GREATLAKES_spreadsheet
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ABCDEFGHI
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GREAT LAKESRegional Coverage and Objective(s)MeasurementsSampling frequencyMost Recent Activity Products and InformationCoordinating Agency/ProgramCommentsReference
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A. Lake Observing Networks
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I. Cruises
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Lake Michigan, Milwaukee-Muskegon Lake ExpresspCO2 (water and air); ozoneMay to October, multiple crossings per dayPI Harvey Bootsma, UW-Milwaukeesince 2006
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Lake Superior, Ranger from Houghton to Isle RoyalepCO2 (air only)April to October, several crossings per weekPI Noel Urban, Michigan Tech
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All Lakes, EPA bi-annual cruisepH, ALKOne spring (~April) and one Summer (~Aug), ~20 stations each lakeEPAGLENDA database has data, but when missing, need to submit request to EPAAtilla et al. (2010), in revision for L&O
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Environment Canadasediments. 20 days for 2011Every year. Much spatial coverage. All lakes.Intensive in 2011Environment CanadaDo they still average everything over top 50m?
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McAllister, AustinpCO2May. Sept 2010. East and West Austin moorings
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Sterner Lab, University of MinnesotaLake Superior C, N and P pools particulate and dissoved, primary production, nitrificaiton, measured since 1996.Varies by year, 1-~10 cruises per year mostly in summer with a few winter station occupationsOngoing. Overview paper is in review. Other publications available on request (see url listed to right). NSF, Sea Grant fundingMost sampling from western arm.http://www.tc.umn.edu/~stern007/
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II. Moorings
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Lake Superior - SAMI mooring in far western arm, June - Sept 2001pCO2, T30 minutesummer 2001Atilla et al. (2010), in revision for L&O
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Lake Michigan nearshore mooring, north of MilwaukeepCO2, O2, chlorophyll fluorescence, meteorology, T profile, ADCP, PARHourlySpring to fall, 2010Some data accessible via WaterBase web site: www.waterbase.glwi.uwm.edu
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Jay Austin, University of Minnesota Duluth is overseeing a network of moorings on Lake SuperiorLimited biogeochemistry
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Sterner lab recently deployed nitrate sensors in Lake Superior, some information relevant to primary production.Two depths.4/hrNSF funding
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GLOS
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III. Volunteer Observing Ships (VOS)Milwaukee - Muskegon transects are sampled from the Lake Express (high-speed ferry) (see Cruises, above)
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B. Coastal and land-based measurements of atmospheric fluxes
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WLEF Tower in Park Falls, WICO2,H2O eddy fluxHourlyJan 1997-presentFlux and meteorologyU Wisc / Penn StatePart of Ameriflux and ChEASDavis 2003
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WLEF Tower in Park Falls, WICO2,CH4,CO concentrations, 30,122,396 m10 minute (interpolated to 1 min)1995-presentAtmospehric continuous samples + flask samples for GHGNOAA/U WiscPart of NOAA ESRL tall tower networkBakwin 1998
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Ranger pCO2 observations (see above under cruises)
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C. River Observations
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Superior: USGS, Environment Canada,Ontario Water and Powerwinter gapsBennington 2010 (PhD at UW-Madison)
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Regular monitoring of Milwaukee River by Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage DistrictMost N and P species, T, cond., alk., COD, TDS, suspended solids, DOC
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D. Satellite Observations
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NOTE: Though imagery may be available, ALGORITHMS for CHL, other BGC parameters are not well-developed and validate poorly against in situ data. Ref (Li et al. 2004; Mouw and McKinley, 2010; Mouw et al. in prep)
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MODIS-AquaGlobal SST, Chl-adaily-annualJuly 2002-September 2008Information: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Giovanni interface: http://reason.gsfc.nasa.gov/Giovanni/NASA10% of GOM data can be used
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SeaWiFSGlobal Chl-adaily-annual1997-Information: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/SeaWiFS/ Giovanni interface: http://reason.gsfc.nasa.gov/Giovanni/NASA
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AquariusGlobal SSSplanned 2010-Information: http://aquarius.gsfc.nasa.gov/ NASA
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SeaWinds/QuikSCATGlobalWind speed, directionVarious temporal and spatial resolutions: http://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/DATA_CATALOG/quikscatinfo.html1999-http://winds.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/quikscat/index.cfmNASA
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AVHRRGlobalSSTVarious temporal and spatial resolutions: http://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/DATA_CATALOG/avhrrinfo.html1996-Gulf of Mexico multi-day merged data: http://fermi.jhuapl.edu/avhrr/gm/averages/index.htmlNOAA
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Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) North, Central, and South Americacoastal ocean biology and air qualityplanned 2013-2016http://geo-cape.larc.nasa.gov/index.htmlNASA
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E. Field experimentsNearshore zone of Lake Michigan in the Milwaukee regionBenthic fluxes of CO2 and O2. Dreissinid mussel respiration. Benthic algal photosynthesis.Approximately monthly.2009
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F. Lab experiments
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G. Process studies
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KITES (L. Superior, 1998-2000)optics, DOC, TSP, chl, meterology +others2000NSF/CoOP & NOAA/COPJGR 2004, vol. 109 special issue
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EEGLE (L. Michigan, 1997-2001)bacteria, chl, cond. currents, fluor., flux, metals, meteorl., microzoop., nutrients, optics, O2, PAH, PAR, particle size, PCB, pH, radionuclides, salinity, TSM, waver level, waves, temp, zoop.2001http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/eegle/NOAA GLERL & EPA GLENPOJGR 2004, vol. 109 special issue ; http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/eegle/products/pubs.html
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Primary production in Lake Superiorhttp://www.tc.umn.edu/~stern007/Sterner%20JGLR%202010%20LS%20in%20situ%20production%20in%20press.pdf
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N transformation studies in Lake Superiorhttp://www.tc.umn.edu/~stern007/Publications.htm
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