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TypeTitleDescriptionLinkOrginiation SourceCitation
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Hashtag#AmplifyBlackVoicesThis hashtag is used in The New Forum for Professional Voice Teachers (NFPVT) to make Black content easily searchable
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ArticleClassical Music and its Slave Orchestrashttps://silpayamanant.wordpress.com/2020/07/30/classical-music-and-its-slave-orchestras/?fbclid=IwAR2_lflOJIjbpIjjMqDSdKUQETxFesnL_qN-d8QWMvemASEQlv0v3_jepTw
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ArticleColonialism, White Supremacy, and the Logic of Exclusion of Colored Bodies in Classical Musichttps://silpayamanant.wordpress.com/2020/09/15/colonialism-white-supremacy-and-the-logic-of-exclusion-of-colored-bodies-in-classical-music/
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ArticleThe Stubborn Classism of Classical Music: What critics get wrong about the genre’s long-standing diversity problemshttps://newrepublic.com/article/160469/insidious-classism-classical-music?fbclid=IwAR0t6g_iWAZ1zBunyMWAutZE6HcoCxMsTUrmgW74bxw6-j7PUWjDkCrk7o0
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ArticleRefresh Your Sonic Palette: Contemporary Black Composers You Should Knowhttps://www.facebook.com/groups/artsongalliance/permalink/3748895248522502/
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Author/PresenterDr. YSAŸE BARNWELLhttps://www.ymbarnwell.com/bio
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Author/PresenterDR. TRINEICE
ROBINSON-MARTIN
https://www.drtrineice.com/index.html
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Black ComposerUndine Smith Moore (1904-1989)
“Dean of African-American Women Composers”
Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Black ComposerWilliam Grant Still (1895-1978)
“Dean of African-American Composers”
Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Black ComposerGeorge Walker (1922-2018)
First African-American to win the Pulitzer Prize in Music
Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Black ComposerR. Nathaniel Dett (1882-1943)Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Black ComposerJosé Maurício Nunes Garcia (1767-1830)Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Black ComposerSamuel Coleridge-Taylor (1875-1912)Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Black ComposerJoel Thompson (b. 1988) "Seven Last Words of the Unarmed," (2016) Opera "The Snowy Day" (2020)
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Black Opera ComposerLeslie Adams Blake
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Black Opera ComposerWilliam Grant Still
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Black Opera ComposerRobert Owens, “Culture Culture”
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Black Opera ComposerRichard Thompson, “The Mask in the Mirror” - American Composers Alliance
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Black Vocal ComposerH. Leslie Adams: For You There is No Song
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Black Vocal ComposerRobert Owens
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Black Vocal ComposerAndre Meyers
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Black Vocal ComposerJacqueline Hairston
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Black Vocal ComposerDave Ragland
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Black Vocal ComposerFlorence Price
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Black Vocal ComposerCliff Notez (local to Boston)
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BookBlack Opera: History, Power, Engagement by Naomi André"From classic films like Carmen Jones to contemporary works like The Diary of Sally Hemings and U-Carmen eKhayelitsa, American and South African artists and composers have used opera to reclaim black people's place in history. Naomi André draws on the experiences of performers and audiences to explore this music's resonance with today's listeners. Interacting with creators and performers, as well as with the works themselves, André reveals how black opera unearths suppressed truths. These truths provoke complex, if uncomfortable, reconsideration of racial, gender, sexual, and other oppressive ideologies. Opera, in turn, operates as a cultural and political force that employs an immense, transformative power to represent or even liberate. Viewing opera as a fertile site for critical inquiry, political activism, and social change, Black Opera lays the foundation for innovative new approaches to applied scholarship."https://www.amazon.com/Black-Opera-History-Power-Engagement/dp/0252083571/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&keywords=black+opera+history&qid=1611454731&sr=8-1
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BookSo You Want to Sing Spirituals by Randye Jones"With their rich and complicated history, spirituals hold a special place in the American musical tradition. This soul-stirring musical form is irresistible to singers seeking to diversify their performance repertoire, but it is also riddled with controversy, especially for singers of non-African descent. Singer and historian Randye Jones welcomes singers of all backgrounds into the style while she explores its folk song roots and transformation into choral and solo vocal concert repertoire. Profiling key composers and pioneers of the genre, Jones also discusses the use of dialect and other controversial performance considerations."https://www.amazon.com/So-You-Want-Sing-Spirituals/dp/1538107341/ref=sr_1_1?crid=1NGRJSNNBOI4D&dchild=1&keywords=so+you+want+to+sing+spirituals&qid=1611455026&sprefix=so+you+want+to+sing+sp%2Caps%2C152&sr=8-1
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BookCulturally Responsive Teaching and The Brain: Promoting Authentic Engagement and Rigor Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students by Zaretta Hammond
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BookFrom Spirituals to Symphonies: African American Women Composers and Their Music by Helen Walker-Hill"Focusing on the effect of race, gender, and class, From Spirituals to Symphonies notes the important role played by individual personalities and circumstances in shaping this underappreciated category of American art. The study also provides in-depth exploration of the backgrounds, experiences, and musical compositions of eight African American women including Margaret Bonds, Undine Smith Moore, and Julia Perry, who combined the techniques of Western art music with their own cultural traditions and individual gifts."https://www.amazon.com/Spirituals-Symphonies-African-American-Women-Composers/dp/0252074548/ref=sr_1_1?crid=157I5EVIO6J2C&dchild=1&keywords=from+spirituals+to+symphonies&qid=1611454554&sprefix=from+spiritals+to+sy%2Caps%2C159&sr=8-1
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BookMusic Education for Social Change: Constructing an Activist Music Education by Juliet Hess"Music Education for Social Change: Constructing an Activist Music Education develops an activist music education rooted in principles of social justice and anti-oppression. Based on the interviews of 20 activist-musicians across the United States and Canada, the book explores the common themes, perceptions, and philosophies among them, positioning these activist-musicians as catalysts for change in music education while raising the question: amidst racism and violence targeted at people who embody difference, how can music education contribute to changing the social climate?"https://www.amazon.com/Music-Education-Social-Change-Constructing/dp/1138322539/ref=sr_1_1?crid=28SA8A131ZXA&dchild=1&keywords=music+education+for+social+change&qid=1611455106&sprefix=music+education+for+s%2Caps%2C155&sr=8-1
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BookMarginalized Voices in Music Education Edited By Brent C. Talbot" In fifteen contributed essays, authors set out to expand notions of who we believe we are as music educators -- and who we want to become. This book is a collection of perspectives by some of the leading and emerging thinkers in the profession, and identifies cases of individuals or groups who had experienced marginalization. It shares the diverse stories in a struggle for inclusion, with the goal to begin or expand conversation in undergraduate and graduate courses in music teacher education. Through the telling of these stores, authors hope to recast music education as fertile ground for transformation, experimentation and renewal."https://www.amazon.com/Marginalized-Voices-Music-Education-Talbot/dp/0415788331/ref=sr_1_1?crid=1GPW3XVJ43058&dchild=1&keywords=marginalized+voices+in+music+education&qid=1611454915&sprefix=marginalized%2Caps%2C159&sr=8-1
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BookThe Art of the Spiritual: Enhancing Performance of the Concert Spiritual by Susheel Bibbs"This brief guidebook for classical singers and those (of any culture) who love the Spiritual explains the use of interpretive elements, modes of delivery, colloquial dialect, cultural and historical considerations, and artful variation that can help bring Spirituals to life on the concert stage."https://smile.amazon.com/gp/product/1535190094/?fbclid=IwAR2RbLR-jKnPnB2szYGcewLAMaaZ8BJTbSwHjNxvtj6LbrL2G9DDeTCStRQ
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BookSo You Want to Sing Gospel by DR. TRINEICE
ROBINSON-MARTIN
"Robinson-Martin gathers together key information on gospel music history, vocal pedagogy, musical style and performance, and its place in music ministry. So You Want to Sing Gospel covers such vital matters as historical, cultural and spiritual perspectives on the gospel music tradition, training one's voice, understanding the dynamic of sound production, grasping gospel style, and bringing together vocal performance with ministerial imperatives. She also includes in her discussion such matters as voice type, repertoire selection, and gospel sub-genres. Additional chapters by Scott McCoy and Wendy LeBorgne, and Matthew Edwards address universal questions of voice science and pedagogy, vocal health, and audio enhancement technology."https://www.amazon.com/You-Want-Sing-Gospel-Performers-ebook/dp/B01M2DE88K
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BookHow to be and Antiracist by Ibram X. KendiKendi combines ethics, history, law, and science with his own personal story of awakening to antiracism. This is an essential work for anyone who wants to go beyond the awareness of racism to the next step: contributing to the formation of a just and equitable society.https://www.amazon.com/How-Be-Antiracist-Ibram-Kendi/dp/0525509283/ref=sr_1_1?crid=26LV8P32KG5DI&dchild=1&keywords=how+to+be+an+antiracist&qid=1611576426&sprefix=How+to+be+an+an%2Caps%2C156&sr=8-1
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BookSo You Want to Talk About Race by Ijeoma OluoOluo guides readers of all races through subjects ranging from intersectionality and affirmative action to "model minorities" in an attempt to make the seemingly impossible possible: honest conversations about race and racism, and how they infect almost every aspect of American life.https://www.amazon.com/You-Want-Talk-About-Race/dp/1580058825/ref=sr_1_1?crid=2OBYZDG0Y835F&dchild=1&keywords=so+you+want+to+talk+about+race&qid=1611576482&sprefix=SO+you+want+to+talk+about%2Caps%2C148&sr=8-1
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Consulting FirmStrong and Starlike Consulting (Tsidra Jones) https://www.strongandstarlike.com/
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DatabaseThe Black Music History Library"This is a living collection of books, articles, documentaries, series, podcasts and more about the Black origins of traditional and popular music dating from the 18th century to present day."https://blackmusiclibrary.com/Library
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Educational ProgramSinging Down the Barriers Institute"“Singing Down the Barriers” is an intensive introduction to the repertoire of African American composers for the college student, apprentice, voice teacher, coach, choral conductor, or professional singer. In tandem with a directed curriculum of readings, resources, recordings, reflective exercises, and performance, the Institute seeks to help participants overcome the barriers that prevent successful engagement with and performance of African American concert repertoire including art song and spirituals."https://smtd.umich.edu/programs-degrees/youth-adult-programs/adult-programs/singing-down-the-barriers/?fbclid=IwAR0expCYcRniN6PRtRZ-b5ajOP1s_gZig1TjUijRCn8Aulk1VaSQdluITi8
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Functional Harmony examplesExpanding the Music Theory Canon an open-source collection of music theory examples by women and BIPoC composerswww.expandingthemusictheorycanon.com
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Facebook GroupDiverse Voices in New Music"This group began began with a small collective of composers and performers from marginalized social groups. We define our mission in two ways. First, we seek to collect resources to help allies create safer spaces in their own spheres of influence. Second, we hope to build a support network to amplify diverse voices."https://www.facebook.com/groups/Diversevoicesinnewmusic/
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Hashtag#BlackVoicesMatter
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Hashtag#SingThisNotSpirituals
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Hashtag#BlackMusicMatters
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Hashtag#BlackOperaSingers
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InterviewInterviews with Eugene Simpson, executor of Hall Johnson’s estate"Dr. Simpson addresses the myths and truths of the African-American Spiritual both from a historical and performance perspective. Obviously, one brief interview cannot reveal everything there is to learn about this great American music, but it is an excellent start, and highly recommended listening for every member of the chorus."https://www.sinycchorus.com/eugene_simpson
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MuseumNational Museum of African American Musichttps://nmaam.org/
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OrganizationAfrican American Art Song Alliance (Darryl Taylor)https://www.darryltaylor.com/alliance/, https://www.facebook.com/groups/artsongalliance/ https://www.youtube.com/user/ArtSongAlliance/videos
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OrganizationInternational Florence Price Festival (Dr. Marquese Carter)https://www.pricefest.org/
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OrganizationAfrican Diaspora Music Project (Dr. Louise Toppin)https://africandiasporamusicproject.org/Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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OrganizationInstitute for Composer Diversity https://www.composerdiversity.com/Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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OrganizationNational Association of Negro Musicians, Inc.https://www.nanm.org/Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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OrganizationInclusive Early Musichttps://inclusiveearlymusic.org
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OrganizationIndictus Project"Indictus Project is a non-profit organization dedicated to amplifying the voices of underrepresented art music composers of all eras."https://www.indictus.org/?fbclid=IwAR33Z2rY84xT6MTgphRnwEPQw3JijYpnftkIKwsd193Ws42OM-BXuFAhcwk
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OrganizationHampsong Foundation"Founded in 2003 by American baritone Thomas Hampson, the Hampsong Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization which promotes intercultural dialogue and understanding through the art of classic song—poetry set to music."https://hampsongfoundation.org/
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OrganizationMusic by Black Composers"Classical Music from Africa and the African Diaspora"https://www.musicbyblackcomposers.org/
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OrganizationHamilton-Garrett Music and Arts Academy"Hamilton-Garrett Music and Arts Academy is an 501c3 non-profit after-school program, affiliated with the Historic Charles Street A.M.E Church in Roxbury, MA that is committed to the development of Boston's next generation of innovative artists through the celebration and preservation of Black music. "https://www.hamiltongarrett.org/
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OrganizationS.T.A.G.E.D. Trust UK-based organization "seeking to redress systemic and systematic oppression for those who are disenfranchised within the performing arts because of race, gender, sexuality and physical/mental abledness." - Scott Harrison (NFPVT member)https://www.stagedtrust.co.uk/
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OrganizationBlack Opera Productions LLC"Black Opera Productions LLC is a film production company currently in development of ‘BLACK OPERA’, a new documentary film, as well as the weekly series BLACK OPERA LIVE! hosted by Kenneth Overton and featuring prominent Black artists of today!"https://www.blackoperafilm.com/ https://www.facebook.com/blackoperafilm
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OrganizationTHE FRONT PORCH ARTS COLLECTIVE - The Front Porch Arts Collective of Boston
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OrganizationDecolonizing the Music Room
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OrganizationRevival Music Project
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OrganizationBoston Arts & Music Soul (BAMS) Fest
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OrganizationEducation for Liberation Network
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PledgeBlack Voices Matter Pledgehttps://www.blackvoicesmatterpledge.org/
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Repertoire ResourceInstitute for Composer Diversity Databasehttps://www.composerdiversity.com/icd-works-database?fbclid=IwAR0uEKuFBhANGyvo1GPW3QdJSYvbaXe_MC0Z0gRr5JxMzOmVoOTDjy0RgYgTable for More: Additional Resources
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Repertoire ResourceInclusive Early Music Bibliographyhttps://inclusiveearlymusic.org/bibliography Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Repertoire ResourceSongHelixhttp://www.songhelix.com/
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Repertoire ScholarshipBeyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett)Research of non-idiomatic choral music of Black composers and Negro Spiritualshttps://www.mlagmusic.com/Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Repertoire Scholarship“Singing Down the Barriers” Project by Emery Stephens and Caroline Helton"This chapter investigates the barriers faced by singers of all racial backgrounds when performing spirituals and African American art songs and suggests ways to eliminate those barriers."https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/musicfrp/2/Helton, C. and Stephens, E. (2007), Singing down the barriers: Encouraging singers of all racial backgrounds to perform music by African American composers. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2007: 73–79. doi: 10.1002/tl.288 Available at: http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/musicfrp/2
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Repertoire ScholarshipDunn-Powell, R. “The African-American Spiritual: Preparation and Performance Considerations.” NATS Journal of Singing, 2005, 61(5), 469–475
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Repertoire ScholarshipPlant, L. “Singing African-American Spirituals: A Reflection on Racial Barriers in Classical Vocal Music.” NATS Journal of Singing, 2005, 61(5), 451–468.
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Repertoire ScholarshipSouthern, E. The Music of Black Americans: A History. New York: Norton, 1971.
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Repertoire ScholarshipSteinhaus-Jordan, B. “Black Spiritual Art Song: Interpretive Guidelines for Studio Teachers.” NATS Journal of Singing, 2005, 61(5), 477–485.
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ResourceNATS Diversity and Inclusion Toolkit
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Service NetworkArts Administrators of Color Network (Quanice Floyd)https://aacnetwork.org/
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Vocal AnthologyAnthology of Art Songs by Black American Composers (compiled by Willis C. Patterson)
- Edward B. Marks Music, #M891 (HL.8242)
Contents: For You There is No Song (Leslie Adams) * Early in the Mornin' (David Baker) * A Good Assassination Should Be Quiet (David Baker) * Status Symbol (David Baker) * Three Dream Portraits: Minstrel Man; Dream Variations; I, Too (Margaret Bonds) * The Barrier (Charles Brown) * Song Without Words (Charles Brown) * Death of an Old Seaman (Cecil Cohen) * Two Songs for Julie Ju (Noel da Costa) * Cassandra's Lullaby (Mark Fax) * Love (Mark Fax) * A Charm at Parting (Adolphus C. Hailstork) * I Loved You (Adulphus C. Hailstork) * Absalom (Eugene Hancock) * Nunc Dimittis (Eugene Hancock) * Riding to Town (Thomas Kerr, Jr.) * Compensation (Charles Lloyd, Jr.) * If There Be Sorrow (Wendell Logan) * Marrow of My Bone (Wendell Logan) * Chanson Triste (Maurice McCall) * Sweet Sorrow (Maurice McCall) * Weary Blues (Dorothy Rudd Moore) * Love Let the Wind Cry...How I Adore Thee (Undine Moore) * Faithful One (Robert Owens) * Genius Child (Robert Owens) * A Child's Grace (Coleridge-Taylor Perkinson) * Melancholy (Coleridge-Taylor Perkinson) * Night (Florence Price) * Song to the Dark Virgin (Florence Price) * Velvet Shoes (Hale Smith) * Grief (William Grant Still) * A Death Song (Howard Swanson) * I Will Lie Down in Autumn (Howard Swanson) * The Negro Speaks of Rivers (Hoaward Swanson) * Lament (George Walker) * A Red, Red Rose (George Walker) * Wry Fragments (Olly Wilson) * Dancing in the Sun (John Work, Jr.) * Soliloquy (John Work, Jr.).https://www.amazon.com/Anthology-Songs-Black-American-Composers/dp/0793508711/ref=sr_1_1?crid=103NDKKFYKE15&dchild=1&keywords=anthology+of+art+song+by+black+american+composers&qid=1611455274&sprefix=anthology+of+art%2Caps%2C157&sr=8-1Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Vocal AnthologyArias, Duets and Scenes of William Grant Still
- Volume 1: Arias for Soprano and Mezzo Soprano
- Volume 2: Arias for Tenor, Baritone and Bass
- Volume 3: Duets and Scenes
- William Grant Still Music
http://www.williamgrantstillmusic.com/AriasDuetsandScenes.htmBeyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Vocal AnthologyArt Songs and Spirituals by African-American Women Composers (edited by Vivian Taylor)
- Hildegard Publishing Company, 491-00494
Contains the following pieces: King: Calvary ; King: In the Springtime ; King: It's me, O Lord ; U.S. Moore: Watch and Pray ; U.S. Moore: Love Let the Wind Cry...How I Adore Thee ; U.S. Moore: I Am in Doubt ; U.S. Moore: Is There Anybody Here That Loves My Jesus ; U.S. Moore: Come Down Angels ; Perry: I'm A Poor Li'l Orphan in This Worl' ; Perry: Free At Last ; Bonds: Dry Bones ; Bonds: Lord, I Just Can't Keep From Cryin' ; Bonds: The Negro Speaks of Rivers ; Bonds: Three Dream Portraits ; Bonds: He's Got the Whole World in His Hands ; Price: My Dream ; Price: Song To The Dark Virgin ; Price: Night ; Price: My Soul's Been Anchored in The Lordhttps://www.amazon.com/Art-Songs-and-Spirituals/dp/B004UBNUVGBeyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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Vocal AnthologyA New Anthology of Art Songs by African American Composers (selected by Margaret R. Simmons, Jeanine Wagner)
- Southern Illinois University Press
The featured composers are H. Leslie Adams, Mable Bailey, Charles S. Brown, Wallace McClain Cheatham, Adolphus Hailstork, Jacqueline B. Hairston, William H. Henderson, Jeraldine Saunders Herbison, Betty Jackson King, William Foster McDaniel, Undine Smith Moore, Byron Motley, Bar­bara Sherrill, Robert Owens, Nadine Shanti, Frederick Tillis, Dolores White, and Julius P. Williams.http://siupress.com/books/978-0-8093-2523-8Beyond Elijah Rock: The Non-Idiomatic Choral Music of Black Composers (Dr. Marques Garrett), https://www.mlagmusic.com/
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WebinarTable for More: Making Room in the Singing Arts with Phillip Shoutlz IIIhttps://www.youtube.com/channel/UC2bkmdo75io9VzQXHVJ_c1Q/playlistsNATS Boston, Boston Singers' Resource, Greater Boston Choral Consortium
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ZineHow to Be a Good Ally and Create Safer Spaces in New Musichttps://indd.adobe.com/view/77796c92-eb40-406e-9213-9a2a58140233?red=a&fbclid=IwAR0Cry-D5ct0T2f_vurq7u-jqZHjeTFzf0bMzE4o9WkJ8od5dPqOuzeY4g0
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ReportThe Visibility Report: Racial Representation on NYC Stageshttp://www.aapacnyc.org/uploads/1/1/9/4/11949532/aapac_report_2017-2018_single.pdf
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Article Assigning Racially and Ethnically Specific Repertoire: The Student Veto Option, Brian ManternachJournal of Singing, May/June 20201
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Article Rebekah Dare Guin, “Whitewashing in Theatre Will Always
be a Method of Racial Exclusion,”
https://www.onstageblog.com/columns/whitewashing-in-theatre-will-always-be-a-method-of-racial-exclusion?rq=whitewashing
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ArticleZoi Walker and Scott D. Pierce, “University of Utah’s theater students of color describe systemic racism and call for
change”
https://www.sltrib.com/artsliving/2020/07/23/university-utahs-theater/
Salt Lake Tribune, July 23, 2020
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ArticleShannon Gaffney, “Why the green girl is never Black: Racism in casting"https://www.onstageblog.
com/editorials/2020/12/19/why-the-green-girl-is-neverblack-racism-in-casting?fbclid=IwAR33JFA7NK6ZC6W_
QGjPgt49MJP_V6BNw7SIRZk0bgNCU5iI_M9fTgblSOg
OnStage Blog
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ArticleAaron Wang, “Students Call for Color-Conscious Casting
at Northwestern”
dailynorthwestern.com/2020/01/15/ae/studentscall-for-color-conscious-casting-at-northwestern/The Daily Northwestern, January 15, 2020
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BookSing for Your Life: A Story of Race, Music, and Family, Daniel BergnerNew York, NY: Little, Brown and Company, 2016
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ArticleMarc Shaiman, quoted in Chris Peterson, “‘Hairspray’ Creators will Require Characters to be Cast as Written,” OnStage
Blog, June 3, 2020;
www.onstageblog.com/onstage-blognews/2020/6/3/hairspray-creators-to-require-charactersbe-cast-as-written
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Recorded PresentationGeorge Shirley in OfficialNATS, “Plenary Session: The Ethics of a Profession: Diversity and Inclusivity,” June 29, 2020;
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6rfT8pnbWeI
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ArticleThe Erasure of Black Excellence in 1970s Musical Theatrehttps://www.broadwayrefocused.com/blog/the-erasure-of-black-excellence-in-1970s-musical-theatre?fbclid=IwAR3ggUccQ1_JI1TVt1JLuTYljaEqmaRi3G1xLVxD52zF8WS7NrLBA9DdXZs
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GrantOpera America IDEA Granthttps://www.operaamerica.org/programs/services/grants-awards/artists/idea-opera-grants/?fbclid=IwAR2zv8_FSHRZM5KuRr9mdRB_pTjz3xCDIZkkOkprpaS7xLz95lGgYtIgPOQ
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Repertoire and Recording DatabaseSpirituals DatabaseSearchable Database of Sound Recordings of Concert Negro Spirituals for Solo Voice - An Art of the Concert Spiritual Projecthttps://spirituals-database.com/
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