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ABCDEF
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Table 1. Working definitions of forms of exposure to violence used in this review
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Intimate partner violencea Self-reported experience of one or more acts of physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former partner since the age of 15 years.
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· Physical violence is defined as: being slapped or having something thrown at you that could hurt you, being pushed or shoved, being hit with a fist or something else that could hurt, being kicked, dragged or beaten up, being choked or burnt on purpose, and/or being threatened with, or actually, having a gun, knife or other weapon used on you.
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· Sexual violence is defined as: being physically forced to have sexual intercourse when you did not want to, having sexual intercourse because you were afraid of what your partner might do, and/or being forced to do something sexual that you found humiliating or degrading.c
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Severe intimate partner violence Is defined on the basis of the severity of the acts of physical violence: being beaten up, choked or burnt on purpose, and/or being threatened or having a weapon used against you is considered severe. Any sexual violence is also considered severe.
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Current intimate partner violence Self-reported experience of partner violence in the past year.
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Prior intimate partner violence Self-reported experience of partner violence before the past year.
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Non-partner sexual violence When aged 15 years or over experience of being forced to perform any sexual act that you did not want to by someone other than your husband/partner.
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Notes:
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a The definition of intimate partner varies between settings and includes formal partnerships, such as marriage, as well as informal partnerships, including dating relationships and unmarried sexual relationships. In some settings, intimate partners tend to be married, while in others more informal partnerships are more common. b The age of 15 years is set as the lower age range for partner violence and non-partner sexual violence. Intimate partner violence has only been measured for women who have reported being in a partnership, as they are the “at-risk” group. Therefore, for women between the ages of 15 and 18 years, only those who have been in a partnership, including dating relationships and marital relationships in settings where marriage occurs in this age group, could potentially report intimate partner violence. Young women in the age group 15–18 years experiencing non-partner sexual violence can also be considered, by some legal definitions, to have experienced child sexual abuse, as these are not mutually exclusive categories. c The definition of humiliating and degrading may vary across studies, depending on the regional and cultural setting.
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Source: WHO
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Definitions
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7
Countries included by WHO region
Age groups - Appendix
Prevalence - Appendix