Haplogroup M Tree
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Y-DNA Haplogroup M and its Subclades - 2018
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Downloading this spreadsheet as Excel retains format better than copying. Links may not copy to new sheet.
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The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the
Main Page.
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Directions for citing the document are listed on
Main Page.
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Version History
Last revision date for this specific page: 30 June 2018
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Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes, and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated.
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If the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page, then:
Email Ray Banks
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LINKS:Glossary
Main Page
Y-DNA Tree Trunk
SNP Index
Papers/Presentations Cited
Listing Criteria
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FONT COLORS:
Newly confirmed in 2018 within subclade
Confirmed within subclade
Investigational items
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SYMBOLS:
^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
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^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
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~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.
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The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing done in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.
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SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup
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DID YOU NOTICE that the items in gray sometimes have a long name preceding their listing that is the same as just above? In this situation, evidence seems to indicate they also seem to belong to the same subgroup, but some confirmatory evidence is not yet available.
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Contact Person for Haplogroup M:
Tim Janzen
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MSK1828, Page93/S322
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M1M4, M5/P73, M106, M186, M189, M296
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M1~CTS7357.2, FGC13408.2,/Z16369.2, FGC29215, M5991, Page1, PH4279, PH3025, SK1828, SK1845, SK1846/Z43400, SK1847, SK1848, SK1849, SK1850, SK1851, SK1852, SK1853, SK1854, SK1855, SK1856, SK1857, Y1422.2/Z8214.2, Y26288/Z43397, Y26291/Z43398, Y26298/Z43408, Y26299/Z43409, Y26300/Z43410, Y27828/Z43395, Y27835/Z43399, YSC0000696, Z30832, Z30839, Z30840, Z30841, Z30890, Z30891, Z30892, Z30893, Z30894, Z30895, Z30896, Z30897, Z30898, Z30899, Z30900, Z30901, Z30902, Z30903, Z30904, Z30905, Z30908, Z30909, Z30910, Z30911, Z30912, Z30913, Z30914, Z30915, Z30916, Z30918, Z30919, Z30921, Z30922, Z30923, Z30924, Z30925, Z30926, Z30929, Z30930, Z30931, Z30932, Z30933, Z30934.1, Z30935, Z30936, Z30939, Z30940, Z30942, Z30943, Z30944, Z30945, Z30948, Z30949, Z30950, Z30951, Z30952, Z30953, Z30954, Z30955, Z30956, Z30957, Z30958, Z30959, Z30960, Z30961, Z30962, Z30963, Z30964, Z30965, Z30966, Z30967, Z30968, Z30972, Z30975, Z30976, Z30977, Z30978, Z30979, Z30980, Z30981, Z30982, Z30983, Z30984, Z30985, Z30986, Z30987, Z30988, Z30989, Z30991, Z30992, Z30993, Z30994, Z30995, Z30996, Z30997, Z30998, Z30999, Z31001, Z31002, Z31004, Z31006, Z31008, Z31009, Z31010, Z31011, Z31012, Z31013, Z31014, Z31015, Z31016, Z31017, Z31018, Z31019, Z31020, Z31021, Z31022, Z31023, Z31024, Z31025, Z31026, Z31028, Z31029, Z31030, Z31031, Z31032, Z31033, Z31034, Z31035, Z31036, Z31037, Z31038, Z31039, Z31040, Z31041, Z31042, Z31043, Z31044, Z31045, Z31048, Z31049, Z31050, Z31051, Z31052, Z31054, Z31055, Z31056, Z31057, Z31058, Z31059, Z31061, Z31063, Z31064, Z31065, Z31066, Z31067, Z31068, Z31069, Z31070, Z31071, Z31072, Z31073, Z31074, Z31075, Z31076, Z31077, Z31078, Z31080, Z31081, Z31082, Z31083, Z31085, Z31086, Z31087, Z31088, Z31089, Z31090, Z31093, Z31094, Z31095, Z31096, Z31097, Z31099, Z31100, Z31101, Z31102, Z31103, Z31104, Z31105, Z31106, Z31107, Z31108, Z31110, Z31111, Z31112, Z31113, Z31114, Z31115, Z31116, Z31117, Z31133, Z31134, Z31136, Z31137, Z31138, Z31140, Z31141, Z31143. Z31144. Z31145, Z31147, Z31148, Z31149, Z31150, Z31152, Z31153, Z31154, Z31155, Z31156, Z31157, Z31159, Z31160, Z31161, Z31162, Z31163, Z31164, Z31165, Z31166, Z31167, Z31168, Z31169, Z31170, Z31171, Z31172, Z31173, Z31174, Z31175, Z31181, Z31182, Z31183, Z31184, Z31185, Z31187, Z31188, Z31189, Z31190. Z31191, Z31192. Z31193, Z31194, Z31195, Z31196, Z31197, Z31198, Z33312, Z33344
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M1aBY8413.1/Z30938.1, SK1869, Z30835, Z30907, Z30917, Z30920, Z30928, Z30937, Z31000, Z31005, Z31007, Z31046, Z31060, Z31062, Z31079, Z31151, Z31158
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M1a1~P94
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M1a2Z30928, Z31007, Z31146
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M1a2aP87
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M1a2a1
M104_1^^/P22_1^^, M104_2^^/P22_2^^
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M1a2a1~
F2561/Page67
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M1a2a1~FGC24709, FGC36703, SK1877, SK1879, Z42236, Z42237, Z42238, Z42239, Z42240, Z42241, Z42242, Z42243, Z42244, Z42245, Z42246, Z42247, Z42248, Z42249, Z42250, Z42251, Z42252, Z42253, Z42254, Z42255, Z42256, Z42257, Z42258, Z42259, Z42260, Z42261, Z42262, Z42263, Z42264, Z42265, Z42266, Z42267, Z42268, Z42269, Z42270, Z42271, Z42272, Z42273, Z42274, Z42275, Z42276, Z42277, Z42278, Z42279, Z42280
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M1a2a1aM16
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M1a2a1bM83
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M1a2a1b~
SK1881, Z42285, Z42286, Z42287
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M1a2a1c~
SK1880, Z42281, Z42282, Z42283, Z42284
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M1a3~
Z33330, Z33345, Z42288
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M1a3a~
P51, SK1872, Z42289, Z42290, Z42291, Z42292
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M1a3bB256, SK1882, Z31135, Z33309, Z33313, Z33318, Z33319, Z33323, Z33325, Z33331, Z33336, Z33343, Z33347, Z33348, Z33350
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M1a3b~
Z33310, Z33311, Z33317, Z33320, Z33321, Z33324, Z33326, Z33327, Z33332, Z33337, Z33341, Z33351
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M1a3b1
Z33322, Z33328
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M1a3b1~
Z33114. Z33315, Z33316, Z33317, Z33329, Z33333, Z33339, Z33340, Z33342
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M1a3b1a~
SK1889, Z42293, Z42294, Z42295, Z42296
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M1a3b1bZ42297, Z42298, Z42299. Z42300, Z42301, Z42302, Z42303, Z42304, Z42305, Z42306, Z42307, Z42308, Z42309, Z42310, Z42311, Z42312, Z42313, Z42314, Z42315, Z42307, Z42308, Z42309, Z42310, Z42311, Z42312, Z42313, Z42314, Z42315, Z42316, Z42317. Z42318, Z42319, Z42320, Z42321, Z42322
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M1a3b1b1~
Y26302/Z42326, Z42323, Z42324, Z42325, Z42327
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M1a3b1b2~
BY3630.2, F1295.2, Z42328, Z42329, Z42330
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M1a3b1cB269, Z31204.2, Z33269, Z33270, Z33271, Z33272, Z33273, Z33274, Z33276, Z33277, Z33278, Z33279, Z33280, Z33281, Z33282, Z33283, Z33284, Z33277, Z33278, Z33279, Z33280, Z33281, Z33282, Z33283, Z33284, Z33285, Z33286, Z33288, Z33289, Z33290, Z33291, Z33292, Z33293, Z33295, Z33296, Z33297, Z33298, Z33299, Z33300
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M1a3b1c1~
B271, Z33302, Z33305, Z33307, Z33308
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M1a3b1c2~
B270, Z38339, Z38340, Z38341
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M1a3b1d~
B272, Z33740. Z33741, Z33742, Z33743
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M1a3b2Y26293/Z43837, Z43838
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M1a3b2~
M10781/S20812/ZS4770
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M1a3b2a~
Z42538, Z42539, Z42540, Z42541, Z42542
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M1a3b2b~
Z43832. Z43833, Z43834, Z43835, Z43836
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M1b~
Z43411, Z43412, Z43413, Z43414, Z43415
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M2M353, M387
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M2~PF4350.1
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M2a
M177^^/SRY9138^^
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M3P117
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MUTATION INFORMATION AT VERY BOTTOM HERE
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NOTES:
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Identical SNPs that were discovered separately are listed in alphabetical order, not necessarily in the order of discovery,
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and separated by "/". Examples: M5/P73, M104/P22, M177, SRY9138
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Removed P35_1, P35_2, P35_3, not meeting quality guidelines on 11 August 2016.
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The chromosome location for M-P256 shown in Karafet (2008) seems off by one chromosome position.
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All M samples from next-generation sequencing show the same mutation at adjacent chromosome position 8685231.
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So this is the position tentatively listed in the ISOGG index. Listed 31 August 2016.
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Y-DNA haplogroup M
reaches its known peak in Papua New Guinea, totaling one-third to two-thirds of population.
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The haplogroup M Aborigines in Australia seem comparatively to be the most recent arrivals among Aborigines (Bergstrom).
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Geographic distribution so far of ancestry of modern-day haplogroup M subgroup men (not complete):
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M1b
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M16
Papua New Guinea
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M83
Papua New Guinea
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M1c
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B271
Papua New Guinea
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B269
Papua New Guinea
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Z42297
N. Australia (Aborigines)
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M2
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M177
Papua New Guinea
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M3
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P117Melanesia
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References:
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Bergstrom et al, Deep Roots for Aboriginal Australian Y Chromosomes. (pdf) Current Biology, 26:809-813, (2016).
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Bergstrom et al, A Neolithic Expansion, but Strong Genetic Structure, in the Independent History of New Guinea Science, 357:1160-1163 (2017).
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Cox M P & Lahr M M, Y-Chromosome Diversity Is Inversely Associated with Language Affiliation in Paired Austronesian- and Papuan-Speaking Communities from Solomon Islands. (pdf) American Journal of Human Biology, 18:35-50, 2006.
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Hurles et al, European Y-Chromosomal Lineages in Polynesians: A Contrast to the Population Structure Revealed by mtDNA. American Journal of Human Genetics, 63:1793-1806, 1998.
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Hurles et al, Y Chromosomal Evidence for the Origins of Oceanic-Speaking Peoples. Genetics, 160:289-303, January 2002.
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Karmin et al, A Recent Bottleneck of Y chromosome Diversity Coincides with a Global Change in Culture. Genome Research, doi: 10.1101/gr.186684.114, published online March 13, 2015.
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