TEAM 3D Printing Comparison.xlsx
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Printing TechnologyPrinting FamilyMaterial TypeMaterial OptionsManufacturer Link, MaterialsGeneral Material Mechanical PropertiesMaterial Optical PropertiesMaterial ColorsBiocompatible?Layer ThicknessMaximum Part SizeStrengthsWeaknessesRelative Cost
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FDM - Fused Deposition ModelingMaterial Extrusion ThermoplasticPLA (Polylactic Acid)
ABS
ASA (Acrylonitirle Styrene Acrylate)
PC (Polycarbonate)
Nylon
PETG
HIPS
Particle-Filled
Flexible PLAs
https://www.3dhubs.com/knowledge-base/fdm-3d-printing-materials-compared
Rigid or Flexible (Mildly)Translucent
Opaque
Black
White
Translucent (Natural)
Other (Special Order)
Some 0.025-0.3mm
Standard = 0.2mm
12x12x24 inchesInexpensive, Relatively Sturdy Prints (Rigid, Higher Yield Strength than Polyjet or SLA)Some geometries may not be appropriate for this technique$
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Reinforced FDMMaterial Extrusion
>Composite Reinforced
Fiber-Reinforced Thermoplastic"Onyx" - Nylon + Chopped Carbon Fiber Composite
+optional HTHS Fiberglass/Fiberglass/Kevlar/Carbon Fiber filament reinforcement
https://markforged.com/materials/Very RigidOpaqueBlack onlyNone0.125mm when using fiber reinforcement
0.1mm, 0.125mm, or 0.2mm without fiber reinforcement
12.59x5.19x6.06 inchesVery Strong Parts - May be substitute for machined aluminum in some cases
Better resolution than basic FDM
Some geometries may not be appropriate for this technique$$$ - $$$$$*
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SLA - StereolithographyVat Photopolymerization
> Stereolithography
UV- Curing Photopolymer"Standard [Clear, Black, White]" - Rigid Opaque
"Grey Pro"
"Durable"
"Tough"
"Flexible"
"High-Temp"
"Dental SG"
https://formlabs.com/materials/
Rigid or FlexibleTransparent
Translucent
Opaque
White
Black
Blue
Transparent
Some - Dental SG, Dental LT0.025mm
0.05mm
0.1mm
5.7x5.7x6.9 inchesDelicate Geometry
Good Mechanical Properties
Good Resolution
No dedicated support structures require trimming/post-processing$$
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CLIP - Continuous Liquid Interface ProductionVat Photopolymerization
> Continuous Digital Light Processing
UV- Curing Photopolymer"SIL 30" - Silicone
"RPU 60/61/70" - Rigid Polyurethane
"FPU 50" - Flexible Polyurethane
"EPU 40/41" - Elastic Polyurethane
"CE 220/221" - Cyanate Ester
"EPX 81" - Epoxy
"UMA 90" - Urethane Methacrylate
"Whip Mix" - Dental/Surgical
https://www.carbon3d.com/materials/RigidTransparent
Translucent
Opaque
Some - Dental"Standard"
"Fine"
"Super-Fine"
7.4x4.6x12.8 inchesExcellent Mechanical Properties (Generally Isotropic)
Very fast prints (potential for same-day turnaround)
Best feature resolution
Smooth surface finish
Post-Processing may take additional time (geometry, and material dependent)
Some geometries may not be appropriate for this technique (Bulky parts distort, warp, etc)
$$$ - $$$$$*
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Polyjet Material Jetting
> Material Jetting
UV-Curing Photopolymer"VeroWhite" - Rigid Opaque
"Tango+" - Flexible Translucent
"TangoBlack" - Flexible Black
"MED610" - Biocompatible Rigid Clear
Vero: http://www.stratasys.com/materials/search/vero
Tango: http://www.stratasys.com/materials/search/tango
MED 610: http://www.stratasys.com/materials/search/biocompatible
Rigid and/or Flexible (multibody)Transparent
Translucent
Opaque
White, Translucent-Yellow, Blue/GraySome - MED61022 micron10x9.9x7.9 inchesVery Hi-Resolution Prints
Complicated Geometry
Printed Assemblies
Multiple Simultaneous Materials
Dedicated support structure
Very fast prints (potential for same-day turnaround)
Comparatively fragile prints
Delicate geometry may be damaged or destroyed in cleaning phase
$$$
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Notesmaterials in quotes are proprietary trade names*mechanical properties dependent on material selection*optical properties dependent on material selection*color options dependent on material selection*if biocompatibility is an important characteristic of your print, please speak to a TEAM staff member*layer thickness material dependent
**decreased layer thickness equates to increased print time (and therefore increased cost)
*may be reduced if support structures are necessary
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