Legislative open data standards
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DatasetRecommended standardURLNotesLegislature-specific formatsOther formatsUnused formatsDescription
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TranscriptsAkoma Ntoso for XML or Popolo for non-XML, reusing Schema.org, Dublin Core, BIBFRAME
http://www.akomantoso.org/
Akoma Ntoso is widely used for bills, but not for transcripts. For non-XML formats, no individual format encodes all the necessary information to support common use cases. Popolo reuses multiple formats to cover the use cases.Canada, Italy, UKPMLThe speeches made by members in legislatures and committees
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BillsAkoma Ntoso
http://www.akomantoso.org/
Widely usedBrazil, Canada, Czech Republic, Georgia, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, USASchema.org, Dublin Core, Open Civic DataPML, CornellThe legislative instruments passed by legislatures and committees
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Vote eventsPopolo
http://www.popoloproject.com/specs/vote-event.html
No other format encodes all the necessary information to support common use cases. As Popolo doesn't have the institutional support of other standards, I've added a sheet with an incomplete list of users, to show its diverse and international adoption.Brazil, Canada, Czech Republic, Georgia, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, USAAkoma Ntoso, Schema.orgPML, CornellEvents in which members cast votes (whether orally, electronically, by ballot, etc.)
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MembersPopolo, reusing Schema.org, Dublin Core, FOAF, ISA Person Core
http://www.popoloproject.com/specs/person.html
No individual format encodes all the necessary information to support common use cases. Popolo reuses multiple formats to cover the use cases.(Not investigated, as there are abundant non-legislature-specific formats)vCard, OpenSocial, OASIS Customer Information Quality, NIEM, LDAP, NEPOMUKPML, CornellThe legislature's members
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CommitteesW3C Organization Ontology (ORG), supplemented by Schema.org and Dublin Core
https://www.w3.org/TR/vocab-org/
Schema.org and Dublin Core are used to fill gaps in ORG. ORG should also be used to relate members to organizations, and to describe positions within organizations. The EU is developing a "Public Organization Core Vocabulary", based on W3C ORG.(Not investigated, as there are abundant non-legislature-specific formats)FOAF, vCard, OASIS Customer Information Quality, NIEM, LDAP, NEPOMUKPML, CornellThe legislature's committees and chambers
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Election events
https://github.com/popolo-project/popolo-spec/wiki/Miscellaneous-specifications#elections
See the URL for a list, but there is no international standard to recommend.Events to elect members of the legislature
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Election results
https://github.com/popolo-project/popolo-spec/wiki/Miscellaneous-specifications#elections
See the URL for a list, but there is no international standard to recommend.The results of each contest within an election
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Electoral candidatesThe candidates in an election
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Electoral districts(Not investigated, as there are abundant non-legislature-specific formats)Schema.org, GeoNames, FAO, GADM, GML, OGC GeoSPARQL, ISA Location Core, NeoGeoThe geographic areas represented by members
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BudgetFiscal Data Package
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Member's expenses
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Asset disclosuresDisclosures of assets held by members to assess conflict of interest
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Conflicts of interestAny other disclosures relating to conflict of interest
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Codes of ethics
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