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CategorySpecific InterventionStrength of EvidenceWho's Researching?Add Current Research To Table

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IADLs

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1. Occupation-Based and Client-CenteredMultidisciplinary Interventions: Interventions provided by more than 1 discipline and targeted several outcomes (e.g. ADL, IADL)Home-based multicomponent program (including occupational therapy) in adults with differing functional abilitiesResearch Sufficient Add my research

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Multidisciplinary vision rehabilitation to improve function in older adults with low visionPriority Research Area

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Occupational Therapy Interventions: Lifestyle Redesign interventions, client-centered and occupation-based OT interventionsClient-centered occupational therapy program, such as Lifestyle Redesign programPriority Research Area

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Occupation-centered interventions in the home setting for community-dwelling older adultsPriority Research Area

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2. Functional Activity Interventions Functional Task Exercise Programs: Using exercises such as transporting objects and moving objects from a differing height as well as walkingExercise involving functional activities for older adultsPriority Research AreaAdd my research

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Simulated IADL Programs: Designed to mimic the performance of daily functional tasks (e.g. laundry, vacuuming) Simulated IADL programs for older adultsPriority Research Area

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3. Performance Skills InterventionsPhysical Activity Intervention: Effectiveness of general exercise programs, resistance training, aerobics, balance training, flexibility exercise, cardiorespiratory fitness, Tai chi, and general physical activity sessionsProgressive resistance strength training to improve community mobility and meal preparation Priority Research AreaAdd my research

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Physical activity for improving self-efficacy and increasing satisfaction with physical function and increasing time spent on activities of moderate or greater intensity in older adultsPriority Research Area

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Physical conditioning to improve driving performance for older adultsPriority Research Area

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Long-term physical exercise program to improve community mobilityPriority Research Area

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Physical activity performance to improve IADL performancePriority Research Area

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Weight training to improve walking performance Priority Research Area

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Cognitive Skill Intervention: Effects of training in memory, inductive reasoning, and speed of processing on daily functioningCognitive skill training for community-dwelling older adultsPriority Research Area

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Interventions for Older Adults with Low Vision: Vision rehabilitationMultidisciplinary vision rehabilitation to improve function in older adults with low visionPriority Research Area

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4. Home Modification and Assistive TechnologyInterventions related to the external physical environment (e.g. home adaptations) and the objects in them (e.g. assistive technology)Home modifications to improve IADL performance in older adultsPriority Research AreaStark, Washington University School of MedicineAdd my research

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5. Interventions Supporting Participation in Driving Interventions addressing driving performance skills (e.g. motor and praxis, visual skills) and educationPhysical conditioning to improve driving performance for older adultsPriority Research Area Add my research

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Short-term classroom and on-road instruction to improve driving knowledgePriority Research Area

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Visual skills training, community mobility programs, and vehicle adaptations to improve driving performance in older adultsPriority Research Area

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Fall Prevention and Home Modification

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6. Multicomponent or Multifactorial InterventionsMulticomponent: group-based intervention that integrates multiple fall risk factors into the group intervention. Multifactorial: Interventions tailored to target an individual’s specific risk factors, often combining several interventions,including: Home modification, vision management, gait and balance training, and exerciseMulticomponent or multifactorial intervention approach addressing multiple risk factors to reduce fallsResearch SufficientAdd my research

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Home safety assessment for older adults with visual impairmentPriority Research Area

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7. Physical Activity InterventionsBoth group and individual sessions including: balance retraining, walking, general exercise in sitting and standing, lower-extremity strengthening, use of workstation format, and Tai chi.Physical activity (regardless of type) to reduce falls and decrease fall riskPriority Research AreaAdd my research

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Strengthening, balance retraining, and a walking plan to reduce falls and injuries for those >80 yearsPriority Research Area

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8. Home Assessment and Home ModificationIncluded hazard identification, home modifications that included structural changes to the inside and outside of the home, assistive technology, and assistive devicesHome modification and adaptive equipment provided by occupational therapy practitioners to reduce functional decline and improve safetyResearch SufficientStark, Washington University School of MedicineAdd my research

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Occupational therapy assessment followed by home modifications for those with a history of fallsPriority Research Area

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Home modification for older adults aging with a disability, reduced perceived difficulty with ADLs and IADLsPriority Research Area

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Health Management and Maintenance

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9. Client-Centered Occupational Therapy ProgramsClient-centered occupational therapy to improve physical functioning and occupational performance related to health management in frail, older adults and older adults with osteoarthritis and macular degenerationResearch SufficientAdd my research

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10. Health Education ProgramsGroup health education programs led by educators and other health professionalsPriority Research AreaAdd my research

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11. Self-Management ProgramsPeople worked collaboratively with a health care professional to develop an individualized plan to address the participant’s health on the basis of his or her goals and preferencesSelf-management health programs individually tailored in conjunction with health professionalsPriority Research AreaSchwartz, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Add my research

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Peer-led self-management programs that include diagnosis-specific information, medication management, and problem-solving skillsPriority Research Area

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12. Specific Performance Skill InterventionsSpecifically the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral interventions to address physical activity and sleep on community-living older adults, the efficacy of cardiac rehabilitation program and habit training for older adults with incontinenceCognitive-behavioral intervention for improving adherence to a physical-activity programPriority Research AreaAdd my research

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Cognitive-behavioral intervention for improving sleep of older adult with insomniaPriority Research Area

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Community-based health management program combined with skills training for community-dwelling older adults with severe mental illnessPriority Research Area

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Other research in this area Add my research