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Fishery Information
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Improvement StatusFisheryFishSource RatingSustainability IssuesImprovement ObjectivesImprovements (2 years)FIP Rating & CommentAdditional Improvement Needs/Comments% of Sector
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)French Polynesia Albacore and Yellowfin Longline Fishery (FAO 71)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAConducted MSC FA and got certified in Sep 2017NANA<1%
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)Fiji albacore tuna longline (FAO 71)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAgot certified in Dec 2012, re-certified in Jan 2018, with components in assessmentNANA<1%
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)Walker Seafood Australian albacore, yellowfin tuna, and swordfish longline (FAO 81)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAgot certified in Dec 2015, with components in assessmentNANA<1%
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)SZLC CSFC & FZLC FSM EEZ Longline Yellowfin and Bigeye Tuna (FAO 77, 81)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAgot certified in June 2015 (yellowfin)NANA<1%
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)SZLC, CSFC & FZLC Cook Islands EEZ South Pacific albacore & yellowfin longlineModerate riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NACertified June 2015NANA<1%
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Improving (MSC FA)Cook Islands bigeye tuna – longlineHigh riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAStarted FA in Oct 2017 (bigeye)NA<1%
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Improving (MSC FA)Pan Pacific yellowfin, bigeye and albacore longline fishery (FAO 71, 77, 81)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAStarted FA in March 2018NAVolume not provided
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Improving (MSC FA)SZLC CSFC & FZLC FSM EEZ Longline Yellowfin and Bigeye Tuna (FAO 77, 81)High riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NABigeye tuna in FA 2018NA<1%
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Improving (MSC FA)Kiribati albacore, bigeye and yellowfin tuna longline fisheryHigh riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAEntered FA February 2019NA<1%
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Improving (MSC FA)Solomon Islands longline albacore and yellowfin tuna fisheryHigh riskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
NAEntered FA January 2019NA<1%
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Improving (MSC FA)North Buru and Maluku Fair Trade fishing associations, Indonesia handline yellowfin tunaHigh riskStatus of yellowfin tunaNAEntered FA February 2019NA<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Cook Islands bigeye tuna – longlineHigh RiskBycatch, incl. of ETP species
Rebuilding and harvest strategy to address overfishing
Stock Status overfished
Low observer coverage
Management actions to address stock status/harvest controls and bycatch issues to achieve MSC Certification in 2020Conducted MSC PA in June 2015 and FA in Oct 2017, identified issues with P1, P2 and P3; working with MSC to address in fisheryA – All good(captured above in MSC – FA)
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesian Indian Ocean yellowfin tuna - handlineHigh RiskLack of harvest control rules and TAC for YFT in WCPO
Low observer coverage
Lack of mangement of small scale fisheries
Adoption of TRP for WCPFC for Yellowfin, Skipjack and Bigeye
Developing community based organizations to support management in artisanal fisheries
Data collection system in place for handline fisheries
Development of specific management measures for coastal tuna fisheries (Handline)
Update and implement the Indonesian FAD management plan
Develop harvest strategies for yellowfin, skipjack and tongkol species in Indonesian Archipelagic Waters
Improve data on ETPs, conduct PSAs and based on these develop mitigation measures
Conducted MSC PA in June 2018, identified issues with P1, P2 and P3; working to address in FIP at fishery, regional, national levelC – all good<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Eastern Pacific Ocean tuna - longline (Transmarina)High RiskFishing mortality rates are slighly above sustainable levels.
There are no management measures specific to yellowfin tuna caught by the longline fleet.
There are time/area closures in place for the purse seine fleet but these measures are not sufficient to manage the fish aggregating device (FAD) fishery.
Observer coverage (required) in the longline fishery is low (5%).
Achieve MSC v2.0 Standard certification by 2020.FIP started public reporting in fisheryprogress in Sept 2018; FIP started in Nov 2017.C – all good<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Federated States of Mirconesia (FSM) yellwofin and bigeye tuna - longlineHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Harvest strategies for WCPO bigeye and yellowfin tunas that meet MSC standard are adopted and implemented
Achieve min observer coverage rate, confirm main 2ndry and ETP species, effects on bycatch species, and compliance with mgmt. Measures
Train Captain and Crew in best practices for handling and release of ETP bycatch
Identify opportunities to change gear designs and fishing methods to reduce bycatch rate and implement
WCPFC longline observer guidelines were published on the WCPFC website in 2016
The FSM national observer program began using the most current SPC/FFA pelagic longline observer forms in 2017.
SPC and ISC produced updated north Pacific blue shark stock assessment reports in 2017
In April 2018 the FSM dispute resolution mechanisms was determined by the MSC full assessment team to be adequate and meet the MSC fisheries standard.
Completed and MSC C and MSC FA now<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Hawaii tuna and large pelagics - longlineHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Support the WCPFC to reduce overfishing of bigeye tuna with subregional management measures.
In 2016 and 2017, the FIP is focusing on improving conditions for crew welfare
The fishery is close to meeting the MSC standard and actions are focused on meeting at least a score of 80 on all MSC indicators, including the indicator for the status of bigeye tuna, which is experiencing overfishing at the stock levelB – all good1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia/ Indian Ocean tuna and large pelagics – longlineHigh RiskBycatch, incl. of ETP species
YFT Stock Status Overfished in IO
Low observer coverage
Recent advice calls for a 20% reduction in YFT catch but only a 5-15% reduction (depending on the fleet) has been adopted by the Commission (2016).
IUU fishing and piracy has been a major issue in the Indian Ocean and there are compliance issues with regard to the quality of reported data
No harvest control rules
Improved catch data through improving the quality of logbook submission
Collect data on the retained and bycatch data by using observer onboard and logbook data
Work with the FIP vessels to put the observer onboard
FIP has improved retained and bycatch data reporting as shown in Logbook 2016 and 2017.B – all goodPilot in bycatch guideline implementation<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Western and Central Pacific Ocean yellowfin tuna - pole & lineModerate riskLack of information on potential bycatch issues; bait use and FAD fishingPromote best practices for one-by-one fisheries. implement various sustainability programs through the supply chains; advance implementation of natiaonal and regional management measures; achieve MSC certificationThe FIP started in June 2018
31 March 2019 — FAD numbers and locations have been identified and accounted for in first tranche UoAs, and plotted against bathymetric maps. Information on FADs for first tranche fisheries are available upon request.
ETP species identification guides have been distributed to onboard observers.
5 November 2018 — Indonesian government certified onboard observers have been deployed in all first tranche pole-and-line UoAs. New protocols are in place.
A – all good<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Western and Central Pacific Ocean yellowfin tuna - handlineModerate riskLack of information on potential bycatch issues; bait use and FAD fishingPromote best practices for one-by-one fisheries. implement various sustainability programs through the supply chains; advance implementation of natiaonal and regional management measures; achieve MSC certificationThe FIP started in Nov 2012, but changed scope to single species in July 2018 with publishing a new work plan.
1 April 2018 — A bycatch and ETP catch composition analysis was conducted for the priority UoAs for MSC in 2018.
To date 817 vessels have been registered in the I-Fish vessel registry system. Each vessel is assigned a unique number, called a Vessel Identifier Code (VIC).
Bait fish data collection is ongoing in MDPI data collection sites using I-Fish port sampling protocol, including identification training for enumerators.
29 June 2016 — Vessel registration protocol published and to date 529 vessels have been registered in the IFish vessel registry system.
B – all good<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Indian Ocean yellowfin tuna - pole & lineHigh RiskYellowfin tuna status; lack of information on potential bycatch issues; bait use and FAD fishingPromote best practices for one-by-one fisheries. implement various sustainability programs through the supply chains; advance implementation of natiaonal and regional management measures; achieve MSC certificationThe FIP started in with publication in June 2018.
1 March 2019 — A MMAF hosted a review of the current National Tuna Management Plan (2015-2019) that will expire at the end of this year.
18 February 2019 — Trainings have happened in priority UoAs about ETPs, what they are, mitigation strategies to minimize the catch of ETPs, best practices on handling, and the legal repercussions.
1 January 2019 — ETP species identification guides have been distributed to onboard observers.
31 May 2018 — The industry Code of Conduct that commits AP2HI member supply chains to mitigate the risk of catching ETPs and to undergo the necessary trainings is in effect and audits to the Code of Conduct will continue in Q3 2019.
5 November 2018 — Indonesian government certified onboard observers have been deployed in all first tranche pole-and-line UoAs.
A – all good<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Marshall Islands bigeye/yellowfin tuna - longlineHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
By January 2021, this FIP aims to improve fisheries management and practices to a point where the fishery is able to pass an assessment against the MSC fishery standard.≥ 5% of trips are observed through human observers and/or electronic monitoringA – all goodPilot in bycatch guideline implementation<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Pacific Tuna (Vanuatu) - longlineHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
By 2022, this FIP aims to improve fisheries management and practices to a point where the fishery is able to pass an assessment against the MSC fishery standard, incl. stock status consistent with MSY, catch and bycatch data available, Bycatch of TP species reduced and adequately managed, improved governance and decision taking processes, improved traceabilityNew stock assessments for bigeye were released stating that the stock is no longer overfished, nor is overfishing occurring, so no rebuilding timeframe is now necessary. This new stock assessment improves the scores for bigeye across P1 and closes out the action to Analyse WCPFC Stock assessment and Rebuilding timeframe for bigeye.
Confirmed the scope of PI 2.2
Reviewed Assessment of bait species and the impacts the fishery has on the ecosystem
A – all goodPilot in bycatch guideline implementation<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Philippines yellowfin tuna - handlineModerate RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Establish vessel registration scheme with BFAR to be applied nationwide by 2020.
Extend FCR implementation from pilot sites to other ARTESMAR® suppliers by 2020.
Define management structures with BFAR to interpret FCR information and create mechanisms for intervention by 2020.
Awareness campaign on reporting secondary and ETP species by 2020.
Organize fishery stakeholders in communities, optimize economics and capacities, and participate in management decisions by 2020.
A catch documentation scheme is in place to report primary, secondary and ETP species on all fishing trips entering ARTESMAR supply chains. All catch data entering ARTESMAR supply chains are stored in digital format for fishery management purposes and are easily accessible.B – all good<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Sri Lanka tuna and swordfish - longlineHigh RiskDomestic management is inadequate. Sri Lanka has not reported catch-and-effort data as per the IOTC standards, including separate catch-and-effort data for longline and gillnet and catch-and-effort data for those vessels that operate outside its EEZ.
There are considerable issues with IUU fishing.
Bycatch, incl. of ETP species
YFT Stock Status Overfished in IO: Recent advice calls for a 20% reduction but only a 5-15% reduction in YFT catch (depending on the fleet) has been adopted by the Commission (2016).
Low observer coverage
(1) The Sri Lankan longline fishery is conducted in a manner that does not lead to over-fishing or depletion of the exploited Indian Ocean yellowfin, bigeye and swordfish stocks and, for those stocks that are depleted; the fishery is be conducted in a manner that demonstrably leads to their recovery, by 2019.
(2) Sri Lankan longline fishing operations allow for the maintenance of the structure, productivity, function and diversity of the ecosystem (including habitat and associated dependent and ecologically related species) on which the fishery depends, by 2019
(3) The Sri Lankan longline fishery is subject to a effective management systems that respects local, national and international laws and standards and incorporates institutional and operational frameworks that require use of the resource to be sustainable, socially responsible and economically equitable.
MSC PA published in March 2018;
Orientation and planning actions have been completed for introducing a similar ‘Crew-based Observer Programme’ on 30 Sri Lankan longline vessels registered under the Negombo and Chilaw District Fisheries Office in 2018/19
Revision, update and identification of actions to be implemented under the National Plan of Action for the Management & Conservation of Sharks 2018 - 2022
C – all good4%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Vietnam yellowfin tuna – longline/ handlineHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
To achieve MSC certification by 2020Documentation of the catch of bigeye tuna, shark, billfish, baitfish and other species in the handline and longline fisheries has been completed.
IUCN/DECAP has prepared a Marine Turtles Action Plan 2015-2020, yet to be approved by MARD
A – all goodPilot in bycatch guideline implementation2.30%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Yellowfin handline Banda Sea [PT Intimas Surya]High RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
To promote traceability to ensure that the origins and status of tuna products purchased are well-known and all coming from legal fisheries by engaging the supply chains that support improvement
To improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and by catch
To collaborate with other institutions working on tuna fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries.
A socio-economic study of the small scale fishery in the Banda Sea has been completed
Enumerators have been trained and started collecting and submitting data on ETP bycatch species,
Catch data and port sampling landing for 2017 have been submitted to MMAF for analysis
Supporting boat registration
A – all good<1%
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indian Ocean tuna - longline (Key Traceability)HIgh riskYellowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean are overfished and undergoing overfishing. The most recent 2018 stock assessment is more pessimistic than previous assessments. Despite adoption of management measures to reduce catches, catches have actually increased. The most recent assessment had too much uncertainty to suggest what catch limits should be. A number of bycatch species, including sharks, sea turtles and sea birds are incidentally captured in fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna. Observer coverage rates are low in fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna.Achieve sustainable stock status’ for albacore, bigeye and yellowfin that is consistent with the Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) and management systems strengthened to achieve this.
To improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and especially bycatch by strengthening information systems and training.
To collaborate with other institutions working on tuna fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries for example Harvest Control Rules.
Increase observer coverage electronically.
Promote the adoption by the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) and member countries of precautionary and ecosystem-based management measures and encourage the IOTC to adopt management measures that will reduce fishing mortality.
Strengthen ETP and retained species management strategies and reduce bycatch
Promote Malaysia to join the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing as approved by the FAO Conference at its thirty-sixth Session.
Improve governance and decision-making process.
To achieve a certifiable status by 2024.
The FIP has started public reporting in fisheryprogress.org in December 2018. Not Yet Rated<1%
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Improving but insufficient (FIP D-E)Longline tuna and large pelagics Indian Ocean PT Permata Marindo JayaHigh RiskBycatch, incl. of ETP species
YFT Stock Status Overfished in IO
Low observer coverage
Recent advice calls for a 20% reduction in YFT catch but only a 5-15% reduction (depending on the fleet) has been adopted by the Commission (2016).
IUU fishing and piracy has been a major issue in the Indian Ocean and there are compliance issues with regard to the quality of reported data
No harvest control rules
To promote traceability to ensure that the origins and status of tuna products purchased are well-known and all coming from legal fisheries by engaging the supply chains that support improvement
To improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and by catch
To collaborate with other institutions working on tuna fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries.
FIP has allocated VTS on offshore vessels.
Onboard observers have been used since February 2016
Fishing licenses have been updated and data reporting has been improved
D – Rating dropped from C to D in March 2019Pilot in bycatch guideline implementation and report stage 4/5 results <1%
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Improving but insufficient (FIP D-E)Panama yellowfin tuna and mahi-mahi - longlineHigh RiskBycatch, incl. of ETP species
Low observer coverage
To promote the adoption of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF).
To assist ARAP in the design and implementation of and Onboard Observers Program for the longline fleet to study the interaction of the fishery with target and non-target species.
To promote studies aimed at identifying, and possibly mitigating, the impacts of this fishery on the target stock and other ecosystem components using the Risk Assessment framework as a tool to understand risks and ways to minimize them.
To promote the enhancement of the transparency of research results and fishery information.
Executive Decree No. 126 of 2017 was published in the Official Gazette No. 28365-B. The decree is a step forward in the management of the Panamanian mahi-mahi and yellowfin tuna, as it issues regulations regarding the use of longlines in waters under jurisdiction of the Republic of Panama
Sanctions Agreement No. 01-ZEPM-2018, which approves the regulation of productive activities that take place in the Special Marine Protection Zone. This agreement establishes management measures, sustainable use and conservation of the mahi mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares)
inactiveAssure support to the FIP and re-activiate project<1%
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Fishery targets of SRMozambique & Mauritius tuna and large pelagics - longlineHigh RiskYellowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean are overfished and undergoing overfishing. The most recent 2018 stock assessment is more pessimistic than previous assessments. Despite adoption of management measures to reduce catches, catches have actually increased. The most recent assessment had too much uncertainty to suggest what catch limits should be. A number of bycatch species, including sharks, sea turtles and sea birds are incidentally captured in fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna. Observer coverage rates are low in fisheries targeting yellowfin tuna.Pre-FIP no objectives listed yetSR Participant Afritex Ventures Ltd hired SFP to assist in FIP scoping and initiation the FIP and contracted Key Traceabilty as FIP implementation lead. The project has been registered as Prospective FIP in fishery progress in Jan 2019.Pre-FIP not yet ratedNo volume reported
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Fishery targets of SRIndonesia Tuna (non FIP)High RiskBycatch, incl. of ETP species
Lack of harvest control rules
Lack of target reference points (WCPO)
YFT overfished in IO
Low observer coverage
FIP in Initiation, mapping of non FIP covered fisheries in Indonesia is under way to identify priorities and improvement needsNANAContinue with improvement efforts and establish national FIP14,6
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Fishery targets of SRTaiwan tuna fleet fisheriesHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Catalyse FIPNANASuggest a concept paper is drafted similar to the Korean paper to better understand the fisheries and trade dynamics.17,6
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Fishery targets of SRJapan tuna fleet fisheriesHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Catalyse FIPNANAmarket engagament in Japan - though suggest a concept paper is drafted similar to the Korean paper to better understand the fisheries and trade dynamics.15,9
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Fishery targets of SRKorea tuna fleet fisheriesHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Catalyse FIPNANAA concept paper for a Korean Tuna Strategy has been drafted and will be discussed on 21st Jan6,6
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Fishery targets of SRChina tuna fleet fisheriesHigh RiskLack of target reference points
ETP and other bycatch issues
Lack of harvest control rules
Low observer coverage
Catalyse FIPNANAmarket engagament in Japan5,7
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Total81.40%
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