MEAL spreadsheet on themes and characters
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ThemeCharactersSpecific Examples
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Tiara, Anshiqa & Wen Yu1) Prejudice and discrimination Bruno and FatherBruno's father hated the Jews and did not bother to hide his contempt. Example: 'No, not them,' said Bruno. 'The people I see from my window. In the huts, in the distance. They're all dressed the same.'
Ah, those people,' said Father, nodding his head and smiling slightly. 'Those people… well, they're not people at all, Bruno.
When Bruno asked his father about the people over the fence, Bruno's father told him that they were not even poeple. This shows that he looked with Jews with such intolerance and as if they are filth, that even refused to acknowledge them as human beings, rather just animals under his control.
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SakshiHumanityPavel and BrunoPavel had seen the accident take place. Although Pavel hated the family for making him peel carrots, he still had the humanity to help Bruno up and nurse his wound
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Cornelius LeeObedience and ConformityBruno 1.He tried to respect the rules in the house e.g Do not interupt people when they are talking and do not enter the restricted rooms(Pg 11 PDF). He wanted to run away from Out With but he did not obeying his parents and stayed there with the family knowing that if he left it will make his parents worried.(Pg 38 Last part of chapter 6) Bruno tried not to interupt his parents when they were talking 2.Bruno. He disrespect his parents order to not bother those people/children over the fence. "One thing Bruno tried not to think was that he haved been told on countless occasions by both mother and fatherthat he was not allowed to walk in this direction."(Chapter 9, last peragraph.) This shows clearly that Bruno was clearly prohibited from the fenced up area/concentration camp. It also means that Bruno dirrectly disobey commands from his parents, out of curiousity. At the end, Bruno died due to his disobedience. Somethings are worth dicovering while others are better left untouched. After all curiousity killed the cat.
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Prejudice and discriminationKotler and Pavel "Pavel came towards them and Kotler spoke to him insolently, despite the fact he was young enough to be his grandson. Take this little man...He will select one and you are to carry it wherever he asks you to..." First off, the word "insolent" shows how rude and arrogant Kotler is when talking to Pavel, even though it says that Pavel's age would be that of his grandfather, showing the difference in age which would usually call for some respect, and yet he simply orders Pavel around, revealing that he does not consider Pavel human enough to have the usually respect for elderly to apply to him. Second, the orders Pavel to obey Bruno's orders of where to place the tire. He has just placed a man who is obviously older than him under a boy is younger than him, a boy that he looks down on as seen from the way he refers to Bruno as "little man". This reinforces the view that Kotler doesn't hold Pavel in high esteem and is predjudiced against him.
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Childhood and InnocenceBrunoBruno does not know how different the Nazi's and the Jews are. (Chapter 16) ' I don't understand why were not allowed on the other side of it, what's so wrong with us that we can't go over there and play. ' Bruno does not know the purpose of why he moved there, and how different he is from all the other Jews who live there. All he sees are a bunch of people living on the other side of the fence, that are the same as him. He treats everyone as an equal and when he sees someone that does not look like him, he wonders why they all look hungry and sunken when they are living the same type of lives as him. Bruno still has his innocence being a child and not knowing how much the world is changing, he treats everyone as an equal and that is something that we all have to learn from him.
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GeraldHumanityShmuel and BrunoEven though Bruno heard from Gretel that Jews like Schmuel, should be hated by the others, he still remained friends with Schmuel.
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Chan Ze FengObedience and ConformityShummel's familyChapter 12, first 5 pages.First, Shumel's favourite watch is taken from him by soldiers, but when he recounts it to Bruno he just says it as if it is normal, showing that he has accpeted what the Soldiers are doing and is conforming to their rules. Second, the armbands. Once again, it can be seen that the Jews are obeying what the soldiers say.Third, Shumel's family is forced out of their homes and have to live with another family in a single room. Despite the fact their living conditions have dropped I I don't see any sort of rebellion, just obedience to the soldiers. 4th, according to Shummel, the train ride was horrible yet once again, everyone just obeyed. Last, Shummel's mother was seperated from the family and once again, they just conform to the rules set by the Germans. Again and Again, it is shown that the Jews did not oppose the Germans but merely obeyed and conformed to their rules.
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Joanna & KellieFriendship and LoyaltyBruno and Shmuel.Bruno tried his best to meet Shmuel no matter the circumstances.He brought food and games to eat and play with Shmuel.
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Childhood and InnocenceBruno and GretelBruno did not understand why there were no doors on the train Shumel was on when the train he was on had doors. He thought that all trains had doors and the passengers could get off as and when they wanted to.
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YashChildhood and InnocenceBruno"Heil Hitler," he said, which, he presumed, was another way of saying , "Well, goodbye for now, have a pleasant afternoon."
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SerenaChildhood and InnocenceBruno Bruno had no former knowledge of the war and did not know of his father’s work. He thought that his father had an important job and 'that he had a 'fantastic uniform’(7) He was oblivious to the discrimination that came along with the word ‘Jew’ And he had no concept of prejudice. Instead, the thought that everyone was the same and did not understand why there were people behind the fence. He also did not know who Hitler was, 'The Fury was far shorter than Father and not, Bruno supposed, quite as strong. He had dark hair, which was cut quite short, and had a tiny mostache - so tiny in fact Bruno wondered why he bothered with it at all or whether he had simply forgotten a piece when hewas shaving' This shows that Bruno did not even know who Hitler was, and even when to insult him while thinking to himself.
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MEAL spreadsheet on themes and characters