The Odd Marriage of Nationalism and Sport
Introduction by Jack Scott
· Physical Educators can’t be value neutral when it comes to sports sociology. They can’t immediately take the stance of the “status-quo” because science is a means to an end so you can’t have a “status-quo” stance when it comes to researching the sociology of sports. You have to look at all aspects of sports and capitalism. No just police looking at criminology or psychologists looking at mental impact, politicians looking at political side. You must see it from all angles to properly understand it.
Bullet 1: Chapter starts out talking about militarism in sports and how We watch sports with the same tenacity as fighting in a war
Contact sports compare to militarism in the idea of main-or-be-maimed, with physical attacking being the essence of the game (football, rugby, ice hockey, boxing)
Bullet 2: For example, as the vietnam war heated up, so did football being americas number 1 sport. As black people fought for equality in america, so did they on the field. As women fought for their rights, you could see this too in the games.
Bullet 3: You cannot discuss issues relating to sports without discuss the current issues in society as well as the history of those issues.
Point 1: While the violence in today’s society with riots, student uprising, bombings, are frustrating to the citizen because they show chaos without control, hard violence in football is done under a controlled environment (Referees are obeyed, Those who don’t follow the law are penalized, Officials have the final say
Point 2: It gives people a chance to expel bent up emotion from oppression at work, an identification with a team, and a “fix”
Point 3: Instead of focusing on their own social issues, maybe even with their wife, they put their time into becoming experts on the sport
This isn’t a natural thing but again the idea of a controlled means of violence and the systems way of getting people to use their bent up anger and aggression. Fighting sells.
Bullet 1: Big businesses owned the arenas so they basically paid themselves to play there and made sure other teams couldnt afford it in the early days. Even news organizations owned teams so they had coverage rights. Most namely CBS owning the Yankees until 1973. They would hand down ownership from person to person so the big business rich people always had ownership. And they didn’t just own the team but they’d own other organizations around the city and market those places at games.
Bullet 2 answer: Because it puts them in such a monopolistic position in marketing HIS product in a particular city and hiring the players who would produce it.
Bullet 3: Wanted to keep out anti-trade and basically not allow monopolies over competition because when teams started they had monopolies over all parts of a team and could make prices whatever they wanted because there was no competition. Judge Landis said ““‘any blows at . . . baseball would be regarded by this court as a blow to a national institution.’”” http://sabr.org/research/alito-origin-baseball-antitrust-exemption
First bullet: The creation of more trains and railways gave more people opportunities to travel to games
Second and 3rd: Both wars came with the creation of aircraft so the opportunity for both coasts to play each other increased.
Team names: New England Patriots, the Maple Leafs, the National League and American League,
Words to describe: enemy terrority, sends a bomb, attacking formation, guards, blitzing, sending out new troops…
Pain: Players expected to ignore injuries and be “tough” and “courageous” like military personnel. Vince Lombardi even told his players that injury is mental and if you can walk you can run. This forcefulness is very militaristic.
Point 1: America the beautiful during 7th inning stretch, military appreciation nights, military recruitment stations
Point 2: Defiance of not playing after 9/11, people not coming out for national anthem or turning from it
What do you think of Pat Tillman’s name being used to sell the ideaing of joining the army for your country?