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Trends in State Support for Education 1986-2019
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StateYearGSP Per CapitaEducation Spending per PupilFiscal Effort:EUnemploymentGraduation_Rateunion vs. nonunion Migration Trends Migration Trends (label) see help sheetIncarceration rates (inmates/ 100,000)Reading Scores 4th Grade Reading Scores 8th Grade Math Scores 4th Grade Math Scores 8th Grade
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Alabama1986$14,040$2,5650.189.1 68.5022LMHS288
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Alaska1986$34,649$8,3040.2411.0 79.9033HMLS306
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Arizona1986$16,684$3,3360.206.9 70.8024HMHS273
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Arkansas1986$13,042$2,6580.208.5 78.7023HMLS202
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California1986$20,971$3,5430.176.8 70.5032LMHS213
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Colorado1986$18,553$3,9750.217.5 76.9823HMLS118
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Connecticut1986$22,795$4,7430.213.8 86.803n/aNHNT134
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Delaware1986$22,639$4,6100.203.9 76.0033HMLS312
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District of Columbia1986$18,932$5,3370.287.3 57.2033HMLS750
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Florida1986$16,124$3,5290.225.9 67.9034HMHS276
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Georgia1986$17,816$2,9960.175.9 69.5014HMHS260
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Hawaii1986$20,482$3,8070.194.5 86.903n/aNHNT145
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Idaho1986$13,236$2,4840.198.1 79.7033HMLS146
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Illinois1986$19,188$3,7810.208.3 80.8032LMHS171
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Indiana1986$15,795$3,2750.216.8 78.3032LMHS183
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Iowa1986$15,441$3,6190.236.8 88.8031LMLS99
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Kansas1986$17,146$3,8290.225.4 84.9033HMLS220
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Kentucky1986$14,465$2,4860.179.2 72.8022LMHS143
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Louisiana1986$17,213$3,1870.1912.5 65.8032LMHS324
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Maine1986$14,958$3,4720.235.2 77.9031LMLS106
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Maryland1986$18,810$4,4470.244.6 79.9834HMHS280
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Massachusetts1986$21,415$4,5620.214.0 77.0032LMHS91
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Michigan1986$17,693$4,1760.248.9 76.8032LMHS227
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Minnesota1986$18,595$3,9410.215.6 89.1032LMHS59
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Mississippi1986$12,065$2,3620.2012.1 65.3021LMLS253
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Missouri1986$16,871$3,1890.196.2 78.9922LMHS205
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Montana1986$13,810$4,0910.307.6 86.7033HMLS137
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Nebraska1986$16,585$3,6340.224.9 88.1031LMLS124
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Nevada1986$20,638$3,4400.176.6 79.3033HMLS464
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New Hampshire1986$18,315$3,5420.192.5 77.7033HMLS76
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New Jersey1986$21,052$5,5700.265.0 83.103n/aNHNT158
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New Mexico1986$15,338$3,1950.219.2 75.5033HMLS158
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New York1986$22,101$6,0110.276.2 72.0031LMLS216
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North Carolina1986$16,800$2,9480.185.3 73.7014HMHS259
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North Dakota1986$14,653$3,4830.245.9 88.9031LMLS54
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Ohio1986$17,193$3,5270.218.2 81.6032LMHS209
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Oklahoma1986$15,124$3,1460.218.5 78.603n/aNHNT298
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Oregon1986$15,744$4,1410.268.0 72.6034HMHS178
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Pennsylvania1986$16,265$4,3250.276.9 83.6032LMHS129
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Rhode Island1986$17,066$4,6670.274.0 75.7031LMLS103
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South Carolina1986$14,515$3,0580.216.2 69.4014HMHS330
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South Dakota1986$14,583$3,0510.214.7 84.9031LMLS151
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Tennessee1986$15,637$2,6120.177.9 68.4034HMHS160
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Texas1986$18,041$3,2980.188.9 70.6012LMHS233
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Utah1986$14,783$2,3900.166.2 81.7022LMHS105
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Vermont1986$15,588$4,0310.264.4 80.8033HMLS82
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Virginia1986$18,922$3,5200.194.9 78.8014HMHS216
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Washington1986$18,399$3,8810.218.0 76.6034HMHS148
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West Virginia1986$12,759$3,5280.2812.0 78.4021LMLS78
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Wisconsin1986$16,513$4,1680.256.9 88.2032LMHS120
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Wyoming1986$22,359$5,1140.238.9 78.6023HMLS174
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Alabama1987$15,090$2,5730.177.6 73.9022LMHS314
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Alaska1987$41,295$8,0100.1910.2 75.9833HMLS328
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Arizona1987$17,216$3,5440.216.4 72.7024HMHS307
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Arkansas1987$13,745$2,7330.208.1 79.4023HMLS232
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California1987$22,327$3,7280.175.8 69.7032LMHS233
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Colorado1987$19,286$4,1470.227.5 77.2023HMLS147
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Connecticut1987$25,023$5,4350.223.2 79.303n/aNHNT143
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Delaware1987$24,416$4,8250.203.1 74.5033HMLS339
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District of Columbia1987$20,046$5,7420.296.2 58.2033HMLS881
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Florida1987$17,245$3,7940.225.4 65.4034HMHS270
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Georgia1987$18,818$3,1810.175.5 69.7014HMHS285
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Hawaii1987$21,836$3,7870.173.6 87.003n/aNHNT143
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Idaho1987$14,037$2,5850.187.5 79.6033HMLS146
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Illinois1987$20,244$4,1060.207.4 81.0032LMHS174
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Indiana1987$16,658$3,5560.216.1 78.6032LMHS194
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Iowa1987$16,283$3,7700.235.8 88.1031LMLS103
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Kansas1987$17,948$3,9330.224.9 85.3033HMLS236
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Kentucky1987$15,358$2,7330.188.3 71.9022LMHS175
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Louisiana1987$17,611$3,0690.1711.8 64.2022LMHS354
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Maine1987$16,300$3,8500.244.3 80.4531LMLS105
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Maryland1987$20,171$4,7770.244.3 78.9034HMHS283
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Massachusetts1987$23,342$5,1450.223.4 78.8032LMHS101
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Michigan1987$18,162$4,3530.248.3 77.1032LMHS260
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Minnesota1987$19,822$4,1800.215.1 89.5032LMHS60
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Mississippi1987$12,988$2,3500.1810.4 67.2021LMLS260
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Missouri1987$17,765$3,4720.206.2 78.6022LMHS225
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Montana1987$14,476$4,1940.297.3 85.4033HMLS150
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Nebraska1987$17,103$3,7560.224.4 87.3031LMLS125
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Nevada1987$21,864$3,4400.166.1 80.4033HMLS433
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New Hampshire1987$20,363$3,9330.192.3 77.7033HMLS82
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New Jersey1987$22,898$5,9530.264.1 83.503n/aNHNT208
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New Mexico1987$15,538$3,5580.239.0 76.5033HMLS175
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New York1987$23,715$6,4970.274.9 71.9731LMLS229
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North Carolina1987$17,821$3,1290.184.6 72.2014HMHS252
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North Dakota1987$15,595$3,4370.225.1 88.7031LMLS57
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Ohio1987$17,919$3,6730.207.0 81.1032LMHS225
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Oklahoma1987$15,235$3,0990.207.5 77.103n/aNHNT300
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Oregon1987$16,647$4,3370.266.3 72.2034HMHS202
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Pennsylvania1987$17,484$4,6160.265.7 83.6032LMHS138
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Rhode Island1987$18,034$4,9850.283.6 75.7031LMLS100
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South Carolina1987$15,746$3,2140.205.2 72.6014HMHS351
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South Dakota1987$15,418$3,0970.204.4 86.8031LMLS163
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Tennessee1987$16,984$2,8270.176.8 69.5034HMHS160
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Texas1987$18,190$3,4090.198.5 70.7012LMHS234
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Utah1987$15,071$2,4150.166.2 82.6022LMHS109
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Vermont1987$17,196$4,3990.263.8 82.2033HMLS93
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Virginia1987$20,246$3,7800.194.2 79.6014HMHS218