Digital Scholarship:




Dale Askey

Administrative Director, Sherman Centre

Associate University Librarian


Open _______

Open Access

Making journal articles accessible to all, for free.

Open Data

Publishing datasets used in research or gathered by governments, corporations, and other entities.

Open Peer Review

Transparent review of research publications.

Open Source

Software code available for inspection and modification, subject to licence terms.

Open Educational Resources

Free textbooks and other learning objects.

Open Science

All of the above, plus anything else that fits the agenda.

Open Access

Green, gold, and platinum. Huh?

Open Access, succinctly defined

Making scholarly articles freely available to all readers. No (or few) use restrictions.

What Open Access is, or isn’t


  • A business model


  • End of peer review
  • Some moral high ground
  • Threat to research integrity

How is OA funded?

  • Article processing charges (APC) - mainly STEM journals
  • Subsidies/grants
  • Operationally, e.g.- libraries as publishers

The Farbenlehre of Open Access


aka self-archiving

Article published commercially

Deposited by author in an open repository


Published in open access journal that charges an APC


Published in open access journal sans APC

The market is inelastic & harsh

Numbers compiled by University of Pittsburgh Library System, based on published data sources.

Open Source

... isn’t free, and other banalities.


Open source software is software that can be freely used, changed, and shared (in modified or unmodified form) by anyone.

Kin, but not the same thing






Many license options

courtesy ExcaliburZero

Read the fine print; pick one that meets your objectives.

Open Data

Peering behind the curtain.

Two major data sources targeted





Legitimate research data concerns

  • Privacy protection
  • Patentable material
  • Publishing timelines
  • Competition

Benefits of open data

  • Research reproducibility
  • Reduction of repetition
  • Increased productivity, speed
  • Moving past the limits of your own imagination/discipline
  • Transparency


Who really likes paying for textbooks?

Occupying the middle ground, maybe






Open Peer Review

Or, one of these things is not like the others.

Different mechanisms

  • Signed reviews
  • Published reviews
  • Post-facto commentary/review

Common to all: dissatisfaction with or distrust of blind peer review

Open Science

f) All of the above.




Open Access

Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications

As publicly funded organizations, the Agencies have a fundamental interest in promoting the availability of findings that result from the research they fund, including research publications and data, to the widest possible audience, and at the earliest possible opportunity.


  • Freely accessible within 12 months of publication, via either:
    • Online Repositories
    • Journals
    • ... or both, per the policy
  • APCs can be covered by grant funds
  • Publications must indicate funding support

Open Data

Tri-Agency Statement of Principles on Digital Data Management

In promoting access to research results, [the agencies] aspire to advance knowledge, avoid research duplication and encourage reuse, maximize research benefits to Canadians and showcase the accomplishments of Canadian researchers.


  • Data Management Planning
  • Constraints and Obligations
  • Adherence to Standards
  • Collection and Storage
  • Metadata
  • Preservation, Retention and Sharing
  • Timeliness
  • Acknowledgement and Citation
  • Efficient and Cost Effective

Are they mandating sharing?

Yes and no:

“Research data resulting from agency funding should normally be preserved in a publicly accessible, secure and curated repository or other platform for discovery and reuse by others.”

Researchers’ responsibilities

  • Incorporating data management best practices
  • Developing data management plans
  • Following requirements, policies, standards
  • Acknowledging and citing datasets they use
  • Staying abreast of standards and expectations

This all makes sense ...

... but sounds painful.

So what does it mean for me?

And who can help?

Glad you asked.

Open Access assistance

  • Deciphering journals’ open access policies and moving walls
  • Identifying quality open access journals
  • Helping scholars found, flip, and operate open access journals
  • Easy tool to help:


More busy work ...

... for us!

But the policy says we should self-archive.


  • Takes < 5 minutes per article
  • Permanently archived and preserved
  • Removes all barriers for any reader, anywhere, forever

Research Data Management

  • provides template for data management plans
  • is a purpose-built data archiving and access control tool
  • Sherman Center and Maps, Data, GIS can consult on all aspects of data lifecycle

This may sound crass ...

... I need credit for my work.

How do I benefit?

No more paywalls, which means ...

... a citation advantage

  • Even readers with access prefer paths of zero resistance
  • Multiple studies have demonstrated this bump; open data shows similar trends

But wait, there’s more!

Means never having to pay an APC to a hybrid journal.

Service vs. Research

General bias: everything that does not contribute to getting a publication out the door is counterproductive, a waste of time, an irritant.

Examples: self-archiving, data curation, peer review

Data Management Planning

Good plans mean less guesswork and end-of-project manic activity to pull things together.

The tri-agencies are going to require them anyway, so why not benefit?

I’ll get right on that ...

... after my work is done.

Peer review is just an obligation.

Problem: it’s invisible

Perhaps not much longer.

Get recognized

  • Make it as easy as possible to cite you
  • Build a brand based on collaboration and openness
  • And, yes, help solve some endemic problems and feel good.


Images public domain or otherwise indicated.

Apache feather used per ASF Trademark Policy

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