California Ocean Litter Strategy Implementation
Action ItemLead Organization(s)Partner Organization(s)StatusLast UpdatedProgress Update Summary
Objective 1.1. Prohibit or discourage common ocean litter items in public institutions, retail, and food service establishments through government policies or mandates.
1.1.1Pass and implement policies that prohibit or discourage common ocean litter items at the local level and consider these policies for effectiveness assessment as described under Objective 4.4.California Product Stewardship Council (CPSC), The Albatross Coalition, Zero Waste San DiegoBay Area Stormwater Management Agency Association (BASMAA), Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund, Heal the Bay, PRCC, Surfrider Foundation, UPSTREAMIn ProgressMay, 2021UPSTREAM launched a national #SkipTheStuff campaign to get local and state policies enacted that make single-use foodware accessories available only on request. Surfrider is a member of the ReUsable LA coalition. On April 21st, the LA City Council passed the Foodware Accessories Upon Request ordinance and on May 3rd, Mayor Garcetti passed it into law after just 4 months of effort. The County of LA is poised to do the same in the next couple weeks. Heal the Bay and the other members of Reusable LA intend to assist other cities in passing their own Skip the Stuff ordinance and then launching and new #ReopenWithReuse campaign this summer once these ordinances pass.
1.1.2Pass and implement legislation that prohibits or discourages common ocean litter items at the state level and consider these policies for effectiveness assessment as described under Objective 4.4CPSC, The Albatross Coalition, Zero Waste San DiegoCalifornians Against Waste, Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund, Heal the Bay, PRCC, Surfrider Foundation, The Nature Conservancy, UPSTREAMIn ProgressMay, 2021As part of the #SkiptheStuff campaign, UPSTREAM provided model language and support for the introduction of AB 1267 which proposes a state-wide mandate for customer opt-in for accessories. It also proposes that customers dining onsite must be served with reusables only- it bans single-use for onsite dining. Surfrider is advocating for AB 1276 (Foodware Accessories Upon Request), AB 962 (Returnable Beverage Bottle System), and AB 343 (Truth in Labeling)
1.1.3Expand the single-use plastic carryout bag ban to apply to retail stores, restaurants, and food delivery, and amend the state’s criteria for reusable bags to exclude bags made from plastic film.CPSC, The Albatross Coalition, Zero Waste San DiegoCalifornians Against Waste, Surfrider FoundationIn ProgressDecember 2020Priorities around single-use bags have shifted towards defense of the current law as opposed to pushing forward with expansion. Although public perception has changed slightly since the beginning of the pandemic, there still remains a preference for single-use items which are seen as more hygienic.
1.1.4Promote reusable and refillable food and beverage packaging in the state bottle bill, and state and local packaging policies CPSC, The Albatross Coalition, Zero Waste San DiegoCalifornians Against Waste, UPSTREAM, PRCCIn ProgressMay 2021UPSTREAM - through the Clean Seas Lobbying Coalition- is supporting AB 962- which will enable refillable beverages to participate in California's bottle deposit program.
1.1.5Change procurement of common ocean litter items on UC and CSU campuses, and share lessons learned with other learning institutions (e.g., community colleges, K-12).Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund, CPSCCompletedMay 2021CSU policy preventing procurement of some single-use plastics passed Dec 2018. UC announced a phase-out of single-use plastics in Aug 2020.
1.1.6Change procurement to minimize the use of common ocean litter items in local and state government buildings and events, and share lessons learned with other public institutions (e.g., federal facilities, jails, hospitals).OPCBASMAA, Californians Against Waste, CleanWater Action/Clean Water Fund, CPSC, UPSTREAM In ProgressJune 2020Over the past six months, OPC has provided comments on CalRecycle’s SB 1335 regulations (attached). Over the prior six months, OPC has conducted outreach at California State Parks, and has arranged for a panel to speak on packaging at the DOR vendor conference.
1.1.7Require permits for new construction of dine-in restaurants to include dishwashing facilities on-site to accommodate reusable food ware.Californians Against Waste, Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund, UPSTREAMIn ProgressMay 2021Surfrider has helped to introduce a mandate for onsite diners to be served only with reusables at the state and local level. Their model ordinance has been used for legislative introductions. At the state level, AB 1162 includes this provision. This provision has been enacted in the following cities in CA: Arcata, Berkeley, Fairfax, Half Moon Bay, San Anselmo. There are more ordinances like this introduced and being introduced in 2021 and we hope to see several more enacted this year.
1.1.8Develop a toolkit with materials and strategies to share with local and out-of-state advocates to a) aid in the process of banning common ocean litter items, and b) to aid in the process of switching local governments and communities to reusable items.Plastic Pollution Coalition, UPSTREAMOPCIn ProgressMay 2021UPSTREAM is developing a toolkit for actions to promote a transition to reusable and refillable packaging entitled: Reusability: The Single-Use Foodware Reduction Toolkit and Training Program. The toolkit will help local and state decision makers pass and organizers enact foodware policies, guiding the process from development through implementation by providing resources, training, and outreach hub. The toolkit will include: 1. Reuse policies, supporting resources, and a training program for getting them enacted: 2. A list of environmentally preferable single-use and reusable packaging items; 3. A Directory of reuse businesses and service models; and 4. A restaurant outreach toolkit for communities. The toolkit and training will be available at the end of 2021
Objective 1.2. Incentivize institutions, businesses, and events to transition away from common ocean litter items
1.2.1Perform audits before and after institutions implement efforts to minimize the use of common ocean litter items.Clean Water Action/Clean Water FundNone Reported
1.2.2Incentivize businesses and corporations to transition to reusables (e.g., film industry craft services, corporate dining, water refill stations) through sharing case studies and demonstrating cost-savings.Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund, Surfrider Foundation, UPSTREAMIn ProgressMay 2021Surfrider released a Foodware Guide, with cost calculator by ReThink Disposable. UPSTREAM is producing a fact sheet that demonstrates the cost of meals served in reusables is much lower than in disposables. The fact sheet will be published and shared in their upcoming toolkit as well as shared widely in their networks of reuse coalitions and networks for advocates and government. UPSTREAM launched a pilot this month called Serve It Safe in Palo Alto with Dishcraft Robotics. You can find all the information about the reusable take-out container program here ( They expect to have learnings and results to share in case study and in other digital assets during the summer. Clean Water Fund continues to actively engage businesses in San Mateo County, Alameda County, City of San Francisco, City of Alameda, City of Palo Alto to promote reusables for food service
1.2.3Promote certification for events (e.g., music festivals, concerts, sports competitions, film production) that achieve zero waste principles. The Albatross Coalition, Zero Waste San DiegoClean Water Action/Clean Water Fund, Surfrider FoundationIn ProgressJune 2020Surfrider Foundation: Ocean Friendly Events was set to launch in summer 2020 but has been put on hold until further notice due to COVID-19. The program will provide criteria and recognition for events that limit single-use plastics. CWA/CWF: Reached out to legislators to support AB 619, which included a 10% reusable requirement at events.
1.2.4Engage with companies that are already using alternative products and materials to help advocate for transition away from common ocean litter items.PRCC, Surfrider FoundationIn ProgressJune 2020Surfrider has an active partnership with Dispatch Goods, a reusable container startup in San Francisco, and have promoted them to the Ocean Friendly Restaurant network and plan to help them pilot in other cities. We also maintain an Ocean Friendly Vendor list to share with our restaurant network. But at this time (Covid-19), Many restaurants have closed and others have resorted to take-out options. There is uncertainty around when restaurants will reopen and reusables are not an option in many cases.
Objective 2.1. Support and promote extended producer responsibility (EPR) and other waste management strategies to reduce the generation of common ocean litter items, and create a mechanism for producers to fund common ocean litter item capture, cleanup, and recycling infrastructure.
2.1.1Promote EPR as a policy to consider as part of CalRecycle’s Packaging Reform efforts, and support giving CalRecycle legislative authority to create mandatory packaging reform policies.Californians Against Waste, CPSC, PRCC, Save Our Shores, The Nature Conservancy, UPSTREAM, National Stewardship Action CouncilIn ProgressDecember 2020OPC and partner organizations disscussed potential definitions of “producer” in this context. OPC also reached out to local governments to discuss local ordinances, and is considering how to effectively coordinate moving forward.
2.1.2Create a report synthesizing lessons learned from waste management policy and tool implementation in other countries, including recommendations for California with a focus on source reduction.CPSC, UPSTREAM, National Stewardship Action Council, OPCIn ProgressMay 2021California Product Stewardship Council hosted several private and public meetings and webinars on textile management and has a forthcoming technical report, including policy recommendations for best practices. One component of the presentations compares textile management policies on other countries and how they addressed textile waste holistically, inclusive of toxics and microfiber release. In March 2021, CPSC published a Battery Fire Report covering the increasing risks of battery caused fires at waste management facilities. CPSC is also a proud co-sponsor of SB 289 (Newman), along with ReThink Waste and Californians Against Waste. This legislation would create a true EPR program for household and embedded batteries.
2.1.3Include performance measures in EPR programs for both prevention and recycling of common ocean litter items, with prevention being a higher priority.CPSCCalifornians Against Waste, PRCC, Save Our Shores, UPSTREAM, National Stewardship Action CouncilIn ProgressMay 2021EPR has been in the media more in the last six months than arguably ever before. It has been especially interesting to see mainstream media present the complex concept in easy to digest methods. The most important EPR performance measure to change in established programs are the modulated fees for carpet stewardship, as established by AB 729. The program operator will submit their plans for the change in the fee structure to CalRecycle no later than June 2021. UPSTREAM is leading a small working group to draft model source reduction, waste prevention provisions for state EPR packaging laws.
2.1.4Ensure that all film and wrap plastics eligible for recycling ( are accepted at all drop-off locations (e.g., grocery stores), and enforce the recycling requirements that are part of the single-use plastic carryout bag ban.In ProgressDecember 2020As of Sept 2020, National Stewardship Action Council is planning to make a recommendation to legislature on whether film plastic can be recycled or whether it’s a contaminant.
Objective 2.2. Support product redesign with the aim of preventing ocean litter through design changes and avoiding harmful substitutions.
2.2.1Engage corporations in common ocean litter item redesign by implementing design challenges, and creating a venue for sharing innovative designs with brands and corporationsThe Albatross Coalition, Think Beyond Plastic, Zero Waste San DiegoACC, PRCCIn ProgressJune 2020Drafting and submitting information to manufacterers about the scale of the problem. Planning for future work in the spring of 2020
2.2.2Redesign and produce bottles with caps attached (“connect the cap”), and ensure that all components of these products are recyclable at all facilities in California.The Albatross Coalition, Zero Waste San DiegoACC, Californians Against Waste, PRCC, Surfrider Foundation, Think Beyond PlasticIn ProgressJune 2020We are sending letters to coke, pepsi and nestle to connect the cap. We are looking at litter cleanup law suits. We are supporting legislative action
2.2.3Redesign plastic products to be circular and entirely recyclable in California, through voluntary or legislative action.CPSC, The Albatross Coalition, Zero Waste San DiegoCalifornians Against Waste, PRCCIn ProgressMay 2021CPSC’s 2020 Golden Arrow Winner Sierra Nevada continues to lead in producer responsibility. Their brewery created a recycling co-op keeping malt bags, shrink wrap, and more industry plastics out of the landfill. There's also a lot of action happening in the textiles and clothing industries to address waste generation and circular garment design.
Objective 3.1. Support the State Water Resources Control Board's Trash Amendments
3.1.1Create a mechanism for local governments to fund stormwater trash programs through public or private sources.Heal the BayACC, BASMAA, Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund, PRCC, Save Our Shores, UPSTREAMIn ProgressMay 2021 Heal the Bay has participated in monthly meetings with the OurWaterLA Coalition core team, communications team, and organizers team, and separate monthly meetings between OWLA and staff from the LA County Flood Control District to help shape guidance documents and fund transfer agreements and ensure that the goals of the Implementation Ordinance are met. Heal the Bay has also been hired for the position of Watershed Coordinators for both the Central and South Santa Monica Bay Watershed Areas. Heal the Bay has been attending key Watershed Area Steering Committee, Scoring Committee, and Regional Oversight Committee meetings to ensure that the plans for funding allocation reflect the goals of the Implementation Ordinance. As of 04/04/2021, the first round of funding has been allocated, the 9 Watershed Area Steering Committees are in the process of finalizing the Round 2 Stormwater Investment Plans, and the Round 3 project solicitation period is open. For Round 2, 62 projects were submitted for funding under the Infrastructure Program, 14 projects were submitted for funding under the Technical Resources Program, and 9 studies were submitted for funding under the Scientific Studies Program.
3.1.2Implement a statewide Adopt-A-Storm Drain program.City of OaklandPRCC, Save Our ShoresNone Reported
3.1.3Educate the public about the Trash AmendmentsBASMAA, California Coastkeeper Alliance, CPSC, Clean Water Action/Clean Water FundNone Reported
Objective 3.2. Improve waste management in public places
3.2.1Establish and improve management of trash, recycling, and compost receptacles in high-use areas.ACC, California Coastal Commission, PRCC, Save Our ShoresIn ProgressDecember 2020AB827 signed into law Oct 2019 requires businesses to make composting and recycling bins accessible to customers at restaurants, malls, and other businesses. 
3.2.2Increase industry investment in infrastructure improvements to address waste management at schools and other public areas.ACCIn ProgressJune 2019The American Chemistry Council has increased funding to Keep California Beautiful, resulting in participation of 493 schools participating in a recycling challenge that diverted 2.5M lbs from landfills.
3.2.3Support packaging policies that develop and expand infrastructure for recycling in California.Californians Against Waste, CPSC, PRCC, The Nature ConservancyNone Reported
3.2.4Engage with municipalities and social programs to assess how to reduce ocean litter from encampments, as one strategy to improve the health, wellbeing, and safety of homeless communities.BASMAA, California Coastkeeper AllianceIn ProgressDecember 2020In January 2020 CA Coastkeeper Alliance published an overview of homeless encampment cleanup efforts.
Objective 4.1. Conduct a comprehensive characterization of microplastics and macro-debris
4.1.1Convene an expert workgroup to develop a matrix of standard sample collection, processing, and characterization methods for measuring temporal changes in microplastics and macro-debris in different environments.Algalita, SCCWRP, SFEI5 Gyres Institute, ACC, CASA/BACWA/SCAP, Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund, Dr. Andrew Gray's Laboratory at UC Riverside, Dr. Erika Holland at CSULB, ESRM Program at CSUCI (including Dr. Clare Steele), NOAA MDP, PRCC, Surfrider FoundationIn ProgressSCCWRP is leading a methods evaluation and standardization study and convening a working group to help compare analytical methods. As of Dec. 2020 no additional progress to report.
4.1.2Develop and test laboratory methods to identify the most common macro- and micro-plastic debris polymer types through molecular techniques (e.g., FTIR, Raman, forensics).Dr. Andrew Gray's Laboratory at UC Riverside, ESRM Program at CSUCI (including Dr. Clare Steele)ACC, CASA/BACWA/SCAP, Dr. Erika Holland at CSULB, Dr. Gerardo Dominguez at CSUSM, CSU COASTIn ProgressMay 2021UCR/SCCWRP Southern California Bight Microplastic Project
Methodological advancement for the NOAA Marine Debris Research program funded California Bight Microplastic project is in process. The approach for microplastic identification includes semi-automated fluorescence microscopy and image analysis techniques supplemented with FTIR and Raman spectroscopy.
Open Specy
Work toward peer-reviewed publication of Open Specy ( is ongoing. The first peer-reviewed publication introducing Open Specy has been accepted and will be in press shortly with Analytical Chemistry.
4.1.3Develop a watershed-scale program to model and monitor microplastics and macro-debris flux, transport, degradation, and fate according to a variety of endpoints (e.g., street litter, stormwater, wastewater, and direct discharges).SFEI5 Gyres Institute, ACC, California Coastkeeper Alliance, CASA/BACWA/SCAP, Dr. Andrew Gray's Laboratory at UC Riverside, Dr. Natalie Mladenov at SDSUIn ProgressDecember 2020Through the SF Bay Project, we developed a particle-tracking model of microplastic loads in Bay wastewater and stormwater entering the Bay, and following the fate of discharged microplastics. Sinking particles tend to stay within the Bay, while floating particles can be transported out of the Bay to the ocean. Currently, we (SFEI) summarizing our findings of the sources and pathways of tire-wear related microplastics in stormwater.
4.1.4Create a comprehensive litter dataset to identify the most common item types according to volume, weight, flux, material, product, source, brand, and other units of importance.Dr. Andrew Gray's Laboratory at UC Riverside, Surfrider FoundationCalifornia Coastal Commission, Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund, Heal the BayIn ProgressMay 2021Data Model Development
This item has been put on hold for now. We are looking for our next group to partner with and for further funding sources.
Trash Taxonomy
We have developed and continue to maintain a website ( and are preparing submission of a manuscript with science and management coauthors for peer review.
4.1.5Work with Ocean Conservancy to capture brand data during Coastal Cleanup Day.California Coastal Commission, Heal the BayIn ProgressDecember 2020Due to Covid-19, Coastal Cleanup Day was expanded to Coastal Cleanup Month encouraging individuals and households to take part at any outdoor location near home. Heal the Bay was added to both NOAA’s marine debris database and to the cleanup app Marine Debris Tracker and utilized by participants. Heal the Bay also published an at home waste audit blog to encourage awareness around personal consumption habits (
Objective 4.2. Quantify microplastics pathways within watersheds and develop technological solutions.
4.2.1Identify and quantify microfibers and microplastics from wastewater, stormwater, airborne, and agricultural sources.SCCWRP, SFEI5 Gyres Institute, CASA/BACWA/ SCAP, Dr. Andrew Gray's Laboratory at UC Riverside, Dr. Natalie Mladenov at SDSU, ESRM Program at CSUCI, The Nature ConservancyIn ProgressDecember 2020Through completed SF Bay project, concentrations of microparticles and microplastics were measured in Bay wastewater effluent and untreated urban stormwater runoff. Stormwater was identified to be a major source of microparticles and microplastics. We have also started developing a conceptual model of tire wear particle transport to stormwater. There is a proposal to study microplastic removal from wastewater facilities in CA, as well as a study to summarize the available info regarding the sources and pathways of microplastics in stormwater.
4.2.2Research innovative solutions to address microfibers in textiles and apparel.CASA/BACWA/SCAP, CPSC, MaterevolveIn ProgressDecember 2020Materevolve hosted half-day virtual workshop California Microfiber Workshop: Science, Innovation & Connection in Nov. 2020
4.2.3Research technological solutions to address microfibers at wastewater treatment plants or in washing machines.CASA/BACWA/SCAP, MaterevolveIn ProgressDecember 2020Materevolve hosted half-day virtual workshop California Microfiber Workshop: Science, Innovation & Connection in Nov. 2020
Objective 4.3. Research ecological and toxicological impacts of commonly found ocean litter on marine resources and human health
4.3.1Advance research on the chemical components of common ocean litter items (by resin type) and the potential for pollutants to migrate into the environment and aquatic organisms via ocean litter.ACC, California Lost Fishing Gear Recovery Project at UC Davis, Dr. Erika Holland at CSULB, DTSC, ESRM Program at CSUCI (including Dr. Clare Steele), Graduate School of Public Health at SDSU, UPSTREAM, CSU COASTIn ProgressJune 2020OPC has convened an expert panel to develop a risk assessment framework for microplastics in California and provide research recommendations and data gaps.
4.3.2Assess population and community-level impacts to economically important and/or especially vulnerable species from exposure to plastics and adsorbed pollutants.None ReportedMarch 2020Goal 4 workgroup recognizes that our scientific understanding has changed since the OLS was published in 2018. It is now accepted that additives to the polymer matrix are thought to be more of a concern than adsorbed pollutants.
4.3.3Research impacts to human health via direct consumption of microplastics and seafood exposed to plastic debris.ACC, California Lost Fishing Gear Recovery Project at UC Davis, UPSTREAMNone ReportedMarch 2020Goal 4 workgroup recognizes that our scientific understanding has changed since the OLS was published in 2018. It is now known that there are many routes of human exposure to microplastics, not just seafood.
Objective 4.4. Assess the effectiveness of existing bans, policies, and programs
4.4.1Conduct cost-benefit analyses for implementation of different common ocean litter item reduction policies/strategies and provide them to cities and businesses (i.e., local ordinances to ban expanded polystyrene, deposit schemes, packaging redesign).BASMAA, Dr. Andrew Gray's Laboratory at UC RiversideNone Reported
4.4.2Analyze the impact of the single-use plastic carryout bag ban on reducing disposable bag use, preventing ocean litter, and reducing government costs.ACC, California Coastal Commission, Dr. Andrew Gray's Laboratory at UC Riverside, Surfrider FoundationIn ProgressMay 2021Surfrider released its beta version of its plastic reduction policy map. This map is the first visualization of our dataset and currently features bag, polystyrene, and straw laws. ( The next version of Surfrider’s U.S. map, expected late this summer, will include even more policy types and details.
4.4.3Conduct research into consumer behavior to assess attitudes toward reusable and disposable items, convenience, willingness to pay, and incentives to avoid commonly littered items (e.g., cigarette filters).Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund, CPSC, Dr. Sean Anderson at CSUCI, PRCC, Save Our ShoresIn ProgressMay 2021CalPoly Students working on initial assessment for cigarette litter and styrofoam bans
Objective 4.5. Improve coordination among California organizations conducting ocean litter research
4.5.1Improve communication among ocean litter research entities in California through participation in the Ocean Litter Strategy implementation process.NOAA MDP, OPC, The Albatross Coalition, Zero Waste San DiegoCalEPA, CPSC, CA Sea GrantCompletedMay 2021NOAA MDP is facilitating the OLS Goal 4 Research work group. This work group meets twice a year to provide a space for communication, collaboration, and updates amongst the research community.
4.5.2Increase dissemination of research results to the public and management agencies (e.g., California Department of Fish and Wildlife).NOAA MDPIn ProgressJune 2020OPC and NOAA surveyed the research community in Nov 2019, and discussed the survey results in June 2020 webinar. OPC has also re-convened the state’s Plastic Pollution Steering Committee.
Objective 5.1. Increase formal and informal science-based education to raise awareness of ocean litter
5.1.1Compile and share a database of existing resources and curriculum for formal education on ocean litter.NOAA MDPCompletedJune 2020Algalita, NOAA MDP, and other partners on Goal 5 actions have identified ocean litter related curriculum and toolkits and compiled them in a google document.
5.1.2Integrate standards-based ocean litter curriculum into school programsAlgalita, CA Sea Grant, One Cool Earth, 5 Gyres Institute, California Coastal Commission,  Monterey Bay Aquarium, NOAA MDP, PRCC, Save Our ShoresIn ProgressMay 2021With funding from the NOAA MDP's Marine Debris Prevention grant program, One Cool Earth is working to provide classroom instruction at 17 schools and training to 30 teachers. As of the latest progress report (Oct 2020) they have reached 708 students through virtual lessons.
5.1.3Develop and distribute toolkits to empower high school and college students to educate people on their campuses and in their communities.Algalita, The Albatross Coalition, Zero Waste San DiegoIGISc at SFSU, Monterey Bay Aquarium, NOAA MDP, PRCCIn ProgressDecember 2019Algalita and partners have completed discovery on existing student toolkits and are connecting with other groups doing similar work. Algalita plans to launch the Wayfinder Society in 2020, and the toolkits will be incorporated in to the Wayfinder Society program. SFSU has developed workshop materials that demonstrate how to work with MDMAP data in an open source software, R Studio, to build quick maps of transect data. SFSU has further developed these materials into lab exercises for a professional GIS certificate course.
Objective 5.2. Educate consumers about the sources of ocean litter to drive behavior change in purchasing
5.2.1Implement coastal and inland public education campaigns about common ocean litter items to drive changes in purchasing.5 Gyres Institute, California Coastal Commission, Californians Against Waste, ESRM Program at CSUCI, Heal the Bay, PRCC, Save Our Shores, Surfrider FoundationIn ProgressMay 2021In-person formal and informal education is still stalled (due to Covid-19) but Surfrider continues to implement campaigns and create educational materials promoting behavioral changes to reusable products.
5.2.2Develop messaging for consumers and producers on microfibers given our current state of knowledge on this emerging issue.Californians Against Waste, CASA/BACWA/SCAP, CPSC, ESRM Program at CSUCI(not active partner-just wants to follow progress), NOAA MDP, MaterevolveCompletedMay 2021The NOAA Marine Debris Program and Materevolve published the Proceedings of the 2020 California Microfiber Workshop:
5.2.3Implement a public education campaign about cigarette filters.BASMAA, California Coastal Commission, Californians Against Waste, CPSC, Save Our Shores, UPSTREAM, Surfrider Foundation, NOAA MDPIn ProgressMay 2021CPSC staff members were accepted to present on tobacco/cannabis waste at the CalRecycle Used Oil and HHW Conference March 2020, but was postponed due to COVID-19 and will be presenting this May 2021 instead. The presentation will cover topics of material composition, regulatory updates, and highlighting producers responsibly creating products with the end-of-life in consideration.
With funding from the NOAA Marine Debris Program, Surfrider San Francisco has installed 130 cigarette butt disposal cans in San Francisco and the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Once COVID restrictions are lifted, Surfrider will distribute 12,000 pocket ashtrays to smokers in San Francisco, launch a social media campaign, and air a PSA that was developed last year:
Objective 6.1. Leverage industry knowledge to prevent lost fishing gear
6.1.1Leverage commercial and recreational fishermen’s knowledge to develop strategies for preventing and dealing with gear loss, and share these strategies among the commercial and recreational fishing communities.NOAA MDPCalifornia Lost Fishing Gear Recovery Project at UC Davis, Channel Islands National Marine SanctuaryIn ProgressMay 2021In Jan 2021, the NOAA MDP, CINMS, CSUCI, and the CA Lost Fishing Gear Recovery Project met with the CDFW to better understand the data currently being collected and shared as part of the Commercial Spiny Lobster Fishery trap loss reporting program. With funding from the NOAA MDP and National Marine Sanctuary Foundation, the CA Department of Boating and Waterways is in the process of distributing 50 bins for collection and recycling of monofilament fishing line throughout the state.
6.1.2Share lessons learned from the fishing industry with management agencies and other stakeholders to focus policy and funding on prevention and recovery of lost gear.California Lost Fishing Gear Recovery Project at UC Davis, Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, The Nature ConservancyNone Reported
6.1.3Work with the fishing community to design gear that is less likely to be lost, and less harmful to the environment once lost.None Reported
Objective 6.2. Implement Best Management Practices (BMP) Plans for reducing lost gear within the aquaculture industry
6.2.1Compile key outcomes desired for effective BMP Plans for the aquaculture industry through a collaborative process with, and between, growers.CDFWFGCNone ReportedMarch 2021On hold at the Fish and Game Commission
6.2.2Update Fish and Game Commission policies to include BMP Plans in permitting considerations such as the issuance of aquaculture leases, and educate growers and stakeholders about BMP Plans to help in the implementation process.CDFW, FGCNone Reported
6.2.3Include aquaculture BMP Plan implementation California Coastal Commission requirements in coastal development permits, where appropriate.California Coastal CommissionCompletedMay 2021The Commission has been including marine debris BMPs on all of the aquaculture permits it has issued in the past several years
Objective 6.3. Improve tracking of lost fishing and aquaculture gear in order to better understand lost gear patterns and impacts, and to facilitate removal
6.3.1Improve lost fishing gear data collection and database systems to facilitate the prevention, tracking, and recovery of lost gear.California Lost Fishing Gear Recovery Project at UC Davis, Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, Dr. Andrew Gray's Laboratory at UC Riverside, The Nature Conservancy, CSUCI / Santa Rosa Island Research StationIn ProgressMay 2021The Santa Rosa Island Research station at CSUCI has developed a Derelict Fishing Gear tracker that compiles and visualizes cleanup and survey efforts on the Channel Islands. Data has been submitted by the CSUCI Santa Rosa Island Research Station, Channel Islands National Park, Island Packers Cruises, Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, and Santa Barbara Channelkeepers. The tool is available at
6.3.2Implement a pilot project to assess the effectiveness of different tagging and marking methods for aquaculture gear.None Reported
6.3.3Include aquaculture gear marking and debris collection reporting requirements in coastal development permits, where appropriate.California Coastal CommissionCompletedMay 2021The Commission has been requiring aquaculture gear marking on all of the aquaculture permits it has issued in the past several years
Objective 6.4. Increase the removal of ocean-based debris
6.4.1Research and provide recommendations to overcome policy barriers to lost gear removal and ocean-based marine debris cleanup.California Lost Fishing Gear Recovery Project at UC Davis, Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, The Nature ConservancyNone Reported
6.4.2Support and expand existing programs for the prevention and removal of abandoned or derelict vessels (e.g., expansion of recreational vessel removal, funding for removal of commercial vessels).NOAA MDPIn ProgressMay 2021In FY19, the NOAA MDP provided funding to the Richardson's Bay Regional Agency to support the removal of 62 marine debris vessels from Richardson Bay.
6.4.3Implement and/or expand voluntary buyback, return, and/or recycling programs for old and unused recreational and commercial fishing gear.California Lost Fishing Gear Recovery Project at UC Davis, California State Parks Division of Boating & Waterways and California Coastal Commission, The Nature ConservancyNone Reported
6.4.4Implement a fishing gear recovery program, as mandated in SB 1287, for the Dungeness crab fishery. Build or expand gear recovery programs for other fisheries while considering lessons learned in the implementation of SB 1287.Monterey Bay Fisheries Trust, CDFW , The Nature ConservancyIn ProgressJune 2020Monterey Bay Fisheries Trust 2020 lost gear recovery pre-project planning was completed in early April, which included identifying gear recovery team participants, submitting the application for the new CA DFW Trap Gear Retrieval Permit, and working with our harbors to secure storage for recovered gear. Gear recovery began May 22. We have 5 recovery members and vessels, no pots have been recovered yet.
6.4.5Identify and remove, when deemed appropriate, legacy debris from California’s coastal ocean (e.g., legacy aquaculture debris, anchorage debris).NOAA MDPFGCIn ProgressMay 2021Through the NOAA MDP's marine debris removal grant program, CSUCI is removing accumulated debris from seven remote beaches on Santa Rosa and Santa Cruz Islands. The first cleanups of this three-year project occurred in Fall 2020. Stand Up To Trash is holding monthly community beach cleanups.
6.4.6Engage and partner with boaters, fishermen, divers, growers, local communities, and other ocean stakeholders to implement regional cleanup programs (e.g., in bays, ports, or harbors).Channel Islands National Marine SanctuaryCalifornia State Parks Division of Boating & Waterways and California Coastal Commission, ESRM Program at CSUCINone Reported
6.4.7Place and maintain large receptacles at ports and harbors for fishermen to dispose of trash that has been collected while fishing.None Reported