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Abstract Note
DateDate AddedPagesNum PagesIssueVolume
Number Of Volumes
Journal Abbreviation
Short TitleSeries
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2GY9VEB8
book2019Vandrick, StephanieGrowing up with God and empire: a postcolonial analysis of "missionary kid" memoirs978-1-78892-232-6 978-1-78892-231-9
"This book analyzes the memoirs of 42 'missionary kids' - the children of North American Protestant missionaries in countries all over the world during the 20th century. It explores ways in which the missionary enterprise was part of the Western colonial enterprise, and ways in which a colonial mindset is unconsciously manifested in these memoirs"--
2019
29.01.19 12:42
Growing up with God and empire
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1055566747
3
LYDTGFGJ
thesis2018Lukač, MoranaGrassroots prescriptivism2018
29.01.19 12:42
With summary in Dutch.
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1082192410
4
PKZJZ83E
book2018ABDICATION OF THE SOVEREIGN SELF: the psycholinguistics of invalid synthetic ... propositions.978-1-5275-1642-72018
29.01.19 12:49
ABDICATION OF THE SOVEREIGN SELF
CAMBRIDGE SCHOLARS PUBLIS
Place of publication not identified
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1055681443
5
S89AJFPL
book2018
CIARDELLI, IVANO. GROENENDIJK, JEROEN. ROELOFSEN, FLORIS
INQUISITIVE SEMANTICS.978-0-19-881479-5 978-0-19-881478-8
This book presents a new logical framework to capture the meaning of sentences in conversation. The traditional approach equates meaning with truth-conditions: to know the meaning of a sentence is to know under which circumstances it is true. The reason for this is that linguistic and philosophical investigations are usually carried out in a logical framework that was originally designed to characterize valid argumentation. However, argumentation is neither the sole, nor the primary function of language. One task that language more widely and ordinarily fulfils is to enable the exchange of information between conversational participants. In the framework outlined in this volume, inquisitive semantics, information exchange is seen as a process of raising and resolving issues. Inquisitive semantics provides a new formal notion of meaning, which makes it possible to model various concepts that are crucial for the analysis of linguistic information exchange in a more refined and more principled way than has been possible in previous frameworks. Importantly, it also allows an integrated treatment of statements and questions. The first part of the book presents the framework in detail, while the second demonstrates its benefits in the semantic analysis of questions, coordination, modals, conditionals, and intonation. The book will be of interest to researchers and students from advanced undergraduate level upwards in the fields of semantics, pragmatics, philosophy of language, and logic.
2018
29.01.19 12:49
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
S.l.English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1028209808
6
KNQGW7LZ
book2018Williams, Thomas AEnglish language learners' socially constructed motives and interactional moves978-1-5275-0916-02018
29.01.19 12:49
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1031462891
7
SCPXKIHL
book2018López, Luis; González-Vilbazo, KayCode-switching: experimental answers to theoretical questions : in honor of Kay Gonzá́́́lez-Vilbazo978-90-272-6354-4http://proxy.cc.uic.edu/login?url=http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uic/detail.action?docID=55049452018
29.01.19 12:49
Code-switching
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1051778362
8
WL7M42AJ
book2019Martin, Chris WilliamThe social semiotics of tattoos: skin and self978-1-350-05647-3
"Why do people put indelible marks on their bodies in an era characterized by constant cultural change? How do tattoos as semiotic resources convey meaning? What goes on behind the scenes in a tattoo studio? How do people negotiate the informal career of tattoo artist? The Social Semiotics of Tattoos is a study of tattoos and tattooing at a time when the practice is more artistic, culturally relevant, and common than ever before. By discussing shifts within the practices of tattooing over the past several decades, Martin chronicles the cultural turn in which tattooists have become known as tattoo artists, the tattoo gun turns into the tattoo machine, and standardized tattoo designs are replaced by highly expressive and unique forms of communication with a language of its own. Revealing the full range of meaning-making involved in the visual, written and spoken elements of the act, this volume frames tattoos and tattooing as powerful cultural expressions, symbols, and indexes and by doing so sheds the last hints of tattooing as a deviant practice. Based on a year of full-time ethnographic study of a tattoo studio/art gallery as well as in-depth interviews with tattoo artists and enthusiasts, The Social Semiotics of Tattoos will be of interest to academic researchers of semiotics as well as tattoo industry professional and artists"--
2019
29.01.19 12:50
The social semiotics of tattoos
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1030971508
9
ZSSGFWBX
book2019International LAUD SymposiumExpanding the linguistic landscape: linguistic diversity, multimodality and the use of space as a semiotic resource978-1-78892-215-9 978-1-78892-214-22019
29.01.19 12:50
302
Expanding the linguistic landscape
Multilingual Matters
Bristol Blue Ridge Summit
eng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
Pütz, Martin; Mundt, Neele
10
T7AHRHFC
book2018Knowles, ElizabethAnd I quote...': a history of using other people 's words978-0-19-876675-9
Quotations are an essential part of the fabric of the language. In And I quote, Elizabeth Knowles draws on her experience editing the 'Oxford Dictionary of Quotations' and employs a wide repertoire of examples, ranging from the classical canon to contemporary popular culture, to illuminate just how and why we quote. 00Her investigation focuses on how we find, choose, and use quotations in 21st century English, but it also leads her back in time to follow the journeys taken by individual quotes, as their meaning changes subtly - and sometimes not so subtly - over the decades and in many cases the centuries. In following the often-surprising stories of individual quotations, we gain an understanding of how they establish themselves, and to what degree they can develop a life independent of their original coinage.00Everyone has their own quotations 'vocabulary', and each reader of the book will think of further items that they would use and wish to explore, but the journeys mapped here illuminate the many fascinating ways in which quotations have embedded themselves in the language, from the earliest dictionaries of quotations to the online world we experience today
2018
29.01.19 12:50
243
And I quote...'
Oxford University Press
Oxford New York
eng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
11
IYD9ACHE
book2018Conversation analysis and language alternation: capturing transitions in the classroom978-90-272-0140-9 978-90-272-6357-52018
29.01.19 12:50
263
Conversation analysis and language alternation
Pragmatics & beyond / New series
volume 295
John Benjamins Publishing Company
Amsterdam Philadelphia
eng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
OCLC: 1061137009
Filipi, Anna; Markee, Numa
12
7RITNVCR
book2018
Ouédraogo, Jean-Bernard; Diawara, Mamadou; Macamo, Elísio Salvado
Translation revisited: contesting the sense of African social realities978-1-5275-1413-3
How realistic is it to expect translation to render the world intelligible in a context shaped by different historical trajectories and experiences? Can we rely on human universals to translate through the unique and specific webs of meaning that languages represent? If knowledge production is a kind of translation, then it is fair to assume that the possibility of translation has largely rested on the idea that Western experience is the repository of these human universals against the background of which different human experiences can be rendered intelligible. The problem with this assumption, however, is that there are limits to Western claims to universalism, mainly because these claims were at the service of the desire to justify imperial expansion. This book addresses issues arising from these claims to universalism in the process of producing knowledge about diverse African social realities. It shows that the idea of knowledge production as translation can be usefully deployed to inquire into how knowledge of Africa translates into an imperial attempt at changing local norms, institutions and spiritual values. Translation, in this sense, is the normalization of meanings issuing from a local historical experience claiming to be universal. The task of producing knowledge of African social realities cannot be adequately addressed without a prior critical engagement with how translation has come to shape our ways of rendering Africa intelligible.
2018
29.01.19 12:51
Translation revisited
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1047582744
13
RUBEYJ9R
book2018Thompson, EllenA short introduction to the study of language978-1-78179-774-7
"A Short Introduction to the Study of Language provides an accessible and up-to-date invitation to key concepts of modern language study. Readers gain awareness of the scientific approach to language through examination of varied topics of current research interest. The book explores the following issues: How are young children, who have limited general cognitive capability, able to automatically pick up and use any language that is in their environment, quickly, easily and without effort? Do other animals have language - what about the complex communication systems of apes, bees and cephalods? What happens when an individual is raised in an environment in which they are not exposed to language? Are some languages simpler than others - do some languages lack grammar? Is English getting worse over time, and is there one "correct" way to speak English?"--
2018
29.01.19 12:51
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1051776938
14
NWTPAAAP
book2019Palmieri, CristianaIdentity trajectories of adult second language learners: learning Italian in Australia978-1-78892-219-7
"This book explores the motivations of adult second language learners in continuing education settings. It focuses on their learning trajectories and related dynamics of identity development and will be useful to language teachers and researchers interested in the role of affective elements in successful adult language learning"--
2019
29.01.19 12:52
Identity trajectories of adult second language learners
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1060180426
15
MN6BYTE6
book2018Variationslinguistik trifft Textlinguistik978-3-8233-8203-4 978-3-8233-9203-32018
29.01.19 12:52
335
Europäische Studien zur Textlinguistik
Band 19
Narr/Francke/Attempto
Tübingenger
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
Adamzik, Kirsten; Maselko, Mateusz
16
WAJMMI3I
book2018Choudhury, MrigankaTowards a pedagogical model for teaching English in an Indian context978-1-5275-0761-62018
29.01.19 12:52
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1022548545
17
BC77CL8Y
book2018Poirier, Éric; Gallego-Hernández, DanielBusiness and institutional translation: new insights and reflections978-1-5275-2142-1
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&db=nlabk&AN=1938113
The volume of economic, business, financial and institutional translation increases daily. Governments strive to produce plain and accessible information. Institutions and agencies operate in more than one language. Multinationals produce documents in multiple languages to expand their services worldwide, and large businesses and SMEs also have to adopt a multilingual approach for accessing new markets in new countries. Translation and interpreting training institutions are aware of the increasing need for training in this area. This awareness is evident in their curricula, which include subje.
2018
29.01.19 12:53
Business and institutional translation
8 English, 3 French, and 3 Spanish contributions.
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1066248065
18
E2YHDU6R
book2018Keywords for today: a 21st century vocabulary: the keywords project978-0-19-063657-9 978-0-19-063658-62018
29.01.19 12:53
395
Keywords for today
Oxford University Press
New York, NY
eng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
MacCabe, Colin; Yanacek, Holly
19
W9M493N3
book2018STEDE, MANFREDARGUMENTATION MINING.978-1-68173-459-0 978-1-68173-461-32018
29.01.19 12:54
MORGAN & CLAYPOOL
S.l.English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1080546790
20
W9EQ5XTK
book2018Dimroth, Christine; Sudhoff, StefanThe grammatical realization of polarity contrast: theoretical, empirical, and typological approaches978-90-272-0166-9
"The polarity of a sentence is crucial for its meaning. It is thus hardly surprising that languages have developed devices to highlight this meaning component and to contrast statements with negative and positive polarity in discourse. Research on this issue has started from languages like German and Dutch, where prosody and assertive particles are systematically associated with polarity contrast. Recently, the grammatical realization of polarity contrast has been at the center of investigations in a range of other languages as well. Core questions concern the formal repertoire and the exact meaning contribution of the relevant devices, the kind of contrast they evoke, and their relation to information structure and sentence mood. This volume brings together researchers from a theoretical, an empirical, and a typological orientation and enhances our understanding of polarity with the help of in-depth analyses and cross-linguistic comparisons dealing with the syntactic, semantic, pragmatic and/or prosodic aspects of the phenomenon"...
2018
29.01.19 12:55
The grammatical realization of polarity contrast
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1080951167
21
AIFFE5KI
book2018Velázquez, IsabelHousehold Perspectives on Minority Language Maintenance and Loss: Language in the Small Spaces.978-1-78892-228-9
http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=5584377
This book examines minority language maintenance and loss in Spanish-speaking families in communities in the US with a low ethnolinguistic vitality for Spanish. It offers an account of the gendered nature of linguistic transmission and compares the self-perceptions, motivations and attitudes of members of two generations in the same household.
2018
29.01.19 12:55
Household Perspectives on Minority Language Maintenance and Loss
Channel View Publications
BristolEnglish
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1066196833
22
924JHV6W
book2019The Oxford handbook of lying978-0-19-873657-82019
29.01.19 12:55
660
Oxford handbooks in linguistics
Oxford University Press
Oxford New York, NY
eng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
Meibauer, Jörg
23
Q6DEUCEG
book2018Egmond, Marjolein vanZipf's law in aphasic speech. An investigation of word frequency distributions.978-94-6093-298-4
Word frequencies in a text follow a curious pattern. A few of them appear extremely frequently, while by far most of them appear only once or twice. This pattern is considered a law of word frequencies, and better known as Zipf?s law. The existence of this law has been known for more than a century. And yet it is still largely covered in a veil of mystery.00This dissertation aims to somewhat lift that veil. It presents a thorough discussion of the hypotheses for the existence of Zipf?s law. It is shown how the values of the parameters of Zipf?s law vary depending on medium (written or spoken) and text length. These insights are then used to study Zipf?s law in different types of aphasic speech: in long samples from Dutch non-fluent aphasic speakers and in short samples from English, Greek and Hungarian fluent and non-fluent aphasic speakers. It is shown that aphasia influences the values of the parameters, as does the language under consideration. But in all cases, Zipf?s law continues to apply. This finding strengthens the hypothesis that the system for word retrieval in aphasia is still intact.
2018
29.01.19 12:56
LOT, Netherlands Graduate School
UtrechtEnglish
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1079857630
24
M4YYW7HR
book2018Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y.How gender shapes the world978-0-19-882615-6
This is a book about the multi-faceted notion of gender. Gender differences form the basis for family life, patterns of socialization, distribution of tasks, and spheres of responsibilities. The way gender is articulated shapes the world of individuals, and of the societies they live in. Gender has three faces: Linguistic Gender-the original sense of 'gender'-is a feature of many languages and reflects the division of nouns into grammatical classes or genders (feminine, masculine, neuter, and so on); Natural Gender, or sex, refers to the division of animates into males and females; and Social Gender reflects the social implications and norms of being a man or a woman (or perhaps something else). Women and men may talk and behave differently, depending on conventions within the societies they live in, and their role in language maintenance can also vary. The book focuses on how gender in its many guises is reflected in human languages, how it features in myths and metaphors, and the role it plays in human cognition. Examples are drawn from all over the world, with a special focus on Aikhenvald's extensive fieldwork in Amazonia and New Guinea
2018
29.01.19 12:56
271
Oxford University Press
Oxford New York, NY
eng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
25
8EHQJWFM
book2018Alexandropoulou, StavroulaOn the pragmatics of numeral modifiers. The availability and time-course of variation, ignorance and indifference inferences.978-94-6093-293-9
Languages have a quite large inventory of expressions to refer to an imprecise quantity such as n ? 4. In English, for instance, this quantity can be described by the expressions '4 or more', 'at least 4', 'more than 3', 'minimally 4', 'over 3', etc. Do these expressions actually convey the exact same meaning? No. Some of them, i.e., 'at least 4', '4 or more', 'minimally 4' (vs. 'more than 3', 'over 3'), have been found to additionally convey speaker ignorance effects and these effects are pragmatic in nature. This dissertation probes experimentally speaker ignorance effects as well as two other types of meaning, i.e., variation effects and speaker indifference effects, by looking at the off-line and the real-time comprehension of utterances with two distinct kinds of numeral modifiers, represented by 'at least' and 'more than'. The aim is to find out where one should draw the dividing line between the core meaning and the pragmatic meaning of each kind of modifiers, and how different these two are, with a main focus on their pragmatics.
2018
29.01.19 12:56
LOT, Netherlands Graduate School
UtrechtEnglish
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1079875856
26
79AW3HPF
book2018Strelluf, ChristopherSpeaking from the heartland: the Midland vowel system of Kansas City978-1-4780-0570-42018
29.01.19 12:57
206
Speaking from the heartland
Publication of the American Dialect Society
103
Duke University Press
Durhameng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
27
KL5GKEPG
book2018Brône, Geert; Oben, BertEye-tracking in interaction: studies on the role of eye gaze in dialogue978-90-272-6346-9http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&db=nlabk&AN=19187332018
29.01.19 12:57
Eye-tracking in interaction
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1057725780
28
6Q43GSHN
book2018
Biloa, Edmond; Meutem Kamtchueng, Lozzi Martial; Foualeng Die, Brice Joël
A comparative study of intensification in camfranglais and cameroon Pidgin english978-3-86288-898-62018
29.01.19 12:57
199
LINCOM studies in Pidgin & Cerole linguistics
18LINCOMMüncheneng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
29
BSJQCBKW
book2018Holes, CliveArabic historical dialectology: linguistic and sociolinguistic approaches978-0-19-870137-82018
29.01.19 12:57
Arabic historical dialectology
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1059441655
30
J7NB88JH
book2019Hajar, AnasInternational students' challenges, strategies and future vision: a socio-dynamic perspective978-1-78892-223-4
"This book represents one of the few empirical studies to capture an in-depth understanding of the study abroad experiences of newly-arrived international students in higher education. Particular attention is paid to their changing learning goals, underlying motivations and strategy uses during their attendance on both short and long academic programmes in a study abroad context" --
2019
29.01.19 12:58
International students' challenges, strategies and future vision
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1047527521
31
ZRQEL2Y2
book2018The Portuguese language continuum in Africa and Brazil978-90-272-0189-8
The Portuguese Language Continuum in Africa and Brazil' is the first publication in English to offer studies on a whole set of varieties of Portuguese in Africa as well as Brazilian Portuguese. Authored by specialists on varieties of Portuguese in Africa and Brazil, the eleven chapters and the epilogue promote a dialogue between researchers interested in their genesis, sociohistories and linguistic properties. Most chapters directly address the idea of a continuum of Portuguese derived from parallel sociohistorical and linguistic factors in Africa and Brazil, due to the colonial expansion of the language to new multilingual settings. The volume contributes to the understanding of structural properties that are often shared by several varieties in this continuum, and describes the various situations and domains of language use as well as sociocultural contexts where they have emerged and where they are being used
2018
29.01.19 12:58
314
Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone linguistics
20
John Benjamins
Amsterdameng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
Álvarez López, Laura; Gonçalves, Perpétua; Avelar, Juanito Ornelas de
32
NN9RLZVK
book2018Atypical demonstratives: syntax, semantics and pragmatics978-3-11-055791-62018
29.01.19 12:58
331
Atypical demonstratives
Linguistische Arbeiten
volume 568De Gruyter
Berlin Boston
eng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
OCLC: 1015349194
Coniglio, Marco; Murphy, Andrew; Schlachter, Eva; Veenstra, Tonjes
33
TN4HSF54
book2019Meskill, Carla; Anthony, NatashaTeaching children online: a conversation-based approach978-1-78892-201-2 978-1-78892-200-5
"What does best practice in online education look like? How can educators make use of the affordances offered by online environments to bring out the best in the children they teach? These questions are answered in this new textbook, written with experienced teachers, novice educators and teacher educators in mind"--
2019
29.01.19 12:58
Teaching children online
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1041543155
34
NKD246MP
book2018Formelhafte Sprache in Text und Diskurs978-3-11-060101-5 978-3-11-059926-8 978-3-11-060231-92018
29.01.19 12:58
378
Formelhafte Sprache / Formulaic Language
Band 2De Gruyter
Berlin Boston
ger
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
Stumpf, Sören; Filatkina, Natalia; EUROPHRAS
35
FHZSIEZ4
book2018Hoek, JetMaking sense of discourse. On discourse segmentation and the linguistic marking of coherence relations.978-94-6093-294-6
When people read or listen to a discourse, they will try to make sense of it. To fully understand a discourse, it is essential not only to know the meaning of each individual clause, but also to figure out how all clauses are related to each other. If all goes well, language users end up with an accurate representation of the discourse. An important aspect of building a mental representation of a discourse is inferring coherence relations between discourse segments. When inferring coherence relations, language users have to deduce whether two or more chunks of text constitute, for instance, a cause-consequence relation, a rule and an exception, alternatives, etc. Coherence relations can be explicitly marked by a connective (e.g., because, although) or a cue phrase (e.g., except for the fact that, by comparison), but this need not be the case; in many instances, coherence relations have to be established without the instructions connectives provide or, in the case of underspecified connectives, with only limited instructions.00This dissertation investigates both discourse segmentation and the linguistic marking of coherence relations. Using a combination of theoretical exploration, parallel corpus studies, and experimental methods, it provides new insights into how and why coherence relations are explicitly signaled and between which parts of a text people infer coherence relations.In addition, it contributes toward refining discourse segmentation and annotation guidelines, both of which are important methodological tools in the research of discourse coherence.0.
2018
29.01.19 12:59
LOT, Netherlands Graduate School
UtrechtEnglish
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1079870696
36
QA2LX6WC
book2018Liontas, John IThe TESOL encyclopedia of English language teachingnVolume 5,978-1-118-78422-82018
29.01.19 12:59
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1024121011
37
L4KJQEUY
book2018The Oxford handbook of endangered languages978-0-19-061002-9 978-0-19-061003-6 978-0-19-061004-3 978-0-19-087704-02018
29.01.19 12:59
946
Oxford handbooks
Oxford University Press
New York, NY
eng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
OCLC: 1022846816
Rehg, Kenneth L.; Campbell, Lyle
38
CIRIIDZK
book2019Inaba, MihoSecond language literacy practices and language learning outside the classroom978-1-78892-211-1
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&db=nlabk&AN=1934850
"This book presents a study of literacy practices and language use of students of Japanese outside of the classroom, both in class-related and voluntary activities. It discusses how values, motivations and types of activities differ between the two contexts and concludes that slight changes to teaching practices may enhance autonomous learning"--
2019
29.01.19 13:00
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1062422547
39
LY3NS62E
book2018
Grosjean, François; Byers-Heinlein, Krista; Antoniou, Mark; Grüter, Theres; Hartsuiker, Robert J; Peña, Elizabeth, D; Bedore, Lisa M; Shi, Lu-Feng
The listening bilingual: speech perception, comprehension, and bilingualism978-1-118-83577-7 978-1-118-83579-1
"A book such as this one on a specialized topic - the perception and comprehension of speech by bilinguals - needs to begin with a brief description of bilingual adults and children. Those who are interested in the topic may be familiar with speech perception and comprehension issues but might not know as much about bilingualism. They might also have a few misconceptions about what it means to be bilingual, both for the adult and the child. Many preconceived ideas surround bilingualism, such as that bilinguals have equal and perfect knowledge of their two or more languages, that they all acquired their languages as children, that they are competent translators, or that they do not have an accent in any of their languages. As concerns children, it was long believed that bilingualism would delay their language acquisition and create confusion, or that they would invariably mix their languages, or even that being bilingual would have negative effects on their development. The first aim of this chapter is to give a brief overview of bilingual adults and children and to lay the foundations for a better understanding of issues that relate to their perception and comprehension of speech"--
2018
29.01.19 13:00
The listening bilingual
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1044776116
40
IDE9JU3C
book2018
Specia, Lucia; Scarton, Carolina; Paetzold, Gustavo Henrique
Quality estimation for machine translation978-1-68173-374-6 978-1-68173-373-9
http://dx.doi.org/10.2200/S00854ED1V01Y201805HLT039
Many applications within natural language processing involve performing text-to-text transformations, i.e., given a text in natural language as input, systems are required to produce a version of this text (e.g., a translation), also in natural language, as output. Automatically evaluating the output of such systems is an important component in developing text-to-text applications. Two approaches have been proposed for this problem: (i) to compare the system outputs against one or more reference outputs using string matching-based evaluation metrics and (ii) to build models based on human feedback to predict the quality of system outputs without reference texts. Despite their popularity, reference-based evaluation metrics are faced with the challenge that multiple good (and bad) quality outputs can be produced by text-to-text approaches for the same input. This variation is very hard to capture, even with multiple reference texts. In addition, reference-based metrics cannot be used in production (e.g., online machine translation systems), when systems are expected to produce outputs for any unseen input. In this book, we focus on the second set of metrics, so-called Quality Estimation (QE) metrics, where the goal is to provide an estimate on how good or reliable the texts produced by an application are without access to gold-standard outputs. QE enables different types of evaluation that can target different types of users and applications. Machine learning techniques are used to build QE models with various types of quality labels and explicit features or learnt representations, which can then predict the quality of unseen system outputs. This book describes the topic of QE for text-to-text applications, covering quality labels, features, algorithms, evaluation, uses, and state-of-the-art approaches. It focuses on machine translation as application, since this represents most of the QE work done to date. It also briefly describes QE for several other applications, including text simplification, text summarization, grammatical error correction, and natural language generation.
2018
29.01.19 13:00
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1054357544
41
HRX6QTHX
book2018Grammaticalization from a typological perspective978-0-19-879584-12018
29.01.19 13:00
468
Oxford studies in diachronic and historical linguistics
31
Oxford University Press
Oxfordeng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
Narrog, Heiko; Heine, Bernd
42
8SKGWCFZ
book2019Genetti, Carol; Adelman, Allison Silver; Aĭkhenvalʹd, A. I︠U︡How languages work: an introduction to language and linguistics978-1-108-47014-8 978-1-108-45451-32019
29.01.19 13:00
How languages work
English
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1025399426
43
IBAPX7BZ
book2018Research methods in psycholinguistics and the neurobiology of language: a practical guide978-1-119-10984-6 978-1-119-10985-32018
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371
Research methods in psycholinguistics and the neurobiology of language
Guides to research methods in language and linguistics
9
Wiley Blackwell
Hoboken, NJ Oxford
eng
Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund ISBN
OCLC: 1012943633
Groot, Annette M. B. de; Hagoort, Peter
44
N3N996P5
book2018Juskan, MartenSound change, priming, salience.978-3-96110-119-1 978-3-96110-120-7
http://www.oapen.org/download?type=document&docid=1002620
This volume investigates the realisation and perception of four phonological variables in Liverpool English (Scouse), with a special focus on their sociolinguistic salience. Younger speakers' speech is found to be more local, but only for the two salient variables in the sample (NURSE-SQUARE and /k/ lenition), which appear to carry considerable amounts of covert prestige. Local variants of non-salient happy-tensing and velar nasal plus, on the other hand, are actually found to be receding, so at least to a certain extent Scouse also seems to be participating in regional dialect levelling. The importance of salience is also obvious in the perception data, with only the two highly salient stereotypes generating robust effects in a social priming experiment (albeit in the unexpected direction). These results indicate that the investigated variables differ measurably not only in their use in production, but also in terms of how central they are to mental sociolinguistic representations of Scouse. They also tell us more about the way we process, store, and (re-)use sociolinguistic variation in perception. By defining likely contexts for significant priming effects they might finally even help in coming up with a more elaborate "theory of priming" in the realm of sociophonetics.
2018
29.01.19 13:01
Language Science Press
BerlinEnglish.
Open WorldCat
OCLC: 1083006121
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