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Michael Hein
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The Constitutional Entrenchment Clauses Dataset
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Suggested Citation:Michael Hein (2018), The Constitutional Entrenchment Clauses Dataset. Göttingen: University of Göttingen. Available at: http://data.michaelhein.de, accessed [date].
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Please find a Google Spreadsheet Version at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/137O3J6G7OIEEOjIiUfYoMWx0w6gQTH9hgzqFstDpvHE/edit?usp=sharing.
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No.CountryEntry into forceName of the stateIn force untilGPAGCATPATCASPASCAany ECText of the entrenchment clause(s) (English translation if available)Relevant amendments to the entrenchment clause(s) (English translation if available)Notes
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1Abkhazia1994Republic of Abkhazia2015nonononononono-no
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2Afghanistan1923Afghanistan1931nonononononono-no
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3Afghanistan1964Afghanistan1977yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 8: The King shall be an Afghan National, a Muslim and a follower of the Hanafi doctrine.
Art. 118: The Constitution shall not be amended during a state of emergency.
Art. 120: Adherence to the basic principles of Islam, constitutional monarchy in accordance with the provisions of this constitution, and the values embodied in Article 8 shall not be subject to amendment. […]

Source: http://www.afghan-web.com/history/const/const1964.html, 2017/05/03.
no
11
4Afghanistan1977Republic of Afghanistan1978yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 86: In the event the President of the Republic dies or resigns, the presidential functions shall be entrusted temporarily to the President of the Meli Jirga. In such cases, the President of the Meli Jirga cannot be nominated as a candidate for election to the office of President. During the tenure of office by the President of the Meli Jirga as acting President of the Republic, this Constitution cannot be amended.
Art. 120: In a state of emergency the constitution shall not be amended.
Art. 121: The principle of adherence to the basic principles of islam, and the republican order, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, shall not be amended.

Source: http://www.afghan-web.com/history/const/const1976.html, 2017/05/03.
no
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5Afghanistan1987Republic of Afghanistan1992nonononoyesnoyesArt. 141: Amendments to the Constitution shall be made by the Loya Jirga. decision on introducing amendments to the Constitution shall be on the proposal of the President or proposal of one third and approval of two third of he members of the National Assembly. In this case, the President convenes the Loya Jirga. If the Loya Jirga finds the proposal qualified, it shall introduce the amendments in the Constitution, otherwise, it shall reject the proposal. Amendment of the Constitution in a state of emergency is not allowed.

Source: http://www.afghan-web.com/history/const/const1987.html, 2017/05/03.
no
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6Afghanistan2004Islamic Republic of Afghanistan2015yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 146: The Constitution shall not be amended during the state of emergency.
Art. 149: The principles of adherence to the tenets of the Holy religion of Islam as well as Islamic Republicanism shall not be amended. Amending fundamental rights of the people shall be permitted only to improve them. […]

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Afghanistan_2004.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
14
7Albania1914Principality of Albania1920nonononononono-no
15
8Albania1920Principality of Albania1925nonononononono-no
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9Albania1925Republic of Albania1928yesnononononoyesArt. 141: […] Die republikanische Staatsform darf in keiner Weise geändert werden.

Source: Schmidt-Neke, Michael (ed.): Die Verfassungen Albaniens. Mit einem Anhang: Die Verfassung der Republik Kosova von 1990. Wiesbaden 2009, pp. 124-138.
no
17
10Albania1928Kingdom of Albania1939yesyesnonononoyesArt. 1: Albanien ist ein demokratisches, parlamentarisches und erhebliches Königreich (Royaume).
Art. 2: Albanien ist unabhängig und unteilbar; seine territoriale Einheit ist unverletzlich und sein Boden unveräußerlich.
Art. 6: Tirana ist die Hauptstadt Albaniens.
Art. 8: Die gesetzgebende Gewalt wird gemeinsam vom König und vom Parlament, das aus einer Kammer besteht, ausgeübt.
Art. 50: König (Roi) der Albaner ist Seine Majestät ZOGU I. aus der berühmten abanischen Familie Zogu.
Art. 51: Das Erbe des Königsthrons steht dem ältesten Sohn des Königs zu; die Erbfolge lliegt von Generation zu Generation in der direkten mänlichen Linie.
Art. 52: Wenn der Thronfolger stirbt oder die Rechte der Thronfolge verliert, geht die Thronfolge auf seinen ältesten Sohn über. Wenn der Thronfolger stirbt oder die Rechte der Thronfolge verliert, ohne einen Sohn zu haben, geht die Thronfolge auf seinen nächstjüngsten Bruder über.
Art. 53: Falls kein Erbe des Königsthrons gemäß Artikel 51 und 52 existiert, wählt der König mit Zustimmung des Parlaments unter den männlichen Mitgliedern seines Hauses den Thronfolger aus. Wenn der König von diesem Recht keinen Gebrauch macht und die Thronfolge vakant bleibt, so wählt das Parlament selbst den Thronfolger unter den männlichen Mitgliedern des Königshauses aus. Falls kein Angehöriger dieses Hauses existiert oder die vorhandenen Personen aufgrund eines besonderen Parlamentsbeschlusses, der von zwei Dritteln seiner sämtlichen Mitglieder gefasst wurde, als unfähig zur Thronfolge angesehen werden, so wählt das Parlament den Thronerben unter den männlichen Nachkommen der Töchter oder der Schwestern des Königs, die albanischer Abstammung sein müssen. Wenn in den genannten Familien kein männliches Mitglied vorhanden ist, wählt das Parlament einen Thronfolger albanischer Abstimmung. Falls der Thron ohne Wahl eines Erben vakant wird, werden die Machtbefugnisse des Königs bis zur Lösung dieser Frage vom Ministerrat ausgeübt.
Art. 70: Der Königsthron von Albanien darf nicht mit dem Thron eines anderen Landes vereinigt werden.
Art. 224: […] Nur für die Artikel 1, 2, 6, 50, 51, 52 und 70 dieses Statuts darf eine Novellierung weder vorgeschlagen noch beschlossen werden.
Art. 226: Vorschläge nach Art. 224 werden im Grundsatz mit zwei Drittel der Stimmen der Anwesenden angenommen; in zweiter Lesung bedürfen sie aber der Stimmen von drei Vierteln aller Mitglieder des Parlaments.
Art. 227: Wenn mit Ausnahme der Art. 1, 2, 6, 50, 51, 52 und 70 Vorschläge über die Notwendigkeit einer vollständigen Revision des Statuts ober über eine Abänderung der Bestimmungen nach Art. 8 und 53 gemacht werden und wenn diese Vorschläge im Grundsatz mit drei Viertel aller Mitglieder der Kammer angenommen werden, so gilt das Parlament ohne weiteres als aufgelöst, und es finden gemäß Art. 35 dieses Statuts Neuwahlen zu einer Novellierungsersammlung statt, die aus der doppelten Zahl der Mitglieder des aufgelösten Parlaments besteht. Die Novellierungsversammlung tritt zehn Tage nch Abschluß der Wahlen zusammen und berät nur über die Punkte, die vom aufgelösten Parlament im Grundsatz angenommen wurden. Nach Abschluß dieser Aufgabe löst sich die Novellierungsversammlung ohne weiteres auf, und es finden Parlamentswahlen statt.

Source: Schmidt-Neke, Michael (ed.): Die Verfassungen Albaniens. Mit einem Anhang: Die Verfassung der Republik Kosova von 1990. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2009, pp. 139-161.
noThe constitution was restored 1943/44.
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11Albania1939Kingdom of Albania1943nonononononono-no
19
12Albania1946People's Republic of Albania1976nonononononono-no
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13Albania1976People's Socialist Republic of Albania1991nonononononono-uncertain
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14Albania1998Republic of Albania2015nonononoyesnoyesArt. 177: […]
(2) No amendment to the Constitution may take place when extraordinary measures are in effect.

Source: http://www.legislationline.org/documents/section/constitutions, 2017/05/03.
no
22
15Algeria1963Algeria1965nonononononono-no
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16Algeria1976People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria1989yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 194: No revision procedure shall be undertaken or pursued when the integrity of the national territory is encroached upon.
Art. 195: No bill on constitutional revision shall encroach on:
1) The republican form of the Government;
2) The religion of the State;
3) The socialist choice;
4) The fundamental human and citizen’s liberties;
5) The principle of universal, direct, and secret suffrage; and
6) The integrity of the national territory.

Source: http://www.conseil-constitutionnel.dz/Summary-1.htm, 2017/05/03.
no
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17Algeria1989People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria2015yesyesnonononoyesArt. 174. A constitutional revision shall be undertaken on the initiative of the President of the Republic. It shall be voted in identical terms by the People's National Assembly and the Council of the Nation in the same conditions as a statutory text.
It shall be submitted by referendum to the approval of the people within fifty (50) days of its adoption. The constitutional revision, approved by the people, shall be promulgated by the President of the Republic.
Art. 175. An Act containing a revision of the Constitution which was rejected by the people shall become inoperative. It cannot be submitted again to the people during the same legislature.
Art. 176. If according to the reasoned opinion of the Constitutional Council the draft constitutional revision in no way infringes upon the general principles governing the Algerian society, the rights and liberties of man and of the citizen, and does not alter in any manner the fundamental balance of the powers and the institutions, the President of the Republic may directly promulgate the law containing the constitutional revision without submitting it to referendum, if it has been approved by three-quarters (3/4) of the votes of the members of the two chambers of the Parliament.
Art. 177. Three-fourths (3/4) of the members of the two chambers of the Parliament, meeting in joint session, may propose a constitutional revision and present it to the President of the Republic, who may submit it to a referendum. If its approval is obtained, it shall be promulgated.
Art. 178. None of the following shall be the object of a constitutional amendment:
1. the Republican character of the State;
2. the democratic order based on a multi-party system;
3. the role of Islam as the religion of the State;
4. the role of Arabic as the national and official language;
5. the fundamental liberties and the rights of man and of the citizen;
6. the integrity and unity of the national territory..

Sources: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Algeria_2008.pdf, 2017/05/03; du Bois de Gaudusson, Jean/Conac, Gérard/Desouches, Christine (eds.): Les Constitutions africaines publiées en langue française. Vol. 1. Paris 1997, p. 38.
Yes, 2002 or 2008 (uncertain), new No. 7 to Art. 178:

7. the national emblem and the national anthem as symbols of the Revolution and the Republic.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Algeria_2008.pdf, 2017/05/03.
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18Andorra1993Principality of Andorra2015nonononononono- no
26
19Angola1975People's Republic of Angola2010nonononononono-no
27
20Angola2010Republic of Angola2015yesnonoyesyesnoyesArt. 233: The President of the Republic or one third of the Members of the National Assembly in full exercise of their office shall be responsible for initiating a revision of the Constitution.
Art. 234: 1. Alterations to the Constitution shall be approved by a two-thirds majority of Members in full exercise of their office. […]
Art. 235:
1. The National Assembly may review the Constitution five years after it has come into force or five years after the last ordinary revision.
2. The National Assembly may assume extraordinary revision powers at any time, on the basis of a decision by a two-thirds majority of Members in full exercise of their office.
Article 236: Alterations to the Constitution must respect:
a. The dignity of the human person;
b. National independence, territorial integrity and unity;
c. The republican nature of the government;
d. The unitary nature of the state;
e. Essential core rights, freedoms and guarantees;
f. The state based on the rule of law and pluralist democracy;
g. The secular nature of the state and the principle of the separation of church and state;
h. Universal, direct, secret and periodic suffrage in the election of officeholders to sovereign and local authority bodies;
i. The independence of the courts;
j. The separation and interdependence of the bodies that exercise sovereign power;
k. Local autonomy.
Art. 237 No alterations may be made to the Constitution during a state of war, siege or emergency.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Angola_2010.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
28
21Anhalt-Bernburg1848Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg1850nonononononono-no
29
22Anhalt-Bernburg1850Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg1863nonononononono-no
30
23Anhalt-Dessau1848Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau1851nonononononono-no
31
24Anhalt-Köthen1848Duchy of Anhalt-Köthen1851nonononononono-no
32
25Antigua and Barbuda1981Antigua and Barbuda2015noyesnonononoyesSec. 47: [...]
2. A bill to alter this Constitution or the Supreme Court Order shall not be regarded as being passed by the House unless on its final reading in the House the bill is supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the members of the House. [...]
5. A bill to alter this section, schedule 1 to this Constitution or any of the provisions of this Constitution specified in Part I of that schedule or any of the provisions of the Supreme Court Order specified in Part II of that schedule shall not be submitted to the Governor-General for his assent unless [...]
c. the bill has been approved on a referendum, held in accordance with such provisions as may be made in that behalf by Parliament, by not less than two-thirds of all the votes validly cast on that referendum. [...]

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Antigua_and_Barbuda_1981.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
33
26Argentina1819United Provinces of South
America
1820nonononononono-no
34
27Argentina1826Argentina1826nonononononono-no
35
28Argentina1853Argentine Republic1860nonoyesnononoyesArt. 30: Diese Verfassung kann ganz oder in irgend einem ihrer Teile abgeändert werden, wenn seit der Annahme durch das Volk zehn Jahre vergangen sind. Die Notwendigkeit einer Abänderung ist von dem Kongress mit von wenigstens zwei Drittel Stimmen-Mehrheit festzustellen; jedoch kann die Reform nur von einem zu diesem Behufe einberufenen Convent beschlossen und in Kraft gesetzt werden.

Source: http://www.verfassungen.net/ar/verf94-i.htm, 2017/05/03.
yes (see below)
36
Argentina1860Argentine Republic2015nononononononoAmendment of 1860:

Art. 30: The Constitution may be amended in its entirety or in any of its parts. The need for its amendment must be declared by the Congress by a vote of at least two-thirds of its members; but the amendment shall not be accomplished except by a Convention called for such purpose.

Sources: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Argentina_1994.pdf, http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/servlet/SirveObras/01371529455614825210035/p0000001.htm, 2017/05/03.
37
29Armenia1922Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic1937nonononononono-no
38
30Armenia1995Republic of Armenia2015yesnononononoyesArt. 1: The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic state, based on social justice and the rule of law.
Art. 2: In the Republic of Armenia, the power lies with the people. The people exercise their power through free elections and referenda, as well as through state and local self-governing bodies and public officials as provided by the Constitution. The usurpation of power by any organization or individual constitutes a crime.
Art. 114: Articles 1, 2 and 114 of the Constitution may not be amended.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Armenia_2005.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
39
31Australia1901Australia2015noyesnonononoyesSec. 128. This Constitution shall not be altered except in the following manner:
The proposed law for the alteration thereof must be passed by an absolute majority of each House of the Parliament, and not less than two nor more than six months after its passage through both Houses the proposed law shall be submitted in each State to the electors qualified to vote for the election of members of the House of Representatives.
But if either House passes any such proposed law by an absolute majority, and the other House rejects or fails to pass it, or passes it with any amendment to which the first-mentioned House will not agree, and if after an interval of three months the first-mentioned House in the same or the next session again passes the proposed law by an absolute majority with or without any amendment which has been made or agreed to by the other House, and such other House rejects or fails to pass it or passes it with any amendment to which the first-mentioned House will not agree, the
Governor-General may submit the proposed law as last proposed by the first mentioned House, and either with or without any amendments subsequently agreed to by both Houses, to the electors in each State qualified to vote for the election of the House of Representatives.
When a proposed law is submitted to the electors the vote shall be taken in such manner as the Parliament prescribes. But until the qualification of electors of members of the House of
Representatives becomes uniform throughout the Commonwealth, only one-half the electors voting for and against the proposed law shall be counted in any State in which adult suffrage prevails.
And if in a majority of the States a majority of the electors voting approve the proposed law, and if a majority of all the electors voting also approve the proposed law, it shall be presented to the
Governor-General for the Queen's assent.
No alteration diminishing the proportionate representation of any State in either House of the Parliament, or the minimum number of representatives of a State in the House of Representatives, or increasing, diminishing, or otherwise altering the limits of the State, or in any manner affecting the provisions of the Constitution in relation thereto, shall become law unless the majority of the electors voting in that State approve the proposed law.

Sources: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Australia_1985.pdf, http://www.verfassungen.net/au/verf00-i.htm, 2017/05/03.
yes, amendment of 1977:
- in paragraphs 2 and 3, after the words "in every State" the words "and Territory" were added.
- a new paragraph was added: "In this section, Territory means any territory referred to in section one hundred and twenty-two of this Constitution in respect of which there is in force a law allowing its representation in the House of Representatives."

Sources: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Australia_1985.pdf, http://www.verfassungen.net/au/verf00-i.htm, 2017/05/03.
40
32Austria1920Republic of Austria1934noyesnonononoyesArt. 34: (1) Im Bundesrat sind die Länder im Verhältnis zur Bürgerzahl im Land gemäß den folgenden Bestimmungen vertreten.
(2) Für die Vertretung und Stellung im Bundesrat gelten Wien und Niederösterreich-Land (Artikel 108 bis 114) als selbständige Länder.
(3) Das Land mit der größten Bürgerzahl entsendet zwölf, jedes andere Land so viele Mitglieder, als dem Verhältnis seiner Bürgerzahl zur erstangeführten Bürgerzahl entspricht, wobei Reste über die Hälfte der Verhältniszahl als voll gelten. Jedem Land gebührt jedoch eine Vertretung von wenigstens drei Mitgliedern. Für jedes Mitglied wird ein Ersatzmann bestellt.
(4) Die Zahl der demnach von jedem Land zu entsendenden Mitglieder wird vom Bundespräsidenten nach jeder allgemeinen Volkszählung festgesetzt.
Art. 35: (1) Die Mitglieder des Bundesrates und ihre Ersatzmänner werden von den Landtagen für die Dauer ihrer Gesetzgebungsperiode nach dem Grundsatz der Verhältniswahl gewählt, jedoch muß wenigstens ein Mandat der Partei zufallen, die die zweithöchste Anzahl von Sitzen im Landtag oder, wenn mehrere Parteien die gleiche Anzahl von Sitzen haben, die zweithöchste Zahl von Wählerstimmen bei der letzten Landtagswahl aufweist. Bei gleichen Ansprüchen mehrerer Parteien entscheidet das Los.
(2) Die Mitglieder des Bundesrates müssen nicht dem Landtag angehören, der sie entsendet; sie müssen jedoch zu diesem Landtag wählbar sein.
(3) Nach Ablauf der Gesetzgebungsperiode eines Landtages oder nach seiner Auflösung bleiben die von ihm entsendeten Mitglieder des Bundesrates so lange in Funktion, bis der neue Landtag die Wahl in den Bundesrat vorgenommen hat.
(4) Die Bestimmungen dieses Artikels können nur abgeändert werden, wenn im Bundesrat - abgesehen von der für seine Beschlußfassung überhaupt erforderlichen Stimmenmehrheit - die Mehrheit der Vertreter von wenigstens vier Ländern die Änderung angenommen hat.
Artikel 44. (1) Verfassungsgesetze oder in einfachen Gesetzen enthaltene Verfassungsbestimmungen können vom Nationalrat nur in Anwesenheit von mindestens der Hälfte der Mitglieder und mit einer Mehrheit von zwei Dritteln der abgegebenen Stimmen beschlossen werden; sie sind als solche ("Verfassungsgesetz", "Verfassungsbestimmung") ausdrücklich zu bezeichnen.
(2) Jede Gesamtänderung der Bundesverfassung, eine Teiländerung aber nur, wenn dies von einem Drittel der Mitglieder des Nationalrates oder des Bundesrates verlangt wird, ist nach Beendigung des Verfahrens gemäß Artikel 42, jedoch vor der Beurkundung durch den Bundespräsidenten, einer Abstimmung des gesamten Bundesvolkes zu unterziehen.

Source: http://www.verfassungen.de/at/at18-34/index20.htm, 2017/05/03.
Yes, amendment of 1925:

- Art. 34 (2) was deleted
- Art. 34 (3) and (4) were renumbered.

Source: http://www.verfassungen.de/at/at18-34/index20.htm, 2017/05/03.
41
33Austria1934Federal State of Austria1938nonononononono-no
42
34Austria1945Republic of Austria2015noyesnonononoyesArt. 34: (1) Pursuant to the following provisions, the Laender are represented in the Federal Council in proportion to the number of nationals in each Land.
(2) The Land with the largest number of citizens delegates twelve members, every other Land as many as the ratio in which its nationals stand to those in the first-mentioned Land, with remainders which exceed half the coefficient counting as full. Every Land is however entitled to a representation of at least three members. A substitute will be appointed for each member.
(3) The number of members to be delegated by each Land accordingly will be laid down after every general census by the Federal President.
Art. 35: (1) The members of the Federal Council and their substitutes are elected by the Diets for the duration of their respective legislative periods in accordance with the principle of proportional representation but at least one seat must fall to the party having the second largest number of seats in a Diet or, should several parties have the same number of seats, the second highest number of votes at the last election to the Diet. When the claims of several parties are equal, the issue shall be decided by lot.
(2) The members of the Federal Council need not belong to the Diet which delegates them; they must however be eligible for that Diet.
(3) After expiry of the legislative period of a Diet or after its dissolution the members delegated by it to the Federal Council remain in office until such time as the new Diet has held the election to the Federal Council.
(4) The provisions of Arts. 34 and 35 can only be amended -apart from the majority of votes requisite in general to the adoption of a resolution there -if in the Federal Council the majority of the representatives from at least four Laender has approved the amendment.
Art. 44: (1) Constitutional laws or constitutional provisions contained in simple laws can be passed by the National Council only in the presence of at least half the members and by a two thirds majority of the votes cast; they shall be explicitly specified as such ("constitutional law", "constitutional provision").
(2) Any total revision of the Federal Constitution shall upon conclusion of the procedure pursuant to Art 42 above but before its authentication by the Federal President be submitted to a referendum by the Federal people whereas any partial revision requires this only if one third of the members of the National Council or the Federal Council so demands.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Austria_2013?lang=en, 2017/05/03.
Yes, amendment of 1984:

- new Art. 44 (2): Constitutional laws or constitutional provisions contained in simple laws restricting the competence of the Laender in legislation or execution require furthermore the approval of the Federal Council which must be imparted in the presence of at least half the members and by a two thirds majority of the votes cast.
- old Art. 44 (2) became (3)

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Austria_2013?lang=en, 2017/05/03.
Reinstated 1920 constitution.
43
35Austria-Hungary1849Austro-Hungarian Empire1851nonononononono-no
44
36Austria-Hungary1851Austro-Hungarian Empire1860nonononononono-no
45
37Austria-Hungary1860Austro-Hungarian Empire1861nonononononono-no
46
38Austria-Hungary1861Austro-Hungarian Empire1867nonononononono-no
47
39Austria-Hungary1867Austro-Hungarian Empire1918nonononononono-no
48
40Azerbaijan1921Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic1937nonononononono-no
49
41Azerbaijan1995Republic of Azerbaijan2015yesyesnonononoyesChapter XI: Changes in the Constitution of the Azerbaiyesn Republic
Art. 152: Changes in the text of the Constitution of the Azerbaiyesn Republic are adopted only by referendum. [...]
Art. 155: Proposals on changes in Articles 1, 2, 6, 7, 8 and 21 and on restriction of items specified in the Chapter III of the present Constitution cannot be submitted for a referendum. [...]

Chapter XII: Additions to the Constitution of the Azerbaiyesn Republic
Art. 156:
I. Additions to the Constitution of the Azerbaiyesn Republic are adopted as Constitutional Laws in the Milli Mejlis of the Azerbaiyesn Republic by a majority of 95 votes.
II. Constitutional Laws of the Azerbaiyesn Republic on additions to the Constitution of the Azerbaiyesn Republic are put to a vote in the Milli Mejlis of the Azerbaiyesn Republic twice. The second voting is held 6 months after the first voting. [...]
V. Constitutional Laws of the Azerbaiyesn Republic are an integral part of the Constitution of the Azerbaiyesn Republic and they must not contradict the main text of the Constitution of the Azerbaiyesn Republic. [...]
Art. 158: The President of the Azerbaiyesn Republic or the Deputies of the Milli Mejlis of the Azerbaiyesn Republic cannot submit proposals on additions to the Constitution of the Azerbaiyesn Republic concerning provisions contained in Chapters VI [Executive Power] and V [Legislative Power] of the present Constitution.

Source: Gisbert H. Flanz, Constitutions of the Countries of the World, 1996-09, Oceana Publications, Inc., Dobbs Ferry, NY, USA, Booklet 2, pp. 1-65.
yes, amendment of 2002:

Art. 155: Proposals about changes or abolition in Articles 1, 2, 6, 7, 8 and 21, about restriction or abolition of human and citizen's rights and freedoms envisaged in Chapter III of the present Constitution or to higher degree than it is specified in international treaties Azerbaijan Republic is a party too. [...]
Art. 158: There cannot be proposed the introduction of additions to the Constitution of Azerbaijan Republic with respect to provisions envisaged in Chapter I of the present Constitution.

Source: http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/text.jsp?file_id=222657, 2017/05/03.
50
42Baden1818Grand Duchy of Baden1919nonononononono-no
51
43Baden1947Baden1953yesnononononoyesArt. 92. […]
(3) Die unerläßlichen Grundbestandteile einer demokratischen Verfassung können auch durch ein verfassungsänderndes Gesetz nicht verletzt und nicht beseitigt werden. […]

Source: http://www.verfassungen.de/de/bw/baden/baden47-index.htm, 2017/05/03.
no
52
44Bahamas1973Bahamas2015noyesnonononoyesArt. 54.
1. Subject to the provisions of this Article, Parliament may, by an Act of Parliament passed by both Houses, alter any of the provisions of this Constitution or (in so far as it forms part of the law of the Bahamas) any of the provisions of The Bahamas Independence Act, 1973.
2. In so far as it alters
a. Articles 32, 33, 34, 35, 41, 42, 43, 47, 48, 49, 79, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, or 136 of this Constitution; or
b. Articles 127 or 137 of this Constitution in their application to any of the provisions specified in sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph
Bill for an Act of Parliament under this Article shall not be passed by Parliament unless:-
i. at the final voting thereon in each House it is supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the members of each House, and
ii. the Bill, after its passage through both Houses, has been submitted to the electors qualified to vote for the election of members of the House of Assembly and, on a vote in such manner as Parliament may prescribe e majority of the electors voting have approved the Bill.
3. In so far as it alters
a. this Article;
b. Articles 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 38, 39, 40, 45, 46, 51, 52, 60, 61, 62, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, or 105 of this Constitution; or
c. Articles 106, 127 or 137 of this Constitution in their application to any of the provisions specified in sub-paragraphs (a) or (b) of this paragraph; or
d. any of the provision of the Bahamas Independence Act 1973,
a Bill for an Act of Parliament under this Article shall not be passed by Parliament unless: -
i. at the final voting thereon in each House it is supported by the votes of nor less than three-quarters of all the members of each House, and
ii. the Bill, after its passage through both Houses has been submitted to the electors qualified to vote for the elections of members of the House of Assembly and, on a vote taken in such manner as Parliament may prescribe the majority of the electors voting have approved the Bill. [...]

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Bahamas_2002.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
53
45Bahrain1973Emirate of Bahrain1975yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 2: Islam shall be the religion of the State, Islamic Sharia a main source of legislation, and Arabic the official language.
Art. 104: [...]
(c) Under no circumstances shall the principle of the hereditary rule of Bahrain, the principle of liberty and equality set forth in this Constitution, as well as Article 2 thereof, be proposed for amendment.
(d) The powers of the Amir, specified in this Constitution, may not be proposed for amendment when a Deputy Amir is acting for him.

Source: http://www.servat.unibe.ch/icl/ba01000_.html, 2017/05/03.
no
54
46Bahrain2002Kingdom of Bahrain2015yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 2: The religion of the State is Islam. The Islamic Shari’a is a principal source for legislation. The official language is Arabic.
Art. 120: […] c. It is not permissible to propose an amendment to Article 2 of this Constitution, and it is not permissible under any circumstances to propose the amendment of the constitutional monarchy and the principle of inherited rule in Bahrain, as well as the bi-cameral system and the principles of freedom and equality established in this Constitution. […]
d. The powers of the King stated in this Constitution may not be proposed for amendment in an interval during which another person is acting for him.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Bahrain_2002.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
55
47Bangladesh1972People's Republic of Bangladesh2011nonononononono-yes (see below)
56
Bangladesh2011People's Republic of Bangladesh2015yesnononononoyesAmendment of 2011:

new Art. 7B: Notwithstanding anything contained in article 142 of the Constitution, the preamble, all articles of Part I, all articles of Part II, subject to the provisions of Part IXA all articles of Part III, and the provisions of articles relating to the basic structures of the Constitution including article 150 of Part XI shall not be amendable by way of insertion, modification, substitution, repeal or by any other means.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Bangladesh_2011.pdf, 2017/05/03.
The constitution was suspended 1982-1986.
57
48Barbados1966Barbados2015noyesnonononoyesSec. 49. 1. Subject to the provisions of this section, Parliament may, by an Act of Parliament passed by both Houses, alter this Constitution.
2. Subject to the provisions of subsection (3), a Bill for an Act of Parliament under this section that alters any of the following provisions, that is to say
a. this section and section 1;
b. Chapter II;
c. Chapter III;
d. sections 28, 32, 35 to 39, 41, 42, 48, 60(2), 61,62,63 and 76 to 79 (other than subsection (7) of section 79);
e. Chapter VII (other than section 83);
f. Chapter VIII;
g. Chapter IX;
h. any provision of Chapter X in its application to any of the provisions specified in paragraphs (a) to (g), shall not be passed in either House unless at the final voting thereon in the House it is supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the members of the House.
3. Subsection (2) shall not apply to a Bill in so far as it alters any of the provisions specified in that subsection for the purpose of giving effect to arrangements for the federation or union of Barbados with any other part of the Commonwealth or for the establishment of some other form of constitutional association between Barbados and any other part of the Commonwealth.
4. A Bill for an Act of Parliament under this section to which subsection (2) does not apply shall not be passed in either House unless at the final voting thereon in the House it is supported by the votes of a majority of all the members of the House. […]

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Barbados_2007.pdf, 2017/05/03.
yes, amendment of 1981:

Establishment of an Electoral Commission (new Sec.41A-41E) and introduction of these five new Sections into Sec. 49, § 2, lit. d.

Source: The Barbados Constitution (Amendment) Act, 1981 (1981-24). In: Velma Newton: Barbados. In: Albert P. Blaustein & Gisbert H. Flanz (eds.): Constitutions of the Countries of the World. Dobbs Ferry, New York 1989, pp. 177-190.
58
49Bavaria1808Kingdom of Bavaria1818nonononononono-no
59
50Bavaria1818Kingdom of Bavaria1848nononononononoTitel X: [...]
§ 7. (1) Abänderungen in den Bestimmungen der Verfassungs-Urkunde oder Zusätze zu derselben können ohne Zustimmung der Stände nicht geschehen.
(2) Die Vorschläge hiezu gehen allein vom Könige aus, und nur wenn Derselbe sie an die Stände gebracht hat, dürfen diese darüber berathschlagen.
(3) Zu einem gültigen Beschlusse in dieser höchst wichtigen Angelegenheit wird wenigstens die Gegenwart von drey Viertheilen der bey der Versammlung anwesenden Mitglieder in jeder Kammer und eine Mehrheit von zwey Dritttheilen der Stimmen erfordert.

Source: http://www.verfassungen.de/de/by/bayern18.htm, 2017/05/03.
yes, see below
60
Bavaria1848Kingdom of Bavaria1919noyesnonononoyesyes, amendment of 1848 (Gesetz, die ständische Initiative betreffend vom 4. Juni 1848):

[...]
Artikel II. Das nach Tit. X. § 7 der Verfassungs-Urkunde dem König ausschließend zustehende Recht, Abänderungen in den Bestimmungen der Verfassungs-Urkunde, oder Zusätze zu derselben in Vorschlag zu bringen (Recht der Initiative), wird in Ansehung der in den Titeln IV., VII., VIII. und X. § 1 - 6 der Verfassungs-Urkunde enthaltenen Bestimmungen, und der hierauf Bezug nehmenden Verfassungs-Beilagen und Gesetze auch den Ständen des Reichs eingeräumt.

Source: http://www.verfassungen.de/de/by/bayern1818/bayern48-gesetz2.htm, 2017/05/03.
61
51Bavaria1946Free State of Bavaria2015yesnononononoyesArt. 75: (1) [...] Anträge auf Verfassungsänderungen, die den demokratischen Grundgedanken der Verfassung widersprechen, sind unzulässig. [...]

Source: http://www.verfassungen.de/de/by/bayern46-index.htm, 2017/05/03.
no
62
52Belarus1919Soviet Socialist Republic of Belarus 1927nonononononono-no
63
53Belarus1994Republic of Belarus1996nonononoyesnoyesArt. 148: [...]
(2) The Constitution shall not be amended or supplemented during a state of emergency or the last six months of the term of a Supreme Council.

Source: http://www.oefre.unibe.ch/law/icl/bo00000_.html, 2017/05/03.
yes (see below)
64
Belarus1996Republic of Belarus2015noyesnonoyesnoyesAmendment of 1996:

Art. 140: The Constitution, laws on amendments and addenda thereto, on the entry into force of the said laws and instruments on the interpretation of the Constitution shall be deemed to have been adopted where no less than two-thirds of the elected deputies of both chambers of the Parliament have voted in favour of them.
The Constitution may be amended or supplemented via a referendum. A decision to amend or supplement the Constitution by means of a referendum shall be deemed adopted where a majority of citizens on the electoral roll have voted in favour of it.
Articles 1, 2, 4, 8 of the Constitution may be reconsidered only by means of a referendum.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Belarus_2004.pdf, 2017/05/03.
65
54Belgium1831Kingdom of Belgium2015nonononoyesnoyesArt. 84: Während einer Regentschaft kann keine Änderung der Verfassung vorgenommen werden.

Source: http://www.verfassungen.eu/b/belgien31-index.htm, 2017/05/03.
yes, amendment of 1968:
new Art. 131a: In Kriegszeiten oder wenn die Kammern verhindert sind, auf dem Staatsgebiet frei zusammenzutreten, kann keine Verfassungsänderung begonnen oder fortgeführt werden.

Source: http://www.verfassungen.eu/b/belgien94.htm, 2017/05/03.

Amendment of 1984:

Art. 196: No constitutional revision can be started or pursued during times of war or when the Houses are prevented from meeting freely on federal territory.
Art. 197: During a regency, no changes can be made to the Constitution regarding the constitutional powers of the King and Articles 85 to 88, 91 to 95, 106 and 197 of the Constitution.

Source: http://www.legislationline.org/documents/section/constitutions, 2017/05/03.
66
55Belize1981Belize2015noyesnoyesnonoyesSec. 69:
1. The National Assembly may alter any of the provisions of this Constitution in the manner specified in the following provisions of this section.
2. Until after the first general election held after Independence Day a Bill to alter any of the provisions of this Constitution shall not be regarded as being passed by the National Assembly unless on its final reading in each House the Bill is supported by the unanimous vote of all members of that House.
3. A Bill to alter this section, Schedule 2 to this Constitution or any of the provisions of this Constitution specified in that Schedule shall not be regarded as being passed by the House of Representatives unless on its final reading in the House the Bill is supported by the votes of not less than three-quarters of all the members of the House.
4. A Bill to alter any of the provisions of this Constitution other than those referred to in subsection (3) of this section shall not be regarded as being passed by the House of Representatives unless on its final reading in the House the Bill is supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the members of the House.
5. A Bill to alter any of the provisions of this Constitution referred to in subsection (3) of this section shall not be submitted to the Governor-General for his assent unless there has been an interval of not less than ninety days between the introduction of the Bill in the House of Representatives and the beginning of the proceedings in the House on the second reading of the Bill. [...]
PART XI: Transitional Provisions [...]
Sec. 140:
1. The National Assembly may alter any of the provisions of this Part, other than those referred to in subsection (2) of this section, in the manner specified in section 69(4) of this Constitution.
2. The National Assembly may alter this section, subsections (1), (4) and (7) of section 137, section 138 and section 139 of this Constitution in the manner specified in subsections (3) and (5) of section 69 of this Constitution. [...]

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Belize_2001.pdf, 2017/05/03.
yes, amendment of 2001:

Introduction to Art. 69:
5A. A Bill to alter any provisions of Part II of this Constitution shall not be regarded as being passed by the National Assembly unless it is supported by a simple majority of the Senate.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Belize_2001.pdf, 2017/05/03.
67
56Benin1960Republic of Dahomey1963yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 73: Aucune procédure de révision ne peut être engagée ou poursuivie lorsqu'il est porté atteinte à l'intégrité du territoire.
La forme républicaine du Gouvernement ne peut faire l'objet d'une révision.

Source: http://www.polver.uni-konstanz.de/index.php?eID=tx_nawsecuredl&u=0&g=0&t=1422025234&hash=d03a448ea5f3a25521d17258adeaaf81ab881fc3&file=fileadmin/polver/ag-holzinger/constitutions/benin_con_1960_fr_scan.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
68
57Benin1964Republic of Dahomey1965yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 99: […]
(4) Aucune procédure de révision ne peut être engagée ou poursuivie lorsqu'il est porté atteinte à l'intégrité du Territoire.
(5) La forme républicaine du Gouvernement ne peut faire l'objet d'une révision.

Source: Constitution de la République du Dahomey. [Porto-Novo] 1964.
no
69
58Benin1968Republic of Dahomey1970yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 102: […]
(4) Aucune procédure de révision ne peut être engagée ou poursuivie lorsqu'il est porté atteinte à l'intégrité du territoire.
(5) La forme républicaine du gouvernement ne peut faire l'objet d'une révision.

Source: http://www.polver.uni-konstanz.de/index.php?eID=tx_nawsecuredl&u=0&g=0&t=1425640241&hash=54bde78518710d0b0e7c131df0ad5cca47d20bc2&file=fileadmin/polver/ag-holzinger/constitutions/benin_con_1968_fr_scan.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
70
59Benin1970Republic of Dahomey1972nonononononono-no
71
60Benin1977People's Republic of Benin1990yesnononononoyesArt. 154: [...]
(2) Toutefois, cette modification ou cette révision ne peut remettre en cause l'orientation socialiste de la République Populaire du Bénin proclamée le 30 novembre 1974 à Goho.

Source: http://www.polver.uni-konstanz.de/index.php?eID=tx_nawsecuredl&u=0&g=0&t=1422025234&hash=7a3c52cab19cd12e6cb69f5584ab244742bc0c33&file=fileadmin/polver/ag-holzinger/constitutions/benin_con_1977_fr_scan.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
72
61Benin1990Republic of Benin2015yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 156: No procedure for revision may be instituted or continued when it shall undermine the integrity of the territory. [Missleading translation, M.H.]
The republican form of government and the secularity of the State may not be made the object of a revision.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Benin_1990.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
73
62Berg1812Grand Duchy of Berg1813nonononononono-no
74
63Berlin1950Berlin1995nonononononono-no
75
64Bhutan2008Kingdom of Bhutan2015noyesnonoyesnoyesArt. 1: Kingdom of Bhutan
[…] 2: The form of Government shall be that of a Democratic Constitutional Monarchy.
Art. 2: Emergency The Institution of Monarchy
[…] 26: Parliament shall make no laws or exercise its powers to amend the provisions of this Article and section 2 of Article 1 except through a National Referendum.
Art. 33: Emergency […] section 9: The Constitution shall not be amended during a state of emergency.
Art. 35: Amendment & Authoritative Text
1. Subject to the provision of section 26 of Article 2 and section 9 of Article 33, Parliament shall have the power to amend by way of addition, variation, or repeal the provisions of this Constitution in accordance with the procedure set out in this Article.
2. A motion to amend the Constitution under section 1 of this Article shall be initiated by a simple majority of the total number of members of Parliament at a joint sitting and, on being passed by not less than three-fourths of the total number of members in the next session at a joint sitting of Parliament, the Constitution shall stand amended on Assent being granted by the Druk Gyalpo.
3. Parliament may call for a National Referendum if, in its opinion, a Constitutional Bill, which is not granted Assent by the Druk Gyalpo is of national importance. […]

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Bhutan_2008.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
76
65Bolivia1826Bolivian Republic1831nonoyesnononoyesArt. 145: Si pasados diez años después de jurada la Constitución, se advirtiere que algunos de sus artículos merecen reforma, se hará la proposición por escrito, firmada por una tercera parte, al menos, de la Cámara de Tribunos, y apoyada por las dos terceras partes de los miembros presentes en la Cámara.

Source: http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/obra-visor/constitucion-del-estado-del-19-de-noviembre-de-1826/html/6f240562-0c16-4f70-81af-3a115470d05c_2.html#I_0_, 2017/05/03.
no
77
66Bolivia1831Republic of Bolivia1834nonononononono-no
78
67Bolivia1834Republic of Bolivia1839nonononononono-no
79
68Bolivia1839Republic of Bolivia1843yesnononononoyesArt. 1: La Nacion Boliviana se compone de todos los bolivianos, reunidos bajo de una misma asociacion política: es libre é independiente, y adopta para su Gobierno la forma popular representativa.
Art. 2: El nombre de Bolivia es inalterable.
Art. 146: El Poder que tiene el Congreso para reformar esta Constitucion, yesmás se extenderá á los artículos 1° y 2°.

Source: http://www.lexivox.org/norms/BO-CPE-18391026.xhtml, 2017/05/03.
no
80
69Bolivia1843Bolivian Republic1851yesnononononoyesArt. 83: The power which the Chambers possess of reforming the Constitution does not extend to the form of Government, or to the independence proclaimed by the Republic.

Source: British & Foreign State Papers 31 (1842-1843), pp. 990-1002.
no
81
70Bolivia1851Bolivia1861yesnononononoyesArt. 100: El poder que tiene el Congreso para reformar esta Constitución, yesmás se extenderá a la forma de gobierno, a la independencia ni religión del Estado.

Source: http://www.lexivox.org/norms/BO-CPE-18510921.xhtml, 2017/05/03.
no
82
71Bolivia1861Bolivia1868yesnoyesnononoyesArt. 83: Cuando la enmienda sea relativa al período constitucional del Presidente, se considerará conforme a lo dispuesto en el articulo anterior, sólo en el siguiente período.
Art. 84: El poder que tiene la Asamblea para reformar esta Constitución yesmás se extenderá a la forma de Gobierno, a la independencia ni a la religión del Estado.

Source: http://www.lexivox.org/norms/BO-CPE-18610805.xhtml, 2017/05/03.
no
83
72Bolivia1868Republic of Bolivia1871yesnoyesnononoyesArt. 92: [...] Cuando la enmienda sea relativa al período constitucional del Presidente, se considerará conforme a lo dispuesto en el Artículo anterior, solo en el siguiente período.
Art. 93: El Poder que tiene el Congreso para reformar esta Constitución, no se extiende a la forma de Gobierno, a la independencia ni a la religión del Estado.

Source: http://comisiondeconstitucion2002-2003.awardspace.com/cpehistoria/documentos/cpe_1868.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
84
73Bolivia1871Republic of Bolivia1878nonoyesnononoyesArt. 102: Cuando la enmienda sea relativa al período constitucional del Presidente se considerará conforme a lo dispuesto en el Artículo anterior, solo en el siguiente período.

Source: http://www.lexivox.org/norms/BO-CPE-18711018.xhtml, 2017/05/03.
no
85
74Bolivia1878Republic of Bolivia1880nonoyesnononoyesArt. 135: Cuando la enmienda sea relativa al período constitucional del Presidente de la República, se considerará, conforme a lo dispuesto en los Artículos anteriores, sólo en el siguiente período.

Source: http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/obra-visor/constitucion-del-15-de-febrero-de-1878/html/9f56ba5d-8bf1-4001-8053-e0f8456a5de5_2.html#I_0_, 2017/05/03.
no
86
75Bolivia1880Republic of Bolivia1938nonoyesnononoyesArt. 135: Cuando la enmienda sea relativa al período constitucional del Presidente de la república, se considerará conforme a lo dispuesto en los artículos anteriores, solo en el siguiente período.

Source: http://www.lexivox.org/norms/BO-CPE-18801028.xhtml, 2017/05/03.
no
87
76Bolivia1938Republic of Bolivia1939nonoyesnononoyesArt. 177: Cuando la enmienda sea relativa al periodo constitucional del Presidente de la República, será cumplida sólo en el siguiente período.

Source: http://www.lexivox.org/norms/BO-CPE-19381020.xhtml, 2017/05/03.
no
88
77Bolivia1945Republic of Bolivia1947nonoyesnononoyesArt. 177: Cuando la enmienda sea relativa al periodo constitucional del Presidente de la República, será cumplida sólo en el siguiente período.

Source: http://www.lexivox.org/norms/BO-CPE-19451124.xhtml, 2017/05/03.
no
89
78Bolivia1947Republic of Bolivia1961nonoyesnononoyesArt. 180: Cuando la enmienda sea relativa al período constitucional del Presidente de la República, será cumplida sólo en el siguiente período.

Source: http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/obra-visor/constitucion-politica-de-la-republica-de-bolivia-del-26-de-noviembre-de-1947/html/c2d24e45-3bcb-4a42-b5b4-a95e232a0f3c_2.html#I_0_, 2017/05/03.
no
90
79Bolivia1961Republic of Bolivia1964nonoyesnononoyesArt. 216 Whenever an amendment relates to the constitutional term of office of the President of the Republic, it shall become effective only in the following term.

Source: http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015073364401;view=1up;seq=39, 2017/05/03.
no
91
80Bolivia1967Republic of Bolivia2009nonoyesnononoyesArt. 233. Cuando la enmienda sea relativa al período Constitucional del Presidente de la República, será cumplida sólo en el siguiente período.

Source: http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/obra-visor/constitucion-de-1967/html/79ba5969-d0a7-4c29-8db2-24904ed735f2_2.html#I_0_, 2017/05/03.
no
92
81Bolivia2009Plurinational State of Bolivia2015noyesnonoyesnoyesArt. 140: […] III. The reform of the Constitution may not be initiated while there is a state of emergency in force.
Art. 411: I. The total reform of the Constitution, or that which affects its fundamental premises, affects rights, duties and guarantees, or the supremacy and reform of the Constitution, shall take place through an original plenipotentiary Constituent Assembly, put into motion by popular will through referendum.
The convocation of the referendum shall be carried out by citizen initiative, with the signatures of at least twenty percent of the electorate; by absolute majority vote of the members of the Pluri-National Legislative Assembly; or by the President of the State. The Constituent Assembly (Asamblea Constituyente) shall draft its own regulations for all effects. The constitutional text must be approved by two-thirds of the members present. The validity of the reform shall require approval by constitutional referendum.
II. The partial reform of the Constitution may be initiated by popular initiative with the signatures of at least twenty percent of the electorate, or by the Pluri-National Legislative Assembly through a law of constitutional reform approved by two-thirds of the total members present of the Pluri-National Legislative Assembly. Any partial reform shall require approval by constitutional referendum.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Bolivia_2009.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
93
82Bosnia and Herzegovina1995Bosnia and Herzegovina2015yesnononononoyesArt. X:
1. This Constitution may be amended by a decision of the Parliamentary Assembly, including a two-thirds majority of those present and voting in the House of Representatives.
2. No amendment to this Constitution may eliminate or diminish any of the rights and freedoms referred to in Article II of this Constitution or alter the present paragraph.

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Bosnia_Herzegovina_2009.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
94
83Botswana1966Republic of Botswana 2015noyesnonononoyesSec. 89:
1. Subject to the provisions of this section Parliament may alter this Constitution.
2. A Bill for an Act of Parliament under this section shall not be introduced into the National Assembly unless the text of the Bill has been published in the Gazette not less than 30 days before it is so introduced.
3. In so far as it alters any of the provisions of—
a. Chapter II; sections 30 to 44 inclusive, 47 to 51 inclusive, and 56; sections 77 to 79 inclusive and section 85; Chapter VII; or sections 117 to 120 inclusive and section 127 in its application to any of the provisions mentioned in this paragraph;
b. sections 57, 63 to 66 inclusive, 86 to 89 inclusive, 90(2) and (3), 91(2), (3), (4) and (5), and 92; Chapter VI; and section 127 in its application to any of the provisions mentioned in this
paragraph, a Bill for an Act of Parliament under this section shall not be passed by the National Assembly unless—
i. the final voting on the Bill in the Assembly takes place not less than three months after the previous voting thereon in the Assembly; and
ii. at such final voting the Bill is supported by the votes of not less than two- thirds of all the Members of the Assembly.
4. In so far as it alters any of the provisions mentioned in subsection (3)(b) of this section no Bill shall be presented to the President for his assent unless after its passage by the Assembly it has been submitted to the electors qualified to vote in the election of the Elected Members of the National Assembly, and, on a vote taken in such manner as Parliament may prescribe, the majority of the electors voting have approved the Bill. […]

Source: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Botswana_2002.pdf, 2017/05/03.
no
95
84Brandenburg1947March of Brandenburg1952yesnononononoyesArt. 35. [...] Verfassungsänderungen dürfen die demokratischen Grundgedanken der Verfassung und die republikanisch-parlamentarische Staatsform nicht antasten.

Source: http://www.verfassungen.de/de/bb/brandenburg47-index.htm, 2017/05/03.
no
96
85Brazil1824Empire of Brazil1889nonoyesnononoyesArt. 174. If four years or more after the constitution of Brazil has been duly sworn to, it is apparent that any of its articles need amendment, the proposal shall be made in writing, originating in the chamber of deputies, and supported by a third of their number.

Source: James, Herman G., The Constitutional System of Brazil. Washington 1923, pp. 237-252.
no
97
86Brazil1891Republic of the United States of Brazil1930yesnononononoyesArt. 90: [...]
§ 4: Não poderão ser admitidos como objeto de deliberação, no Congresso, projetos tendentes a abolir a forma republicano-federativa, ou a igualdade da representação dos Estados no Senado.

Source: http://pdba.georgetown.edu/Constitutions/Brazil/brazil1891.html, 2017/05/03.
no
98
87Brazil1934Republic of the United States of Brazil1937yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 178: A Constituição poderá ser emendada, quando as alterações propostas não modificarem a estrutura política do Estado (arts. 1 a 14, 17 a 21); a organização ou a competência dos poderes da soberania (Capítulos II III e IV, do TÍTULO I; o CAPÍTULO V, do Titulo I; o TÍTULO II; o TÍTULO III; e os arts. 175, 177, 181, este mesmo art. 178); e revista, no caso contrário. [...]
§ 4: Não se procederá à reforma da Constituição na vigência do estado de sítio.
§ 5: Não serão admitidos como objeto de deliberação, projetos tendentes a abolir a forma republicana federativa.

Source: http://pdba.georgetown.edu/Constitutions/Brazil/brazil34.html, 2017/05/03.
no
99
88Brazil1937Republic of the United States of Brazil1946nonononononono-no
100
89Brazil1946United States of Brazil1967yesnononoyesnoyesArt. 217: A Constituição poderá ser emendada. [...]
§ 5: Não se reformará a Constituição na vigência do estado de sítio.
§ 6: Não serão admitidos como objeto de deliberação projetos tendentes a abolir a Federação ou a República.

Source: http://pdba.georgetown.edu/Constitutions/Brazil/brazil46.html, 2017/05/03.
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