3. Technology component 2017
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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
1
Technology
2
3
Government support for R&DIntellectual Property RightsTechnology ScoreRank
4
Australia4.16.24.818
5
Austria6.15.25.83
6
Belgium5.05.25.112
7
Canada4.46.35.014
8
Czech Republic5.14.85.015
9
Denmark5.74.95.47
10
Finland5.35.15.310
11
France5.65.15.48
12
Germany5.45.25.39
13
Greece3.94.24.025
14
Hungary3.94.64.124
15
Ireland4.04.64.223
16
Italy4.24.44.322
17
Japan5.65.25.55
18
Luxembourg4.34.64.421
19
Netherlands5.64.55.211
20
New Zealand4.16.54.917
21
Norway6.65.66.22
22
Poland3.64.43.926
23
Portugal6.34.85.84
24
Slovak Republic3.54.63.927
25
South Korea7.94.36.71
26
Spain4.95.04.916
27
Sweden5.34.55.113
28
Switzerland5.45.75.56
29
United Kingdom
4.64.84.719
30
United States4.64.74.620
31
32
Weight 0.6670.333
33
34
Intellectual Property Rights
35
Patent coverage"TRIPS+", anti-circumvention rules, database protectionRights loss provisions
36
Plant/Animal PatentsSoftware PatentsTotalScoreTRIPS+ policyAnti-circumvention rulesDatabase ProtectionTotalScoreNo revocation due to discontinuing workingCompulsory license not issuedPatent opposition systemExperimental use exception or defenseTotalScoreOverall score
37
Australia1122.7720.50.601.16.800000007.4296.183
38
Austria0.50.515.31010.812.84.173000.500.56.6885.155
39
Belgium0.50.515.31010.412.44.79100.50.5015.9475.242
40
Canada0.50.250.755.9450.50.901.46.336000.7500.756.3176.252
41
Czech Republic0.50.250.755.94510.912.94.019100.501.55.2064.760
42
Denmark0.50.515.31010.612.64.482100.501.55.2064.865
43
Finland0.50.515.31010.312.34.946100.501.55.2065.097
44
France0.50.250.755.94510.512.54.637100.501.55.2065.069
45
Germany0.50.250.755.94510.912.94.019000.500.56.6885.205
46
Greece0.50.515.31010.912.94.01910.50.50.52.53.7244.188
47
Hungary0.50.515.31010.612.64.48210.50.5024.4654.643
48
Ireland0.50.515.31010.612.64.48210.50.5024.4654.643
49
Italy0.50.515.31010.912.94.01910.50.5024.4654.411
50
Japan1122.7720.25101.256.56810.50.5024.4655.178
51
Luxembourg0.50.515.31010.412.44.79110.50.50.52.53.7244.575
52
Netherlands0.511.54.04110.412.44.79110.50.5024.4654.543
53
New Zealand0.90.51.44.2950.250.200.457.804100015.9476.545
54
Norway0.50.250.755.9450.250.311.556.10410.50.5024.4655.581
55
Poland0.50.515.31010.912.94.01910.50.5024.4654.411
56
Portugal0.50.515.31010.412.44.79110.50.5024.4654.797
57
Slovakia0.50.515.31010.612.64.48210.50.5024.4654.643
58
South Korea0.911.93.0260.50.912.44.79110.50.5024.4654.340
59
Spain0.50.515.31010.412.44.791100.501.55.2065.019
60
Sweden0.50.515.31010.7512.754.25010.50.5024.4654.527
61
Switzerland0.50.515.3100.250.611.855.64100.50.5015.9475.667
62
United Kingdom
0.50.250.755.94510.612.64.48210.50.5024.4654.769
63
United States1122.7720.50.801.36.491110.50.532.9834.695
64
65
average1.12222.26481.6389
66
standarddev.0.39400.64720.6747
67
Weight20%50%30%
68
Data source:
Walter Park et al.
69
note:
The components scored by Park have inverse scoring - ie high is bad for development. However, the "Score" column converts and standardizes to the CDI scoring approach where high is good for development.
70
71
Government R&D expenditure
72
Millions of current PPP $
73
74
Data yearExploration and exploitation of the EarthEnvironmentExploration and exploitation of spaceTransport, telecommunication and other infrastructuresEnergyIndustrial Production and technologyHealthAgricultureEducationCulture, recreation religion and mass mediaPolitical and social systems, structures and processesGeneral advancement of knowledge : R&D financed from General University Funds (GUF)General advancement of knowledge : R&D financed from other sources than GUFDefenceTotal, weightedGDP for data year, billion US $, PPPWeighted R&D/GDP
75
Australia20162821711893276424888438152353136743131346361,1290.41%
76
Austria20166624234982479173445610331983460334854380.80%
77
Belgium20153663265514110215947747109634800331815140.62%
78
Canada20131053102952315889091369512......220268024973271,5500.47%
79
Czech Republic20163550408598251162939942335117533222683670.62%
80
Denmark201611411725561314519710452671237422927162850.95%
81
Finland2016241826311433005585318786505723920242370.86%
82
France20162372621041875111323912235997929933433739811132148842,7740.54%
83
Germany2016622102718215681698433918501156456447583143326055990354504,0280.88%
84
Greece20155432275631549946821737521119113022850.46%
85
Hungary20151616746237610140261611726547342600.28%
86
Ireland201538204919452113240916726208663180.27%
87
Italy201568929210021404201413110833642661337496224787114772,2630.51%
88
Japan201647076021261046412124061437106071251161224872451050336565,2660.64%
89
Luxembourg2016010011716815316112820369620.60%
90
Netherlands201629351671081414802641104128114348412047662428660.72%
91
New Zealand20164865047131719020426024210109881830.54%
92
Norway201642817053853025412514134161101047012132003101.03%
93
Poland20158526739315791016450140234465454117421040591,0200.40%
94
Portugal2016481071211862174287988971741223502828683160.91%
95
Slovak Republic20161112278403618118133119485761660.35%
96
South Korea201538353657116517536224177511061098..342..43092718196221,7561.12%
97
Spain20151493414133552326121308602811161012627199512989961,6120.56%
98
Sweden201535543018214913476487884183982012335274690.75%
99
Switzerland20146101368312199715455276511532143215010.86%
100
United Kingdom
2015548328486538365531343850955151416322416992419134992,7200.50%
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