France & the Fur Trade

Chapter 8

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Essential Questions

The French and the English had different approaches to settlement in North America. In what ways were they different?

What problems did they find? How did the French solve these problems?

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France Joins In

Giovanni da Verrazano is hired to map the New World.

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I wonderโ€ฆ Why was mapping so important?

Thinking Broadly

Identifying and articulating questions we have is an important thinking skill. Give students the opportunity to think broadly about todayโ€™s topic and identify their own questions. Show their responses anonymously on the projector to discuss.

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Giovanni da Verrazzano

France was very late to get into the exploration business. They started in 1524. That was 32 years after Columbus.

France hires and Italian explorer, Giovanni da Verrazzano, and his mapmaker brother.

King Francis I of France tells him to make maps of the lands that he finds.

Verrazzano travels from North Carolina to Newfoundland, Canada carefully mapping the areas he explored.

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Jacques Cartier

  • Lead three expeditions into what is now Canada.
  • He explores along the Labrador coast and the St. Lawrence River in what is now Canada.
  • Along the way he creates settlements, one of which will eventually become Montreal.
  • Cartier named Canada because of the Iroquois word for Settlement - canata
  • He kidnaps two Indian chiefโ€™s sons and takes them back to France. The King of France is impressed and funds further expeditions. Somehow he manages to maintain good relationships with the Indians.
  • The Indians even teach him how to cure scurvy with evergreens.

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Champlain and New France - 1602

Champlain started his exploration of the New World as a young boy. During this time, he forged relationships with the native people while trading for beaver furs.

In 1620 King Louis XIII, of France, orders Champlain to Quebec to take care of running the city.

Champlain explores the area and sets up trading settlements in Nova Scotia but are then moved to Quebec.

Fur Trade

Fur traders moved south looking for supply. This lead the exploration of the Mississippi River while claiming more land for France. As they explored they needed to canoe and portage boats and supplies

The French territories became very large and very hard to defend against other European explorers.

The French people did not want to become settlers. It was very cold and had a very short growing season for farming.

The French resorted to using criminals to help settle the land.

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Make connections

Why did the French have such a hard time colonizing?

What connects these concepts?

French Colonization

Cold Weather

Make Connections

Making connections between different concepts is an important thinking skill. Before presenting, fill in the yellow and blue circles with two concepts you are learning about in todayโ€™s lesson (or maybe one concept from today and one concept from last week). Ask students to think about what connects the two concepts in the box. Show their responses anonymously on the projector to discuss.

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France - criminal who wanted freedom

England - religious freedom

France - Furs

England - Farmers

France - worked with Native people

England - ignored or fought with native people

How did the countries differ in exploration and colonization?

Pick two different countries and draw or type your thoughts on this topic in one head. Draw or type the point of view of a different person in the other.

Country 1

Country 2

Consider Different Viewpoints

Understanding othersโ€™ points of view is an important thinking skill. Help students hone that skill by asking them to consider a specific topic. First, ask what their own opinion or belief is. Then, ask them to consider what someone else might believe. If they canโ€™t think of other points of view, have students pair up and share their thinking, then record the other personโ€™s perspective in the space provided.

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Draw and Example of Portage

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Essential Questions

The French and the English had different approaches to settlement in North America.

  • In what ways were they different?
  • What problems did they find?
  • How did the French solve these problems?

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France & the Fur Trade - Google Slides