Deadliest catastrophes
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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZAAAB
1
Atrocity / PandemicStart yearEnd yearCasualties (White)Casualties (Luke)Roser world population estimate at start year% of world population lostExplanations of Luke's casualty estimates
2
Atrocities (Matthew White)
3
Second World War 1939194866,000,00022834688642.9%
4
Chinggis Khan 1206122740,000,00037,500,000394097632.79.5%White's actual death toll estimate is 37,500,000, which he rounds off to 40 million "to avoid faking too much precision." I simply ignore White's rounding, since I do my own rounding ("to avoid faking too much precision") at the "% of world population lost" stage.
5
Mao Zedong 1949197640,000,00024739544921.6%
6
Famines in British India 1701199927,000,000605979000.74.5%Not used in my report since it is spread over more than 3 decades.
7
Fall of the Ming Dynasty 1635166225,000,000549328826.64.6%
8
Taiping Rebellion 1850186420,000,00012626820741.6%
9
Joseph Stalin 1928195320,000,00020205935921.0%
10
Mideast Slave Trade 601189918,500,000212724420.18.7%Not used in my report since it is spread over more than 3 decades.
11
Timur 1370140517,000,000385447912.74.4%Not used in my report since it is spread over more than 3 decades.
12
Atlantic Slave Trade 1452180716,000,000416697789.53.8%Not used in my report since it is spread over more than 3 decades.
13
Conquest of the Americas 1492189915,000,000452758582.43.3%Not used in my report since it is spread over more than 3 decades.
14
First World War 1914191815,000,00017879470890.8%
15
An Lushan Rebellion 75576313,000,000232803586.85.6%
16
Xin Dynasty 92410,000,000188833314.75.3%
17
Congo Free State 1885190810,000,00015147880970.7%
18
Russian Civil War 191819209,000,00018321961570.5%
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Thirty Years War 161816487,500,000553084418.81.4%
20
Fall of the Yuan Dynasty 134013707,500,000386842346.11.9%
21
Fall of the Western Roman Empire 3954557,000,000208749917.13.4%Not used in my report since it is spread over more than 3 decades.
22
Chinese Civil War 192719497,000,00019969509080.4%
23
Mahdi Revolt 188118985,500,00014824229250.4%
24
The Time of Troubles 159816135,000,000553599556.20.9%
25
Aurangzeb 165817074,600,000548928630.30.8%
26
Vietnam War 195919754,200,00029632160530.1%
27
The Three Kingdoms of China 1892804,100,000201703183.22.0%Not used in my report since it is spread over more than 3 decades.
28
Napoleonic Wars 179218154,000,000960453099.90.4%
29
Second Congo War 199820023,800,00059718828250.1%
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Gladiatorial Games -2644353,500,000168824621.12.1%Not used in my report since it is spread over more than 3 decades.
31
Hundred Years War 133714533,500,000387179965.40.9%
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Crusades 109512913,000,000349584201.80.9%
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French Wars of Religion 156215983,000,000531305594.90.6%
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Peter the Great 168217253,000,000566945576.70.5%
35
Korean War 195019533,000,00025251493120.1%
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North Korea 194820103,000,00024371832780.1%
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War in the Sudan 195520032,600,00027583145250.1%
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Expulsion of Germans from Eastern Europe
194519472,100,00023665930740.1%
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Fang La Rebellion 112011222,000,000363884506.90.5%
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Mengistu Haile 197419912,000,00039857337750.1%
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Democratic Kampuchea 197519791,670,00040613992280.0%
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Age of Warring States -475-2211,500,000152138061.11.0%
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Seven Years War 175617631,500,000838386482.60.2%
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Shaka 181818281,500,00010719223820.1%
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Bengali Genocide 197119711,500,00037577346680.0%
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Soviet-Afghan War 197919921,500,00043621895310.0%
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Aztec Human Sacrifice 144015211,200,000408353893.20.3%
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Qin Shi Huang Di -221-2101,000,000172172675.60.6%
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Roman Slave Wars -134-711,000,000178777398.70.6%
50
Mayan Collapse 7909091,000,000238424549.30.4%
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Albigensian Crusade 120812291,000,000394398599.40.3%
52
Panthay Rebellion 185518731,000,00012956467710.1%
53
Mexican Revolution 191019201,000,00017500000000.1%
54
Biafran War 196619701,000,00033906855230.0%
55
Rwandan Genocide 19941994937,00056533158930.0%
56
Burma-Siam Wars 15501605900,000519097620.20.2%
57
Hulagu’s Invasion 12551260800,000396665121.50.2%
58
Mozambican Civil War 19751992800,00040613992280.0%
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French Conquest of Algeria 18301847775,00011379912390.1%
60
Second Punic War -218-202770,000172404570.80.4%
61
Justinian 527565750,000210401875.50.4%
62
Italo-Ethiopian War 19351941750,00021972963920.0%
63
Gallic War -58-51700,000184275415.80.4%
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Chinese Conquest of Vietnam 14071428700,000391942232.40.2%
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War of the Spanish Succession 17011713700,000605979000.70.1%
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Iran-Iraq War 19801988700,00044396324650.0%
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American Civil War 18611865695,00013360873670.1%
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Hui Rebellion 18621873640,00013429427430.0%
69
Goguryeo-Sui Wars 598612600,000212485209.50.3%
70
Sino-Dzungar War 17551757600,000834422507.90.1%
71
Algerian War of Independence 19541962525,00027106777730.0%
72
Alexander the Great -336-325500,000163146853.30.3%
73
Bahmani-Vijayanagara War 13661366500,000385370379.60.1%
74
Russo-Tatar War 15701572500,000538416257.20.1%
75
War of the Austrian Succession 17401748500,000767975506.40.1%
76
Russo-Turkish War 18771878500,00014512811410.0%
77
Partition of India 19471947500,00024080243660.0%
78
Angolan Civil War 19751994500,00040613992280.0%
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Ugandan Bush War 19791986500,00043621895310.0%
80
Somalian Chaos 19912010500,00053983287530.0%
81
War of the Triple Alliance 18641870480,00013567672090.0%
82
Franco-Prussian War 18701871435,00013992786150.0%
83
First Punic War -264-241400,000168824621.10.2%
84
Third Mithridatic War -73-63400,000183215140.40.2%
85
Cromwell’s Invasion of Ireland 16491652400,000547776446.90.1%
86
Mexican War of Independence 18101821400,00010326977630.0%
87
Haitian Slave Revolt 17911803400,000957015945.40.0%
88
Greco-Turkish War 19191922400,00018454770110.0%
89
Indonesian Purge 19651966400,00033224951210.0%
90
French Indochina War 19451954393,00023665930740.0%
91
Great Turkish War 16821699384,000566945576.70.1%
92
Great Northern War 17001721370,000603167544.10.1%
93
Spanish Civil War 19361939365,00022211356540.0%
94
Postwar Vietnam 19751992365,00040613992280.0%
95
Cuban Revolution 18951898360,00016021571370.0%
96
Sanctions against Iraq 19902003350,00053096676990.0%
97
Roman-Jewish Wars 66135350,000192613932.20.2%
98
Second Persian War -480-479300,000151744780.70.2%
99
War of the Allies -91-88300,000181925740.80.2%
100
Crimean War 18541856300,00012890072390.0%
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Estimates
Explanation
World Population