K-5 Grade Level Outcomes
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Grade-Level Outcomes for K-12 Physical Education is used under license from SHAPE America. © SHAPE America, 2013, www.shapeamerica.org. All rights reserved.
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The physically literate individual demonstrates competency in a variety of motor skills and movement patterns.
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Movement competency and confidence develop through the acquisition and transfer of motor skills and movement concepts.
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Standard 1Kindergarten 1Kindergarten 2Grade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4Grade 5
Grade 5
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Locomotor
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S1.E1 (Hopping, galloping, running, sliding, skipping, leaping)Performs locomotor skills (hopping, galloping, running, sliding, skipping) while maintaining balance. (S1.E1.K)Hops, gallops, jogs, and slides using a mature pattern. (S1.E1.1)Skips using a mature pattern (S1.E1.2)Leaps using a mature pattern. (S1.E1.3)Uses various locomotor skills in a variety of small-sided practice tasks, dance and educational gymnastics experiences. (S1.E1.4)- Demonstrates mature patterns of locomotor skills in dynamic small-sided practice tasks, gym- nastics and dance. (S1.E1.5a)
Demonstrates mature patterns of locomotor skills in dynamic small-sided practice tasks, gymnastics and dance. (S1.E1.5a)
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Combines locomotor and manipulative skills in a variety of small-sided practice tasks/games environments. (S1.E1.5b)Combines locomotor and manipulative skills in a variety of small-sided practice tasks in game environments. (S1.E1.5b)
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Combines traveling with manipulative skills for execution to a target (e.g., scoring in soccer, hockey and basketball). (S1.E1.5c)Combines travelling with manipulative skills for execution to a target (e.g. scoring in soccer, hockey and basketball). (S1.E1.5c)
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S1.E2 (Jogging, running)Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 2.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 2.Runs with a mature pattern. (S1.E2.2a)Travels showing differentiation between sprinting and running. (S1.E2.3)Runs for distance using a mature pattern. (S1.E2.4)Uses appropriate pacing for a variety of running distances. (S1.E2.5)Uses appropriate pacing for a variety of running distances. (S1.E2.5)
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Travels showing differentiation between jogging and sprinting. (S1.E2.2b)
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S1.E3 (Jumping & landing, horizontal)Performs jumping and landing actions with some balancePerforms jumping and landing actions with balance. (S1.E3.K)Demonstrates two of the five critical elements for jumping & landing in a horizontal plane using two-foot take-offs and landings. (S1.E3.1)Demonstrates four of the five critical elements for jumping & landing in a horizontal plane using a variety of one and two-foot take-offs and landings. (S1.E3.2)Jumps and lands in the horizontal plane using a mature pattern. (S1.E3.3)Uses sprinting-and-step takeoffs and landings specific to gymnastics. (S1.E3.4)Combines jumping & landing patterns with locomotor and manipulative skills in dance, educational gymnastics and small-sided practice tasks and games environments. (S1.E3.5)Combines jumping and landing patterns with locomotor and manipulative skills in dance, gymnastics and small-sided practice tasks in game environments. (S1.E3.5)
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S1.E4 (Jumping & landing, vertical)Jumps and lands safely from a small heightPerforms jumping and landing actions with balance. (S1.E3.K)Demonstrates two of the five critical elements for jumping & landing in a vertical plane. (S1.E4.1)Demonstrates four of the five critical elements for jumping & landing in a vertical plane. (S1.E4.2)Jumps and lands in the vertical plane using a mature pattern. (S1.E4.3)Refer to S1.E3.4Refer to S1.E3.5Refer to S1.E3.5
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S1.E6 (Combinations)Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 3. Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 3. Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 3. Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 3. Performs a sequence of locomotor skills, transitioning from one skill to another smoothly and without hesitation. (S1.E6.3)Combines travelling with manipulative skills of dribbling, throwing, catching and striking in teacher - and/or student-designed small-sided practice tasks. (S1.E6.4)Combines locomotor skills in cultural as well as creative dances (self and group) with correct rhythm and pattern. (S1.E5.5)
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Nonlocomotor
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S1.E7 (Balance)Maintains balance on 1 leg for 3 secondsMaintains momentary stillness on different bases of support. (S1.E7.Ka)Maintains stillness on different bases of support with different body shapes. (S1.E7.1)Balances on different bases of support, combining levels and shapes. (S1.E7.2a)Balances on different bases of support, demonstrating muscle tension and extensions of free body parts. (S1.E7.3)Balances on different bases of support on apparatus, demonstrating levels and shapes. (S1.E7.4)Combines balance and transferring weight in a gym- nastics sequence or dance with a partner. (S1.E7.5)Combines balance and transferring weight in a gymnastics sequence or dance with a partner. (S1.E7.5)
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Forms wide, narrow, curled, and twisted body shapes. (S1.E7.Kb)Balances in an inverted position with stillness and supportive base. (S1.E7.2b)
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S1.E8 (Weight transfer)Transfers weight from foot to foot in a hopping motionDevelopmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 1. Transfers weight from one body part to another in self-space in dance and gymnastics environments. (S1.E8.1)Transfers weight from feet to different body parts/bases of support for balance and/or travel. (S1.E8.2)Transfers weight from feet to hands for momentary weight support. (S1.E8.3)Transfers weight from feet to hands varying speed and using large extensions (e.g., mule kick, handstand, cartwheel).1 (S1.E8.4)Transfers weight in gymnastics and dance environments. (S1.E8.5)Transfers weight in gymnastics and dance environments. (S1.E8.5)
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S1.E9 (Weight transfer, rolling)Rolls sideways in a narrow body shape. (S1.E9.K)Rolls sideways in a narrow body shape. (S1.E9.K) Rolls in different directions with either a narrow or curled body shapeRolls with either a narrow or curled body shape. (S1.E9.1)Rolls in different directions with either a narrow or curled body shape. (S1.E9.2)
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S1.E10 (Curling or stretching; twisting and bending)Constrasts the actions of curling and stretching. (S1.E10.K)Demonstrates twisting, curling, bending, and stretching actions. (S1.E10.1)Differentiates among twisting, curling, bending, and stretching actions. (S1.E10.2)Moves into and out of gymnastics balances with curling, twisting and stretching actions. (S1.E10.3)Moves into and out of balances on apparatus with curling, twisting and stretching actions. (S1.E10.4)Performs curling, twisting & stretching actions with correct application in dance, gymnastics, small-sided practice tasks in games envi- ronments. (S1.E10.5)Performs curling, twisting and stretching actions with correct application in dance, gymnastics and small-sided practice tasks/games environments. (S1.E10.5)
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S1.E.11 Nonlocomotor (stability)Combines balances and transfers into a 3-part sequence (i.e., dance, gymnastics). (S1.E11.2)Combines locomotor skills and movement concepts (levels, shapes, extensions, pathways, force, time, flow) to create and perform a dance. (S1.E11.3)Combines locomotor skills and movement concepts (levels, shapes, extensions, pathways, force, time, flow) to create and perform a dance with a partner. (S1.E11.4)Combines locomotor skills and movement concepts (levels, shapes, extensions, pathways, force, time, flow) to create and perform a dance with a group. (S1.E11.5)
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S1.E11 (Combinations)Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 2.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 2.Combines balances and transfers into a 3-part sequence (i.e. dance, gymnastics). (S1.E11.2)Combines locomotor skills and movement concepts (levels, shapes, extensions, pathways, force, time, flow) to create and perform a dance. (S1.E11.3)Combines locomotors and movement concepts (levels, shapes, extensions, pathways, force, time, flow) to create and perform a dance with a partner. (S1.E11.4)Combines locomotor skills and movement concepts (levels, shapes, extensions, pathways, force, time, flow) to create and perform a dance with a group. (S1.E11.5)
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S1.E12 (Balance & weight transfers)Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 3. Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 3. Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 3. Combines balance and weight transfers with movement concepts to create and perform a dance. (S1.E12.3)Combines traveling with balance and weight transfers to create a gymnastics sequence with and without equipment/ apparatus. (S1.E12.4)Combines actions, balances and weight transfers to create a gymnastics sequence with a partner on equipment or appa- ratus. (S1.E12.5)Combines actions, balances and weight transfers to create a gymnastics sequence with a partner on equipment/apparatus. (S1.E12.5)
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Manipulative
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S1.E13 (Underhand throw)Throws underhand with opposite foot forward. (S1.E13.K)Throws underhand demonstrating two of the five critical elements of a mature pattern. (S1.E13.1)Throws underhand using a mature pattern. (S1.E13.2)Throws underhand to a partner or target with reasonable accuracy. (S1.E13.3)Applies SkillThrows underhand using a mature pattern in nondynamic environments (closed skills), with different sizes and types of objects. (S1.E13.5a)
Throws underhand to a large target with accuracy. (S1.E13.5b)
Throws (underhand and overarm) using a mature pattern in non-dynamic environments, with different sizes and types of objects. (S1.E13.5a) -Throws (both underhand and overarm) to a large target with accuracy. (S1.E13.5b)
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S1.E14 (Overhand throw)Throws overhand demonstrating 1 of the five critical elements of a mature patternThrows overhand demonstrating 2 of the five critical elements of a mature patternThrows overhand demonstrating 3 of the five critical elements of a mature patternThrows overhand demonstrating 4 of five critical elements of a mature pattern, in non-dynamic environments, for distance and/or force. (S1.E14.3) (S1.E14.2)Throws overhand using a mature pattern in non-dynamic environments. (S1.E14.4a) -Throws overarm to a partner or at a target with accuracy at a reasonable distance. (S1.E14.4b)Throws overhand using a mature pattern in non-dynamic environments. (S1.E14.4a) -Throws overarm to a partner or at a target with accuracy at a reasonable distance. (S1.E14.4b)Throws overhand using a mature pattern in nondynamic environments (closed skills), with different sizes and types of objects.
(S1.E13.5a)
Throws overhand to a large target with accuracy. (S1.E13.5b)
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S1.E15 (Passing with hands)Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Throws to a moving partner with reasonable accuracy in a non-dynamic environment. (S1.E15.4)Throws with accuracy, both partners moving. (S1.E15.5a)
Throws with reasonable accuracy in dynamic, small-sided practice tasks. (S1.E15.5b)
Throws with accuracy, both partners moving. (S1.E15.5a) Throws with reasonable accuracy in dynamic, small-sided practice tasks. (S1.E15.5b)
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S1.E16 (Catching)Drops a ball and catches it before it bounces twice. (S1.E16.Ka)Catches a soft object from a self-toss before it bounces. (S1.E16.1a)Catches a self-tossed or well-thrown large ball with hands, not trapping or cradling against the body. (S1.E16.2)Catches a gently tossed hand-sized ball from a partner, demonstrating four of the five critical elements of a mature pattern. (S1.E16.3)Catches a thrown ball above the head, at chest/waist level and below the waist using a mature pattern in a non-dynamic environment. (S1.E16.4)Catches a batted ball above the head, at chest or waist level, and along the ground using a mature pattern in a nondynamic environment (closed skills). (S1.E16.5a)Catches a batted ball above the head, at chest/waist level and along the ground using a mature pattern in a non-dynamic environment. (S1.E16.5a)
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Catches a large ball tossed by a skilled thrower. (S1.E16.Kb)Catches various sizes of balls self-tossed or tossed by a skilled thrower. (S1.E16.1b)Catches with accuracy, both partners moving. (S1.E16.5b)Catches with accuracy, both partners moving. (S1.E16.5b)
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Catches with reasonable accuracy in dynamic, small-sided practice tasks. (S1.E16.5c)
Catches with reasonable accuracy in dynamic, small-sided practice tasks. (S1.E16.5c)
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S1.E17 (Dribbling/ball control with hands)Dribbles a ball with one hand, attempting the second contact. (S1.E17.K)Dribbles continuously in self-space using the preferred hand. (S1.E17.1)Dribbles in self-space with preferred hand demonstrating a mature pattern. (S1.E17.2a)Dribbles and travels in general space at slow to moderate jogging speed with control of ball and body. (S1.E17.3)Dribbles in selfspace with both the preferred and the non-preferred hand using a mature pattern. (S1.E17.4a)Combines hand dribbling with other skills during 1v1 practice tasks. (S1.E17.5)Combines hand dribbling with other skills during one-on-one practice tasks. (S1.E17.5)
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Dribbles using the preferred hand while walking in general space. (S1.E17.2b)Dribbles in general space with control of ball and body while increasing and decreasing speed. (S1.E17.4b)
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S1.E18 (Dribbling/ball control with feet)Taps the ball using the inside of the foot, sending it forward. (S1.E18.K)Taps or dribbles a ball using the inside of the foot while walking in general space. (S1.E18.1)Dribbles with the feet in general space with control of ball and body. (S1.E18.2)Dribbles with the feet in general space at slow to moderate jogging speed with control of ball and body. (S1.E18.3)Dribbles with the feet in general space with control of ball and body while increasing and decreasing speed. (S1.E18.4)Combines foot dribbling with other skills in 1v1 practice tasks. (S1.E18.5)Combines foot dribbling with other skills in one-on-one practice tasks. (S1.E18.5)
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S1.E19 (Passing and receiving with feet)Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 3. Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 3. Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 3. Receives and passes a ball with the inside of the foot to a stationary partner, “giving” on reception before returning the pass. (S1.E19.3)Receives and passes a ball with the insides of the feet to a moving partner in a non-dynamic environment. (S1.E19. 4a)Passes with the feet using a mature pattern as both partners travel. (S1.E19.5a)Passes with the feet, using a mature pattern, as both partners travel. (S1.E19.5a)
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Receives and passes a ball with the outsides and insides of the feet to a stationary partner, “giving” on reception before returning the pass. (S1.E19.4b)Receives a pass with the foot using a mature pattern as both partners travel. (S1.E19.5b)Receives a pass with the feet, using a mature pattern, as both partners travel. (S1.E19.5b)
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S1.E20 (Dribbling in combination)Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Dribbles with hand/ feet in combination with other skills (e.g., passing, receiving, shooting). (S1.E20.4)Dribbles with hands or feet with mature patterns in a variety of small-sided game forms. (S1.E20.5)Hand/foot-dribbles with mature patterns in a variety of small-sided game forms. (S1.E20.5)
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S1.E21 (Kicking)Kicks a stationary ball from a stationary position, demonstrating two of the five elements of a mature kicking pattern. (S1.E21.K)Approaches a stationary ball and kicks it forward, demonstrating two of the five elements of a mature kicking pattern. (S1.E21.1)Uses a continuous running approach and kicks a moving ball, demonstrating three of the five elements of a mature kicking pattern. (S1.E21.2)Uses a continuous running approach and intentionally performs a kick along the ground and a kick in the air, demonstrating four of the five critical elements of a mature pattern for each. (S1.E21.3a)Kicks along the ground and in the air, and punts using mature patterns. (S1.E21.4)Demonstrates mature patterns in kick- ing and punting in small-sided practice task environments. (S1.E21.5)Demonstrates mature patterns in kicking and punting in small-sided practice task environments. (S1.E21.5)
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Uses a continuous running approach and kicks a stationary ball for accuracy. (S1.E21.3b)
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S1.E22 (Volley, underhand)Volleys a lightweight object (ballon), sending it upward. (S1.E22.K)Volleys an object with an open palm, sending it upward. (S1.E22.1)Volleys an object upward with consecutive hits. (S1.E22.2)Volleys an object with an underhand or sidearm striking pattern, sending it forward over a net, to the wall or over a line to a partner, while demonstrating three of the five critical elements of a mature pattern. (S1.E22.3)Underhand-volleys, using a mature pattern, in a dynamic environment (e.g., 2 square, 4 square, handball). (S1.E22.4)
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S1.E23 (Volley, overhead)Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Strikes/volleys with a two-hand overhead pattern, sending a ball upward while demonstrating four of the five critical elements of a mature pattern. (S1.E23.4)Volleys a ball using a 2-hand overhead pattern, sending it upward to a target. (S1.E23.5)Strikes/volleys a ball using a two-hand overhead pattern, sending it upward to a target. (S1.E23.5)
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S1.E24 (Striking, short implement)Strikes a lightweight object with a paddle or short-handled racket (S1.E24.K)Strikes a ball with a short-handled implement, sending it upward. (S1.E24.1)Strikes an object upward with a short-handled implement, using consecutive hits. (S1.E24.2)Strikes an object with a short-handled implement, sending it forward over a low net or to a wall. (S1.E24.3a)Strikes an object with a short- handled implement while demonstrating a mature pattern. (S1.E24.4a)Strikes an object consecutively, with a partner, using a short-handled implement, over a net or against a wall, in either a competitive or cooperative game environment. (S1.E24.5)Strikes an object consecutively, with a partner, using a short-handled implement, over a net or against a wall, in either a competitive or cooperative game environment. (S1.E24.5)
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Strikes an object with a short-handled implement while demonstrating three of the five critical elements of a mature pattern. (S1.E24.3b)Strikes an object with a short- handled implement, alternating hits with a partner over a low net or against a wall. (S1.E24.4b)
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S1.E25 (Striking, long implement)Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 2.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 2.Strikes a ball off a tee or cone with a bat using correct grip and side orientation/proper body orientation. (S1.E25.2)Strikes a ball with a long-handled implement, sending it forward, while using proper grip for the implement (e.g., hockey stick, bat, golf club). Note: Use batting tee or ball tossed by teacher for batting. (S1.E25.3)Strikes an object with a long- handled implement (e.g., hockey stick, golf club, bat, tennis/badminton racket), while demonstrating three of the five critical elements of a mature pattern for the implement (grip, stance, body orientation, swing plane and follow-through). (S1.E25.4)Strikes a pitched ball with a bat using a mature pattern. (S1.E25.5a)Strikes a pitched ball with a bat using a mature pattern. (S1.E25.5a)
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Combines striking with a long implement (e.g., bat, hockey stick) with receiving and traveling skills in a small-sided game. (S1.E25.5b)Combines striking with a long implement (e.g., bat, hockey stick) with receiving and traveling skills in a small-sided game. (S1.E25.5b)
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S1.E26 (In combination with locomotor)Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Developmentally appropriate/emerging outcomes first appear in Grade 4.Combines traveling with the manipulative skills of dribbling, throwing, catching and striking in teacher- and/ or student-designed small-sided practice task environments. (S1.E26.4)Combines manipulative skills and traveling for execution to a target (e.g., scoring in soccer, hockey and basketball). (S1.E26.5)Combines manipulative skills and traveling for execution to a target (e.g., scoring in soccer, hockey and basketball). (S1.E26.5)
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S1.E27 (Jumping rope)Executes a single jump with a self-turned rope. (S1.E27.Ka)Jumps forward or backward consecutively using a self-turned rope. (S1.E27.1a)Jumps a self-turned rope consecutively forward or backward with a mature pattern. (S1.E27.2a)Performs intermediate jump-rope skills (e.g., a variety of tricks, running in/ out of long rope) for both long and short ropes. (S1.E27.3)Creates a jump-rope routine with either a short or long rope. (S1.E27.4)Creates a jump rope routine with a partner, using either a short or long rope. (S1.E27.5)Creates a jumprope routine with a partner, using either a short or long rope. (S1.E27.5)
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Jumps a long rope with teacher assisted turning. (S1.E27.Kb)Jumps a long rope up to 5 times consecutively with teacher-assisted turning. (S1.E27.1b)Jumps a long rope 5 times consecutively with student turners. (S1.E27.2b)
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