Sumner2014Data.csv
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Reference
University (press office responsible for PR)
JournalTitle
Automatic PubMed
Single PubMed result? (0 -> multiple results found)
Authors (automatically downloaded from PubMed after searching with JournalTitle)
URLPRTitle
Sample_changed (0=no, 1=minor, 2=major)
Sample_journal
Sample_PR
Advice_exaggeration (-3=stronger advice in journal, +3=stronger advice in PR)
Advice_journal (0=none, 3=explicit to public)
Advice_PR (0=none, 3=explicit to public)
Causation_exaggeration (Causation_PR - Causation_Journal)
Causation_journal (0=not mentioned, 1=explicitly no causation, 6=explicitly causation)
,Causation_PR (0=not mentioned, 1=explicitly no causation, 6=explicitly causation)
Variables_generalization (0=no generalization, 4=both independent/dependent majorly generalized)
Variables_journal (independent/dependent)
Variables_PR (independent/dependent)
Cure
2
02-11-023Bristol
Taste perception and implicit attitude toward sweet related to body mass index and soft drink supplementation
11
Sartor F,Donaldson LF,Markland DA,Loveday H,Jackson MJ,Kubis HP
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21600942
Over consumption of sugary drinks dulls taste buds01: Adults1: Children303-22
Not mentioned
0
Weight/Taste perception
Weight/Sensitivity to sweetness (Taste perception)
No
3
03-11-013Cambridge
Maternal diet and aging alter the epigenetic control of a promoterenhancer interaction at the Hnf4a gene in rat pancreatic islets
11
Sandovici I,Smith NH,Nitert MD,Ackers-Johnson M,Uribe-Lewis S,Ito Y,Jones RH,Marquez VE,Cairns W,Tadayyon M,O'Neill LP,Murrell A,Ling C,Constancia M,Ozanne SE
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21385945
You are what your mother ate1
8: rat and human islets
8: offspring3030661
rat dams are fed a low-protein diet (LP; 8% wt/wt protein) compared with an isocaloric control diet (C; 20% wt/wt protein) during pregnancy and lactation early postnatal life/interaction between the active P2 promoter and the enhancer region in pancreatic islets at the Hnf4a locus
diet during pregnancy/offsprings long term health
No
4
03-11-026Cambridge
Chocolate consumption and cardiometabolic disorders: systematic review and meta-analysis
11
Buitrago-Lopez A,Sanderson J,Johnson L,Warnakula S,Wood A,Di Angelantonio E,Franco OH
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21875885
Eating chocolate cuts risk of heart disease0
1: participants
1: people3034260
chocolate consumption/risk of developing cardiovascular disease
consumption of chocolate/risk of certain cardiovascular disorders
No
5
03-11-039Cambridge
Constraints on Implicit Learning of Grammatical Form-Meaning Connections
01Leung JHC,Williams JN
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0272263114000333
Unconscious language learning0
1: Twenty-six native speakers of English
1: linguists3032240
awareness or non awareness of animacy (implicit or explicit) values/results from learning grammatical form-meaning connections
unconscious learning/ability to learn a new language
No
6
03-11-040Cambridge
Activation of Central Orexin/Hypocretin Neurons by Dietary Amino Acids
11
Karnani MM,Apergis-Schoute J,Adamantidis A,Jensen LT,de Lecea L,Fugger L,Burdakov D
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22099463
3pm slump? Why a sugar rush may not be the answer2
8: mice and brain tissue
1: us3030660
Nutritionally Relevant Mixes of Amino Acids/orx/hcrt Neuron excitation
nutrients/orexin cell signaling
No
7
05-11-021Edinburgh
Combustion-derived nanoparticulate induces the adverse vascular effects of diesel exhaust inhalation
11
Mills NL,Miller MR,Lucking AJ,Beveridge J,Flint L,Boere AJ,Fokkens PH,Boon NA,Sandstrom T,Blomberg A,Duffin R,Donaldson K,Hadoke PW,Cassee FR,Newby DE
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21753226
Diesel particles pose heart risks2
8: healthy male non-smokers and rat aortic rings
-9:3030661
Diesel exhaust particulate/forearm blood flow and vasorelaxation
nanoparticles in diesel exhaust fumes/damage to blood vessels
No
8
06-11-009Glasgow
Sitting time and waist circumference are associated with glycemia in UK South Asians
11
Gill JM,Bhopal R,Douglas A,Wallia S,Bhopal R,Sheikh A,Forbes JF,McKnight J,Sattar N,Murray G,Lean ME,Wild SH
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21464463
Sitting time is a diabetes risk factor for UK South Asians
0
1: UK South Asians
1: UK South Asians of Indian and Pakistani descent
3030220
Sitting time/Blood Glucose Levels
Time spent sitting down/Blood Glucose Levels (Indicative of Diabetes)
No
9
06-11-023Glasgow
Do men develop type 2 diabetes at lower body mass indices than women?
11
Logue J,Walker JJ,Colhoun HM,Leese GP,Lindsay RS,McKnight JA,Morris AD,Pearson DW,Petrie JR,Philip S,Wild SH,Sattar N
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21959958
Men develop diabetes at lower BMIs than women0
1: Men and women
1: Men and women
3030220
Gender/Type 2 diabetes
Gender/Type 2 diabetes
No
10
06-11-027Glasgow
Effects of moderate exercise on VLDL1 and intralipid kinetics in overweight/obese middle-aged men
11
Al-Shayji IA,Caslake MJ,Gill JM
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22094472
Christmas day stroll helps fight festive fat0
1: Obese middle-aged men
1: Family303-3630
Exercise/VLDL
Exercise/Blood lipids
No
11
07-11-024Imperial
A protective antiarrhythmic role of ursodeoxycholic acid in an in vitro rat model of the cholestatic fetal heart
11
Miragoli M,Kadir SH,Sheppard MN,Salvarani N,Virta M,Wells S,Lab MJ,Nikolaev VO,Moshkov A,Hague WM,Rohr S,Williamson C,Gorelik J
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21809354
Bear bile chemical could help keep hearts in rhythm2
8: Rat in vitro fetal and mature heart models
-9:303-2644
MFBs appearance in fetal development/Affect on membrane potential
UDCA/Heart rhythm
No
12
08-11-014Kings
Clinical risk prediction for pre-eclampsia in nulliparous women: development of model in international prospective cohort
11
North RA,McCowan LM,Dekker GA,Poston L,Chan EH,Stewart AW,Black MA,Taylor RS,Walker JJ,Baker PN,Kenny LC
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21474517
Test for pre-eclampsia developed0
1: healthy nulliparous women
1: healthy first-time mothers
3030
Not mentioned
Not mentioned
0
algorithms based on clinical risk factors/Prediction of pre-eclampsia
combination of possible risk factors/the likelihood of developing pre-eclampsia
No
13
08-11-023Kings
The association of tooth wear, diet and dietary habits in adults aged 1830 years old
11
Bartlett DW,Fares J,Shirodaria S,Chiu K,Ahmad N,Sherriff M
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21911033
Study shows acidic food and drink can damage teeth01: adults
1: men and women
3033250
specific dietary acids/wear on enamel and dentine
acids in the diet/teeth damage
No
14
09-11-011Leeds
The determinants of serum vitamin D levels in participants in a melanoma casecontrol study living in a temperate climate
11
Davies JR,Chang YM,Snowden H,Chan M,Leake S,Karpavicius B,Haynes S,Kukalizch K,Randerson-Moor J,Elliott F,Barth J,Kanetsky PA,Harland M,Bishop DT,Barrett JH,Newton-Bishop JA
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21853245
Pale people may need vitamin D supplements0
1: Melanoma cases and controls
1: People3032242
Sun exposure/Vitamin D Levels
Skin colour/Vitamin D levels
No
15
09-11-012Leeds
Genome-wide association study identifies three new melanoma susceptibility loci
10
Barrett JH,Iles MM,Harland M,Taylor JC,Aitken JF,Andresen PA,Akslen LA,Armstrong BK,Avril MF,Azizi E,Bakker B,Bergman W,Bianchi-Scarra G,Bressac-de Paillerets B,Calista D,Cannon-Albright LA,Corda E,Cust AE,Debniak T,Duffy D,Dunning AM,Easton DF,Friedman E,Galan P,Ghiorzo P,Giles GG,Hansson J,Hocevar M,Hoiom V,Hopper JL,Ingvar C,Janssen B,Jenkins MA,Jonsson G,Kefford RF,Landi G,Landi MT,Lang J,Lubinski J,Mackie R,Malvehy J,Martin NG,Molven A,Montgomery GW,van Nieuwpoort FA,Novakovic S,Olsson H,Pastorino L,Puig S,Puig-Butille JA,Randerson-Moor J,Snowden H,Tuominen R,Van Belle P,van der Stoep N,Whiteman DC,Zelenika D,Han J,Fang S,Lee JE,Wei Q,Lathrop GM,Gillanders EM,Brown KM,Goldstein AM,Kanetsky PA,Mann GJ,Macgregor S,Elder DE,Amos CI,Hayward NK,Gruis NA,Demenais F,Bishop JA,Bishop DT
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21983787
Three gene faults linked to melanoma0
1: cases and controls of European (or Israeli) ethnicity
1: Europeans
3031230
3 novel loci/melanoma
three new risk genes/melanoma
No
16
13-11-002Newcastle
In vitro protective effects of colon-available extract of Camellia sinensis (tea) against hydrogen peroxide and beta-amyloid (A (142)) induced cytotoxicity in differentiated PC12 cells
11
Okello EJ,McDougall GJ,Kumar S,Seal CJ
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21183323
Protective properties of green tea uncovered1
6: PC12 tumour cells
6: tumour cell model
303-2641
CAGTE (green tea extract passed through in vitro disgestion)/neuroprotective effects against H202 and AB1-42 induced cytotoxicity
Drinking green tea/Efficacy of digested green tea chemicals against key triggers of Alzheimer's disease
No
17
13-11-007Newcastle
Representation of colour concepts in bilingual cognition: the case of Japanese blues in Bilingualism
01
Athanasopoulous P,Damjanovic L,Krajiciova A,Sasaki M
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1366728909990046
Bilinguals get the blues0
1: monolingual Japanese speakers and Japanese-English bilingual speakers
1: bilingual speakers
3030660
frequency of language/categorical perception of colour
language use/perception of colour blue
No
18
13-11-014Newcastle
Modelling the role of the Hsp70/Hsp90 system in the maintenance of protein homeostasis
11Proctor CJ,Lorimer IA
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21779370
Newcastle scientists uncover free radical clue to dementia
1
7: Computer models
7: A computer model
303-22
Not mentioned
0
No, low and high levels of stress/Model of the Hsp70 and Hsp90 chaperone systems
Stress caused by free radicals/How the 'chaperone' system responded
No
19
14-11-007Nottingham
Secondhand Smoke and Adverse Fetal Outcomes in Nonsmoking Pregnant Women: A Meta-analysis
11
Leonardi-Bee J,Britton J,Venn A
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21382949
Passive smoking increases risk to unborn babies0
1: non smoking mothers with exposure to second-hand smoke
1: Pregnant non-smokers who breathe in the second-hand smoke of other people
3030660
seconhand smoke exposure/stillbirth
passive smoking/stillbirth
No
20
19-11-003UCLVisual Distortion of Body Size Modulates Pain Perception11
Mancini F,Longo MR,Kammers MP,Haggard P
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21303990
Look at your body to reduce pain0
1: healthy, right-handed volunteers
1: humans (your)
3030660
Viewing your hand or viewing a wooden object/heat-pain threshold
Viewing your hand/Level of pain
No
21
01-11-008
Birmingham
Focusing on food during lunch enhances lunch memory and decreases later snack intake
11Higgs S,Donohoe JE
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21569808
Remember your lunch if you want to avoid afternoon snack
0
1: participants
1: participants
202-1650
enhancing meal memory by focusing attention on food/afternoon snack (count of the number of buscuits consumed)
focussing on eating lunch and paying great attention to the food/Afternoon snack
No
22
01-11-023
Birmingham
Comparison of range of commercial or primary care led weight reduction programmes with minimal intervention control for weight loss in obesity: Lighten up randomised controlled trial
10
Jolly K,Lewis A,Beach J,Denley J,Adab P,Deeks JJ,Daley A,Aveyard P
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22053315
Commercial weight loss services more effective than primary care
0
1: Obese or overweight men and women
1: Patients2024260
Weight management services/Effectiveness at reducing weight
Weight loss services/Effectiveness of weight loss
No
23
02-11-004Bristol
Carotenoid and melanin pigment coloration affect perceived human health
01
Stephen, ID,Coetzee, V,Perrett DI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2010.09.003
Eat your greens to improve your looks0
1: Caucasian people
1: People2130660
Estimates of daily fruit and vegetable intake/Skin colour
Eating fruit and vegetables/Skin colour
No
24
03-11-005Cambridge
Suppression of Avian Influenza Transmission in Genetically Modified Chickens
11
Lyall J,Irvine RM,Sherman A,McKinley TJ,Nunez A,Purdie A,Outtrim L,Brown IH,Rolleston-Smith G,Sang H,Tiley L
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21233391
GM chickens that dont transmit bird flu developed0
5: TG-D5 birds and nontransgenic chickens
5: chickens2020660
Gene modification - short hairpin RNA molecule, decoy 5/susceptability to pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) infection
genetically modified chickens/spread of bird flu
No
25
03-11-010Cambridge
Do positive children become positive adults? Evidence from a longitudinal birth cohort study
11Richards M,Huppert FA
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22723805
Happy children make happy adults0
1: Children / Adults
1: Children / adults
2023360
Childhood mental well-being/Well-being and social and occupational functioning later in life.
Well being in adolescence/Life satisfaction in adulthood
No
26
04-11-002Cardiff
Predicting and Measuring Premises-Level Harm in the Night-Time Economy
11
Moore SC,Brennan I,Murphy S
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21355007
Happy Hour linked to pub violence0
1: Customers of the premises
1: Pub customers
2131230
Features of the premises, such as; capacity, price of cheapest beer, alcohol promotions, number of visible staff on the door/levels of alcohol-related harm
Drinking Promotions/Pub Violence
No
27
06-11-014Glasgow
Risk of Incident Diabetes With Intensive-Dose Compared With Moderate-Dose Statin Therapy A Meta-analysis
10Marx N
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22158545
Diabetes risk associated with heart medication01: Patients1: People2020220
Statin therapy/Diabetes
Statin therapy/Diabetes
No
28
07-11-018Imperial
An international randomised placebo-controlled trial of a four-component combination pill ("Polypill") in people with raised cardiovascular risk.
11
Rodgers A,Patel A,Berwanger O,Bots M,Grimm R,Grobbee DE,Jackson R,Neal B,Neaton J,Poulter N,Rafter N,Raju PK,Reddy S,Thom S,Vander Hoorn S,Webster R
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21647425
Polypill halves predicted heart disease and stroke risk in international trial
0
1: People with raised cardiovascular risk
-9:2020661
Polypill/Effects on blood pressure and cholesterol levels
Four-in-one-combination pill (polypill)/Heart disease and stroke risk
Unrelated
29
08-11-004Kings
Comparison of adaptive pacing therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy, graded exercise therapy, and specialist medical care for chronic fatigue syndrome (PACE): a randomised trial
11
White PD,Goldsmith KA,Johnson AL,Potts L,Walwyn R,DeCesare JC,Baber HL,Burgess M,Clark LV,Cox DL,Bavinton J,Angus BJ,Murphy G,Murphy M,O'Dowd H,Wilks D,McCrone P,Chalder T,Sharpe M
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21334061
Safe and effective treatments for CFS/ME0
1: patients meeting Oxford criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome
1: patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome or Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
2024260
type of treatement for CFS/ME patients - CBT, GET or APT/effectiveness of treatment, measured by the Chalder fatigue questionnaire, and the short form-36 physical function subscale
Type of treatment for CFS/ME/effectiveness of treatment
No
30
08-11-022Kings
Relationship between Serum Vitamin D, Disease Severity, and Airway Remodeling in Children with Asthma
11
Gupta A,Sjoukes A,Richards D,Banya W,Hawrylowicz C,Bush A,Saglani S
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21908411
Vitamin D Deficiency Linked with Severe Asthma0
1: children with STRA, MA and controls
1: Children with severe therapy-resistant asthma
2134260
Serum 25(OH)D3 Levels/bronchodilator response, FEV1 and FVC
levels of vitamin D/lung function
No
31
08-11-032Kings
The Competition for Pupillages at the Bar of England and Wales (20002004)
01Zimdars AK
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6478.2011.00559.x
Age a barrier for breaking into the Bar0
1: BVC graduates
1: aspiring barristers
2020220
age/Obtained Pupillage
age at training/gaining pupillages
No
32
11-11-002LSE
Direct and Indirect Links Between Organizational WorkHome Culture and Employee Well-being
01Beauregard TA
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8551.2010.00723.x
Managers should be assessed on work-life balance0
1: employees
1: employees
2130660
variables of workhome culture/employee well-being
Work-home interference/stress
No
33
13-11-019Newcastle
Exploring the factors contributing to sibling correlations in BMI: a study using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics.
11Brown HW,Roberts J
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22173572
Social norms for obesity learned in childhood01: Siblings1: Siblings2020222
Time constant factors/Correlation in BMI for both cohorts of siblings
Time contant factors/Social norms regarding weight
No
34
14-11-018Nottingham
Antidepressant use and risk of adverse outcomes in older people: population based cohort study
10
Coupland C,Dhiman P,Morriss R,Arthur A,Barton G,Hippisley-Cox J
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21810886
New antidepressants increase risks for eldarly0
1: People aged 65 and over diagnosed with depression
1: people over the age of 65 with depression
2024260
Antidepressants/Several adverse outcomes
Antidepressants/Several adverse outcomes including dying, stroke, falls, fractures, epilepsy, seizures and hypoatraemia
No
35
15-11-011Oxford
Breast feeding and child behaviour in the Millennium Cohort Study
10
Heikkila K,Sacker A,Kelly Y,Renfrew MJ,Quigley MA
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21555784
Prolonged breastfeeding may be connected to fewer child behaviour problems
01: children1: children2020220
Breastfeeding duration/Behavioural problems
duration of breastfeeding/behavioural problems
No
36
18-11-004
Southampton
Brain Structure Abnormalities in Early-Onset and Adolescent-Onset Conduct Disorder
11
Fairchild G,Passamonti L,Hurford G,Hagan CC,von dem Hagen EA,van Goozen SH,Goodyer IM,Calder AJ
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21454920
Brain scans reveal differences in brain structure in teenagers with severe antisocial behaviour
0
1: male adolescents with conduct disorder and matched controls
1: teenage boys with conduct disorder
202-2420
Presence of early-onset or adolscent-onset conduct disorder, assesed using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age ChildrenPresent and Lifetime Version/Grey matter volume in selected areas of the brain; amygdala, insula, anterior cingulate and orbitofrontal cortex
Conduct Disorder/Brain Differences
No
37
01-11-002
Birmingham
Neutrophil function and cortisol:DHEAS ratio in bereaved older adults
10
Khanfer R,Lord JM,Phillips AC
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21420485
Older bereaved 'die of broken immune system not broken heart'
0
1: older adults who had experienced asignificant bereavement in the past 2 months, and a control group
1: older people who have been bereaved
1014260
emotional stress of bereavement, calculated through the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale/measurement of neutrophil superoxide production to E. Coli
emotional stress of bereavement/Neutrophil Bactericidal Activity
No
38
01-11-010
Birmingham
Long-term Risks of Subsequent Primary Neoplasms Among Survivors of Childhood Cancer
10
Reulen RC,Frobisher C,Winter DL,Kelly J,Lancashire ER,Stiller CA,Pritchard-Jones K,Jenkinson HC,Hawkins MM
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21642683
Childhood cancer survivors at greater risk in middle age
0
1: individuals who were diagnosed with cancer at younger than 15 years, from 1940 through 1991 in Great Britain, and survived at least 5 years
1: childhood cancer survivors
1230660
childhood cancer/subsequent primary neoplasms
childhood cancer/development of new cancer
No
39
01-11-013
Birmingham
Pulse oximetry screening for congenital heart defects in newborn infants (PulseOx): a test accuracy study
10
Ewer AK,Middleton LJ,Furmston AT,Bhoyar A,Daniels JP,Thangaratinam S,Deeks JJ,Khan KS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21820732
Simple screening test identifies heart defects in newborns, say researchers
0
1: newborn babies
1: newborns1120660
pulse oxometry/the accuracy of detection of major congenital heart defects
pulse oximetry/identification of congenital heart defects
No
40
01-11-016
Birmingham
Cost-effectiveness of options for the diagnosis of high blood pressure in primary care: a modelling study
11
Lovibond K,Jowett S,Barton P,Caulfield M,Heneghan C,Hobbs FD,Hodgkinson J,Mant J,Martin U,Williams B,Wonderling D,McManus RJ
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21868086
University research shapes new NICE guidelines on bloodpressure
0
7: Hypothetical primary-care population aged 40 years or older with a blood pressure level at the screening clinic of greater than 140/90 mm Hg
-9:1122
Not mentioned
2-9
Three clinically relevant diagnostic options/
Diagnostic strategies/Clinical accuracy
No
41
01-11-017
Birmingham
The unmet need for interpreting provision in UK primary care11
Gill PS,Beavan J,Calvert M,Freemantle N
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21695146
Translators needed in UK GP surgeries say researchers
0
1: Practitioners, patients and interpreters
1: Translators, patients and healthcare professionals
1120
Not mentioned
Not mentioned
-9
/The use of interpreting services
/Instances where professional interpreters were used
No
42
01-11-021
Birmingham
Behavioural memory reconsolidation of food and fear memories
11Flavell CR,Barber DJ,Lee JL
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22009036
Remembering to Forget: Destroying Bad Memories and Breaking Bad Habits
24: rats-9:1010660
reactivation and extinction/memory extinction
brief memory retrieval and extended cue exposure/disruption of memories
No
43
02-11-003Bristol
Costs and cost effectiveness of different strategies for chlamydia screening and partner notification: an economic and mathematical modelling study
11
Turner K,Adams E,Grant A,Macleod J,Bell G,Clarke J,Horner P
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21205807
New study evaluates different strategies for chlamydia screening
0
1: Males who may have chlamydia
1: male partners of chlamydia positive women
1120
Not mentioned
Not mentioned
0
cost effectiveness and comparison of partner notification and screening/Diagnosis of Chlamydia
economical and mathematical modelling of different intervention strategies/Chlamydia Status Rates
No
44
02-11-013Bristol
Associations of circulating and dietary vitamin D with prostate cancer risk: a systematic review and doseresponse meta-analysis
11
Gilbert R,Martin RM,Beynon R,Harris R,Savovic J,Zuccolo L,Bekkering GE,Fraser WD,Sterne JA,Metcalfe C
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21203822
No link between Vitamin D levels and prostate cancer2
1: prostate cancer cases and controls
1: men1010110
Vitamin D/Incidence of prostate cancer
Vitamin D levels/risk of prostate cancer
No
45
02-11-018Bristol
Habitual Levels of Vigorous, But Not Moderate or Light, Physical Activity Is Positively Related to Cortical Bone Mass in Adolescents
10
Sayers A,Mattocks C,Deere K,Ness A,Riddoch C,Tobias JH
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21325463
A jog a day keeps osteoporosis away0
1: Adolescents
1: Children1014260
Different intensity levels of PA (measured by actigraph)/Cortical bone mineral content, cortical bone mineral density, and cortical bone area of the mid (50%) right tibia
Physical activity/Bone thickness
No
46
02-11-024Bristol
Diet or diet plus physical activity versus usual care in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: the Early ACTID randomised controlled trial
10
Lima PA,Sampaio LP,Damasceno NR
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25518023
Dietary advice improves blood sugar control for recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients
0
1: patients with type 2 diabetes
1: type 2 diabetes patients
1120660
Intensive dietary intervention/glycaemic control
dietry advice/usual care/blood sugar control
No
47
02-11-027Bristol
Interaction between ERAP1 and HLA-B27 in ankylosing spondylitis implicates peptide handling in the mechanism for HLA-B27 in disease susceptibility
11
Evans DM,Spencer CC,Pointon JJ,Su Z,Harvey D,Kochan G,Oppermann U,Dilthey A,Pirinen M,Stone MA,Appleton L,Moutsianas L,Leslie S,Wordsworth T,Kenna TJ,Karaderi T,Thomas GP,Ward MM,Weisman MH,Farrar C,Bradbury LA,Danoy P,Inman RD,Maksymowych W,Gladman D,Rahman P,Morgan A,Marzo-Ortega H,Bowness P,Gaffney K,Gaston JS,Smith M,Bruges-Armas J,Couto AR,Sorrentino R,Paladini F,Ferreira MA,Xu H,Liu Y,Jiang L,Lopez-Larrea C,Diaz-Pena R,Lopez-Vazquez A,Zayats T,Band G,Bellenguez C,Blackburn H,Blackwell JM,Bramon E,Bumpstead SJ,Casas JP,Corvin A,Craddock N,Deloukas P,Dronov S,Duncanson A,Edkins S,Freeman C,Gillman M,Gray E,Gwilliam R,Hammond N,Hunt SE,Jankowski J,Jayakumar A,Langford C,Liddle J,Markus HS,Mathew CG,McCann OT,McCarthy MI,Palmer CN,Peltonen L,Plomin R,Potter SC,Rautanen A,Ravindrarajah R,Ricketts M,Samani N,Sawcer SJ,Strange A,Trembath RC,Viswanathan AC,Waller M,Weston P,Whittaker P,Widaa S,Wood NW,McVean G,Reveille JD,Wordsworth BP,Brown MA,Donnelly P
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21743469
Genetic study sheds new light on auto-immune arthritis
0
1: affected individuals and healthy controls
1: humans (individual)
1011230
gene associations at seven new loci/ankylosing spondylitis
genetic make-up/Ankylosing Spondylitis
No
48
02-11-029Bristol
Contribution of inappropriate complementary foods to the salt intake of 8-month-old infants
11
Cribb VL,Warren JM,Emmett PM
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21772314
Seventy per cent of eight-month-olds consume too much salt
0
1: 8-month-old infants
1: Eight-month-olds
1234260
Complementary Feeding Practices/Sodium Intakes
Sources of Salt/Salt Consumption
No
49
02-11-030Bristol
I'm on it 24/7 at the moment: A qualitative examination of multi-screen viewing behaviours among UK 10-11 year olds
11
Jago R,Sebire SJ,Gorely T,Cillero IH,Biddle SJ
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21812945
TV time: why children watch multi-screens0
1: 10-11 year old children
1: children1010
Not mentioned
Not mentioned
-9
/multi-screen viewing behaviours
/multi-screen viewing
No
50
02-11-037Bristol
Children's familiarity with snack foods changes expectations about fullness
11
Hardman CA,McCrickerd K,Brunstrom JM
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21918214
Study finds familiarity increases the fullness that children expect from snack foods
01: children1: children1010660
participants current frequency of consumption/expected satiation
familiarity with snack foods/expectations about fullness
No
51
03-11-001Cambridge
Closed-Loop Insulin Delivery During Pregnancy Complicated by Type 1 Diabetes
11
Murphy HR,Elleri D,Allen JM,Harris J,Simmons D,Rayman G,Temple R,Dunger DB,Haidar A,Nodale M,Wilinska ME,Hovorka R
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21216859
Artificial pancreas in pregnancy promises fewer diabetes deaths
0
1: pregnant women with type 1 diabetes.
1: pregnant women with Type 1 diabetes.
101-66
Not mentioned
0
closed-loop insulin delivery/Plasma glucose levels
closed-loop insulin delivery system/blood glucose levels control
No
52
03-11-020Cambridge
Anticholinergic Medication Use and Cognitive Impairment in the Older Population: The Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study
10Griebling TL
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22423931
Drug side effect linked with increased health risks for over 65s
0
1: participants aged 65 and older living at home and in institutions
1: older people
123-3630
possible or definite anticholinergics determined according to the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale/cognition (MMSE at baseline screening and at the follow-up assessment) and mortality
drugs with an anticholinergic effect/risks of both cognitive impairment and death
No
53
03-11-043Cambridge
The Development of Communicative and Narrative Skills Among Preschoolers: Lessons From Forensic Interviews About Child Abuse
11
Hershkowitz I,Lamb ME,Orbach Y,Katz C,Horowitz D
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22181976
Telling the truth0
1: children alleged victims of sexual abuse
1: young children
1010550
Types of prompt/
sensitive interviewing/talk informatively and accurately about experiences
No
54
05-11-001Edinburgh
Chlamydia trachomatis Infection Increases Fallopian Tube PROKR2 via TLR2 and NFB Activation Resulting in a Microenvironment Predisposed to Ectopic Pregnancy
11
Shaw JL,Wills GS,Lee KF,Horner PJ,McClure MO,Abrahams VM,Wheelhouse N,Jabbour HN,Critchley HO,Entrican G,Horne AW
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21224062
Chlamydia and ectopic pregnancy link1
6: Human fallopian tube biopsies and sera were collected from women during hysterectomy for benign gynecological conditions
1: women who have had chlamydia
1010660
Chlamydia trachomatis/tubal expression of PROKR2
Chlamydia/Ectopic pregnancy
No
55
05-11-003EdinburghCircadian rhythms persist without transcription in a eukaryote11
O'Neill JS,van Ooijen G,Dixon LE,Troein C,Corellou F,Bouget FY,Reddy AB,Millar AJ
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21270895
Scientists pinpoint ancient body clock1
6: the picoeukaryote Ostreococcus tauri (a strain of unicellular algae)
6: Algae and red blood cells
1010
Not mentioned
Not mentioned
1
oxidation of peroxiredoxin proteins via the presence or absence of darkness/PRX oxidation rythmns
DNA activity determined by presence or absence of darkness/Circadian clocks
No
56
05-11-007Edinburgh
Host Defense against Viral Infection Involves Interferon Mediated Down-Regulation of Sterol Biosynthesis
11
Blanc M,Hsieh WY,Robertson KA,Watterson S,Shui G,Lacaze P,Khondoker M,Dickinson P,Sing G,Rodriguez-Martin S,Phelan P,Forster T,Strobl B,Muller M,Riemersma R,Osborne T,Wenk MR,Angulo A,Ghazal P
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21408089
Curbing cholesterol could combat infections26: cells
2: body's (implicitly human)
101-2640
IFN treatment/sterol pathway downregulation
viral infection/cholesterol levels
No
57
05-11-008Edinburgh
Novel Fat DepotSpecific Mechanisms Underlie Resistance to Visceral Obesity and Inflammation in 11-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 1Deficient Mice
11
Wamil M,Battle JH,Turban S,Kipari T,Seguret D,de Sousa Peixoto R,Nelson YB,Nowakowska D,Ferenbach D,Ramage L,Chapman KE,Hughes J,Dunbar DR,Seckl JR,Morton NM
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21350084
Study shapes understanding of body fat24: mice
1: some people
1010660
levels of 11BetaHSD1, altered through high fat diets/fat cell size
presence of the protein 11BetaHSD1/levels of fat tissue
No
58
05-11-018Edinburgh
Sero-Prevalence and Incidence of A/H1N1 2009 Influenza Infection in Scotland in Winter 20092010
11
McLeish NJ,Simmonds P,Robertson C,Handel I,McGilchrist M,Singh BK,Kerr S,Chase-Topping ME,Sinka K,Bronsvoort M,Porteous DJ,Carman W,McMenamin J,Leigh-Brown A,Woolhouse ME
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21687661
Two million had swine flu, study shows01: people1: adults1010
Not mentioned
Not mentioned
0
serum samples/ A/H1N1 2009-specific antibodies
Blood samples/H1N1 antibodies
No
59
06-11-004Glasgow
Nonstimulated early visual areas carry information about surrounding context
11Smith FW,Muckli L
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21041652
What our eyes cant see, the brain fills in2
1: Participants
1: Humans (our)
1010660
Partially occluded natural scenes/Brain activity patterns
Whether the lower right section of each image was covered with a white rectangle/Brain's response to white rectangle via fMRI
No
60
06-11-006Glasgow
Diabetes Mellitus, Fasting Glucose, and Risk of Cause-Specific Death
10
Seshasai SR,Kaptoge S,Thompson A,Di Angelantonio E,Gao P,Sarwar N,Whincup PH,Mukamal KJ,Gillum RF,Holme I,Njolstad I,Fletcher A,Nilsson P,Lewington S,Collins R,Gudnason V,Thompson SG,Sattar N,Selvin E,Hu FB,Danesh J
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21366474
Middle aged diabetes patients can die six years earlier0
1: participants
1: people with diabetes
1013251
diabetes/cause-specific rates of death
diabetes/life expectancy
No
61
06-11-012Glasgow
The changing association between socioeconomic circumstances and the incidence of colorectal cancer: a population-based study
11
Oliphant R,Brewster DH,Morrison DS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21559020
Bowel cancer rates fall among rich men only1
1: male/female participants
1: men1230220
Socioeconomic circumstances/incident cases of colorectal cancer
Men from different socioeconomic circumstances/Bowel cancer rates
No
62
06-11-024Glasgow
Chromosome and gene copy number variation allow major structural change between species and strains of Leishmania;Whole genome sequencing of multiple Leishmania donovani clinical isolates provides insights into population structure and mechanisms of drug resistance
11
Rogers MB,Hilley JD,Dickens NJ,Wilkes J,Bates PA,Depledge DP,Harris D,Her Y,Herzyk P,Imamura H,Otto TD,Sanders M,Seeger K,Dujardin JC,Berriman M,Smith DF,Hertz-Fowler C,Mottram JC
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22038252
Scientists gain new insight into genetic structure of flesh-eating parasite
0
5: Leishmania clinical strains
5: Leishmania parasite
1010
Not mentioned
Not mentioned
0
clinical L. donovani lines, A L. mexicana, L. major, L. infantum, and L. braziliensis/reference genome
different species of the leishmania parasite/genome structure
No
63
06-11-028Glasgow
Thrombolysis outcomes in acute ischemic stroke patients with prior stroke and diabetes mellitus
10
Al-Shayji IA,Caslake MJ,Gill JM
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/
Clot-busting drugs improve diabetic stroke patients prospects, study reveals
0
1: patients having DM, PS, or both and controls
1: patients who have diabetes and previously suffered a stroke
1120660
thrombolytic therapy/likely treatment effect
thrombolytic therapy/recovery from a second stroke
No
64
07-11-011Imperial
A genome-wide association study in Europeans and South Asians identifies five new loci for coronary artery disease
01
Coronary Artery Disease (C4D) Genetics Consortium.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21378988
Study finds five new genetic variants linked to heart disease
2
8: DNA from Tissue samples
6: Tissue Samples
1011230
Genome wide association studies in CAD looking at common gene variants/Coronary Artery Disease Risk
Gene Regions/Heart Disease Risk
No
65
07-11-017Imperial
Screening of immigrants in the UK for imported latent tuberculosis: a multicentre cohort study and cost-effectiveness analysis
10
Pareek M,Watson JP,Ormerod LP,Kon OM,Woltmann G,White PJ,Abubakar I,Lalvani A
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21514236
Immigrant screening misses majority of imported latent TB, finds study
0
1: immigrants
1: immigrants
1011
Not mentioned
10
immigrant screening with IGRA at diff erent incidence thresholds/positive IGRA and normal chest radiography in the absence of any clinical features that would suggest active disease
Better TB screenin with new blood tests/Latent TB
No
66
07-11-020Imperial
Mortality after Fluid Bolus in African Children with Severe Infection
10
Simwami SP,Khayhan K,Henk DA,Aanensen DM,Boekhout T,Hagen F,Brouwer AE,Harrison TS,Donnelly CA,Fisher MC
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/
African trial questions emergency treatment of children in shock
0
1: Children presented with a severe febrile illness complicated by impaired consciousness, respiratory distress, or both, and with impaired perfusion
1: African children in shock
1120660
resuscitation with bolus fluids/death rate at 48 hours
fluid resuscitation/survival rate
No
67
07-11-040Imperial
Aberrant Adiposity and Ectopic Lipid Deposition Characterize the Adult Phenotype of the Preterm Infant
11
Thomas EL,Parkinson JR,Hyde MJ,Yap IK,Holmes E,Dore CJ,Bell JD,Modi N
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21772225
Premature babies at risk of ill health in later life, research suggests
0
1: healthy young male and female volunteers aged 1827 y, born at term or preterm
1: young adults born prematurely
1121230
being born preterm/Adipose tissue volumes and ectopic lipid
prematurity/fat tissue around abdomens and in muscle and liver
No
68
09-11-002Leeds
Dietary iron intake during early pregnancy and birth outcomes in a cohort of British women
11
Alwan NA,Greenwood DC,Simpson NA,McArdle HJ,Godfrey KM,Cade JE
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21303776
Iron intake during pregnancy linked to birthweight0
1: pregant women
1: pregnant women
1230220
iron intake/birthweight
total iron intake/birthweight
No
69
09-11-003Leeds
Use of weekly, low dose, high frequency ultrasound for hard to heal venous leg ulcers: the VenUS III randomised controlled trial
11
Watson JM,Kang'ombe AR,Soares MO,Chuang LH,Worthy G,Bland JM,Iglesias C,Cullum N,Torgerson D,Nelson EA
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21385806
Laughter really is the best medicine (for leg ulcers)0
1: Eligible participants had venous leg ulcers of >6 months duration or >5 cm2 in size, or both
1: patients with venous leg ulcers
1125162
the effect of standard ulcer care alone with standard care plus ultrasound treatment/time to healing of the reference ulcer, health related quality of life, proportion of participants with ulcers healed at 12 months, percentage and absolute change in ulcer size, adverse events, and cost of treatments
Laughter/Venous Leg Ulcers
No
70
12-11-005Manchester
Trends in mortality from 1965 to 2008 across the English north-south divide: comparative observational study
11
Hacking JM,Muller S,Buchan IE
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21325004
Chance of dying early 20% higher in north than south of England
0
1: English population
2: English population
1120221
The north-south divide/mortality rates
north-south health divide/chances of dying before age of 75
No
71
12-11-014Manchester
High-frequency Triazole Resistance Found In Nonculturable Aspergillus fumigatus from Lungs of Patients with Chronic Fungal Disease
11
Denning DW,Park S,Lass-Florl C,Fraczek MG,Kirwan M,Gore R,Smith J,Bueid A,Moore CB,Bowyer P,Perlin DS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21467016
Drug-resistance fears for deadly fungal disease0
1: samples from patients
1: patients with aspergillosis
1010220
real-time PCR diagnostic assay/Aspergillus burdens in the lungs
molecular test for Aspergillus diagnosis/diagnosis of Aspergillus infection
No
72
12-11-016Manchester
Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Kinase 4 Deficiency in Cardiomyocytes Causes Connexin 43 Reduction and Couples Hypertrophic Signals to Ventricular Arrhythmogenesis*
11
Zi M,Kimura TE,Liu W,Jin J,Higham J,Kharche S,Hao G,Shi Y,Shen W,Prehar S,Mironov A,Neyses L,Bierhuizen MF,Boyett MR,Zhang H,Lei M,Cartwright EJ,Wang X
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21454599
Enzyme prevents fatal heart condition associated with athletes
2
8: rat/Mice/mathematical models
1: athletes1010661
MKK4/arrhythmogenic substrate
Enzyme/fatal cardiac disorders associated with cardiac hypertrophy
No
73
13-11-009Newcastle
Maternal body mass index and the risk of fetal and infant death: a cohort study from the North of England
11
Tennant PW,Rankin J,Bell R
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21467206
Mothers obesity increases the risk of foetal and infant death
0
1: pregnant women
1: women1120660
BMI/Prevalence rates for fetal outcomes and perinatal mortality
Women who are obese during early pregnancy/risk of foetal and infant death
No
74
13-11-010Newcastle
Reversal of type 2 diabetes: normalisation of beta cell function in association with decreased pancreas and liver triacylglycerol
11
Lim EL,Hollingsworth KG,Aribisala BS,Chen MJ,Mathers JC,Taylor R
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21656330
Diet reverses Type 2 Diabetes0
1: Individuals with type 2 diabetes
1: people1231560
dietary intervention/plasma glucose, hepatic glucose production (HGP), hepatic triacylglycerol content (TG), insulin secretion, etc
extreme low calorie diet/type 2 diabetes
No
75
14-11-002Nottingham
Task-related default mode network modulation and inhibitory control in ADHD: effects of motivation and methylphenidate
11
Liddle EB,Hollis C,Batty MJ,Groom MJ,Totman JJ,Liotti M,Scerif G,Liddle PF
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21073458
Faulty 'off-switch' stops children with ADHD from concentrating
0
1: right-handed children aged 9 to 15 years with a clinical diagnosis of ADHD (DSM-IV combined subtype) and responsive to methylphenidate and typically developing controls
1: children with and without ADHD
1013361
right-handed children aged 9 to 15 years with a clinical diagnosis of ADHD and typically developing volunteers/event related deactivation in the DMN
presence of ADHD or no ADHD/concentration
No cure
76
14-11-005Nottingham
Effect of pay for performance on the management and outcomes of hypertension in the United Kingdom: interrupted time series study
11
Serumaga B,Ross-Degnan D,Avery AJ,Elliott RA,Majumdar SR,Zhang F,Soumerai SB
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21266440
Pay for performance targets do not improve patient health
0
1: patients with a diagnosis of hypertension during the observation period (January 2000 to July 2007).
1: patients with high blood pressure
1120110
three years before, and up to four years after, the implementation of pay for performance./changes in processes of care (frequency of treatment initiation and monitoring, intensity of prescribing)
before/after pay for performance targets were introduced/Quality of care
No
77
14-11-006Nottingham
The impact of emergency birth control on teen pregnancy and STIs
10Girma S,Paton D
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21288585
Morning after pill linked to increase in STIs, study shows
0
1: teenagers
1: teenagers
1011230
pharmacy EBC schemes/STI rates
schemes to offer emergency birth control at pharmacies and without prescription/rates of STIs
No
78
14-11-008NottinghamCompensatory Neural Reorganization in Tourette Syndrome11
Jackson SR,Parkinson A,Jung J,Ryan SE,Morgan PS,Hollis C,Jackson GM
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21439830
Could 'training the brain' help children with Tourette syndrome?
0
1: Children with tourette syndrome and controls
1: Children with tourette syndrome
1010220
Tourette Syndrome/differences in the functional anatomy of the TS brain
Tourette syndrome/reorganisation of the brain structure
No
79
14-11-023Nottingham
Genome-wide association and large-scale follow up identifies 16 new loci influencing lung function
11
Soler Artigas M,Loth DW,Wain LV,Gharib SA,Obeidat M,Tang W,Zhai G,Zhao JH,Smith AV,Huffman JE,Albrecht E,Jackson CM,Evans DM,Cadby G,Fornage M,Manichaikul A,Lopez LM,Johnson T,Aldrich MC,Aspelund T,Barroso I,Campbell H,Cassano PA,Couper DJ,Eiriksdottir G,Franceschini N,Garcia M,Gieger C,Gislason GK,Grkovic I,Hammond CJ,Hancock DB,Harris TB,Ramasamy A,Heckbert SR,Heliovaara M,Homuth G,Hysi PG,James AL,Jankovic S,Joubert BR,Karrasch S,Klopp N,Koch B,Kritchevsky SB,Launer LJ,Liu Y,Loehr LR,Lohman K,Loos RJ,Lumley T,Al Balushi KA,Ang WQ,Barr RG,Beilby J,Blakey JD,Boban M,Boraska V,Brisman J,Britton JR,Brusselle GG,Cooper C,Curjuric I,Dahgam S,Deary IJ,Ebrahim S,Eijgelsheim M,Francks C,Gaysina D,Granell R,Gu X,Hankinson JL,Hardy R,Harris SE,Henderson J,Henry A,Hingorani AD,Hofman A,Holt PG,Hui J,Hunter ML,Imboden M,Jameson KA,Kerr SM,Kolcic I,Kronenberg F,Liu JZ,Marchini J,McKeever T,Morris AD,Olin AC,Porteous DJ,Postma DS,Rich SS,Ring SM,Rivadeneira F,Rochat T,Sayer AA,Sayers I,Sly PD,Smith GD,Sood A,Starr JM,Uitterlinden AG,Vonk JM,Wannamethee SG,Whincup PH,Wijmenga C,Williams OD,Wong A,Mangino M,Marciante KD,McArdle WL,Meibohm B,Morrison AC,North KE,Omenaas E,Palmer LJ,Pietilainen KH,Pin I,Pola Sbreve Ek O,Pouta A,Psaty BM,Hartikainen AL,Rantanen T,Ripatti S,Rotter JI,Rudan I,Rudnicka AR,Schulz H,Shin SY,Spector TD,Surakka I,Vitart V,Volzke H,Wareham NJ,Warrington NM,Wichmann HE,Wild SH,Wilk JB,Wjst M,Wright AF,Zgaga L,Zemunik T,Pennell CE,Nyberg F,Kuh D,Holloway JW,Boezen HM,Lawlor DA,Morris RW,Probst-Hensch N,Kaprio J,Wilson JF,Hayward C,Kahonen M,Heinrich J,Musk AW,Jarvis DL,Glaser S,Jarvelin MR,Ch Stricker BH,Elliott P,O'Connor GT,Strachan DP,London SJ,Hall IP,Gudnason V,Tobin MD
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21946350
New discoveries in the genetics of lung health0
1: Individuals
2: sixteen new sections of the genetic code
1010220
New loci/Lung function
Genetic variants/Lung health
No cure
80
14-11-026Nottingham
Measuring the population burden of injuries  Implications for global and national estimates: A multi-centre prospective UK longitudinal study
11
Lyons RA,Kendrick D,Towner EM,Christie N,Macey S,Coupland C,Gabbe BJ
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22162954
Impact of injuries in the UK more than two and a half times higher than estimated
0
1: ED-treated patients
1: Patients1010220
Previous estimates of injuries/Absolute burden of injury
Previous estimates [of injuries]/Impact of injuries
No
81
14-11-027Nottingham
Outcomes of the Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (BCSP) in England after the first 1 million tests
11
Logan RF,Patnick J,Nickerson C,Coleman L,Rutter MD,von Wagner C
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22156981
Bowel cancer screening proven to save lives0
1: subjects identified for screening
1: humans (lives)
1120660
The Bowel Cancer Screening System/cancer stage
bowel cancer screening programme/bowel cancer deaths
No
82
15-11-003Oxford
The Effect of Treatment Expectation on Drug Efficacy: Imaging the Analgesic Benefit of the Opioid Remifentanil
11
Bingel U,Wanigasekera V,Wiech K,Ni Mhuircheartaigh R,Lee MC,Ploner M,Tracey I
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21325618
The placebo effect: expecting the best, fearing the worst
0
1: Healthy participants
1: Healthy volunteers
1120660
positive and negative expectancies of treatment outcome/analgesic effect of the m-opioid receptor agonist remifentanil
Poor/Positive Expectations/the effect of a potent pain-relieving drug
No
83
15-11-025OxfordSleep and circadian rhythm disruption in schizophrenia10
Ramagopalan SV,Dyment DA,Cader MZ,Morrison KM,Disanto G,Morahan JM,Berlanga-Taylor AJ,Handel A,De Luca GC,Sadovnick AD,Lepage P,Montpetit A,Ebers GC
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/
Treating sleep problems may be important in schizophrenia
0
1: People with Scizoprenia
1: Patients1010220
Schiophrenia/Sleep-wake cycle
Schizophrenia/Sleep problems
No
84
16-11-007
Queens Belfast
Long-term effect of aspirin on cancer risk in carriers of hereditary colorectal cancer: an analysis from the CAPP2 randomised controlled trial
10
Mathers JC,Movahedi M,Macrae F,Mecklin JP,Moeslein G,Olschwang S,Eccles D,Evans G,Maher ER,Bertario L,Bisgaard ML,Dunlop M,Ho JW,Hodgson S,Lindblom A,Lubinski J,Morrison PJ,Murday V,Ramesar R,Side L,Scott RJ,Thomas HJ,Vasen H,Gerdes AM,Barker G,Crawford G,Elliott F,Pylvanainen K,Wijnen J,Fodde R,Lynch H,Bishop DT,Burn J
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23140761
Scientists prove regular aspirin intake halves cancer risk
0
1: carriers of Lynch syndrome
-9:1230660
aspirin versus placebo intake/cancer incidence rate
regular dose of aspirin/risk of developing hereditary cancers
No
85
17-11-006Sheffield
Music listening practices in workplace settings in the UK: an exploratory survey of office-based settings
01Haake B
http://www.citeulike.org/user/rhiatrogo/article/9551538
Want happier, more productive workers? Turn the music on
0
1: employees
1: workers101-1650
amount and type of music listening during a working week, the listening technologies employed, the amount of control the respondent had over music in their workplace, the tasks performed concurrently with music listening, and the perceived functions that music listening had for the respondent/well-being and work performance
listening to music at work/making workers relax, improve their mood and make them feel happier,
No
86
18-11-005
Southampton
Epigenetic Gene Promoter Methylation at Birth Is Associated With Childs Later Adiposity
11
Godfrey KM,Sheppard A,Gluckman PD,Lillycrop KA,Burdge GC,McLean C,Rodford J,Slater-Jefferies JL,Garratt E,Crozier SR,Emerald BS,Gale CR,Inskip HM,Cooper C,Hanson MA
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21471513
International study finds new link between mothers pregnancy diet and offsprings chances of obesity
01: children1: Children1013250
information on mothers diet during pregnancy/methylation
Mother's diet/epigenetic change
No
87
18-11-012
Southampton
Association between bisphosphonate use and implant survival after primary total arthroplasty of the knee or hip: population based retrospective cohort study
10
Prieto-Alhambra D,Javaid MK,Judge A,Murray D,Carr A,Cooper C,Arden NK
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22147909
Osteoarthritis patients set to benefit from new evidence for increasing the lifetime of joint implants
0
1: patients undergoing lower limb arthroplasty
1: Patients who have undergone knee or hip replacement surgery
1012240
bisphosphonate use/implant survival
bisphosphonate use/implant survival time
No
88
18-11-013
Southampton
Possible net harms of breast cancer screening: updated modelling of Forrest report
11Raftery J,Chorozoglou M
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22155336
New study supports claim that breast screening may be causing more harm than good
01: women1: women1010440
mammographic breast screening/harms from false positive results and unnecessary surgery
breast cancer screening/possible harms
No
89
19-11-006UCL
Maternal smoking in pregnancy and birth defects: a systematic review based on 173 687 malformed cases and 11.7 million controls
11
Hackshaw A,Rodeck C,Boniface S
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21747128
Birth defects linked to smoking in pregnancy0
1: Women smoking during pregnancy or when planning to get pregnant
1: Those who smoke during pregnancy
1230220
Maternal smoking status; obtained by questionnaires or interviews during early pregnancy (prospectively), or shortly after birth using surveys, interviews or birth certificates/A range of birth defects
Smoking during pregnancy/Birth defects
No
90
19-11-007UCL
Cytomegalovirus glycoprotein-B vaccine with MF59 adjuvant in transplant recipients: a phase 2 randomised placebo-controlled trial
11
Griffiths PD,Stanton A,McCarrell E,Smith C,Osman M,Harber M,Davenport A,Jones G,Wheeler DC,O'Beirne J,Thorburn D,Patch D,Atkinson CE,Pichon S,Sweny P,Lanzman M,Woodford E,Rothwell E,Old N,Kinyanjui R,Haque T,Atabani S,Luck S,Prideaux S,Milne RS,Emery VC,Burroughs AK
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21481708
Vaccine for transplant infection shows promise0
1: patients recruited from the kidney or liver transplant waiting lists
1: patients waiting for kidney and liver transplants
1010660
vaccine/detection of CMV
vaccine or placebo/cytomegalovirus (CMV)
No
91
19-11-014UCL
Heightened neural reactivity to threat in child victims of family violence
11
McCrory EJ,De Brito SA,Sebastian CL,Mechelli A,Bird G,Kelly PA,Viding E
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22153160
Maltreated children show same pattern of brain activity as combat soldiers
01: Children
1: Children (and soldiers)
1010220
Maltreated children/Activation in bilateral AI and amygdala
Children exposed to family violence/Brain activity
No
92
20-11-001Warwick
Modelling the impact of local reactive school closures on critical care provision during an influenza pandemic
11
House T,Baguelin M,Van Hoek AJ,White PJ,Sadique Z,Eames K,Read JM,Hens N,Melegaro A,Edmunds WJ,Keeling MJ
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21288945
Widespread school closures needed to stop strain on hospitals during epidemics
0
1: children, adults and the elderly at risk of developing influenza during an epidemic
1: children1010440
duration of school closure/estimated burdens placed on hospitals during influenza epidemics
school closures/strain placed on hospitals by the spread of an epidemic
No
93
20-11-003WarwickSex Differences in Semantic Categorization10
Pasterski V,Zwierzynska K,Estes Z
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21516365
New research shows men tend to leap to judgement where women see more shades of grey
0
1: male/female students and staff at the University of Warwick
1: men/women
1010220
male/female students and staff at the University of Warwick/judgement of 25 exemplars of natural categories (e.g., FRUITS) and 25 of artifact categories (e.g., TOOLS) as a nonmember, partial member, or full member of the given category
gender/category judgments
No
94
20-11-019Warwick
Child maltreatment: variation in trends and policies in six developed countries
11
Gilbert R,Fluke J,O'Donnell M,Gonzalez-Izquierdo A,Brownell M,Gulliver P,Janson S,Sidebotham P
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22169108
Child maltreatment shows no signs of significant decrease
01: Children1: Children1120110
Trends in six countries/Child treatment
Data from six states and countries/Child maltreatment
No
95
01-11-001
Birmingham
The Nature of Gestures' Beneficial Role in Spatial Problem Solving
11Chu M,Kita S
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21299319
New Research Points to the Benefits of Being all Fingers and Thumbs
01: Students1: Students0110660
Amount of hand gesturing/Performance on mental rotation problems
Hand Gestures/Performance on spatial visualisation problems
No
96
01-11-003
Birmingham
Inappropriate 999 calls: an online pilot survey11Kirkby HM,Roberts LM
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21343178
University research reveals public ignorance over non-emergency calls
0
1: 133 friends, family and colleagues of the researcher
1: people0110330
12 common medical scenarios/participants decided the appropriateness of calling an ambulance, responding 'yes' or 'no' tp each of the 12 medical scenarios
Medical scenarios/Whether respondants thought that an ambulance should be called
No
97
01-11-004
Birmingham
The C-Terminal Domain of the Arabinosyltransferase Mycobacterium tuberculosis EmbC Is a Lectin-Like Carbohydrate Binding Module
11
Alderwick LJ,Lloyd GS,Ghadbane H,May JW,Bhatt A,Eggeling L,Futterer K,Besra GS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21383969
Birmingham pushes ahead on global scourge of TB06: EmbC-9:0000
Not mentioned
Not mentioned
-9
/Structural characterisation of the Emb Araf-transferases in M. tuberculosis
/Atomic make up/structure of enzyme EmbC
No
98
01-11-006
Birmingham
Early Reduction of Serum-Free Light Chains Associates with Renal Recovery in Myeloma Kidney
11
Hutchison CA,Cockwell P,Stringer S,Bradwell A,Cook M,Gertz MA,Dispenzieri A,Winters JL,Kumar S,Rajkumar SV,Kyle RA,Leung N
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21511832
Research brings new hope of renal recovery for cancer patients
0
1: patients with biopsy proven myeloma kidney
1: patients with myeloma
0004260
FLC reduction/renal recovery
treatment threshold/renal recovery
No
99
01-11-007
Birmingham
Trans-endocytosis of CD80 and CD86: a molecular basis for the cell extrinsic function of CTLA-4
11
Qureshi OS,Zheng Y,Nakamura K,Attridge K,Manzotti C,Schmidt EM,Baker J,Jeffery LE,Kaur S,Briggs Z,Hou TZ,Futter CE,Anderson G,Walker LS,Sansom DM
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21474713
Birmingham scientists discover 'how to stop your immune system from killing you'
2
6: CHO cells expressing CD86-GFP from humans and mice
2: You0000660
The CTLA-4 molecule/Autoimmunity suppression and immune homeostasis
CTLA-4/Aggressive behaviour of T-cells
No
100
01-11-009
Birmingham
A comparison of clinical officers with medical doctors on outcomes of caesarean section in the developing world: meta-analysis of controlled studies
11
Wilson A,Lissauer D,Thangaratinam S,Khan KS,MacArthur C,Coomarasamy A
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21571914
Major analysis shows value of non-physician clinicians for maternal health in sub-Saharan Africa
0
1: women undergoing caesarean section in developing countries
1: Mothers in developing countries who give birth by caesarean section
0110110
clinical training/maternal or perinatal mortality in caesarean sections
clinical training/outcomes of caesarean section
No
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allMainData.csv