@callmedaisee

github.com/DAISEE

Summary for beginners

Sept. 2018

Internets of energy | energy as a common(s)

Other commoners, cooperatives and nonprofits ventures can share and re-use the document.

Commercial ventures can re-use the document if (and only if) they commit to be in reciprocity.

These slides are protected by Creative Commons & Peer Production licenses

This slideshow is protected by Creative Commons and Peer Production. The rules are simples: other commoners, cooperatives and nonprofits ventures can share and re-use the document ; commercial ventures can re-use the document if they commit to be in reciprocity.

Mickael Pommier

#Design

David Gener

#municipalism

Xavier Lavayssière

#governance

You?!

Nicolas Loubet

#commons

Samira Rabaâoui

#blockchain

Rieul Techer

#energy

Déborah Thebault

#research

Sylvain Pastor

#hardware

Emmanuel Laurent

#lowtech

Louis Villard

#software

All the contributors of DAISEE wish you a hard welcome!

Xavier Coadic

#freeculture

Ethics

Procommuns.net

DAISEE stands for Decentralized Autonomous Interconnected System(s) for Energy Efficiency

slock.it

Techno

For curios people, DAISEE is like a acronym who stands for “Decentralized Autonomous Interconnected System(s) for Energy Efficiency”. In other words, the long term purpose is to collectively investigate complex issues at the intersection of technology and ethics.

Prats’EnR

It’s a multidisciplinary & multi-actors research program

who address complex issues related to energy transition

#TiersLieu

#citizen-laboratory

The program is co-produced by

Like a blockbuster, this research program is co-produced by la MYNE who’s a citizen lab based in Lyon (at the centre of France).

#research-studio

The program is co-produced by

And Cellabz, who’s a research studio founded by Clément and Nicolas with the ambition to leverage emerging technologies in society.

Part I

What We Believe

After these few words of introduction, we would like to share some ideas to understand why Ethereum has a key role to play in energy.

Technology is the answer but what was the question?

---

cEDRIC pRICE

As you all know, technology is the magic answer to all the questions. As a consequence, we have to ask ourselves WHAT IS THE QUESTION?

Can we survive Anthropocene?

For the people engaged in DAISEE, this question is both simple and fundamental. In short : as a civilisation, can we survive Anthropocene?

Anthropocene

Epoch dating from the commencement of significant human impact on the

Earth's geology & ecosystems including (...) anthropogenic climate change.

Wikipedia (consulted in March 8th, 2018)

If you are not familiar to the concept of Anthropocene, basically, it describes our epoch where all the humanity as a huge impact on Earth.

If no measure is taken, the energy needed to power the infrastructure of the web in 2030 would be tantamount to the energy consumed by humanity in 2008.*

It’s (really) not a joke. Think about these figures.

Sadly, it’s not a joke. According the W3C community group “Web We Can Afford”, if no structural measure is taken, the energy needed to power the infrastructure of the web in 2030 (in a little over 10 years) would be tantamount to the energy consumed by humanity in 2008.

All industries

are reorganizing

Software eats the world. BUT energy is the limit.

What does at mean? That energy is the limit for everything. Software economy is limited by energy. Industries are all limited by energy.

Tesla is the archetype of a new type of global infrastructure company.

So, we’re entering in world governed by commons.

As a consequence, we’ve are all condemned to re-consider our relation to energy, and that at all the scales. In this under heavy constraints world, it’s logic to see new infrastructures companies to emerge, like TESLA (which operates on the ENTIRE value chain of electricity).

Commons

Shared resources + Community of Contributors + Community-designed Rules.

Encommuns.org

If you are not familiar to the concept of Commons, basically, it describes a governance paradigm for the co-administration of resources.

Hybrid infrastructures are (right now) the new norm.

In other words, we’re entering a new world, where hybrid infrastructures, combining what exists and what’s is emerging, is the norm.

In this world, Ethereum should play a prominent role...

In this world, all the members of DAISEE strongly believe that Ethereum has a prominent role to play as a - efficient - World Computer.

Energy is NOT an abundant commodity,

(finite resources in a finite world)

Big challenge = governing complex multi-agents systems

More local energy producers

and local / micro-energy grids

By enabling (adaptive) community-based energy grids...

Bob

Alice

If energy is precious, we have to to orchestrate energy grids with more intelligent governance systems (precisely allowed by Ethereum).

Market Data

Network data

Electricity Data

With distributed energy data & physical infrastructures

More concretely we are making the hypothesis that Ethereum could address growing complexity in the administration of energy data.

Part II

What We ‘ve Done

Lets’ begin to talk about what we’ve succeeded to achieve with Ethereum (and

DAISEE's genesis (2015-2016)

09/10-12-2015

SYD Blockchain Innovation Challenge

11-02-2016

Lift16 Workshop Blockchain Beyond

12/13-02-2016

Cellcamp Doc. VO.1

29-03-2016

Hackaday Start

10-2016

Hackaday End

25-04-2016

Hackaday prize Finalist First Step

06-2016

#CompteurConnect

07-2016

#Blockfest

08-2016

#DAISEECamp

11-2016

#UrbanEntrepreneurs - LIFT

#LeBlockFest

#CompteurConnect

#DAISEEcamp1

#DAISEEcamp2

In 2016, we've essentially done your homeworks

Actually, we have started in 2016 as a bunch of amateurs. And we have ve patiently done our homeworks (energy politics, Ethereum, etc.)

We’ve made an “Ethereum friendly” IoT infrastructure (GitHub)

1. Simulated energy data

2. Local Ethereum blockchain (that relies on a network of Raspberry Pi)

3. Automated energy transaction through a ethereum smart-contract embedding predefined rules

And after one year of hard working, we’ve arrived to a prototype who combines (1) simulated energy data (2) a local ethereum blockchain (that relies on a network of Raspberry Pi) (3) automated energy transactions through a (Ethereum) smart-contract embedding predefined rules.

Knowledge is public. So, you can remix the prototype! (GitHub)

Like Ethereum, the good news is the technical documentation of the prototype is integraly documented (CC & GPL licences).

What we’ve learnt...

1

Bullshit is everywhere

In energy sector - especially in a perspective of energy transition, we need to think beyond blockchain. Because the technology is too immature.

2

If continued and permanent interaction with the blockchain is required, then the fees pilling up can entails high amount bills.

Data transfer costs

The low-cost of small-amount transactions is verified in the case of limited interaction with the blockchain. If permanent interaction with the blockchain is required (such as in energy sector with real time production and consumption), the fees pilling up can entails high amount bills.

3

However, for a blockchain used on a regular basis, it takes from a few second to few minutes. This is NOT real-time.

‘Real time’ is not real

*what does real-time really means anyway ?!

Due the consensus process validation (mining process), blocks validation, for a blockchain used on a regular basis, takes from a few second to few minutes. This is not real-time and that is a limitation in the case the energy where it is necessary to guaranty in real time the consumed and produced amount if we want to keep the link between the transaction process and the physical electricity exchange process.

4

Blockchain technologies are not designed to store huge amount of data, since the more data you store, the heavier the blockchain.

You loose in flexibility as well as in distributed potential.

Data storage sucks

Blockchain are not designed to store huge amount of data. The more data you store, the heavier your blockchain; thus you loose in flexibility.

Blockchain as technologies alone are (really) reductive

BUT

the (original) underlying philosophy is (really) powerful

to think the future of our vital infrastructures.

Then… Why Blockchain ?

Blockchain technologies alone are reductive BUT the underlying philosophy is (em)powerful to think the future of our infrastructures.

Part III

What We’re Doing

After these few months of exploration, we sought to change our approach. So, basically, we made a call for experimentation in the real world.

In 2017, we left our computers to dig in concrete field

and confront the reality of energy transition

Although we’re geeks, we gave up our computers and we met David Gener, administrator of the electric power utility of Prats-de-Mollo.

Prats-de-Mollo: a (charming) thousand-year-old village located

in South of (lovely) France (in Catalan Pyrenees)

Geographic location of Prats-de-Mollo (OpenStretMap France)

Overview of the city of Prats-de-Mollo (tourist office)

Let me introduce Prats-de-Mollo. Prats is a (charming) thousand-year-old village located in South of (lovely) France (in Catalan Pyrenees).

Overview of the local of the utility (N. Loubet, CC-BY-SA 4.0)

Overview of the hydroelectric dam (N. Loubet, CC-BY-SA 4.0)

Prats-de-Mollo: a hundred-year-old municipal electrical utility

that has been operating a hydroelectric dam

Much more interesting for our business, Prats is equipped with an hundred-year-old municipal electrical utility that has been operating a hydroelectric dam.

2018

  • The hydroelectric plant provides about 40% of annual electricity needs (6.5 GWh).

  • A weakened territory. Since 2012, the cost of electricity has increased by 25%.

2021

  • 90 to 110% of the local energy needs provided by a renewable energy mix.

  • A region of excellence (in France, in Europe) on energy transition practices

Prats-de-Mollo: a transition town committed to being 100% self-sufficient in renewable energies by 2021

And, we have a question. In short, Prats si a transition town committed to being totally self-sufficient in renewable energies by 2021.

We are building with stakeholders (city council, utility, inhabitants) a ‘Citizen-Governed Data Platorm’ (conformed to the regulation)

R&D subsidiary (Citizen - Governed Data Platform)

Prats’EnR

Hybrid Co.

Hydro’ Prest

subsidiary

Ecart’ Hydro

subsidiary

AGRI’ Sol

subsidiary

Metha’Gri

subsidiary

Urban’ HOT

subsidiary

Front-IER

subsidiary

What’s the role a DAISEE here? We are building with stakeholders (city council, utility, inhabitants) a “Citizen-Governed Data Platorm” (conformed to the regulation)

Actually, we’re prototyping this Citizen-Governed Data Platorm

More exactly, we have been involved since six months, in the co-design and co-building of this new kind of data management system.

Citizen-Governed Data Platform : a third party place ensuring the integrity of data manipulations (captation, storage, analyse) for all the stakeholders concerned by the energy transition governance.

For specialists, I can give you a definition of a Citizen-Governed Data Platform. In plain English, it’s a third party place ensuring the integrity of data manipulations (captation, storage, analyse, visualisation) for all the stakeholders concerned by the energy transition governance.

Part IV

Some Next Steps

After these few months of exploration, we sought to change our approach. So, basically, we made a call for experimentation in the real world.

1 - We are sharing knowledge through bootcamps

First, we are sharing knowledge through bootcamps. But we are open to every opportunity. And we do love to travel.

2- We are participating to Iex.ec Challenge (GitHub)

Secondly, we are participating to the Iex.ec Dapp Challenge. Actually, our goal is to achieve a nice and fully functional dapp.

3- We are playing with the Blockchain Studio

Thirdly, we are playing with new design tools, like Blockchain Studio who’s powerful to modelize systems and write smart contracts.

4- We will play with the governance (voting) framework of 97

Fourthly, we’are joigning forces with a new venture, 97, who’s engaged in the conception of an Ethereum-based vote framework.

5- We are getting closer to our holomogues

Last, but not least, we’re getting closer to our holomogues. More explicitly, with LO3 Energy (famous for his experience in Brooklyn) and Energy Collective / WeOu (less famous, but extremely interesting - they give a talk this afternoon, here in EthCC, in order to describe their work).

great Fields

(to experiment in

the real world)

co-producers

(to facilitate contribution)

contributors

(To produce knowledge)

If you like DAISEE’s challenges... we are looking for

Be aware. We’re always eager to cooperate with new talents. We’re always open to partnerships. And we’re always looking for fantastic fields.

Chat with us

chat.daisee.org

Contact us

callmedaisee@protonmail.com

Meet us

meetup.com/DAISEE

Git with us

github.com/DAISEE

Internets of energy | energy as a common(s)

Don't hesitate to contact us for more information. We have a chat and a contact mail. We have a meetup and we code with GitHub.

One more thing...

Source: https://www.w3.org/community/wwca/

We DO love DAOs.

We’re working on it...

Slock.it

[DAISEE] Summary for Beginners (Sept. 2018) - Google Slides