What do you call mumps?
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NameDateMeaning
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EnglishMumpsModernOlde english to grimmace
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DutchBofModernFrom the onomatopoeia for the sound of an object hitting something (like the Enlish 'thud'), which results in a swelling.
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Englishepidemic parotitis<20th centuryEpidemic of parotitis (swelling of salivary gland)
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LatinRubula InfansChildhood swelling
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Englishangina maxilaroisOldLocalised pain in salivary glands
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English/Scottish the branks Pre 20th centuryFacial torture device
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FrenchLes Ourles pre 20th centuryHemmed? Couldnt find the origin and meaning of this word. But it is definitely not used anymore.
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FinnishsikotautiModern"pig disease"
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FinnishSian-tauti19th century, demotic(?)"pig's disease"
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Finnishpusutautimodern, demotic"kiss disease"
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FinnishparotiittiModern, medicineparotitis
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Portuguese papeira (common name in portugal) / caxumba (common name in brasil) or parotidite infecciosa (medical term)infectious inflammation of the parotid(?) glands
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PolishNagminne zapalenie przyusznic, medicinecommon inflammation of parotid glands
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Polishświnkademoticlittle pig
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italianparotite epidemicamodernEpidemic of parotitis (swelling of salivary gland)
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italianorecchioniold / folklicterally: "big ears", for swelling, which may sometimes move in upward and forward the lower part of the ear
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italiangattoniold / folklicterally: "big cats", because it can give to the patient's face a characteristic appearance that may look like a cat
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FrenchOreillonsmodernAlways plural. The corresponding adjective is "ourlien". Not sure what ourle/ourlien means. Oreillons comes from "oreilles" which means "ears".
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Frenchparotidite viralemodernMedical term of oreillons. Means "viral inflammation of the salivary gland (parodite)"
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Swahaliorielllonssee French
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GermanMumpsmodernsee english
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German Ziegenpeterfolk"she-goat Peter", meaning dumb person
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Portuguese (Brazil)Caxumbamodernapparently this word has an african root
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Japanese阿多福 (otafuku)pre-modern, modern: 流行性耳下腺炎 (Ryûkôsei jikasen-en)also used to depict a "moon-faced woman"
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Greekμαγουλάδεςmodernbig cheeks
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Arabicإلتهاب الغدة النكافيةInflammation of Parotid gland
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Hebrew(Hazeret) חזרתmodernswine face look
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TurkishKabakulakswollen ear
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Hindi (India)Galsuamodernswollen cheeks
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Marathi (India)Galgundamodernswollen cheeks
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SpanishPaperasmodern
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Spanish (Mexico)Parotiditis/paperasmodern
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RussianSvinkapig?
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Filipinobekebehind the ear
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Cebuanobayook
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Arabicحصبة9th-10th century (al-Razi)This is measles
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Marshalleseḷōpper mumps; tumor; swelling.
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Czechpříušnicemodern"by the ear" from the name/location of the swolen glands
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Croatianzaušnjacimodernthe same explantion as Czech, behind the ear
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