Materials from U.S. Congress Related to the Humanities, 2009-2015 DateTitleAuthorAuthor's Political AffiliationCategoryHow far did legislation go in Congress?About this research project NotesAnalysis white paper URL
1/27/2009Legislation: H.R. 717Rep. Eddie Bernice JohnsonDemocratBillIntroducedThe bill aims to "provide incentives to improve America's research competitiveness," and the definition of "basic research" includes the humanities.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-111hr717ih/html/BILLS-111hr717ih.htm
3/19/2009Legislation: S. 659Sen. Lamar AlexanderRepublicanBillIntroducedA Senate bill that seeks "to improve the teaching and learning of American history and civics." For agencies that receive grants, they must partner with "an institution of higher education," "a nonprofit history or humanities organization," and "a library or museum."http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-111s659is/html/BILLS-111s659is.htm
6/2/2009Legislation: H.R. 2653Rep. John YarmuthDemocratBillIntroducedA bill that creates the "White House Office of National Youth Policy," and the NEH chairman is a member of the executive board.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-111hr2653ih/html/BILLS-111hr2653ih.htm
7/14/2009Legislation: S. 1447Sen. Kay HutchisonRepublicanBillIntroducedSenate bill 1447, "Connecting America Act of 2009," seeks to "expand broadband deployment," and it mentions the National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-111s1447is/html/BILLS-111s1447is.htm
10/22/2009Legislation: S. 1838Sen. Mary LandrieuDemocratBillIntroducedThe bill is "to establish a commission to commemorate the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War." A similar bill was introduced in the House, but both did not get enacted into law.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-111s1838is/html/BILLS-111s1838is.htm
3/4/2010Legislation: H.R. 4771Rep. Jesse Jackson, Jr.DemocratBillIntroducedThe bill is to "establish a commission to commemorate the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War." The chairman of the NEH gets to be on the commission, and the NEH gets to award the grants. "There is authorized to be appropriated $3,500,000 to the National Endowment for the Humanities to provide grants under section 7." http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-111hr4771ih/html/BILLS-111hr4771ih.htm
6/15/2010Legislation: H.R. 5533Rep. Betty McCollumDemocratBillIntroducedH.R. 5533 was introduced "to strengthen the partnership between nonprofit organizations and the Federal Government, and for other purposes." The NEH chairperson is on the board for the interagency working group on nonprofits.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-111hr5533ih/html/BILLS-111hr5533ih.htm
1/24/2011Legislation: H.R. 401Rep. Andre CarsonDemocratBillIntroducedH.R. 401 aims to give Muhammad Ali a gold medal. In the findings section, Carson mentions Ali's honorary doctorate degrees. Carson states, "[R]eceiving honorary doctorate degrees from Muhlenberg College and Western Kentucky University, as well as an honorary doctorate of humanities at Princeton University's 260th graduation ceremony." A similar bill was introduced in 2013 (H.R. 1084). Before H.R. 401, Carson also introduced this bill in 2009 (H.R. 2648). On January 28, 2015, Carson introduced H.R. 608, which, again, is the same bill.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112hr401ih/html/BILLS-112hr401ih.htm
3/16/2011Legislation: S. 599Sen. Jim WebbDemocratBillIntroducedAgain, a similar bill on creating a commission was introduced but this time it's in the Senate through Jim Webb's sponsorship. Like the other legislations on the commisison, it was only introduced. This shows the NEH failing to gain authority of $3,500,000 in grants.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112s599is/html/BILLS-112s599is.htm
4/4/2011Legislation: S. 716Sen. Jeanne ShaheenDemocratBillIntroducedThe bill, titled "Innovation Inspiration School Grant Program Act," focuses on STEM degrees rather than humanities degrees. The grant program does not benefit the humanites, and focuses more on engineering.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112s716is/html/BILLS-112s716is.htm
4/7/2011Legislation: H. R. 1420Rep. Jesse Jackson, Jr.DemocratBillIntroducedSimilar to other bills, H.R. 1420 seeks "to establish a commission to commemorate the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War." Again, this bill was only introduced. The NEH would be authorized with $3,500,000 for grants.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112hr1420ih/html/BILLS-112hr1420ih.htm
6/21/2011Legislation: H.R. 2255Rep. Rosa DeLauroDemocratBillIntroducedThe bill is "to support the establishment and operation of Teachers Professional Development Institutes." H.R. 2255 goes on to state the various ways the grant funds may be used, which includes "to provide a stipend for teachers participating in the collaborative seminars conducted by the Institute in the sciences and humanites..." Similar bill were proposed in the Senate (S. 1240 and S. 3498) by Sen. Lieberman. Rep. DeLauro also introduced a similar House bill in 2010 (H.R. 5556).http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112hr2255ih/html/BILLS-112hr2255ih.htm
7/28/2011Legislation: H.R. 2678Rep. Lucille Roybal-AllardDemocratBillIntroducedThe bill seeks to create programs that provide information and skills necessary to lower teenage pregnancies within minority/immigrant communities. With regard to program settings, the bill states, "through classroom-based settings, such as school health education, humanities, language arts, or family and consumer science education; after-school programs..." A similar bill was proposed in the Senate (S.1437) by Sen. Barbara Boxer.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112hr2678ih/html/BILLS-112hr2678ih.htm
8/2/2011Legislation: H.R. 2792Rep. Donald PayneDemocratBillIntroducedThe bill focuses on improving/supporting higher education in sub-Saharan Africa.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112hr2792ih/html/BILLS-112hr2792ih.htm
4/26/2012Legislation: S. 2474Sen. Daniel AkakaDemocratBillIntroducedThe bill is "to improve the health of minority individuals, and for other purposes." In the section on reducing teenage pregnancies, the bill states that programs with funding will be provided "through class-room settings, such as school health education, humanities, language arts, or family and consumer science education; after-school programs..." A similar bill was introduced in the House on September 15, 2011 (H.R. 2954), and another on July 30, 2014 (H.R. 5294).http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112s2474is/html/BILLS-112s2474is.htm
9/21/2012Legislation: H.R. 6494Rep. Mike ThompsonDemocratBillIntroducedThe bill is to "award posthumously a Congressional Gold Medal to Stewart Lee Udall," and in the findings section Thompson states, "During his tenure as Secretary of the Interior, Stewart L. Udall also became a champion of the arts, convincing President Kennedy to invite the renowned poet Robert Frost to speak at his inauguration and setting in motion initiatives that led to the creation of the Kennedy Center, Wolf Trap Farm Park, the National Endowments for the Arts and the Humanities, and the revived Ford's Theatre."http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112hr6494ih/html/BILLS-112hr6494ih.htm
12/18/2012Legislation: H.R. 6678Rep. Rush HoltDemocratBillIntroducedThe bill seeks to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to encourage research in higher education. In the code, the bill wants to change "social sciences, etc." to "Arts and humanities."http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112hr6678ih/html/BILLS-112hr6678ih.htm
2/15/2013Legislation: H.R. 750Rep. Mike ThompsonDemocratBillIntroduced"To award posthumously a Congressional Gold Medal to Stewart Lee Udall in recognition of his contributions to the Nation as hero for the environment, a champion for conservation, a civil right activist, a Native American crusader, and an advocate for the arts."http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-113hr750ih/html/BILLS-113hr750ih.htm
3/18/2013Legislation: H.R. 1243Rep. Tim RyanDemocratBillIntroducedThe bill seeks to implement the Innovation Inspiration School grant program within the Department of Education, which focuses on STEM courses, especially engineering. The humanities are not a priority. Similar bills were introduced in the Senate (S. 442, S. 1067, and S. 3732), and others were introduced in the House (H.R. 2247 and H.R. 2253).http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-113hr1243ih/html/BILLS-113hr1243ih.htm
3/21/2014Legislation: H.R. 4280Rep. John ConyersDemocratBillIntroducedH.R. 4280 seeks "to preserve knowledge and promote education about jazz in the United States and abroad." National Endowment for the Arts and National Endowment for the Humanities would collaborate if the program is implemented.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-113hr4280ih/html/BILLS-113hr4280ih.htm
9/18/2014Legislation: H.R. 5589Rep. Lois FrankelDemocratBillIntroducedThe legislation strives to create a higher education grant program for veteran student centers. Frankel cites the NEH in the bill's findings: "The National Endowment for the Humanities' Warrior-Scholar Project found that `veterans transitioning to college likely have not used academic skills since high school and have difficulty adjusting to a fundamentally different social and cultural environment, [leading] to veterans dropping out of college before earning their degree.'"http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-113hr5589ih/html/BILLS-113hr5589ih.htm
9/30/2014Legislation: H.R. 3547Rep. Lamar SmithRepublicanBillBecame LawH.R. 3547 is the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014. In the section on humanities, the bill states, "For necessary expenses to carry out the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965, $146,021,000 shall be available to the National Endowment for the Arts for the support of projects and productions in the arts, including arts education and public outreach activities, through assistance to organizations and individuals pursuant to section 5 of the Act, for program support, and for administering the functions of the Act, to remain available until expended."http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-113hr3547enr/html/BILLS-113hr3547enr.htm
2/24/2015Legislation: S. 537Sen. Thomas CarperDemocratBillIntroducedCarper's bill states, "To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase and make permanent the alternative simplified research credit, and for other purposes." Humanities is included in the definition of "basic research." Another Senate bill, S. 2715, was introduced by Carper one year before (July 31, 2014).http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-114s537is/html/BILLS-114s537is.htm
2/26/2015Legislation: S. 604Sen. Jon TesterDemocratBillCurrently IntroducedDue to the bill's focus on veteran student centers, the findings section uses a study by the NEH as evidence: "The National Endowment for the Humanities' Warrior-Scholar Project found that `veterans transitioning to college likely have not used academic skills since high school and have difficulty adjusting to a fundamentally different social and cultural environment, [leading] to veterans dropping out of college before earning their degree.'" A similar bill was introduced by Lois Frankel on 3/17/2015 in the House (H.R. 1399).http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-114s604is/html/BILLS-114s604is.htm
3/26/2015Legislation: H.R. 1682Rep. John ConyersDemocratBillCurrently IntroducedThe National Jazz Appreciation Program would be carried out by the NEH and others, and it aims to promote jazz education.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-114hr1682ih/html/BILLS-114hr1682ih.htm
4/30/2015Legislation: S. 1177Sen. Lamar AlexanderRepublicanBillPassed Senate and House, and in the "Resolving Differences" Stage Before it is Sent to the PresidentThe Senate bill is "to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to ensure that every child achieves."http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-114s1177es/html/BILLS-114s1177es.htm
6/16/2015Legislation: S. 1579Sen. Brian SchatzDemocratBillCurrently IntroducedThe summary of the bill is the following: "To enhance and integrate Native American tourism, empower Native American communities, increase coordination and collaboration between Federal tourism assets, and expand heritage and cultural tourism opportunities in the United States." Important due to this clause: "to use the arts and humanities to help revitalize Native communities, promote economic development, increase livability, and present the uniqueness of the United States to visitors in a way that celebrates the diversity of the United States."http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-114s1579is/html/BILLS-114s1579is.htm
6/18/2015Legislation: H.R. 2822Rep. Ken CalvertRepublicanBillCurrently IntroducedThe bill is to make "appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2016, and for other purposes." It is significant due to its emphasis on funding. "For necessary expenses to carry out the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965, $146,021,000 to remain available until expended, of which $135,121,000 shall be available for support of activities in the humanities."http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-114hr2822rh/html/BILLS-114hr2822rh.htm
9/10/2015Legislation: H.R. 3477Rep. Markwayne MullinRepublicanBillCurrently IntroducedThe bill discusses Native American tourism and Native American communities. Mullin's bill states, "To use the arts and humanities to help revitalize Native communities, promote economic development, increase livability, and present the uniqueness of the United States to visitors in a way that celebrates the diversity of the United States."http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-114hr3477ih/html/BILLS-114hr3477ih.htm
10/5/2015Legislation: S. 2132Sen. Thad CochranRepublicanBillCurrently IntroducedAn appropriations bill that continues to fund the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities with $146,021,000.http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-114s2132pcs/html/BILLS-114s2132pcs.htm