Zymoseptoria tritici isolate collections map
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Collection IDDatePlaceCoordinatesCollected byNumber of isolatesCollection characteristicsGenetic markers appliedPhenotype dataPublications
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ST_CA_89April, 1989Davis, California. Plant pathology disease nursery experimental farm.38.5449° N 121.7405° WBruce McDonald's lab93Leaves collected using transect sampling from 8 locations in a single field. 7 field locations, 19 leaves, 35 lesions,Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs);

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements;

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) based on TAFE to generate electrophoretic karyotypes

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin
None1, 2, 3, 4, 12, 17, 20, 21
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ST_OR_90AMarch 6, 1990Corvallis, Oregon, Plant pathology disease nursery experimental farm.44.5646° N 123.2620° WBruce McDonald's lab154Random sampling of naturally infected leaves from within individual plots. 154 isolates total sampled from 154 leaves from 3 treatments, Stephens, OR8300081 (later released as the cultivar Gene), and a two-way mixture of these cultivars.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin
None4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 20, 21
4
ST_OR_90BMay 30, 1990Corvallis, Oregon, Plant pathology disease nursery experimental farm44.5646° N 123.2615° WBruce McDonald's lab574Random sampling from within naturally infected individual plots. 574 isolates total sampled from 574 leaves from 15 treatments consisting of wheat varieties Madsen, Stephens, Malcolm and OR8300081 in pure stand and in all possible 2-, 3-, and 4-way mixtures.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin, HPPD, STS43

CYP51 sequences

Sequences of PCWDEs b-xylosidase, cellulase, polygalacturonase
xylanase, cutinase

Intron presence/absence polymorphisms

Accessory chromosome polymorphisms

Illumina genome sequences for ~60 of these isolates, 30 from Madsenand 30 from Stephens, were obtained as part of the QST population analyses.
For the 60 isolates used in theQST population analyses:
Growth rates at two temperatures (thermal adaptation); virulence on two spring wheat cultivars; sensitivity to the azole fungicide cyproconazole
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 33, 36, 38, 41, 45, 47
5
ST_OR_911991, early, middle, late-seasonCorvallis, Oregon, Plant pathology disease nursery experimental farm44.5641° N 123.2620° WBruce McDonald's lab133Second year collections from replicated cultivar mixture experiment. Random sampling from within individual plots of wheat varieties Madsen, Stephens, Malcolm and OR8300081.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin
None5, 12, 15, 17, 20, 21
6
ST_OR_92March 25, 1992Corvallis, Oregon, Plant pathology disease nursery experimental farm44.5651° N 123.2620° WBruce McDonald's lab58Third year collection from replicated cultivar mixture experiment. Random sampling from within individual plots, mostly lower leaves. Collected only from replication 1A (one block in field).Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin
None5, 12, 15, 17, 20, 21
7
ST_OR_951995, early, middle, late seasonCorvallis, Oregon, Plant pathology disease nursery experimental farm44.5646° N 123.2625° WBruce McDonald's lab1410Field experiment to measure competition among 10 strains (M1-M5 and S1-S5) on resistant and susceptible varieties of wheat. Also established relative contributions of sexual and asexual reproduction and immigration into fields.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements
None13, 14, 15, 16, 27
8
ST_ISR_92March and April 1992Nahal Oz, Israel31.4727° N 34.4977° EBruce McDonald's lab200Several cultivars, including Bet Hashita, Ariel, Bethlehem, Attir. Transect sampling. First evidence for origin in Fertile Crescent.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin, HPPD, STS43

CYP51 sequences

Sequences of PCWDEs b-xylosidase, cellulase, polygalacturonase
xylanase, cutinase

Intron presence/absence polymorphisms

Accessory chromosome polymorphisms

Illumina genome sequences for 30 of these isolates were obtained as part of the QST population analyses.
For the 30 isolates used in the QST population analyses:
Growth rates at two temperatures (thermal adaptation); virulence on two spring wheat cultivars; sensitivity to the azole fungicide cyproconazole
12, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 34, 36, 38, 41, 45, 47
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ST_CAN_92August, 1992Rosthern, Canada52.6623° N 106.3318° WBruce McDonald's lab93Collected from three locations in Canada (Belbutte B, Saskatoon S, Rosthern S). CNB: 3 leaves, 3 lesions, 3 isolates; CNS: 7 locations, 25 leaves, 38 lesions, 38 isolates; CNR: 8 locations, 30 leaves, 46 lesions, 52 isolates.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin
None12, 17, 20, 21
10
ST_AUSE_92November, 1992Wagga Wagga, Australia35.1082° S 147.3598° EBruce McDonald's lab27Used standard 8 site sampling strategy from single field (reference 12). 7 locations in field, 13 leaves, 18 lesions,Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types
None17, 19, 23
11
ST_GER_92July 4, 1992Giessen, Germany50.5841° N 8.6784° EBruce McDonald's lab35Collected from one field in Germany using basic hierarchical sampling strategy. 8 field locations, 27 leaves, 46 lesions, 48 isolates (13 dead).Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin

CYP51 sequences

mtDNA haplotypes

8 SSR loci
None17, 20, 21, 28, 29, 34, 35
12
ST_UK_92_931992 and 1993Sonning and Jealott's Hill, United Kingdom51.4520° N 0.7516° WBruce McDonald's lab70Collected from several field sites in the same area, mostly from cultivar Riband, as part of a fungicide sensitivity screen. Collected along transects in each field according to standard sampling strategy, except more locations in each field were sampled.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin

CYP51 sequences

mtDNA haplotypes

8 SSR loci
None17, 20, 21, 28, 29, 34, 35
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ST_IND_93June 11, 1993Daviess County, Indiana, USA38.7020° N 87.1423° WBruce McDonald's lab31Collected from border rows of single field of cultivar Clark. Isolations were made from unordered set of leaves, numbered consecutively. 25 leaves, 30 lesions,Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types
None17
14
ST_MEX_93November 1993Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico19.5135° N 101.6092° WBruce McDonald's lab312Collected from many small plots in large, replicated breeder's trial. Each plot had unique number, but for convenience, isolates were grouped according to which nursery they originated from. Three leaves were sampled in each plot. 6 nurseries, 78 leaves, 165 lesions,Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin
None17, 20, 21
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ST_URU_93November, 1993Colonia, Uruguay34.2642° S 57.6107° WBruce McDonald's lab69Collected from two different varieties (Estanzuela Cardenal (E), LE 2187 (L)) in same field using recommended 8-spot hierarchical sampling scheme. E variety 14 leaves, 20 lesions, 44 isolates. L variety 9 leaves, 11 lesions, 17 isolates.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin
None17, 20, 21, 23
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ST_CHIL_94December, 1994INIA Quilamapu Experiment Station, Chillan, Chile36.5963° S, 72.0877° WBruce McDonald's lab25Collected from one field in Chile planted to several cultivars, Quelen, Idem, Lancero.Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, Actin, B-tubulin
None17, 20, 21
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ST_DEN_94June, 1994Abed Breeding Station, Sollested, Denmark54.8105° N, 11.2705° EBruce McDonald's lab123Collected from one field planted to Obelisk in Denmark. 16 locations, 98 leaves, 123 lesions,Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin

CYP51 sequences

mtDNA haplotypes
None17, 20, 28, 29
18
ST_MO_94April 14, 1994Bradford Farm, Colombia Missouri, USA38.9517° N, 92.3341° WBruce McDonald's lab37Collected from two different varieties (Hart, M12258) in same field using recommended 8-spot hierarchical sampling scheme. 37 leaves, 37 lesions,Mating typesNone17
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ST_TEX_94April 6, 1994Prosper Farm and McKinney field near Dallas, Texas33.2362° N, 96.8011° WBruce McDonald's lab85Prosper farm (P). 10 location in one field along two parallel transects. 44 leaves, 44 lesions, 52 isolates.
McKinney near TI plant (M). 8 locations in one field along two parallel transects
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin
None17, 18, 20, 21
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ST_UKR_95June 9, 1995Odessa, Ukraine46.4825° N, 30.7233° EBruce McDonald's lab1528 leaves received from one field, unorderedMating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin

CYP51 sequences
None17, 20, 21, 28
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ST_CH1_99May 28, 1999Lindau-Eschikon, Switzerland47.4497° N 8.6818° EBruce McDonald's lab61Collection made in farmer’s demonstration wheat field (variety Lono, moderately resistant, small lesions and hard to find) at Eschikon research station, Strickhof school farm, Switzerland. Collection was 8 site hierarchy (A-H), two parallel transects separated by 10 m, four sites along each transect separated by 10 m, 10 leaves per site (1-10), 80 leaves total.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

CYP51 sequences

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin, HPPD, STS43

Sequences of PCWDEs b-xylosidase, cellulase, polygalacturonase
xylanase, cutinase

8 SSR loci

Intron presence/absence polymorphisms

Accessory chromosome polymorphisms

Electrophoretic karyotypes with pulsed field gene electrophoresis

Illumina genome sequences for 30 of these isolates were obtained as part of the QST population analyses.

PacBio finished genome assemblies (1A5 and 1E4)
For the 30 isolates used in the QST population analyses:
Growth rates at two temperatures (thermal adaptation); virulence on two spring wheat cultivars; sensitivity to the azole fungicide cyproconazole
17, 22, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 41, 45, 47
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ST_CH2_99May 28, 1999Riet, Neftenbach, Switzerland47.5234655° N, 8.6901473° EBruce McDonald's lab60Collection made 28 May 1999 in farmer’s commercial wheat field (variety Galaxie, lots of disease uniformly distributed) at Riet, near Winterthur, Switzerland. Collection was 8 site hierarchy (A-H), two parallel transects separated by 10 m, four sites along each transect separated by 10 m, 10 leaves per site (1-10), 80 leaves total. B3c.2 means site B, leaf three, lesion c, isolate 2.
Total number leaves: 60
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types
None17
23
ST_CH3_99May 28, 1999Berg am Irchel, Switzerland47.5605041° N, 8.5837702° EBruce McDonald's lab62Collection made 28 May 1999 in farmer’s commercial wheat field (variety Galaxie, some disease patchy distribution) at Berga Irchel, near Winterthur, Switzerland. Collection was 8 site hierarchy (A-H), two parallel transects separated by 10 m, four sites along each transect separated by 10 m, 10 leaves per site (1-10), 80 leaves total. B3c.2 means site B, leaf three, lesion c, isolate 2.
Total number leaves: 62
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Accessory chromosome polymorphisms

Electrophoretic karyotypes with pulsed field gel electrophoresis

Illumina genome sequences for 5 of these isolates

PacBio finished genome assemblies (3D1 and 3D7)
For the 2 isolates used in the QTL mapping projects (3D1 and 3D7):
Growth rates at two temperatures (thermal adaptation); virulence on two spring wheat cultivars; sensitivity to the azole fungicide cyproconazole
17, 18 (CH 1), 37, 38
24
ST_CH5_99June 4, 1999Cugy, Switzerland46.5851° N, 6.6403° EBruce McDonald's lab42Collection made in commercial wheat field (unknown variety) near Cugy, canton Vaud, Switzerland. FL-3 or FL-4 leaves mainly. Zadoks code 50 (beginning of heading). Collection was 8 site hierarchy (A-H), two parallel transects separated by 10 m, four sites along each transect separated by 10 m, 10 leaves per site (1-10), 80 leaves total.NoneNone17 (collection 4)
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ST_CH6_99June 4, 1999St. Cierges, canton Vaud, Switzerland46.6899° N, 6.7349° EBruce McDonald's lab70Collection made in commercial wheat field (variety Tamaro). Zadoks code 50 (begin heading), collections mainly from leaves FL-3/FL-4. Lots of infection, farmer had sprayed crop with fungicide 3 days before we made collection. Collection was 8 site hierarchy (A-H), two parallel transects separated by 10 m, four sites along each transect separated by 10 m, 10 leaves per site (1-10), 80 leaves total.
Total number leaves: 51
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types
None17 (collection 5), 18 (CH 2)
26
ST_CH7_99June 4, 1999Payerne, canton Vaud, Switzerland46.8220° N, 6.9406° EBruce McDonald's lab70Collection made in commercial wheat field (unknown variety). Mainly FL-2 leaves sampled. Uniform infection, high level of disease. Collection was 8 site hierarchy (A-H), two parallel transects separated by 10 m, four sites along each transect separated by 10 m, 10 leaves per site (1-10), 80 leaves total.NoneNone17 (collection 6)
27
ST_CH8_99June 4, 1999Hubersdorf, canton Solothurn, Switzerland47.2433° N, 7.5885° EBruce McDonald's lab64Collection made 4 June 1999 in commercial wheat field (unknown variety). Zadoks scale 59. Sampled mainly FL-4. Little infection, small lesions, field mainly free of any disease, possibly fungicide treated? Are these isolates resistant to fungicides? Collection was one long transect, leaves collected at ~1 meter intervals along border of wheel track within field. Unordered leaves. ~60 leaves total.NoneNone17 (collection 7)
28
ST_CH9_99June 26, 1999Lindau-Eschikon, Switzerland47.4492° N 8.6813° EBruce McDonald's lab398Collection made 26 June 1999 from border plots of variety Runal in Eschikon. All infection was natural, but infection was not uniformly distributed. Collection was 8 site hierarchy (A-H), one long transect around perimeter of experiment. Each stop separated by at least 10 m. 10-13 leaves per site (1-13), 80 leaves total.
From some lesions, made “microtransect” to determine distribution of clones within lesions.
Total number leaves: 90
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types

Electrophoretic karyotypes with pulsed field gel electrophoresis

Illumina genome sequences for 2 of these isolates
None17 (collection 8), 18 (CH 3), 37, 38
29
ST_AUSW_91Various, 1978-1991Nannup, Australia33.9820° S, 115.7650° EBruce McDonald's lab37“Old” Australian collection includes isolates from all over West Australia collected between 1978-1991.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mitochondrial genome RFLP fingerprinting

Mating types
None19, 23
30
ST_AUSE_01October 2, 2001Wagga Wagga, Australia35.1087° S 147.3593° EBruce McDonald's lab160Standard 8-site field transects, 64 leaves per field, three fields (Tank, Mascot, Pad 17Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mating types

CYP51 sequences

Intron presence/absence polymorphisms

Accessory chromosome polymorphisms

Illumina genome sequences for 30 of these isolates were obtained as part of the QST population analyses.
For the 30 isolates used in the QST population analyses:
Growth rates at two temperatures (thermal adaptation); virulence on two spring wheat cultivars; sensitivity to the azole fungicide cyproconazole
22, 23, 24, 26, 28, 31, 33, 36, 38, 41, 45, 47
31
ST_IRAN1_012001Mehran, Iran33.1177° N, 46.1733° EBruce McDonald's lab184Random collection of 101 leavesRestriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mating types

Sequence loci STS2, STL10, Leu, Actin, B-tubulin, HPPD, STS43

Sequences of PCWDEs b-xylosidase, cellulase, polygalacturonase
xylanase, cutinase

Complete genome sequences of two strains
None23, 25, 30, 32, 34, 37
32
ST_IRAN2_012001Dezful, Iran32.3831° N, 48.4236° EBruce McDonald's lab180Random collection of 99 leavesRestriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mating types
None23
33
ST_ARG1_981998Los Hornos, Argentina34.9539° S, 57.9747° WBruce McDonald's lab63Collected from same field from different varieties at three different points in time (A, B, C) during season. Fresh seed was planted into the stubble of an old field. Unordered collection of leaves from each collection point.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mating types
None23
34
ST_ARG2_981998Balcarce, Argentina37.8464° S, 58.2555° WBruce McDonald's lab71Collected from eight different varieties in same field using recommended 9-spot hierarchical sampling scheme. Each site (A, B, etc) is a different variety. 40 leaves.Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mating types
None23
35
ST_ARG3_002000Barrow, Tres Arroyos, Argentina38.300° S
60.2333° W
Bruce McDonald's lab73Collected from eight different varieties in same field using recommended 7-spot hierarchical sampling scheme. Each site (A, B, etc) is a different bread wheat variety. 48 leaves, 73 lesions,Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mating types
None23
36
ST_ARG4_002000Barrow, Argentina38.3005° S
60.2338° W
Bruce McDonald's lab87Collected from two different durum wheat varieties in same field. Each site (1D and 2D) were different durum wheat varieties. 20 leaves, 30 lesions,Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mating types
None23
37
ST_ARG5_002000Los Hornos, Argentina34.9534° S, 57.9743° WBruce McDonald's lab40Collected from eight different varieties in same field using recommended 8-spot hierarchical sampling scheme. Each site (A, B, etc) is a different bread wheat variety, but variety names are unknown. 35 leaves, 40 lesions,Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)

RFLP fingerprinting with repetitive elements

Mating types
None23
38
ST_DEN1_05July 2005Ytteborg, 3 km from Hjem, Northern part of Jylland, Denmark56.4520° N, 9.3963° EBruce McDonald's lab10Random leaves from plots treated or not treated with fungicidesCYP51 sequencesNone28
39
ST_DEN2_05July 2005Torup, Northern part of Sealand, Denmark55.9827° N, 11.9406° EBruce McDonald's lab21Random leaves from a fieldCYP51 sequencesNone28
40
ST_GERQ_05July 2004Quarnbeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany54.2194° N, 9.6961° EBruce McDonald's lab86From naturally infected experimental plots treated with fungicidesCYP51 sequences

mtDNA haplotypes

Sequences of PCWDEs b-xylosidase, cellulase, polygalacturonase
xylanase, cutinase
None28, 29, 30
41
ST_GERD_05July 2004Dedelow, Uckermark, Germany53.1880° N, 13.8686° EBruce McDonald's lab82From naturally infected experimental plots treated with fungicidesCYP51 sequences

mtDNA haplotypes
None28, 29
42
ST_TUN_082008Five field sites in Tunisia, including Menzel Bourguiba, Bousselem, Jendouba, Bejà, Mateur36.7333° N, 9.1844° EBruce McDonald's lab218Random, 1 isolate per plant, most isolates were from durum wheatCYP51 sequences

mtDNA haplotypes

Mating types

G143A assay in cytb gene

11 SSR loci
Sensitivity to QoI and azole fungicides34
43
ST_CZE_112005 - 2011Nine field sites in total across a wide range of agroecologies in the Czech Republic49.3984° N, 15.5870° EBruce McDonald's lab192Transect sampling in each field, 30 leaves per field, 96 isolates from 2011 collectionsMating types

G143A assay in cytb gene

8 SSR loci
Sensitivity to QoI fungicides35
44
ST_3D1x3D7 QTL mapping cross2010Swiss strains from ST_CH3_99 population47.3777° N, 8.5487° EBruce McDonald's lab359Progeny of a cross of the two swiss strainsRADseq, ~17,000 SNPs

RNA-seq datasets for parents 3D1 and 3D7
Many quantitative traits, including melanization, growth rates at different temperatures (temperature sensitivity), fungicide sensitivity, virulence on two wheat cultivars, growth morphology39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 48, 49
45
ST_1A5x1E4
QTL mapping cross
2010Swiss strains from ST_CH1_99 population47.3777° N, 8.5492° EBruce McDonald's lab341Progeny of a cross of the two swiss strainsRADseq, ~17,000 SNPs

Electrophoretic karyotypes with PFGE

RNA-seq datasets for parents 1A5 and 1E4
Many quantitative traits, including melanization, growth rates at different temperatures (temperature sensitivity), fungicide sensitivity, virulence on two wheat cultivars, growth morphology38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, 48, 49
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