The "Big Three" Matrix
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EBSCOPROQUESTGALE Matrix by Norman Buchwald. Maintained and edited by he and the CCL-EAR Committee.
Originally known for before having Web databasesPeriodicals and serials ordering services. Subscriptions to periodicals especially magazines and journals made through EBSCO.Microfilm service, focusing especially on disserations and periodicals (especially ones that would not characteristically be bound such as newspapers). . As things moved electronic, UMI, ProQuest’s former moniker, was especially key in providing print indices to its various microfilms and eventually command driven full-text databases (especially in business, thus competing with LexisNexis, Dialog, and Datastar as a key corporate resource, its most famous product of the time being ABI/Inform). a print reference company, pretty much the “king” of reference publishers (and often the most expensive) that included literary criticism multi-volume resources gathering excerpts from many published criticism, many statistics sources, directories and many multi-volume encyclopedias
Original Databases they Became Known ForAcademic Search (Elite or Premier), MasterFILE (Elite or Premier)ProQuest Research Library, ABI InformResource Centers (Literature Resource Center being its first most pronounced)
Acquisitions Through the YearsCINAHL, Sage Abstracts, ABC-CLIO periodical indices and databases, HW Wilson, Salem/Greyhouse Publishing, Learning Express (Learn-A-Test), NetLibrary, STACKS, front end default to FOLIO LSPChadwyck-Healy, Bowker, Softline ("Watches"), DIALOG, SIRS, Ebrary, Elibrary, Statistical Abstract of the United States, Alexander Street, Serials Solutions, SIPX, Ex-Libris (vendor of LSP, Alma/Primo), Innovative, Refworks, LibraryThing, SyndeticsRDS (included Contemporary Women's Issues), Infotrac, reference portions of MacMillan Library USA ((including Scribner's Reference, Thorndike Press, Schirmer, Twayne Publishers, and G. K. Hall), LitFinder (originally called Poem Finder), Questia, Chilton Library, Book Review Index. Gale which was part of Thomson Learning was bought by Cengage in 2007.
Exclusive arrangements-- Subject IndicesCINAHL, Sage Abstracts, ABC-CLIO (America: History and Life and Historical Abstracts), HW Wilson indices, RILM, Philosopher's Index, MLA BibliographyNew York Times Index, Wall Street Journal Index, Before EBSCO purchasd CINAHL, ProQuest had exclusive arrangements with them (in the 00's). ProQuest offers HAPI at additional cost with its PRISMA database.Not really (unless you count indices Gale still publishes usually in its Gale Directory Library)
Exclusive Arrangements--Publishers (Current, either as current issue or most current via embargo)As a platform for two publishers (of a more complete title list--much smaller in the aggregators)-- Wiley and Oxford University journals Did have ABC-CLIO reference books in their ebook subscriptions from 2011-2016 where the publisher then pulled almost all its content from aggregated subscriptions, Still have a good number of SAGE books in their ebook subscriptions. In its periodicals databases--Routeledge, Wiley-Blackwell, Wolters Kluwer, Oxford, Brill Academic Publishers, considerably more John WIley, considerably more Taylor & Francis-- Note: of Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell and Taylor-Francis, titles have stopped or have been removed through the years but still a great deal of current or embargoed titles exist in its products. Sometimes, titles may disappear from an Academic Search database and later re-appear in a subject-specific database although more often than not does not happen immediately (months if not years before title reappears in a subject database. Fairly recent example, Explicator was removed but later appears in full text in MLA International Bibliography with Full Text)Historically, Wiley (Books), McGraw-Hill (although a great chunk was pulled in 2014), Journals-- John Hopkins University (only one besides Project MUSE), Emerald (with the exception of its platform), Palgrave MacMillan, BMJ Publishing, Cambridge University Press (until December 2019, exclusive as EBSCO now offers Cambridge University journal packages)For the most part, Gale and its imprints (Scribner's, Twayne, Greenhaven, St. James, MacMillan, UXL, Twayne). Book Review Index. Some titles are offered for sale through EBSCO Ebooks. Gale does host third party publishers in its GVRL platform for purchase, but some do not work with Gale anymore such as McGraw Hill-- in its early days you could get Encyclopedia of Science and Technology)
Competition: ReferenceEBSCO's reference centers, Salem Press, HW Wilson (Current Biography)Chadwyck Healy has a reference component to each of its products, ProQuest has offered a reference version of its Ebook Central as a subscriptionGale IS Reference, for the most part, with the exception perhaps of its Infotrac (aka ONEFILE) periodical databases. All other products are "Resource Centers" or "In Context".
"Exclusive" Arrangements--Journals (based on "best of" lists for disciplines common in community colleges) For EBSCO, those in bold are what is currently in the statewide package. For all, JSTOR, Project MUSE and publisher's platforms do not count (i.e. if ProQuest has a title only Project MUSE and/or JSTOR also has, it's considered "exclusive"). To view list be sure to click inside cell and then use the scroll bar on the right to scroll down. Remember that Project MUSE subscriptions include perpetual access (whereas same titles are subscription only and can be pulled at any time through ProQuest)Harvard Business Review (in Business Source databases)
Academy of Management Journal (in Business Source Premier and above)
Academy of Management Review (in Business Source Premier and above)
Journal of Business Ethics (Business Cource Complete and above)
Review of Accounting Studies (1 year embargo in Business Source Complete and above)
Administrative Science Quarterly
Journal of Consumer Research

Current Anthropology (in SocIndex with Full Text and above)
Social Forces (with one year embargo)
Journal of Zoology (with one year embargo)
Criminology (with one year embargo in Criminal Justice Absracts with Full Text)
American Sociological Review (with one year embargo in SocIndex With Full Text)
Journal of Forensic Sciences (one year embargo in Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text)
Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (in Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text)
Black Scholar (18 months embargo)
Ethnic and Racial Studies (in SocIndex and Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text--18 months embargo)
Public Opinion Quarterly (in various subject themed databases but NOT Academic Search)
Human Communication Research (only in Communication and Mass Media Complete--one year embargo)
Child Development (with one year embargo)
Child Development Perspectives (with one year embargo)
American Journal of Education (in Education Research Complete with one year embargo)
Education Today (in Education Research Complete
New Directions for Community Colleges (with one year embargo)
Journal of Engineering Education (one year embargo)
Journal of Social Issues
Paris Review (in Humanities International Complete and writers' showcases in Poetry and Short Story Reference Center)
Agni (Humanities and literature themed databases)
American Literature (one year embargo in MLA Bibliography with Full Text)
Critical Inquiry (one year embargo in both of the Literary Reference Center databases)
Oxford Literary Review (in MLA International Bibliography with one year backfile)
Bilingual Review
Environmental Research (in Environment Complete)
First World War Studies
(18 month embargo)
Civil War History (but ProQuest's Black Studies Center also has)
Journal of American History
Labor History
(18 months embargo)
California History (but not after 2014)
Gender and History (one year embargo)
World Archaeology (18 months embargo)
Science-Fiction Studies (18 months embargo-- in literary and humanities databases)
Music Analysis (one year embargo)
Journal of Academic Librarianship
Journl of Philosophy (humanities databases--since 2015)
Science (in Academic Search Ultimate)
Philosophical Perspectives (one year embargo)
Philosophy of Science (one year embargo)
Journal of the History of Ideas
Philisophical Quarterly
(one year embargo)
Journal of Applied Philosophy (one year embargo)
Political Science Quarterly (six months embargo)
Political Studies
Social Science Quarterly
Real Estate Economics
(one year embargo)
The Appraisal Journal
Journal of Property Management
Leisure Sciences
(18 months embargo)
Journal of Church and State (One year embargo)
Journal of Religion and Popular Culture (Humanities International Complete--six months embargo)
Journal of Theological Studies (one year embargo),
Religion and Literature
Religious Studies Review (Humanities International Complete--one year embargo)
Cultural Studies (18 months embargo)
American Journal of Sociology (SocIndex with Full Text--one year embargo)
Social Forces (one year embargo)
Social Problems (Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text--one year embargo)
Exceptional Children
Journal of Special Education Leadership (Education Research Complete)
Teaching Exceptional Children (ProQuest stops at July 2017)
Contemporary Theatre Review (Humanities International Complete--18 months embargo)
Welding Journal (in Applied Sciences, Engineering databases and Science Full Text Select)
Welding International (Vocational Studies Complete--18 months embargo)
Differences (MLA International Bibliography with Full Text--one year embargo)
Feminist Media Studies (MLA International Bibliography with Full Text--18 months embargo)
Gender and History (one year embargo)
GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies (LGBT Life with Full Text--one year embargo)
Journal of Bisexuality (LGBT Life with Full Text--18 months embargo)
Journal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health (LGBT Life with Full Text--18 months embargo)
Journal of Gender Studeis (18 months embargo)
Journal of Homosexuality (SocIndex with Full Text, LGBT Life with Full Text--both have 18 months embargo)
Journal of Lesbian Studies (LGBT Life with Full Text--18 months embargo)
Journal of LGBT Youth (LGBT Life with Full Text--18 months embargo)
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (Many subject databases (Humanities, sociology, literature--one year embargo)
Women's History Review (Humanities themed dbs and History Ref. Center--18 months embargo)
Women's Studies in Communication (Communication and Mass Media Complete)
Amerasia Journal (Education Research Complete)
Asian Affairs (18 months embargo)
Asian Pacific American Law Journal
Hawaiian Journal of History
The Bilingual Review
Label Me Latina/o (MLA International Bibliography with Full Text)
Southwestern American Literature (Humanities and Literature Databases)
Western American Literature (Project MUSE title-- in Humanities and Literature databases)
Hispanic American Historical Review (one year embargo)
Journal of International Business (with one year embargo)
New England Journal of Medicine (with 3 months embargo)
Nature (1 year embargo)
Journal of Paleontology (1 year embargo)
Afro-Hispanic Review (it is in two EBSCO subject databases, but this one is in ProQuest Research Library and above)
Black Music Research Journal (not counting JSTOR or Project MUSE)
Community College Journal (it is in EBSCO but only Education Research Complete)
Journal of Applied Research in the Community College (with two months embargo)
College Composition and Communication
College English
Teaching English in the Two Year College (it is in EBSCO but only in MLA Bibliography with Full Text)
Poetry (in EBSCO but only Poetry and Short Story Reference Center)
American Quarterly (with one year embargo. In EBSCO, but only MLA Bibliography with Full Text)
Modern Fiction Studies (Project Muse title--one year embargo)
SubStance (Project MUSE title--with one year embargo--only in Humanities and Literary subject databases in EBSCO)
Diacritics (Project MUSE title-- with one year embargo)
Philosophy and Literature (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Postmodern Culture (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Studies in American Fiction (Project MUSE title-- one year embargo)
French Forum (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Drug Safety (one year embargo)
Journal of Economic History (one year embargo)
American Antiquity (one year embargo)
Journal of African History (one year embargo)
Modern Asian Studies (one year embargo)
Reviews in American History (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Library Trends (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Reference Services Review (one year embargo)
Portal (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
American Journal of Mathematics (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Journal for Nurse Practitioners (two months embargo)
Nursing Standard (70 days embargo)
Journal of Emergency Nursing (two months embargo)
Journal of the History of Philosophy--one year embargo)
Nature Physics (one year embargo)
American Political Science Review
Perspective on Politics (one year embargo)
Human Rights Quarterly (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Review of Politics (one year embargo)
Psychological Medicine
Real Estate Taxation
Journal of Property Investment and Finance
Journal of Leisure Research
Journal for the Study of Religion
Religious Studies (one year embargo)
Contexts (in Ethnic NewsWatch until August, 2018)
New Theatre Quarterly (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Shakespeare Quarterly (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Theatre Journal (Project MUSE title--one year embargo. In EBSCO's MLA International Bibliography only--1 yr embargo)
Journal of Women's History (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Journal of Asian American Studies (Project MUSE title--one year embargo)
Race and Social Problems (one year embargo)
Latino Studies
Journal of Latino/Latin American Studies (Also in EBSCO's SocIndex with Full Text and above, but it is in ProQuest Central)

uest Centrall)
Studies in American Indian Literatures (Project MUSE title--in many ProQuest databases--no embargo)
Enterpreneurship Theory and Practice (but ends in 2016 in the ONEFILE databases. After 2016 only in Sage),
Twentieth Century Literature (Current Issues. In ProQuest it is until 2018 with no embargo statement),
Journal of Religion and Film (although it is also public domain/freely accessible)
Columbia Journal of Gender and Law (also in GenderWatch in ProQuest and LGBT Life with Full Text in EBSCO but this one is in Academic OneFILE)
Chiricu Journal
Wicazo Sa Review (EBSCO has in Humanities databases only)
Exclusive Arrangements--MagazinesEBSCO has most "public library" reading room "staples" under exclusive arrangement: Archaeology, Architectural Digest, Architectural Record, Art in America, Bitch, California Job Journal, Computer World, Consumer Reports, Contemporary Sexuality, Discover, Dissent, Ebony, Forbes, Fortune, Health, History News, History Today, Hot Rod, Kiplinger’s Personal Finance, Learning Disability Today, Lesbian News, Macworld—Digital Edition, Money, Muscle and Fitness, Nation, National Nurse (from the California Nurses Association), New Republic, New Scientist, News from Native California, Parents, PC Magazine, People, Saturday Evening Post, Scientific American, Sports Illustrated, Sky and Telescope, Sierra, Science News, Science World, Time, Zoobooks. In Business Source Elite and above--Bloomberg Business Week and Entrepeneur. In literary subject databases only, Kenyon Review.Economist, Harper's, Community College Daily, Current History (six months embargo)Road and Track, Health Science (In EBSCO, only Consumer Health Complete and Science Reference Center)
Exclusive Arrangements--Newspapers (Those with asterisk are in Nexis Uni or Newsbank)AP Regional State Report, Denver Post*, Orange County Register*Wall Street Journal, Chicago Tribune family (including Los Angeles Times. LexisNexis has only 6 month rolling archive of such titles), Barron's, Chicago Tribune, Baltimore Sun, Los Angeles Daily News, East Bay Times*, Hartford Courant, Huffington Post, Mercury News*, Oakland Tribune, Philadelphia Tribune, Press Democrat, San Gabriel Valley Tribune*, Telegraph Herald*European Union News*, Las Vegas Sun*, Oxford Times*, Oxford Mail*
Archives Arte Publico Hispanic Historical Archives, Time, Life, Architectural Digest, Vanity Fair, EbonyVarious Alexander Street collections, Historical New York Times, Historical Los Angeles Times, 60 Minutes archive, News, Policy and Politics Archive, LGBT Magazine ArchiveArchives of Sexuality and Gender, Indigenous Peoples of North America and a whole horde of additional archives related to women's stuides, events in history, Chinese history, and much, much more
Full-Text Poems and Short StoriesPoetry and Short Story Reference Center (including exclusive arrangements with many literary magazines such as Paris Review and many small press publications)LION (more public domain)LITFinder (public domain, various poetry, short story, and drama collections)
Key Reference Databases and PlatformsSalem Press has a platform user can look at by section, reference centers have results also by section (instead of entire title). By contrast, any reference title in an Ebook subscription is retrieved from a search result and accessible only at title level. Reference Centers are similar to Gale's approach with a mixture of reference entries, book chapters and periodical articles.ProQuest's Chadwyck Healy databases often have a reference section that the user can limit just to those sources in their search. Search results are often grouped by type starting with the most prominent first (i.e. in Black Studies Center, the Schomberg essays are what appear first, then reference, then articles, etc.)Gale's In Context and Resource Centers historically would place its and its imprints' own reference resources on the front page with articles from periodicals being retrieved from searches. In time, more robust efforts have been made to lead students to both the reference and periodical materials rather than the periodical materials seeming to be "hidden." Unless you get perpetual Ebooks, third party publisher reference materials are characteristically not included in their databases.
Discovery Platforms and IssuesEDS is designed to be a platform that can be placed on top of the catalog, however with at least a couple of vendors' library catalogs/LSP's, EBSCO has not been successful with full integration (i.e. you can see the books and see they are checked out, but placing holds, or searching reserves may not work. EBSCO support, by itself, sometimes cannot find a solution. While EBSCO has attempted solutions to integrate EBSCO and library catalog accounts such as with WMS, not all systems "talk to each other" successfully). Does not include ProQuest indexing meaning some ProQuest databases' titles do not get "picked up." EDS boasts to have a "Master Index" on top of their metadata, which interestingly enough EBSCO items often appear on top of the list even with some relevance settings (Literature Resource Center being a sole exception for literary criticisms). EBSCO has historically withheld metadata from their competition and from ILS/LSP's alike. Only more recently they have begun offering and negotiating to share their metadata. EDS does have indexing of Infobase and Newsbank, and therefore really only has ProQuest as an exception as to what EDS is able to retrieve from an indexing standpoint. Offers two important add on services-- Cloud and Apps, which allows teams from EBSCO to help do many design and enhancement features you wouldn't have with regular LSP's where the institution itself would have to come up with solutions. Curriculum Builder which is relatively inexpensive (on top of your already EDS subscription) serves as reading list software component for Learning Management Systems (such as Canvas and Blackboard), including allowing a faculty member to search and discover new materials they may want to add to their reading lists for students.Has both Summon and PRIMO. At one point, ProQuest had announced they would discontinue Summon, but for now has rescinded that announcement. Both Summon and Primo do not have indexing from EBSCO, Infobase, Newsbank and other vendors. The indexing that is part of PMI includes many indexing options (a number not available in EDS), but some indexing that would've otherwise been premium have been dropped such as AGRICOLA and MLA Bibliography (the latter due to an exclusive contract made with EBSCO). Primo does its best to have targets of different databases, etc. through their community zone, however some vendors have not submitted their lists as frequently as they should (Films on Demand is ridiculously dated and on top of that no indexing to retrieve them. Only in November, were some profiles released and are not grouped via any collection). Sometimes oddities happen at least during "test" mode such as Wikipedia entries appearing even when turned off. Searching experience is fairly good although institutions would like efforts to better determine relevancy ranking with different databases/products appearing. More can be said especially about PRIMO as 110 community colleges will be having this as their front end to their LSP's starting in 2020. CDI which is supposed to combine features of Summon and Primo is supposed to be a vast improvement which currently is anticipated to be released some time in 2020. Hathi Trust links often come up and are broken (or say an institution has to have had something premium there) that it's best recommended to turn it off. Primo currently does not have the ability to "permalink" groups of databases or specialized searches at this time. Some customizing may have to be done via scripting by institutions, work from other vendors, or through coordination of cohorts (Primo VE is at least a vast improvement over Primo-- for example the ability to change labels for customized wordings throughout the Primo interface). Primo can support reading list software called Leganto, although that product is pricy (even with its unique copyright release functionalities).Gale does not have their own discovery system (they do have a Power Search for its own universe, but it's nothing close to even the "power" of most discovery systems :) ). So what's important with Gale is that it is timely in sharing its indexing and content. Right now, EDS seems to be ahead of the game of getting titles indexed and targeted but eventually EDS and Primo should be on "even footing." Gale needs to be more frequent in its updates, both for its regular Ebook list (ideally for Primo via the Community Zone), although EBSCO has offered loading new lists from the institution in their Holdings and being more timely at least with respect to "targets." In EDS, Gale ebooks (of the Gale Ebooks platform, i.e. GVRL) are not retrievable via title level (only entry level), unless you use the public domain Ebook Index and even then links often become broken.
Noteworthy Databases/ProductsAcademic Search, MasterFILE, Business Source (for Business Source, Premier or above to get the company and industry profiles), Communication and Mass Media Complete, SocIndex with Full Text, Education Research Complete, ArtSource, Current Biography (or part of Biography Reference Bank), Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text, PrepStep (formerly known as Learning Express), CINAHL Plus (with full text or complete), Dentistry and Oral Hygiene Source, Food Science Source, Hospitality and Tourism Complete, America: History and Life, Historical Abstracts with Full Text, International Bibliography of Theater and Dance with Full Text, LISTA, Poetry and Short Story Reference Center, Rehabilitation Reference Center, SportDiscus with Full Text, Vocational Studies Complete, Perpetual-- Arte Publico Hispanic Historical Archives, Time Archive, Life Archive, Flipster, Ebooks purchasable from ECMProQuest Central, Alexander Street Videos Online (AVON), Disability in the Modern World, ProQuest Research Library, ABI/Inform, SIRS Researcher, ProQuest Diversity Databases (Alt-PressWatch, Ethnic News Watch, Gender Watch), Black Studies Center, ProQuest Biology Journals, ProQuest Psychology Journals, ProQuest Nursing Journals, CultureGrams, PRISMA, U.S. Newstream (formerly ProQuest Newsstand), Research Companion (tutorials) ProQuest Historical Newspapers Perpetual: Historical New York Times, Historical Los Angeles Times, 60 Minutes archive, News, Policy and Politics Archive, LGBT Magazine Archive, and Perpetual or DDA options to get Ebooks through the Ebook Central platform.Subscription-- Opposing Viewpoints In Context, Literature Resource Center, Academic ONEFILE, Biography In Context, Twayne's Authors Online, Literature Criticism Online series, GREENR (other In Contexts or Resource Centers), Contemporary Women's Issues Perpetual--Gale Virtual Reference Library, Literature Digital Archive (perpetually owning what's in Literature Resource Center), Literature Criticism Online, Archives of Sexuality and Gender, Indigenous Peoples of North America archive
"Oddities"Label what's often magazines the more broad "Periodicals" in their databases which can be confusing for students, especially when they are asked specifically to find magazines, some of its reference and HW Wilson adapted databases do not do enough to clearly mark when a main record (that would have in its main record and to the left, links to books, journals, etc. on the person/topic), titles of sources are not indented or bold in their citations. Citation generator for APA is unable to do proper capitalization and uncapitalization. Full text limiter does not take into account images (such as the Art Museum Image Gallery database which would lead to zero results). After EBSCO had to drop the great majority of ABC-CLIO titles from their Ebook subscriptions, the growth of Nova Science titles is much striking. There are hundreds of public domain titles students would never use in EBSCO Ebook subscriptions. While it still has the largest counts of premium titles with them being subtracted, EBSCO has a significant number of public domain titles in their periodical databases. The Ebook subscriptions have a number of dated titles, which means sometimes titles deselected by the EAR Committee may still appear because it is in an EBSCO subscription. EBSCO's historical withholding of metadata to competitor's discovery systems has been contentious (even though EBSCO now is negotiating its inclusion). EBooks are available for puchase or DDA although interface of the Ebooks as they are viewed, is somewhat limited (compared to Gale). Faculty Select being a premium subscription, which is practically an "online bookstore" that makes profit from the additional premium DRM-free titles that faculty members would recommend for purchase. Why wouldn't such a platform be free?Of their peer-reviewed, ProQuest has over a hundred journals published by Nova Science, sometimes a magazine title is incorrectly marked as peer-reviewed (though much rarer than in Gale). Sometimes vendor claims may be a bit exaggerated. For example, claiming they have exclusive rights to New York Times is not true if Gale and LexisNexis (and some others) still have the title (EBSCO and NewsBank, two of its main competitors, don't). In their Ebooks subscription databases, there are publishers such as Nova Science and RiverPress. There are hundreds of public domain titles students would never use (including those from Floating Press). The Lippincott titles are dated editions. Search experience of their databases, in general, appears to contain articles that do not even come close to matching search term (whether variable or thesaurus-term based) although those tend to appear toward the bottom of the list if you search by relevance but becomes a big challenge when searching for most recent. EBooks are available for puchase or DDA although interface is somewhat limited (compared to Gale)There are a number of essays from the Opposing Viewpoints/CurrentControversies/AtIssue, etc. series that were in print that do not appear in Opposing Viewpoints In Context (including the matching pro/con essays for the specific topics at hand), A number of Gale and Gale imprint titles (most notably Greenhaven) are not 100% full text when you purchase them for Gale Virtual Reference Library, Gale has a number of archives that are not user friendly, though there are plans to have them in a similar redesigned format in the future (like Archives of Sexuality and Gender which IS a vast improvement). Gale calls a number of titles "Academic Journals" when in fact they are not peer-reviewed (in their various products). Gale has discontinued in print most of its biography series, most of its statistics reference, and Information Plus which may have an impact on their In Context/Resource Center databases. Gale's Infotrac indexing seems sometimes hidden. Gale needs to provide updates more frequently to Discovery systems. Compared to most vendors, sometimes the speed coming from Gale's servers is at a slower pace, which means sometimes certain pages take longer to load, search results to appear (especially through Power Search), and PDF documents to be successfully emailed.
Format Most Articles are inPDF (most often the only available in their subject journal periodical databases)Boast that great majority of their articles are available in both HTML and PDF formatsMost often Gale has PDF, HTML and audio access
EmbargoesEmbargoes range from 6 months to three years (18 months average), usually for the exclusive titlesSome embargoesIn the past, Gale boasted no embargoes at all, but would need to give a look of their newer, more enlarged version of Academic OneFILE
Products Especially good for community college studentsVocational Studies Complete, MasterFILE, CINAHL databases, Hospitality Complete, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source, maybe the new Wiley collection, Auto Repair Source, Prep Step, Read It!, Academic Search (Elite level if want a more direct balance of journals and magazines. The other Academic Searches or subject databases for courses that do require journal articles or more advanced reading when they come up).Career and Technical Education database, SIRS, ProQuest Diversity databases, ProQuest newspapers databases, Culture Grams, Proquest Research Library for a good balance of journals and magazines, ProQuest Central: Essentials and ProQuest Central for more advanced reading when needed.Gale in Context: College, Nursing Resource Center, ONEFILE databases, Literature Resource Center, Opposing Viewpoints: In Context
Subject Databases Are in Addition or Part of a Bigger Package?In Addition. A lot of EBSCO's contracts with publishers sometimes assign some titles only to a subject database and not to its Academic Search platform. Some business magazines may only be assigned to Business Source Elite and above. EBSCO does provide discounts for subject databases if you subscribe to their big Academic and/or MasterFILE, but it does mean even if you got the current largest periodicals database, Academic Search Ultimate, you still have to subscribe to more to get certain key titles in certain subjects.ProQuest includes almost all of its periodicals databases in its ProQuest Central database. There may be needs to subscribe to more (whether it's their archives, Alexander Street Press, etc.) although ProQuest even has a larger offer to engulf almost "everything." Some that are unique like SIRS (platform, etc.) may still need an additional subscription.With respect to periodicals, almost all are in its two big OneFILE databases (Academic, General). Reference books are obviously available only in their subject databases (with some overlap)-- and there are also ones only by purchase in Gale Ebooks (and in the case of third party publishers, only from there).
Any questions, corrections, needs for clarification, suggestions of new categories (characteristics)? Contact: Norman Buchwald nbuchwald "at" chabot college "dot" edu EAR Committee: