ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZAAABACADAEAFAGAHAIAJ
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LocationNameMaker/DeployerUsersPenetrationTarget PenetrationTechVoluntaryLimitedData destructionMinimizedTransparent
Centralized or decentralized
StatusNotes
Additional Sources
Additional Sources
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ChinaChinese health code systemAlipay, Hangzhou’s Communist Party, Chinese national gov'tTBDTBDTBDLocation, Data miningNNNNNCentralizedLaunched
There is very little information available to the public about how China's technology works.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/01/business/china-coronavirus-surveillance.html
https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/amB7fBxLw8KSR9DcUsbTWg
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IndiaAarogya SetuIndian national government163,000,00012.05%TBDBluetooth, LocationNYYNNCentralizedLaunched
India is the only democracy making its app mandatory for millions of people. 1/25/21: Court rules gov't can't share app data with other government departments and agencies: https://www.livelaw.in/top-stories/karnataka-high-court-restrains-centre-nic-from-sharing-response-data-of-persons-collected-through-aarogya-setu-168886
https://www.mygov.in/aarogya-setu-app/
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IndonesiaPeduliLindungi
Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (Kominfo) and the Ministry of SOEs
4,600,0001.72%TBDBluetooth, LocationYNNNNCentralizedLaunched
The Indonesian app uses individuals' location data to cross reference telecommunications provider data.
https://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2020/06/22/covid-19-apps-fear-of-tyranny-by-data.html
https://kr-asia.com/indonesians-skeptical-of-the-states-covid-19-prevention-apps
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JapanCOCOAMinistry of Health, Labour and Welfare7,700,0006.09%TBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
Japan's app has been riddled with issues since it launched, and has been suspended at least twice.
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/07/11/national/japans-contact-tracing-app-glitch/
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/06/27/national/science-health/japan-coronavirus-app-downloads/
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MexicoCovidRadarMexican Government (Nuevo León state govt)50,0000.04%TBDBluetoothYNNNNCentralizedLaunched
The specific privacy and data policies for the Mexican app are currently quite thin and vague.
http://www.nl.gob.mx/noticias/lanza-gobierno-aplicacion-movil-para-notificar-casos-positivos-de-covid-19
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PhilippinesStaySafeMultisys Technologies Corporation2,000,0001.87%BluetoothYNNNNDecentralizedLaunched
The app launched in April and has serious privacy concerns which sparked a letter demanding better protections from major organizations.
https://www.staysafe.ph/
https://www.manilastandard.net/opinion/columns/about-town-by-ernesto-m-hilario/327882/staying-safe-amid-the-pandemic.html
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VietnamBlueZoneMinistry of Health20,000,00020.93%65%BluetoothYYNNYDecentralizedLaunched
Vietnam is using a decentralized system but requires access to contacts and other media on mobile devices like photos.
https://www.techinasia.com/intrusive-asean-contacttracing-apps
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GermanyCorona-Warn-AppDeutsche Telekom and SAP18,000,00021.68%TBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
Germany opted for the Google/Apple API after initially aiming to build a centralized system.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-04-27/germany-taps-sap-deutsche-telekom-for-contact-tracing-app
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-europe-tech/germany-flips-to-apple-google-approach-on-smartphone-contact-tracing-idUSKCN22807J
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TurkeyHayat Eve SığarTurkish Ministry of Health14,186,00017.30%TBDBluetooth, LocationNNNYNCentralizedLaunched
Turkey mandates people who test positive download the app and can then share data with police.
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=tr.gov.saglik.hayatevesigar
https://www.cnnturk.com/video/turkiye/ak-partiden-koronavirus-anketi
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IranAC19Network of academics, mostly from Sharif University of Technology00.00%TBDNANNNNNTBDLaunched
This app appears to no longer be in use.
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/epgkmz/iran-launched-an-app-that-claimed-to-diagnose-coronavirus-instead-it-collected-location-data-on-millions-of-people
https://www.zdnet.com/article/spying-concerns-raised-over-irans-official-covid-19-detection-app/
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FranceTousAntiCovidInria2,400,0003.58%TBDBluetoothYYYYYCentralizedRe-launched
Like the UK and Norway, France negotiated with Apple and Google but decided against using their standards.
https://techcrunch.com/2020/04/08/france-is-officially-working-on-stop-covid-contact-tracing-app/
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UKNHS COVID-19 AppNHSX19,000,00028.51%TBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
The app launched on September 24 but continues to face criticism for being confusing and ineffective. Works with apps in Northern Ireland, Jersey, Republic of Ireland, Scotland, Gibraltar and Wales.
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/ehealth/docs/covid-19_apps_annex_en.pdf
https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-52353720
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ItalyImmuniBending Spoons9,769,44916.19%TBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
After China, Italy was the first Western nation devastated by covid-19. They launched thier app in early June.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-italy-technology/italy-tests-contact-tracing-app-to-speed-lockdown-exit-idUSKBN21Z0VJ
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PolandProteGO SafeMinistry of Digital Affairs725,0001.91%TBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/ehealth/docs/covid-19_apps_annex_en.pdf
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-poland-tech/poland-rolls-out-privacy-secure-coronavirus-tracking-app-idUSKBN23G208
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Saudi ArabiaTawakkalnaNational Information Center7,000,00020.77%TBDLocationYNYNNCentralizedLaunched
Tawakkalna app pairs with Tabaud, the contact tracing app, and allows citizens to request "movement permits" for mobility around the city. As of mid-June, Tawakkalna and Tabaud have been made mandatory for government employees to enter Ministry buildings.
https://english.alarabiya.net/en/coronavirus/2020/05/20/All-you-wanted-to-know-about-the-Saudi-tracking-app-Tawakkalna; https://www.arabnews.com/node/1738016/media
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Saudi ArabiaTabaudMinistry of Health and the Saudi Data and Artificial Intelligence AuthorityTBDTBDTBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYNDecentralizedLaunched
While Tabaud uses the Google-Apple system, its privacy policy notes "external links" in the apps, which the app bears no privacy responsibility for. It's unclear what the "external links" are. Tabaud is also not open source.
https://english.alarabiya.net/en/coronavirus/2020/06/28/Saudi-Arabia-s-coronavirus-social-distancing-app-Tabaud-All-you-need-to-know
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MalaysiaMyTraceMinistry of Science, Technology and Innovation100,0000.32%60%BluetoothYNYNNDecentralizedLaunched
Permissions allowed for data use are overly broad. Originally only available for Android, now also available for iPhone.
https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2020/05/08/data-from-covid-19-app-mytrace-kept-on-phone-not-govt-servers-says-khairy; https://www.malaymail.com/news/what-you-think/2020/05/17/digital-surveillance-privacy-data-ecosystem-and-effectiveness-moonyati-yati/1867050
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GhanaGH COVID-19 TrackerGhana Health Services, Iquent, Ascend TechnologiesTBDTBDTBDLocationYNTBDNNTBDLaunched
Ghana's app is focused on collecting users' location data.
https://docs.google.com/document/d/16Kh4_Q_tmyRh0-v452wiul9oQAiTRj8AdZ5vcOJum9Y/edit#
https://news.itu.int/ghana-launches-covid-19-tracker-app/
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AustraliaCOVIDSafeAustralian government7,160,90928.64%TBDBluetoothYYYYYCentralizedLaunched
Australian experts have criticized the government for a lack of transparency and non-responsiveness to privacy issues.
https://www.imore.com/australias-covidsafe-app-only-working-27-time-some-iphones
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TunisiaE7miTunisia's Observatory of Emerging Diseases23,1400.20%TBDBluetoothYYYNNCentralizedLaunched
Tunisia's government says the app will remain voluntary so long as download rates are high.
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-53052395; https://www.accessnow.org/to-safeguard-privacy-tunisia-must-be-transparent-on-tech-used-to-fight-covid-19/
https://www.lawfareblog.com/what-ever-happened-digital-contact-tracing
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Czech RepubliceRouskaMinistry of Health240,0002.25%TBDBluetoothYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
eRouska is one part of the Czech government’s larger "smart quarantine" plan. The app relaunched in September to address issues with the first version.
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/ehealth/docs/covid-19_apps_annex_en.pdf; https://www.expats.cz/czech-news/article/czech-anti-covid-app-erouska-will-soon-connect-with-foreign-apps
https://www.zdnet.com/article/mobile-apps-and-contact-tracing-these-tools-are-helping-to-end-the-lockdown/
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HungaryVirusRadarMinistry of Innovation and Technology, NextSense35,0000.36%TBDBluetoothYTBDYYYCentralizedLaunched
The voluntary app alerts people who came within 2m of an infected person for at least 20min.
https://dailynewshungary.com/covid-19-tracker-app-available-for-download-in-hungary/
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UAETraceCovidDepartment of HealthTBDTBDTBDBluetoothNTBDTBDYNDecentralizedLaunched
The app is mostly decentralized, but citizens can be fined for refusing install or register for the app.
https://www.thenational.ae/uae/health/coronavirus-what-can-i-still-be-fined-for-in-uae-1.1040480
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IsraelHaMagen 2.0Health Ministry2,000,00022.51%TBDLocationNYYYYCentralizedLaunched
Officials said the app is not sufficiently accurate because it is based only on GPS and voluntary information.
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/ehealth/docs/covid-19_apps_annex_en.pdf
https://medium.com/@oleiba/hamagen-fight-coronavirus-and-preserve-privacy-b1631693bb46
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AustriaStopp CoronaRed Cross600,0006.77%TBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
Austria was one of the first major European nations to align with the Google/Apple API.
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/ehealth/docs/covid-19_apps_annex_en.pdf
https://www.roteskreuz.at/site/faq-app-stopp-corona/datenschutzinformation-zur-stopp-corona-app/
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SwitzerlandSwissCovidSwiss National Covid-19 Science Task Force1,600,00018.67%< 60%
Bluetooth, DP-3T, Google/Apple
YYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
Initially, the Swiss opted to use DP-3T instead of the Google/Apple API. Now it looks they will be using both.
https://github.com/DP-3T/documents/blob/master/DP3T%20White%20Paper.pdf
https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/digital-solution_contact-tracing-app-could-be-launched-in-switzerland-within-weeks/45706296
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BulgariaViruSafeScalefocus and the Bulgarian Ministry55,0000.79%TBDLocationYYYNYCentralizedLaunched
Bulgaria launched their app in early April and began lifting movement restrictions in early May.
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/ehealth/docs/covid-19_apps_annex_en.pdf
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ThailandMorChanaDigital Government Agency3,690,00053.15%TBDBluetooth, LocationYTBDTBDNNDecentralizedLaunched
Thailand paired the proximity contact tracing app with a QR code check-in system, called Thai Chana
https://www.bangkokpost.com/life/social-and-lifestyle/1938848/the-price-of-safety
https://www.bangkokpost.com/business/1954287/thai-covid-19-apps-judged-invasive
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SingaporeTraceTogetherGovernment Technology Agency4,511,20080.00%TBDBluetooth, BlueTraceNNYNYCentralizedLaunched
TraceTogether was the first major Bluetooth contact tracing app.
https://docs.google.com/document/d/16Kh4_Q_tmyRh0-v452wiul9oQAiTRj8AdZ5vcOJum9Y/edit#; https://www.asiaone.com/singapore/what-you-need-know-about-soon-be-compulsory-tracetogether-system
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FinlandKoronavilkkuFinnish Institute of Health and Welfare2,500,00045.31%TBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
Finland's pilot app is no longer in use. The current app's privacy policy is well-documented.
https://docs.google.com/document/d/16Kh4_Q_tmyRh0-v452wiul9oQAiTRj8AdZ5vcOJum9Y/edit#
https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/finlands_coronavirus_tracing_app_to_launch_in_august/11384825
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NorwaySmittestoppNorwegian Institute of Public Health158,0002.94%50%Bluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
This is the second app deployed in Norway. The first was discontinued after privacy concerns.
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/ehealth/docs/covid-19_apps_annex_en.pdf
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/06/norway-covid19-contact-tracing-app-privacy-win/
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IrelandCovid TrackerHSE - Ireland's Health Services1,300,00026.33%25%Bluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
Unlike neighboring UK, Ireland opted to use the Google/Apple API from the outset. Northern Ireland's app works with apps in England, Jersey, Republic of Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.
https://www.irishtimes.com/business/technology/hse-covid-19-tracing-app-data-will-be-stored-on-individual-devices-1.4240304
https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-53525712
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New ZealandNZ COVID TracerMinistry of Health605,75112.45%TBD
Bluetooth, QR codes, Google/Apple
YYYNYCentralizedLaunched
New Zealand's app is based on a check-in system using QR codes in public areas. App revamped early Dec. 2020 to include Bluetooth and Apple/Google tech.
https://www.aei.org/technology-and-innovation/a-tale-of-two-contact-tracing-apps-lessons-from-australia-and-new-zealand/
https://theconversation.com/an-australia-nz-travel-bubble-needs-a-unified-covid-contact-tracing-app-were-not-there-151761
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KuwaitShlonikMinistry of HealthTBDTBDTBDLocationYTBDNNNCentralizedLaunched
A recent Amnesty International report highlighted Kuwait's app as one of the most invasive in the world.
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-53052395
https://www.theverge.com/2020/6/16/21293363/covid-19-contact-tracing-bahrain-kuwait-mass-surveillance-tools-privacy-invasion
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QatarEhterazMinistry of Public health2,531,62091.00%TBDBluetooth, LocationNTBDNNNCentralizedLaunched
The app is mandatory for all citizens and requires access to photos. It also had a major security breach upon launch.
https://m.gulf-times.com/story/663120/MoPH-Effective-contact-tracing-key-to-Covid-19-response
https://www.iloveqatar.net/coronavirus/guideTips/ehteraz-app-frequently-asked-questions
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North Macedonia
StopKoronaNextSenseTBDTBDTBDBluetoothYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
Android and iOS apps were launched in mid-April.
https://privacyinternational.org/examples/3690/north-macedonia-launches-bluetooth-based-contact-tracing-app
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Northern Ireland
StopCOVID NINI Ministry of HealthTBDTBDTBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYTBDTBDTBDTBDDecentralizedLaunched
Northern Ireland's app works with apps in England, Jersey, Republic of Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.
https://www.businesspost.ie/coronavirus/north-appoints-same-sofware-firm-as-south-to-develop-its-contact-tracing-app-6cbe4bf4
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BahrainBeAwareInformation & eGovernment Authority400,00025.49%TBDBluetooth, LocationYYTBDNNCentralizedLaunched
Though 25% of the country has downloaded BeAware, there is little public information about the app. As of Jan 2021, users can also schedule vaccine appointments via the app.
https://www.itv.com/news/2020-05-05/global-coronavirus-death-toll-tops-quarter-of-a-million/
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/06/bahrain-kuwait-norway-contact-tracing-apps-danger-for-privacy/
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EstoniaHOIA
Bytelogics, Cybernetica, Fujitsu Estonia, Guardtime, Icefire, Iglu, Mobi Lab, Mooncascade, Velvet
250,94418.88%TBD
Bluetooth, DP-3T, Google/Apple
YTBDTBDYYDecentralizedLaunchedLaunched 8/19/20.
https://e-estonia.com/trace-covid-19-while-respecting-privacy/
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CyprusCovTracer
Research Centre of Excellence on Information and Communication Technologies (RISE)
9,0000.77%50%LocationYNYYYDecentralizedLaunched
The Cypriot app was one of the earliest efforts to launch, all the way back in February.
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/ehealth/docs/covid-19_apps_annex_en.pdf
https://www.fhi.no/nyheter/2020/vi-trenger-flere-smittestopp-brukere/
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FijiCareFijiFiji Government and digitalFiji27,0003.06%TBDBluetoothYTBDTBDYYDecentralizedLaunched
CareFiji launched at the end of June and is modeled after the Singapore app TraceTogether.
https://www.fijitimes.com/all-government-issued-mobile-phones-must-have-carefiji-app/
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IcelandRakning C-19Iceland’s civil protection and emergency management team140,00038.45%TBDLocationYYYYYBoth?Launched
Iceland decided not to use Bluetooth because it was too unreliable and instead uses location data
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/ehealth/docs/covid-19_apps_annex_en.pdf
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GibraltarBeat Covid GibraltarHM Government of Gibraltar and the Gibraltar Health Authority9,00026.69%TBDBluetoothYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
Gibralter's app launched on June 18th and over 25% of the population has downloaded it. Works with apps in Northern Ireland, Jersey, Republic of Ireland, Scotland, England and Wales.
https://www.chronicle.gi/contact-tracing-app-to-be-rolled-out-this-week/
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AlgeriaAlgeria's AppTBDTBDTBDTBDTBDTBDTBDTBDTBDTBDTBDLaunched
Algeria's app was investigated by Amnesty International.
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-53052395
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BelgiumCoronalertInterfederal Committee for Testing and Tracing970,0008.37%15%
Bluetooth, Google/Apple, DP3T
YYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
Belgium's code is based on Germany's Corona-Warn app. It's open source and well-documented.
https://www.brusselstimes.com/all-news/belgium-all-news/117398/belgian-contact-tracing-app-to-be-developed-by-september/
https://www.rtbf.be/info/belgique/detail_coronalert-si-on-atteint-15-d-adhesion-de-la-population-on-sauve-des-vies-estime-axel-legay-concepteur-de-l-application-de-tracage?id=10596235
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CanadaCOVID AlertShopify/Blackberry5,314,02614.03%TBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
Canada's app has rolled out to 8 provinces and territories. Its website contains usage numbers and clear explanations of how it works.
https://business.financialpost.com/technology/shopify-blackberry-contact-tracing-app-tested-ontario?utm_term=Autofeed&utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Twitter
https://thestarphoenix.com/technology/tech-news/shopify-blackberry-and-ontario-to-help-canada-launch-contact-tracing-app/wcm/bdc8cef1-734b-4d89-b098-ffcf7dfce34b/
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DenmarkSmitte|stopNetCompany619,00010.69%TBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYYDecentralizedLaunched
In September, this app notified people they had been exposed when in fact they had not, due to a technical error.
http://cphpost.dk/?p=115021
https://smittestop.dk/databeskyttelse
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South AfricaCOVID Alert SASouth Africa Dept of Health600,0001.0%TBDBluetooth, Google/AppleYYYYTBDDecentralizedLaunched
South Africa tried several other contact tracing strategies before moving to this privacy-protecting option.
https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2020-10-13-covid-alert-sa-app-the-fine-balance-between-public-health-privacy-and-the-power-of-the-people/
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BangladeshCorona Tracer BDInformation and Commuication Technology division500,0000.3%TBDBluetooth, GPSYYNNTBDCentralizedLaunched
The app was built by Shohoz, an "online ride-sharing and ticketing platform." Months after its June release, the app had not proven to be very effective.
https://tbsnews.net/tech/covid-tracer-app-tests-negative-125629
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