Parliament representativeness in 12 FPTP countries
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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZAAABACADAEAFAGAHAIAJAKALAM
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Source: Wikipedia
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Choice of election:
first election (Singapore, Malaysia) -- in both, women only got the vote in the 1959 election
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first universal suffrage election (UK, Canada)
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first post-independence election (India, Bangladesh, Botswana, Yemen)
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first multiparty election (Kenya, Pakistan, Tanzania) / first multiparty election in most recent multiparty period (Ghana)
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NB: since at least 2008, Pakistan's National Assembly has reserved 70 seats for women and minority candidates (i.e., list candidates, making them Mixed-Member Majoritarian systems). Same thing for Kenya since 2002. These are disregarded in the govt seat %
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Singapore
Malaysia
UK
Canada
India
Pakistan
Bangladesh
Botswana
Kenya
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Yearevents
govt vote %
govt seats %
% contesteddiscrepancyYear
govt vote %
govt seats %discrepancyYear
govt vote %
govt seats %
discrepancyYear
govt vote %
govt seats %
discrepancyYear
govt vote %
govt seats %discrepancyYear
govt vote %
govt seats %
discrepancyYeargovt vote %
govt seats %
discrepancyNotesYear
govt vote %
govt seats %
discrepancyYear
govt vote %
govt seats %
discrepancy
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195527.152.00100-24.90195579.698.1-18.5192937.146.67-9.57192141.1550.21-9.06195144.9974.44-29.45197039.253.33-14.13197373.297.67-24.47196580.490.32-9.92199224.553.19-28.69
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1959
women's suffrage
54.184.31100-30.21195951.771.15-19.4519315576.42-21.42192546.1340.825.31195747.7875.10-27.32197760.177.50-17.40197941.269-27.80196968.377.42-9.121997
No vote share given
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196346.972.55100-25.65196458.585.58-27.08193547.862.76-14.96192642.947.35-4.45196244.7273.08-28.361985
Nonparty - military government
198642.351-8.70
BNP boycott
197476.684.38-7.78200256.158.96-2.86
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1968Independence86.7100.0012.07-13.30196949.365.97-16.67194547.761.41-13.71193047.7955.1-7.31196740.7854.42-13.64198837.648.10-10.50198868.483.67-15.27
BNP & Awami boycott
197975.290.63-15.432007
No vote share given
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197270.4100.0087.69-29.60197460.787.66-26.96195046.150.40-4.30193544.6870.61-25.93197143.6867.95-24.27199037.453.62-16.22199130.846.67-15.8719846885.29-17.292013
No vote share given
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197674.1100.0076.81-25.90197857.284.42-27.2219514851.36-3.36194051.3273.06-21.74197751.8954.98-3.09199337.943.00-5.1019961001000.00
Awami & Jatiya boycott
198964.7891.18-26.40
Avg discrepancy
-15.78
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198077.7100.0050.67-22.30198260.585.71-25.21195549.754.76-5.06194539.7848.16-8.38198042.6969.00-26.31199745.966.18-20.28199637.448.67-11.27199454.761.36-6.66
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198464.897.4762.03-32.67198655.883.62-27.82195949.457.94-8.54194949.1572.9-23.75198449.175.80-26.70200226.334.50-8.20200141.464.33-22.93199957.1582.50-25.35
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1988
GRCs introduced
63.298.7761.73-35.57199053.470.55-17.15196444.150.32-6.22195348.4363.77-15.34198940.6626.2414.42200830.7933.58-2.7920084976.67-27.67200451.7377.19-25.46
Tanzania
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1991
GCT first election; "by-election" strategy
6195.0649.38-34.06199565.284.38-19.1819664857.78-9.78195738.5142.26-3.75199135.6644.77-9.11201332.7746.32-13.55201479.14781.14
BNP boycott
200953.2678.95-25.69Year
govt vote %
govt seats %
discrepancy
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19976597.5943.37-32.59199956.576.68-20.18197046.452.38-5.98195853.6778.49-24.8219962935.23-6.23
Avg discrepancy
-12.02
Avg discrepancy (non-boycott)
-21.67201446.4564.91-18.46199559.2280.17-20.95
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200175.397.6234.52-22.32200463.990.41-26.51197437.247.40-10.20196237.2243.77-6.55199837.2146.61-9.40
Avg discrepancy
-17.05200065.1987.45-22.26
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2006
LHL first election
66.697.6255.95-31.02200850.2763.06-12.79197439.250.24-11.04196341.4848.3-6.82199937.0649.54-12.4820057088.79-18.79
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201160.193.1094.25-33.00201346.5359.91-13.38197943.953.39-9.49196540.1849.43-9.25200435.440.15-4.75
Ghana
201060.277.82-17.62
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Avg discrepancy
-28.08
Avg discrepancy
-21.29198342.461.08-18.68196845.3758.33-12.96200937.2248.25-11.03Yeargovt vote %
govt seats %
discrepancyNotes
Yemen
Avg discrepancy
-19.91
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Avg post-1988 discrepancy
-31.43198742.257.85-15.65197238.4241.29-2.8720143961.88-22.88199277.594.5-17
Opposition boycott
Year
govt vote %
govt seats %
discrepancy
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199241.951.61-9.71197443.1553.41-10.26
Avg discrepancy
-15.0419965366.5-13.5199328.740.53-11.83
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199743.263.43-20.23197935.8948.23-12.34200044.9849.5-4.52199743.162.13-19.03
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200140.762.67-21.97198044.3452.13-7.79
Congress / UPA
200449.0455.65-6.6120035879.07-21.07
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200535.254.95-19.75198450.0374.82-24.79BJP / NDA200842.250.43-8.23
Avg discrepancy
-17.31
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201059.155.853.25198843.0257.29-14.27
Janata (1977)
201246.4153.82-7.41
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201536.950.77-13.87199341.2460-18.76
NF (1989) - minority govt
Avg discrepancy (non-boycott)
-8.06
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Avg Tory discrepancy
-11.52199738.4651.5-13.04
UF (1996) - minority govt
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Avg Labour discrepancy
-12.68200040.8557.14-16.29
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Avg discrepancy
-11.37200436.7343.83-7.1
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200636.2740.26-3.99
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Tory200837.6546.43-8.78
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Labour201139.6253.9-14.28
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Lib Dem
Avg discrepancy
-11.76
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Liberal
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Conservative / Progressive Conservative
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FPTP vote % minus seat % by country-year
Most disproportionate elections