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Parties listed in rough order of Left to Right on the Political Spectrum
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Communist Party of GermanyThe LeftSocial Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)GreensFree-minded People's Party + Free-minded Union + German People's Party / Progressive People's PartyNational Liberal Party / Free Democratic Party (FDP)
(liberal)
CDU/CSU Christian Democratic Union parties)Centre PartyBavarian People's PartyAlternative for Germany (AFD) German Reich Party German Conservative Party (pre-WWI) / German National People's Party (DNVP)National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi Party)Other
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YearTurnoutGallagher IndexDays to form coalitionResultTotal seats Seats% votes% seats Seats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsSeats% votes% seatsTotal Seats Comments
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189876.1%10.78n.a. Imperial government; Centre = most seats397------------5627.2%14.1%------419.7%10.3%4812.9%12.1%------10218.8%25.7%------------224.35%5.5%5310.7%13.4%------7516.4%18.9%397A large number of parties managed to win seats prior to the 2019 reforms, many of these catering to particular ethnic or regional groups, including Alsace-Lorraine Parties (11) and Independent Polish (8); in 1898, the Social Reform Party won 10 seats.
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190376.1%9.44n.a. Imperial government; Centre = most seats397------------8131.7%20.4%------298.1%7.3%5013.7%12.6%------10019.8%25.2%------------213.54%5.3%529.5%13.1%------6413.7%16.1%397Other included Alsace-Lorraine Parties (11) and Independent Polish (8)
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190784.7%14.36n.a. Imperial government; Centre = most seats397------------4328.9%10.8%5010.7%12.6%5614.8%14.1%------10118.8%25.4%------------244.19%6.0%599.4%14.9%------6413.2%16.1%397Other included Alsace-Lorraine parties (11) and Independent Polish (10).
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191284.9%7.25n.a. With a majority, the SDP, the Centre and Progressives were able to vote against the imperial gov., but divisions gave relatively free rein to the gov. 397------------11034.8%27.7%------4111.9%10.3%4513.5%11.3%------9016.3%22.7%------------143.25%3.5%418.3%10.3%------5612.0%14.1%397Other = Independent Polish (10), Alsace-Lorraine parties (9), Agrarian League (5) and many others.
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PR Introduced under the Weimar Republic constitution of August 2019 (see Commentary)
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191983.0%2.71n.a. Coalition of SDP, the liberal German Democratic Party and Centre Party423------------16538.0%39.0%------------9423.0%22.2%------9119.7%21.5%------------4410.3%10.4%------299.1%6.9%423Despite PR, enlargement of the franchise led to a reduction in the number of small parties winning seats.
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192079.2%1.19n.a. Coalition with the leader of the Centre Party as chancellor45942.1%0.9%------10221.7%22.2%------------10422.2%22.7%------6413.6%13.9%204.2%4.4%------7115.1%15.5%------9421.1%20.5%459The large number of "other" seats in 1920 is accounted for principally by a short-lived splinter group of the SDP, the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany
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1924-05-0477.4%1.14n.a. Coalition with the leader of the Centre Party as chancellor4726212.6%13.1%------10020.5%21.2%------------7314.9%15.5%------6513.4%13.8%163.2%3.4%------9519.5%20.1%326.5%6.8%299.4%6.1%472
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1924-12-0778.8%0.81n.a. Coalition with the leader of the Centre Party as chancellor493459.0%9.1%------13126.0%26.6%------------7013.8%14.2%------6913.6%14.0%193.7%3.9%------10320.5%20.9%143.0%2.8%4210.4%8.5%493
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192875.6%1.54n.a. Grand coalition led by the SPD with the Centre Party and two liberal parties. Centre Party minority after the coalition collapsed in early 1930. 4915410.6%11.0%------15329.8%31.2%------------6913.5%14.1%------6112.1%12.4%173.1%3.5%------7314.2%14.9%122.6%2.4%5214.1%10.6%491
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1930-09-1482.2%0.87n.a. Minority gov. led by Centre party5777713.1%13.3%------14324.5%24.8%------------508.3%8.7%------6811.8%11.8%304.5%5.2%------417.2%7.1%10718.3%18.5%6112.3%10.6%577
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1932-07-3184.6%0.71n.a. Minority gov. led by Centre party6088914.3%14.6%------13321.6%21.9%------------112.2%1.8%------7512.4%12.3%223.2%3.6%------375.9%6.1%23037.3%37.8%225.3%3.6%608
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1932-11-0680.6%0.82n.a. Coalition of Nazis and German Dem. People's Party (DNVP)58410018.9%17.1%------12120.4%20.7%------------------------7011.9%12.0%203.1%3.4%------528.3%8.9%19633.1%33.6%254.2%4.3%584Last free and fair election before the Nazis seized power on Jan. 30, 1933
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1933-03-0588.7%0.81n.a. Coalition of Nazis and DNVP6478112.3%12.5%------12018.3%18.5%------------------------7311.3%11.3%192.7%2.9%------528.0%8.0%28843.9%44.5%143.6%2.2%647Election held 5 days after the Reichstad fire and preceded by a period of Nazi violence and terror, notably against the Communists, but also the democrats. Centre Party newspapers were shut down in February.
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1933-1195.3%n.a. n.a. Single list of Nazi party elected - all other parties banned661----------------------------------------------------------------66192.1%100.0%------
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193699.0%n.a. n.a. Single list of Nazi party elected by referendum741----------------------------------------------------------------74198.8%100.0%------
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193899.5%n.a. n.a. Single list of Nazi party elected by referendum813----------------------------------------------------------------81398.9%100.0%------8130
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194978.5%3.85n.a. Coalition of CDU/CSU, FPD and German Party402155.7%3.7%------13129.2%32.6%------------5211.9%12.9%13934.6%34.6%------------------------------6518.6%16.2402Six other parties won seats, having met the criterio of 5% of the vote in one state or at least one local seat. This included 15 seats for the coalition member German Party. 3 Independentsz were also elected.0
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195386.0%3.67n.a. Coalition of CDU/CSU, FPD and German Party50902.2%0.0%------16228.8%31.8%------------539.5%10.4%24945.2%48.9%------------------------------4514.3%8.8509Three Other parties won seats. 27 for the All-German Bloc/League of Expellees and Deprived of Rights, 15 for the German Party and 3 for the Centre Party0
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195787.8%4.69n.a. Majority CDU/CSU519------------18131.8%34.9%------------447.7%8.5%27750.2%53.4%------------------------------1710.3%3.3519The German Party won 17 seats with 3.4% of the vote0
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196187.7%3.43n.a. Coalition of CDU/CSU and FPD521------------20336.2%39.0%------------6712.8%12.9%25145.4%48.2%------------------------------05.6%0.05210
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196586.8%2.31n.a. Coalition of CDU/CSU and FPD until SPD replaced FDP in 1966 in a Grand Coalition518------------21739.3%41.9%------------509.5%9.7%25147.6%48.5%------------------------------03.6%0.05180
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196986.7%3.92n.a. Coalition SPD and FDP 518------------23742.7%45.8%------------315.8%6.0%25046.1%48.3%------------------------------05.4%0.05180
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197291.1%0.67n.a. Coalition SPD and FDP 518------------24245.8%46.7%------------428.4%8.1%23444.9%45.2%------------------------------00.9%0.05180
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197690.7%0.59n.a. Coalition SPD and FDP 518------------22442.6%43.2%------------407.9%7.7%25448.6%49.0%------------------------------00.9%0.05180
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198088.6%1.41n.a. Coalition SPD and FDP 519------------22842.9%43.9%01.5%0.0%------5410.6%10.4%23744.5%45.7%------------------------------00.5%0.05190
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198389.1%0.50n.a. Coalition of CDU/CSU and FPD520------------20238.2%38.8%285.6%5.4%------356.9%6.7%25548.8%49.0%------------------------------00.5%0.0520 0
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198784.3%0.76n.a. Coalition of CDU/CSU and FPD519------------19337.0%37.2%448.3%8.5%------489.1%9.2%23444.2%45.1%------------------------------01.4%0.0519Showing only West Germany up to here.0
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199077.8%4.63n.a. Coalition of CDU/CSU and FPD662------172.4%2.6%23933.5%36.1%85.0%1.2%------7911.0%11.9%31943.8%48.2%------------------------------04.3%0.0662First election following reunification0
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199479.0%2.22n.a. Coalition of CDU/CSU and FPD672------304.4%4.5%25236.4%37.5%497.3%7.3%------476.9%7.0%29441.5%43.8%------------------------------03.5%0.06720
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199882.2%3.15n.a. SPD -Green Coalition669------365.1%5.4%29840.9%44.5%476.7%7.0%------436.2%6.4%24535.2%36.6%------------------------------05.9%0.06690
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200279.1%4.61n.a. SPD -Green Coalition603------24.0%0.3%25138.5%41.6%558.6%9.1%------477.4%7.8%24838.5%41.1%------------------------------03.0%0.06030
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200577.7%2.1665Grand Coalition of CDU/CSU and SPD614------548.8%8.8%22236.2%36.2%518.3%8.3%------619.8%9.9%22636.8%36.8%------------------------------00.1%0.06140
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200970.8%3.400Coalition of CDU/CSU and FDP622------7611.9%12.2%14623.0%23.5%6810.7%10.9%------9314.6%15.0%23938.4%38.4%------------------------------01.4%0.06220
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201371.5%7.8356Grand Coalition of CDU/CSU and SPD631------648.6%10.1%19325.7%30.6%638.4%10.0%------04.8%0.0%31141.5%49.3%------------04.7%0.0%------------06.3%0.0631Note how FDP goes from 93 seats to 0 after just failing to make the threshold.0
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201776.2%1.95172Grand Coalition of CDU/CSU and SPD709------699.2%9.7%15320.5%21.6%678.9%9.4%------8010.7%11.3%24633.0%34.7%------------9412.6%13.3%------------05.1%0.07090
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202176.6%3.69Coalition SDP/Greens/FDP735------394.9%5.3%20625.7%28.0%11814.8%16.1%------9211.5%12.5%19624.1%26.7%------------8310.3%11.3%------------18.7%0.1735Interesting result for The Left, which did not make the 5% threshold but won 3 district seats, enough to ensure that the threshold did not apply.
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