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ACS TestArea of OperationTaskKRSCodeDescription
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PA.I.A.K1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationA. Pilot QualificationsKnowledgePA.I.A.K1Requirements for certification, recent flight experience, and recordkeeping.
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PA.I.A.K2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationA. Pilot QualificationsKnowledgePA.I.A.K2Privileges and limitations.
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PA.I.A.K3Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationA. Pilot QualificationsKnowledgePA.I.A.K3Medical certificates: class, expiration, privileges, temporary disqualifications.
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PA.I.A.K4Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationA. Pilot QualificationsKnowledgePA.I.A.K4Documents required to exercise private pilot privileges.
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PA.I.A.K5Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationA. Pilot QualificationsKnowledgePA.I.A.K5Part 68 BasicMed privileges and limitations.
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PA.I.A.R1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationA. Pilot QualificationsRisk ManagementPA.I.A.R1Failure to distinguish proficiency versus currency.
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PA.I.A.R2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationA. Pilot QualificationsRisk ManagementPA.I.A.R2Flying unfamiliar airplanes, or operating with unfamiliar flight display systems, and avionics.
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PA.I.A.S1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationA. Pilot QualificationsSkillsPA.I.A.S1Apply requirements to act as PIC under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) in a scenario given by the evaluator
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PA.I.B.K1aPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsKnowledgePA.I.B.K1aGeneral airworthiness requirements and compliance for airplanes, including: a. Certificate location and expiration dates
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PA.I.B.K1bPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsKnowledgePA.I.B.K1bGeneral airworthiness requirements and compliance for airplanes, including: b. Required inspections and airplane logbook documentation
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PA.I.B.K1cPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsKnowledgePA.I.B.K1cGeneral airworthiness requirements and compliance for airplanes, including: c. Airworthiness Directives and Special Airworthiness Information Bulletins
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PA.I.B.K1dPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsKnowledgePA.I.B.K1dGeneral airworthiness requirements and compliance for airplanes, including: d. Purpose and procedure for obtaining a special flight permit
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PA.I.B.K2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsKnowledgePA.I.B.K2Pilot-performed preventive maintenance.
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PA.I.B.K3aPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsKnowledgePA.I.B.K3aEquipment requirements for day and night VFR flight, to include: a. Flying with inoperative equipment
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PA.I.B.K3bPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsKnowledgePA.I.B.K3bEquipment requirements for day and night VFR flight, to include: b. Using an approved Minimum Equipment List (MEL)
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PA.I.B.K3cPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsKnowledgePA.I.B.K3cEquipment requirements for day and night VFR flight, to include: c. Kinds of Operation Equipment List (KOEL)
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PA.I.B.K3dPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsKnowledgePA.I.B.K3dEquipment requirements for day and night VFR flight, to include: d. Required discrepancy records or placards
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PA.I.B.R1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsRisk ManagementPA.I.B.R1Inoperative equipment discovered prior to flight.
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PA.I.B.S1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsSkillsPA.I.B.S1Locate and describe airplane airworthiness and registration information.
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PA.I.B.S2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsSkillsPA.I.B.S2Determine the airplane is airworthy in a scenario given by the evaluator.
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PA.I.B.S3Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationB. Airworthiness RequirementsSkillsPA.I.B.S3Apply appropriate procedures for operating with inoperative equipment in a scenario given by the evaluator.
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PA.I.C.K1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K1Acceptable sources of weather data for flight planning purposes.
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PA.I.C.K2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K2Weather products and resources required for preflight planning, current and forecast weather for departure, en route, and arrival phases of flight.
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PA.I.C.K3Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3Meteorology applicable to the departure, en route, alternate, and destination under VFR in Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC) to include expected climate and hazardous conditions such as:
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PA.I.C.K3aPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3aa. Atmospheric composition and stability
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PA.I.C.K3bPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3bb. Wind (e.g., crosswind, tailwind, windshear, mountain wave, etc.)
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PA.I.C.K3cPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3cc. Temperature
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PA.I.C.K3dPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3dd. Moisture/precipitation
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PA.I.C.K3ePrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3ee. Weather system formation, including air masses and fronts
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PA.I.C.K3fPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3ff. Clouds
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PA.I.C.K3gPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3gg. Turbulence
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PA.I.C.K3hPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3hh. Thunderstorms and microbursts
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PA.I.C.K3iPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3ii. Icing and freezing level information
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PA.I.C.K3jPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3jj. Fog
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PA.I.C.K3kPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K3kk. Frost
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PA.I.C.K4Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationKnowledgePA.I.C.K4Flight deck displays of digital weather and aeronautical information.
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PA.I.C.R1aPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationRisk ManagementPA.I.C.R1aFactors involved in making the go/no-go and continue/divert decisions, to include: a. Circumstances that would make diversion prudent
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PA.I.C.R1bPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationRisk ManagementPA.I.C.R1bFactors involved in making the go/no-go and continue/divert decisions, to include: b. Personal weather minimums
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PA.I.C.R.1cPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationRisk ManagementPA.I.C.R.1cFactors involved in making the go/no-go and continue/divert decisions, to include: c. Hazardous weather conditions to include known or forecast icing or turbulence aloft
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PA.I.C.R2aPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationRisk ManagementPA.I.C.R2aLimitations of: a. Onboard weather equipment
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PA.I.C.R2bPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationRisk ManagementPA.I.C.R2bLimitations of: b. Aviation weather reports and forecasts
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PA.I.C.R2cPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationRisk ManagementPA.I.C.R2cLimitations of: c. Inflight weather resources
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PA.I.C.S1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationSkillsPA.I.C.S1Use available aviation weather resources, obtain an adequate weather briefing, and correlate weather information to make a competent go/no-go decision.
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PA.I.C.S2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationC. Weather InformationSkillsPA.I.C.S2Discuss the implications of at least three of the conditions listed in K3a through K3k above, using actual weather or weather conditions in a scenario provided by the evaluator.
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PA.I.D.K1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningKnowledgePA.I.D.K1Route planning, including consideration of different classes and special use airspace (SUA) and selection of appropriate and available navigation/communication systems and facilities.
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PA.I.D.K2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningKnowledgePA.I.D.K2Altitude selection accounting for terrain and obstacles, glide distance of the airplane, VFR cruising altitudes, and the effect of wind.
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PA.I.D.K3aPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningKnowledgePA.I.D.K3aCalculating: a. Time, climb and descent rates, course, distance, heading, true airspeed, and groundspeed
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PA.I.D.K3bPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningKnowledgePA.I.D.K3bCalculating: b. Estimated time of arrival to include conversion to universal coordinated time (UTC)
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PA.I.D.K3cPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningKnowledgePA.I.D.K3cCalculating: c. Fuel requirements, to include reserve
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PA.I.D.K4Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningKnowledgePA.I.D.K4Elements of a VFR flight plan.
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PA.I.D.K5Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningKnowledgePA.I.D.K5Procedures for activating and closing a VFR flight plan.
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PA.I.D.R1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningRisk ManagementPA.I.D.R1Pilot.
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PA.I.D.R2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningRisk ManagementPA.I.D.R2Aircraft.
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PA.I.D.R3Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningRisk ManagementPA.I.D.R3Environment (e.g., weather, airports, airspace, terrain, obstacles).
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PA.I.D.R4Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningRisk ManagementPA.I.D.R4External pressures.
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PA.I.D.R5Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningRisk ManagementPA.I.D.R5Limitations of air traffic control (ATC) services.
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PA.I.D.R6Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningRisk ManagementPA.I.D.R6Improper fuel planning.
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PA.I.D.S1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningSkillsPA.I.D.S1Prepare, present, and explain a cross-country flight plan assigned by the evaluator including a risk analysis based on real-time weather, to the first fuel stop.
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PA.I.D.S2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningSkillsPA.I.D.S2Apply pertinent information from appropriate and current aeronautical charts, Chart Supplements; NOTAMs relative to airport, runway and taxiway closures; and other flight publications.
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PA.I.D.S3Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningSkillsPA.I.D.S3Create a navigation plan and simulate filing a VFR flight plan.
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PA.I.D.S4Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationD. Cross-Country Flight PlanningSkillsPA.I.D.S4Recalculate fuel reserves based on a scenario provided by the evaluator.
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PA.I.E.K1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationE. National Airspace SystemKnowledgePA.I.E.K1Types of airspace/airspace classes and associated requirements and limitations.
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PA.I.E.K2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationE. National Airspace SystemKnowledgePA.I.E.K2Charting symbology.
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PA.I.E.K3Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationE. National Airspace SystemKnowledgePA.I.E.K3Special use airspace (SUA), special flight rules areas (SFRA), temporary flight restrictions (TFR), and other airspace areas.
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PA.I.E.R1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationE. National Airspace SystemRisk ManagementPA.I.E.R1Various classes and types of airspace.
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PA.I.E.S1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationE. National Airspace SystemSkillsPA.I.E.S1Explain the requirements for basic VFR weather minimums and flying in particular classes of airspace.
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PA.I.E.S2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationE. National Airspace SystemSkillsPA.I.E.S2Correctly identify airspace and operate in accordance with associated communication and equipment requirements.
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PA.I.E.S3Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationE. National Airspace SystemSkillsPA.I.E.S3Explain the requirements for operating in SUA or within a TFR. Explain SATR and SFRA operations, if applicable.
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PA.I.F.K1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsKnowledgePA.I.F.K1Elements related to performance and limitations by explaining the use of charts, tables, and data to determine performance.
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PA.I.F.K2aPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsKnowledgePA.I.F.K2aFactors affecting performance, to include: a. Atmospheric conditions
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PA.I.F.K2bPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsKnowledgePA.I.F.K2bFactors affecting performance, to include: b. Pilot technique
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PA.I.F.K2cPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsKnowledgePA.I.F.K2cFactors affecting performance, to include: c. Airplane configuration
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PA.I.F.K2dPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsKnowledgePA.I.F.K2dFactors affecting performance, to include: d. Airport environment
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PA.I.F.K2ePrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsKnowledgePA.I.F.K2eFactors affecting performance, to include: e. Loading (e.g., center of gravity)
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PA.I.F.K2fPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsKnowledgePA.I.F.K2fFactors affecting performance, to include: f. Weight and balance
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PA.I.F.K3Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsKnowledgePA.I.F.K3Aerodynamics.
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PA.I.F.R1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsRisk ManagementPA.I.F.R1Inaccurate use of manufacturer’s performance charts, tables, and data.
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PA.I.F.R2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsRisk ManagementPA.I.F.R2Exceeding airplane limitations.
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PA.I.F.R3Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsRisk ManagementPA.I.F.R3Possible differences between calculated performance and actual performance.
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PA.I.F.S1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsSkillsPA.I.F.S1Compute the weight and balance, correct out-of-center of gravity (CG) loading errors and determine if the weight and balance remains within limits during all phases of flight.
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PA.I.F.S2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationF. Performance and LimitationsSkillsPA.I.F.S2Demonstrate use of the appropriate airplane manufacturer’s approved performance charts, tables, and data.
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PA.I.G.K1aPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1aa. Primary flight controls
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PA.I.G.K1bPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1bb. Secondary flight controls
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PA.I.G.K1cPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1cc. Powerplant and propeller
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PA.I.G.K1dPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1dd. Landing gear
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PA.I.G.K1ePrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1ee. Fuel, oil, and hydraulic
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PA.I.G.K1fPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1ff. Electrical
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PA.I.G.K1gPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1gg. Avionics
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PA.I.G.K1hPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1hh. Pitot-static, vacuum/pressure, and associated flight instruments
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PA.I.G.K1iPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1ii. Environmental
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PA.I.G.K1jPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1jj. Deicing and anti-icing
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PA.I.G.K1kPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1kk. Water rudders (ASES, AMES)
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PA.I.G.K1lPrivate Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K1ll. Oxygen system
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PA.I.G.K2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsKnowledgePA.I.G.K2Indications of and procedures for managing system abnormalities or failures.
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PA.I.G.R1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsRisk ManagementPA.I.G.R1Failure to detect system malfunctions or failures.
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PA.I.G.R2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsRisk ManagementPA.I.G.R2Improper management of a system failure.
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PA.I.G.R3Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsRisk ManagementPA.I.G.R3Failure to monitor and manage automated systems.
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PA.I.G.S1Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsSkillsPA.I.G.S1Explain and operate at least three of the systems listed in K1a through K1l above.
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PA.I.G.S2Private Pilot ACS Tasks and Subject AreasI. Preflight PreparationG. Operation of SystemsSkillsPA.I.G.S2Use appropriate checklists properly.