(1) Energy Access - Stakeholders E-Consultation - Inputs High Level Dialogue on Energy (Responses)
This file compiles inputs from from non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations, academic institutions, the scientific community, the private sector, philanthropic organizations, major groups and other stakeholders as contributions to the preparatory process for the United Nations High Level Dialogue on Energy on the theme: "ENERGY ACCESS" . The United Nations does not represent or endorse the accuracy or reliability of any advice, opinion, statement or other information provided through this e-consultation. Our office reserves the right to delete any content/input that is not aligned with the United Nations Charter and/or the principles and purposes of the United Nations High Level Dialogue on Energy.
Name of OrganizationCountrySectorWhat are the three main challenges towards achieving SDG 7 energy access targets today?What are three concrete measures that should be taken by governments and stakeholders to address the main gaps and challenges related to SDG 7 energy access targets?Please, share one example of a concrete action that can be replicated/scaled up to support achieving SDG 7 targets related to energy access.
University of CoimbraPortugalEducation & Academic Entities1. Finance,
2. Economic and technological gaps in developing countries,
3. Lack clear policy and strategies to promote the involvement of the private sector as well as the local community.
1. Mobilization finance by the government as well as the private sector,
2. Support developing countries by any means to support their efforts to wards achieving SDG7,
3. Promote the involvement of the private sector
4. Develop a policy which allows the private sector to work efficiently to promote energy access in developing countries
GenDev Centre for Research and InnovationIndiaOther stakeholders active in areas related to sustainable development1. Social norms undervaluing women's work
2. Affordability, poor women do not have any financial control with them.
3. Fuel staking and not able to switch to primary cooking with clean energy.
1. Increasing opportunity cost of women's labour through income earning of women and their greater control over their earnings.
2. Ownership of land by rural women either individually or collectively.
3. Addressing gendered social norms that limit transitions to clean cooking and modern energy services.

Government of India's countrywide program on women's access to LPG for cooking, generally known as Ujjwala Program.
N/A (Individual/Independent)PhilippinesChildren & YouthAccess to energy is a vital tool to have access to basic and essential services to thrive such as electricity/power, transportation and cooking. To have poor to no access to affordable, reliable, and sustainable energy is a major hurdle, thus the need to ensure that every single one in this planet can be afforded with it. However, it is quite a difficult task, and here are some challenges that hampers the progress in providing basic energy access to every citizen:

1) Lack of energy investments especially by the government itself (especially renewable energy investments) due to lack of financial capacity or unattractive economy (foreign investors);
2) Geographic location and resource availability, especially for far-flung areas; and
3) Continuing dependence to unsustainable fossil fuel resources, especially coal.

(Also another could be the high cost of electricity in some countries with poor economic profiles whose citizens find it difficult to afford the electricity provided by their public utilities.)
This issue is an opportunity for governments to transform their energy landscapes into more inclusive and more sustainable ones. As an opportunity, here are some well-thought suggestions on how to overcome some hurdles with respect to energy access:

1) Invest more on variable renewable energy technology (with battery and/or storage) especially for communities with no access to energy like far-flung areas;
2) Create more policies that would enable easier access to basic electricity such as government subsidies on electricity price, incentivizing renewable energy investments, develop localized energy roadmaps to ensure inclusive and targeted end-users; and
3) Pull few streams of government cash flow towards renewable and sustainable energy research and development
Here in my province (Palawan Philippines), the social arm of Shell Philippines has been collaborating with the Department of Energy in providing basic electricity access to far-flung communities. One of its projects is called A2E or Access to Energy which utilizes available and renewable energy resources in far-flung and often indigenous communities. Some of their projects involve hybrid of solar and hydro which delivers both clean energy and clean drinking water. Learn more about their project and other sustainable projects here:

(1) LINK 1 (2) LINK 2
Governance and forest initiativestanzaniaNon-Governmental Organization1. Poor administrative capacity of the local leaders to cement the base for community access to energy.
2. External pressure from other government leaders are whos actions and words rely on politics only.
3. Science has no place
1. Capacity building and mobilizing the local community to make leaders responsible
2. To ensure leaders act according to the laws
For example: the community member in certain village mobilize themselves and establish a milling machine which use electricity. after a lot of consultations and dialogue with local government and officials they got electricity supply in their village. That takes almost three years because there are a lot of delays due political issues.
Manamuz Electric LTD NigeriaBusiness & IndustryFinancing: Local or rural based organizations closer to the people in need of energy do not get access to financial support, even with pool of funding opportunities available.

Bureaucracy: excessively complicated administrative procedures needs to be cut down, so small and local organizations can also bid for grants and funding opportunities. Focus should be on capacity and technical competence to deliver. These local organizations are the ones that can bring energy access to rural communities that are really in need of them.

Profit only: Government and investors sometimes focus only on economic viable areas, where they can make huge profit, but everyone needs access to sustainable energy, no matter where they are located. What matters is financial sustainability of the project or intervention.
Involve Everyone: To close the energy deficit/gap, everyone needs to be carried along; small/medium organizations, NGOs, big companies/enterprises, Government agencies, and other stakeholders in the Private Sector. When everyone is involved, frameworks that have been designed in the past will work seamlessly.

Due Diligence: Proper due diligence processes should be carried out to ensure that organizations that receive financing or funding from NGOs, Government, or Private Investors, use the funds for the exact purpose it was designed for.

Governments and stake holders should create measures to depopulate the urban areas by getting people to migrate to rural area. This can be done by building industries and creating employment opportunities in rural communities. When people migrate to rural communities, there will be motivation to invest in energy access in those communities.
Investments in interventions that ensures productive use of energy such as healthcare, agricultural, education, businesses, and other industrial activities.

Clean Cooking Association of Kenya (CCAK)KenyaNon-Governmental OrganizationInadequate Policies and poor implementation: Some policies that exist do not support achievement of SDG7, this include high taxes on renewable energy which makes it difficult to ensure all have access by 2030. Clean cooking has lagged behind compared to electrification, hence need for policies that will emphasize on the need for clean cooking
Lack of awareness: Most people especially those in the rural areas are not aware of SDG7 and existing renewable energy that can enable them access energy. The women still use traditional cooking technologies including open fires, while there are new cooking technologies.
COVID-19: The pandemic has contributed greatly to this as most organizations and existing projects have not been implemented well for the past one year. This has slowed down the process towards achieving SDG7
New innovation: there is need for new innovation on how to progress with the SDG7 target despite COVID pandemic. the projects that slowed down need to restart again
Proper policies: Policies that support energy access, Governments to reduce taxes on renewable energy for easy of penetration and adoption by communities, as products will be easily affordable
Awareness creation: there is need for more awareness creation more so to the rural areas and the vulnerable women on energy access, what it means and the benefits
Cleaner Cooking CoalitionGlobalOther stakeholders active in areas related to sustainable development1) billions of people depend on wood and other biomass to cook their daily meals and that for many of them, particularly the rural poor, it will be the only fuel option available for decades to come
2) across the world biomass continues to be burned inefficiently, in unvented and pollution-emitting devices that are globally responsible for four million avoidable deaths annually; for severe forest degradation in specific areas; and for the large-scale emission of greenhouse gases
3) families regularly make parallel use of multiple devices and fuels for different types of cooking practices and other tasks, which is an approach known as ‘stacking’. Accordingly, we recommend holistic approaches to sustainable cooking that address all elements of the ‘stack’
1) provision of the large-scale funding which is profoundly needed for the sustainable cooking sector that prioritises those initiatives that provide immediate emissions reductions and social benefits to the communities most vulnerable to climate change
2) clarification of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 7 as it currently stands, to the effect that biomass and biomass-burning devices can meet the definition of clean fuels and stoves (wood and other biomass, when managed and treated properly and burned in efficient devices, can provide a low-emission, affordable, readily available, sustainable energy source & advances in biomass-burning devices, fuel processing, and distribution have demonstrated that biomass can be one of the cleanest energy options)
3) sector-wide discussion to re-define sustainable energy indicators that are technology and fuel neutral and reflect true access to affordable, reliable, and sustainable energy for all
Diversity of solutions, including biomass options, is needed to satisfy the wide range of household energy needs and to achieve international goals on human health, environmental quality, climate change mitigation and energy justice
Montagnard indigenous people Christian organization (mipco)United statesNon-Governmental Organizationn/an/an/a
Uso Inteligente ASV ACMéxicoNon-Governmental Organization1) Cultural knowledge of measurement of energy uses and consumes from house holders and industry. 2) Investment and implementation of improvements of technology for house holders and industry 3) governance to support Public-Private- and personal investments (specially in Mexico)1) take advantage of the actual infrastructure of CFE in Mexico 2) not allow the government to keep control of energy sector 3) Open Public and Private investment, also individual households investments. guide householders to use actual tools how to make a proper analysis of energy uses and consumes, such as an action plan to improve better uses, accessories and technology.
F.A.L.C.O.N AssociationMauritiusNon-Governmental OrganizationLimited access to capital for investing in green technology; Lack of model farms; Poor governmental supportSpecial funds allocation for farmers to invest in green technology; Assembling all farmers around the discussion table to provide a deeper and accurate insight of the real challenges and relevant assistance that need to be provided to the farmers; creating a national Farmers Association for continuous dialogues and engagement.The P.E.A.S Model farm of F.A.L.C.O.N Association engages in Agroecological activities which is inclusive of organic cultures, aquaponics, developing own seed banks, setting up of a solar sheltered green house (capturing light through solar photovoltaic positioned on top of greenhouse and selling the electrical energy to the Central Electricity Board of Mauritius while cultivating organic crops under the solar sheltered greenhouse )

LINK (Facebook link for greater visibility)
ClimLaw research Institute - University of GrazAustriaEducation & Academic Entities1. The trade off between energy access and renewable sources of energy
2. Declining or limited skills and resources which support energy access for all
3. Providing energy access to rural or indigenous communities who are not catered for on main electricity grids
1. Research non-evasive solutions for rural and indigenous communities, such as energy communities or mini grids
2. Look into ways to ensure that non-renewable energy sources can be utilised in the short term to provide energy access but to be eventually transitioned to renewable sources
3. Encourage stakeholder dialogues for citizens to provide opportunities to connect personal renewable energy sources within the greater electricty grid, thus encourgaing mini grids in various areas.
Sustainable Development And Response (STAR) FoundationPakistanNon-Governmental Organization1- Access to the electricity especially in poor countries is a big challenge
2- Efficient energy is lacking and consumers are unable to get the economical energy for their household usage.
3- Need to improvise alternative sources of energies in order to get most economical and efficient energy source at doorstep by the local communities.
Developed world is having sufficient resources as well as systems and enjoying the best options of the energy usage, however in poor countries like Africa, South & South-East Asia and other parts of the glob need these energy sources for the usage that is still a dream which should come true for them.
1- Introduction and initiatives of alternative energy sources
2- Renewable energy resources installation and usage promotion
3- Every sort of financial, technical and man-power support extended to deprived regions of the glob.
All the above mentioned initiatives and steps will helpful largely to get the SDG-7 targets at global level.
I can quote the example of Pakistan that the present government is quite vigilant and active in attaining the goals of SDGs at national level. In this regard, their commendable initiatives and activities are launching of billion tree plantation, comprehensive usage of solar power energy at all the public department, offices and organizations including the national and provincial parliaments. By the time the effectiveness of these initiatives are leading towards the ultimate SDGs targets achievements swiftly. World can follow these initiatives at their country level.
Manamuz ElectricNigeriaBusiness & IndustryFirst , access to Finance has been a major challenge in the Energy sector and achieving the SDG 7 energy access targets. Finances has been limited over the years for Governments and the private sector to fund energy projects which will ensure SDG7 goal is achieved. Without adequate funding , dreams achieving SDG7 will be stalled.

Secondly, another critical challenge which faces the energy access targets is the Energy Policy of member countries. It's unfortunate to note that many countries don't have strong policies which will ensure and enforce the targets for achieving improved energy access through sustainable energy sources.

Another very visible challenge in the energy sector relates to Affordability of these energy infrastructure for the Energy users. The prospects of SDG7 champions Sustainability, Reliability and Affordability ; sustainable and reliable systems are making progress, but not much has been achieved in ensuring access to energy is affordable.
Governments and Stakeholders should increase their budgetary provisions for the Energy sector. More funds should be made available to execute Power Projects in the Renewable Energy sector which will aid in achieve SDG7 in no distant time.

There should be a review of the energy policies of many countries to allow more private sector participation to drive the Energy access plans. Energy Policy that will decentralise the Power networks and create room for more mini and micro grids. Central Grid systems with power coming from the federal governments hasn't been very efficient in many countries . Energy Policy that will empower states and local councils to structure their grid systems will be very helpful to achieve SDG7 energy access.

Lastly, there should be a budget for research and development projects in our research institutes and Universities, focused on driving down the cost power equipment. These research should come up with improved designs which are efficient but cost lesser than what is obtainable now. With this, energy access systems will be more affordable for the energy users whom are the targets for achieving SDG7.
The Nigerian Electrification Programme being implemented by the Rural Electrification Agency (REA) in Nigeria is a good example of a concrete action that can be scaled up. Under these projects , there is the "Energizing Education Programme" , "Energizing Economies Programme" , "mini grids for underserved areas" and many other energy projects geared towards achieving SDG7 targets related to energy access. The work REA is doing in Nigeria is very commendable and can be scaled up to benefit more people.
Loughborough UniversityUnited KingdomEducation & Academic EntitiesAffordability of the households who currently have no or inadequate access; appropriateness of the offered technologies, especially in the cooking sector; insufficient investment into the energy access sectorFacilitate financial guarantees for investors/companies willing to work on energy access; develop innovative financial mechanisms that can enable greater affordability for the end-users; promote technology co-design over top-down approaches so that the end-users are involved from the start, resulting in solutions more responsive to the needs, more user friendly and ultimately more likely to be adopted by the end-usersPay as You Go delivery models are prevalent in the electrification sector, particularly off-grid solar. There are lots of lessons to be learnt from that sector and applied to the cooking sector, with PAYG models applicable to the provision of LPG< electric cooking, ethanol, biogas. These efforts should be scaled up.
Sustainable Energy Access Forum KenyaKenyaNon-Governmental Organization1. Unfriendly policies such as high taxes on renewable energy products like solar which results in high costs of access to clean energy products and services.
2. Lack of efficient and effective electricity infrastructure thus making electricity access unreliable - This causes people to result to other unsustainable sources
3. Cultural practices which dictate the use of an energy source e.g. for cooking. Most cultures in Kenya prefer using biomass for cooking thus derailing efforts in achieving SDG7 goals.
1. Advocate for favorable policies by the government to facilitate the uptake of renewable energy products and services such as solar.
2. The government to put in place efficient infrastructure e.g. The Last Mile Connectivity project currently being implemented. Proper infrastructure will enhance the reliability of electricity supply e.g. response to issues of power outages.
3. Awareness creation on the effects of using unclean sources of energy on the environment and on the positives of adopting clean and sustainable energy sources.
The Last Mile Connectivity Project (LMCP) which aims to optimize the use of selected Kenya Power and Lighting Company's (KPLC) 45 000 distribution transformers located in the 47 counties, through the extension of the low voltage network. The project focuses on supporting the Kenyan government’s initiatives aimed at improving access to electricity for the Kenyans, especially the low income groups. The Government of Kenya is committed to increase the populations’ access to electricity from 53% in 2016 to 100% in 2020.

Climate Emergency InstituteCanadaNon-Governmental OrganizationGovernment fossil fuel subsidies, fossil fuel externalization of socio-economic costs with failure of governments to charge fossil fuel corporations the full costs costs Immediate termination of Earth destroying fossil fuel subsidies by all governments, immediate charge to fossil fuel corporations of full costs of all pollution, prohibit fossil fuel financing by the banking and investment sectorGovernments immediately terminate all fossil fuel subsidies and incentives, to include externalized costs (as IMF)
Let There Be Light InternationalUnited StatesNon-Governmental OrganizationFunding, Energy Safety Nets for pre-market communities and people living in extreme poverty, and reliable products available in remote, resource-constrained settingsReduce/eliminate fossil fuel subsidies, reduce/eliminate tariffs on solar products, link health ministries and energy ministries to amplify impactSafe Births + Healthy Homes is a scalable maternal and infant health project in Uganda that pairs the solar-electrification of off-grid rural health clinics with awareness raising in the community about the benefits of safe solar lighting in off-grid homes and the incentive of a solar light for new mothers who deliver in the clinics with trained birth attendants rather than at home or in the community with a Traditional Birth Attendant (TBA). Impacts include increased rates of attended births and improved health and safety in off-grid homes during the critical infancy period as well as increased women's empowerment, productive use, educational indicators, and ITN usage when open-flamed kerosene and candles are eliminated. LINK
Charles Darwin UniversityAustraliaEducation & Academic Entities1.Demonstrating to governments and communities that off-grid renewable energy models of energy service delivery can provide communities with sufficient energy for businesses, public and community services and homes.
2. Establishing robust community energy planning processes which empower communities to shape energy systems to their local livelihoods and context , and provide for system growth as energy demands increase or change.
3. Establishing robust servicing and maintenance systems and long term waste management plans based on community skills and management capacity, which can be grown over time.
1. Create/identify a number of off-grid renewable energy demonstration communities, in different climate zones, nations and of varying sizes to be profiled for Governments and stakeholders. These demonstration communities can form the basis for establishing energy governance training that can underpin more robust energy planning and program development. Additionally, energy governance training would create a network of energy access professionals who can build knowledge and capacity that spans local, regional and national boundaries.
2. Identify several best practice community energy planning processes which are flexible and can be adapted to different local contexts. Subsequently, establish training for energy access policy-makers, financiers, NGO's and community delegates in adaptable community energy planning.
3. Identify several best practice servicing and maintenance systems and waste management programs which can be adapted to different local contexts. Subsequently, establish training for energy access policy-makers, financiers, NGO's and community delegates in adaptable service and maintenance regimes.
The Remote Indigenous Energy Program (Bushlight) in Australia: in particular their community planning model and maintenance and servicing model, and community capacity building.

Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI)SwedenNon-Governmental Organization-the need for integrated solutions for providing clean water, sanitation and energy in developing areas

-the need for investment and support to provide access to energy in forms that are less polluting to the climate and water.

-rising demand for water and energy, further complicated by global pandemics such as Covid-19
-harnessing the potential of well managed small hydropower for electrification - biogas provided through sanitation solutions
The Energy and Resources InstituteIndiaNon-Governmental Organization1. In India, although 100% electrification through extension of grid has been achieved yet availability of grid remains questionable with several rural villages receiving grid electricity only for a defined number of hours per day. The extension of grid in the country was planned initially to cater to basic lighting requirements of households which has resulted in villages receiving electricity either in only public areas such as streetlights, local government offices or in a few households.
2. The reliability of grid remains another challenge with several peri-urban and rural locations encountering poor quality of electricity, frequent power cuts due to load shedding during high demand season and voltage fluctuations being some of the commonly reported issues. High transmission and distribution losses also add on to the challenges with rural areas suffering the most. While household basic lighting needs may be realized by relying only on grid electricity, livelihood generation activities such as running a small business or cottage industry are still not possible.
3. Affordability of grid quality electricity is the third major challenge that is encountered. The per unit cost of electricity is different for different regions in India. Small businesses and cottage industries are still reluctant to opt for commercial connections due to their profits being low and cost of electricity being high. Due to this reason, theft of electricity is still high in India.
1 While there are policies for 24x7 reliable electricity provision for every village and hamlet in India, the goal has not been reached. To make electricity available, reliable and affordable, the integration of locally found fuel such as crop residue, wind, solar etc. for operating decentralized energy systems should be focused upon. Locally available clean fuel would provide power and also minimize waste generation such as in case of gasifiers based on crop residue.
2. Distributed energy systems should be promoted and included in the energy mix especially in rural areas where they could also provide electricity for livelihood generation activities, operating cold chains for storage of perishable produce and medicines, providing electricity for basic healthcare etc.
3. Integration of distributed systems with grid is required as a co-existed system where conventional and renewable power support each other is essential for strengthening the entire electricity distribution system. Distributed systems will also act as local ancillary services in case of overloading during peak demand season.
A pilot under Mission Innovation initiative is being implemented in 2 remote villages in Orissa, India. The villages comprise of tribal communities with dependence on seasonal agriculture or daily wage labour for livelihood. 2 solar PV-biomass hybrid electricity micro grid solutions are being implemented in the respective villages along with cold storage system that will operate using waste heat from engine exhaust of biomass gasifier and will also be backed up by solar PV. Women self help group in the villages will utilize the cold storage system for storage of perishable farm produce, solar PV will electrify households and biomass gasifier will be used for operating small cottage industries/ businesses.

HEED (Coventry University, PA, and Scene)United KingdomEducation & Academic Entities1.Inclusivity of energy access for displaced populations: There are currently 80 million forcibly displaced people and 26 million refugees, globally, the average time spent in a refugee camp is estimated at 18 years and 97% of displaced populations in camps have no or limited access to electricity. It is estimated only 7 million people in camps have access to electricity for less than 4 hours/day. Access is limited due to lack of government policies, infrastructure, access too hard to reach areas where many displaced populations live.
2.Lack of access to energy markets and technologies for displaced populations: With no market structure for energy or fuel access in rural areas and refugee camps, gender issues and tensions between host communities and displaced populations occur. Also, the distribution of free energy products to displaced people by humanitarian agencies may not be useful or fit for purpose in the specific country or community context. Therefore, displaced populations need access to energy resources and technologies that suit their needs by appropriate means and markets.
3.Finance for renewable energy systems for displaced populations: without finance and funding that is geared towards displaced populations, humanitarian agencies and NGOs will continue to supply energy solutions in an ad hoc manner or as pilot projects. To encourage sustainable energy solutions there needs to be higher investment in solutions that include displaced and host communities.
1.Energy policy reform: Energy policy reform at refugee host country level needs to be inclusive of displaced populations. Such energy policies need to be inclusive of all, in camp and in rural host community settings. Such reforms should be connected to concrete measures associated with energy infrastructure and supply, clearer regulations associated with clean energy and energy efficiency guidelines and standards. With reforms on taxation of renewable energy interventions, and clear governance and finance mechanisms that include displaced populations in the host country.
2.Enabling private sector access to complex humanitarian contexts: This will encourage greater ownership and sustainability of energy technologies by the private sector. It will also encourage additional and much needed data outlining the energy needs and uses for these populations. This will also engage the energy expertise of the private sector in these locations and enable quicker and safer access to clean and reliable energy technologies and sources.
3.Prioritisation of energy funding for displacement settings: There is a high level need to increase the prioritisation of humanitarian energy funding by donor governments, non-traditional donors (private sector and foundations) and NGOs working in the refugee hosting country. There needs to be clear guidelines and priorities that encourage funding and financial investments during the entire lifecycle of energy projects that will ensure sustainability.
Without concrete policy actions that are inclusive of displaced populations, the acceleration of energy access for all will not be met. Refugee camps and displacement contexts are often complex and usually based in rural areas making them hard to reach with limited access to energy infrastructure and energy markets in the hosting country. Recent energy access solutions have introduced interventions that include microgrids based on renewable energy sources in these camp settings. However, alone, these interventions will not solve the problem. There is a need for better planning, inclusive co-designing of energy interventions, better regulations and availability of technologies and more inclusive policies at the host government level particularly in camp settings.
Arusha Technical CollegeTanzaniaEducation & Academic EntitiesGrid extension to rural community was not easy due to sparse population
Undeveloped available renewable energy resources
Few and incompetent technical personnel in the area of energy
Establishment of stanalone systems for those who stayed far way from grid
Strentherning training programmes specializing on energy sector
Maximum utilization of available renewable energy in various location such as wind, solar, bionergy, geothermal etc.
Renewable energy development is the priority so as to increase electricity connection. The 5-year National Development Plan (2016 -2021) has a strong focus on boosting renewable energy sources including hydro, solar, biomass, wind and geothermal.
It is a well-known fact that energy supply to (rural) areas has a direct potential to alleviate poverty at household level. In addition there is great potential for small scale business to be involved in renewable energy supply, which in turn can lead to income generation and job creation.
Tanzania has good potential of renewable energy that needs technical personnel to develop. Therefore, establishment of tailor made courses in renewable energy shall increase access to energy more resources shall be developed
ICLEI AfricaSouth AfricaNon-Governmental Organization1. Many countries in Africa have large areas of coverage which creates a huge challenge in terms of either looking at multiple areas for decentralised energy solutions.
2. Access to finance - this extends to both the availability of finance locally and nationally as well as an understanding of how to access and the capacity to access international finance.
3. Lack of multilevel governance - implementation happens at the local level, whereas the energy portfolio is usually held at the national level. Without strong multilevel governance in decision making and implementation, local governments aren't able to quickly respond to the energy needs of their constituents.
1. Investment in innovative business models to ease distribution and enhance affordability that are very relevant in Africa and could easily be scaled up. These include, pay as you go business models for electricity and clean cooking solutions and the Feed-in-tariff model for decentralized electricity access.
2. Local governments could commit to the Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa, where they can get support in building their capacity in energy planning and access to finance.
3. National and local governments could work with city networks to develop and implement multilevel governance systems to include local government in decision making processes.
By committing to the Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa, cities and regions commit to developing a Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan. This process systematically takes local governments through the planning process necessary to identify energy actions that are appropriate and best suited for their context. Rolling out the CoM SSA as a national programme, could provide a framework for planning in the energy sector of that country, increase ambition and support increased access to energy.
Grameen ShaktiBangladeshNon-Governmental Organization1) Lack of policy inclination and willingness to achieve the SDG goal activities,
2) Involvement of private sector at the ground level to provide energy access service in sustainable manner.
3) Less priority and action on clean cooking
1) Global coordination and innovative means through which support and if required restriction will be applied to create country level high policy inclination and willingness to achieve the SDG goal activities, Proper coordination among different Govt. agenda
2) Create new model and scale up/replicate existing successful models to disseminate clean energy solutions.
3) Combined electricity and cooking goal, as well as, offer clean cooking as a comprehensive solution that includes ICS and cooking fuel.
The Solar Home System in Bangladesh is quite successful. Currently benefiting over 13% of the total population. The appropriate and concrete financial and operational model of the SHS program helped to reach the milestone. Similar appropriate model can be developed for other clean energy/energy efficiency technologies
MOUSSTAKBALNEGOCEBurkina FasoBusiness & Industry- Lack of government will for the implementation of energy policies and laws favorable to the promotion of independent electricity producers, the liberalization of the sale of electricity, tax relief related to the import-export of energy technologies renewable.

- Very low technologies transfer and skills from the countries of the North (Developed countries) to those of the South (Third World), through training and education in renewable energy professions (necessary to demystify the field, and loosen mentalities populations that are sorely lacking in awareness of the advantages of green energies), and the creation of local applied research laboratories.

- Lack of access to public and private funding from financial institutions to support innovative energy projects and initiatives, especially in rural areasand also lack of real energy data needs from rural households to industries
- Implementation of energy policies and laws favorable to the promotion of independent electricity producers, liberalization of the sale of electricity, energy efficiency of structures, tax relief related to the import-export of energy technologies renewable.

- Establish scientific partnerships between international renowned academic institutions of excellence and research laboratories, by increasing excellent professionnal and academic local trainings, in order to promote adequate technology transfer between developed countries and those of the third world which are the most vulnerable.

- Set up specific energy financial funds (public and privates) to supports innovative energy access projects and initiatives (Start-ups and SMEs), and also to support audits and energy efficiency missions for all types of structures, starting with the largest energy consumers (industries and factories), up to households.

Transforming all roads and highways infrastructures in power plants, by integrating new energy innovative technologies such as piezoelectric and thermoelectric generators inside roads pavements structures, during their construction. This innovation will produce a continuous, reliable, affordable and sustainable renewable energy close to consumers. positive energy roads are a suitable concrete action that can be replicated in any context, but just differs from the final application
Centro para la Autonomía y Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas Nicaragua Indigenous Peoples1. Finance, 2. Inclusion of indigenous peoples or local communities vision, 3. Right based approach1. Strong policy in place that with inclusion of the most marginalize groups as indigenous peoples, women and youth, 2. Support financial and technically local/community lead actions, 3. Implementation of the free, prior and informed consent in programas/project in indigenous peoples areas. The Renewal Energy Partnership of Indigenous Peoples, is an indigenous lead initative that promote a human rights-based approach to access renewable energy development in indigenous territories. These approaches can have multiple co-benefits, including greater community wealth and cohesion.We are working through the Indigenous Peoples Major Group, to raise awareness of the importance of the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples in access to energy issues. This initiative is an indigenous led initiative to empower the indigenous communities to offer innovative renewable energy solutions and could be major contributors to solving problems around energy access and clean energy. LINK
e^2 = equitable energyUnited StatesSocial enterprise1/ Finance – There is insufficient mobilization of patient, risk capital at scale to de-risk private/blended investment flows in DER/DREs, particularly in last-mile off-grid settings

2/ “Commanding heights” of legacy, centralized power systems – The full potential and power of distributed renewable energy models and technologies, such as mini/microgrids + storage, are not realized on account of prioritizing greenfield investments, or improvements, in top-down centralized grid infrastructure and which is not integrated with off-grid energy generation assets in a holistic systems approach.

3/ Public awareness –There is a lack of mainstream awareness of: the inequities of energy inaccessibility, that we cannot eradicate extreme poverty without ending energy poverty; of the energy-climate-health nexus (especially on women and children), or health and climate impacts from “dirty energy” use; and of the central role of energy access to advancing all dimensions of human and economic development – the “golden thread” to achieving all the SDGs. Energy poverty/access remains a niche issue largely limited to the international development space and not as widely recognized as universal human/civil rights or ending cancer or HIV/AIDS.
1/ Establish “The Global Fund to End Energy Poverty” (GFEEP) or [Global Fund]^energy can be modeled on the scale and scope of GAVI or UN Global Fund. GFEEP would blend philanthropic, private, and public sector funding. Partnering with philanthropies, private corporations, and banks, the Fund would leverage debt markets to raise capital from sustainability-linked credit facilities & green bonds; design bespoke portfolio structures & syndicated vehicles; and work with DFIs & ECAs to provide guarantees for DRE developers & equipment exporters. Philanthropies can channel funds via recoverable grants to the Fund. Finally, Fund would partner with governments to negotiate “Debt-for-Clean Energy” swaps; facilitate and become designated custodian of converted sovereign debts into evergreen capital for clean energy to advance subject country’s Paris-aligned NDCs.
2/ Inter/national policy supports and regulatory reforms should prioritize at scale deployment of DRE (see work of GCEEP) like mini/microgrids. This should include swift adoption of a universal Distributed Renewable Energy Certificate or D-REC, and enabled for bundling & trading with related SDG credits.
3/ To create mass public awareness of energy poverty/SDG 7, launch a multi-stakeholder platform, operating as a cause-marketing campaign that leverages companies, conservationists, climate advocates, and consumers, both at the top & base of the pyramid, to generate awareness, inspire advocacy, activate, and spur SDG7 actions.
Bono’s Product (RED) campaign is an illustrative model that has inspired and informed the inputs. (RED) is a highly popular and impactful cause-marketing campaign that has leveraged brands and consumers to support millions of people affected by HIV/AIDS and now COVID-19 by way of the Global Fund. See LINK

It is proposed here that launch of a similar platform be supported, one that links consumer micro-crowdfunding for climate actions to energy access projects

(Disclosure: submitting entity is developing a platform as conceptually described hereabove.)