Chapter 11 KI 4: Why are Situation and Site Factors Changing?

Josh Hill and Mercedee Halladay

Why are Situation and Site Factors Changing?

  • Changes within Developed Regions

  • Emerging Industrial Regions

  • Renewed Attraction of Traditional Industrial Regions

Changes in Developed Regions

  • Shifts within the U.S.
      • Industrialization didn’t affect the South as much because they weren’t as technologically advanced in the 19th and 20th centuries.
      • Manufactures have been lured by right-to-work laws that help them get employees.

-Right-to-work laws: legislation that requires a factory to prohibit workers from being forced to join a union.

      • U.S. Industry shifted from the Northeast → South and West over time.

NE → S & W

Emerging Industrial Regions

    • Mexico and NAFTA
      • Since 1994, most barriers to moving goods among Mexico, the US, and Canada have been eliminated by the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
      • Mexico’s an ideal place for labor intensive industries because:
                • Proximity to US
                • Low-Cost Labor

Bonus Fact: maquiladoras are Mexican plants near US Border.

Emerging Industrial Regions cont.

  • BRIC and BRICS
  • Brazil, Russia, India, and China are expected to become the top industrial powers by the 21st century. South Africa was invited into it in 2010.

(Not LEGO)

Renewed Attraction of Traditional Industrial Regions

  • Why do people stay in traditional industrial regions?
  • Availability of Skilled Labor
    • Asset found principally in traditional industrial regions.

  • Rapid Delivery to Market
    • Proximity to market has become more important since the advent of just-in-time delivery.
    • Just-in-time delivery: the delivery method where parts and materials arrive at a factory moments before they are needed.

VIDEO RE-CAP

Ooh! Look, a potato!

Ch 11 KI 4 PPT Pd 2 - Google Slides