Depolarization database
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Title
Date published
OutletAuthorSummaryLink
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Psychological Vaccine Against Fake News — Cambridge Social Decision-Making
Lab
Aug 21 2018
sdmlab.psychol.cam.ac.uk
Cambridge Social Decision Making Labwe found that the presence of "sticky" misinformation (about climate change) neutralized the influence of simple facts almost entirely. Yet, by forewarning and exposing subjects to a weakened version of the falsehood and by preemptively debunking this falsehood with even stickier "facts" (the vaccine), the effect of scientific evidence on public attitudes about climate change was partially preserved, varying as a function of how detailed the inoculation was. Importantly, we also found that the "vaccine" even had some retroactive benefits among those ideologically predisposed to be skeptical about the issue of climate change.
https://www.sdmlab.psychol.cam.ac.uk/news/fakenewsvaccine
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How seeing a political logo can impair your understanding of facts | PBS
NewsHour
Sep 3 2018PBSUniversity of PensylvaniaThe presence of political logos on social media undermines people's ability to learn, share and have a ratinal discussion on an issue
https://www.pbs.org/newshour/science/how-seeing-a-political-logo-can-impair-your-understanding-of-facts
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#REF!Oct 23 2018Open DemocracyPerry Walker - TalkshopExperiences in the run up to and aftermath of the UK Referedume on remaining in the EU with facilitated conversations between votrs on both sides of the debate
https://www.opendemocracy.net/transformation/perry-walker/helping-people-to-find-common-ground-on-brexit
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Moral Outrage in the Digital Age2017
Nature Human Behaviour
Molly CrockettHow does Moral Outrage function differently in the Digital Age
https://static1.squarespace.com/static/538ca3ade4b090f9ef331978/t/5a53c0d49140b7212c35b20e/1515438295247/Crockett_2017_NHB_Outrage.pdf
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The Hidden Tribes of AmericaOct 20 2018More in CommonMore in CommonResearch into the political tribes and differences of groups in the US.
https://hiddentribes.us/
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Does Violent Protest Backfire? Testing a Theory of Public Reactions to Activist ViolenceOct 11 2018SociusSimson, Willer and FeinbergViolence in political protest leads the general public to view a protest group as less reasonable, reducing identification (support) with the group. Furthermore, the authors argue that violence also leads to more support for groups that are perceived as opposing the violent group. Tested people's views before and after exposure to newspaper articles discussing violence. - authors apply to increasing dislike of white supremicists post Charlottesville
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2378023118803189
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Elite polarization, party extremity, and affective polarizationDec 2018Electoral StudiesBanda and CluveriusIncreasing elite polarization triggers increasing affective polarization among the rest of the popluation - based on studies for 1970s to 2016 in America
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261379418301975
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Forecasting tournaments, epistemic humility and attitude depolarizationOct 30 2018CognitionTetlock, Mellers and ArkesForecasting tournaments encourage deliberation - which reduces polarisation. If people stop, think and consider issues, they are likely to take a more nuanced position
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010027718302798
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How People Update Beliefs about Climate Change: Good News and Bad NewsFeb 2016
Harvard Law School
Cass R. Sunstein,* Sebastian Bobadilla-Suarez, ** Stephanie C. Lazzaro,** Tali Sharot**
Using climate change as an example, people are more likely to believe news stories that confirm their existing beliefs than ones that challenge them. (aysmetrical updating). Does that mean that placing new information in the public domain increaes polarization?
http://www.law.harvard.edu/programs/olin_center/papers/pdf/Sunstein_883.pdf
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Exposure to opposing views on social media can increase polarizationSept 2018PNASBale, Argyle, Brown, Bumpus and othersExperiment on twitter exposing people over a month to a bot of opposing views and tracking the impact. Conservatives becames significantly more hostile to liberals (US based work) but liberals did not undergo the same degree of polarization
http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/115/37/9216.full.pdf
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AFFECTIVE POLARISATION, INTERNET AND SOCIAL MEDIA USE IN THE UK2018
Oxford Internet Institute
Marchal and WatsonExplores affective polarization in the UK and finds that there is no obvious explanation to it in the UK and calls for urgent further research
http://blogs.oii.ox.ac.uk/policy/wp-content/uploads/sites/77/2018/09/IPP2018-Marchal.pdf
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#N/AApr 2018SSRNMarks, Copeland et alWe have a bias to people who are politically likeminded to us even when discussing non politicical issues
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3162009
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British FutureSept 2018British FutureRutter and CarterICM survey showing over 60% of the UK inhabits an extreme pro or anti immigration view
http://www.britishfuture.org/publication/national-conversation-immigration-final-report/
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Loss of Confidence ReportDec 2018
Society for Improvement of Psychological Science
Roher et alStudy asking academics to review the confidence in their work - and examinign the barriers to them doing so
https://psyarxiv.com/exmb2
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The revenge of the places that don't matter | VOX, CEPR Policy Portal
Jan 2019CEPR Policy PortalAndres Rodriguez-PoseThe costs of agglomoartion (boom towns) for those left behind, and why asking them to move is often ineffective.
https://voxeu.org/article/revenge-places-dont-matter
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Trust in Scientists on Climate Change and Vaccines - Lawrence C. Hamilton,
Joel Hartter, Kei Saito, 2015
Aug 2015Hamilton, Hartter and SaitoTested in Oregon and New Hampshire, the authors asked Democrats and Republicans how much they trusted scienstist as a source of information on environement issues and vaccinations. It showed that across issues, Republicans trusted scientists less
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2158244015602752
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