Active & Safe – Rugby
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Rugby – Summary of Injury Incidence Rates
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InjuryLevel of Play
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Union (10-18 Years of Age)
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Game (Range)3.7 to 129.8 injuries/1000 hours
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League (16-19 Years of Age)
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Game (Range)56.8 to 217.9 injuries/1000 hours
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Male Amateur
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Concussion (Range)0.62 to 2.08* injuries/1000 hours
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Shoulder1.8 injuries/1000 hours
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Under 21 Years of Age
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Overall (Range)26.7 injuries/1000 hours
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Concussion (Range)0.8 to 11.8 injuries/1000 hours
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Shoulder (Range)0.4 to 1.3 injuries/1000 hours
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Ligament Sprain/Strain (Range)3.9 to 69.2 injuries/1000 hours
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Laceration/Contusion/
Hematoma (Range)
0.4 to 31.9 injuries/1000 hours
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Female (15s)
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Concussion (Range)0.55 injuries/1000 hours
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Professional
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Male Professional/
International
Male Professional/
Semi-Professional Sevens
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Game (Range)35 to 123 injuries/1000 hours108.3 injuries/1000 hours
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Concussion (Range)
0.40 to 3.9 injuries/1000 hours
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Shoulder (Range)1.8 to 2.8 injuries/1000 hours
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*14-18 years of age
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References
Borowski, L. A., Yard, E. E., Fields, S. K., & Comstock, R. D. (2008). The epidemiology of US high school basketball injuries, 2005–2007. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 36(12), 2328-2335.

Cumps, E., Verhagen, E., & Meeusen, R. (2007). Prospective epidemiological study of basketball injuries during one competitive season: ankle sprains and overuse knee injuries. Journal of sports science & medicine, 6(2), 204.

Drakos, M. C., Domb, B., Starkey, C., Callahan, L., & Allen, A. A. (2010). Injury in the National Basketball Association: a 17-year overview. Sports health, 2(4), 284-290.

Gaca, A. M. (2009). Basketball injuries in children. Pediatric radiology, 39(12), 1275.

Pappas, E., Zazulak, B. T., Yard, E. E., & Hewett, T. E. (2011). The epidemiology of pediatric basketball injuries presenting to US Emergency Departments: 2000-2006. Sports health, 3(4), 331-335.

Pfister, T., Pfister, K., Hagel, B., Ghali, W. A., & Ronksley, P. E. (2016). The incidence of concussion in youth sports: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med, 50(5), 292-297.

Rechel, J. A., Yard, E. E., & Comstock, R. D. (2008). An epidemiologic comparison of high school sports injuries sustained in practice and competition. Journal of athletic training, 43(2), 197-204.

Zuckerman, S. L., Kerr, Z. Y., Yengo-Kahn, A., Wasserman, E., Covassin, T., & Solomon, G. S. (2015). Epidemiology of sports-related concussion in NCAA athletes from 2009-2010 to 2013-2014: incidence, recurrence, and mechanisms. The American journal of sports medicine, 43(11), 2654-2662.
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Active & Safe - Version 1, February 2018
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