Haplogroup M Tree
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Y-DNA Haplogroup M and its Subclades - 2018
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Downloading this spreadsheet as Excel retains format better than copying. Links may not copy to new sheet.
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The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the
Main Page.
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Directions for citing the document are listed on
Main Page.
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Version History
Last revision date for this specific page: 1 January 2018
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Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes, and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated.
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If the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page, then:
Email Ray Banks
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LINKS:Glossary
Main Page
Y-DNA Tree Trunk
SNP Index
Papers/Presentations Cited
Listing Criteria
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FONT COLORS:
Newly confirmed in 2018 within subclade
Confirmed within subclade
Investigational items
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SYMBOLS:
^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
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^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
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~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.
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The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing done in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.
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SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup
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Contact Person for Haplogroup M:
Tim Janzen
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MP256, Page93/S322
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M1M4, M5/P73, M106, M186, M189, M296
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M1~CTS7357.2, FGC13408.2,/Z1639.2, FGC29215, M5991, Page1, PH4279, PH3025, SK1828, SK1845, SK1846, SK1847, SK1848, SK1849, SK1850, SK1851, SK1852, SK1853, SK1854, SK1855, SK1856, SK1857, Y1422.2/Z8214.2, YSC0000696, Z376.2, Z30832, Z30839, Z30840, Z30841, Z30890, Z30891, Z30892, Z30893, Z30894, Z30895, Z30896, Z30897, Z30898, Z30899, Z30900, Z30901, Z30902, Z30903, Z30904, Z30905, Z30908, Z30909, Z30910, Z30911, Z30912, Z30913, Z30914, Z30915, Z30916, Z30918, Z30919, Z30921, Z30922, Z30923, Z30924, Z30925, Z30926, Z30929, Z30930, Z30931, Z30932, Z30933, Z30934, Z30935, Z30936, Z30939, Z30940, Z30942, Z30943, Z30944, Z30945, Z30948, Z30949, Z30950, Z30951, Z30952, Z30953, Z30054, Z30955, Z30956, Z30957, Z30958, Z30959, Z30960, Z30961, Z30962, Z30963, Z30964, Z30965, Z30966, Z30967, Z30968, Z30972, Z30975, Z30976, Z30977, Z30978, Z30979, Z30980, Z30981, Z30982, Z30983, Z30984, Z30985, Z30986, Z30987, Z30988, Z30989, Z30991, Z30992, Z30993, Z30994, Z30995, Z30996, Z30997, Z30998, Z30999, Z31001, Z31002, Z31004, Z31006, Z31008, Z31009, Z31010, Z31011, Z31012, Z31013, Z31014, Z31015, Z31016, Z31017, Z31018, Z31019, Z31020, Z31021, Z31022, Z31023, Z31024, Z31025, Z31026, Z31028, Z31029, Z31030, Z31031, Z31032, Z31033, Z31034, Z31035, Z31036, Z31037, Z31038, Z31039, Z31040, Z31041, Z31042, Z31043, Z31044, Z31045, Z31048, Z31049, Z31050, Z31051, Z31052, Z31054, Z31055, Z31056, Z31057, Z31058, Z31059, Z31061, Z31063, Z31064, Z31065, Z31066, Z31067, Z31068, Z31069, Z31070, Z31071, Z31072, Z31073, Z31074, Z31075, Z31076, Z31077, Z31078, Z31080, Z31081, Z31082, Z31083, Z31085, Z31086, Z31087, Z31088, Z31089, Z31090, Z31093, Z31094, Z31095, Z31096, Z31097, Z31099, Z31100, Z31101, Z31102, Z31103, Z31104, Z31105, Z31106, Z31107, Z31108, Z31110, Z31111, Z31112, Z31113, Z31114, Z31115, Z31116, Z31117, Z31133, Z31134, Z31136, Z31137, Z31138, Z31140, Z31141, Z31143. Z31144. Z31145, Z31147, Z31148, Z31149, Z31150, Z31152, Z31153, Z31154, Z31155, Z31156, Z31157, Z31159, Z31160, Z31161, Z31162, Z31163, Z31164, Z31165, Z31166, Z31167, Z31168, Z31169, Z31170, Z31171, Z31172, Z31173, Z31174, Z31175, Z31181, Z31182, Z31183, Z31184, Z31185, Z31187, Z31188, Z31189, Z31190. Z31191, Z31192. Z31193, Z31194, Z31195, Z31196, Z31197, Z31198, Z33312, Z33344, Z43395, Z43396, Z43397, Z43398, Z43399, Z43400, Z34401, Z34402, Z34403, Z34404, Z34405, Z34406, Z43407, Z43408, Z43409, Z43410
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M1aBY8413.1/Z30938.1, SK1869, Z30835, Z30907, Z30917, Z30920, Z30928, Z30937, Z31000, Z31005, Z31007, Z31046, Z31060, Z31062, Z31079, Z31151, Z31158
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M1a1~P94
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M1a2Z30928, Z31007, Z31146
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M1a2aP87
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M1a2a1
M104_1^^/P22_1^^, M104_2^^/P22_2^^
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M1a2a1~
F2561/Page67
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M1a2a1~FGC24709, FGC36703, SK1877, SK1879, Z42236, Z42237, Z42238, Z42239, Z42240, Z42241, Z42242, Z42243, Z42244, Z42245, Z42246, Z42247, Z42248, Z42249, Z42250, Z42251, Z42252, Z42253, Z42254, Z42255, Z42256, Z42257, Z42258, Z42259, Z42260, Z42261, Z42262, Z42263, Z42264, Z42265, Z42266, Z42267, Z42268, Z42269, Z42270, Z42271, Z42272, Z42273, Z42274, Z42275, Z42276, Z42277, Z42278, Z42279, Z42280
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M1a2a1aM16
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M1a2a1bM83
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M1a2a1b~
SK1881, Z42285, Z42286, Z42287
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M1a2a1c~
SK1880, Z42281, Z42282, Z42283, Z42284
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M1a3~
Z33330, Z33345, Z42288
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M1a3a~
P51, SK1872, Z42289, Z42290, Z42291, Z42292
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M1a3bB256, SK1882, Z31135, Z33309, Z33313, Z33318, Z33319, Z33323, Z33325, Z33331, Z33336, Z33343, Z33347, Z33348, Z33350
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M1a3b~
Z33310, Z33311, Z33317, Z33320, Z33321, Z33324, Z33326, Z33327, Z33332, Z33337, Z33341, Z33351
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M1a3b1
Z33322, Z33328
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M1a3b1~
Z33114. Z33315, Z33316, Z33317, Z33329, Z33333, Z33339, Z33340, Z33342
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M1a3b1a~
SK1889, Z42293, Z42294, Z42295, Z42296
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M1a3b1bZ42297, Z42298, Z42299. Z42300, Z42301, Z42302, Z42303, Z42304, Z42305, Z42306, Z42307, Z42308, Z42309, Z42310, Z42311, Z42312, Z42313, Z42314, Z42315, Z42307, Z42308, Z42309, Z42310, Z42311, Z42312, Z42313, Z42314, Z42315, Z42316, Z42317. Z42318, Z42319, Z42320, Z42321, Z42322
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M1a3b1b1~
Z42323, Z42324, Z42325, Z42326, Z42327
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M1a3b1b2~
BY3630.2, F1295.2, Z42328, Z42329, Z42330
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M1a3b1cB269, Z31204, Z33269, Z33270, Z33271, Z33272, Z33273, Z33274, Z33276, Z33277, Z33278, Z33279, Z33280, Z33281, Z33282, Z33283, Z33284, Z33277, Z33278, Z33279, Z33280, Z33281, Z33282, Z33283, Z33284, Z33285, Z33286, Z33288, Z33289, Z33290, Z33291, Z33292, Z33293, Z33295, Z33296, Z33297, Z33298, Z33299, Z33300
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M1a3b1c1~
B271, Z33302, Z33305, Z33307, Z33308
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M1a3b1c2~
B270, Z38339, Z38340, Z38341
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M1a3b1d~
B272, Z33740. Z33741, Z33742, Z33743
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M1a3b2Z43837, Z43838
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M1a3b2~
M10781/S20812/ZS4770
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M1a3b2a~
Z42538, Z42539, Z42540, Z42541, Z42542
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M1a3b2b~
Z43832. Z43833, Z43834, Z43835, Z43836
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M1b~
Z43411, Z43412, Z43413, Z43414, Z43415
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M2M353, M387
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M2~
F1992.2, PF4350
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M2a
M177^^/SRY9138^^
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M3P117
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MUTATION INFORMATION AT VERY BOTTOM HERE
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NOTES:
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Identical SNPs that were discovered separately are listed in alphabetical order, not necessarily in the order of discovery,
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and separated by "/". Examples: M5/P73, M104/P22, M177, SRY9138
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Removed P35_1, P35_2, P35_3, not meeting quality guidelines on 11 August 2016.
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The chromosome location for M-P256 shown in Karafet (2008) seems off by one chromosome position.
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All M samples from next-generation sequencing show the same mutation at adjacent chromosome position 8685231.
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So this is the position tentatively listed in the ISOGG index. Listed 31 August 2016.
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Y-DNA haplogroup M
reaches its known peak in Papua New Guinea, totaling one-third to two-thirds of population.
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The haplogroup M Aborigines in Australia seem comparatively to be the most recent arrivals among Aborigines (Bergstrom).
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Geographic distribution so far of ancestry of modern-day haplogroup M subgroup men (not complete):
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M1b
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M16
Papua New Guinea
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M83
Papua New Guinea
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M1c
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B271
Papua New Guinea
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B269
Papua New Guinea
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Z42297
N. Australia (Aborigines)
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M2
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M177
Papua New Guinea
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M3
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P117Melanesia
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References:
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Bergstrom et al, Deep Roots for Aboriginal Australian Y Chromosomes. (pdf) Current Biology, 26:809-813, (2016).
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Bergstrom et al, A Neolithic Expansion, but Strong Genetic Structure, in the Independent History of New Guinea Science, 357:1160-1163 (2017).
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Cox M P & Lahr M M, Y-Chromosome Diversity Is Inversely Associated with Language Affiliation in Paired Austronesian- and Papuan-Speaking Communities from Solomon Islands. (pdf) American Journal of Human Biology, 18:35-50, 2006.
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Hurles et al, European Y-Chromosomal Lineages in Polynesians: A Contrast to the Population Structure Revealed by mtDNA. American Journal of Human Genetics, 63:1793-1806, 1998.
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Hurles et al, Y Chromosomal Evidence for the Origins of Oceanic-Speaking Peoples. Genetics, 160:289-303, January 2002.
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Karmin et al, A Recent Bottleneck of Y chromosome Diversity Coincides with a Global Change in Culture. Genome Research, doi: 10.1101/gr.186684.114, published online March 13, 2015.
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Karafet et al, New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup Tree. Abstract. Genome Research, published online April 2, 2008. Supplementary Material.
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