Core readings in philosophy by female authors for undergraduate curricula
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Philosophy of ScienceHesseMaryModels and Analogies in SciencePlease note that the Bennett online version is Bennett's translation. For more scholarly uses, please consider the scholarly edition of the entire correspondence published by UChicago Press. Correspondence between Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia and Rene Descartes, Chicago: U Chicago Press, 2007.http://www.earlymoderntexts.com/descelis.htmlIntro1643The interaction problem for dualism; just need the first three letters really
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Metaphysics/Phil LanguageThomassonAmieIf We Postulated Fictional Objects, What Would They Be?Dover Thrifthttp://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/34201792
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Philosophy of LanguageJonesConstanceA new law of thoughtUrbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/15487Intro1902
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applied ethicsCassidyLisa’Starving Children in Africa’: Who Cares?Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, (N.S.), 11: 166–186Intermediate1911History of semantics: she is into the intension/extension distinction; this paper is a sequence in a famous debate with Russell (including his 'KAKD')
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CausationSchulzLauraTamar Kushnir and Alison Gopnik"Learning from Doing: Intervention and Causal Inference in Children"ICS PublicationsIntroductory/Intermediate1917
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EthicsHursthouseRosalindNormative Virtue EthicsNew York: Longmans, Green and co.http://archive.org/details/creativeexperien00follIntro1924
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KorsmeyerCarolynThe Meaning of Taste and the Taste of Meaning in her Waiting for God, Harper-Collins, 2009. pp. 67-821942
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EthicsHeldVirginiaJournal of Symbolic Logic 11 (1):1-16 (1946)http://philpapers.org/rec/BARAFCIntermediate/Advanced1946
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EthicsHeldVirginiaFeminist Moral Inquiry and the Feminist FutureJournal of Symbolic Logic 11 (4):115-118 (1946)http://philpapers.org/rec/BARTDTIntermediate/Advanced1946
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Philosophy of LanguageHeimIreneFile change semantics and the familiarity theory of definitenessJournal of Symbolic Logic 12 (1):12-15 (1947)http://philpapers.org/rec/BARTIO-2Intermediate/Advanced1947
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Philosophy of ScienceDouglasHeather"Inductive risk and values in science"Citadel Intermediate1947
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EthicsLeGuinUrsulaThe Ones Who Walked Away from OmelasNew York: Routledge, 2002Intro1949
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applied ethicsCuddAnnJones, Leslie"Causal Laws and Effective Strategies"Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, New Series, Vol. 59, (1958 - 1959), pp. 83-104http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4544606?uid=3739448&uid=2&uid=3737720&uid=4&sid=21101842164141Intermediate1958
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Philosophy of LanguageKratzerAngelikaWhat 'must' and 'can' must and can meanRoutledge Kegan PaulIntro1958
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Philosophy of Mind/EpistemologySchellenbergSusannaThe Situation-Dependency of PerceptionPhilosophy 33: 1-19http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/3749051Introductory/Intermediate1958
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LogicBarcanRuthThe deduction theorem in a functional calculus of first order based on strict implicationIntermediateLondon, UK: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 19611961
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metaphysics / philosophy of religionBakerLynnDeath and the AfterlifeIntermediateLondon, UK: Shred and Ward1963
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Philosophy of Art/AestheticsKorsmeyerCarolynPleasure: Reflections on Aesthetics and FeminismArendt, Hannah (1964/1983). Eichmann in Jerusalem: A report on the banality of evil, rev. ed. New York: Penguin. Pp. 21-55, 76-77, 83-95, 105-106, 112-115, 145-147, 150, 252, 276-279, 287-298.intro1964
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Philosophy of biologyGannettLisaGroup Categories in Pharmacogenetics ResearchOxford Review 5 (1967): 5-15. Reprintred in Virtues and Viceshttp://philpapers.org/archive/FOOTPO-2.1.pdfIntro1967
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EpistemologyHealJaneCommon KnowledgeIn Between Past and Futurehttp://www.scribd.com/doc/87670611/Arendt-The-Crisis-in-Culture-1968Intermediate1968
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EthicsKorsgaardChristine"The Right to Lie: Kant on Dealing with Evil"Routledge & Kegan PaulIntro or Intermediate1970Alternative to duty-based approaches to ethics or a rich account of moral psychology
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EthicsMidgleyMaryTrying Out One's New SwordJournal of Philosophy 67 (14): 471-481intro/intermediate1970
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Political PhilosophyBrockGillianGlobal Justice: A Cosmopolitan AccountLakatos and Musgrave (eds.) _Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge_intermediate1970Influential early response to Kuhn
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CausationPaulL. A."Aspect Causation"ARTnews January 1971, 22-39/67-71.http://faculty.winthrop.edu/dufresnel/ARTH%20452/Nochlingreatwomenartists.pdfIntro/IntermediateAmelia Jones, ed. The feminism and visual culture reader. Routledge, 1971. 229-33.1971As a counterpoint in the unit on artistic "genius"
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EthicsBenedictRuthThe Case for Moral Relativism \intermediateSosa and Tooley (eds.) _Causation_ (1993)1971Critique of Humean regularity theories of causation
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EthicsThomsonJudith JarvisSelf DefensePhilosophy and Public Affairs 2 (1971): 146-159. 1971
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Philosophy of biologyPotochnikAngelaErika L. Milam, Roberta L. Millstein, Joan E. RoughgardenSex and sensibility: The role of social selectionPhilosophy and Public Affairs 1, 47-66 http://spot.colorado.edu/~heathwoo/Phil160,Fall02/thomson.htmintroductory1971
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Philosophy of mindAkinsKathleen Of sensory systems and the aboutness of mental statesPhilosophical Review, Vol. 81, No. 3, Jul., 1972 http://www.jstor.org/stable/2184328Beginner/Intermediate1972
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EthicsThomsonJudith JA defense of abortionin her The Wind's Twelve Quarters, Harper and Rowe, pp. 275-284, 1975 (and widely anthologized elsewhere)1973
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ethicsNussbaumMarthaJudging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital MutilationPhilosophical Studies 29: 249-261http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00411885?LI=true#intro/intermediateReprinted in K. DeRose and T. Warfield (eds.), Skepticism: A Contemporary Reader, OUP 19991976Any unit on contextualism in epistemology could use this as a first paper--it laid the foundations for a lot of later stuff.
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Philosophy of MindChurchlandPatricia"Substance Dualism"Linguistics and Philosophy 1(3):337–55http://semantics.uchicago.edu/kennedy/classes/s08/semantics2/kratzer77.pdfIntermediate1977
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EthicsLangtonRae"Duty and Desolation" (aka "Maria von Herbert's Challenge to Kant")Philosophical Quarterly 28(11): 116-131Intro1978
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feminism / race studiesCollinsPatricia HillMammies, Matriarchs, and Other Controlling ImagesPhilosophy 53: 465-479www.jstor.orgIntermdiate1978I haven't used this in teaching but I think it would work well in a class in which animal rights was discussed through readings from people like Singer.
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Philosophy of ScienceMastermanMargaret"The Nature of a Paradigm"Reflections on Gender and Science, Yale UP, 1985Intro/Intermediate1978
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Philosophy of MindBlackmoreSusanConsciousness: An Introduction (2nd Ed.)Philosophy of Science, Vol. 46, No. 2http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/187048?uid=3739560&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101853296281Intermediate1979This is a classic paper on the concept of fitness, essentially required if you want to cover the topic at all
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Philosophy of mindHealJaneUnderstanding other minds from the insideNous 13 (4): 419-437intermediate/advanced1979
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EpistemologyAntonyLouise"Quine as Feminist: The Radical Import of Naturalized Epistemology"J Phil v. 77 151-166.intermediatePereboom, Free Will and Determinism (Hackett 2009)1980Challenging but satisfying within a course on freedom and determinism, admitted of dense inference-diagramming (modified Beardsley-style).
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EthicsThomsonJudith A Defense of AbortionIn Matters of Life and Death, Tom Regan, ed., Temple U Press. 260-2941980
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Philosophy of biologyRoughgardenJoanThe Myth of Sexual SelectionHuman Studies 3.1: 137-56http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02331805?LI=true#page-1 IntroductoryAlso available in a 2005 OUP collection of Young's essays1980See also this PDF (unclear what the copyright is): http://www.newschool.edu/tcds/wr09reader_gender/3_Young_Throwing%20Like%20a%20Girl.pdf
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EpistemologySchellenbergSusannaExperience and EvidenceThe Journal of Philosophy 78: 429-458https://0efcb99f-a-62cb3a1a-s-sites.googlegroups.com/site/stumpep/Eternity.pdf?attachauth=ANoY7cqyATBrNfCvE8xyJFTQ2MWHqpDm7HDPNdXzMzZOBX1mC-TJbhQP5Cu9vPpcmLLaZVtSuJO0VO-shliMmPFuZ4DLwu6loF5Zp-_un5xusWiLrO7tNQtzLfZM4T9_r3torXiNvIZICNr3vb5FVszuEWC07d5d0VWxKYkbeyYzc1NpIluSiC7WJgYXMKu2SCwRumJ_RaQxU3Ec3FxmQZGrd-jCMuVEJQ%3D%3D&attredirects=0introductory1981
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EthicsMurdochIrisThe Sovereignty of GoodPhilosophia, 10, nos 3-4, 169-188. Reprinted in Postures of the Mindintro/intermediate1981used as a way of introducing social aspect of personhood/consciousness
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Phil MindGertlerBrieIn Defense of Mind-Body DualismHeart and MindIntro1981
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Philosophy of MindGertler BrieIn Defense of Mind-Body DualismJournal of Philosophy (79(8): 419-439)Intro1982
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Ethics/Free WillWolfethics"Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility"Journal of Philosophy 80(4):201-220http://philpapers.org/rec/THOPAI-21983
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Moral/political/"evil"ArendtHannahEichmann in JerusalemPartee and Portner (eds) /Core Readings in Semantics/https://webspace.utexas.edu/deverj/personal/filechange.pdfIntermediateI believe this was availalbe in MS only prior to collection in the Portner and Partee1983
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ethicsThomsonJudith JThe Trolley ProblemThe Yale Law Journal, Vol. 94, No. 6 (May, 1985), pp. 1395-1415. 1985
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Ethics- Care EthicsKittayEvaLove's Labor: Essays on Women, Equality and DependencySouthern Journal of Philosophyhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.2041-6962.1985.tb00404.x/abstract;jsessionid=1E7459637822E42A0419F056869AD68B.d03t02?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=falseIntroAlso in Robert Larmer, Questions of Miracle1985
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Philosophy of biologyMillsteinRobertaSkipper, Robertcould experience disconfirm the propositions of arithmetic?Faith and Philosophy, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 392-423intro/intermediate1985
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Philosophy of Science/EpistemologyKellerEvelyn Fox"Gender and Science"Phil & Public Affairs, Vol 14 No 3www.jstor.org/stable/2265350Intro /1985Good for intro to ethics / applied article on the meaning of the second formulation of the CI.
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Philosophy of biologyLloydElisabethKanzi, evolution, and languageIn Ruth Bleier (ed.), Feminist Approaches to Science, pp. 119-46. New York: Pergamon. Intro and intermediateReprinted in Janet A. Kourany (ed.), The Gender of Science, pp. 171-91. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education/Prentice-Hall, 2002; reprinted in Elliott Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology, pp. 131-159. Cambridge: Bradford Books of MIT Press, 2006.1986Used in lower division phil bio class. Part of a unit on sex and selection selection that contains readings from Charles Darwin, Sarah Hrdy, Joan Rougharden, Michael Ghiselin, and Angela Potochnik. Also used in an intermediate class in conjunction with papers on adaptationism and Elisabeth Lloyd's work on female orgasm.
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Philosophy of MindLevinJanetFunctionalismexerpted from Churchland's _Neurophilosophy: Toward a Unified Science of the Mind-Brain_ introStump and Murray (eds.) _Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions_1986Objections to substance dualism
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Epistemology/OntologyBordoSusanUnbearable WeightPacific Phil Quarterly 68intermediatereprinted in Sosa et al, Epistemology: An Anthology, 2nd edition (Blackwell)1987
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EthicsTessmanLisaBurdened VirtuesFaith and Philosophy vol 4 no 3, pp. 294-3031987
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Philosophy of biologyLloydElisabethPre-Theoretical Assumptions in Evolutionary Explanations of Female SexualityCanadian Journal of Philosophy, supplementary volume 13 (1987), pp. 111-137.intro/intermediate1987
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EpistemologyMaddyPenelopeNaturalism and Common SenseSchoeman (ed.) _Responsibility, Character, and the Emotions: New Essays in Moral Psychology_ pp. 46-62Intro/IntermediateFeinberg and Shafer-Landau (eds.) _Reason and Responsibility_ (12th edition, 2005)1988
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PhenomenologySteinEdithOn the Problem of EmpathyProceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 63: 297-310Introductory/IntermediateAlso available in a 1990 OUP collection, The Problem of Evil, edited by Marilyn McCord Adams and Robert Merrihew Adams1989
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Philosophy of MindMillikanRuthBiosemanticsJournal of Philosophy 86: 281-97in: Chalmers, D. (ed): Philosophy of Mind. NY: OUP, 20021989
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EthicsOstromElinor "Collective Action and the Evolution of Social Norms"In Science as social knowledge: values and objectivity in scientific inquiry. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Intro/IntermediateCurd, Martin, and J. A. Cover (1998), Philosophy of science : the central issues. 1st ed. New York: W.W. Norton.1990http://f12.middlebury.edu/PHIL0214A/PHIL0214-Science_and_Society/Home_files/Longino%20Boghossian.ppt
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LogicBarcanRuthA functional calculus of first order based on strict implicationIntermediate1990
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EthicsFootPhilippaThe Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of Double Effect Philosophy and Public AffairsInto/Intermediate1991
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Philosophy of LanguageMillikanRuthLanguage Conventions Made SimplePhilosophy and Public Affairs, 20 (3): 223-246Intro/Intermediate1991
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Philosophy of biologyGannettLisaMaking Populations: Bounding Genes in Space and in TimePhilosophical Studies: An International Journal for Philosophy in the Analytic Tradition, Vol. 69, No. 2/3Intermediate1992Can be paired with articles on sexuality or adaptationism
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Philosophy of mindMillikanRuthPushmi-pullyu RepresentationsPhilosophy 67: 481-505http://web.mit.edu/langton/www/pubs/DutyandDesolation.pdfIntro/IntermediateSher, Ethics: Essential Reading in Moral Theory (Routledge 2012); Singer, Oxford Reader: Ethics (OUP 1994).1992Used shorter version (from Sher/Singer anthologies) as follow up to Kant. Engaging discussion of real life case. Also a great example of how to engage critically with historical texts.
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EpistemologyBakerJudithTrust and RationalityAntony and Witt (eds.) _A Mind of One's Own_ (1993)http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02331805?LI=true#page-1 Intermediatereprinted in Sosa et al, Epistemology: An Anthology, 2nd edition (Blackwell)1993Antony's piece, along with a few other interesting papers by female authors can be found in the Sosa et al anthology. I think all of those articles are now on this list and inclusion in the anthology noted. I highly recommend the anthology for intro/intermediate epistemology classes.
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epistemology, philosophy of mind, decision theoryPaulL. A. What Mary Can't Expect When She is ExpectingThe Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism
51:2 (Spring 1993): 199–206.
Intro/Intermediate1993
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Philosophy of ReligionMcCord AdamsMarilynHorrendous Evils and the Goodness of Godin Daniel Dennett and His Critics, ef. B. Dahlbom (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 124-60.1993http://www.sfu.ca/~kathleea/docs/Boring&Myopic.pdfintro/intermediate1993I paired it with Nagel's "What is it like to be a bat" and Dennett's Quining Qualias.
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CausationCartwrightNancy"Causal laws and effective strategies"Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 94, 279-292http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/4545199intermediate1994
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Cultural criticismArendtHannahThe Crisis in CulturePhilosophy of Science, 61 (4): 646-657.intermediateKlee (ed.) _Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science_ (1999)1994Critique of feminist epistemology
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EpistemologyFrickerElizabeth S.Against Gullibilityin Matilal, Chkrabarti, Knowing from Words (Kluwer)intermediatereprinted in Sosa et al, Epistemology: An Anthology, 2nd edition (Blackwell)1994
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languageBarcan MarcusRuthModalities: Philosophical EssaysPhilosophical Quarterly 44: 65-73http://bigfatgenius.com/532%20Summer%202008/Zagzebski-Inescapability_Gettier_Problems.pdfIntermediatereprinted in Sosa et al, Epistemology: An Anthology, 2nd edition (Blackwell)1994
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Philosophy of ScienceCartwrightNancyFundamentalism vs. the Patchwork of LawsCanadian Journal of Philosophy, supplementary volume 20 (1994), pp. 21-42.intermediateCurd and Cover (eds.) _Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues_ (1998)1994
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EpistemologyStineGailSkepticism, Relevant Alternatives, and Deductive ClosurePhilosopy and Public Affairs, Vol 24, No. 4, Autumn, 1995http://www.jstor.org/stable/2961930Introductory/Intermediate1995
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LogicBarcanRuthThe identity of individuals in a strict functional calculus of second orderMind 104 (414):235-329 (1995)http://philpapers.org/rec/EDGOCIntermediate1995
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MetaphysicsThomsonJudith Jarvis"Parthood and Identity Across Time"1995To talk about what philosophy is, how it relates to the good life.
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Metaphysics and EthicsWolfSusanAsymmetrical FreedomPhilosophical Perspective, 9, 1995, 185-200http://www.philosophy.uconn.edu/department/millikan/pushmi.pdf1995
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Philosophy of Social ScienceHaslangerSally“Gender and Race: (What) Are They? (What) Do We Want Them to Be?”Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 73.2. 260-8.Intermediate1995
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EpistemologyHaackSusanA Foundherentist Theory of Empirical JustificationCreating the Kingdom of Ends (Cambridge, 1996), Chapter 5, 133-158.Intro1996Great way to help students digest Kant, look at how a friendly amendment essay works, and engage in dialogue with Korsgaard based on their grasp of Kant's Goundwork.
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Metaphysics/philosophy of mindBaierAnnette"Cartesian Persons"Journal of Philosophyhttp://heraclite.ens.fr/~roy/ENS/Archives/04-05/restricted_area/Textes/Aboutness.pdfIntermediate1996
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PhenomenologyYoungIris MarionOn Female Body Experience."Throwing Like a Girl" and Other EssaysJournal of Consciousness Studies, 3, No. 5–6, 1996, pp. 402–8http://horizons-2000.org/5.%20Mind%20and%20Metaphysics/Web%20papers/P.S.%20Churchland,%20The%20Hornswoggle%20Problem.htm1996
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Philosophy of MindNida-RümelinMartinePseudonormal vision: an actual case of qualia inversion?Phil Studies 82:145-57introin: Chalmers, D. (ed): Philosophy of Mind. NY: OUP, 20021996
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EthicsTiberiusValerieWell-Being: Psychological Research for PhilosophersSocial Philosophy and Policy 14 (01):207-225 1997
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MetaphysicsHaslangerSally"Persistence Through Time"Philosophy of the Environment, ed Chappell, 1997Intro1997As an accessible article, for intro ethics, that takes a problem-orented stance toward the tension named in her title.
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ethicsSwantonChristineA Virtue Ethical Account of Right Action,Journal of philosophyhttp://www.philosophy.uconn.edu/department/millikan/conventn.pdf1998
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Ethics, Metaphysics of Identity'BrisonSusanOutliving OneselfCanadian Journal of Philosophy, 1994 http://spot.colorado.edu/~cleland/articles/gender_and_biological_sciences.pdfIntermediate1998
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Philosophy of Art/AestheticsNochlinLindaWhy Have There Been No Great Women Artists?Collected in /Mind, Reason, and Imagination/ (Cambridge)Intro/Intermediate1998
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Philosophy of ScienceLonginoHelenValues and ObjectivityCarolyn Korsmeyer, ed.
Aesthetics: The Big Questions
, pp. 155–70. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998
Intro/IntermediateCarolyn Korsmeyer, ed.
Aesthetics: The Big Questions
, pp. 155–70. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998
1998
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EpistemologyZagzebskiLindaWhat is Knowledge?\1999
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EthicsNussbaumMarthaHiding from Humanity:
Disgust, Shame, and the Law
Chapter 1 of her *Fiction and Metaphysics*, Cambridge U PressIntro/intermediateThe Kim/Korman/Sosa Metaphysics anthology (second edition)1999I paired it with Quine's "On What There Is" in an advanced undergrad metaphysics class, and used it in connection with the problem of empty names in an advanced undergrad phil language class. I wouldn't hesitate to use it in a lower-level class, as a stand-alone discussion of whether we should believe in fictional characters, and if so what they are. Students love it.
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EthicsO'NeillOnoraBetween Consenting Adultsin Pojman, The Theory of Knowledge: Classical and Contemporary Readings, 2nd edition (Wadsworth)intro/intermediatereprinted in Sosa et al, Epistemology: An Anthology, 2nd edition (Blackwell)1999
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Ethics/Existentialismde BeauvoirSimoneEthics of AmbiguityThe Philosophical Quarterly 49, 471-490http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/2660497intermediatereprinted in Sosa et al, Epistemology: An Anthology, 2nd edition (Blackwell)1999
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LogicEdgingtonDorothyOn ConditionalsEthics 109: 287–337http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/233897Intermediate1999
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MetaphysicsWilsonJessicaWhat is Hume's dictum, and why believe it?What Is Justice?: Classic and Contemporary Readings, 2nd edn, Oxford University Press, ed. Robert Solomon and Mark Murphy, 120-126.1999
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Political PhilosophyValentiniLauraIdeal vs. Nonideal Theory: A Conceptual Map in her Sex and Social Justice, Oxford University Press, 1999, pp. 118-129 (and anthologized elsewhere, like Reason & Responsibility)1999
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Political Philosophy/Feminist PhilosophyWollstonecraftMaryA Vindication of the Rights of WomanThe Blackwell Guide to Epistemology, John Greco and Ernest Sosa, eds. Blackwell Publishers1999
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EpistemologyNagelJenniferEpistemic IntuitionsNous 34 (1): 31-55.

http://www.jstor.org/stable/2671972Intro/Intermediate2000Scroll down to bottom of screen for Handout and PPT: http://f12.middlebury.edu/PHIL0213A (Also: in-class exercises at end of PPT)
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EthicsAnscombeG.E.M.Modern Moral PhilosophyCanadian Journal of Philosophy (30:55–84)http://individual.utoronto.ca/jmwilson/CEDtPoA.pdfIntermediate2000
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Ethics / moral psychologyAnnas.JuliaVirtue Ethics and Social PsychologycausationJournal of Philosophy 97 (4): 235-256intermediateCollins, Hall, and Paul (eds.) _Causation and Counterfactuals_ (2004)2000
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Philosophy of biologyMillsSusanBeatty, JohnThe Propensity Interpretation of FitnessJournal of Economic Perspectives 14(3)Intro/Intermediate2000This, along with Ostrom's other work, provides some empirical background on how "commons problems" get solved.
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Philosophy of ScienceOkruhlikKathleen "Gender and the Biological Sciences"Philosophy of Science 67 (4):559-579.http://www.jstor.org/stable/188707Intro/Intermediate2000http://f12.middlebury.edu/PHIL0214A/PHIL0214-Science_and_Society/Home_files/Inductive%20Risk%20Values.pptx
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