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NOTE: This is a community page, assembled by volunteer scientists. Findings listed here are not official conclusions regarding the cause or motive for any problems documented.This page is initiated by D. Bolnick at the suggestion of J. Saltz, and has been populated and edited by a large team of co-authors, collaborators, and concerned volunteersReformatted by a community member 2/11/2020
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StatusData sourceData anomaliesRetraction status
(if applicable)
Status notesCitationJournalYearType of paperLink to paperDOI URLPMIDLink to dataWho provided the data, if any?Have the data been checked for implausible patterns? (when, by whom)Have the data been judged to be valid and reliable? (when, by whom, link to explanation if suitable)Is there a public concern about the data? If so, provide a link:Completed Retraction?Retraction statement linkReason for retractionRetraction requested by authors? (yes/no; date)Additional comments:Row edited by (please list your name and email)
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DoneCollected by PruittAnomalies foundRetractedRETRACTEDLaskowski, K.L, and J.N. Pruitt, Evidence of social niche construction: persistent and repeated social interactions generate stronger personalities in a social spider. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 281:Proc R Soc B2014Empiricalhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2013.3166
http://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.3166
Jonathan PruittYes. Kate Laskowski, Niels Dingemanse, Erik Postma, Yes. See: https://laskowskilab.faculty.ucdavis.edu/2020/01/29/retractions/Yes:
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2020.0077
https://laskowskilab.faculty.ucdavis.edu/2020/01/29/retractions/
Yes. Late December 2019
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DoneCollected by PruittAnomalies foundRetractedRETRACTEDKate L. Laskowski, Pierre-Olivier Montiglio, and Jonathan N. Pruitt, "Individual and Group Performance Suffers from Social Niche Disruption," The American Naturalist 187, no. 6 (June 2016): 776-785.The American Naturalist2016Empiricalhttps://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/686220
https://doi.org/10.1086/686220
27172596
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.33f0n
Jonathan PruittYes. Kate Laskowski, Niels Dingemanse, Erik Postma, Yes. See: https://laskowskilab.faculty.ucdavis.edu/2020/01/29/retractions/Yes:
https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/708066
https://laskowskilab.faculty.ucdavis.edu/2020/01/29/retractions/
Yes. Late December 2019
This was the first public retraction of Pruitt's workDan Bolnick (daniel.bolnick@uconn.edu)
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DoneCollected by PruittAnomalies foundRetraction requestedData collected by Pruitt and anomolous patterns identified - retraction requestedPruitt, J. N., DiRienzo, N., Kralj-Fišer, S., Johnson, J. C., & Sih, A. (2011). Individual-and condition-dependent effects on habitat choice and choosiness. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65(10), 1987-1995.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2011Empiricalhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-011-1208-0Jonathan PruittYes, on 2/1 by Dr. David MitchellDr. David Mitchell had a different version of the same dataset provided to him several years after the study. Upon comparing the data provided to ND by JP to the set provide to Dr. Mitchell by JP, Dr. Mitchell discovered a formula in the original data that appears to create an entirely new observation. ND has presented this to coauthors. Request for a retraction forthcoming. ndirienzo@gmail.com
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DoneSome data collected by PruittAnomalies foundRetraction requestedAnomalies discovered in portion of data provided by Pruitt. - Retraction request sent to editorsDiRienzo, N., Pruitt, J. N., & Hedrick, A. V. (2013). The combined behavioural tendencies of predator and prey mediate the outcome of their interaction. Animal Behaviour, 86(2), 317-322.Animal Behaviour2013Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000334721300239X#!Note from ND - Cricket data collected by ND. Widow data collected by JP as part of other project. Checked by ND and Dr. David MitchellWidow data appears valid and ND was present during design of data collection. No indications that data are invalid. Update 2/1 - Dr. David Mitchell discovered a formula in the spreadsheet of widow data collected by JP. Formula appears to create another observation. This manipulated portion of the data are not the data used in this paper, but to different measures from the same study and spreadsheet are. Thus all results are questionable.ndirienzo@gmail.com
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DoneCollected by PruittAnomalies foundRetraction underwayApproved for retraction - draft retraction submittedHolbrook, C. T., Wright, C. M., & Pruitt, J. N. (2014). Individual differences in personality and behavioural plasticity facilitate division of labour in social spider colonies. Animal Behaviour, 97, 177-183.Animal Behaviour2014Empirical
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347214003510?via%3Dihub
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.09.015
PENDINGJonathan PruittYes, examined by Colin WrightDuplicated data across columns and rows, spanning treatment groups. Specifically, mixed colonies were "created" by simply cut-and-pasting data on spiders from docile and aggressive treatments. Colin Wright (colinuniversity@gmail.com)
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DoneCollected by PruittAnomalies foundRetraction requestedRETRACTION REQUESTED
Wright, C. M., Holbrook, C. T., & Pruitt, J. N. (2014). Animal personality aligns task specialization and task proficiency in a spider society. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(26), 9533-9537.PNAS2014Empiricalhttps://www.pnas.org/content/111/26/9533
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1400850111
24979771PENDINGPruitt collected data in 2011. Large duplicated sections found across treatments with no methodological or biological explanation. Mixed colonies were created by simply cut-and-pasting data from spiders in docile and aggressive monotypic colonies. Clearly manipulated data.
No. Data are manipulated.Yes, received an email from editors at PNAS requesting to see data. Not yet.
Data are fabricated.
YES (2/2/2020)Colin Wright (colinuniversity@gmail.com)
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DoneCollected by PruittAnomalies foundRetraction underwayRetraction submitted Pruitt et al. 2016. The Achilles' heel hypothesis: misinformed keystone individuals impair collective learning and reduce group success. Proceedings B 283.Proc R Soc B2016Empiricalhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2015.2888
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.2888
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.8b7k4
data on Dryad; collected by Jonathan PruittPubPeer commenters, including but not limited to last author Noa Pinter-WollmanSuspicious patterns in the raw data--some columns differ from others by a constant amount.https://pubpeer.com/publications/F62202DB4DB0804CD2E65C25764549#Jeremy Fox (jefox@ucalgary.ca)
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DoneCollected by PruittAnomalies foundRetraction requestedRetraction requestedModlmeier, Andreas P., Kate L. Laskowski, Alex E. DeMarco, Anna Coleman, Katherine Zhao, Hayley A. Brittingham, Donna R. McDermott, and Jonathan N. Pruitt. (2014) “Persistent Social Interactions Beget More Pronounced Personalities in a Desert-Dwelling Social Spider.” Biology Letters 10(8): 20140419.
Biology Letters2014Empiricalhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbl.2014.0419
https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2014.0419.
Jonathan PruittYes. Kate Laskowski, Niels Dingemanse, Erik Postma, Yes. See: https://laskowskilab.faculty.ucdavis.edu/2020/01/29/retractions/
Yes, January 2019
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DoneSome data collected by PruittAnomalies foundRetraction underwayData collected by Pruitt and anomolous patterns identified--being processed for retractionJonathan N. Pruitt, Lena Grinsted, Virginia Settepani (2013) Linking levels of personality: personalities of the ‘average’ and ‘most extreme’ group members predict colony-level personality. Animal Behaviour 86: 391-399Animal Behaviour2013Empirical
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347213002492?via%3Dihub
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2013.05.030
Data not publically availableBoldness data provided by PruittYes, examined by Erik PostmaExcess duplications, overrepresentation of certain (combinations of) digitsErik Postma (e.postma@exeter.ac.uk)
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DoneCollected by PruittAnomalies foundRetraction requestedData collected by Pruitt and anomolous patterns identified--being processed for retractionPruitt, J. N., & Pinter-Wollman, N. (2015). The legacy effects of keystone individuals on collective behaviour scale to how long they remain within a group. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 282(1814), 20151766.Proc R Soc B2015Empiricalhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2015.1766Jonathanyes, by Luke Holman and others
https://figshare.com/articles/Testing_Legacy_effect_paper_pdf/11862591
https://pubpeer.com/publications/D2E96F34EFB3F348611652A2181A34
Noa Pinter-Wollman nmpinter@ucla.edu
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DoneSome data collected by PruittAnomalies foundRetraction underwayApproved for retraction - pending statement
Lichtenstein, J.L.L., DiRienzo, N., Knutson, K., Kuo, C., Zhao, K.C., Brittingham, H.A., Geary, S.E., Ministero, S., Rice, H.K., David, Z., Scharf, I., and J.N. Pruitt. 2016. Prolonged food restriction decreases body condition and reduces repeatability in individual personalities in web-building spiders. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 70(11), 1793 - 1803.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2016Empiricalhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-016-2184-1Jonathan provided data for the two species where errors were found. James LLL collected the data on the widows. We found no errors there.Yes, on 1/25/2020 by ND. Found major sequence duplications and what appears to be generation of data. Data are unreliable per JLLL, ND, and IS. Editors of BES also judged them to be fraudlent.
Approved by BES editoral board. Working on statement
Yes; 01/27/2020
Nick DiRienzo (ndirienzo@gmail.com)
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DoneSome data collected by PruittAnomalies foundRetraction underwayData collected by Pruitt and anomolous patterns identified--being processed for retractionGrinsted L, Pruitt JN, Settepani V, Bilde T. (2013) Individual personalities shape task differentiation in a social spider. Proc R Soc B 280: 20131407Proc R Soc B2013Empiricalhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2013.1407
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.1407
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.nd779
Boldness data provided by PruittYes, examined by Erik PostmaExcess duplications, overrepresentation of certain (combinations of) digitsProc B has been informedErik Postma (e.postma@exeter.ac.uk)
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Under InvestigationAnomalies foundDuplications found - email sent to co-authorsPruitt, J. N., Oufiero, C. E., Avilés, L., & Riechert, S. E. (2012). Iterative evolution of increased behavioral variation characterizes the transition to sociality in spiders and proves advantageous. The American Naturalist, 180(4), 496-510.The American Naturalist2012Empiricalhttps://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/667576
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.08np6
duplications found by ED (Slack team), confirmed by FD We highlighted the duplications that we found on this GoogleSheets file https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1VDDD-3FsdGsD--xLZrdgKG3-GFe7TfMVVEHgnJF9P28/edit?usp=sharing (we stopped at some point, so this is not exhaustive). Also, an excess of 0.00xyxy and maybe 0.00xxyy + 0.00xyyx values in Cricket mass medium column. // All cricket masses of many blocks are exact fraction of colony member massflorence.debarre@normalesup.org
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Under investigationAnomalies foundUnder investigation by CNK. Editor has been contacted.Sweeney, K., Cusack, B., Armagost, F., O’Brien, T., Keiser, C. N., & Pruitt, J. N. (2013). Predator and prey activity levels jointly influence the outcome of long-term foraging bouts. Behavioral Ecology, 24(5), 1205-1210.Behavioral Ecology2013Empiricalhttps://academic.oup.com/beheco/article/24/5/1205/255662
https://figshare.com/articles/Data_for_Sweeney_et_al_2013_-_Behavioral_Ecology/11778540
Data collected by Sweeney K (as undergrad), Cusack B, and Armagost F (as undergrad). Pruitt curated the data and shared with Keiser to analyze and write manuscript.Yes, by KeiserI found some questionable duplications of spider body sizes, but only a few (more were found after further investigation). Data are publicly available so others can check. I'm currently communicating with editor at Behavioral Ecology and following the necessary and proper procedures. - CNKNumerous duplications of entire data rows--purportedly different spiders having identical weight, length, width, and body condition, out to several decimal places--identified on PubPeer. https://pubpeer.com/publications/6CAE0D5A1FE835EEA2BADFFB126872Nick Keiser (ckeiser@ufl.edu),Jeremy Fox (jefox@ucalgary.ca)
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Under investigationCollected by PruittAnomalies foundData collected by Pruitt and anomolous patterns identifiedPruitt, J. N., & Goodnight, C. J. (2014). Site-specific group selection drives locally adapted group compositions. Nature, 514(7522), 359-362.Nature2014Empiricalhttps://www.nature.com/articles/nature13811
http://doi.org/doi:10.1038/nature13811
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.87g80
Data downloaded from Dryad; collected by Jonathan PruittYes, examined by Am Nat Associate Editor Jeremy Fox
Causes for concern in the raw data. 1. In the long-term census data, many observations of "average agg" of spider colonies fall on a straight line as a function of colony composition. Those straight lines always have a slope and intercept that are exact to one decimal place (e.g., slopes of 15.2, 16.8, etc., not, say, 15.213). 2. The data for "prey availability" for the spider colonies at the 6 sites (20 colonies/site) are nearly identical for the three low resource sites, and for the three high resource sites. 3. The "Average aggressives" values of the experimental spider colonies, when sorted by release site, seem to sort into two clusters of three sites; the three release sites within each cluster all have nearly identical sets of values. 4. the main data table quotes values of "average aggressives" (i.e. average aggressiveness of the aggressive spiders) for experimental colonies that contained no aggressive spiders. 5. the main data table quotes values of "Average Dociles" (i.e. the average aggressiveness of the docile spiders) for exptl. colonies that contained no docile spiders. 6. aggressiveness of each spider in the experiment was apparently measured to the nearest 0.1 cm, because all values of "Average Dociles" and "Average aggressives" are expressed to 0.1 cm for colonies that contained only a single docile spider or a single aggressive spider. But yet, values of "Average Dociles" and "Average aggressives" that represent averages over multiple docile or aggressive spiders also are expressed to 0.1. How is that possible, unless all docile spiders in a colony were identical to one another, and all aggressive spiders in a colony were identical to one another? The published methods don't provide enough detail to evaluate whether this is an anamoly or not. 7. Possibly anamolous distributions of last digits of "Average Dociles" and "Average aggressives" (treating whole-integer values as if the last digit was 0, e.g. 16 is treated as 16.0). These are inter-individual distances measured to 0.1 cm, or averages of those distances. Last digit of "Average Dociles" is *never* 9 (out of 318 values!), and the frequency distribution of last digits looks pretty far from what you'd expect if sampling 318 values from a uniform distribution. Some last digits are very common, others are very rare. And it doesn't look like Benford's Law either (not that you'd expect it to). For "Average aggressives", the last digit is *never* 1 (again, out of 318 values), and the frequency distribution of last digits looks pretty far from what you'd expect if sampling 318 values from a uniform distribution. Some last digits are very common, others are very rare. And it doesn't look like Benford's Law, either (again, not that you'd expect it to.). FD comments: careful with Benford's law, which applies to raw data but not necessarily the same for calculations such as proportions or averages.Co-author Charles Goodnight informed. A recent article in Nature News indicates that the Nature editorial board is aware of the data concernsJeremy Fox, jefox@ucalgary.ca
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Under investigationCollected by PruittAnomalies foundData collected by Pruitt and anomolous patterns identifiedRoyauté, R., & Pruitt, J. N. (2015). Varying predator personalities generates contrasting prey communities in an agroecosystem. Ecology, 96(11), 2902-2911.Ecology2015Empiricalhttps://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1890/14-2424.1
https://doi.org/10.1890/14-2424.1
https://github.com/rroyaute/Royaute-Pruitt-Ecology-2015-Data-and-Code
Jonathan PruittNick DiRienzo on 1/29 - obtained data from github repo posted by RRData contain numerous repeated sequences often 10 units long. These comprise >50% of the observations. I have informed RR and he will work on this soon.Editor of Ecology contacted by RR (31/01/2020)Raphaël Royauté (raphael.royaute@gmail.com)
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Under investigationCollected by PruittPossible anomaliesData collected by Pruitt, no anomalous patterns identified // Some issues found ; email sent to co-authorsPruitt, Jonathan N., et al. “Behavioral Types of Predator and Prey Jointly Determine Prey Survival: Potential Implications for the Maintenance of Within-Species Behavioral Variation.” The American Naturalist, vol. 179, no. 2, 2012, pp. 217–227. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/663680. Accessed 30 Jan. 2020.The American Naturalist2012Empiricalhttps://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/663680
www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/663680.
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.190pk253
Jonathan PruittYes. Examined by an American Naturalist Associate Editor familiar with the retractions (Jeremy Fox), no data problems found by JeremyNo cause for concern was found within the data themselves by Jeremy FoxJeremy Fox, jefox@ucalgary.ca // florence.debarre@normalesup.org
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Under investigationUnknownPossible anomaliesAnomalous patterns identifiedPRUITT, J.N. and KRAUEL, J.J. (2010), The adaptive value of gluttony: predators mediate the life history trade‐offs of satiation threshold. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 23: 2104-2111
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
2010Empiricalhttps://doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2010.02070.x
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2010.02070.x
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.1763
UnknownYes, examined by Jeremy Fox and Erik PostmaFormulas in excel sheet. Clustering of initial body weigths. Majority of statistical tests cannot be replicated.JEB has been informed. Coauthor Jennifer Krauel has been informed.Erik Postma (e.postma@exeter.ac.uk), Jeremy Fox, jefox@ucalgary.ca
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Under investigationSome data collected by PruittPossible anomaliesSome data provided by Pruitt. Under investigation by NDDiRienzo, N., Pruitt, J. N., & Hedrick, A. V. (2012). Juvenile exposure to acoustic sexual signals from conspecifics alters growth trajectory and an adult personality trait. Animal Behaviour, 84(4), 861-868.Animal Behaviour2012Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347212003156Cricket developmental data all collected by ND. Aggression trials conducted by JP. JP was blind to cricket developmental treatment. No reason to suspect manipulation but ND will check data soon. 2/2/2020 update by ND. Orignal data provided by JP to ND after he conducted the trials indicate he was not blind to the treatment. Furthermore, he did not include all data I requested in intial spreadsheet that was emailed to me. Will work with ecology data review Slack in near future to validate. Currently too tired and have multiple other papers to deal with currently.
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Under InvestigationCollected by PruittPossible anomaliesData collected by Pruitt. Under investigation by CNK, Editor has been contacted.Keiser, C. N., & Pruitt, J. N. (2014). Spider aggressiveness determines the bidirectional consequences of host–inquiline interactions. Behavioral Ecology, 25(1), 142-151.Behavioral Ecology2014Empiricalhttps://academic.oup.com/beheco/article/25/1/142/223247#2513064
https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/art096
https://figshare.com/articles/Data_for_Keiser_and_Pruitt_2014_-_Behavioral_Ecology/11778552
Pruitt gave a dataset to Keiser his first semester of PhDAnne Rutten has used SequenceSniffer on the data, and Keiser checked all of the data for duplications.There are lots of repeats in the body size measurements, but no repeated sequences for the behavioral assays or response variables. Will contact the editor. - CNK
Nick Keiser (ckeiser@ufl.edu)
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DoneSome data collected by PruittNo anomalies foundCorrection submittedData collected by Keiser and Pruitt. Keiser has his original data sheets to verify any questions.Keiser and Pruitt 2014; Proceedings B. Personality composition is more important than group size in determining collective foraging in the wildProc R Soc B2014Empiricalhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2014.1424
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2014.1424
Data were collected by Keiser and Pruitt together and entered into excel files on a shared laptop in the field. Keiser still has his original field notebook from which data can be verified. - CNKYes, examined by Jeremy FoxPossible cause for concern, data contain several pairs of rows that are duplicates or near-duplicates. These duplicates were just data entry errors. The entire row for five assays was entered twice (i.e., two rows both say assay#1). I also discovered this error and have reached out to the editor at Proc B. I reanalyzed all of the data excluding the five rows and everything is exactly the same. I can provide that analysis to anyone interested - CNKJeremy Fox (jefox@ucalgary.ca)
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Under investigationSome data collected by PruittPossible anomaliesUnder investigation by NDDiRienzo, N., McDermott, D. R., & Pruitt, J. N. (2015). Testing the effects of biogenic amines and alternative topical solvent types on the behavioral repertoire of two web‐building spiders. Ethology, 121(8), 801-812.Ethology2015Empiricalhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/eth.12395Possible causes for concern. The data were collected by undergraduates working with ND while visiting JP at Pitt. Based on old emails JP sent ND the data after ND returned to UC Davis. Thus, data are suspect. Will investigate in time.
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Under investigationCollected by PruittPossible anomaliesData collected by Pruitt and anomolous patterns identifiedPruitt JN, Bolnick DI, Sih A, DiRienzo N, Pinter-Wollman N. 2016 Behavioural hypervolumes of spider communities predict community performance and disbandment. Proc. R. Soc. B 283: 20161409Proc R Soc B2016Empiricalhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2016.1409
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2016.1409
Need to uploadJonathan PruittYes,in repeatability data on 1/26/2020 by ND. No issues were found in the data for the BHVFound suspicous patterns in repeatablity data that were not uploaded to dryad but instead given directly to ND. Indivdual measures increase in a linear fashion within ID's, but in six cases this increase continues across ID numbers. It is viewed as being extremely unlikely that the 10 behavioral measures of one individual will all be less than that of the next individual in the ID sequence (and this happened six times). Furthermore DB found a nonrandom distribution of terminal digits. // FD distribution of masses are oddly regularWaiting on response from JNP. Nick DiRienzo (ndirienzo@gmail.com)
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Under InvestigationSome data collected by PruittPossible anomaliesUnder investigation by RAOJonathan N Pruitt, Carl N Keiser, Brett T Banka, John S Liedle, Andrew J Brooks, Russell J Schmitt, Sally J Holbrook, Collective aggressiveness of an ecosystem engineer is associated with coral recovery, Behavioral Ecology, Volume 29, Issue 6, November/December 2018, Pages 1216–1224Behavioral Ecology2018Empiricalhttps://academic.oup.com/beheco/article-abstract/29/6/1216/5096922
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.50r4t2p
Data collected by Pruitt, Keiser, and Banka in the field. Pruitt curated the data and performed analyses (-CNK).RAO (05/02/20 - in progress)Possible cause for concern. Raw data for behavioural assays and repeated measures not available in the Dryad data cited. Perhaps they're in the MCR LTER database (will investigate). Available data set contains averages and overall stats per site (N=29). Higher numbers of duplicated values than seems likely by chance for some variables (# Responders, Latency, Total Tish, and PrepDeltaLength; haven't tested this). E.g., duplicates comprise 27% of the # Responders values. I recalculated the key metric 'Per Capita Colony Aggressiveness' based on a simple division between two other columns (# Responders/Total Fish), according to the methods, and only 8/29 values matched those in the per capita aggressiveness column. These were all in the first 10 observations. No mention of any transformation that might explain this. If an additional step was done, I wouldn't expect to find the 8 matching values near the top. Further, there is one site with a negative value for # Responders and it has a positive value for Per Cap Aggressiveness, and vice versa. The sign shouldn't switch between these two metrics according to the methods. Plotting both sets of values against coral number (# Poc), I can recreate the published figure 1 (top) with the presented values, but the positive relationship seems to disappear when using the recalcuated values. Haven't tested this. So far, seems like key metric is unreliable and findings would change.Nick Keiser (ckeiser@ufl.edu) + Rebekah Oomen (rebekahoomen@gmail.com)
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Under investigationCollected by PruittPossible anomaliesData collected by Pruitt. Possible anamolous patterns found. From author contributions section: "J.P. collected and R.C.-P. analysed the data"Costa-Pereira & Pruitt 2019. Behaviour, morphology and microhabitat use: what drives individual niche variation? Biology Letters 15.Biology Letters2019Empirical
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsbl.2019.0266#d3e993
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbl.2019.0266
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.bd26mq0
Yes, by Jeremy Fox and by an anonynous correspondent writing to D.BolnickPossible causes for concern. Unexpected sequences of repeated values found in total prey captured, using sequenceSniffer tool. Possible unusual duplication of some prey composition data. Correspondent unable to replicate reported statistical results using lme4. Needs further exploration; they weren't spotted by Jeremy Fox on his initial check. *Feb. 3 update: I (JF) looked into this again. I'm not convinced that there are actually anamolies in the raw data, but have passed this case onto Collin Edwards and the Slackchat team to see if they can get another pair of eyes to look at it. I have not attempted to replicate the reported statistical results myself. There are indeed strings of integer values that are repeated, sometimes 5 or 6 numbers in a row. The lead author did randomizations of this column and found that the strings of duplicated values are no more common than expected by chance. D.Bolnick examined these data too and agreed that the duplication of *integer* values several rows long is not grounds for suspicion.Jeremy Fox (jefox@ucalgary.ca)
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Under investigationSome data collected by PruittPossible anomaliesData collected by Pruitt. FD I found potential issues // DF Still under investigationLittle, A. G., Fisher, D. N., Schoener, T. W., & Pruitt, J. N. (2019). Population differences in aggression are shaped by tropical cyclone-induced selection. Nature ecology & evolution, 3(9), 1294-1297.Nature Ecology & Evolution2019Empiricalhttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-019-0951-x
data linked in supplementary material file 1
Jonathan Pruitt (mostly) - believed to be entirely JNP [DNF] [from the author statement: "J.N.P. and A.G.L. carried out the research and experimental work" --JBS] AGL researched and collected atmospheric and geographic data for cyclones [AGL]Checked by DNF, AGL, and RCP, since 29th Jan, FD since 01 febNo irregularities detected so far // FD: questionable distributions of Latency data [explanation given: went back to colonies that had not responded the first time; not mentioned in the methods (but not used as a response variable in the analysis [AGL] // but affects nb of attackers as well, key variable in the paper (OK -agreed [AGL]); nb of attempts not entered in the data; problematic method as colonies are treated differently]; missing data entered as 0 instead of NA (affects the stats). David Fisher, davidnfisher@hotmail.com, Florence Débarre florence.debarre@normalesup.org
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Under investigationCollected by PruittUnder investigation by JFHPruitt, J. N., and J. F. Husak. 2010. Context-dependent use of running speed in funnel-web spiders from divergent populations. Functional Ecology 24:165-171.Functional Ecology2010Empirical
https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2009.01623.x@10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2745.BES_WIN_2010
doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2009.01623.x
Pruitt: not raw data, only summary statistics (data requested from JP)Waiting on data request to JPNot possible yet, but data requestedJerry Husak (jerry.husak@gmail.com)
30
Under investigationUnder investigation by NDSweeney, K., Gadd, R. D., Hess, Z. L., McDermott, D. R., MacDonald, L., Cotter, P., ... & Pruitt, J. N. (2013). Assessing the effects of rearing environment, natural selection, and developmental stage on the emergence of a behavioral syndrome. Ethology, 119(5), 436-447.Ethology2013Empiricalhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/eth.12081Note from ND - Data collected by undergrads but processed and analyzed by JP. ND contributed to concept and design but did not see raw data. Attempts at contacting undergraduate authors have not been successful.
31
Under investigationSome data collected by PruittPossible anomaliesData collected by Pruitt and Keiser. Under investigation by CNK and others. Editor has been contacted.Pruitt, J. N., & Keiser, C. N. (2014). The personality types of key catalytic individuals shape colonies' collective behaviour and success. Animal Behaviour, 93, 87-95.Animal Behaviour2014Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347214001882Pruitt and Keiser. Pruitt curated the data and performed analyses.Nick Keiser (ckeiser@ufl.edu)
32
Under investigationCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. No anomalies found. Under investigation by NFModlmeier, A. P., Forrester, N. J., & Pruitt, J. N. (2014). Habitat structure helps guide the emergence of colony-level personality in social spiders. Behavioral ecology and sociobiology, 68(12), 1965-1972.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2014Empiricalhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-014-1802-z
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00265-014-1802-z
NF & AMAM and I collected the data simultaneously in the lab, however I can only be confident in the data I collected. I contacted the editor of the journal with my concerns. I've also sent my data to Kate Laskowski and the department chair at the Universtiy of Pittsburgh. Although I looked over the data set and did not find any errors that popped out, I would love if someone else could take a look at it to make sure. Please contact me for the data, since it's currently not available online. Thank you! Nicole Forrester (Nforrester11@gmail.com)
33
Under investigationSome data collected by PruittSome data collected by Pruitt. Under investigation by CNKWright, C. M., Keiser, C. N., & Pruitt, J. N. (2015). Personality and morphology shape task participation, collective foraging and escape behaviour in the social spider Stegodyphus dumicola. Animal Behaviour, 105, 47-54.Animal Behaviour2015Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347215001384Keiser and Pruitt
34
Under investigationUnknownUnder investigation. Trying to obtain raw dataPruitt, J. N., & Modlmeier, A. P. (2015). Animal personality in a foundation species drives community divergence and collapse in the wild. Journal of Animal Ecology, 84(6), 1461-1468.Journal of Animal Ecology2015Empirical
https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2656.12406
https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2656.12406
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.m90r2
Data downloaded from Dryad; don't know who collected itYes, by Jeremy FoxHard to say. Raw data not provided on Dryad; PCA and NMDS scores providedJeremy Fox (jefox@ucalgary.ca)
35
Under investigationSome data collected by PruittUnder investigation by SJI, IS, and PurcellIngley, S. J., Pruitt, J. N., Scharf, I., & Purcell, J. (2016). Social context, but not individual personality, alters immigrant viability in a spider with mixed social structure. Animal Behaviour, 120, 153-161.Animal Behaviour2016Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347216301701
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.6086/D1M08P
Pruitt provided field data, Purcell provided genetic dataCurrently being checkedJessica Purcell (jpurcell@ucr.edu)
36
Under investigationSome data collected by PruittSome data collected by Pruitt. Under investigation by CMW.Wright, C. M., Keiser, C. N., & Pruitt, J. N. (2016). Colony personality composition alters colony-level plasticity and magnitude of defensive behaviour in a social spider. Animal behaviour, 115, 175-183.Animal Behaviour2016Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347216000774
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2016.03.002
PENDINGCollected by CMW, CNK, and JNP. Entered by CMW.Currently being checked by CMWNoColin Wright (colinuniversity@gmail.com)
37
Under investigationUnder investigationGoulet, C. T., Ingley, S. J., Scharf, I., & Pruitt, J. N. (2016). Thermal effects on survival and reproductive performance vary according to personality type. Behavioral Ecology, arw084.Behavioral Ecology2016Empiricalhttps://academic.oup.com/beheco/article/27/6/1635/2453462
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.k61qv
Pruitt collected the data personally according to a co-authorCurrently being checked by Goulet, Scharf and Ingley
38
Under investigationCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. Under investigation by CMWWright, C. M., Skinker, V. E., Izzo, A. S., Tibbetts, E. A., & Pruitt, J. N. (2017). Queen personality type predicts nest-guarding behaviour, colony size and the subsequent collective aggressiveness of the colony. Animal Behaviour, 124, 7-13.Animal Behaviour2017Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347216303207
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2016.11.025
https://figshare.com/articles/Queen_personality_type_predicts_xlsx/11857611
CMW, VESCurrently being evaluatedNo
39
Under investigationCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by PruittWright C.M., Lichtenstein J.L.L., Montgomery G.A., Luscuskie L.P., Pinter-Wollman. N., & Pruitt J.N., "Exposure to predators reduces collective foraging aggressiveness and eliminates its relationship with colony Ecology Sociobiology, 71(126) (2017)personality composition", Behavioral
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2017Empiricalhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-017-2356-7CMW, JLLL, GAM, LPLCurrently being evaluatedNo
40
Under investigationCollected by PruittData collected by Pruitt. Under investigation by NPWPruitt, J. N., Wright, C. M., Lichtenstein, J. L., Chism, G. T., McEwen, B. L., Kamath, A., & Pinter-Wollman, N. (2018). Selection for collective aggressiveness favors social susceptibility in social spiders. Current Biology, 28(1), 100-105.Current Biology2018Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982217315208
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.11.038
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.7p090
from author contributions statement: "J.N.P., C.M.W., J.L.L.L., G.T.C., and B.L.M. all contributed to study design, data collection, writing, and analyses." --JBS
41
Under investigationCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. Under investigation by CMWWright, Colin M., Trevor D. Hyland, Amanda S. Izzo, Donna R. McDermott, Elizabeth A. Tibbetts, and Jonathan N. Pruitt. "Polistes metricus queens exhibit personality variation and behavioral syndromes." Current zoology 64, no. 1 (2018): 45-52.Current Zoology2018Empiricalhttps://academic.oup.com/cz/article/64/1/45/3063806
https://doi.org/10.1093/cz/zox008
PENDINGCMW, TDH, some by DRMCurrently being evaluatedNo
42
Under investigationCollected by Pruitt
Data collected by Pruitt. Under investigation by CNK
Keiser, C. N., Ingley, S. J., Toscano, B. J., Scharf, I., & Pruitt, J. N. (2018). Habitat complexity dampens selection on prey activity level. Ethology, 124(1), 25-32.Ethology2018Empiricalhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/eth.12700Pruitt gave a dataset to Keiser, analyzed by Keiser and Toscano
43
Under investigationCollected by PruittData collected by Pruitt. Under investigation by HVMDoering, G. N., Scharf, I., Moeller, H. V., & Pruitt, J. N. (2018). Social tipping points in animal societies in response to heat stress. Nature ecology & evolution, 2(8), 1298-1305.Nature Ecology & Evolution2018Empiricalhttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-018-0592-5
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0592-5
https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6q81v65
Pruitt (information added by HVM and confirmed by author contribution statement in the paper --JBS)Currently being checkedHolly Moeller (holly.moeller@lifesci.ucsb.edu)
44
Under investigationCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. Under investigation by CMWWright, C. M., Lichtenstein, J. L., Luscuskie, L. P., Montgomery, G. A., Pinter-Wollman, N., & Pruitt, J. N. (2019). Better safe than sorry: spider societies mitigate risk by prioritizing caution. Behavioral Ecology. 30(5), 1234–1241Behavioral Ecology2019Empirical
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/9214/b4f0f157b08ba5eccdd547d81bf30c3d6a84.pdf
https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arz069
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.n6d4cp2
CMW, with some help from JLLL, LPL, and GAMCurrently being evaluatedNo
45
Under investigationCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. Under investigation by CMWWright, C. M., McEwen, B. L., Fisher, D. N., Lichtenstein, J. L., Antoun, A., Tibbetts, E. A., & Pruitt, J. N. (2019). Egg discrimination is mediated by individual differences in queen olfactory responsiveness and boldness. Behavioral Ecology, 30(5), 1306-1313.Behavioral Ecology2019Empiricalhttps://academic.oup.com/beheco/article-abstract/30/5/1306/5550864
https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arz078
https://figshare.com/articles/Wright_egg_discrim_data_txt/7959170
CMW, BLMCurrently being evaluatedNo
46
Under investigationCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. Under investigation by CMWWright, C. M., Lichtenstein, J. L., Tibbetts, E. A., & Pruitt, J. N. (2019). Individual variation in queen morphology and behavior predicts colony performance in the wild. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 73(9), 122.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2019Empiricalhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-019-2739-z
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00265-019-2739-z
https://figshare.com/articles/Individual_variation_in_queen_morphology_and_behavior_predict_colony_success_in_the_wild/11857674
CMWCurrently being evaluatedNo
47
Under investigationCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. Under investigation by CMW, EATWright, C. M., Fisher, D. N., Nerone, W. V., Lichtenstein, J. L., Tibbetts, E. A., & Pruitt, J. N. (2019). Foundress number, but not queen size or boldness, predicts colony life-history in wild paper wasps. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 128(1), 20-29.
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
2019Empiricalhttps://academic.oup.com/biolinnean/article-abstract/128/1/20/5522311
https://doi.org/10.1093/biolinnean/blz080
https://figshare.com/articles/Foundress_number_but_not_queen_size_or_boldness_predicts_colony_life-history_in_wild_paper_wasps/11857689
CMW, VWNCurrently being evaluatedNo
48
Under investigationCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittUnder Investigation by Purcell; All genetic data collected and analyzed by Purcell, behavioral data collected by Pruitt lab members (not JNP).Purcell, J., & Pruitt, J. N. (2019). Are personalities genetically determined? Inferences from subsocial spiders. BMC genomics, 20(1), 1-10.BMC Genomics2019Empirical
https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12864-019-6172-5
Behavioral data is provided in the supplementary materials file
Genetic data all provided by Purcell, behavioral data provided by Pruitt lab undergraduatesJessica Purcell (jpurcell@ucr.edu)
49
Under investigationUnder investigation by NPWPruitt, J. N., McEwen, B. L., Cassidy, S. T., Najm, G. M., & Pinter-Wollman, N. (2019). Experimental evidence of frequency-dependent selection on group behaviour. Nature ecology & evolution, 3(4), 702-707.Nature Ecology & Evolution2019Empiricalhttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-019-0852-z
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.m592p4g
from author contribution statement: "All authors contributed to study design, data collection, statistical analysis, and composing of the manuscript. All authors were included in all aspects of the pipeline." --JBS
50
DoneCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittNo anomalies foundData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. No anomalous patterns found.McDermott, D. R., Chips, M. J., McGuirk, M., Armagost, F., DiRienzo, N., & Pruitt, J. N. (2014). Boldness is influenced by sublethal interactions with predators and is associated with successful harem infiltration in Madagascar hissing cockroaches. Behavioral ecology and sociobiology, 68(3), 425-435.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2014Empiricalhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-013-1657-8DMChecked by Dan BolnickNo grounds for concernInformation noted here by Julia Saltz (julia.b.saltz@rice.edu) based on information tweeted by Dan Bolnick (link to tweet: https://twitter.com/danielbolnick/status/1223264386657075201?s=12)
51
DoneCollected from Pruitt lab butt not by PruittNo anomalies foundData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. No anomalous patterns found.Keiser, C. N., Slyder, J. B., Carson, W. P., & Pruitt, J. N. (2015). Individual differences in predators but not producers mediate the magnitude of a trophic cascade. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 9(3), 225-232.Arthropod-Plant Interactions2015Empiricalhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11829-015-9377-9
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11829-015-9377-9
https://figshare.com/articles/Data_from_Keiser_et_al_2015_-_Arthropod-Plant_Interactions_xlsx/11774778
Keiser and SlyderYes. CNK on 1-30-20The data are valid and reliable.NoN/AN/AN/AN/ANick Keiser (ckeiser@ufl.edu)
52
DoneNot from Pruitt labNo anomalies foundData not collected in Pruitt's lab. No anomalous patterns foundWexler, Y., Subach, A., Pruitt, J. N., & Scharf, I. (2016). Behavioral repeatability of flour beetles before and after metamorphosis and throughout aging. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 70(5), 745-753.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2016
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-016-2098-y#author-information
Wexler Y, Scharf II ScharfnonoScharf and Pruitt received a grant together from the US-Israel Binational Foundation. Each lab did its own research, while the contribution of the other side was only in reading a draft of the manuscript and providing advice. All data in this case was collected and analyzed n Scharf's lab.Inon Scharf (scharfi@tauex.tau.ac.il)
53
DoneCollected from Pruitt lab butt not by PruittNo anomalies foundData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. No anomalous patterns found.Keiser, C. N., Howell, K. A., Pinter-Wollman, N., & Pruitt, J. N. (2016). Personality composition alters the transmission of cuticular bacteria in social groups. Biology letters, 12(7), 20160297.Biology Letters2016Empiricalhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsbl.2016.0297
https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2016.0297
http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.g56g1
Keiser and HowellYes (CNK January 2020)The data are valid and reliable.NoN/AN/AN/AN/ANick Keiser (ckeiser@ufl.edu)
54
DoneNot from Pruitt labNo anomalies foundData not collected in Pruitt's lab. No anomalous patterns foundKatz, N., Subach, A., Pruitt, J. N., & Scharf, I. (2016). Habitat preference of wormlions and their behavioural repeatability under illumination/shade conditions. Ecological Entomology, 41(6), 716-726.Ecological Entomology2016Empiricalhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/een.12347Katz N, Scharf II ScharfnonoScharf and Pruitt received a grant together from the US-Israel Binational Foundation. Each lab did its own research, while the contribution of the other side was only in reading a draft of the manuscript and providing advice. All data in this case was collected and analyzed in Scharf's lab.Inon Scharf (scharfi@tauex.tau.ac.il)
55
DoneNot from Pruitt labNo anomalies foundData not collected in Pruitt's labGriffin, E. A., Traw, M. B., Morin, P. J., Pruitt, J. N., Wright, S. J., & Carson, W. P. (2016). Foliar bacteria and soil fertility mediate seedling performance: a new and cryptic dimension of niche differentiation. Ecology, 97(11), 2998-3008.Ecology2016Empiricalhttps://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ecy.1537
https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ecy.1537
EG and field assistantsData collected and analyzed in another labData are valid and reliableNoNANANANoEric Griffin (ericgriffin742@gmail.com)
56
DoneCollected from Pruitt lab butt not by PruittNo anomalies foundData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. No anomalous patterns found.Keiser, C. N., Pinter-Wollman, N., Augustine, D. A., Ziemba, M. J., Hao, L., Lawrence, J. G., & Pruitt, J. N. (2016). Individual differences in boldness influence patterns of social interactions and the transmission of cuticular bacteria among group-mates. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 283(1829), 20160457.Proc R Soc B2016Empiricalhttps://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.0457
https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.0457
http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.60nn7
Keiser [author contribution statement: "C.N.K. transformed the bacteria under the advisement of J.G.L. and performed statistical analyses; C.N.K., D.A.A. and M.J.Z. carried out experiments; N.P.W. and L.H. performed colony observations and network analyses; J.N.P. assisted in experimental design and manuscript preparation"--JBS]Yes, by CNK.The data are valid and reliable.NoN/AN/AN/AN/ANick Keiser (ckeiser@ufl.edu)
57
DoneNot from Pruitt labNo anomalies foundData not collected in Pruitt's lab. No anomalous patterns foundKatz, N., Pruitt, J. N., & Scharf, I. (2017). The complex effect of illumination, temperature, and thermal acclimation on habitat choice and foraging behavior of a pit-building wormlion. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 71(9), 137.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2017Empiricalhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-017-2362-9
electronic supplementary material provided in paper
Katz N, Scharf II ScharfnonoScharf and Pruitt received a grant together from the US-Israel Binational Foundation. Each lab did its own research, while the contribution of the other side was only in reading a draft of the manuscript and providing advice. All data in this case was collected and analyzed in Scharf's lab.Inon Scharf (scharfi@tauex.tau.ac.il)
58
DoneNot from Pruitt labNo anomalies foundData not collected in Pruitt's lab. No anomalous patterns foundKatz, N., R. Shavit, J. N. Pruitt, and I. Scharf. 2017. Group dynamics and relocation decisions of a trap-building predator are differentially affected by biotic and abiotic factors. Current Zoology 63:647-655.Current Zoology2017Empiricalhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5804212/10.1093/cz/zow120
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5804212/bin/katz_et_al_supplementarymaterial181216_zow120.docx
Katz N, Scharf II scharfnonoScharf and Pruitt received a grant together from the US-Israel Binational Foundation. Each lab did its own research, while the contribution of the other side was only in reading a draft of the manuscript and providing advice. All data in this case was collected and analyzed in Scharf's lab.Inon Scharf (scharfi@tauex.tau.ac.il)
59
DoneNot from Pruitt labNo anomalies foundData not collected in Pruitt's lab. No anomalous patterns foundWexler, Y., Wertheimer, K. O., Subach, A., Pruitt, J. N., & Scharf, I. (2017). Mating alters the link between movement activity and pattern in the red flour beetle. Physiological entomology, 42(4), 299-306.Physiological Entomology2017Empiricalhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/phen.12195Wexler Y, Scharf II ScharfnonoScharf and Pruitt received a grant together from the US-Israel Binational Foundation. Each lab did its own research, while the contribution of the other side was only in reading a draft of the manuscript and providing advice. All data in this case was collected and analyzed n Scharf's lab.Inon Scharf (scharfi@tauex.tau.ac.il)
60
DoneSome data collected by PruittNo anomalies foundNo cause for concern was found within the data themselves (examined by 3 independent researchers). Confirmed by D. BolnickPruitt, JN; Howell, KA; Gladney, SJ; Yang, YS; Lichtenstein, JLL; Spicer, ME; Echeverri, SA; Pinter-Wollman, N. (2017). Behavioral hypervolumes of predator groups and predator-predator interactions shape prey survival rates and selection on prey behavior. The American Naturalist, 189(3), 254-266.The American Naturalist2017Empiricalhttps://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/690292
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.8q8p7
Collected by students and JNP, curated by JNPJeremy Fox, Nick Brown, NPW and JLL and an external evaluator have looked carefully not found anomalies.
61
DoneNot from Pruitt labNo anomalies foundData not collected in Pruitt's lab. No anomalous patterns foundScharf, I., Gilad, T., Bar-Ziv, M. A., Katz, N., Gregorian, E., Pruitt, J. N., & Subach, A. (2018). The contribution of shelter from rain to the success of pit-building predators in urban habitats. Animal Behaviour, 142, 139-145.Animal Behaviour2018Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347218301921Scharf II ScharfYesNonoScharf and Pruitt received a grant together from the US-Israel Binational Foundation. Each lab did its own research, while the contribution of the other side was only in reading a draft of the manuscript and providing advice. All data in this case was collected and analyzed in Scharf's lab.Inon Scharf (scharfi@tauex.tau.ac.il)
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DoneNot from Pruitt labNo anomalies foundData not collected in Pruitt's labSaar, M., Subach, A., Reato, I., Liber, T., Pruitt, J. N., & Scharf, I. (2018). Consistent differences in foraging behavior in 2 sympatric harvester ant species may facilitate coexistence. Current zoology, 64(5), 653-661.Current Zoology2018Empiricalhttps://academic.oup.com/cz/article/64/5/653/4139747Saar M (lab of I Scharf). [from the author contribution statement: "M.S., I.R., and T.L. performed the experiments." --JBS]M Saar & I ScharfYesNonoScharf and Pruitt received a grant together from the US-Israel Binational Foundation. Each lab did its own research, while the contribution of the other side was only in reading a draft of the manuscript and providing advice. All data in this case was collected and analyzed in Scharf's lab.Inon Scharf (scharfi@tauex.tau.ac.il)
63
DoneNot from Pruitt labNo anomalies foundData not collected in Pruitt's lab. No anomalous patterns foundMiller, SE; Bluher, SE; Bell, E; Cini, A; da Silva, RC; de Souza, AR; Gandia, KM; Jandt, J; Loope, K; Prato, A; Pruitt, JN; Rankin, D; Rankin, E; Southon, RJ; Uy, FMK; Weiner, S; Wright, CM; Downing, H; Gadagkar, R; Lorenzi, MC; Rusina, L; Sumner, S; Tibbetts, EA; Toth, A; Sheehan, MJ (2018). WASPnest: a worldwide assessment of social Polistine nesting behavior." Ecology (10): 2405-2405.Ecology2018Empiricalhttps://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ecy.2448
https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2448
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1236498
literature search, field data by authorsYes SEMData are valid and reliable.NoN/AN/AN/ANoPruitt lab members contributed 76 of 25,872 observationsSara Miller (sem332@cornell.edu)
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DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workPruitt, J.N., & Riechert, S. E. (2012). The ecological consequences of temperament in spiders. Current Zoology, 58(4), 589-596.Current Zoology2012Reviewhttps://academic.oup.com/cz/article/58/4/589/1787076
65
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workSih, A., Cote, J., Evans, M., Fogarty, S., & Pruitt, J. (2012). Ecological implications of behavioural syndromes. Ecology letters, 15(3), 278-289.Ecology Letters2012Reviewhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01731.x
66
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workPruitt, J. N., & Keiser, C. N. (2013). Debates: the aggressive spillover hypothesis: existing ailments and putative remedies. Ethology, 119(10), 807-810.Ethology2013Review/responsehttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/eth.12135
67
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workModlmeier, A. P., Keiser, C. N., Watters, J. V., Sih, A., & Pruitt, J. N. (2014). The keystone individual concept: an ecological and evolutionary overview. Animal Behaviour, 89, 53-62.Animal Behaviour2014Reviewhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347213005745
68
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workJandt, J. M., Bengston, S., Pinter‐Wollman, N., Pruitt, J. N., Raine, N. E., Dornhaus, A., & Sih, A. (2014). Behavioural syndromes and social insects: personality at multiple levels. Biological Reviews, 89(1), 48-67.Biological Reviews2014Reviewhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/brv.12042NA
69
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workPruitt, J. N. (Ed.). (2014). Animal personality: Ecology, behavior, and evolution.Current Zoology2014Reviewhttps://academic.oup.com/cz/article/60/3/359/1935180
70
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workBarron, D. G., Gervasi, S. S., Pruitt, J. N., & Martin, L. B. (2015). Behavioral competence: how host behaviors can interact to influence parasite transmission risk. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 6, 35-40.
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
2015Review
71
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workModlmeier, A. P., Keiser, C. N., Wright, C. M., Lichtenstein, J. L., & Pruitt, J. N. (2015). Integrating animal personality into insect population and community ecology. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 9, 77-85.
Current Opinion in Insect Science
2015Reviewhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214574515000395
72
DoneNo data/NANo data/NATheoretical paper that will have a small correction concerning Pruitt-provided data that were used to parameterize the model. The model results stand without the data.NOTE: This is a community page, assembled by volunteer scientists. Findings listed here are not official conclusions regarding the cause or motive for any problems documented. The goal of this is to inform the community about which papers can be relied upon, and which should not be cited. It is not to place blame or convey a verdict regarding motive.The American Naturalist2016Theoryhttps://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/687235there are 3 three pieces of data to put parameters into context. two are from CNK, one is from JNP which has some duplication. affects one sentence in the theoretical paper.Yes, by Jeremy Fox, Noa Pinter-WollmanJeremy Fox (jefox@ucalgary.ca)
73
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workPruitt, J. N. (2017). Are personality researchers painting the roses red? Maybe: a comment on Beekman and Jordan. Behavioral Ecology, 28(3), 628-629.Behavioral Ecology2017Review/responsehttps://academic.oup.com/beheco/article/28/3/628/3751195
74
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workPruitt, J. N., & Avilés, L. (2018). Social spiders: mildly successful social animals with much untapped research potential. Animal Behaviour, 143, 155-165.Animal Behaviour2018Reviewhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347217302646
75
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workKeiser, C. N., Lichtenstein, J. L., Wright, C. M., Chism, G. T., & Pruitt, J. N. (2018). Personality and behavioral syndromes in insects and spiders. Insect behavior. From Mechanisms to Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences, 237-257.
Insect Behavior: From Mechanisms to Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences [book]
2018Book chapter
https://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/oso/9780198797500.001.0001/oso-9780198797500-chapter-16
76
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workPruitt, JN; Berdahl, A; Riehl, C; Pinter-Wollman, N; Moeller, HV; Pringle, EG; Aplin, LM; Robinson, EJH; Grilli, J; Yeh, P; Savage, VM; Price, MH; Garland, J; Gilby, IC; Crofoot, MC; Doering, GN; Hobson, EA. (2018) Social tipping points in animal societies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285(1887), 20181282.Proc R Soc B2018Reviewhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2018.1282
77
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workPruitt, J. N. (2019). Avian ASMR and mammalian misophonia: a comment on Harding et al. Behavioral Ecology, 30(6), 1512-1513.Behavioral Ecology2019Review/responsehttps://academic.oup.com/beheco/article/30/6/1512/5544860
78
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workWright, C. M., Lichtenstein, J. L., Doering, G. N., Pretorius, J., Meunier, J., & Pruitt, J. N. (2019). Collective personalities: present knowledge and new frontiers. Behavioral ecology and sociobiology, 73(3), 31.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2019Reviewhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-019-2639-2
79
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workFisher, D. N., & Pruitt, J. N. (2019). Opposite responses to selection and where to find them. Journal of evolutionary biology, 32(5), 505-518.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
2019Review/theoryhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jeb.13432
80
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workDemes, K. W., & Pruitt, J. N. (2019). Individuality in seaweeds and why we need to care. Journal of phycology, 55(2), 247-256.Journal of Phycology2019Reviewhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jpy.12845?af=R
81
DoneNo data/NANo data/NANo data in this workPruitt, J. N., Little, A. G., Majumdar, S. J., Schoener, T. W., & Fisher, D. N. (2019). Call-to-action: a global consortium for tropical cyclone ecology. Trends in ecology & evolution, 34(7), 588-590.Trends in Ecology & Evolution2019Review
https://www.cell.com/trends/ecology-evolution/fulltext/S0169-5347(19)30118-1
No data
82
DoneNot from Pruitt labData & analyis not by PruittDemes, K. W., Pruitt, J. N., Harley, C. D., & Carrington, E. (2013). Survival of the weakest: increased frond mechanical strength in a wave‐swept kelp inhibits self‐pruning and increases whole‐plant mortality. Functional Ecology, 27(2), 439-445.Functional Ecology2013Empirical
https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2435.12067
Kyle Demes collected these data and did the analysesThe data and analyses are by Kyle Demes. The study was designed with advice of J.Pruitt, who commented on the manuscript but did not contribute directly to the results
83
DoneNot from Pruitt labData not collected in Pruitt's labBengston, S. E., Pruitt, J. N., & Riechert, S. E. (2014). Differences in environmental enrichment generate contrasting behavioural syndromes in a basal spider lineage. Animal Behaviour, 93, 105-110.Animal Behaviour2014Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347214001936SEBSEB collected and analyzed all the data in this mansucript. JNPs only role was to advise on methodology and revising the writing.
84
DoneNot from Pruitt labData not collected in Pruitt's labChips, MJ; Yerger, EH; Hervanek, A; Nuttle, T; Royo, AA; Pruitt, JN; McGlynn, TP; Riggall, CL; Carson, WP. (2015). The indirect impact of long-term overbrowsing on insects in the Allegheny National Forest region of Pennsylvania. Northeastern Naturalist, 22(4), 782-797.Northeastern Naturalist2015Empiricalhttps://search.proquest.com/docview/1775172141?pq-origsite=gscholarChips, M, Carson W, McGlynn TP, other middle authorsI was one of the middle authors of the paper, along with Pruitt. I communciated with the senior and corresponding author (Walt Carson), and he was clear that Pruitt was involved in various discussions in paper development and writing, but did not collect the data, handle the data, or perform the analyses.Terry McGlynn (terry.mcglynn@gmail.com)
85
DoneNot from Pruitt labData not collected in Pruitt's labAgnarsson, I., Jencik, B. B., Veve, G. M., Hanitriniaina, S., Agostini, D., Goh, S. P., ... & Kuntner, M. (2015). Systematics of the Madagascar Anelosimus spiders: remarkable local richness and endemism, and dual colonization from the Americas. ZooKeys, (509), 13.Zookeys2015Empiricalhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4493342/
supplementary materials available: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4493342/
Pruitt provided specimens that were sequenced that were sequenced in the lead author's labfrom Kenny Chapin:"Just received confirmation that Pruitt was not involved with data for this paper. His only involvement was providing specimens, which were sequenced in the lead author's lab."
86
DoneSome data collected by PruittNo anomalies foundSome data provided by Pruitt; relevant data has been checked and no issues foundPinter-Wollman, N., Mi, B., & Pruitt, J. N. (2017). Replacing bold individuals has a smaller impact on group performance than replacing shy individuals. Behavioral ecology, 28(3), 883-889.Behavioral Ecology2017Empiricalhttps://academic.oup.com/beheco/article/28/3/883/3098456
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.5q6s3
NPW and BM collected all the data except for data for figure 2 - got that from JNP no irregular patterns found in itdata for figure 2 checked by NPW and Nick Brown (on Slack) no irregular patterns found
87
DoneCollected from Pruitt lab but not by PruittData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. No anamalous patterns found.Parks, O. B., Kothamasu, K. S., Ziemba, M. J., Benner, M., Cristinziano, M., Kantz, S., ... & Sutton, S. (2018). Exposure to cuticular bacteria can alter host behavior in a funnel-weaving spider. Current zoology, 64(6), 721-726.Current Zoology2018Empiricalhttps://academic.oup.com/cz/article/64/6/721/4636542Undergraduate researchers in an HHMI class, led by KeiserYesData are valid and reliable, they will be uploaded to Figshare soon.
88
DoneCollected from Pruitt lab butt not by PruittNo anomalies foundData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by PruittKeiser, C.N., Pinter‐Wollman, N., Ziemba, M.J., Kothamasu, K.S. and
Pruitt, J.N., 2018. The primary case is not enough: Variation among
individuals, groups and social networks modify bacterial transmission
dynamics. journal of animal ecology, 87(2), pp.369-378.
Journal of Animal Ecology2018Empirical
https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2656.12729
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.47p7c
Keiser, Kothamasu, Ziemba, and Pinter-Wollman [from the author contribution statement: "C.N.K., M.J.Z. and K.S.K. performed the experiments; N.P.W. performed social network observations and analyses"--JBS]Yes, by CNK January 2020.The transmission data are valid and reliable. Some spider IDs were reused across different transmission networks, and it looks like their body size measurements were transferred incorrectly into the master data file (probably because of the Vlookup() function). Can cross-validate with older data sheets (CNK).NoN/AN/AN/AN/ANick Keiser (ckeiser@ufl.edu)
89
DoneNot from Pruitt labData not collected in Pruitt's labHunt, E. R., Mi, B., Fernandez, C., Wong, B. M., Pruitt, J. N., & Pinter-Wollman, N. (2018). Social interactions shape individual and collective personality in social spiders. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285(1886), 20181366.Proc R Soc B2018Empiricalhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2018.1366
https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.f78fc08
Noa and students [from author contribution section of the paper: "B.M., C.F., B.M.W. and N.P.-W. collected the data" --JBS]
90
DoneNot from Pruitt labData not collected in Pruitt's labHunt, E. R., Mi, B., Geremew, R., Fernandez, C., Wong, B. M., Pruitt, J. N., & Pinter-Wollman, N. (2019). Resting networks and personality predict attack speed in social spiders. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 73(7), 97.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2019Empiricalhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-019-2715-7
https://figshare.com/articles/Data_from_Resting_networks_and_personality_predict_attack_speed_in_social_spiders/11862309
Noa and students [from author contribution section of the paper: "BM, RG, CF, BW and NPW collected the data" --JBS]
91
Collected from Pruitt lab butt not by PruittNo anomalies foundData collected by others (Modlmeier & undergrad authors) in Pruitt's lab. No obvious anolomous patterns currently found (i.e. repeat sequences, formulas)Modlmeier, A. P., Laskowski, K. L., Brittingham, H. A., Coleman, A., Knutson, K. A., Kuo, C., ... & Pruitt, J. N. (2015). Adult presence augments juvenile collective foraging in social spiders. Animal Behaviour, 109, 9-14.Animal Behaviour
2015Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347215002936
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.07.033
Modlmeier, undergrad authors Yes by Luke Holman, Nick Brown, James Heather, Kate Laskowski Feb 3, 2020No irregularities detected so far. Some question about non-uniform distribution of terminal digits, but no evidence of duplicated sequences
92
DoneCollected from Pruitt lab butt not by PruittNo anomalies foundData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by Pruitt. No anomalous patterns found.Keiser, CN; Hammer, TJ; Pruitt, JN. 2019 Social spider webs harbour largely consistent bacterial communities across broad spatial scales. Biology Letters.Biology Letters2019Empiricalhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbl.2019.0436
https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2019.0436
https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3282cq2
Keiser collected samples, Hammer conducted sequencing and analyses. [from the author contribution statement: "C.N.K. collected the samples; samples were sequenced by SecondGenome and T.J.H. analysed the data."--JBS]Yes, by Keiser. Analyses were conducted independently by Hammer.Data are valid and reliable.NoN/AN/AN/ANoNick Keiser (ckeiser@ufl.edu)
93
DoneCollected from Pruitt lab butt not by PruittNo anomalies foundData collected in Pruitt's lab, but not by PruittSpicer, M. E., Pruitt, J. N., & Keiser, C. N. (2019). Spiders, microbes and sex: Bacterial exposure on copulatory organs alters mating behaviour in funnel‐web spiders. Ethology, 125(10), 677-685.Ethology2019Empiricalhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/eth.12921
https://doi.org/10.1111/eth.12921
https://figshare.com/articles/Data_for_Spider_et_al_2019_Ethology_-_Spiders_Microbes_and_Sex_xlsx/11770932
Spicer and KeiserData are valid and reliable.No (update by JF: concerns raised on PubPeer: https://pubpeer.com/publications/A13C67ABA339F537A0C41D23DA9C79) (update: We already addressed one of the concerns on PubPeer and are working on looking at the other MES)N/AN/AN/ANoNick Keiser (ckeiser@ufl.edu), Jeremy Fox (jefox@ucalgary.ca), Michelle Spicer (mes270@pitt.edu)
94
UnknownunknownPruitt, J. N., Riechert, S. E., & Jones, T. C. (2008). Behavioural syndromes and their fitness consequences in a socially polymorphic spider, Anelosimus studiosus. Animal Behaviour, 76(3), 871-879.Animal Behaviour2008Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347208002236
95
UnknownunknownPruitt, J. N., & Riechert, S. E. (2009). Sex matters: sexually dimorphic fitness consequences of a behavioural syndrome. Animal Behaviour, 78(1), 175-181.Animal Behaviour2009Empiricalhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347209001870
96
UnknownunknownPruitt, J. N., & Riechert, S. E. (2009). Male mating preference is associated with risk of pre-copulatory cannibalism in a socially polymorphic spider. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63(11), 1573-1580.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
2009Empiricalhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-009-0751-4
97
UnknownunknownPruitt, J. N., Taylor, J., & Troupe, J. E. (2009). Foraging benefits and limited niche overlap promote a mixed species association between two solitary species of spider. Behaviour, 1153-1170.Behaviour2009Empiricalhttps://www.jstor.org/stable/40296120#metadata_info_tab_contents
98
UnknownunknownPruitt, J. N., & Riechert, S. E. (2009). Frequency‐dependent success of cheaters during foraging bouts might limit their spread within colonies of a socially polymorphic spider. Evolution, 63(11), 2966-2973.Evolution2009Empiricalhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2009.00771.x
99
UnknownunknownJones, T. C., Pruitt, J. N., & Riechert, S. E. (2010). Reproductive success in a socially polymorphic spider: social individuals experience depressed reproductive success in isolation. Ecological Entomology, 35(6), 684-690.Ecological Entomology2010Empiricalhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2010.01227.x
100
Collected by PruittData collected by PruittPruitt, J. N. (2010). Differential selection on sprint speed and ad libitum feeding behaviour in active vs. sit‐and‐wait foraging spiders. Functional Ecology, 24(2), 392-399.Functional Ecology2010Empirical
https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2009.01655.x
Presumably Jonathan Pruitt because single-author paper
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