levels by 2025.
Minimising Environmental Impacts – To promote the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management by 2025.
Effective Management – To strengthen governance systems in Flag States, RFMO and the fishery by 2025.
Overall we aim to meet an unconditional pass of the MSC Standard by April 2025.
FIP published in fisheryprogress.org inApril 2020Not Yet Rated<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Philippines yellowfin tuna - handlineModerate RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Establish vessel registration scheme with BFAR to be applied nationwide by 2020.
Extend FCR implementation from pilot sites to other ARTESMAR® suppliers by 2020.
Define management structures with BFAR to interpret FCR information and create mechanisms for intervention by 2020.
Awareness campaign on reporting secondary and ETP species by 2020.
Organize fishery stakeholders in communities, optimize economics and capacities, and participate in management decisions by 2020.
A catch documentation scheme is in place to report primary, secondary and ETP species on all fishing trips entering ARTESMAR supply chains. All catch data entering ARTESMAR supply chains are stored in digital format for fishery management purposes and are easily accessible.B – all good0.1
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Improving (FIP A-C)Sri Lanka tuna and swordfish - longlineHigh RiskDomestic management is inadequate. Sri Lanka has not reported catch-and-effort data as per the IOTC standards, including separate catch-and-effort data for longline and gillnet and catch-and-effort data for those vessels that operate outside its EEZ.
There are considerable issues with IUU fishing.
Bycatch, incl. of ETP species
YFT Stock Status Overfished in IO: Recent advice calls for a 20% reduction but only a 5-15% reduction in YFT catch (depending on the fleet) has been adopted by the Commission (2016).
Low observer coverage
(1) The Sri Lankan longline fishery is conducted in a manner that does not lead to over-fishing or depletion of the exploited Indian Ocean yellowfin, bigeye and swordfish stocks and, for those stocks that are depleted; the fishery is be conducted in a manner that demonstrably leads to their recovery, by 2019.
(2) Sri Lankan longline fishing operations allow for the maintenance of the structure, productivity, function and diversity of the ecosystem (including habitat and associated dependent and ecologically related species) on which the fishery depends, by 2019
(3) The Sri Lankan longline fishery is subject to a effective management systems that respects local, national and international laws and standards and incorporates institutional and operational frameworks that require use of the resource to be sustainable, socially responsible and economically equitable.
MSC PA published in March 2018;
Orientation and planning actions have been completed for introducing a similar ‘Crew-based Observer Programme’ on 30 Sri Lankan longline vessels registered under the Negombo and Chilaw District Fisheries Office in 2018/19
Revision, update and identification of actions to be implemented under the National Plan of Action for the Management & Conservation of Sharks 2018 - 2022
B – all good3.9
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Improving (FIP A-C)Vietnam yellowfin tuna – longline/ handlineHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
To achieve MSC certification by 2020Documentation of the catch of bigeye tuna, shark, billfish, baitfish and other species in the handline and longline fisheries has been completed.
IUCN/DECAP has prepared a Marine Turtles Action Plan 2015-2020, yet to be approved by MARD
A – all goodPilot in bycatch guideline implementation2.3
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Improving (FIP A-C)Western Central Pacific Ocean tuna - longline (Yaizu)High RiskBycatch, incl. of ETP species
Lack of harvest control rules
Lack of target reference points (WCPO)
Low observer coverage
- Enter MSC Full Assessment by August 2020
- Achieve MSC certification by March 2022
FIP started in Nov 2019Not yet ratedunknown
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Improving (FIP A-C)Western and Central Pacific albacore and yellowfin tuna - longline (Bumble Bee/FCF)High RiskLack of HS and HCR; ETP issuesRobust harvest strategy in place; improved data on catches including bycatch; improved reporting;FIP started August 2019C - All good0.02
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Previous , now inactive FIPsIndonesia Indian Ocean Tuna and large pelagics-longlineHigh RiskBecame part of Indoneisa national tuna FIPMerged
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SR Active Priority
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific Ocean tuna - longlineHigh RiskBycatch, incl. of ETP species
Lack of harvest control rules
Lack of target reference points (WCPO)
YFT overfished in IO
Low observer coverage
Improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and especially bycatch by strengthening information systems and training by 2022.
Increase observer onboard coverage >20 % by 2024.
Ensure decision-making process happens in the relevant research, monitoring, evaluations and consultations by 2022.
To achieve MSC certification by 2024.
FIP published in Dec 2019Not yet ratedContinue with improvement efforts and finalise work planning to start implementation3.3
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SR Improvement TargetIndonesia (non FIP volume)High RiskBycatch, incl. of ETP species
Lack of harvest control rules
Lack of target reference points (WCPO)
YFT overfished in IO
Low observer coverage
Improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and especially bycatch by strengthening information systems and training by 2022.
Increase observer onboard coverage >20 % by 2024.
Ensure decision-making process happens in the relevant research, monitoring, evaluations and consultations by 2022.
To achieve MSC certification by 2024.
A National Longline FIP has been published in Dec 2019, but reports to cover only a fraction of the national longline tuna supply NA
Ensure all Indonesian longliners participate in the FIP
1540.00%
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SR Future Priority
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SR Improvement TargetTaiwan tuna fleet fisheriesHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Catalyse FIPNANASuggest a concept paper is drafted similar to the Korean paper to better understand the fisheries and trade dynamics.17.7
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SR Improvement TargetJapan tuna fleet fisheriesHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Catalyse FIPNANAmarket engagament in Japan - though suggest a concept paper is drafted similar to the Korean paper to better understand the fisheries and trade dynamics.15.9
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SR Improvement TargetKorea tuna fleet fisheriesHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Catalyse FIPNANAA concept paper for a Korean Tuna Strategy has been drafted and will be discussed on 21st Jan610%
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SR Improvement TargetChina tuna fleet fisheriesHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Catalyse FIPNANAmarket engagament in Japan570.00%
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Total76%
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Sustainable1.40%
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Improving13.80%
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SR Active Priority (FIP Catalysation Priorities (Mobilise))15.40%
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SR Future Priority (Leverage Development Priorities (Engage))15.90%
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SR Future Priority (Identify)29.50%
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Targeted 2020 status (Sust/Imp+ SR Active Priority)30,6%
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