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Table 1: Human Development Index and its components

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Human Development Index (HDI)Life expectancy at birthMean years of schoolingExpected years of schooling Gross national income (GNI) per capita GNI per capita rank minus HDI rankNonincome HDI

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Value(years)(years)(years)(2005 PPP $)Value

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HDI rank201220122010a2011b201220122012

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Very high human development

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1Norway0.95581.312.617.548,68840.977

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2Australia0.93882.012.0c19.6d34,340150.978

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3United States0.93778.713.316.843,48060.958

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4Netherlands0.92180.811.6c16.937,28280.945

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5Germany0.92080.612.216.4e35,431100.948

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6New Zealand0.91980.812.519.7d24,358260.978

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7Ireland0.91680.711.618.3d28,671190.960

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7Sweden0.91681.611.7c16.036,14360.940

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9Switzerland0.91382.511.0c15.740,52720.926

.

10Japan0.91283.611.6c15.332,545110.942

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11Canada0.91181.112.315.135,36950.934

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12Korea (Republic of)0.90980.711.617.228,231150.949

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13Hong Kong, China (SAR)0.90683.010.015.545,598-60.907

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13Iceland0.90681.910.418.3d29,176120.943

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15Denmark0.90179.011.4c16.833,51840.924

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16Israel0.90081.911.915.726,224130.942

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17Belgium0.89780.010.9c16.433,42930.917

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18Austria0.89581.010.815.336,438-50.908

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18Singapore0.89581.210.1c14.4f52,613-150.880

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20France0.89381.710.6c16.130,27740.919

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21Finland0.89280.110.316.932,51020.912

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21Slovenia0.89279.511.716.923,999120.936

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23Spain0.88581.610.4c16.425,94780.919

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24Liechtenstein0.88379.810.3g11.984,880h-220.832

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25Italy0.88182.010.1c16.226,15850.911

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26Luxembourg0.87580.110.113.548,285-200.858

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26United Kingdom0.87580.39.416.432,538-50.886

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28Czech Republic0.87377.812.315.322,067100.913

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29Greece0.86080.010.1c16.320,511130.899

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30Brunei Darussalam0.85578.18.615.045,690-230.832

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31Cyprus0.84879.89.814.923,82540.869

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32Malta0.84779.89.915.121,18490.876

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33Andorra0.84681.110.4i11.733,918j-150.839

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33Estonia0.84675.012.015.817,402130.892

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35Slovakia0.84075.611.614.719,69690.872

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36Qatar0.83478.57.312.287,478k-350.761

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37Hungary0.83174.611.715.316,088130.874

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38Barbados0.82577.09.316.317,308100.859

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39Poland0.82176.310.015.217,77670.851

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40Chile0.81979.39.714.714,987130.863

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41Lithuania0.81872.510.915.716,85870.850

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41United Arab Emirates0.81876.78.912.042,716-310.783

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43Portugal0.81679.77.716.019,90700.835

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44Latvia0.81473.611.5c14.814,724100.856

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45Argentina0.81176.19.316.115,34770.848

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46Seychelles0.80673.89.4l14.322,615-90.808

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47Croatia0.80576.89.8c14.115,41940.837

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High human development

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48Bahrain0.79675.29.413.4e19,154-30.806

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49Bahamas0.79475.98.512.627,401-210.777

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50Belarus0.79370.611.5l14.713,385110.830

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51Uruguay0.79277.28.5c15.513,333110.829

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52Montenegro0.79174.810.5l15.010,471240.850

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52Palau0.79172.112.213.7e11,463m180.840

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54Kuwait0.79074.76.114.252,793-510.730

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55Russian Federation0.78869.111.714.314,46100.816

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56Romania0.78674.210.414.511,011160.836

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57Bulgaria0.78273.610.6c14.011,474120.826

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57Saudi Arabia0.78274.17.814.322,616-210.774

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59Cuba0.78079.310.216.25,539n440.894

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59Panama0.78076.39.413.213,51910.810

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61Mexico0.77577.18.513.712,94740.805

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62Costa Rica0.77379.48.413.710,863120.816

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63Grenada0.77076.18.6e15.89,257210.827

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64Libya0.76975.07.316.213,765-80.791

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64Malaysia0.76974.59.512.613,676-70.791

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64Serbia0.76974.710.2c13.69,533160.823

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67Antigua and Barbuda0.76072.88.913.313,883-120.776

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67Trinidad and Tobago0.76070.39.211.921,941-280.743

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69Kazakhstan0.75467.410.415.310,45180.791

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70Albania0.74977.110.411.47,822210.807

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71Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)0.74874.67.6c14.411,475-20.774

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72Dominica0.74577.67.7l12.710,977-10.771

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72Georgia0.74573.912.1o13.25,005370.845

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72Lebanon0.74572.87.9l13.912,364-50.762

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72Saint Kitts and Nevis0.74573.38.4e12.912,460-50.763

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76Iran (Islamic Republic of)0.74273.27.814.410,695-10.769

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77Peru0.74174.28.713.29,30660.780

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78The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia0.74075.08.2o13.49,37720.777

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78Ukraine0.74068.811.314.86,428220.813

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80Mauritius0.73773.57.213.613,300-170.745

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81Bosnia and Herzegovina0.73575.88.3l13.47,713130.787

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82Azerbaijan0.73470.911.2l11.78,15350.780

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83Saint Vincent and the Grenadines0.73372.58.6e13.39,367-10.767

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84Oman0.73173.25.5l13.524,092-510.694

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85Brazil0.73073.87.214.210,152-80.755

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85Jamaica0.73073.39.613.16,701140.792

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87Armenia0.72974.410.812.25,540160.808

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88Saint Lucia0.72574.88.3e12.77,97110.768

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89Ecuador0.72475.87.613.77,47170.772

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90Turkey0.72274.26.512.913,710-320.720

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91Colombia0.71973.97.313.68,711-60.751

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92Sri Lanka0.71575.19.3c12.75,170180.792

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93Algeria0.71373.47.613.67,41840.755

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94Tunisia0.71274.76.514.58,103-60.746

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Medium human development

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95Tonga0.71072.510.3c13.74,153260.807

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96Belize0.70276.38.0c12.55,32780.767

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96Dominican Republic0.70273.67.2c12.38,506-110.726

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96Fiji0.70269.410.7c13.94,087240.794

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96Samoa0.70272.710.3l13.03,928280.800

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100Jordan0.70073.58.612.75,27280.766

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101China0.69973.77.511.77,945-110.728

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102Turkmenistan0.69865.29.9p12.6e7,782-100.727

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103Thailand0.69074.36.612.37,722-100.715

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104Maldives0.68877.15.8c12.57,478-90.715

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105Suriname0.68470.87.2o12.47,327-70.710

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106Gabon0.68363.17.513.012,521-400.668

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107El Salvador0.68072.47.512.05,915-50.723

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108Bolivia (Plurinational State of)0.67566.99.213.54,44470.740

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108Mongolia0.67568.88.314.34,245100.746

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110Occupied Palestinian Territory0.67073.08.0l13.53,359q200.761

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111Paraguay0.66972.77.712.14,49740.730

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112Egypt0.66273.56.412.15,401-60.702

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113Moldova (Republic of)0.66069.69.711.83,319190.747

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114Philippines0.65469.08.9c11.73,752110.724

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114Uzbekistan0.65468.610.0o11.63,201190.740

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116Syrian Arab Republic0.64876.05.7c11.7e4,674r-20.692

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117Micronesia (Federated States of)0.64569.28.8p11.4e3,352m140.719

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118Guyana0.63670.28.510.33,387110.703

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119Botswana0.63453.08.911.813,102-550.596

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120Honduras0.63273.46.511.43,42680.695

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121Indonesia0.62969.85.812.94,154-30.672

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121Kiribati0.62968.47.8e12.03,079130.701

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121South Africa0.62953.48.5c13.1e9,594-420.608

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124Vanuatu0.62671.36.7e10.63,960-10.672

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125Kyrgyzstan0.62268.09.312.62,009240.738

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125Tajikistan0.62267.89.811.52,119190.731

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127Viet Nam0.61775.45.511.92,97090.686

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128Namibia0.60862.66.211.35,973-270.611

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129Nicaragua0.59974.35.810.82,551100.671

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130Morocco0.59172.44.410.44,384-130.608

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131Iraq0.59069.65.610.03,557-40.623

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132Cape Verde0.58674.33.5e12.73,609-60.617

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133Guatemala0.58171.44.110.74,235-140.596

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134Timor-Leste0.57662.94.4s11.75,446-290.569

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135Ghana0.55864.67.011.41,684220.646

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136Equatorial Guinea0.55451.45.4o7.921,715-970.463

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136India0.55465.84.410.73,285-30.575

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138Cambodia0.54363.65.810.52,09590.597

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138Lao People's Democratic Republic0.54367.84.610.12,43520.584

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140Bhutan0.53867.62.3s12.45,246-310.516

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141Swaziland0.53648.97.110.75,104-300.515

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Low human development

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142Congo0.53457.85.910.12,934-50.553

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143Solomon Islands0.53068.24.5p9.32,17210.572

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144Sao Tome and Principe0.52564.94.7s10.81,86470.579

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145Kenya0.51957.77.011.11,541150.588

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146Bangladesh0.51569.24.88.11,78590.567

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146Pakistan0.51565.74.97.32,566-90.534

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148Angola0.50851.54.7s10.24,812-350.479

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149Myanmar0.49865.73.99.41,81750.537

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150Cameroon0.49552.15.910.92,114-40.520

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151Madagascar0.48366.95.2p10.4828280.601

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152Tanzania (United Republic of)0.47658.95.19.11,383100.527

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153Nigeria0.47152.35.2s9.02,102-60.482

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154Senegal0.47059.64.58.21,65340.501

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155Mauritania0.46758.93.78.12,174-120.473

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156Papua New Guinea0.46663.13.95.8e2,386-150.464

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157Nepal0.46369.13.28.91,137110.526

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158Lesotho0.46148.75.9c9.61,879-80.476

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159Togo0.45957.55.310.6928160.542

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160Yemen0.45865.92.58.71,820-70.474

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161Haiti0.45662.44.97.6e1,07070.521

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161Uganda0.45654.54.711.11,16850.511

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163Zambia0.44849.46.78.51,35800.483

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164Djibouti0.44558.33.8o5.72,350-220.435

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165Gambia0.43958.82.88.71,731-90.448

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166Benin0.43656.53.29.41,439-50.459

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167Rwanda0.43455.73.310.91,14700.476

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168Côte d'Ivoire0.43256.04.26.51,593-90.444

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169Comoros0.42961.52.8p10.298640.484

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170Malawi0.41854.84.210.4774100.492

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171Sudan0.41461.83.14.51,848-190.405

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172Zimbabwe0.39752.77.210.1424t140.542

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173Ethiopia0.39659.72.2s8.71,017-20.425

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174Liberia0.38857.33.910.5e480110.502

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175Afghanistan0.37449.13.18.11,000-30.393

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176Guinea-Bissau0.36448.62.3o9.51,042-60.373

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177Sierra Leone0.35948.13.37.3e88100.380

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178Burundi0.35550.92.711.354440.423

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178Guinea0.35554.51.6s8.8941-40.368

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180Central African Republic0.35249.13.56.872210.386

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181Eritrea0.35162.03.4e4.653130.418

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182Mali0.34451.92.0c7.5853-40.359

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183Burkina Faso0.34355.91.3o6.91,202-180.332

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184Chad0.34049.91.5p7.41,258-200.324

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185Mozambique0.32750.71.29.2906-90.327

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186Congo (Democratic Republic of the)0.30448.73.58.531900.404

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186Niger0.30455.11.44.9701-40.313

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Other countries or territories

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Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)..69.0..........

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Marshall Islands..72.3..11.7......

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Monaco..82.3..........

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Nauru..80.0..9.3......

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San Marino..81.9..12.5......

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Somalia..51.5..2.4......

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South Sudan..............

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Tuvalu..67.5..10.8......

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Human Development Index groups

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Very high human development0.90580.111.516.333,3910.927

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High human development0.75873.48.813.911,5010.781

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Medium human development0.64069.96.311.45,4280.661

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Low human development0.46659.14.28.51,6330.487

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Regions

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Arab States0.65271.06.010.68,3170.658

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East Asia and the Pacific0.68372.77.211.86,8740.712

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Europe and Central Asia0.77171.510.413.712,2430.801

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Latin America and the Caribbean0.74174.77.813.710,3000.770

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South Asia0.55866.24.710.23,3430.577

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Sub-Saharan Africa0.47554.94.79.32,0100.479

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Least developed countries0.44959.53.78.51,3850.475

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Small island developing states0.64869.87.310.75,3970.673

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World0.69470.17.511.610,1840.690

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NOTES

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a. Data refer to 2010 or the most recent year available.

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b. Data refer to 2011 or the most recent year available.

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c. Updated by HDRO based on UNESCO (2012) data.

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d. For the HDI calculation this value is capped at 18 years.

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e. Based on cross-country regression.

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f. Calculated by the Singapore Ministry of Education.

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g. Assumes the same adult mean years of schooling as Switzerland before the most recent update.

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h. Estimated using the purchising power parity (PPP) rate and the projected growth rate of Switzerland.

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i. Assumes the same adult mean years of schooling as Spain before the most recent update.

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j. Estimated using the purchasing power parity (PPP) rate and the projected growth rate of Spain.

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k. Based on implied PPP conversion factors from IMF (2012).

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l. Based on the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2012) estimate of educational attainment distribution.

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m. Based on projected growth rates by the Asian Development Bank (2012).

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n. PPP estimate based on cross-country regression; projected growth rate based on ECLAC (2012) and UNDESA (2012c) projected growth rates.

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o. Based on data from UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys for 2002–2012.

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p. Based on data on years of schooling of adults from household surveys in the World Bank's International Income Distribution Database.

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q. Based on an unpublished estimate of the PPP
conversion rate from the World Bank and projected growth rates from UNESCWA (2012) and UNDESA (2012c).

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r. Based on projected growth rates from UNDESA(2012c).

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s. Based on data from ICF Macro (2012).

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t. Based on PPP data from IMF (2012).

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DEFINITIONS

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Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 for details on how the HDI is calculated.

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Life expectancy at birth: Number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infant’s life.

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Mean years of schooling: Average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older, converted from education attainment levels using official durations of each level.

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Expected years of schooling: Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout the child’s life.

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Gross national income (GNI) per capita: Aggregate income of an economy generated by its production and its ownership of factors of production, less the incomes paid for the use of factors of production owned by the rest of the world, converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity (PPP) rates, divided by midyear population.

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GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank: Difference in rankings by GNI per capita and by the HDI. A negative value means that the country is better ranked by GNI than by the HDI.

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Nonincome HDI: Value of the HDI computed from the life expectancy and education indicators only.

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MAIN DATA SOURCES

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Column 1: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2011), Barro and Lee (2011), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2012), World Bank (2012a) and IMF (2012).

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Column 2: UNDESA (2011).

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Column 3: Barro and Lee (2011) and HDRO updates based on UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2012) data on education attainment and on Barro and Lee (2010) methodology.

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Column 4: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2012).

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Column 5: HDRO calculations based on data from World Bank (2012a), IMF (2012) and UNSD (2012a).

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Column 6: Calculated based on data in columns 1 and 5.

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Column 7: Calculated based on data in columns 2, 3 and 4.