Ranieri's Latin Pronunciation Chronology
 Share
The version of the browser you are using is no longer supported. Please upgrade to a supported browser.Dismiss

View only
 
 
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZAAABACADAEAFAGAHAIAJAKALAMANAOAPAQARASATAUAVAWAXAYAZBABB
1
see notes below
Classical & Vernacular Pronunication in Rome, Italy
Luke Amadeus Ranieri's LATIN PRONUNCIATION CHRONOLOGY Spreadsheet
2
Greek periods reference
Classical Greek
Koine Greek
Byzantine Greek
Modern Greek
3
Latin periods reference
Old Latin
Au
Classical Latin
Ag
Late Latin
Mediaeval Latin
Renaissance Latin
Neo-Latin
Contemporary Latin
4
Colonizations
Roman Sardinia
Roman Dacia
Proto-Romance
Italian
5
pre 500
500450400350300250200150100500501001502002503003504004505005506006507007508008509009501000105011001150120012501300135014001450150015501600165017001750180018501900195020002050
6
6th c.
5th c.
4th c.
3rd c.
2nd c.
1st c.
1st c.
2nd c.
3rd c.
4th c.
5th c.
6th c.
7th c.
8th c.
9th c.
10th c.
11th c.
12th c.
13th c.
14th c.
15th c.
16th c.
17th c.
18th c.
19th c.
20th c.
21st c.
7
a open, stressed
See Footnote 1
aaaaaaaa
8
a unstressedaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
9
e open, stressed
See Footnote 1,2
ɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛːjɛː
10
e closed, stressedɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛ
11
e unstressed
See Footnote 3
ɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛ
ɛ~e
ɛ~e
eeee
12
i open, stressed
See Footnote 4
iiiiiiiie̝ː
13
i unstressed or closed
See Footnote 4
iiiiiiiieeeeeeeeeeeee
14
i syllable final
See Footnote 4
iiiiiiieeeeeeeeeeeeee
15
i + vowel
See Footnote 5
iiiiii,ji,ji,jjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
16
o open, stressed
See Footnote 1,2
ɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔːɔːɔːɔːwɔːwɔːwɔːwɔːwɔːwɔːwɔːwɔːwɔːwɔː
17
o closed, stressedɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔ
18
o unstressed
See Footnote 3
ɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔ
ɔ~o
ɔoooo
19
u open, stressed
See Footnote 4
uuuuuuuuo̝ː
20
u closed, stressed
See Footnote 4
uuuuuuuuuuuoooooooooo
21
u unstressed
See Footnote 4
uuuuuuuuuuuoooooooooo
22
[sonus medius] u/i
See Footnote 6
u,ʉu,ʉʉ,ɨ,i̥ʉ,ɨ,i̥ʉ,ɨ,i̥ʉ,ɨ,i̥ʉ,ɨ,i̥ʉ,ɨ,i̥ʉ,ɨ,i̥u,i̥,iu,i̥,iu,iu,iu,iu,iu,iu,iu,iu,iu,iu,iu,i
23
24
ā open, stressed
25
ā unstressed or closed
See Footnote 7
aaaaaaaaaaa
26
ē open, stressed
See Footnote 8
ɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛː
27
ē unstressed or closed
See Footnote 7
ɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːeeeeeeeeeee
28
ī open, stressed
29
ī unstressed or closed
See Footnote 7
iiiiiiiiiii
30
ō open, stressed
See Footnote 8
ɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔː
31
ō unstressed or closed
See Footnote 7
ɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːooooooooooo
32
ū open, stressed
33
ū unstressed
See Footnote 7
uuuuuuuuuuu
34
ei open, stressed
See Footnote 9
e̝ːe̝ːe̝ː
35
ei unstressed or closed
See Footnote 7,9
e̝ːe̝ːe̝ːiiiiiiiiiii
36
37
ae (ai) stressed
See Footnote 10
ai̯ae̯ae̯ae̯ɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛː
38
"ae̯ae̯ae̯ae̯ae̯ae̯ae̯ae̯
39
ae (ai) unstressedai̯ae̯ae̯ae̯ɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛɛ
40
"ae̯ae̯ae̯ae̯ae̯ae̯ae̯ae̯
41
oe (oi) stressedoi̯oe̯oe̯ɛːɛːɛː
42
"oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯
43
oe (oi) unstressedoi̯oe̯oe̯ɛːɛːɛːeeeeeeeeeee
44
"oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯oe̯
45
au stressedau̯au̯au̯au̯ɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔː
46
"au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯
47
au unstressedau̯au̯au̯au̯ɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔːɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔɔ
48
"au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯
49
eiei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯ei̯eeeeee
50
uiui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯ui̯uiuiuiuiuiui
51
ouou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ou̯ouououououou
52
53
j initialjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
54
ʝʝʝʝʝʝʝd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒ
55
ʒʒʒʒʒʒʒʒʒʒʒʒ
56
j intervocalic
57
ʝːʝːʝːʝːʝːʝːʝːd͡ʒːd͡ʒːd͡ʒːd͡ʒːd͡ʒːd͡ʒː
58
ʒːʒːʒːʒːʒːʒːʒːʒːʒːʒːʒːʒː
59
vwwwwʋʋβʷβʷβvvvvvvvvvvvvv
60
"ɰᵝɰᵝɰᵝɰᵝwwʋʋβʷβββββββββ
61
"ɰᵝɰᵝwwʋβʷβʷβʷβʷβʷβʷ
62
"ɰᵝɰᵝwʋʋʋʋʋ
63
"ɰᵝwww
64
ɰᵝɰᵝɰᵝ
65
66
hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh
67
68
69
fffffffffffffffffffffff
70
sssssss
71
s intervocalicsssszzzzzzzzzz
72
s finalh~jh~j
∅~j
∅~j
∅~j
∅~j
∅~j
∅~j
∅~j
∅~j
∅~j
∅~j
∅~j
∅~j
73
sc + e i initials̠ks̠ks̠ks̠ks̠ks̠ks̠ks̠ks̠cs̠cs̠cs̠cs̠cs̠cs̠cs̠cʃʃʃʃʃʃ
74
sc + e i intervocalic
s̠ks̠ks̠ks̠ks̠ks̠ks̠ks̠ks̠cs̠cs̠cs̠cs̠cs̠cs̠cs̠cʃːʃːʃːʃːʃːʃː
75
76
g + a o ugggggggggggggggggggggg
77
g + a o u intervocalic
gggggggg
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
g,ɣ,∅
78
g + e iggggggggɟɟɟɟɟd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒd͡ʒ
79
glglglglglglglglglgjgjgjgjgjgjgjgjgjgjgjgjgjgj
80
d initialdddddddddddddddddddddd
81
d intervocalicddddddddd,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅d,∅
82
di + vowel med.didididididididid͡zd͡zd͡zd͡zd͡zd͡zd͡zd͡zd͡zd͡zd͡zd͡zd͡zd͡z
83
di + vowel init.didididididididiʒʒʒʒʒʒʒʒd͡ʒʒʒʒʒʒ
84
b initialbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbb
85
b intervocalicbbbbbbβ~ʋβ~ʋ
β~ʋ
β~ʋ
vvvvvvvvvvvv
86
87
qu + a o ukkkkkkkkkkkkkk
88
"
89
qu + e i
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
k~c
90
"
91
c + a o ukkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
92
c + a o u interv.kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkggggg
93
c + e ikkkkkkct͡ɕt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃt͡ʃ
94
"kct͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕt͡ɕ
95
"kcccccccccc
96
"kkkk
97
clklklklklklklklklkjkjkjkjkjkjkjkjkjkjkjkjkjkj
98
ttttttttttttttttttttttt
99
t intervocalictttttttttttttttttddddd
100
t+i + voweltitititititititit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡sit͡si
Loading...