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Originally created by
Joseph Jacks
in September, 2013.
COSSI Criteria: COSS ("Commercial OSS" company index) includes COSS companies
that have ever reached $100M or more in annual revenues of any kind
(subscription, license, cloud, services, etc).
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Maintained by COSS Media.COSS Definition: "If any company fundamentally depends on a largely singular
Open-Source core technology to justify its existence, that company is definitionally
a COSS (Commercial Open-Source Software) company"
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COSS CompanyFOSS CoreOSS LicenseCompany CreationProject CreationOSS OriginVC Raised (M)EmployeesEst. Revenue (M)
Est. Valuation (B)
Exit Value (B)Public/PrivateStatusOutcomeExit DateSectorBusiness ModelFoundation-BasedFounders (126)
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AcquiaDrupalGPL v220072000Personal project$2001,080$250$1.0$1.00PrivatePE (Vista)PE9/24/19Web Content Mgmt SystemOpen CoreYesDries BuytaertJay Batson
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AlfrescoAlfrescoLGPL v320052005Company project$70419$100$0.3$1.00PrivateHyland acquired/MergerPE9/9/2020ECM <> BPMOpen CoreNoJohn PowellJohn Newton
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AutomatticWordpressGPL v220052003Personal project$6971,170$350$3.0PrivateIndependentContent Management SystemOpen Corehttps://wordpressfoundation.org/Matt Mullenweg
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CanonicalUbuntuGPL20042004Company project$12.80875$150$1.5PrivateIndependentOperating System (Linux)Open CoreUbuntu FoundationMark Shuttleworth
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ClouderaHadoopApache 2.020082006Internet-Scale (Google)$1,3502,900$1,000$4.0$1.90PublicIPOIPO4/28/17Big Data / Hadoop EcosystemOpen Corehttp://hadoop.apache.org/Christophe BiscigliaAmr Awadallah
Jeff Hammerbacher
Mike Olson
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CloudbeesJenkinsMIT20102011Personal project $111450$100$1.0Private Independent DevOps / CIOpen Corehttps://cd.foundation/
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ConfluentKafkaApache 2.020142011Internet-Scale (LinkedIn)$4551,550$400$20.0PrivateIndependentBig Data / Middleware / StreamingOpen Corehttp://kafka.apache.org/Jun RaoJay KrepsNeha Narkhede
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CouchbaseCouchbaseApache 2.020052003Spin-out (LiveJournal)$251630$150$1.5PrivateIndependentNoSQL DatabaseOpen CoreNoSteve YenDustin SallingsJames PhillipsChris AndersonDamien Katz
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DatabricksSparkApache 2.020132010Academia/Research (AMPLab)$1,9002,100$500$29.0PrivateIndependentBig Data / Hadoop EcosystemOpen Corehttps://spark.apache.org/Ion StoicaMatei ZahariaPatrick WendellAli GhodsiAndy KonwinskiReynold XinScott Shenker
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DatastaxCassandraApache 2.020102008Internet-Scale (Facebook)$240530$150$2.0PrivateIndependentNoSQL DatabaseOpen Corehttp://cassandra.apache.org/Matt PfeilJonathan Ellis
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DockerDockerApache 2.020082013Spin-out (dotCloud)$308200$100$1.0PrivateIndependentDeveloper ToolsOpen Corehttps://www.cncf.io/cncf-containerd-project-journey/Solomon HykesSebastien Pahl
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ElasticElasticSearchSSPL20122010Personal project$2722,200$500$12.0$2.5BPublicIndependentIPO10/5/18Distributed Search Index + ToolsOpen CoreLucene in ASF (basis for ElasticSearch)Shay BannonSteve SchuurmanSimon WillnauerUri Boness
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FastlyVarnishBSD20112006Internet-Scale (Verdens Gang)$220950$350$5.0$2B+PublicIndependentIPO5/18/19CDNOpen CoreNoArtur Bergman
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ForgeRockOpenAM/IDM/DJ/IGCDDL20102005Spin-out (Sun)$235740$200$2.0PrivateIndependentIdentity and Access ManagementOpen CoreNoAllan Foster
Lasse Andresen
Jonathan ScudderStein Myrseth
Hermann Svoren
Victor AkeSteve Ferris
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GitHubGitGPL v220092005Personal project$3501,900$500$7.5$7.50Public (via MSFT)AcquiredM&A6/4/18
Distributed Source Code Version Control
Open Corehttps://git-scm.com/sfcTom Preston-WernerChris WanstrathP.J. HyettScott Chacon
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GitLabGitGPL v220142011Personal project$4371,350$200$6.0PrivateIndependent
Distributed Source Code Version Control
Open Corehttps://git-scm.com/sfcSid SijbrandijDmitriy Zaporozhets
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HashiCorpManyMPLv220122010Personal project$3491,300$400$10.0PrivateIndependentDeveloper / Ops / Infra ToolsOpen CoreNoMitchell HashimotoArmon Dadgar
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InstructureCanvasAGPL v320082011Company project$901,200$200$1.4$0.65Public
Independent (Thoma Bravo)
IPO11/13/2015Learning Management Open CoreNoBrian WhitmerDevlin Daley
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JetBrainsIntelliJApache 2.020002009Company project-1,250$400$7.0PrivateIndependentDeveloper ToolsOpen CoreNoSergey DmitrievValentin KipyatkovEugene Belyaev
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JFrogArtifactoryAGPL v320082007Company project$230820$160$5.0PrivateIndependentSoftware Artifact RepositoryOpen CoreNoFred SimonShlomi Ben HaimYoav Landman
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KalturaKalturaAGPL v320062009Company project$166710$120$1.0Private IndependentVideo Editing Platform Open CoreNoMichal TsurShay DavidRon Yekutiel
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LiferayLiferay PortalLGPL v2.1+20042000Company project-1,250$200$2.0PrivateIndependentEnterprise PortalOpen CoreNoBrian ChanBrian KimBryan CheungCaris Chan
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Linden LabSecond LifeLGPL19992003Company project$19247$100$0.5PrivateIndependentVirtual WorldsOpen CoreNoPhilip Rosedale
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Magento CommerceMagentoOSL v3, AFL v320072008Company project (Varien)$272700$200$1.7$1.68Public (via Adobe)Acquired (Adobe)M&A5/20/18Web Content Mgmt SystemOpen CoreNoRoy RubinYoav Kutner
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Mapbox Mapbox GL JSBSD-320102010
Company project (DevelopmentSeed)
$275530$200$2.0PrivateIndependentMapping SoftwareOpen CoreNoEric Gundersen
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MirantisOpenStackApache 2.019992010Academia/Research (NASA)$227580$100$1.0PrivateIndependentInfrastructure SoftwareOpen Corehttps://www.openstack.org/foundation/Adrian IonelAlex FreedlandBoris Renski
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MongoDB (fka 10gen)MongoDBSSPL20072009Spin-out (10gen)$3112,850$500$17.0$1.60PublicIndependentIPO10/19/17NoSQL DatabaseOpen CoreNoEliot HorowitzDwight MerrimanKevin P. Ryan
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Mozilla CorporationFirefoxMPLv220032002Spin-out (Netscape)$221,500$400$2.0PrivateIndependentWeb BrowserAds/Royaltieshttps://www.mozilla.org/en-US/foundation/Mitchell BakerBrendan Eich
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MuleSoftMule ESBCPAL20062003Personal project$3112,400$1,000$8.0$6.50Public (via SFDC)Acquired (Salesforce)IPO + M&A3/20/18MiddlewareOpen CoreNoRoss MasonDave Rosenberg
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MySQL ABMySQLGPL v219951995Company project$41800$1,000$1.1$1.10Public (via Oracle)Acquired (Sun)M&A2/26/08Relational DatabaseOpen CoreNoMichael "Monty" WideniusDavid AxmarkAllan Larsson
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Neo4jNeo4jGPLv320072007Company Project $190490$150$2.0PrivateIndependentGraph Database Open CoreNoEmil EifremJohan SvenssonPeter Neubauer
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NiciraOpen vSwitchApache 2.020072009Academia/Research (Stanford)$42100$2,000$1.3$1.26Public (via VMware)Acquired (VMW)M&A7/23/12SDN / Network Virtualization Open Corehttp://openvswitch.org/Martin CasadoBen PfaffNick McKeownScott Shenker
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OdooOdooLGPL v320052005Company project$1051,500$250$3.0PrivateIndependentBusiness ApplicationsOpen Corehttps://odoo-community.org/Fabien Pinckaers
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PentahoPentahoApache 2.020042004Company project$75670$100$1.0$0.50Public (via Hitachi)Acquired (Hitachi)M&A6/4/15BI/ETLOpen CoreNoJames DixonDoug MoranMarc BatchelorRichard Daley
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Pivotal (Now VMware Tanzu)
CloudFoundryApache 2.020132009Company project (VMware)$1,7002,400$800$3.5$4.00PublicAcquired (VMW)IPO4/20/18PaaS / Hadoop / SpringOpen Corehttps://www.cloudfoundry.org/foundation/Paul MaritzRob MeeScott YaraBill Cook
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Puppet LabsPuppetApache 2.020052005Company project$190510$150$2.5PrivateIndependentConfiguration ManagementOpen CoreNoLuke Kanies
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PostmanPostman RuntimeApache 2.020142016Company project$208560$200$5.0PrivateIndependentAPI ManagementOpen CoreNoAbhinav AsthanaAbhijit KaneAnkit Sobti
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RackspaceOpenStackApache 2.019982010Academia/Research (NASA)$7507,600$2,700$5.0$4.00PublicIndependentIPO8/4/20Cloud PlatformOpen Corehttps://www.openstack.org/foundation/Dirk ElmendorfRichard YooPat Condon
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Rapid7MetasploitBSD-320002003Personal project$892,100$400$3.7$0.90IPOIPOIPO7/22/15SecurityOpen CoreNoTas GiakouminakisAlan MatthewsChad Loder
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Red HatLinuxGPL v219931991Personal project$517,000$4,500$34.5$34.00PublicAcquired (IBM)IPO + M&A8/11/99
OS, Middleware, Infrastructure Software
Support Subscriptionshttps://www.linuxfoundation.org/Bob YoungMarc Ewing
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Redis LabsRedisBSD-320112009Personal Project$555500$200$1.1PrivateIndependentDatabase Open CoreNoOfer BengalYiftach Shoolman
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SegmentAnalytics.jsA2.020112011Company project$284650$200$3.2$3.20Public (Twilio)Acquired (Twilio)M&A10/9/20Customer AnalyticsOpen CoreNoPeter ReinhardtIan Storm TaylorIlya VolodarskyCalvin French-Owen
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SourcefireSnortGPL v220011998Personal project$40600$500$3.0$2.70Public (via Cisco)Acquired (Cisco)M&A10/7/13Network Intrusion DetectionOpen CoreNoMartin Roesch
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SugarCRMSugarCRMPreviously A2.020042004Company project$146504$175$1.0PrivatePE (KKR)PE8/20/18CRMPreviously Open CoreNoJohn RobertsJacob TaylorClint Oram
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SUSELinux KernelGPL v219921991Personal project-1,780$500$10.0$2.50
Public (via Novell) + Private (MicroFocus/PE) + PE (EQT)
M&A11/4/03Operating System (Linux)Support Subscriptionshttps://www.linuxfoundation.org/Hubert MantelRoland DyroffThomas FehrBurchard Steinbild
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TalendTalend Data IntegrationApache 2.020052006Company project$1021,500$350$2.5$2.50Private (via PE)
Independent (Thoma Bravo)
IPO7/28/16SOA/ETL/AI/MiddlewareOpen CoreNoBertrand DiardFabrice Bonan
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Treasure DataFluentdApache 2.020112011Company project$54400$200$1.5$0.70PrivateAcquired (Arm)8/2/18Log Data PlatformOpen Corehttps://www.fluentd.org/blog/fluentd-has-joined-cncfHiroKazuki Ohta
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VA Linux (Geeknet)LinuxGPL v219931991Personal project$30300$120$0.2$0.15PrivateAcquiredIPO12/9/99Computer SystemsHardware SalesNo, pre-LFLarry Augustin
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WP EngineWordpressGPL v220102003Personal project$291950$220$1.0PrivateIndependentContent Management SystemOpen Corehttps://wordpressfoundation.org/Jason CohenCullen WilsonBen Metcalfe
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$14,27775,295$23,695$241.5$79.34
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