*for contemporary, brief biographies, see the appendix in the participant packet for the Anglo-American Seminar on the Teaching of English
birth/death dates
Professional fieldAffiliation at the time (1966)NotesWork they've published or are known for
Last available contact information; if deceased, contact info for last educational affiliation
Relevant links (obituaries, etc.)
David AbercrombieBritish1909-1992PhoneticsProfessor of Phonetics, University of EdinburghAbercrombie was a phonetician with expansive knowledge on the history of phoenetics; he was also interested in poetry and consulted with poets. He spent time as a Censor during World World II. Assistant Lecturer in English London School of Economics (LSE) 1934-38, Director of Studies Institute of English Studies Athens 1938-40, Lecturer in English Cairo University 1940-45, LSE 1945-47, Lecturer in Phonetics Leeds University 1947-48, Edinburgh University 1948-51, Senior Lecturer 1951-57, Reader 1957-63, Professor of Phonetics 1964-80 (Emeritus 1980-92), Lecturer in Linguistics and Phonetics Glasgow University 1980-81. (From obituary in The Independent, of General Phonetics (1967)Obituary:
Anthony Lloyd Evan AdamsBritish1933-2008Modern literature; history of criticism; theory
of English teaching practice
Head of English Department, Churchfields Comprehensive SchoolAdams went to Christ’s College Cambridge, Director of Studies in Education at Trinity Hall Cambridge and a member of Wolfson College. Published over 100 books and articles and was working on a book on English and digital technologies at the time of his death. (From obituary in Christ's College Magazine, 2009, p. 96): )"Team Teaching and the Teaching of English" (1970)Obit from Christ's College with brief bio (page 96):
George Cameron AllenBritishEducation; English; educational and cultural interchangeProfessor of Education, University of SussexAllen was educated at Trinity College Oxford, Western Reserve Ohio, and Harvard. Was a member of HM Inspectorate beginning 1937, became Staff Inspector for English in 1948, Cultural Advisor in Germany 1951-1954. Had visited Project English curriculum study centers in Oregon, Pittsburgh, Nebraska, prior to attending Dartmouth. "The American Project English" was published in Trends in Education, and provided a good summary of Project English, plus a possible application to the UK context. Also mentions that connections between the UK and US are forming. "The American Project English," Trends in Education, p 34-38.
J. Jeffrey AuerAmerican1913-1999Speech, theatreChairman and Professor, Department of Speech and Theatre, Indiana University
Auer was born in Aurora, Illinois, graduated from Wabash College in 1934 with a B.A. in speech and history. University of Wisconsin MA in political science in 1935 and PhD in speech in 1947. Chairman of the Department of Speech and Theatre at Indiana University in 1958-1971, then chairman of the Department of Speech Communication 1971-78. Retired in 1983. Upon his retirement, Indiana University established the annual J. Jeffery Auer Lecture in Public Communication. Auer was inducted into the Indiana Academy in 1997. He served as president and executive vice president of the Speech Association of America, President of the Indiana Speech Association, and Editor of Communication Monographs and World Communication. He wrote 11 books and numerous articles. Included in his publications are Speech Communication and Essays on Teaching Speech in the High School. (From the finding aid at Indiana University Archives:"The Psychology of Communication" (1963); "Discussion and Debate" (1951); "Handbook for Discussion Leaders" (1954)Finding aid at Indiana University Archives:
Douglas BarnesBritish?? (currently living in London)Classroom methods in the teaching of English, especially the role of talk in teachingProfessor of Education, University of Leeds; member of LATEDoug Barnes was one of the original UK organizers of the Dartmouth Seminar, and his wife Dorothy also may have attended parts of it. Very influential teacher and researcher in primary education, particularly in the UK. Book published in 2008 inspired by his work on talk, especially in From Communication to Curriculum. "During his time at the University of Leeds he set out to investigate what role spoken and written language can, at best, play in young people's learning in school. Later on, he came to define the relationship between teachers and learners less in terms of language and more as the kinds of access to the processes of learning that teachers made possible." (Exploring Talk in School: Inspired by the work of Douglas Barnes, eds. Mercer and Hodgkinson). Featured in Medway, et al., English teachers in Postwar Democracy. Collaborated on teaching with his wife Dorothy Barnes, who was also present at the Dartmouth Seminar. Twentieth Century Short Stories, "Short Stories of Our Time", "Biggles and the Adult World" in Young Writers, Young Readers; "Exploring Talk for Learning", "The language of the secondary classroom" (1969), "From Communication to Curriculum" (1976), "Transmission and interpretation" (1974), "Why talk is important" (2010): (John Hardcastle has said I would contact him)Exploring Talk in School: Inspired by the work of Douglas Barnes, eds. Mercer and Hodgkinson,; Notes from a talk he gave in 2014:
Wayne C. BoothAmerican1921-2005English, literary criticismDean of the College and George M. Pullman Professor of English, University of Chicago. His career at U Chicago spanned 30 years: 1962-1992, when he retired as professor emeritus.Wayne Booth spent most of his career at University of Chicago, as Dean of the College and George M. Pullman Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in English. Was a prominent literary critic. Published the influentialThe Rhetoric of Fiction in 1961, a combination of technical and ethical analysis that remains important to narrative theory today. Bill Brown, current Chair of Chicago's English Department, described The Rhetoric of Fiction as "the single most important American contribution to narrative theory—a book that continues to be read, taught, and fought about. In person and in print, Wayne Booth demonstrated how significant the act of literary analysis could and should be." ( Prior to U Chicago, Booth taught at Haverford College in Pennsylvania and Earlham College in Indiana. He attended Brigham Young University in Salt Lake City, Utah (B.A., 1944), and the University of Chicago (M.A., 1947; Ph.D., 1950). Served in WWII with Harold Rosen."The Rhetoric of Fiction" (1961)
From Encyclopedia Britannica: "In his influential first book, The Rhetoric of Fiction (1961; rev. ed., 1983), Booth presented a detailed examination of narrative technique and introduced such terms as “implied author” and “reliable narrator.” In 1974 he produced Modern Dogma and the Rhetoric of Assent, a plea for reasoned assent in the educational community that was prompted by events on the Chicago campus. The Company We Keep (1988) offers a discussion of the place of ethics in literary criticism. In addition to writing further works of criticism, Booth cofounded (1974) and coedited from 1974 to 1985 the quarterly Critical Inquiry. His other books include Now Don’t Try to Reason with Me: Essays and Ironies for a Credulous Age (1970), A Rhetoric of Irony (1974), Critical Understanding: The Powers and Limits of Pluralism (1979), The Vocation of a Teacher (1988), and The Rhetoric of Rhetoric (2004)." (
He also wrote an autobiography at the end of his life, My Many Selves (Utah State, 2006), which does not mention the Dartmouth Seminar:
Wikipedia page:; obituary:
James Nimmo BrittonBritish1908-1994EducationLecturer and head of English department, Institute of Education, London UniversityJimmy Britton was an influential educationalist on both sides of the Atlantic, and collaborated with many Americans through the National Writing Project and Bread Loaf School of English in years after Dartmouth. Nancy Martin and Harold Rosen were lifelong friends and collaborators as well. Britton distinguished himself as a fighter pilot for the Royal Air Force in WWII.
From obituary in The Independent (see links): James Nimmo Britton, educationalist: born Scarborough, Yorkshire 5 May 1908; teacher, Harrow Weald County Grammar School 1933-38; Educational Editor, John Murray 1938-53; Senior Lecturer / Head of English Department, Institute of Education, London University 1954-70, Goldsmiths' Professor of Education 1970-75; Director, Schools Council Project on Writing 11-18 1966-72; member, Committee of Inquiry into Reading and the Use of English 1972-74; books include Language and Learning 1972, Prospect and Retrospect 1982, Literature in its Place 1993.
On English Teaching as a Profession, with Nancy Martin: ; Also see Bibliography on Wikipedia page (link is under 'Relevant Links')Obituary:; Wikipedia page:
Dwight L. BurtonAmerican1922-1995English educationAssistant Dean, chair of English Department, Florida State UniversityNot listed in Dixon's list in Growth through English, but is listed in the Seminar Packet."Literature Study in the High Schools" (1964), "Teaching English Today" (1975); Death Record: (most likely the same person, last residence and age of death match)
Frederic CassidyJamaican/American1907-2000English language and linguisticsProfessor of English, University of Wisconsin at Madison; Chief Editor of the Dictionary of American Regional EnglishFred Cassidy was a University of Wisconsin faculty member, a linguist who worked on the Dictionary of Regional English (DARE). DARE colleague Joan Hall notes that he was born in Jamaica to a Jamaican mother and Canadian father, and the Jamaican mother was of Portuguese ancestry.Dictionary of American Regional English - project that spanned over multiple decades; had published work on Jamaican English and dialect prior to Dartmouth.Wikipedia page:; obituary DARE page on him: Joan Hall's tribute: An oral history interview from 1985, at the UW-Madison (thanks to Dorell Thomas for this link)
Merron ChornyCanadian1922 - 2006(?)Asst Prof of English Education, University of Calgary; chairman on the Standing Committee on the Formation of a Canadian Council of Teachers of EnglishMerron Chorney was the only Canadian representative, later led the International Steering Committee that was launched with the leftover $10,000 from the Carnegie Grant that supported the Dartmouth Seminar. Began his career as a high school principal; after serving in WWII and getting his PhD, he helped to lead and organize English teaching in Canada. Became President of the Canadian Council of Teachers of English in 1967. Was a flying officer in the Royal Canadian Air Force during WWII.Editor of The English Teacher. Edited volumes of Teacher as Researcher and Teacher as Learner from a 1985 conference at University of Calgary.Archives held at University of Calgary, where he spent most of his career. Biographical history available in the archives listing:
Bernice Marks ChristensonAmerican1918 -?Curriculum Supervisor - Elementary English, Los Angeles City SchoolsBernice Christenson had worked at the state level in California and NCTE on dialect. Part of the NCTE "Task Force on English Programs for the Culturally Disadvantaged" in 1965. Curricular materialsArticle from USC News from 2013:
Hall of Fame inductee at Moorhead High School, MN:
Benjamin DeMottAmerican1924-2005English, cultural studiesProfessor of English, Amherst CollegeBenjamin DeMott was a member of Amherst College faculty 1951 until retirement in 1990. From his obituary:
DeMott was a widely respected literary critic and social commentator. He was the author of more than a dozen books, including The Imperial Middle: Why Americans Can’t Think Straight About Class; The Trouble with Friendship: Why Americans Can’t Think Straight About Race; and Killer Woman Blues: Why Americans Can’t Think Straight About Gender and Power. He was also a frequent essayist for popular publications, including The Atlantic and Harper’s. In May, the New York Review of Books published an essay he had written on “Reclaiming the Game: College Sports and Educational Values.”
“Ben was an English teacher who was perpetually critical of what he thought of as going on in most English classes,” William H. Pritchard ’53, the Henry Clay Folger Professor of English, told the Boston Globe. “He was interested in popular culture before it became ‘cultural studies.’”
"The Imperial Middle: Why Americans Can't Think Straight about Class" (1990), "The Trouble with Friendship: Why American's Can't Think Straight about Race" (1995), "Killer Woman Blues: Why Americans Can't Think Straight about Gender" (2000).Wikipedia page: ; obituary/memorial page:
John DixonBritish1927 -- (currently living in London)high school English, assessement, curriculumSenior Lecturer, Bretton Hall College of Education (eventually became part of the University of Leeds); on NATE Executive CommitteeJohn Dixon was selected to write the UK/professional book on Dartmouth Seminar, Growth through English. By his own account, his invitation: "As an elected member of NATE Executive, (newly formed in 1964) I was known for two things: a) a pioneering course, ‘Reflections’, published in 1963 by OUP, produced by my English dept. at Walworth Comprehensive School (in Inner-city London) – with literary extracts, documentary material and media references, photographs and artists drawings; and b) writing up NATE’s recent survey of new 16+ exams and courses. My name was second string to Stuart Hall’s, but he was engrossed in setting up the new Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies with Richard Hoggart (who also couldn’t come.)" (email to Annette Vee, 6/25/20)Growth Through English (1967) and Growth Through English: Set in the Perspective of the Seventies (1975), books reporting on the Dartmouth Seminar and widely read and circulated. Has conducted many interviews and written several reflections on the Dartmouth Seminar.Notes about emails exchanged with Peter Medway in 2012, in Medway, et al English Teachers in a Postwar Democracy, Palgrave 2014, Review of his "Imaginative Encounters with Life" (1979) that was written in 2014.; "Growth Through English" (1967) based on Dartmouth.; something he wrote in 2010:; link to an article that he wrote in 2003 that might provide more info about him, but for the moment is inaccessible:;dn=853618772218297;res=IELHSS
Wallace W. DouglasAmerican1914-1995Literary criticism, teaching of compositionProfessor of English and Education, Director of English Curriculum Study Center,
Northwestern University
Wallace Warner Douglas was born on December 10, 1914, in Chicago, Illinois. He received his B.A. from Colgate (1936), M.A. from University of Chicago (1937), and his Ph.D. from Harvard (1946). He came to Northwestern University as an instructor in English in September, 1945. He was promoted to assistant professor in 1948, associate professor, 1955, and professor, 1964. Douglas became emeritus in 1980. Much of his work, especially in later years, was involved with composition. Before coming to Northwestern, Douglas was a teaching assistant at Indiana University, 1937-1940, and an instructor at Williams College from June 1942 to October 1944. From 1940 to 1942 and late 1944 to June 1945, he was working toward his doctoral degree at Harvard. In 1951-1952 he had an American Council of Learned Societies fellowship to study modern anthropologic theories that had influenced current theories about the nature and purpose of literature. Douglas had two Guggenheim Foundation fellowships: 1953-1954, to study Wordsworth, and 1972-1973 to study the history of the teaching of English composition in the United States. Douglas was active in several organizations, especially the National Council of Teachers of English and the Modern Language Association. (From the directory of his papers, see links.) He directed the 1974 dissertation of Martin Nystrand at Northwestern, "A Philosophical Analysis of the Question, ‘What Is English?’"Directory of his papers:
Arthur M. EastmanAmerican1919-1997Undergraduate teaching, Shakespeare, 18th centuryProfessor of English, University of MichiganEastman graduated from Oberlin College and earned his Ph.D. at Yale in 1947.
From his obituary (see links): His distinguished career included teaching at the University of Michigan and chairing the English Departments of Carnegie-Mellon University in Pittsburgh, PA., and Virginia Tech in Blacksburg, VA. He won the Hopwood Teaching Award at Michigan. He was the inventor and principal editor for 8 editions of the Norton Reader, a widely used college textbook. He co-edited the Norton Anthology of Poetry and the Masterpeices of the Drama. He also published other works on Shakespeare, teaching and administration.
"Masterpieces of the Drama" (1957), "Shakespeare's Critics" (1964), "The Norton Reader" (1965)
John Hurt FisherAmerican1919-2015Medieval literatureExecutive Secretary, MLA, and Professor of English, New York UniversityFisher was a medievalist and the MLA representative at Dartmouth Seminar.
From Wikipedia page (see links):
He taught English many places over his career, and was instrumental in forming the Association of Departments of English. His faculty appointments include: University of Pennsylvania (1942–45); New York University (1945–55, 1962–72); Duke University (1955–60); Indiana University (1960–62). From 1972 to 1988 he was the John C. Hodges Professor of English at the University of Tennessee (1972–88), and was the head of their English Department from 1976 to 1978. He was a visiting professor at New York University in 1990 and at University of Texas at San Antonio in 1996. He was involved in medieval professional organizations such as the New Chaucer Society, which he co-founded. Joseph Trahern edited a Festschrift in his honor, Standardizing English: Essays in the History of the English Language in Honor of John Hurt Fisher (University of Tennessee Press, 1989).

Wikipedia page:; (rather brief) obituary:
Boris FordBritish1917-1998EducationDean of the School of Educational Studies, University of SussexFord was an educationist and writer born in colonial India during WWI. As Chairman of the National Association of Teachers of English at the time of the Seminar, he was influential in chosing delegates. He was involved in early conversations with Kitzhaber about English curriculum between the UK and US. He was Professor of Education and Director of the Institute of Education, Sheffield University 1960-63; Professor of Education, Sussex University 1963-73, Dean, School of Cultural and Community Studies 1963-71; Professor of Education, Bristol University 1973-82 (Emeritus)."The New Pelican Guide to English Literature" volumes 1-9; "Medieval Literature: Chaucer and the alliterative tradition: with an anthology of Medieval poems and drama "(1982)Wikipedia page:; obituary:
W. Nelson FrancisAmerican1910-2002Linguistics, EnglishProfessor of Linguistics and English, Brown UniversityFrancis was a linguist who worked with English and American dialects. He graduated from University of Pennsylvania and began teaching English at Franklin & Marshall College, where he became chair in 1958. His first book, The Structure of American English, was published in 1958. He also published an edition of the 14th-century Book of Vices and Virtues for the Early English Text Society. He did field research in Norfolk, England (1956-7) for the Survey of English Dialects, which was being compiled at the University of Leeds. In 1962, he joined the faculty of Brown University as a professor of Linguistics and English. His 1963 textbook, The English Language: An Introduction became a popular textbook. He worked on a (controversial) joint language project between Brown University and Tougaloo College, 1964-1968. The project applied linguistic principles in a syllabus of Standard American English for African-American freshmen at Tougaloo College. He was chair of the linguistics department at Brown 1968-1976. While he officially retired at that time with the title of Emeritus Professor, he continued to teach historical and comparative linguistics and advise students. In 1987, he was appointed chair of Brown's newly established Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences. He taught his last course at Brown in 1990. (From Wikipedia page, see links.) He married Nearlene Bertin, whom he met at the Dartmouth Seminar (see Introduction)."The Structure of American English" (1958), "Structural Linguistics and the Teaching of English" (1961); The English language: An introduction. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. Inc. (1963); Dialectology: An introduction. London and New York: Longman Group, Ltd. (1983);
Brown-Tougaloo language project (1965-1968)
Wikipedia page:; obituary:
Brown-Tougaloo Language Project:
Alfred H. GrommonAmerican1911-2001American literatureProfessor of Education and English, Stanford UniversityGrommon grew up in Utica, New York and he earned all of his academic degrees at Cornell University: A.B. in English (1933), M.A. in American Literature (1940), and Ph.D. in American Literature (1943). He began his teaching career in upstate New York and married a fellow-teacher, Helen McCurdy. His memorial states, "Throughout their long life together they shared strong interests in American history and literature. While serving as chairman of the English Department at Ithaca High School and completing his doctoral dissertation on the poet James Russell Lowell, Alfred Grommon was also an instructor at Cornell in the English Department and the School of Education. Thus, he embarked on a distinguished career of more than thirty years in which he focused on improving the quality of preparation of teachers of English for both the secondary and collegiate levels. In 1945 he was named Assistant Professor of Education and English at Stanford. The joint appointment resulted from the desire of both units to improve the way in which future teachers of English were prepared for their profession. In his early years at Stanford, besides teaching and supervising student teaching in the School of Education, he taught freshman writing as well as courses in nineteenth-century American literature for the Department of English. From 1948 to 1950 he also served as the university's Director of Undergraduate Admissions. Then, for six years, until 1956, he directed the Stanford Freshman English Program, while still continuing to offer his other courses in literature and education." (From memorial, see links.) "The Education of Teachers of English for American Schools and Colleges" (1963)Memorial:
Denys W. HardingBritish1906-1993Psychology, literary criticismProfessor of Psychology, University of LondonHarding was a psychologist and critic. He worked as Investigator and Member or Research Staff National Institute of Industrial Psychology 1928-33; Assistant (later Lecturer) in Social Psychology, LSE 1933- 38; Senior Lecturer in Psychology, Liverpool University 1938-45; part-time Lecturer in Psychology, Manchester University 1940-41, 1944-45; Professor of Psychology, Bedford College, London 1945-68, Emeritus 1968-93. (From obituary, see links.)"Social Psychology and Individual Values" (1953), "Experience into Words" (1963)Obituary:
Barbara HardyBritish1924-2016LiteratureProfessor of English Language & Literature and Head of the Department, Royal Holloway College, University of LondonHardy was influential as a literary critic, both at the Dartmouth Seminar and beyond. She was Assistant Lecturer, Lecturer, and Reader-Elect when Geoffrey Tillotson (distinguished for work in Eighteenth-Century Poetry and
Nineteenth-Century Literature, and a poet) chaired the department of English; subsequently Professor of English at Royal Holloway, but taught most of her career at Birkbeck. She taught and lectured in France, Italy, Germany, Scandinavia, Russia, Japan and the USA. (From the obituary, see links.) Late in her life, she wrote a roman a clef about a young Welsh woman who had an affair.
"The Novels of George Eliot, a Study in Form" (1959), "The Appropriate Form, an Essay on the Novel" (1964)Profile on Birkbeck University of London Department of English website: Obituary in The Guardian:
David HolbrookBritish1923-2011Creative writingAuthorHolbrook was a communist with elite training and by most accounts, abrasive. He published 21 works of literary and music criticism, including studies of Dylan Thomas, Sylvia Plath, CS Lewis, Charles Dickens, Lewis Carroll and on Mahler’s Ninth Symphony; nine influential tomes on education; seven books of psycho-social and philosophical criticism; and 10 volumes of anthology. He also published some 10 semi-autobiographical novels, and seven volumes of intensely personal poetry."English for Maturity" (1961) "Imaginings" (1961)Wikipedia page:; obituary:
Arthur E. JensenAmerican1903-1998English literature of the 19th centuryProfessor of English, Dartmouth CollegeJensen grew up in Massachussets and went to Phillips Academy, in Andover, Mass. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa, and received his master's degree from Brown University. He received a doctorate in English from the University of Edinburgh in 1933. He began teaching at University of Maine and then came to Dartmouth's English department in 1937. Jensen served as chair of Dartmouth's English department and dean of the faculty under President John Sloan Dickey. (From obituary, see links.) Jensen was the local arrangements chair for the Dartmouth Seminar.Book reviews in New York Times and Boston Herald, journal articlesObituary from Dartmouth News:
Esmor A. R. JonesBritish1923-?Teaching of EnglishHonorary Secretary, NATE; Head of English, Ashmead SchoolQuoted in Kitzhaber's opening "What is English" that "Literature is, after all, the heart of our work""Examining English - A Survey of the General Certificate at Ordinary Levels"; "American Short Stories of Today" (1988); "British Short Stories of Today" (1987); "Milton" (1977)
Albert R. KitzhaberAmerican1915-2006Rhetoric, curriculum reform, freshman EnglishProfessor of English, University of OregonKitzhaber was the chair of the Conference on College Composition and Communication in 1959. In the early 1960s, he conducted a major study of what was actually being done in college courses in Freshman English. Sponsored by the Carnegie Foundation and published as Themes, Theories and Therapy: The Teaching of Writing in College (1963), Kitzhaber's study made twenty-one recommendations for improving the way writing was taught in college. He advocated for those recommendations as president of the National Council of Teachers of English in 1964 and on national panels and committees. Kitzhaber was also an architect of what became known as The New English. In the late 1950s, he directed a study of the curriculum in the Portland city schools, setting the stage for the inclusion of English in the post-Sputnik educational reforms. He and others obtained federal funding for Project English, which established a dozen curriculum research centers around the country. Kitzhaber directed the center at the University of Oregon and led the research and production of teaching materials, textbooks, and films. He was also one of the organizers and speakers at the 1966 Anglo-American Seminaron the Teaching of English at DartmouthCollege, where he argued that the study of English should be language-focused, student-centered, and grounded in research. (From Oregon Encyclopedia profile, see links.) "Rhetoric in American Colleges 1850-1900" (1990), "Themes, Theories and Therapy: The Teaching of Writing in College" (1963), "Education for College: Improving the High School Curriculum" (1961)Profile from Oregon Encylopedia:
Robert Julien LacampagneAmericanEnglish for the disadvantaged student; English curriculum on the secondary school level; psychology of learningDirector of Special Projects and Achievement, NCTE"Language Programs for the Disadvantaged" (1965), "High School English Departments: Their Organization, Administration, and Supervision" (1965), "Turning Point" (1970), "High School English Instruction Today" (1968)
Albert "Cap" LavinAmerican1921-2013Literary criticism, philosophy, rhetoricSupervisor of English, and Teacher of Advanced Placement English and Humanities,
Tamalpais High School District
Lavin founded the Bay Area Writing Project at the University of California at Berkeley and wrote 19 books on English and teaching. He played basketball for the University of San Francisco in the 1950s, won contests for it, and taught Robin Williams to shoot hoops for the actor's role in the 1996 movie "Jack." (From obituary, see links.)"Action! an Anthology of Writing About Sports" (1970)Obit:
Evan Glyn LewisBritish1910- ??Linguistics; psychology of language; teaching of English as a second language; bilingual educationH.M. Staff Inspector, Department of Education and Science, LondonFormer Chairman of University of Wales Graduate Philosophical Association"Multilingualism in Africa" (1965), "Bilingualism in Education", "The Teaching of English as a Foreign Language in Ten Countries (International studies in evaluation)" (1975), "Bilingualism and Bilingual Education" (1981)
Walter D. LobanAmerican1912-1992Teaching of English, linguistics, literary criticismAssociate Professor of Education, University of California at BerkeleyLoban grew up in South Dakota, attended South Dakota State College and received a B.A. in English from the University of Minnesota in 1933. He attended summer school at the University of Chicago, receiving an M.A. in English in 1937. He taught public high school in Minnesota (1933-1936), then served as chairman of the English Department at University High School at the University of Minnesota (1936-1939). He became Professor of English at Northwestern University (1939-1942) He served in WWII in the Navy as a gunnery officer and achieved the rank of Lieutenant Commander. Afterward, he completed the Ph.D. at the University of Minnesota in 1949, specializing in education in English language and literature. He started at UC-Berkeley in 1950 in the Graduate School of Education and stayed until retirement in 1979. Loban studied children's linguistic development from Kindergarten through secondary and post-secondary years. As his profile describes, "his research sought to determine predictable stages of growth in language, to identify definite sequences in the development of language, and to discover how children vary in language ability and gain proficiency in using it." (From University of California-Berkeley profile, see links.)
"Language Development: Kindergarten through Grade Twelve" (1976), "Literature and Social Sensitivity" (1954), "The Teaching of Language and Literature" (1961), "The Language of Elementary School Children" (1963), "Problems in Oral English" (1966), "Adventures in Literature" (1968), "Adventures in Appreciation" (1970)Profile from University of California:;NAAN=13030&doc.view=frames&
David D. MackayBritishPrimary education; the teaching and acquisition of
literacy; language learning and its relationship
to creativity
Nuffield Research Fellow, University College, LondonMain and Primary Committees, London Association of Teachers of English"Programme in Literacy Teaching"
Albert H. MarckwardtAmerican1903-1975History and structure of the English language; dialect
geography;American English; application of linguis-
tics to teaching English as a native language, as a
foreign language, and to the teaching of foreign
Professor of English and Linguistics, Princeton University; Chairman of NCTEMarckwardt directed the Seminar and was a linguist. He taught at Princeton, but was a lifelong Michiganer, born in Grand Rapids and retired to Ann Arbor. He earned Phi Beta Kappa honors and the B.A. from the University of Michigan in 1925. He taught high school in two Michigan towns -- in Wakefield, in the upper peninsula, and in Grand Rapids. He completed the M.A. in 1928, and the Ph.D. in 1932, both at the University of Michigan, and taught there 1928-1963. He wrote Introduction to the English Language (1942), Laurence Nowell's Vocabularum Saxonicum (1952), Linguistics and the Teaching of English (1966) the widely-used Scribner Handbook of English (1940, 1948, and 1960). He served as First Vice President and President-elect, NCTE President, Linguistic Society of America, 1962 President, American Dialect Society, 1962-64 Chairman, Advisory Panel on English Teaching, U.S.I.A. Vice Chairman, Board of Directors, American Council of Learned Societies, 1961-64. "Facts About Current English Usage", "Scribner Handbook of English", "Introduction to the English Language", "American English", "A Common Language"Memorial from the University of Michigan:
James E. Miller, Jr.American1920-2010American literatureProfessor of English, University of Chicago; Editor, College English.Miller grew up in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and graduated Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Oklahoma in 1942. He was proud of his Oklahoma roots in the Great Depression, and would sometimes sing union songs and Dust Bowl blues in class. He served as a cryptographer for the U.S. Army during World War II, where he met his wife. After the war, he enrolled at the University of Chicago on the G.I. Bill, receiving his master's degree in 1947 and Ph.D. in American literature in 1949. He was a professor at the University of Nebraska English Department and became department chair in 1962. He returned to the UChicago faculty in 1962, served as chair of English from 1978 to 1984 and retired in 1990. His work on Walt Whitman won various awards, and he also studied Herman Melville, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Henry James, T. S. Eliot and J.D. Salinger. He served as Editor of College English, (1960-1966) and Director, Commission on Literature, NCTE. (From UChicago News article, see links.)Text series: "Dimensions of Poetry; Dimensions of the Short Story", "Myth and Method: Modern Theories of Fiction" (1960), "Start with the Sun: Studies in Cosmic Poetry" (1960), "Reader's Guide to Herman Melville" (1962), "Walt Whitman" (1963), "Start with the Sun: Studies in the Whitman Tradition (1963); "A Critical Guide to Leaves of Grass" (1950); two-volume Heritage of American Literature, published in 1991Wikipedia page:; obit in UChicago News:
James P. MoffettAmerican1929-1996Language curriculum; psycholinguistics; dramatic and
fictional technique; developmental psychology
Research Associate in English, Harvard Graduate School of EducationMoffett was influential in at Dartmouth for his student-centered ideas of teaching. He taught at Phillips Exeter Academy 1955–1965; Harvard University 1965–1968; and also University of California at Berkeley and Middlebury College. He was editor of text series Interaction (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1973), recipient of the Distinguished Author Award from the California Association of Teachers of English (1982), recipient of the NCTE David H. Russell Award for Distinguished Research in the Teaching of English (1992).
"Student-Centered Language Arts: K–12" (1968), "Teaching the Universe of Discourse" (1968), "Interaction" (1973), "Active Voice: A Writing Program across the Curriculum" (1981)Notes about his major works:; appreciation piece:; brief bio:
Herbert J. MullerAmerican1905-1980World history; modern literature; intellectual and cultural history; tragedyDistinguished Service Professor of English and Government, Indiana UniversityMuller was appointed to be the writer of the general audience report from the Seminar, released as Uses of English: A Blueprint for a New Direction in the Teaching of English in Anglo-American Countries (the title echoed Muller's other popular work, The Uses of the Past). He was an American historian, academic, government official and author. He was educated at Cornell University and taught at Cornell, Purdue and Indiana University (1959-1980), served in the Department of State, the War Production Board, and frequently lectured abroad. He is the author of "The Uses of the Past", a largescale history, which focused on Rome & Greece, Christianity & Judaism, the Byzantine empire, the Middle Ages, and Russia & China (from Wikipedia). Along with many other notable historians and scholars in 1973, he was a co-signer on the Humanist Manifesto II, which called for a focus on humanism to balance and temper technology, science and other developments. "The Uses of the Past" (1954) "Spirit of Tragedy" (1956) "The Loom of History" (1950), "Issues of Freedom" (1960), "Freedom in the Ancient World" (1961), "Freedom in the Modern World" (1963), "The Uses of English," "The Uses of the Past: Profiles of Former Societies" (1952), "Freedom in the Ancient World" (1961), "Adlai Stevenson: A Study in Values" (1967)Wikipedia page:
Charles MuscatineAmerican1920-2010Medieval Literature and culture; literary criticism
Professor of English, University
of California, Berkeley
Charles Muscatine was a medievalist and Chaucer scholar. He was also an educational reformer and defender of free speech. He was perhaps the only tenured professor at Berkeley not to sign the non-Communist oath in the 1950s (according to Paul Olson), and was also involved in free speech activism at Berkeley in the 1960s. He published on Chaucer, and was also strongly committed to undergraduate teaching, developing introductory courses, and curricular reform. "Form, Texture, and Meaning in Chaucer's Knight's Tale," MLA, 64 (1950) Chaucer and the French Tradition: A Study in Style and Meaning (1957), "The Book of Geoffrey Chaucer" (1963), "The Impact of Technology on Teaching:The Case for Teachers", "In Proceedings of the University of California Nineteenth All-University Faculty Conference" (1964), "Chaucer in an Age of Criticism," Modern Language Quarterly, 25 (1964)
"The Borzoi College Reader" (1966), "Education at Berkeley: Report of the Select Committee on Education" (1966), “Fixing College Education: A New Curriculum for the 21st Century” (University of Virginia Press, 2009)
Wikipedia page:, obit:
Paul A. OlsonAmerican1932- (currently living in Lincoln, Nebraska)Medieval iconology and genre theory; Chaucer; modern
Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations; curricular development and scholarship
Professor of English, Nebraska UniversityPaul Olson attended Bethany College, in Lindsborg, Kansas, where he earned his B.A. in 1951. His education continued at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, where he earned his M.A. in 1953. From here, Paul enrolled as a doctoral student at Princeton, and in 1957, he was awarded a Ph.D. After graduating from Princeton in 1957, he returned to UNL as an Assistant Professor where he worked for 55 years before retiring in December of 2005. His tenure at UNL encompassed a variety of scholarly work and community activism that will be examined in more depth in the following pages of this dissertation. A brief outline of this work follows to provide the reader with necessary context to understand the scope of Paul’s diverse career. In 1961, with funding from a Woods foundation grant, Paul worked with educators from across Nebraska to develop curricula which reflected the unique local cultures of students in his state. In 1967, Paul was asked by the United States Office of Education to head up a project aimed at the reform English studies in public schools as well as teacher training programs. Paul formed the Tri-University Project that continued the work he had been doing locally, in Nebraska. This work then led directly to his participation in the Training the Teachers of Teachers (TTT) project that ended in 1971. From 1971-1976 Paul headed another federally funded research project called the Study Commission on Undergraduate Education and the Education of Teachers. This commission’s work is described in a three reports developed by the participants: Education for 1984 and After (1972), The Future: Create or Inherit (1974), and Teacher Education in the United States (1976). (From dissertation written on him in 2007, see links.)Uses of Myth, which he edited for NCTE, 1968. Editor, "Regents Critics Series The Arts of Language"; "A Curriculum for English"; Articles on Shakespeare, Vaughan, Gothic architecture, medieval exegesis, Provencal romance, Chaucer, trans-formational grammar, Ezra Pound, symbolism, and the teaching of literature; Link to a whole dissertation about his work written in 2007 :
Wayne A. O'NeilAmerican1931 - 2020 LinguisticsAssociate Professor of Education and Linguistics, Harvard UniversityWayne O'Neil was a linguist and an MIT faculty member for more than 50 years. He was the most outspoken critic of the Dartmouth Seminar (see his 1969 Conference Report and 2007 article on Project English). O’Neil served as chair of the literature faculty at MIT from 1969 to 1975, chair of the linguistics program from 1986 to 1997, and head of the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy from 1989 to 1997. From 1996 to 2002, he also co-directed the MIT-Japan Science and Technology Mind Articulation Project. Prior to coming to MIT, O’Neil taught at Harvard University, the University of Oregon, and Duke University. (From MIT obituary, see links.) An "ascerbic review of Dartmouth" (so called by Joseph Harris), "Kernals and Transformations" (1965), "Faroese Vowel Morphophenomics" (1965) ; (617) 253-2557; brief article about a visit to a Chinese university:
William Wallace RobsonBritish1923-1993Nineteenth and twentieth century literature; critical theoryFellow of Lincoln College, University of OxfordWilliam Wallace Robson was a literature scholar, at Oxford the time of Dartmouth. Lecturer, Lincoln College, Oxford 1946-48, Fellow 1948-70; Professor of English, Sussex University 1970-72; Masson Professor of English Literature, Edinburgh University 1972-90 (Emeritus) (From obituary, see links)"Critical Essays" (1966), "The Defence of Literature" (1982), "Modern English Literature" (1970), "A Prologue to English Literature" (1986)Obit:
Connie Ruby RosenBritish1919 - 1976Primary education, in particular the teaching of English. Lecturer in Education, Goldswiths College, University of London; member of LATEConnie Rosen taught at primary school for most of her career. She was an organizer and powerful force, one of the only women who spoke up much at the conference, part of LATE in the UK, an expert in language and teaching in the primary schools. Had taught at Harvey Road Primary School, Croxley Green, near Watford in Hertfordshire. Was manoevered in to Dartmouth to block someone else, through LATE. (From personal correspondence.)Articles in "Use of English", "Froebel Bulletin", Chapter in "English versus Examination"; responded critically to the British Plowden Report in 1967 about the dangers of dividing up subjects. The Language of Primary School Children, by Connie Rosen and Harold Rosen (1973) was widely read and used in the UK. Response to Plowden Report (1967): Photograph:
Harold RosenBritish1919-2008Primary education, worked with James Britton and Nancy Martin. Lecturer in Education at the University of London School of Education; member of LATEHarold Rosen as invited to be a participant to come along with Connie Rosen, his wife. Harold had met Connie very young, when they were involved in radical East End Communist politics. Harold taught English at the school where James Britton was Head of Department - he knew Britton well. Harold had been born in the US, and was drafted in WWII, where he served with Wayne Booth in the education corps in Germany. His son Michael's middle name is Wayne, after Booth. Michael is a supporter of progressive politics and a very popular children's author in the UK. (From Wikipedia and personal correspondence.)The Language of Primary School Children, by Connie Rosen and Harold Rosen (1973) was widely read and used in the UK. ; See the special issue of Changing English 16.1, Ed. Jane Miller, 2009, upon his passing:
John McHardy SinclairBritish/Scottish1933-2007English linguistics and stylistics, general linguisticsProfessor of Modern English Language, The University of BirminghamSinclair was Birmingham University's professor of modern English language (1965-2000). His fields: discourse analysis, lexicography, corpus linguistics, wrote books on language and linguistics. He went to George Heriot's school in Edinburgh, and took a first in English language and literature at Edinburgh University. John was Scottish and proud of it. (From obituary, see links)"Towards the Analysis of Discourse" (1975), "Corpus, Concordance, Collocation" (1991), "Reading Concordances" (2003)Wikipedia page:; obit:
James R. SquireAmerican1922-2003English educationExecutive Secretary, NCTE, and Professor of English, University of IllinoisJim Squire was widely admired personally and professionally in English teaching and was one of the primary organizers of the Dartmouth Seminar. He had a bachelor's degree in English from Pomona College (1953), PhD in English from the University of California at Berkeley (1956). He also had taught English for a number of years in the Oakland, California, school system and had begun supervising student teachers for UC Berkeley, where he was to become a few years later the associate director of teacher education. (From article, see links.) Squire was an lively, affable person who helped to bridge the gap between the British and the Americans at Dartmouth. "The Teaching of English" (1977), "Teaching the English Language Arts in California Secondary Schools" (1957), "Practices in the Teaching of Composition in California
High School" (1958)
Article about The James R. Squire Office of Policy Research, named in his honor:
Barbara M. H. StrangBritish1925-1982Structure and history of English; general linguistics; 17th and 18th century English, urban dialectsProfessor of English Language and General Linguistics, University of Newcastle upon TyneBarbara Strang was Associate Secretary and Honorary Secretary of the Linguistics Association, Council of the Philological Society, Schools Council English Subject Committee and its Examinations Sub-Committee"A History of English" (1970), "Modern English Structure" (1962), "Theory and Practice in Morpheme Identification", "Proceedings of the IXth International Congress of Linguistics" (1964)
Michael F. ShugrueAmerican1934-2010The teaching of English in the secondary school; teaching of composition, 18th century British literatureAssistant Secretary of English, MLAMichael Shugrue came to Dartmouth as a representative of MLA. He was listed as a consultant in Muller's Uses of English but a participant in the seminar participant packet.
From obit (see links): Educated University of Nebraska (BA 1956) and Duke University (MA 1957, Ph.D. 1960). First Director of English Programs for the Modern Language Association of America (1965-1974) before joining The College of Staten Island, CUNY, as Dean of Faculty, Academic Vice President, and Professor of English. Author and editor of more than a dozen volumes in English studies.
"The Essay" (1981), "Conscious Reader", "The Recruiting Officer" (Editor), "La Vie de Marianne" (Editor), "New Research in the Teaching of English," PMLA "Promising Practices in the Teaching of English" (Editor) "Classroom Practices in Teaching English" (Editor)Obit:
Geoffrey SummerfieldBritish1931-1991The teaching of English in primary and secondary schools; educational values, especially intellect and creativity; preparation of a definitive edition of the poetry of John ClareLecturer in Education, University of YorkSummerfield was interested in creativity and imagination in teaching and literature. From his obituary: "Much of his work as educator and writer was devoted to sustaining a case for the nurture of imaginative awareness in children and young people. Summerfield was a scholarship boy at Wednesbury High School for Boys, and from there he went to honours in English at Queen Mary College, London, in 1952. After service as an education officer in the Royal Air Force he took a post graduate certificate at Birmingham where he won the Elizabeth Cadbury prize as the outstanding student of his year, and from 1957 onwards he pursued a varied career as schoolteacher and lecturer in colleges of education. From 1965 to 1979 he was senior lecturer in the department of Education and English at the University of York. During this period, Summerfield published works in which theory and practice complemented each other. On the one hand, in editing such books as English in Practice (1971) he helped to show a way forward for those who wished to free the curriculum from "flaccid pieties". He also helped to edit a selection of Matthew Arnold's writings on education." (From obit, see links.)"The Later Poems of John Clare" (1964), "John Clare:The Shepherd's Calendar" (1964), "Martin's Life of Clare" (1964),
"Topics in English for the Secondary Schools" (1965), "English in Practice" (1971), "Fantasy and Reason" 9(1984)
Judith Summerfield, his widow, is a Pitt alum and accessible.Page that contains info from obit:
Denys ThompsonBritish1907-1988Teaching of English to ages 11-19; teaching of
Editor, "The Use of English"Denys Thompson was one of the UK "Leavisites," he later edited a volume on FR and Queenie Leavis. John Dixon noted that he contributed substantively to discussion at Dartmouth in the Response to Literature group."Reading and Discrimination" (1934), "Culture and Environment" (a collaboration with FR Leavis), "Voice of Civilization", "Discrimination and Popular Culture", "Between the Lines"
Frank WhiteheadBritishThe teaching of English in secondary schools; the poetry of George Crabbe and his contemporaries;
advertising and its influence on contemporary culture; children's reading; the influence of
Senior Lecturer in English University of Sheffield Institute of LondonAt the time of Dartmouth, Frank Whitehead had recently written The Disappearing Dias, which argued for the use of imaginative exercises and the use of drama in English, and which Kitzhaber quoted in his opening paper, "What is English?" Was one of the dominant speakers at Dartmouth.
Reed WhittemoreAmerican1919-2012Poetry, modern literatures, the teaching of writingProfessor of English, Carleton CollegeReed Whittemore was a poet, literary theorist and teacher. He attended Phillips Academy and received a Bachelor of Arts from Yale University in 1941. As a sophomore at Yale, he and his roommate James Angleton started a literary magazine called Furioso which became one of the most famous "little magazines" of its day and published many notable poets including Ezra Pound and William Carlos Williams. Served in the army. Published a volume of poetry in 1946. From 1947 to 1966, he was a professor of English at Carleton College. He taught at the University of Maryland College Park until 1984. Whittemore was Poet Laureate of Maryland and twice served as Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress. His poetry is notable for its wry and deflating humor. He is the recipient of the National Council on the Arts Award for lifelong contribution to American Letters and the Award of Merit Medal from the American Academy of Arts and Letters. (From Wikipedia page, see links.)Heroes & Heroines (1946)
An American 'Takes A Walk (1956)
The Self-Made Man (1959) The Boy From Iowa (1962) The Fascination of the Abomination (1963); His book The Mother's Breast and the Father's House was a finalist for the National Book Award for poetry. Memoir: Against The Grain: The Literary Life of a Poet, with an introduction by Garrison Keillor (2007).
Wikipedia page:
Miriam E. WiltAmerican1909-1995Elementary EnglishProfessor of Early Childhood and Elementary Education, Temple UniversityMiriam Wilt was in the Education School at Penn State in the 1950s; Researched children listening in classrooms, and what teachers expected regarding listening. Consonant with the Dartmouth discussions, she published an article in 1967 against grouping in reading instruction, arguing that it was responding to the rapid growth in students and had become an inflexible "prison" for students who carried the group designation throughout their schooling. Creativity in the Elementary School (1959); A Study of Teacher Awareness of Listening as a Factor in Elementary Education (Journal of Education Research, 1950, pp. 626-636); Using the Implications of Linguistics to Improve the Teaching of the English Language Arts in the Elementary' School; "Teaching Listening," Children in the Language Arts; "Organizing for Language Learning," The National Elementary Principal (1965); Grouping for Reading or Reading Instruction (1967)On Listening in the classroom (1950): ; Against ability grouping in elementary reading instruction: