The Commonwealth of

Puerto Rico


Puerto Rico was “discovered” by Christopher Columbus.



On July 25, 1898, during the Spanish–American War, the U.S. invaded Puerto Rico with a landing at Guánica. As an outcome of the war, Spain ceded Puerto Rico, along with the Philippines and Guam, then under Spanish sovereignty, to the U.S. under the Treaty of Paris. Spain relinquished sovereignty over Cuba, but did not cede it to the U.S.[53]

The United States and Puerto Rico began a long-standing metropolis-colony relationship.[54] In the early 20th century, Puerto Rico was ruled by the military, with officials including the governor appointed by the President of the United States. The Foraker Act of 1900 gave Puerto Rico a certain amount of civilian popular government, including a popularly elected House of Representatives.

colonial relationship

1952 commonwealth

#2 Puerto Rico is a commonwealth.

There are currently two United States insular areas with the status of commonwealth, the Northern Mariana Islandsand Puerto Rico.

In the terminology of the United States insular areas, a Commonwealth is a type of organized but unincorporateddependent territory.

#3 Puerto Ricans are US citizens.

residents do not have to pay the federalpersonal income tax.

#4 Puerto Rico is home to the world’s largest telescope.

The observatory's 1000 foot radio telescope is the world's largest single-aperture telescope. It is used in three major areas of research: radio astronomy, atmospheric science, and radar astronomy. Scientists who want to use the observatory submit proposals that are evaluated by an independent scientific board.

#5 Puerto Rico’s native frog is called the ‘coqui’.

#6 Puerto Rico’s has three of the world’s beautiful bioluminescent bay.

Dinoflagellates (dinos). These “dinos” are responsible for this amazing natural phenomenon. When the “dinos” come into contact with another organism or shaken they produce a bright burst of blue light.

#7 The largest shopping mall in the Caribbean and the second largest in Latin America is located in Puerto Rico.

chilis, zara, old navy, pandora → highest grossing in the world. borders


#8 Puerto Rico has $72 billion in debt.

#9 Puerto Rico has the highest sales tax rate in the US.

#10 Puerto Rico has not only many beautiful beaches but also lots of beautiful people.


Learning Night - PR - Google Slides