The Rise of Absolutism in Early Modern Europe

Or, the Sunrise and Sunset of King Louis XIV of France

divine right of kings

absolutism

Jean de Bodin (d. 1596)

The Six Books of the Republic (1576)

secular absolutism

Hugo Grotius (d. 1645)

natural law

The Laws of War and Peace (1625)

Thirty Years’ War (1618-48)

Treaty of Westphalia, 1648

Louis XIII

Cardinal Richelieu

intendents

Louis XIV (r. 1643-1715)                 1651: “L’etat c’est moi.”

Cardinal Mazarin (d. 1661)             parlements

the Fronde, 1648-53

“Sun King”         Molière             ballet, the Louvre

Versailles, 1660s-1680s

Jansenists

Edict of Nantes revoked

bureaucracy

Jean-Baptiste Colbert (d. 1683)

mercantilism

War of Devolution, 1667-68: v. Spanish, Dutch, English,                  Swedish 

    (Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1668)

Dutch War, 1672-78: v. Dutch, Spanish, HRE 

    (Peace of Nijmegen, 1678)

Nine Years’ War (King William’s War), 1688-97: v. HRE,                 Swedish, Spanish, English 

    (Treaty of Ryswick, 1697)

Rise of Absolutism in Western Europe - Google Slides