Mathematics dictionary
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Mathematics - Dictionary
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Topicword/expressionDefinitionGreekHungarianItalianLithuanianPolishRomanianTurkish
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Equationsaddition methodMethod of solving a system of equations, in which two equations are added together to eliminate one of the variables.

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domainThe set of input values for which both side of the equation are defined.τομέαςértelmezési tartománydominioduomuodziedzinadomeniutanım kümesi
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equalHaving the same quantity, measure, or value as another.ίσονegyenlő ugualelygūsrównać sięegaleşit
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equation
A statement asserting the equality of two
expressions.
εξίσωσηegyenletequazionelygtisrównanieecuațieeşitlik
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evaluation
To calculate the numerical value of;
express numerically.
αξιολόγησηbehelyettesítés valutazionenežinomojo ieškojimasoszacowanieevaluaredeğerlendirme
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factorizationThe resolution of an entity into factors.παραγοντοποίησηszorzattá alakításfattorizzazioneskaidymas dauginamaisiaisrozkład na czynniki prostefactorizareçarpanlara ayırma
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greater thanAn algebraic relation showing that a quantity is greater than or less than another quantity.μεγαλύτερο απόnagyobbmaggiore dididesnis užwiększe odmai mare decâtbüyüktür
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identity An equation that is satisfied by any number that replaces the letter for which the equation is defined.ταυτότηταazonosságidentità
tapatybėrównośćidentitatebirim
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inequality
A statement asserting the inequality of two expressions.
ανισότηταegyenlőtlenség disguaglianzanelygybėnierównośćinegalitateeşitsizlik
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method A way to get the solution.μέθοδοςmódszer metodo būdas, metodassposóbmetodămetot
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of first degreeThe highest power of a term or variable is 1.πρώτου βαθμούelsőfokú di primo gradopirmojo laipsnio, tiesinėpierwszego stopniade gradul întâibirinci dereceden
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of second degreeThe highest power of a term or variable is 2.δεύτερου βαθμούmásodfokú di secondo gradoantrojo laipsniodrugiego stopniade gradul doiikinci dereceden
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rangeThe set of all values a given function may take on.σειρά, απόσταση, έκτασηértékkészlet intervalloapibrėžimo sritiszakres, zbiór wartościșir, lanț, ordinedeğer kümesi
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solutionThe unique set of values that yield a true statement when substituted for the variables in an equation.λύσηmegoldás soluzionesprendinysrozwiązaniesoluțieçözüm
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substitution method
Method of solving a system of equations.

μέθοδος αφαίρεσηςbehelyettesítő módszermetodo della sostituzionekeitimo būdasmetoda podstawianiametoda înlocuirii/substituțieiyerine koyma metodu
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system of equations
A collection of equations involving the same set of variables.σύστημα εξισώσεωνegyenletrendszer sistema di equazionilygčių sistemaukład równańsistem de ecuațiidenklemler sistemi
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variable
A symbol that represents a quantity
in a mathematical expression.
μεταβλητόςváltozó variabilekintamasiszmiennavariabilădeğişken
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a straight line from the centre to the
circumference of a circle or sphere
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line segmentA section of a line between two points .szakaszsegmentoatkarpaodcineksegment de dreaptadoğru parçası
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right triangleA triangle which has 90° angle.derékszögű háromszögtriangolo rettangolostatusis trikampiskąt prostytriunghi dreptunghicdik açılı üçgen
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equilateral triangleA triangle which has all three equal sides and all three equal 60° angles.egyenő oldalú háromszögtriangolo equilaterolygiakraštis trikampistrójkąt równobocznytriunghi echilateraleşkenar üçgen
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isosceles triangleA triangle which has two equal sides and two equal angles.egyenlő szárú háromszögtriangolo isoscelelygiašonis trikampistrójkąt równoramiennytriunghi isoscelikizkenar üçgen
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scalene triangleA triangle in which all three sides are of different lengths.általános háromszögtriangolo scalenoįvairiakraštis trikampistrójkąt różnobocznytriunghi scalençeşitkenar üçgen
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acute triangleA triangle which has all three angles under 90°.hegyesszögű háromszögtriangolo acutosmailusis trikampistrójkąt ostrokątnytriunghi ascutitdar açılı üçgen
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obtuse triangleA triangle which has one angle more than 90° and less than 180°.tompaszögű háromszögtriangolo ottusobukasis trikampistrójkąt rozwartokątnytriunghi obtuzgeniş açılı üçgen
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areaThe size of a surface.területareaplotaspowierzchniaaria alan
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altitude A line segment from the vertex of a triangle to the opposite side at a 90° angle.magasságvonalaltitudineaukštinėwysokośćînalțimeayükseklik
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bisectTo divide something into two congruent (exactly equal) parts.felezbisettricedalinti pusiaupodział na równe częścibisectoareiki eşit parçaya bölmek
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corresponding sides
Sides of two or more triangles that face equal angles. megfelelő oldalakcorrispondenti latiatitinkamos kraštinėsodpowiadające bokiunghiuri corespondenteeş kenarlar
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hypotenuseThe longest side of a right triangle. átfogóipotenusaįžambinėprzeciwprostokątnaipotenuzaeğik kenar
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intersect To cross at a point. metszintersecaresusikirstiprzecinać sięintersectiekesişmek
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perimeterLength of all three sides of a triangle.kerületperimetroperimetrasobwódperimetruçevre uzunluğu
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vertexThe point where two sides of a triangle meets.csúcsverticeviršūnėwierzchołekvârftepe
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angle bisectorA line segment from the vertex of a triangle to the opposite side which bisects the angle of a triangle.szögfelezőbisettrice d'angolopusiaukampinėdwusieczna kątabisectoarea unghiuluiaçıortay
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side bisectorA line segment from the vertex of a triangle to midpoint of the opposite side.oldalfelezőbisettrice del latopusiaukraštinėsymetralnabisectoarea laturii (mediatoarea)kenarortay
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Numbersinteger numberswith no fractional partstermészetes számoknumeri interinatūralieji skaičiailiczby całkowitenumere întregitamsayılar
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whole numberspositive integer + Oegész számoknumeri naturalisveikieji skaičiailiczby naturalnenumere naturaletam sayılar
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real numbers
a value that represents a quantity along a
number line
valós számoknumeri realirealieji skaičiailiczby rzeczywistenumere realegerçek sayılar
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rational numbers
can be expressed as a quotient of 3 integers:
a numerator and a non 0 denominator
racionális számoknumeri razionaliracionalieji skaičiailiczby wymiernenumere raționalerasyonel sayılar
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irrational numbers
cannot be made by dividing two integers
irracionális számoknumeri irrazionaliiracionalieji skaičiailiczby niewymiernenumere iraționaleirrasyonel sayılar
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odd numbersindivisible by 2páratlan számoknumeri disparinelyginiai skaičiailiczby nieparzystenumere imparetek sayılar
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even numbersdivisible by 2páros számoknumeri parilyginiai skaičiailiczby parzystenumere pareçift sayılar
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prime numbers
have  exactly  two divisors: 1 and themselves
prím számoknumeri primipirminiai skaičiailiczby pierwszenumere primeasal sayılar
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fractionrepresents a part of a wholeközönséges törtfrazionepaprastoji trupmenaułamekfracțiikesir
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numeratorthe top number in a fractionszámlálónumeratoretrupmenos skaitiklisliczniknumărătornumeratör
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denominatorthe bottom number in a fractionneveződenominatoretrupmenos vardiklismianowniknumitorpayda
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fraction bar
the line that separates the numerator and
denominator
törtvonalbarra di frazionetrupmenos brūkšnyskreska ułamkowalinie de fracțiekesir çizgisi
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simplify fraction
divide numerator and denominator by the
same, non-zero numer
egyszerűsítéssemplificare una frazionesuprastinti trupmenąuprościć ułameksimplificarea fracțieisadeleştirmek
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build up fraction
multiply numerator and denominator by the
same, non zero number
bővítésampliare una frazionesudaryti trupmenąrozszerzyć ułamekfracțieikesir oluşturmak
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common denominator
the same denomitators od two or more fractions
közös nevezőcomune denominatorebendrasis vardikliswspólny mianowniknumitor comunortak payda
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Elementary LimitsDerivativeThe derivative of a function of a real variable measures the sensitivity to change of the function value (output value) with respect to a change in its argument (input value).deriváltderivataišvestinėpochodnaderivatătürev
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Mathematical analysis
It is the branch of mathematics dealing with limits and related theoriesmatematikai analízisanalisi matematicamatematinė analizėanaliza matematycznaanaliza matematicămatematiksel analiz
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Tangent equationAnalyze derivatives of functions at specific points as the slope of the lines tangent to the functions' graphs at those points.érintő egyenleteequazione tangenteliestinės lygtisrównanie stycznejecuația tangenteitanjant eşitliği
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ruleOne of a set of explicit or understood regulations or principlesszabályregolataisyklėwłasnośćregulăkural
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theoremA truth established by means of accepted truthstételteoremateorematwierdzenieteoremăteorem
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Critical points It is any value in its domain where its derivative is 0kritikus pontpunto criticokritiniai taškaipunkt przegięciapunct critickritik noktalar
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ConvexityIf f is concave up the second derivative is positivekonvexconvessoiškilumaswklęsłośćconvexitatedışbükeylik
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concavityIf f is convexe up the second derivative is negativekonkávconcavoneiškilumaswypukłośćconcavitateiçbükeylik
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inflexion pointsA point of inflection is an x-value at which the concavity of the function changesinflexiós pontpunto di flessoekstremumo taškaipunkt przegięciapunct de infelxiunebüküm noktaları
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composite function A function composition is the pointwise application of one function to the result of another to produce a third functionösszetett függvényfunzione sudėtinė funkcijafunkcja złożonafuncții compusebileşke fonksiyon
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infinityInfinity is not a number, it is an idea.végteleninfinitobegalybėnieskończonośćinfinitsonsuzluk
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vertical asymptoteVertical asymptotes are vertical lines which correspond to the zeroes of the denominatorasszimptotaasintoto verticalevertikalioji ašisasymptota pionowaasimptota verticalădikey asimptot
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horizontal asymptote
Horizontal asymptotes are horizontal lines that the graph of the function approaches as x tends to +∞ or −∞asszimptotaasintoto orizzontalehorizontalioji ašisasymptota poziomaasimptota orizontalăyatay asimptot
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transformIn other areas of mathematics, a transformation may simply be any function, regardless of domain and codomain.transzformáltrasformazionetransformuotiprzekształcićtransformaredönüşke
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cancellationThe operation of canceling out common factors in both the numerator and the denominatoregyszerűsítéscancellazionetrupmenos prastinimasredukcjaanularesadeleşme
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mathematicsaxioma statement that is taken to be true to serve
as a premise or starting point for further
reasoning and arguments
axiómaassiomaaksiomaaksjomataxiomăaksiyom
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beta (β)the second letter of the Greek alphabet;
it denotes unknown angles
bétabetabetabetabetabeta
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bracesThe symbols { and } which are used to indicate sets.kapcsos zárójelparentesi graffefigūriniai skliaustainawias klamrowyperecheayraçlar
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corollaryTerm of floral origin with which means a sentence which is shown as part of a formal theorykövetkezménycorollariokoreliatyvumaswniosekcoroloarsonuç
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cotangentTrigonometric function which is the inverse of the tangent.kotangenscotagentekotangentascotangenscotangentkotanjant
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figureEach of the signs by which we represent the numbers from 0 to 9 according to the numbering system introduced by the Arabs.függvény képecifraskaitmuocyfrafiguraşekil
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ParabolaA special curve, shaped like an arch.parabolaParabolaparabolėparabolaparabolăparabol
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PeriodThe length from one peak to the next (or from any point to the next matching point) of a periodic function.periódusPeriodoperiodasokresperioadăperiyot
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RangeThe difference between the lowest and highest values , but also all the output values of a function.tartományvariazionereikšmių sritisprzeciwdziedzinasirdeğer kümesi
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SecantThe secant is a trigonometric function defined as the reciprocal of the cosine of the same angle that.metszőSecantesekantassecantsecantăkesen
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SinGiven a rectangle, the sin of an angle it is the ratio by the opposite cathetus and hypotenuseszinuszSenosinusassinussinussin fonksiyonu
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SinusoidA wave shaped like the graph of y = sin x.szinuszhullámSinusoidesinusoidėsinusoidasinusoidsinüs eğrisi
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TanThe tangent is a trigonometric function defined as the ratio between the sine and cosinetangensTangentetangentastangenstangentatanjant
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TraslationA transformation in which a graph or geometric figure is picked up and moved to another location without any change in size or orientation.eltolásTraslazionetransformacijaprzesunięcietranslatieöteleme
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TrigonometryThe study of triangles, with emphasis on calculations involving the lengths of sides and the measures of angles. Trigonometry is also known as trig. Trigonometry is based on the six functions sine, cosine, tangent, cosecant, secant, and cotangent.triginimetriaTrigonometriatrigonometrijatrygonometriatrigonometrietrigonometri
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UnionThe union of two sets A and B is the set of elements in A or B, or both.The symbol is a special "U" like this: ∪unióUnionesąjungasuma zbiorówunitatebirleşme
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Unit of measurement
A quantity used as a standard of measurement.Example: Units of time are second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year and decade.mértékegységUnità di misuramatavimo vienetasjednostka miaryunitati de masurăölçü birimi
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ValueThe result of a calculation.értékValoreskaičiavimo rezultataswartośćvaloaredeğer
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VectorA quantity, drawn as an arrow, with both direction and magnitude.vektorVettorevektoriuswektorvectorvektör
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VerticalStraight up and down. For example, a wall is vertical.függőleggesVerticalevertikaluspionowyverticaldikey
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Vertical compression
A shrink in which a plane figure is distorted vertically.zsugorítás az y tengely menténCompressione verticalevertikalus suspaudimasścieśnienie w pionieReducere verticalădikey sıkıştırma
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Vertical dilationA stretch in which a plane figure is distorted vertically.nyújtás az y tengely menténDilatazione verticalevertikalus išplėtimasrozciągnięcie w pionieDilatare verticalădikey genişleme
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X axisThe line on a cartesian plane which runs horizontally; it’s as a reference linex tengelyAsse xx ašisoś xaxa Xx ekseni
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Y axisThe line on a cartesian plane which runs vertically; it’s as a reference liney tengelyAsse yy ašisoś yaxa Yy ekseni