Y-DNA Haplogroup A and its Subclades - 2019-2020
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Version History
Last revision date for this specific page: 1 October 2019
Because of continuing research, structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes, and will be updated when possible
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Listing Criteria
Papers/Presentations Cited
Y-DNA Tree Trunk
GlossarySNP Index
Copyright 2020, International Society of Genetic Genealogy.
All Rights Reserved.
Newly confirmed in 2019 within subclade
Confirmed within subclade
Investigational items
^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.
The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing done in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.
SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.
DID YOU NOTICE that the items in gray sometimes have a long name preceding their listing that is the same as just above?  In this situation, evidence seems to indicate they also seem to belong to the same subgroup, but some confirmatory evidence is not yet available.
Root (Y-Adam)
A0000A8864, A8865, A8866, A8867, A8868, A8869, A8870, A8871, A8872, A8873, A8874, A8875, A8876, A8877, A8878, A8879, A8880, A8881, A8882, A8883, A8884, A8885, A8886, A8887, A8888, A8889, A8890, A8891, A8892, A8893, A8894, A8895, A8896, A8897, A8898, A8899, A8900, A8901, A8902, A8903, A8904, A8905, A8906, A8907, A8908, A8909, A8910, A8911, A8912, A8913, A8914, A8915, A8916, A8917, A8918, A8919, A8920, A8921, A8922, A8923, A8924, A8925, A8926, A8927, A8928, A8929, A8930, A8931, A8932, A8933, A8934, A8935, A8936, A8937, A8938, A8939, A8940, A8941, A8942, A8943, A8944, A8945, A8946, A8947, A8948, A8949, A8950, A8951, A8952, A8953, A8954, A8955, A8956, A8957, A8958, A8959, A8960, A8961, A8962, A8963, A8964, A8965, A8966, A8967, A8968, A8969, A8970, A8971, A8972, A8973, A8974, A8975, A8976, A8977, A8978, A8979, A8980, A8981, A8982, A8983
A000-TA8835, A8836, A8837, A8838, A8845, A8846, A8848, A8852
A000A10805, A10807
A10765, A10767, A10810, A10822.2/M5550.2/PF1873.2, A10823
A00-TPR2921, A8833, A8841, A8843, A8849, A8853, A21321, A21322, A21323, A21324, A21325, A21326, A21327, A21328, A21329, A21330, A21331, A21332, A21333, A21334, A21335, A21336, A21337, A21338, A21339, A21340, A21341, A21342, A21343, A21344, A21345, A21346, A21347, A21348, A21349, A21350, A21351, A21352, A21353, A21354, A21499, A21500, A21501, A21502, A21503, A21504, A21505, A21506, A21507, A21508, A21509, A21510, A21511, A21512, A21513, A21514, A21515, A21516, A21517, A21518, A21519, A21520, A21521, A21522, A21523, A21524, A21525, A21526, A21527, A21528, A21529, A21530, A21531, A21532, A21533, A21534, A21535, A21537, A21538, A21539, A21540, A21541, A21542, A21543, A21544, A21545, A21546, A21547, A21548, A21549, A21550, A21551, A21552, A21553, A21554, A21555, A21556, A21557, A21558, A21559, A21560, A21739, A21740, A21741, A21742
A8834, A8839, A8842, A8844, A8847, A8851, A8854
just below--click on next line to see full contents-- special situation -scrollable at top
A00AF6/L1284, A1426/A2942/FGC33403, A2515/V1078, A2517, A2593/YP2465, A2595, A2596, A2597/YP2478, A2598/YP2480, A2604, A2605/YP2495, A2607/YP2513, A2608/YP2514, A2609, A2610/YP2516, A2615, A2618/YP2538, A2619, A2620/YP2544, A2625/YP2547, A2628/V1223/YP2563, A2630/V1305, A2631/V1306, A2632/YP2584, A2633/YP2585, A2634/YP2586, A2635/YP2587, A2637, A2639/V1593/YP2617, A2643/YP2646, A2644, A2647/YP2655, A2648/YP2656, A2649/V2103/YP2687, A2650/V2105/YP2688, A2651.2/V2236.2, A2652/V2237/YP2706, A2657/V2413, A2658/YP2726, A2664/YP2746, A2666/YP2777, A2667/YP2779, A2671/FGC31579, A2672/YP2800, A2675, A2676/YP2808, A2677, A2680, A2681, A2684, A2685, A2686, A2687, A2692, A2725/YP2833, A2728/YP2844, A2730, A2731, A2732/YP2851, A2733, A2737, A2738, A2739/YP2869, A2740/YP2874, A2741/YP2876, A2746/YP2882, A2747/YP2886, A2748, A2753/YP2893, A2759, A2760/V2662/YP2933, A2762/YP2957, A2763/V2857/YP2961, A2764/V2858/YP2962, A2768/YP2966, A2769/V2905, A2770/YP2981, A2771, A2772/YP2982, A2773, A2774, A2776/YP2984, A2777, A2778/YP2997, A2782/V3198/YP3024, A2783/V3199/YP3025, A2787/V3261, A2790, A2792/YP3069, A2796, A2799, A2802/YP3129, A2803, A2804/YP3149, A2805/YP3150, A2807/YP3154, A2808/YP3162, A2810/YP3178, A2811, A2812/YP3181, A2813/ZS3699, A2814/YP3185, A2815/YP3186, A2816, A2817/YP3187, A2818/YP3189, A2820, A2822/YP3198, A2824/YP3202, A2825/YP3210, A2826, Z2827, Z2828, A2829/YP3236, A2831/YP3262, A2833, A2834/BZ895, A2835/YP3277, A2837, A2838/YP3282, A2845, A2847/YP3310, A2848/YP3319, A2849/V3340/YP3323, A2850, A2851, A2853/V3556/YP3346, A2854/V3557/YP3347, A2856, A2857/YP3355, A2858/V3637/YP3356, A2860/YP3364, A2861, A2862/YP3371, A2863/YP3378, A2864/V3748/YP3380, A2865/V3749/YP3381, A2867/V3755/YP3382, A2869, A2871/V3925/YP3398, A2872/YP3400, A2874/YP3408, A2875/YP3409, A2877/YP3414, A2880/V4039, A2881/YP3424, A2885, A2886/YP3443, A2887/YP3444, A2892, A2893, A2907/YP3465, A2908/YP3467, A2910, A2911/YP3480, A2912/YP3481, A2913/YP3494, A2914, A2916/YP3508, A2917, A2918, A2919/YP3522, A2920, A2923/YP3542, A2924/YP3543, A2925/YP3548, A2926, A2927/YP3550, A2929/YP3551, A2930/YP3552, A2931/YP3553, A2933, A2938, A2945/YP3614, A2946, A2947, A2948/YP3615, A2951, A2953/YP3638, A2954/YP3639, A2955/YP3645, A2956/YP3649, A2957/YP3650, A2958, A2960, Z2962, A2964/YP3673, A2967, A2974/YP3706, A2975/YP3713, A2976/YP3714, A2977, A2978, A2982/YP3732, A2983/YP3736, A2988/YP3768, A2993/YP3784, A3024/YP3809, A3025/YP3810, A3027/YP3823, A3028, A3147/L1234/YP2262, A3149/YP2270, A3260/PH119/YP2464, A3262/YP2479, A3275/YP2570, A3277/V1430/YP2583, A3279/V1606, A3280/V1781/YP2653, A3281/YP2681, A3283/YP2743, A3284/YP2767, A3297/YP2783, A3300, A3341, A3353, A3366/YP2835, A3370, A3372, A3376/Y12784, A3379, A3383/V2789/YP2945, A3388/V2880/YP2967, A3398/V3244, A3399, A3402/YP3050, A3403/Y17290, A3404, A3406/YP3054, A3409, A3410, A3411/YP3124, A3412, A3413/YP3130, A3416/YP3151, A3417, A3418/YP3192, A3420/YP3200, A3422/YP3207, A3426, A3439/V3507, A3441/V3629, A3445/YP3377, A3448, A3450/V3926/YP3399, A3453, A3478, A3480, A3489/YP3590, A3491, A3503/YP3730, A3641, A3723/V1655/YP2630, A4451/YP3724, A4834, A4848/YP2527, A4849, A4850, A4856, A4857, A4858, A4859, A4862, A4863/V2542/YP2909, A4864, A4865/YP3052, A4866/YP3919, A4867, A4868/YP3212, A4869, A4870/YP3289, A4877, A4897, A4898/YP3584, A4899, A4946, AF4, AF5, AF7, AF8, AF9, AF10, AF13, F12634.2/FGC27193.2/V3788.2, F12847/FGC27387/YP3488, FGC11978/YP2539, FGC13215/YP1487, FGC24756, FGC24757/YP2263, FGC24758, FGC24759/V1028/YP2264, FGC24760/V1035, FGC24762/V1044/YP2265, FGC24765/YP2266, FGC24766/YP2267, FGC24768, FGC24770/YP2269, FGC24771, FGC24773/YP2271, FGC24774/V1088/YP2272, FGC24776/V1096, FGC24778/YP2273, FGC24779/YP2274, FGC24780, FGC24782/V1126, FGC24783/V1134/YP2275, FGC24785/YP2276, FGC24786/YP2277, FGC24788/V1140, FGC24789/YP2279, FGC24790/YP2280, FGC24791/V1157, FGC24819/YP2287, FGC25316/YP2451, FGC25353/YP1740, FGC25354/YP2460, FGC25355/Y18338, FGC25357.1/YP2462.1, FGC25359/YP2466, FGC25360/YP2467, FGC25362/YP2468, FGC25363/YP2469, FGC25365/YP2470, FGC25367/YP2471, FGC25368/YP2472, FGC25369, FGC25370, FGC25371/YP2473, FGC25372/YP2474, FGC25373, FGC25374/YP2475, FGC25375/YP2476, FGC25377/YP2477, FGC25380, FGC25382, FGC25383/YP2481, FGC25384, FGC25385, FGC25386/YP2482, FGC25387/YP2483, FGC25388/YP2484, FGC25390/YP2486, FGC25393, FGC25395/YP2489, FGC25396/YP2490, FGC25397/YP2491, FGC25398, FGC25399/YP2492, FGC25400/YP2493, FGC25402/YP2494, FGC25404/YP2496, FGC25405/YP2497, FGC25406, FGC25407, FGC25409/YP2498, FGC25410/YP2499, FGC25412/YP2500, FGC25413/YP2501, FGC25414/YP2502, FGC25415/YP2503, FGC25417/YP2505, FGC25419, FGC25421/YP2506, FGC25422/YP2507, FGC25423/YP2508, FGC25424/YP2509, FGC25425/YP2510, FGC25426, FGC25427/YP2511, FGC25428, FGC25432, FGC25433/YP2515, FGC25434, FGC25436, FGC25437/YP2517, FGC25438/YP2518, FGC25439/YP2519, FGC25441/YP2520, FGC25443, FGC25444/YP2521, FGC25445/YP2522, FGC25446/YP2523, FGC25447/YP2524, FGC25448, FGC25451, FGC25453, FGC25455, FGC25456/YP2525, FGC25459, FGC25461/YP2528, FGC25463/YP2529, FGC25466/YP2530, FGC25468, FGC25469, FGC25474/YP2533, FGC25475/YP2534, FGC25477/YP2536, FGC25478/YP2537, FGC25480, FGC25481, FGC25483/YP2540, FGC25484, FGC25485/YP2541, FGC25486, FGC25487/YP2542, FGC25489/YP2543, FGC25492, FGC25494, FGC25495/YP2545, FGC25496/YP2546, FGC25498/YP2548, FGC25508/YP2551, FGC25509/YP2552, FGC25510/YP2553, FGC25514/V1189/YP2556, FGC25517/YP2557, FGC25518/YP2558, FGC25526, FGC25527, FGC25528/V1279/YP2565, FGC25531/YP2566, FGC25534/V1301/YP2567, FGC25535/V1309/YP2568, FGC25537/YP2569, FGC25538, FGC25539/V1346, FGC25540/YP2571, FGC25542/YP2572, FGC25545, FGC25548/YP2575, FGC25549/YP2576, FGC25551, FGC25552/YP2577, FGC25554/YP2578, FGC25555/YP2579, FGC25558/YP2581, FGC25560, FGC25561/V1426/YP2582, FGC25564/V1436/YP2588, FGC25565, FGC25567/YP2589, FGC25568/YP2590, FGC25569, FGC25570/V1466/YP2591, FGC25572/YP2592, FGC25573/YP2593, FGC25575/V1483/YP2594, FGC25577/YP2595, FGC25579/YP2596, FGC25580/V1496/YP2597, FGC25581/YP2598, FGC25582/YP2599, FGC25584/V1510/YP2600, FGC25585/YP2601, FGC25586/V1512, FGC25587, FGC25589/V1513/YP2602, FGC25591/YP2603, FGC25592/V1523/YP2604, FGC25595, FGC25597/V1538/YP2606, FGC25599/YP2608, FGC25603/YP2609, FGC25605/YP2611, FGC25606, FGC25617/YP2613, FGC25618/V1567/YP2614, FGC25619/YP2615, FGC25621/YP2616, FGC25626, FGC25634/V1609/YP2621, FGC25638/V1616/YP2624, FGC25639/V1621/YP2625, FGC25642/V1624/YP2627, FGC25643/V1633/YP2628, FGC25648/YP1807, FGC25649/V1662/YP2631, FGC25652/YP2635, FGC25654/YP2637, FGC25657/YP2638, FGC25658, FGC25661/YP2639, FGC25662/YP2640, FGC25668/YP2645, FGC25669, FGC25670/YP2647, FGC25672/V1724/YP2648, FGC25673/V1748/YP2649, FGC25679, FGC25680/V1804/YP2657, FGC25681/YP2658, FGC25685/YP2661, FGC25686/YP2662, FGC25687/YP2663, FGC25691/V1823/YP2665, FGC25693/YP2666, FGC25694/YP2667, FGC25697/V1834/YP2668, FGC25698/YP2669, FGC25701/V1850/YP2672, FGC25702/V1859, FGC25703/V1875/YP2673, FGC25711/V1968, FGC25714/V1985/YP2678, FGC25715/V1987/YP2679, FGC25716/V1995/YP2680, FGC25726/V2095/YP2686, FGC25745/YP2700, FGC25747/V2192/YP2701, FGC25750/V2222/YP2704, FGC25755/V2243/YP2708, FGC25757/V2262/YP2709, FGC25765/YP2717, FGC25766/V2339/YP2718, FGC25768, FGC25769/V2369/YP2719, FGC25772/V2414/YP2721, FGC25773/V2421/YP2722, FGC25776/V2442/YP2724, FGC25782/V2456/YP2729, FGC25783/V2461/YP1838, FGC25786/V2476/YP2730, FGC25787/YP2731, FGC25788/YP1841, FGC25790/YP2733, FGC25798/YP2734, FGC25801/YP2736, FGC25805/YP2737, FGC25808, FGC25809/YP2739, FGC25810/YP2740, FGC25811/YP2741, FGC25820/YP2745, FGC25821, FGC25822/YP2747, FGC25827/YP2752, FGC25831, FGC25850/YP2766, FGC25851/YP2768, FGC25852/YP2769, FGC25861, FGC25862/YP2774, FGC25870, FGC25871/YP2775, FGC25873/YP2776, FGC25875/YP2778, FGC25876/YP2781, FGC25879/YP2782, FGC25880, FGC25882, FGC25883/YP2784, FGC25907, FGC25910, FGC25912/YP2793, FGC25913, FGC25922/YP2799, FGC25923, FGC25924, FGC25925/YP2801, FGC25927/YP2802, FGC25928, FGC25935/YP2806, FGC25936/YP2807, FGC25937, FGC25940/YP2809, FGC25941, FGC25942, FGC25948, FGC25958, FGC25959, FGC25964, FGC25965, FGC25966, FGC25969, FGC25971, FGC25972, FGC25993, FGC25994, FGC25998, FGC26004, FGC26006, FGC26008, FGC26009, FGC26012, FGC26084, FGC26102, FGC26103, FGC26148, FGC26178/YP2827, FGC26181, FGC26183/YP2829, FGC26184/YP2830, FGC26185/YP2831, FGC26186/YP2832, FGC26189.2/Z23518.2, FGC26190, FGC26191/YP2834, FGC26193, FGC26195/YP2837, FGC26196, FGC26199/YP2838, FGC26200/YP2839, FGC26202/YP2841, FGC26203, FGC26207/YP2842, FGC26209/YP2843, FGC26214, FGC26215, FGC26217, FGC26218/YP2845, FGC26219/YP2846, FGC26220, FGC26222, FGC26225, FGC26228/YP2849, FGC26229/YP2850, FGC26230/YP2852, FGC26231, FGC26232/YP2853, FGC26233, FGC26234/YP2854, FGC26236, FGC26239/YP2857, FGC26240/YP2858, FGC26241/YP2859, FGC26242/YP2860, FGC26243/YP2861, FGC26244/YP2862, FGC26247, FGC26248/YP2864, FGC26249/YP2865, FGC26250/YP2866, FGC26256, FGC26259, FGC26260/YP2868, FGC26261/YP2870, FGC26262/YP2871, FGC26263/YP2872, FGC26265/YP2873, FGC26268/YP2877, FGC26269, FGC26272, FGC26275/YP2880, FGC26278/YP2881, FGC26281, FGC26282/YP2883, FGC26283/YP2884, FGC26284, FGC26286/YP2888, FGC26288/YP2889, FGC26290, FGC26291/YP2890, FGC26294/YP2891, FGC26295/YP2892, FGC26296, FGC26305, FGC26307, FGC26308/YP2897, FGC26315/YP2901, FGC26316, FGC26319/YP2902, FGC26320/YP2903, FGC26321, FGC26322, FGC26324, FGC26326/YP2905, FGC26327/YP2906, FGC26328, FGC26331, FGC26332/V2516, FGC26333/YP2908, FGC26334/V2531, FGC26335/V2548/YP2910, FGC26336/YP2911, FGC26337/YP2912, FGC26340/YP2913, FGC26342/YP2914, FGC26344/V2559/YP2915, FGC26346/YP2917, FGC26347/YP2918, FGC26348, FGC26349/YP2919, FGC26350, FGC26351, FGC26352/YP2920, FGC26353/V2564/YP2921, FGC26354/YP2922, FGC26355/YP2923, FGC26357, FGC26358/YP2924, FGC26359, FGC26360/YP2925, FGC26361/YP2926, FGC26363/V2621/YP2927, FGC26365/V2624/YP2928, FGC26366/YP2929, FGC26367/V2627/YP2930, FGC26371/YP2932, FGC26372/V2655, FGC26376, FGC26377/V2686/YP2934, FGC26378/V2689/YP2935, FGC26379, FGC26380, FGC26381/V2698, FGC26382/YP2936, FGC26384/V2726/YP2937, FGC26385/V2735, FGC26386/YP2938, FGC26387/YP2939, FGC26388/YP2940, FGC26391/YP2941, FGC26392/YP2942, FGC26393, FGC26395/YP2943, FGC26396/V2781/YP2944, FGC26397, FGC26398/V2792, FGC26399, FGC26400/YP2946, FGC26401, FGC26402/V2808/YP2947, FGC26403/YP2948, FGC26404/YP2949, FGC26408, FGC26409/YP2950, FGC26412/YP2951, FGC26415/YP2953, FGC26416, FGC26418/YP2954, FGC26420/YP2955, FGC26421/YP2956, FGC26422, FGC26424/YP2958, FGC26425, FGC26426/YP2959, FGC26427, FGC26429, FGC26430/YP2960, FGC26440/V2863/YP2963, FGC26441, FGC26442, FGC26444/YP2964, FGC26446, FGC26447/YP2965, FGC26448, FGC26450/V2888/YP2968, FGC26451/YP2969, FGC26452/V2891/YP2970, FGC26454/V2899/YP2971, FGC26456/V2913/YP2972, FGC26457/YP2973, FGC26458/YP2974, FGC26459.1/V2922.1/YP2975.1/Z21469.1, FGC26460/YP2976, FGC26461/YP2977, FGC26463/YP2978, FGC26464, FGC26465/YP2979, FGC26466/YP2980, FGC26468/V2956/YP2983, FGC26469, FGC26473/YP2985, FGC26474/YP2986, FGC26475/V2978/YP2987, FGC26477/V2996/YP2988, FGC26479/V3016/YP2989, FGC26481/YP2990, FGC26482/YP2991, FGC26483/YP2992, FGC26486/YP2993, FGC26488/YP2994, FGC26489/V3049, FGC26491/YP2996, FGC26494, FGC26500/YP2999, FGC26503/YP3000, FGC26505/YP3001, FGC26506/YP3002, FGC26508/V3098, FGC26509, FGC26510/YP3004, FGC26511/YP3005, FGC26512/YP3006, FGC26515/YP3007, FGC26516/YP3008, FGC26517/YP3009, FGC26518/V3103/YP3010, FGC26519/YP3011, FGC26520/V3109/VP3012, FGC26521, FGC26522/YP3013, FGC26523/YP3014, FGC26524, FGC26525/V3116/YP3015, FGC26526/V3128/YP3016, FGC26527/YP3017, FGC26533/YP3018, FGC26534/V3136, FGC26538/V3143, FGC26540, FGC26544, FGC26545/V3173/YP3020, FGC26546/V3174/YP3021, FGC26550, FGC26552/V3191/YP3023, FGC26553, FGC26554/V3204/YP3026, FGC26558/YP3029, FGC26562/V3215/YP3031, FGC26563/V3223/YP3032, FGC26564/V3228/YP3033, FGC26565, FGC26566/YP3034, FGC26567, FGC26568/YP3035, FGC26569/YP3036, FGC26571/YP3037, FGC26572, FGC26573/YP3038, FGC26574/YP3039, FGC26575/YP3040, FGC26576, FGC26582/YP3041, FGC26584/YP3042, FGC26595/YP3048, FGC26596, FGC26598/YP3049, FGC26599, FGC26600, FGC26605/YP3051, FGC26607/YP3053, FGC26608/YP3055, FGC26611/YP3056, FGC26612/YP3057, FGC26617/YP3058, FGC26618/YP3059, FGC26621/YP3060, FGC26622, FGC26623/YP3061, FGC26625/YP3062, FGC26626, FGC26628/YP3063, FGC26630/YP3064, FGC26631/YP3065, FGC26636/YP3066, FGC26640/YP3067, FGC26641/YP3068, FGC26642, FGC26644/YP3070, FGC26647/YP3072, FGC26649/YP3073, FGC26650, FGC26651/YP3074, FGC26652/YP3075, FGC26654/YP3076, FGC26657/YP3077, FGC26658, FGC26659/YP3078, FGC26661/YP3079, FGC26662/YP3080, FGC26663, FGC26664/YP3081, FGC26665/YP3082, FGC26666, FGC26667/YP3083, FGC26668/YP3084, FGC26669/YP3085, FGC26671/YP3086, FGC26672, FGC26673/YP3087, FGC26676/YP3088, FGC26677/YP3089, FGC26678/YP3090, FGC26679/YP3091, FGC26680/YP3092, FGC26681, FGC26684/YP3093, FGC26685, FGC26686, FGC26687/YP3094, FGC26689, FGC26690/YP3095, FGC26691/YP3096, FGC26692/YP3097, FGC26693/YP3098, FGC26694/YP3099, FGC26695/YP3100, FGC26696/YP3101, FGC26702, FGC26703/YP3102, FGC26704, FGC26705, FGC26706, FGC26707, FGC26708, FGC26709/YP3103, FGC26710, FGC26711/YP3104, FGC26713/YP3105, FGC26714/YP3106, FGC26716/YP3107, FGC26719/YP3108, FGC26720/YP3109, FGC26721/YP3110, FGC26722/YP3111, FGC26724/YP3112, FGC26725, FGC26726/YP3113, FGC26727/YP3114, FGC26728/YP3115, FGC26729/YP3116, FGC26736/YP3120, FGC26739/YP3121, FGC26742, FGC26743/YP3122, FGC26744/YP3123, FGC26746, FGC26747/YP3125, FGC26749/YP3127, FGC26750/YP3128, FGC26751/YP3131, FGC26752/YP3132, FGC26753/YP3133, FGC26754/YP3134, FGC26755/YP3135, FGC26756/YP3136, FGC26758/YP3138, FGC26759/YP3139, FGC26761/YP3140, FGC26763/YP3141, FGC26764/YP3142, FGC26765, FGC26767/YP3143, FGC26768/YP3144, FGC26769/YP3145, FGC26770/YP3146, FGC26771/YP3147, FGC26772/YP3148, FGC26773, FGC26776, FGC26777, FGC26782/YP3152, FGC26788/YP3153, FGC26790, FGC26793/YP3156, FGC26794/YP3157, FGC26796/YP3158, FGC26797/YP3159, FGC26798/YP3160, FGC26799/YP3161, FGC26800/YP3164, FGC26801/YP3165, FGC26802/YP3166, FGC26803/YP3167, FGC26804/YP3168, FGC26805/YP3169, FGC26806/YP3170, FGC26807/YP3171, FGC26809/YP3172, FGC26810/YP3173, FGC26811/YP3174, FGC26813/YP3175, FGC26815, FGC26816/YP3176, FGC26819/YP3177, FGC26820, FGC26821/YP3179, FGC26822/YP3180, FGC26823/YP3182, FGC26824/YP3183, FGC26825/YP3184, FGC26828/YP3188, FGC26831/YP3190, FGC26834/YP3191, FGC26836/YP3193, FGC26837, FGC26839/YP3194, FGC26840/YP3195, FGC26842/YP3196, FGC26844, FGC26846/YP3199, FGC26851, FGC26853, FGC26855, FGC26856, FGC26857/YP3201, FGC26858, FGC26859, FGC26860/YP3203, FGC26862/YP3204, FGC26863, FGC26864/YP3205, FGC26865/YP3206, FGC26866, FGC26869/YP3208, FGC26870/YP3209, FGC26872/YP3211, FGC26873, FGC26874/YP3213, FGC26875, FGC26876/YP3214, FGC26877/YP3215, FGC26878/YP3216, FGC26879/YP3217, FGC26880, FGC26881/YP3218, FGC26883/YP3219, FGC26884, FGC26890/YP3220, FGC26899, FGC26901, FGC26902, FGC26903, FGC26904/YP3223, FGC26906/YP3224, FGC26907/YP3225, FGC26909, FGC26910/YP3226, FGC26912/YP3227, FGC26913/YP3228, FGC26914, FGC26915/YP3229, FGC26916/YP3230, FGC26919, FGC26920, FGC26922/YP3232, FGC26923/YP3233, FGC26924.1, FGC26926, FGC26927/YP3234, FGC26929/YP3235, FGC26931/YP3238, FGC26932/YP3239, FGC26933/YP3240, FGC26934/YP3241, FGC26937/YP3243, FGC26938/YP3244, FGC26940/YP3245, FGC26941, FGC26944, FGC26945/YP3246, FGC26946/YP3247, FGC26960, FGC26965/YP3255, FGC26967/YP3256, FGC26970/YP3257, FGC26972/YP3258, FGC26973/YP3259, FGC26975, FGC26981, FGC26983/YP3261, FGC26985, FGC26988/YP3265, FGC26989/YP3266, FGC26990/YP3267, FGC26991/YP3268, FGC26992/YP3269, FGC26993, FGC26994/YP3270, FGC26995, FGC26996/YP3271, FGC26997/YP3272, FGC26998/YP3273, FGC26999/YP3274, FGC27000/YP3275, FGC27002/YP3276, FGC27008/YP3278, FGC27009/YP3279, FGC27010/YP3280, FGC27011, FGC27012, FGC27014/YP3283, FGC27015/YP3284, FGC27016, FGC27019, FGC27020/YP3286, FGC27021/YP3287, FGC27022/YP3288, FGC27024/YP3290, FGC27026/YP3291, FGC27027/YP3293, FGC27028/YP3294, FGC27029, FGC27030, FGC27032/YP3295, FGC27033/YP3296, FGC27034/YP3297, FGC27036/YP3298, FGC27038, FGC27040, FGC27042, FGC27044, FGC27045/YP3299, FGC27048/YP3300, FGC27051/YP3302, FGC27052/YP3303, FGC27053/YP3304, FGC27054, FGC27055/YP3305, FGC27056/YP3306, FGC27057/YP3307, FGC27058/YP3308, FGC27061/YP3309, FGC27062, FGC27065, FGC27066/YP3311, FGC27068/YP3312, FGC27069, FGC27071/YP3313, FGC27072, FGC27073/V3291/YP3314, FGC27074/YP3315, FGC27075/V3294/YP3316, FGC27076/V3300/YP3317, FGC27078/YP3318, FGC27080/V3326/YP3321, FGC27082/V3336/YP3322, FGC27083/V3338, FGC27084/YP3324, FGC27085/YP3325, FGC27086, FGC27088/V3361, FGC27090/YP3326, FGC27091/V3366, FGC27092/V3372/YP3327, FGC27095, FGC27096/V3386/YP3328, FGC27097/V3397/YP3329, FGC27098/V3399, FGC27104/V3442/YP3332, FGC27105/V3444/YP3333, FGC27108/V3450, FGC27109/V3453/YP3334, FGC27111/YP3335, FGC27114/V3481/YP3336, FGC27117, FGC27119/YP3337, FGC27120, FGC27121/V3499/YP3338, FGC27122/V3501/YP3339, FGC27124, FGC27125/V3524/YP3340, FGC27126/V3527/YP3341, FGC27127/YP3342, FGC27128/V3539/YP3343, FGC27129/YP3344, FGC27130/V3550/YP3345, FGC27131/YP3348, FGC27132, FGC27133, FGC27135/YP3350, FGC27137/V3583, FGC27138/V3585/YP3351, FGC27139, FGC27140/YP3352, FGC27142/YP3353, FGC27143.1, FGC27144/YP3354, FGC27147/YP3357, FGC27148/YP3358, FGC27151, FGC27152/YP3359, FGC27154/V3659, FGC27156/YP3360, FGC27157/YP3361, FGC27158/V3684/YP3362, FGC27159/V3687/YP3363, FGC27163/YP3366, FGC27165/YP3367, FGC27166/V3699/YP3368, FGC27167/V3700, FGC27168, FGC27169, FGC27170/YP3369, FGC27171, FGC27172/YP3370, FGC27173/YP3372, FGC27174, FGC27175, FGC27176, FGC27177/YP3373, FGC27178/YP3374, FGC27179/YP3375, FGC27180/YP3376/Z26760, FGC27183/V3744/YP3379, FGC27184/V3761, FGC27187/V3768/YP3383, FGC27188/YP3384, FGC27192, FGC27194/V3792/YP3385, FGC27195/YP3386, FGC27196/V3793, FGC27197, FGC27199/YP3387, FGC27202/YP3388, FGC27204/YP3389, FGC27205/V3828/YP3390, FGC27207/YP3391, FGC27208/V3845/YP3392, FGC27209/V3847/YP3393, FGC27210/V3859/YP3394, FGC27211/V3864, FGC27213/V3874, FGC27216/YP3395, FGC27219/V3910/YP3396, FGC27221/YP3397, FGC27222/V3924, FGC27223/YP3401, FGC27224/YP3402, FGC27225, FGC27226/YP3403, FGC27227/YP3404, FGC27229, FGC27230/V3947/YP3405, FGC27231/YP3406, FGC27232/V3962, FGC27235/YP3407, FGC27237/V3995/YP3410, FGC27238/YP3411, FGC27239, FGC27240/V3996/YP3412, FGC27241, FGC27242/V4011/YP3413, FGC27245/V4028/YP3416, FGC27246/YP3418, FGC27248.1/YP3419.1, FGC27251/V4050, FGC27252/V4055/YP3420, FGC27253/YP3421, FGC27256, FGC27259/V4080/YP3422, FGC27260/V4084/YP3423, FGC27263/V4103/YP3425, FGC27264/V4107/YP3426, FGC27265, FGC27267/YP3428, FGC27270/YP3429, FGC27271/V4121/YP3430, FGC27273/YP3431, FGC27274/YP3432, FGC27275, FGC27276/V4134/YP3433, FGC27277, FGC27278/YP3434, FGC27279/V4144, FGC27280/V4148/YP3435, FGC27282/V4152/YP3437, FGC27283/V4154/YP3438, FGC27284/YP3439, FGC27285/YP3440, FGC27286/V4160/YP3441, FGC27287/V4161/YP3442, FGC27288, FGC27289/V4171, FGC27291/V4179, FGC27292/V4188, FGC27294/V4204, FGC27297/V4214, FGC27298/YP2129, FGC27306/V4217/YP3449, FGC27309, FGC27312/YP3451, FGC27322/YP3456, FGC27323, FGC27325/YP3458, FGC27327/YP3460, FGC27328, FGC27333/YP3461, FGC27334/YP3462, FGC27335, FGC27336/YP3463, FGC27340/YP3464, FGC27341, FGC27342/YP3466, FGC27343, FGC27346/YP3468, FGC27347/YP3469, FGC27350/YP3470, FGC27351, FGC27352, FGC27353, FGC27354/YP3471, FGC27356, FGC27359, FGC27362/YP3473, FGC27363/YP3474, FGC27364/YP3475, FGC27365/YP3476, FGC27366, FGC27367/YP3477, FGC27368/YP3478, FGC27369, FGC27370/YP3479, FGC27373/YP3482, FGC27374/YP3483, FGC27379/YP3484, FGC27380/YP3485, FGC27383, FGC27384/YP3486, FGC27386/YP3487, FGC27388/YP3489, FGC27389/YP3490, FGC27390/YP3491, FGC27391/YP3492, FGC27392, FGC27395/YP3493, FGC27396/YP3495, FGC27397, FGC27398, FGC27399/YP3496, FGC27400, FGC27405/YP3498, FGC27409/YP3499, FGC27411/YP3500, FGC27413/YP3501, FGC27414/YP3502, FGC27415/YP3503, FGC27416/YP3504, FGC27417/YP3505, FGC27418/YP3506, FGC27420/YP3507, FGC27421/YP3509, FGC27423, FGC27424/YP3511, FGC27425/YP3512, FGC27429/YP3516, FGC27430/YP3517, FGC27433/YP3519, FGC27435/YP3521, FGC27436/YP3523, FGC27437/YP3524, FGC27438, FGC27439/YP3525, FGC27440/YP3526, FGC27441/Y14320, FGC27442/YP3527, FGC27444/YP3528, FGC27445/YP3529, FGC27446/YP3530, FGC27447/YP3531, FGC27449/YP3532, FGC27467, FGC27468, FGC27470, FGC27471, FGC27472, FGC27474, FGC27478/YP3539, FGC27479/YP3540, FGC27480/YP3541, FGC27483/YP3544, FGC27484/YP3545, FGC27487, FGC27488, FGC27490, FGC27491/YP3546, FGC27492/YP3547, FGC27494, FGC27498, FGC27500/YP3549, FGC27503/YP3554, FGC27505, FGC27508/YP3556, FGC27509/YP3557, FGC27510/YP3558, FGC27511/YP3559, FGC27512/YP3560, FGC27513/YP3561, FGC27516, FGC27517/YP3562, FGC27520/YP3563, FGC27521/YP3564, FGC27522/YP3565, FGC27523/YP3566, FGC27524, FGC27526, FGC27529/YP3567, FGC27530, FGC27531/YP3568, FGC27532, FGC27533/YP3569, FGC27534/YP3570, FGC27535/YP3571, FGC27536/YP3572, FGC27545/YP3573, FGC27546, FGC27547/YP3574, FGC27548/YP3575, FGC27549, FGC27550/YP3576, FGC27551, FGC27552, FGC27553, FGC27554/YP3577, FGC27561/YP3580, FGC27562/YP3581, FGC27563/YP3582, FGC27564/YP3583, FGC27565, FGC27566, FGC27567, FGC27568/YP3585, FGC27569/YP3586, FGC27570/YP3587, FGC27571, FGC27572/YP3588, FGC27573/YP3589, FGC27577, FGC27580/YP3591, FGC27581, FGC27584, FGC27585, FGC27591/YP3593, FGC27592/YP3594, FGC27594, FGC27595/YP3595, FGC27596/YP3596, FGC27597/YP3597, FGC27598/YP3598, FGC27688/YP3605, FGC27689/Y3608, FGC27696/YP3608, FGC27697/YP3609, FGC27699/YP3610, FGC27700/YP3611, FGC27701/YP3612, FGC27702/YP3613, FGC27703, FGC27705/YP3616, FGC27707/YP3617, FGC27708, FGC27709/YP3618, FGC27711/YP3619, FGC27712/YP3620, FGC27713/YP3621, FGC27715, FGC27716, FGC27717/YP3622, FGC27719/YP3624, FGC27720, FGC27726, FGC27727/YP3627, FGC27729/YP3628, FGC27731/YP3629, FGC27732/YP3630, FGC27735/YP3631, FGC27737, FGC27739/YP3632, FGC27740, FGC27745/YP3634, FGC27746/YP3635, FGC27747/YP3636, FGC27748/YP3637, FGC27749/YP3640, FGC27750/YP3641, FGC27751/YP3642, FGC27754, FGC27755/YP3643, FGC27756, FGC27757/YP3644, FGC27758/YP3646, FGC27759/YP3647, FGC27760/YP3648, FGC27761, FGC27762, FGC27763, FGC27765, FGC27766/YP3651, FGC27767/YP3652, FGC27768/YP3653, FGC27770/YP3654, FGC27772/YP3655, FGC27775/YP3656, FGC27779/YP3659, FGC27780, FGC27781/YP3660, FGC27783/YP3661, FGC27786, FGC27787, FGC27789, FGC27790/YP3662, FGC27796/YP3664, FGC27797/YP3665, FGC27798/YP3667, FGC27799/YP3668, FGC27800/YP3669, FGC27801/YP3670, FGC27805/YP3672, FGC27806/YP3674, FGC27807/YP3675, FGC27808/YP3676, FGC27809/YP3677, FGC27810, FGC27812, FGC27817, FGC27819/YP3680, FGC27821/YP3681, FGC27822/YP3682, FGC27825/YP3684, FGC27827/YP3685, FGC27828/YP3686, FGC27830, FGC27831, FGC27832/YP3687, FGC27833/YP3688, FGC27835/YP3689, FGC27836/YP3690, FGC27837, FGC27838/YP3691, FGC27840/Y17293, FGC27841/YP2228, FGC27842/YP3693, FGC27843, FGC27865/YP2229, FGC27867/YP3708, FGC27874, FGC27875/YP3712, FGC27876/YP3715, FGC27876/YP3715, FGC27877/YP3716, FGC27879/YP3717, FGC27880/YP3718, FGC27881/YP3719, FGC27882, FGC27885/YP3720, FGC27887/YP3721, FGC27888, FGC27889, FGC27890/YP3722, FGC27891, FGC27892/YP3723, FGC27893, FGC27895, FGC27897, FGC27898, FGC27899, FGC27900/YP3725, FGC27901/YP3726, FGC27902/YP3727, FGC27903, FGC27904, FGC27905, FGC27906/YP3728, FGC27907, FGC27908, FGC27909/YP3729, FGC27911/YP3733, FGC27912/YP3734, FGC27914, FGC27915/YP3735, FGC27919/YP3737, FGC27920/YP3738, FGC27923/YP3739, FGC27925/YP3740, FGC27926/YP3741, FGC27927/YP3742, FGC27928/YP3743, FGC27935/YP3749, FGC27938/YP3751, FGC27939, FGC27940, FGC27941/YP3752, FGC27953, FGC27963/YP2250, FGC27973/YP3767, FGC27975, FGC27983/YP3771, FGC27984/YP3773, FGC27985, FGC27986/YP3774, FGC27991, FGC27992, FGC28000/YP3782, FGC28001/YP3783, FGC28003, FGC28004/YP3785, FGC28007, FGC28008/YP3787, FGC28013/YP3788, FGC28014/YP3789, FGC28015/YP3790, FGC28016/YP3791, FGC28017/YP3792, FGC28019, FGC28068/YP3803, FGC28070/YP3804, FGC28073, FGC28077, FGC28078, FGC28079, FGC28080, FGC28081/YP3811, FGC28083/YP3813, FGC28100, FGC28103/YP3826, FGC28109/YP3830, FGC28113/YP3832, FGC28115/YP3834, FGC28119, FGC28121, FGC28122/YP3838, L1086, L1087/V1143, L1088, L1096, L1097, L1102, L1103, L1104, L1106/V1329, L1107/V1342, L1108/V1381, L1109/V1490, L1110, L1111/V1767, L1113, L1114, L1117, L1119, L1122, L1126, L1131, L1133, L1134, L1138, L1139/V3736, L1141, L1144, L1146, L1147, L1148, L1151, L1152, L1154, L1156, L1157, L1158, L1159, L1160, L1161, L1233, L1236, YP3417
L1149, FGC25576, FGC26292, FGC26293, FGC27741
A4987/YP3666, A4981, A4982/YP2683, A4984/YP2995, A4985/YP3292, A4986, A4988/YP3731
A12222, A12220, A12221
A0-TL1085, AF3, L1089, L1090, L1093, L1095, L1098, L1099, L1101, L1105, L1116, L1118, L1120, L1121, L1123, L1124, L1125, L1127, L1128, L1129, L1130, L1132, L1135, L1136, L1137, L1142, L1143, L1145, L1150, L1155, L1235
A0CTS2809.1/L991.1, L529.2, L896, L982, L984, L990, L993, L995, L997, L998, L999, L1000, L1001, L1006, L1008, L1010, L1012, L1016, L1018, L1055, V148, V149, V154, V165, V166, V172, V173, V176, V177, V190, V196, V223, V225, V229, V233, V239
L979, L980, L987, L996, L1011, L1015, L1017
A0a1L1070, L1072, L1073, L1075, L1076, L1078, L1079, L1080, L1081, L1082, V150, V153, V157, V158, V159, V162, V164, V170
P114, V151, V152, V161.1, V169, V181, V195
L981, L983, L988, L994, L1007, L1014, V203
A0bL92.2, L1035, L1036, L1037, L1038, L1039, L1040, L1041, L1042, L1043, L1044, L1045, L1046, L1047, L1048, L1049, L1050, L1051, L1052, L1054, L1056, L1057, L1058
P305, L985, L986, L1002, L1003, L1004, L1005, L1084, L1112, L1153, V161.2, V168, V171, V174, V238, V241, V250
M31, P82, V4, V14, V15, V25, V26, V28, V30, V40, V48, V57, V58, V63, V191, V201, V204, V215
A1a~V53, V214, V236
A1bP108, L989, L1009, L1013, L1053, V221, V1820, V2590, V3785, V4072.1, V4076, Y8278, Y8281, Y8282, Y8283, Y8284, Y8285, Y8287, Y8289, Y8291, Y8294, Y8295, Y8296, Y8297, Y8298, Y8300, Y8302, Y8303, Y9448^^, Y10840^^, Y10848^^, Y10856^^, Y10860, Y10863, Y10864, Y10870^^, Y10877, Z11900, Z17899, Z17900
L602, V50, V82, V198, V224
A1b1a1M14, M23, L968/M29/P3/PN3, M71, M135, M141, M206, M276/P247, M277/P248, MEH1, P4, P5, P36.1, Page71, Page87, Page95
A1b1a1~V139.1, V141
M6, M49/Page41, M196
A1b1a1a2aM114, M212
A1b1a1a2a1a~PF3627.1/V218.1, V60, V61, V70, V72, V79, V80, V81, V180, V188, V192, V200, V228, V242
A1b1a1a2b~L949, L950, L951, L952, L954, L955, L956, L958, L959, L961, L964, L965, L966, L973, L974, L975, L976, Page52.3
L600, L601, L603
L427, L430, M144, M190/Page35/PF1373, M220, M305/Page17, P289/PF1372, Page50, PF1365/V160
M51/Page42, M229/V3004, M239/Page89, P71, P100
M13/PF1374, M63/PF1079, M127, M202, M219
A1b1b2b~L411/PF11, L412, L414, L420, L421.1, L422, L423.1/:1449.1, L424, L425, L426, L428, L429, L436/PF962, L437/PF965, L439, L441/PF1287, L442/PF1300, Page53, Page77/PF1364/V10
A1b1b2b2~M9462/PF1361/V1, PF1358/V193, PF1362/V156, PF1363/V155, M9531/PF1366/V230, PF1367/V243, PF1368/V194, PF1369/V51, PF1370/V66, PF1371/V56
V89/PF1359, V98
BTM91, L413/PF1409/V31, L418, L438, L440, L604/PF1243, L962, L969, L1060/PF1021, L1061/PF1101, L1062/PF302, L1071/M8945, L1220/M9212, M42, M94, M139, M251/M9122, M299, M8947, M8949, M8951, M8952, M8953/PF1405/V216, M8954, M8955, M8956, M8957, M8958, M8959, M8961, M8967, M8968, M8969/PF1407/V21, M8970, M8971, M8972, M8973, M8976, M8977, M8979, M8980, M8983, M8986, M8988, M8993, M8994, M8995, M8997, M8999, M9000, M9001, M9003, M9004, M9005, M9006, M9008, M9009, M9010, M9011, M9015, M9016, M9017, M9019, M9020, M9021, M9025, M9026, M9027, M9028, M9030, M9031, M9032, M9034, M9036, M9037, M9038, M9039, M9041, M9042, M9045, M9046, M9054, M9056, M9057, M9064, M9065, M9066, M9075, M9076, M9079, M9080, M9081, M9083, M9086, M9087, M9089, M9094, M9095, M9097, M9098, M9099, M9100, M9103, M9105, M9109, M9110, M9111, M9112, M9113, M9114, M9115, M9116, M9117, M9118/Page81, M9121, M9123, M9124, M9125, M9126, M9128, M9129, M9130, M9131, M9133, M9135, M9136, M9138, M9139, M9140, M9141, M9142, M9143, M9145, M9146, M9148, M9151, M9152, M9156, M9157, M9159, M9162, M9163, M9165, M9166, M9169, M9173, M9174/S1572, M9176, M9177, M9178, M9179, M9180, M9182, M9187, M9188, M9189, M9192, M9193, M9194.3, M9195, M9196, M9197, M9198, M9199, M9200, M9202, M9204, M9209, M9210, M9213, M9214, M9215, M9216, M9217, M9218, M9219, M9220, M9221, M9223, M9225, M9226, M9227, M9228, M9230, M9231, M9235, M9237, M9238, M9239, M9240, M9242, M9244, M9245, M9246, M9248, M9249, M9251, M9252, M9253, M9254, M9255, M9257, M9258, M9260, M9261, M9262, M9263, M9265, M9266, M9267, M9269, M9271, M9277, M9278/PF969, M9280, M9282, M9283, M9284, M9285, M9286, M9287, M9288/PF985/V3998, M9289, M9290, M9291, M9292, M9293, M9295, M9296, M9298/Z12093/V3998, M9300, M9301, M9302, M9303, M9310, M9311, M9312, M9315, M9316, M9317, M9318, M9319, M9321, M9322, M9323, M9325, M9326, M9327, M9328, M9331, M9334, M9335, M9336/Page26, M9338, M9340, M9341, M9343, M9344, M9346, M9347, M9348, M9349, M9352, M9353, M9356, M9357, M9359, M9360, M9361, M9362, M9365, M9366, M9367, M9368, M9369, M9370, M9372, M9373, M9374, M9376, M9378, M9379, M9380, M9387, M9389, M9390, M9393, M9394, M9396, M9397, M9398, M9405, M9406, M9408, M9410, M9417, M9425, M11760, P97, PF713, PF1096, PF1403/V187, PF1404/V202, PF1408/V29, PF1410/V235, PF1411/V59, PF1412/V64, SRY10831.1, Y8310, Y8311, Y8314, Y8316, Y8319, Y8320, Y8322, Y8323, Y8325, Y8488, Y8489, Y9422, Y10888, Z12129, Z17365, Z17366, Z17371, Z17372, Z17373, Z17385, Z17388, Z17389, Z17390, Z40372, Z40373, Z40374, Z40375, Z40376, Z40377, Z40378, Z40379, Z40380, Z40381, Z40382, Z40383, Z40384, Z40385, Z40386, Z40387, Z40388, Z40389, Z40390, Z40391, Z40392, Z40393, Z40394, Z40395, Z40396, Z40397, Z40398, Z40399, Z40400, Z40401, Z40402, Z40403, Z40404, Z40405, Z40406, Z40407, Z40408, Z40409, Z40410, Z40411, Z40412, Z40413
Identical SNPs that were discovered separately are listed in alphabetical order, not necessarily in the order of discovery,
and separated by "/". Examples: M29/P3/PN3, M276/P247 and M277/P248.
PK1 (formerly A2) and M63 (formerly A3b2) were removed from the tree due to the uncertainty of their placement.
A0 is being used to emphasize that this constitutes a haplogroup distinct from A1 and downstream clades, although for practical reasons,
the letter A will still be used in its name, following the precedent of the addition of L0 and its subclades to the mtDNA phylogenetic tree. Listed 15 February 2012.
There is some uncertainty about the position of M14, M29/P3/PN3, M71, M135, M141, M206, M276/P247, M277/P248, MEH1, P4, P5,
P36.1, Page71, Page87, and Page95, since although they have been considered equivalent to M23 in the past, they have not yet been tested
in the A2* sample in which V50, V82, etc, are derived and M23 is ancestral. Listed 15 February 2012.
BT is shown on this tree, though it is not considered to be a part of Haplogroup A, in order to make it clear that, as a sibling clade
with A1b1 and A1b2, BT and all other haplogroups are downstream of A1b. Listed 15 February 2012.
The naming conventions of the subclades at the beginning of the tree come from the supplement to Mendez et al (2013). Listed 5 March 2013.