WWI and its Effect on the Arts

Objective for January 15, 2019

I can analyze the impact of WW1 through art so I can better understand the people of that time period and why they are referred to as the “lost generation”.

TCELLs / SLOs

Tech Skills- I will navigate the digital world & be proficient in web-based software.

Employment Skills_ I will understand the importance of punctuality and organization.

Homework: Complete Artwork at home and bring to class tomorrow.

10.6.4

  • Discuss the influence of World War I on literature, art, and intellectual life in the West (e.g., Pablo Picasso, the “lost generation” of Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway).
  • You will learn how the arts & philosophy of the 1920-1930s were influenced by WWI
    • Belief in human reason & progress was shattered
    • Reflected in work of the period

Ms. Ramos

Lost Generation

  • Attributed to Gertrude Stein
  • Popularized by Ernest Hemingway
    • The Sun Also Rises

http://imagecache02a.allposters.com/images/BOOK/BD037.jpg

http://www.knowledgerush.com/wiki_image/8/86/Gertrude_stein.jpg

Ms. Ramos

http://www.montgomerycollege.edu/Departments/hpolscrv/jbolhofer.html

  • The "Lost Generation" defines a sense of moral loss or aimlessness apparent in literary figures during the 1920s. World War I seemed to have destroyed the idea that if you acted virtuously, good things would happen. Many good, young men went to war and died, or returned home either physically or mentally wounded (for most, both), and their faith in the moral guideposts that had earlier given them hope, were no longer valid...they were "Lost."

http://www.montgomerycollege.edu/Departments/hpolscrv/jbolhofer.html

Ms. Ramos

WWI Poetry

Ms. Ramos

http://www.sangam.org/2009/11/images/Flandersfields_000.jpg

Ms. Ramos

Poets’ Corner

  • Westminster’s Abbey
  • 16 Great War poets remembered

  • "My subject is War, and the pity of War. The Poetry is in the pity.“
    • Wilfred Owen

http://oxfordprints.com/Ackermann/Ack.%20West.%20Poets.jpg

Ms. Ramos

Themes in Early Modern Art

  • Uncertainty/insecurity.
  • Disillusionment.
  • The subconscious.
  • Overt sexuality.
  • Violence & savagery.

Ms. Ramos

Early Modern Art

Ms. Ramos

Ms. Ramos

  • Number 1-29 on a piece of paper
  • For each picture, indicate which theme it represents:
    • 1. incertanty/ insecurity
    • 2. disillusionment
    • 3. subconscious
    • 4. Overt sexuality
    • 5. Violence & savagery
  • Write a word or two to describe your reaction

Ms. Ramos

Edvard Munch: The Scream (1893)

Expressionism

  • Using bright colors to express a particular emotion.

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Franz Marc: Animal Destinies (1913)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Wassily Kandinsky: On White II (1923)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Gustav Klimt:
Judith I (1901)

Secessionists

  • Disrupt the conservative values of Viennese society.
  • Obsessed with the self.
  • Man is a sexual being, leaning toward despair.

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Gustav Klimt: The Kiss (1907-8)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Henri Matisse:

Open Window
(1905)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Georges Braque: Violin & Candlestick (1910)

CUBISM

  • The subject matter is broken down, analyzed, and reassembled in abstract form.
  • Cezanne → The artist should treat nature in terms of the cylinder, the sphere, and the cone.

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Georges Braque:

Woman with a Guitar
(1913)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Georges Braque: Still Life: LeJeur (1929)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Picasso: Studio with Plaster Head (1925)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Pablo Picasso:

Woman with a
Flower
(1932)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Paul Klee: Red & White Domes (1914)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Paul Klee: Senecio (1922)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

George Grosz

Grey Day
(1921)

DaDa

  • Ridiculed contemporary culture & traditional art forms.
  • The collapse during WW I of social and moral values.
  • Nihilistic.

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

George Grosz

The Pillars
of Society

(1926)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Marcel Duchamp: Fountain (1917)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Salvador Dali: Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War), 1936

Surrealism

  • Late 1920s-1940s.
  • Came from the nihilistic genre of DaDa.
  • Influenced by Feud’s theories on psychoanalysis and the subconscious.
  • Confusing & startling images like those in dreams.

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Salvador Dali:
The Persistence of Memory (1931)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Salvador Dali: The Apparition of the Face and Fruit Dish on a Beach (1938)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Salvador Dali: Geopoliticus Child Watching the Birth of a New Man (1943)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Walter Gropius: Bauhaus Building (1928)

Bauhaus

  • A utopian quality.
  • Based on the ideals
    of simplified forms
    and unadorned
    functionalism.
  • The belief that the machine economy could deliver elegantly designed items for the masses.
  • Used techniques & materials employed especially in industrial fabrication & manufacture → steel, concrete, chrome, glass.

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Walter Gropius: Lincoln, MA house (1938)

http://www.pptpalooza.net/PPTs/EHAP/EarlyModernEuropeanArt.ppt#267,2,Slide 2

Ms. Ramos

Ms. Ramos

  • More art after WWI:
  • 1914-18 war - Art of the First World War - List of painters

Ms. Ramos

Adapted from Ms. Pojer

Copy of WW1 Arts 2019 - Google Slides