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Anchor Standards
Standard CodeStandardsIA
MS8MAEE01000MS8-MA-EE.01.00.0Know and apply the properties of integer exponents to generate equivalent numerical expressions. (e.g., 32 × 3–5 = 3–3 = 1/33 = 1/27.Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAEE0200*0MS8-MA-EE.02.00*.0Use square root and cube root symbols to represent solutions to equations of the form x2 = p and x3 = p, where p is a positive rational number. Evaluate square roots of small perfect squares and cube roots of small perfect cubes. Know that √2 is irrational.Number Sense and Operations
MS8MAEE03000MS8-MA-EE.03.00.0Use numbers expressed in the form of a single digit times an integer power of 10 to estimate very large or very small quantities, and to express how many times as much one is than the other. (e.g., estimate the population of the United States as 3 × 108 and the population of the world as 7 × 109, and determine that the world population is more than 20 times larger.Number Sense & Operations / Data Analysis Probability & Statistics / Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAEE0400*0MS8-MA-EE.04.00*.0Perform operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation, including problems where both decimal and scientific notation are used. Use scientific notation and choose units of appropriate size for measurements of very large or very small quantities.Number Sense & Operations / Compute with Decimals
MS8MAEE05000MS8-MA-EE.05.00.0Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. (e.g., compare a distance-time graph to a distance-time equation to determine which of two moving objects has greater speed.Algebraic Manipulations
MS8MAEE06000MS8-MA-EE.06.00.0Use similar triangles to explain why the slope m is the same between any two distinct points on a non-vertical line in the coordinate plane; derive the equation y = mx for a line through the origin and the equation y = mx + b for a line intercepting the vertical axis at b.Geometry / Algebraic Patterns & Connections / Algebraic Manipulations
MS8MAEE0700*0MS8-MA-EE.07.00*.0Solve linear equations in one variable.Algebraic Patterns & Connections / Algebraic Manipulations
MS8MAEE07A0MS8-MA-EE.07.A.0Give examples of linear equations in one variable with one
solution, infinitely many solutions, or no solutions. Show which
of these possibilities is the case by successively transforming the
given equation into simpler forms, until an equivalent equation of
the form x = a, a = a, or a = b results (where a and b are different
Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAEE07B0MS8-MA-EE.07.B.0Solve linear equations with rational number coefficients, including
equations whose solutions require expanding expressions using
the distributive property and collecting like terms.
Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAEE08000MS8-MA-EE.08.00.0Analyze and solve pairs of simultaneous linear equations.Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAEE08A0MS8-MA-EE.08.A.0Understand that solutions to a system of two linear equations
in two variables correspond to points of intersection of their
graphs, because points of intersection satisfy both equations
Algebraic Patterns & Connections / Algebraic Manipulations
MS8MAEE08B0MS8-MA-EE.08.B.0Solve systems of two linear equations in two variables
algebraically, and estimate solutions by graphing the equations.
Solve simple cases by inspection. For example, 3x + 2y = 5 and 3x +
2y = 6 have no solution because 3x + 2y cannot simultaneously be 5
and 6.
Algebraic Manipulations
MS8MAEE08C0MS8-MA-EE.08.C.0Solve real-world and mathematical problems leading to two linear
equations in two variables. For example, given coordinates for two
pairs of points, determine whether the line through the first pair of
points intersects the line through the second pair.
Algebraic Manipulations
MS8MAF0100*0MS8-MA-F.01.00*.0Understand that a function is a rule that assigns to each input exactly one output. Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAF02000MS8-MA-F.02.00.0Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). (e.g., given a linear function represented by a table of values and a linear function represented by an algebraic expression, determine which function has the greater rate of change.Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAF0300*0MS8-MA-F.03.00*.0Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function, whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear. Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAF04000MS8-MA-F.04.00.0Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x, y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of a linear function in terms of the situation it models, and in terms of its graph or a table of values.Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAF05000MS8-MA-F.05.00.0Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally. Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAG01000MS8-MA-G.01.00.0Verify experimentally the properties of rotations, reflections, and
MS8MAG01A0MS8-MA-G.01.A.0Lines are taken to lines, and line segments to line segments of the
same length.
MS8MAG01B0MS8-MA-G.01.B.0Angles are taken to angles of the same measure.Geometry
MS8MAG01C0MS8-MA-G.01.C.0Parallel lines are taken to parallel lines.Geometry
MS8MAG0200*0MS8-MA-G.02.00*.0Understand that a two-dimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them.Geometry
MS8MAG03000MS8-MA-G.03.00.0Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on two-dimensional figures using coordinates.Geometry
MS8MAG04000MS8-MA-G.04.00.0Understand that a two-dimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar two-dimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them.Geometry
MS8MAG05000MS8-MA-G.05.00.0Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle sum and exterior angle of triangles, about the angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal, and the angle-angle criterion for similarity of triangles. (e.g., arrange three copies of the same triangle so that the sum of the three angles appears to form a line, and give an argument in terms of transversals why this is so.Not on IA
MS8MAG06000MS8-MA-G.06.00.0Explain a proof of the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse.Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAG0700*0MS8-MA-G.07.00*.0Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to determine unknown side lengths in right triangles in real-world and mathematical problems in two and three dimensions.Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAG08000MS8-MA-G.08.00.0Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to find the distance between two points in a coordinate system.Algebraic Patterns & Connections
MS8MAG0900*0MS8-MA-G.09.00*.0Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems.Geometry
MS8MANS0100*0MS8-MA-NS.01.00*.0Know that numbers that are not rational are called irrational. Understand informally that every number has a decimal expansion; for rational numbers show that the decimal expansion repeats eventually, and convert a decimal expansion which repeats eventually into a rational number.Number Sense & Operations / Compute with Decimals
MS8MANS02000MS8-MA-NS.02.00.0Use rational approximations of irrational numbers to compare the size of irrational numbers, locate them approximately on a number line diagram, and estimate the value of expressions (e.g., π2). (e.g., by truncating the decimal expansion of √2, show that √2 is between 1 and 2, then between 1.4 and 1.5, and explain how to continue on to get better approximations.Number Senese & Operations
MS8MASP01000MS8-MA-SP.01.00.0Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association.Data Analysis, Probability & Statistics
MS8MASP02000MS8-MA-SP.02.00.0Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line.Data Analysis, Probability & Statistics
MS8MASP03000MS8-MA-SP.03.00.0Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. (e.g., in a linear model for a biology experiment, interpret a slope of 1.5 cm/hr. as meaning that an additional hour of sunlight each day is associated with an additional 1.5 cm in mature plant height.Data Analysis, Probability & Statistics
MS8MASP04000MS8-MA-SP.04.00.0Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate categorical data by displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a two-way table. Construct and interpret a two-way table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects. Use relative frequencies calculated for rows or columns to describe possible association between the two variables. (e.g., collect data from students in your class on whether or not they have a curfew on school nights and whether or not they have assigned chores at home. Is there evidence that those who have a curfew also tend to have chores?Data Analysis, Probability & Statistics
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