Literature Terms

Period 4

Template (Term goes here)

Definition

Use it in a sentence

Give 2 examples

Picture Example

Metaphor

Ex

Broken heart

Time is a thief

She suffers from a broken heart

a figure of speech containing an implied comparison,

Plot

Definition: the action or sequence of events in a story

Sentence: The plot of The Tortoise and the Hare is a tortoise and a hare run a race.

Example (in literature): (The Hunger Games) Katniss must represent her district in the games after she takes the place of her younger sister. She and the boy representative from her district, Peeta, must fight young representatives from other districts. The conflict is finally resolved when, in a climactic moment, Katniss and Peeta decide to kill themselves rather than kill each other. Those behind the games halt the games and declare them both the winners.

Example (in literature): (Charlotte's Web) Wilbur is saved from death by Fern, but then he is sent to live at her uncle's farm, where the plan is that he will one day be butchered. Charlotte, a spider, helps to save Wilbur's life by writing words about him in her web. He wins the county fair and is saved, but Charlotte passes away

Theme

Definition- the underlying meaning of a text.

The theme of this story is that good things come to those that wait.

Examples:

Three Little Pigs: work now, play later.

Green Eggs and Ham: don’t knock it until you have tried it.

Voice

Definition- the writer’s unique use of language particular to his/her style.

Dr. Suess had a very unique voice in his stories.

Examples:

“His mother was across the hall. Pink hat. White dress. He shoved aside a rising memory of seventh grade, when he’d last seen her wear it.”

“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate”

Alliteration

Definition-

repetition of the initial consonant sound in two or more neighboring words

Sally sells seashells down by the sea shore.

How much wood could a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?

Examples

Sally sells seashells down by the sea shore.

How can a clam cram in a clean can creame?

Allegory

An allegory is a story in which people, things, and actions represent ideas and have a moral or lesson about life.

The allegory represented the taxing duties of the story, as well as the moral and meaning.

Examples of allegories are:

-The Lord of the Flies by William Golding has many about society, morality and religion

-The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis is a religious allegory with Aslan as Christ and Edmund as Judas

Allusion

Definition- implied or indirect reference to a person, place, or event

The devil is with us.

Examples:

The Little Mermaid: the mythological creatures that would lure men to their death

Hercules: he has to prove that he could be a God

Analogy

Definition- a comparison of the features or qualities of two different things to show their similarities

Sentence:

My grandmother has a church analogy for every situation that has occurred in her life.

Examples:

“The white mares of the moon rush along the sky
Beating their golden hoofs upon the glass Heavens.” - “Night Clouds”

“What’s in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other word would smell as sweet.
So Romeo would, were he not Romeo called,” - “Romeo and Juliet”

Bias

  • prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.

People are bias when it comes to their favorite sports team.

People who are good at maths are brainy .


Everybody drives Chevy because Fords are on the side of a road.

Hyperbole

Definition- an intentional exaggeration for emphasis or comic effect.

The hyperbole wasn’t meant to be taken seriously.

I’m so hungry I could eat a horse.

This car goes faster than the speed of light.

Fable

Def: A short simple story that teaches a lesson; a fable usually includes animals that talk and act like people

This fable is about a fox who follows her dreams!

Examples:

The Boy Who Cried Wolf: don’t lie because people won't trust you

The Golden Touch (King Midas): be careful what you wish for

Central Idea

The central idea is the central, unifying element of the story, which ties together all of the other elements of fiction used by the author to tell the story.

The central idea of the story was that evil may win the battle but, never win the war.

Thomas Paine's Central Idea of common sense was government is a necessary evil

Martin luther Jr.’s central Idea of his I had a dream speech was Racial equality



Simile

A figure of speech creating as comparison between two seemingly unlike things using "like" or "as"

Similes make more sense than a metaphor.

The music burst like a built-up flood.

He ran like a dizzy moth.

Archetype

  • A symbol, pattern, or character type commonly seen in literary work
  • The Archetype of the bully which intimidates others, can be found in hundreds of children's books.
  • Examples
  • The “Hero” ie Robin Hood
  • The “Journey” ie Lord of the Rings

Personification

  • Personification is giving human traits/abilities to inhuman things.
  • The author used personification in his book about talking animals.
  • Examples:
  • The grey-eyed moon smiles on the frowning night -Romeo and Juliet
  • When it comes, the landscape listens, / Shadows hold their breath -Emily Dickinson

Argument

Definition: an expression of a point of view about a subject supported with evidence.

Sentence:

The brother and sister were in an argument about who was taking the first shower.

Examples:

Charles Dickens- “Whether I shall turn out to be the hero of my own life, or whether that station will be held by anybody else, these pages must show.”

Jane Austen (Pride and Prejudice)- “It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.”

Evidence

Definition: support for an idea or claim.

Sentence: There is evidence in the crime scene that helps the investigators to identify the criminal that broke into the house.

Examples:

“As she biked, walked, rode the bus all over the city, she kept moving as if her life depended on it, which in some ways it did. She ran, as she had done most of her life, but this time she was running for her own sanity” - “The Color of Water” by James McBride

“I talk about how I did not plant the seeds too deeply, how it was the fault of the earth, our land, our town. Certain seeds it will not nurture, certain fruit it will not bear, and when the land kills of its own volition, we acquiesce and say the victim had no right to live.” - “The Bluest Eye” by :Tony Morrison

Context Clues

Definition: using words or sentences around an unfamiliar word to help clarify its meaning

The context clues were used to help the reader understand the meaning of the word.

Examples:

  • It was an idyllic day for a walk in the park.
    • Perfect
  • This situation is a conundrum.
    • Puzzle

Symbol

Definition: a person, place, or object that represents something beyond itself

To her regret, it was there: the leather necklace and its silver symbol that had marked her family line.

Examples:

The sunflower represents people and the sun represents life:

Ah Sunflower, weary of time,

Who countest the steps of the sun;

Seeking after that sweet golden clime

Where the traveler’s journey is done

In William Wordsworth’s “She Dwelt Among Untrodden Ways” innocence and beauty are shown with these phrases:

“Fair as a star, when only one is shining in the sky.”

"A violet by a mossy stone"

Pun

A play on words using words that sound alike or have multiple meanings of humours effect

I made a pun in english class today it was funny

Examples:

Simba was moving too slow so I told him to Mufasa

That's the sealiest thing i've ever heard

Audience

A specified or clearly implied person or people who writer's address him/her correspondence

I read the audience a story then asked them questions.

Concerts have an audience.

When an important person (president) gives a speech there is a large amount of people that make it an audience.

Imagery

  • Descriptive language that portrays sensory experiences, creating a picture in the mind of the reader
  • The imagery the author used helped me to imagine all the things the character was experiencing.
  • Examples

There he stood beside the lake, beneath the huge willow tree that was blowing in the summer breeze.

The boy’s blue eyes were bright as the Sun, blue as the sky, and soft as silk.

Dialogue

Definition: A conversation between two or more people that advances the action, is consistent with the character of the speaker, and serves to give relief from passages essentially descriptive or expository

Two friends had a dialogue about the story they were reading.

Examples:

“For one hour,” he pleaded.

“Not for one minute,” she replied.

Paradox

Definition: a figure of speech in which a statement or proposition seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth. In literature, a paradox often makes a statement of a major theme.

Sentence: It is a paradox that computers need maintenance so often, since they are meant to save people time.

Examples:
I know one thing; that I know nothing.

"What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young." - George Bernard Shaw

Main Idea

Definition: an informational or expository writing, the most important thought or overall position; the main idea or thesis of a piece, written in sentence form, is supported by details and explanation

Sentence: The main idea of The Lord of the Flies is “An airplane full of young school boys crashed on a deserted island, where they face troubles like temptation, jealousy, and savagery while trying to survive.”

Examples:

Little Red Riding Hood is about a girl who is trying to get to her sick grandmother’s house to give her baked goods while under the constant stalking of a hungry wolf on the trail through the woods.

Oxymoron

Definition- a figure of speech that is a combination of contradictory words

Sentence-

You are a real oxymoron.

Examples-

living death

Cruel kindness

Setting

  • the time and location of the action in a work of literature

  • The setting was in a dark spooky forest.

Haunted Mansion

Beautiful Forest with blooming flowers.

Symbolism

The use of people, places, or objects that represents something beyond the literal sense

Sentence: The symbolism for republicans is an elephant and democrat a donkey.

Examples:’

Black symbolises death or evil

White symbolizes life

Synonym

Definition: A word that has a meaning identical with, or very similar to, another word in the same language.

Sentence: A synonym for remembering something is reminisce.

Examples:

Kindness - consideration

Synonym - alternative

Period 4 - Google Slides