|Timestamp||What type of GOVERNMENT does your African country have?||How do citizens of your African country live in COMMUNITY?||Describe the ECONOMY and INDUSTRIES of your African country.||Describe the CULTURE and GEOGRAPHY of your African country.||What are the HISTORY and HEROES of your African country?||What are the GLOBAL CONNECTIONS of your African country?||What are the SIZE and POPULATION of your African country?|
|3/4/2012 19:57:25||Guinea is a republic, which is a state where power is held by the people and the people they elect, and that has an elected president. The president is elected to be in office for 5 years. There is a transition government in place right now.|
Alpha Conde has been president since December 2010. Mohamed Said Fofana was appointed Prime Minister by Mr. Conde in December 2010.
Guinea became independent from France on Oct. 2, 1958.
Guinea is divided into 8 administrative regions and then sub-divided into 33 prefectures. A “prefecture” is a district. Conakry is the capital, largest city and economic center of the country.
|Guinea has one of the lowest numbers of people in the world who can read and write. About 10 years ago, it was estimated that only 29.5% of adults could read and write – more men than women.|
The school education is supposed to be for 8 years, but most of the kids do not even go to school or go for that many years. In 1999, only 40% of children in Guinea were going to school. But a lot of children, especially girls, stay home and help their parents with farming and household work.
Many people of Guinea suffer from a disease called HIV / AIDS. This disease started spreading there in 1986. HIV / AIDS is spread through blood and can kill you. HIV / AIDS has spread quickly in Guinea because there are a lot of refugees because a lot of people in the countries next to Guinea have HIV / AIDS and because that part of the world has a lot of trouble. Refugees are people who leave their home countries because something very bad has happened. For example, maybe their President said “people who are Christian should be killed.” Another example is earthquakes and hurricanes have ruined their land and they had to leave.
Like other West African countries, Guinea has a rich musical tradition. Music is one of the best cultural activities the country has to offer. The group Bembeya Jazz became popular in the 1960s after Guinean independence.
|Guinea is a poor country. The money is called the Guinean Franc. Right now, $7,100 Guinean Francs = $1 American dollar! |
For just 3,000 to 6,000 Guinean Francs (less than 1 American dollar), you can have a delicious restaurant meal, which usually includes Guinean style rice and one of the 4 main sauces with sometimes beef or fish.
The average amount of money Guineans make each year is $410 in American money. Almost half of the people there live below the poverty line. The poverty line for other countries is people living on less than $1.25 American each day.
But Guinea has a lot of valuable things in nature, including almost half of the world's bauxite. Bauxite is a rock that looks like clay and that is the main material of aluminum. Aluminum is used to make things like soda cans, cell phones, car parts and tin foil.
Guinea also has a lot of iron ore, gold and diamonds. But the country hasn’t been able to make money from any of this because the leaders and politicians have been liars and cheaters. They also have trouble accomplishing things in government. They’re a huge mess.
|There are 200 miles of seashore and a total land border of 2,100 miles. Its neighbors are the countries of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Senegal and Sierra Leone.|
The official language of Guinea is French. But there are 6 other ethnic languages.
Fruits are very inexpensive here. You can find people selling fruit very cheaply on the side of the road. Fruits like pineapples, mango fruits, oranges and bananas are easy to find like this.
Guineans are generally friendly people and often invite visitors into their homes to share a meal. This is a sign of respect for the visitor. Most Guineans eat together from one big dish.
Tap water is unsafe for drinking, so people should drink only bottled, unopened, water.
Most of the people there are of the Islamic religion. About 85% of the population is Muslim, 8% is Christian, and 7% hold traditional animist beliefs. Animism means when people believe things like plants and statues have souls.
There is a small Baha'i community. There are small numbers of Hindus, Buddhists, and traditional Chinese religious groups among the expatriate community. Expatriates are people from other countries.
Jews used to live in Guinea around the 1500s, but after the rise of Islam in North and West Africa these communities disappeared. Some of them were forced into slavery, some were forced to flee and some assimilated – which means they abandoned their Jewish religion because they did not want to be killed.
People of Guinea belong to 24 ethnic groups. The largest and most prominent groups are the Fula, Mandinka and Susu.
The rain water that falls on Guinea's mountains flow down to the Niger, the Gambia, and Senegal Rivers, AND all the rivers flowing to the sea on the west side of the range in Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast.
Sadly, there is a lot of fighting amongst rebel groups, warlords and youth gangs in neighboring countries. The fighting spills into Guinea and makes the country unsafe.
|The land that is now Guinea belonged to a series of African empires until France colonized it in the 1890s, and made it part of French West Africa. Guinea declared its independence from France on October 2, 1958. From independence until the presidential election of 2010, Guinea was governed by a number of autocratic rulers, which has helped make Guinea one of the poorest countries in the world. An “autocratic” ruler is one who has absolute power and who does not care about other people’s wishes. |
|Even though Guinea has a lot of problems, some countries are trying to help and even invest money there. Hyperdynamics Corporation, an American oil company, signed an agreement in 2006 to develop Guinea's offshore Senegal Basin oil deposits.|
In October 2009, the Guinean Mines Minister announced that the China International Fund would invest more than $7 billion in building ports, railway lines, power plants and low-cost housing. In return, he said the firm would be a partner in all mining projects in the nation. BUT, in September 2011, the NEW Guinean Mines Minister said that the government had changed its mind.
In 1986, The Carter Center and Sasakawa Africa began teaching Guinean farmers how to use new technologies to increase crop production. This has helped more than 8 million African farmers learn new farming techniques to double or triple grain production.
|Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea, has 10.8 million people. New Mexico has just over 2 million people, so Guinea has five times more people living in its land. |
Guinea has almost 94,981 square miles. Guinea is slightly smaller than the US state of Oregon and is even smaller than the state of New Mexico which has 121,412 square miles.
|3/4/2012 21:16:15||South Africa has a constitutional democracy with a bicameral parliament headed by a state president. The 3 seats of the government: legislative, administrative, and judicial are located in Cape Town, Pretoria, and Bloemfontein- this gives South Africa 3 capital cities.||South Africa has some of the most cultures and languages in the world. South Africa is called the rainbow nation. The tribe is the most important community in South Africa. The tribe is made up of the nuclear family and the extended family. There are also cities in South Africa very much like our own.|| Industries: mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair. |
Natural resources: gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas.
The South African money is called the Rand.
| some religions in South Africa are:Zion Christian, Pentecostal/Charismatic, Catholic, Methodist, Dutch Reformed, Anglican, other Christian, and|
Many different languages are spoken in South Africa because it is a country made up of many different cultures. Here is a familiar rhyme in both English and Afrikaans, one of the languages spoken in South Africa.
Tik-tik-tak, Tak-tak-tik, Tok! (Afrikaans)
Tik-tik-tak, tak-tak-tik, tok!
Die muis spring op die klok;
Die klok slaan een,
O waar nou heen,
Tik-tik-tak, tak-tak-tik, tok.
Hickory, Dickory, Dock (English)
Hickory, dickory, dock,
The mouse ran up the clock.
The clock struck one,
The mouse ran down.
Hickory, dickory, dock.
South Africa is slightly twice the size of Texas.
|Nelson Mandela was South Africa's president.Nelson Mandela was born in 1918. Nelson Mandela spent 27 years in prison. Nelson Mandela was a hero because he fought for civil rights. Nelson Mandela won the Noble Peace Prize because he fought for civil rights.||Some of South Africa's trading partners are Botswana, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Nigeria, and Zambia.||The size of South Africa is 1,219,912 square kilometers. The population of South Africa is 50,000,000 people. The USA is about 8.05 times larger than South Africa.|