Age of Absolutism

Augugliaro & Patten

Global History II

Regents Review

Absolute Monarch

A king or queen with absolute power and control

Divine Right Theory

  • Divine Right Theory - The King is an agent from God and authority to rule comes directly from God

India

Akbar the Great

  • Very Tolerant
  • Encouraged Trade
  • Modernized the Army

France

Louis XIV – The Sun King

  • Positives
    • Expanded Bureaucracy
    • Organized a Strong Army
  • Negatives
    • Built Palace of Versailles (Deficit Spending)
    • Persecuted the Huguenots – Depriving the nation of hard-working prosperous citizens

Spain

Philip II

  • Believed he ruled by divine right.
  • Golden Age
  • Power slowly declined spent money on wars overseas.
  • Middle class taxed heavily and stopped supporting the government.

Russia

Peter the Great

  • Westernization is bring Western ideas into Russia
  • Did NOT gain a warm water port!!

Catherine the Great

  • DID gain a warm water port!
  • Enlightened Despot

Warm Water Port = Increase in Trading

Glorious Revolution
Non-Violent Transfer of Power

Limited Monarchy – A legislative body that limits the King’s Power

English Bill of Rights

  • King must work with Parliament
  • Abolished excessive find and cruel punishment

Magna Carta 1215

- Limited monarchy

King has limited authority

- Social Contract between the king and his people

- No Taxation without representation

- Due process of law and right to a trial

English Bill of Rights 1689

- Limits the power of the King

- King must consult with Parliament before implementing laws

- Freedom of speech

- Due process of the law

Age of Absolutism - Google Slides